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- Basic Numeracy Order of Magnitude
- Basic Numeracy Statistics
- Basic Numeracy Percentage
- Basic Numeracy Area Plane Figures
- Basic Numeracy Simplification
- Basic Numeracy Square Cube Root
- Basic Numeracy Average
- Basic Numeracy Set Theory Venn Diagrams Functions Relations
- Basic Numeracy Indices and Surds
- Basic Numeracy Number System
- Basic Numeracy Fractions
- Basic Numeracy Unitary Method
- Basic Numeracy Volume Surfacearea Solid Figures
- Basic Numeracy Ratio Proportion
- Data Sufficiency Part 2
- Basic Numeracy Partnership
- General Mental Ability Logical Venn Diagrams
- DIDS Mix Diagram
- Basic Numeracy Concept Geometry
- Basic Numeracy Sequences Series

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Highest Common Factor

The highest common factor of two or more given numbers is the largest of their

common factors. It is known as GCD also.

eg,

Factors of 20 are 1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 20

Factors of 36 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 36

Here greatest and common factor of 20 and 36 is 4.

\

HCF of 20 and 36 is 4.

Least Common Multiple

The least common multiple of two or more given numbers is the least of their

common multiples.

eg,

Multiple of 25 are 25, 50, 75, 100, 125, 150, 175, ....

Multiple of 30 are 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, 180, 210, ....

Here 150 is least common multiple of 25 and 30

\

LCM of 25 and 30 is 150.

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Example 1: Determine the HCF and LCM of 36, 48, 64 and 72.

Solution. To find HCF

36 ) 48 ( 1

36

12 ) 36 ( 3

36

12 ) 64 ( 5

60

4 ) 12 ( 3

12

4 ) 72 (18

4

32

32

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The greatest number that will divide a, b, c is the HCF of a, b, c.

If x is a factor of a and b, then x is also a factor of a + b, a b and ab.

HCF of given numbers must be a factor of their LCM.

The product of the LCM and HCF of two numbers is equal to the product of the

two numbers.

Example 3: LCM of two numbers is 56 times of their HCF. Sum of LCM and HCF

is 456. If one of them is 56. Find the other.

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- Basic Numeracy Order of MagnitudeUploaded byupscportal.com
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