DC/AC Pure Sine Wave Inverter

Section-B: Batch No: 10 ANIL .R(07241A0258) MAHENDRA.P(07241A0275) VAMSI KRISHNA.L(07241A02B4)

Inverter
• Power inverters are devices which can convert electrical energy of DC form into that of AC. • On the market today are two different types of power inverters, modified sine wave and pure sine wave generators. These inverters differ in their outputs, providing varying levels of efficiency and distortion that can affect electronic devices in different ways.

OUR OBJECTIVE
• Our goal is to fill a niche which seems to be lacking in the power inverters market, one for a fairly efficient, inexpensive inverter with a pure sine wave output.
• Utilizing PWM and analog components, the output will be a clean sinusoid, with very little switching noise, combined with the inexpensive manufacturing that comes with an analog approach.

COMPOSITION
• The major task of generating a pure sine wave is viewed as the summation of outputs obtained from:
 Bubba oscillator(Reference sine wave generator)  Carrier wave generator  Pulse width modulation  H-bridge with MOSFET drivers  Snubber circuit and filters

Bubba Oscillator
• The Bubba Oscillator is a circuit that provides a filtered sine wave of any frequency the user desires based upon the configuration of resistors and capacitors in the circuit. • The circuit completes this task with four operational amplifiers that either buffer or amplify the signal and produce a total 180 shift.

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Output .

a triangular wave will be used.Carrier Wave Generator • Generating a sine wave at 50Hz requires both the reference sine wave and a carrier wave at the switching speed of the power supply. in this case. . • Carrier waves can be either saw tooth or triangular signals. • The operation of this device is based on basic Schmitt Trigger and Integrator circuits.

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Output .

. • The reference signal is sinusoidal and at the frequency of the desired output signal.Pulse Width Modulation • Analog PWM control requires the generation of both reference and carrier signals that feed into a comparator which creates output signals based on the difference between the signals. while the carrier signal is often either a sawtooth or triangular wave at a frequency significantly greater than the reference.

and when the reference is at a higher voltage. the comparator output signal is at one state. the output is at its second state. .• When the carrier signal exceeds the reference.

. • By controlling different switches in the bridge. negative. • The use of P-channel MOSFETs on the high side and N-Channel MOSFETs on the low side is easier. or zero potential voltage can be placed across a load. a positive.H-Bridge Configuration • An H-bridge converter is a switching configuration composed of four switches in an arrangement that resembles an H.

H-Bridge with N-channel MOSFETS .

 Square wave will control the polarity of the output sine wave. using an H-Bridge MOSFET configuration. and utilizing both the above PWM signal and the square wave generated. while the PWM signal will control the amplitude. we can obtain unfiltered output signal at the load. The MOSFET driver on the left side of the bridge will receive a square wave and the right side will receive the PWM signal.  Now. .

. • In the case of the inverter. inductive loads can cause special problems • To combat this problem snubber circuits can reduce or eliminate any severe voltages and currents.Snubber circuit • One of the major factors in any electronic device is its ability to protect itself from surges that could damage the circuitry.

Inductive Load Circuit with Snubber .

Filters • In this inverter . we prefer passive filter than active filters. L-C filter .

Block diagram of pure sine wave inverter .

Total Circuit Diagram .

Final Output at the filter .

• Inverters allow the user to provide AC power in areas where only batteries can be made available. and transform it into a AC power source emulating the power available at an ordinary household electrical outlet. boats and at construction sites where an electric grid may not be as accessible to hook into. . allowing portability and freeing the user of long power cords. such as a 12 volt car battery. • Power inverters are used today for many tasks like powering appliances in a car such as cell phones. radios and televisions. • They also come in handy for consumers who own camping vehicles.Applications • The purpose of a DC/AC power inverter is typically to take DC power supplied by a battery.

Simulation part of the circuits .

Simulation of bubba oscillator circuit .

C = 100nF then Freq = 50HZ .Output R = 33Kohm.

7Kohm. C = 100nF then Freq = 60HZ .R = 26.

R = 15Kohm. C = 150nF then Freq = 70HZ .

Simulation of carrier wave circuit .

Freq = 2 KHZ . C = 200 pF.Output Rtot = 100 Kohm .

C = 100 pF.2 Kohm .Rtot = 8. Freq = 50 KHZ .

C = 150 pF. Freq = 8 KHZ .Rtot = 50 Kohm .

Simulation of PWM circuit .

O : R=33Kohm.Output B. C=100nF C.G : Rtot = 50Kohm . C= 200pF .

7Kohm. C=100nF C.G : Rtot = 50Kohm . C= 150pF .B.O : R=26.

O : R=15Kohm. C=150nF C.G : Rtot = 100Kohm .B. C= 200pF .

2Kohm .B.G : Rtot = 8.O : R=15Kohm. C= 100pF . C=150nF C.

List of major components • Op amps: LM348 TL084 MC3302 • IR2110(Mosfet driver) • IR549P Mosfet .

LM348 Pin diagram : Ratings : • Supply voltage : Vcc : -18 to +18 V • Input voltage : Vi : -18 to +18 V • Differential Input Voltage : Vi(Diff) : 36 V • Operating & storage Temperature : 0 to +70 C & -65 to 150 C .

TL084 Pin Diagram : Ratings : • Supply voltage : Vcc : -18 to +18 V • Input voltage : Vi : -15 to +15 V • Differential Input Voltage : Vi(Diff) : -30 to +30 V • Power Dissipation : P(tot) : 680mw • Operating & storage Temperature : 0 to +70 C & -65 to 150 C .

MC3302 Pin Diagram : Ratings : • Supply voltage : Vcc : -15 to +15 V • Input Differential Voltage Range : Vidr : 30 V • Power dissipation : Pd: 1 W • Operating & storage Temperature : -40 to 85 C & -65 to 150 C .

IR2110 Pin Diagram : Ratings : .

Components for MOSFET power supply • Mosfet power supply is nearly about 200V 1) Diodes . .1N4148 Maximum peak reverse voltage = 100V Forward current = 150mA Reverse current = 25nA 2) capacitance – it must be less than 20micro farad of voltage rating 500 Volts.

Hardware work .

Bubba Oscillator .

Carrier wave generator .

PWM pulse generator .

H-Bridge configuration of MOSFETS .

Output of bubba oscillator circuit .

Output of carrier wave generator .

from which the accurate PWM pulses are obtained with disturbances which couldn’t properly drive the MOSFET drivers to give the desired output.the obtained reference sine wave and triangular waves are sent to the PWM generator circuit. .Conclusion • After the total connections of internal circuits.

. • Using the data collected in this report as well as the schematics and recommendations the product produced here can be improved upon.Scope of the project • This project is a stepping stone to a cheaper and efficient pure sine wave inverter. • Simple additions such as circuit protection and a closed loop control system could greatly improve the performance of this project.