jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

twGJ 11- trSwf 1 Vol 11, No.1 Nov, 2012

Ed0k ifbmv 2012

Edk0ifbmv 2012

orRwa&G;aumufyJG tdb
k m;rm; tEkid &f
(Ed k 0 if b mv 7&uf / 2012/
VOA))
(a&G ; aumuf y G J tEk d i f
&+yD ; aemuf &S D u m*d k + rd K Œ/ rJ q G , f
pnf ; ¶H k ; a&; XmecsKyf w G i f awG @ &
uk v or*~ .
onf h orR w b&mh c f t d k b m; a&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;rsm;qk d i f & m
rm;/ orR w uawmf rD & S J v f t d k
jyXmef ; csuf r sm;
bm;rm;/ 'kwd,orRw *sLd;bdkif
'ef E S i h f 'k w d , orR w uawmf
pmrsufESm- 4 rS 6 odk@æ
*sD;vf bdkif'ef/ Edk0ifbm 7/ 2012?) b&mhcf tdkbm;rm;[m tar&duefjynfaxmifpk&JΠorRwtjzpf
'k w d , t}ud r f av;ES p f o uf w rf ; twG u f xyf + yD ; a&G ; aumuf wif a jrê m uf c H v d k u f & +yD j zpf y gw,f ?
t*F gae@u wEk d i f i H v H k ; rS m usif ; ycJ h w J h orR w a&G ; aumuf y G J r S m vuf & S d o rR w u +yd K if b uf
&D y wf b vD u ef o rR w avmif ; rpf w f &G r f r f e D u d k tEk d i f & cJ h w myg? 'D u ae@reuf y d k i f ; vif ; tm;}uD ;
tcsd e f r S m tqH k ; owf o G m ;cJ h w J h tar&d u ef o rR w a&G ; aumuf y G J aemuf q H k ; tajctaeud k
ADGtdkatowif;axmuf Kent Klein u
pmrsuf E S m -20 od k @ æ

tdkbm;rm;tekdif&¶Sdr_ jrefrmtay: oufa&mufr_¶Sdrnf[kqkd
(Ed k 0 if b mv 7 &uf / 2012/ DVB))
vl x k u sef ; rma&; (tvk y f u d k
tar&d u ef j ynf a xmif p k orR w a¶G ; aumuf
rem;raevk y f u d k i f v S s if
yGJrSm vuf¶Sd orRw tdkbm;rm; tekdif&¶SdoGm;wm[m
ES v H k ; a&m*g xd c d k u f c H p m;&Ed k i f )
jrefrmekdifiH&J@ vuf¶Sd vkyfaqmifaewJh tajymif;tvJ
ud k taxmuf t yH h jzpf a pr,fvdk@ ekdi fi Ha&;orm;awG/
pmrsuf E S m - 6 od k @ æ
owif ; pmq&mawG e J @ wd k i f ; &if ; om; ud k , f p m;vS , f
awGu ajymygw,f? jyefvnfa¶G;cs,fcH&onfh tar&d
uef o rR w tk d b m;rm; ("mwf y H k - &d k u f w m)
0g&ifhowif;pm q&m}uD; OD;0if;wifu “tajymif; tvJvkyfw,fqdk+yD; ppfwyfuvnf; ajymif;wJh
yH k a y:vmw,f a ygh ? ppf w yf a jymif ; vJ r _ ay:rl w nf + yD ; awmh tef t ,f v f ' D r S m vnf ; 'D r k d u a&pD
tvm;tvmawG yk d y G i f h v if ; vmwJ h oabmrS m ¶S d w ,f ? jref r mjynf ek d i f i H a &; tajymif ; tvJ v d k h
ppf t pd k ; &u a=uG ; a=umf v monf h enf ; wl rajymif ; vJ v d k @ r&awmh b l ; ? vk y f u d k v k y f & awmh r ,f h
taetxm;awGvnf; trsm; }uD;¶Sdw,f? pD;yGm;a&;/ jynfwGif;+idrf;csrf;a&;udpPawG/ vl@tcGifht
a&; ud p P a wG r S m =unh f = unf h tajymif ; tvJ v k y f v m&r,f h taetxm;awG ¶ S d v mw,f ? +yD ; cJ h w J h
4 eS p f w avS s muf v H k ; rS m td k b m;rm;wd k @ 'D r d k u &uf w pf y gwD u yJ trsm;}uD ; ul n D c J h w mqd k a wmh
td k b m;rm;wd k @ quf e k d i f v k d u f a wmh ol w d k @ ek d i f i H a &;tajctaeuvnf ; yd k + yD ; wnf + id r f awmif h w if ;
umwGef;
ck d i f r mvmr,f ?
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&;
; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_2005
a umf r w
csD o nf ? E S m - 20- 21 od k @ æ
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ pmrsuf
pmrsuf E S m (24)od k @ æ
Established
by sinceylAugust,

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

"

Ed0k ifbmv 2012

toufzdk;awmif;qdkrnfavm/
t&ufzdk;om vufcH-urnfavm
xd k i f ; Ed k i f i H a &muf jref r ma&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;rsm;ES i f h ,if ; wd k @ . rd o m;pk 0 if uav;rsm;onf
ESpfaygif;rsm;pGmuyif jrefrmEdkifiH tpdk;&tqufquf. rsufuG,fjyK/ vpfvsL&_jcif;udk cH=u&ayonf? odk@aomf orRw
OD ; od e f ; pd e f . vwf w avm umv tajymif ; tvJ r sm;=um;wG i f jref r mEd k i f i H . jyif y wG i f tvk y f = urf ; tygt0if
tvk y f r sKd ; pH k w d k @ ud k vk y f u d k i f a e=u&aom jref r ma&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;wd k @ . ta&;t&mud p P w d k @ ud k ,cif u uJ h o d k @
vpfvsL&_raeawmhyJ tawmftwef &yfwnf aqmif&Gufay;r_rsm; wpwp &SdvmcJhygonf? txl;ojzifh jrefrmEdkifiHrS
tvk y f o rm;0ef } uD ; XmeES i f h ouf q k d i f & m Ed k i f i H t oD ; oD ; &S d jref r moH & H k ; wd k @ onf jref r ma&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;wd k @ .
ta&;t&mud p P tcsKd @ wd k @ ud k &yf w nf a qmif & G u f a y;vm=uygonf ?
rdrdwdk@ xdkif;- jrefrme,fpyf wmh(cf)c&dkif (wmhcfjynfe,f)&Sd 9 +rdK@e,fxJwGif raqmufc&dkifcGJonf jrefrma&$@ajymif;
tvk y f o rm; ta&twG u f 2 od e f ; cef @ &S d a om a'ojzpf y gonf ? ,ck E S p f r sm;twG i f ; rJ a qmuf + rd K @e,f t jyif zk w f z &/
r,f & rwf ponf h +rd K @e,f r sm;wG i f jref r ma&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;rsm;ud k o mru ,if ; wd k @ . rd o m;pk 0 if
uav;rsm;onf v nf ; armf a wmf ,mOf rawmf w qr_ r sm;jzif h touf q H k ; &H _ ; &jcif ; / &mouf y ef 'k u Q d w jzpf & jcif ; rsm;
&S d a eygonf ? (Tarmf a wmf , mOf rawmf w q jzpf r _ r sm;rS m vk y f t m;crsm;jym;aom xk d i f ; Ed k i f i H +rd K @}uD ; jy}uD ; rsm;&S d
jrefrma&$@ajymif;tvkyform;rsm;twGuf tawmftwef avsmfa=u;aiGudk &&SdcHpm;=u&aomfvnf; xkdif;EdkifiH. vkyftm;c
tenf ; qH k ; a'orsm;xJ w G i f wpf c k t yg t0if j zpf a om wmh ( cf ) c&d k i f w G i f r l touf z k d ; &S d & rnf h t pm;
t&ufzdk;(em;vnfr_a=u;) taejzifhom &&SdcHpm;ae=u&ayonf? xkdif;EdkifiH. ,mOfpnf;urf; vrf;pnf;urf; Oya'
(BE-2535/ AD- 1992)t&
)t& armfawmf,mOfwkdufcH&I toufqHk;&H_;v#if tr_jzpfyGm; yHkESifh oufaotaxmuftxm;
ckdifvHkr_udk axmuf&_I avsmfa=u;aiG bwf 1 odef;rS bwf 10 odef;txd cHpm;ydkifcGifh&Sdonf[k jyXmef;xm;aomfvnf;
jref r ma&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;rsm;ES i f h ,if ; wd k @ . rd o m;pk 0 if r sm;twG u f r S m rl touf z k d ; xuf xk d i f ; bwf aiG
aomif ; *%ef ; r#om avsmf a =u;&&S d a om taetxm; (t&uf z d k ; om) jzpf a e=uayonf ?
ta=umif;a=umif;aom ta=umif;a=umif;rsm;a=umifh rdrdwkdif;jynf r[kwfyJ tESdrfcHb0/ tzdESdyfcHb0/ eif;jym;
b0a&muf ae=uonf h w d k i f a tmif vl @ tcG i f h t a&;wpH k w &m&S d a eao;aom xk d i f ; Ed k i f i H w G i f ay;or#,l / au|;or#pm;
tae txm;jzifh tm%mydkifrsm;u =um;0ifnSdKEd_if;ay;aom em;vnfr_avsmfa=u; (t&ufzdk;)udkom vufcH=urnfavm?
od k @ wnf ; r[k w f y gu aiG a =u;xuf rd r d o d u Q m ES i f h &yf w nf c suf t wG u f owW d & S d & S d &if q k d i f & J a om xk d i f ; Oya'yg
toufzkd;&onf txd awmif;qdk=urnf avm [lIæ?

æ bmqdkbmrS r_yD;ekdifygæ?
æ?
*** jynfolrygæ
æ t&m&mæ
æ tc&mæ
æ t&m&mudk ajymif;vJekdifonfæ?
*** jynfoo
l nfomæ
æ?
*** cGet
f m;r#a0æ
h awGonfæ rvGrJ aoG/ jynfoal wGtwGuæ?
fæ?
æ 'dk w
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (2)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Ed0k ifbmv 2012

oDa&;oD&m = uAsmpmrsufEmS
taemufbuf wHcg; rS ESif;qDeDrsm;

( 1 )
teuf & if h & if h urf ; yg; rS
teD q G w f q G w f ES i f ; qD a wG ² ²²
jrif h j rwf a om ajr
jrif h j rwf a om a&
jrif h j rwf a om vl r sd K ;twG u f
jrif h j rif h j rwf j rwf ed K if & mwm0ef x rf ; =uwJ h
jrif h j rwf a om rsd K ;cspf r sm;²²²
[lwl eJ@ wGwfqD vdk
aoG ; qmqm &0rf ' g r[k w f
'g[m jref r m
yg%mwd y gwm b,f o l r S rusL;vG e f c sif a yr,f @
jid r f c H & if trsd K ;yg aysmuf r J h ta&;rS m
- if ay;cJ h a ygif ; vnf ; rsm;+yD
aemuf q H k ; ²²²
udk,fhapwD udk,fhykxdk;udk umuG,f=u
udk,fhtdrf udk,fhtdk;udk umuG,f=u
udk,fhtar udk,fhESrudk umuG,f=u
udk,fhajr udk,fha&udk umuG,f=u
w&m;aomppf q d k w m
ygwf 0 ef ; usif u owf r S w f w mr[k w f
igwd k @ &J @ ES v H k ; om;uom od = uwmjzpf w ,f ² ²²
( 2 )
'D r d k u a&pD [ m
igwd k Πtd r f u d k rD ; vm&_ d @ wJ h vl a wG q D u umuG , f a y;rvm;
vl o m;csif ; pmempd w f [ m
igwd k Πud k ta&cG m rJ h v l a wG q D r S m &S d o vm;
1942 / 1988 / 2012
[k w f y gw,f ² ²²

&G m vH k ; uG s wf t owf c H & wJ h
igwd k @ u ES d y f p uf o l a wG y g
taz tar a&S ΠrS m vl t k y f e J @ rk ' d e f ; usif h c H & wJ h
igwd k Πu vl r d k u f & d k i f ; awG yg
uvd r f a ph +id r f ; qif rid k w wf w J h
igwd k Πu vl = urf ; awG y g
cuf w mu igwd k Œ rS m OBC vnf ; r&S d ² ²²
pD ; yG m ;a&;u uk e f ; aumuf p &mr&S d a tmif rG J j ymus
vl r _ a &;rS m wd k i f ; wyg;om;awG u d k a=umuf a e&
igwd k Π[m 'k u Q [ l o rS s cg;pnf ; cH z d k ΠarG ; vmwJ h vl r sd K ;
aoa=u temw& az;rr,f h vl & S m ;
qmavmif i wf j ywf axmuf y H h r ,f h vl & S m ;
ud k , f t m; ud k , f u d k ; =u&wJ h b0rS m
uif r &ma&S Πid k j yaezd k Πtcsd e f r &S d
taemuf b uf w H c g;ud k vH k a tmif x d e f ; =u
igwd k Πtaemuf u nD t ud k r sm;ud k
wd k i f ; jcm; "g;rsm; r0J a p&²²²
( 3 )
igwd k ΠrS m }uD ; us,f c rf ; em; ord k i f ; rsm;&S d w ,f
igwd k ΠrS m &J 0 H h p G e f @ pm; om;aumif ; rsm;&S d w ,f
igwd k ΠrS m aoG ; raES m cJ h trsd K ;ppf p pf & S d w ,f
igwd k Π[m zuf q pf r [k w f emZ
emZDD r [k w f
ck c H u muG , f a &; omjzpf w J h y&d k w uf w mawG
bd k ; bG m ;tarG igwd k Πa&ajr ud k wzJ h r S ray;
urB m ra=uqd k + yD ; towf c H & yap²²²
pd w f ' k u Q q if ; &J r sm;
rD ; avmif j yif wp
touf a oG ; rsm; [m
vl r sd K ; bmom omoem aysmuf w mavmuf
r qd k ; 0g;²²²

rmCopPm

jref r mjynf o m; bavmh * f r S ae@pOf w if a om owif ;
tcsuf t vuf r sm;ud k aomif & if ; e*g;azh ( pf ) bk w f
( http:://www.thaungyinnagar.facebook))
wG i f v nf ; aumif ; / e*g;aomif & if ; wG p f w m
( http:://www.nagarthaungyin.twitter))
wG i f v nf ; aumif ; 0if a &muf z wf & _ e k d i f y gonf ?

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (3)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Ed0k ifbmv 2012

jrefrma&$ hajymif; odapa-umif;

ukvor*~. a&$@ajymif;tvkyform;rsm;qkdif&m jyXmef;csufrsm;
( 1 ) urB m h u k v or*~
Ed k i f i H w umnD v mcH } uD ;
((International
). a&$@ajymif;tvkyform;rsm;ESifh 4if;wdk@. rdom;pkrsm;qkdif&m
Convention).
jyXmef ; csuf q d k o nf r S m tb,f e nf ; æ´
TjyXmef ; csuf o nf 1990 ck E S p f 'D Z if b mv 18 &uf a e@wG i f urB m h uk v
or*~ r S twnf j yKcsrS w f c J h a om Ed k i f i H w umqd k i f & m w&m;0if p mcsKyf pmwrf ;
jzpf I a&$ $ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;rsm;ES i f h 4if ; wd k @ rd o m;pk r sm;. tcG i f h t a&;rsm;ud k
tumtuG , f a y;r_ yd k r d k & &S d v map&ef axmuf y H h u l n D o nf h tajccH u saom
tcsuf t vuf r sm;yg t}uH K ;0if y gonf ?
TjyXmef ; csuf o nf vuf & S d urB m h u k v or*~ vl @ tcG i f h t a&;qk d i f & m
w&m;0if p mcsKyf u d k tajccH + yD ; pD ; yG m ;a&;/ vl r _ a &;ES i f h ,Of a us;r_ t cG i f h ta&;
rsm;/ EdkifiHa&;ESifh EdkifiHom;rsm;qkdif&m tcGifhta&;rsm;/ vlom;trsKd;tEG,frsm; twGuf nDr#aom tcGifhta&;/ trsKd;orD;
rsm;. tcG i f h t a&;ES i f h uav; ol i ,f r sm;. tcG i f h t a&;rsm;ud k tao;pd w f wd u spG m azmf j yxm;ygonf ?
Tqd k y g jyXmef ; csuf o nf tjynf j ynf q k d i f & m tvk y f o rm;a&;&mtzG J @ csKyf ((ILO).
). jyXmef ; csuf r sm;/ txl ; ojzif h
a&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;rsm;ES i f h ywf o uf a om jyXmef ; csuf r sm;tay: Yvnf ; rl w nf x nf h o G i f ; oH k ; oyf x m;ygonf ?
( 2 ) jyXmef ; csuf w G i f a&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm; ((Migrant Worker)) ud k rnf u J h o d k @ t"d y` g ,f zG i f h q d k x m;ygoenf; æ´
a&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;qd k o nf r S m Ed k i f i H w pf E d k i f i H Y Ed k i f i H o m; (wk d i f ; &if ; om;) r[k w f y J vk y f t m;c (0if a iG ) &aom
vk y f i ef ; wck c k Y yg0if v k y f a qmif & ef & S d o l / yg0if v k y f u d k i f v suf & S d o l E S i f h yg0if v k y f a qmif c J h z l ; aom Ed k i f i H j cm;om; tvk y f o rm;ud k
ac:qd k y gonf ?
( 3 ) jyXmef ; csuf Y rnf o nf h tvk y f o rm;trsKd ; tpm;wd k @ onf a&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;rsm; jzpf o nf u d k rnf u J h o d k @ cG J j cm;
owf r S w f x m;ygoenf ; æ´
(u) e,f j cm;a'o tvk y f o rm;
4if ; wd k @ onf tjcm;Ed k i f i H w Ed k i f i H Y tvk y f v k y f a eaomf v nf ; td r f e D ; em;jcif ; Ed k i f i H w G i f wnf & S d a om rd r d . ae&yf o d k @
jyef o G m ;avh & S d y gonf ?
(c) &moD t vk d u f tvk y f v k y f u d k i f a om tvk y f o rm;
wk d i f ; wyg;od k @ wpf E S p f v #if wpH k w &maom &moD a &muf r S o m oG m ;a&muf t vk y f r vk y f a vh & S d o l (&moD t vk d u f
tvk y f o rm;) trsKd ; tpm;jzpf y gonf ?
(*) urf ; vG e f yif v ,f v k y f i ef ; qk d i f & m tvk y f o rm;
wkdif;wpfyg;. w&m;pD&ifydkifcGifh&Sdaom pnf;urf;Oya'e,fy,ftwGif; wnfaxmifxm;onfh vkyfief; (odk@) taqmuf
ttH k Y oG m ;a&muf t vk y f v k y f a om xd k E d k i f i H o m;r[k w f o l jzpf y gonf ?
(C) Ed k i f i H & yf j cm;Y tcsd e f y d k i f ; vS n f h v nf v k y f u d k i f a om tvk y f o rm;
vk y f i ef ; obm0t& wk d i f ; wyg;od k @ umvtcsd e f w d k c&D ; oG m ;vmvk y f u d k i f o l trsKd ; tpm;jzpf y gonf ?
(i) pD r H u d e f ; qk d i f & mtvk d u f Ed k i f i H j cm;wG i f vk y f u d k i f a omtvk y f o rm;
vkyfief;&Sif. cGifhjyKcsufa=umifh wkdif;wyg;odk@ uef@owfcsdeftwGif; 0ifa&mufI owfrSwfxm;aom pDrHudef;vkyfief;
(wck w nf ; ) Yom 0if a &muf v k y f u d k i f c G i f h &ol j zpf o nf ?
(p) Ed k i f i H & yf j cm;Y txl ; wm0ef j zif h tvk y f v k y f a om tvk y f o rm;
wd u spG m owf r S w f a y;tyf x m;aomtvk y f (od k @ ) wm0ef t ay:rl w nf I wk d i f ; wyg;wG i f wk d a wmif ; aom tcsd e f y d k i f ;
twG i f ; aexk d i f v k y f u d k i f c G i f h & S d o l txl ; u|rf ; usif o l / twwf y nm&S i f / tod y nm&S i f E S i f h pD ; yG m ;a&;u|rf ; usif o l trsKd ;
tpm;jzpf o nf ?
(q) Ed k i f i H & yf j cm;Y ud k , f w k d i f & S m azG tvk y f v k y f o nf h tvk y f o rm;
rnfonfhpmcsKyf cH0efcsufESifhr# rywfoufbJ rdrdoabmtavsmuf wkdif;wyg;wGif vGwfvyfpGm oGm;a&mufvkyf udkifolrsKd;jzpfonf?

rS D j irf ; ? ? ((FTUB)) rS bmomjyef x k w f a 0aom “uk v or*~ ” . a&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;qk d i f & m jyXmef ; csuf r sm;
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (4)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Ed0k ifbmv 2012

The Statements of UN for Migrant Workers.
Whats are the statements of UN for Migrant. It is one
of question for migrant workers. That statements declared
by the international Convention.
This statements issued and announced since 18 th
December 1990. This document has protected to the rights
of Migrant Labours and their families.
This documentary included economic. Social and
culture, political and human rights. Detail reveal shown to
woman rights and child rights.
1. Whats are migrant workers?
2. How many kinds of migrant workers.
No, 1 question.
It means a person who lives in Thailand, but not Thai nationality. He works
one of work site which get labour charges from there.
3. No, 2 qurstion.
There about 7 kinds of migrant workers.
I will describe and detail for them.
(a) Frontier worker.
They work at the neighbor country, but not settle their. Return to his or her
resident after working in job.
Example.
A person who comes from myawaddy and work in Thailand, but return to his
or her resident offer duty time.
Off course! They come morning and return evening.
(b) Seasonal workers.
Yearly regular come and do at the work site which is Limitation for that migrant.
Example.
In this country Thailand have so much sugarcane fields. I think the sugarcane
crop is important industrial crop in this country and when it has time to harvest at
start November to end of April. The migrants from myawaddy or other nearest
village come in Thai area and harvest the sugarcane crops.
They return back to their town or village after harvesting sugarcane crop.
Next year they regular came and do that field. Its means scrotal worker.
(c) Worker on an offshore installation.
They worked at the other country’s limit area which have great buildings, (or)
Offshore oil and gas fields worksite. They do not that country’s citizenship.
(d) Short term worker.
The Labour who was not permeated Labour of his country. But sometime
enter the other neighbor country and work there short term.
(e) Project- type worker.
Time limited enter the oversea countries with the perdition by the employer.
That worker can do only the limit work. Not permit more than one job.
(f)
Specified employment worker.
Probably technician, which they skillful in medicine or engineer or economies
also other subjects.
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (5)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Ed0k ifbmv 2012

Example.
Specialist doctors who were rented by other countries. Engineer who were
expert in construction, mine, textile or geologist. They all are technician and have
many chances to do oversea countries.
(g) Self- employed worker.
They have independence chance themselves. They can do freedom without
limitation and no need employer for them. Mostly of they are vendors who sell the
vegetables or fruits or grocer or meats or other odds and ends.
Many vendors enter the Mae Sot area from Burma which they across the
border. They are earning for money for their life. So, they do the work as they like or
as they skill. Sometimes they have been arrested by Thai police but they give fine to
police and continued their work.
** Mahar- Zaw **

vlxkusef;rma&; (tvkyfudk rem;raevkyfudkifvSsif ESvHk;a&m*g xdcdkufcHpm;&Edkif)
**Public Health**

tvk y f u d k rem;raevk y f u d k i f j cif ; od k @ r[k w f tcsd e f t uef @ towf r &S d v k y f u d k i f
jcif;rsm;onf ESvkH;a&m*gjzpfyGm;r_ wdk;jrihfap+yD; ¶kwfw&uf ESvHk;xdcdkufr_ jzpfyGm;um
touf q k H ; ¶_ H ; apEd k i f a =umif ; +Ad w d e f a q;buf q d k i f & m ok a woe ynm&S i f r sm;u
ajym=um;onf ? Oa&myEd k i f i H r sm;wG i f ok a woejyKcsuf (13) }ud r f j yK vk y f c J h & mrS
,if ; &v'f u d k a wG Π&S d c J h & a=umif ; / trsKd ; om; trsKd ; orD ; 200000 cef @ ud k ok a woe
jyKavh vmcJ h & m tvk y f y if y ef ; pG m rem;raevk y f ud k i f o l r sm;wG i f ES v H k ; ¶k w f w &uf
wd k u f c d k u f c H & r_ 2 3 &mcd k i f E _ e f ; yd k r d k j zpf y G m ;apa=umif ; awG Π&S d c J h o nf ? xk d @ twl ES v H k ;
a&m*gjzpf y G m ;ol trsKd ; om; trsKd ; orD ; rsm;wG i f tvk y f u d k r em;rae vk y f u d k i f w wf
ol rsm;jzpf + yD ; tvk y f w m0ef t rsm; tjym;ud k vk y f u d k i f a e=u&ol r sm; jzpf a ea=umif ; /
,if;wkd@wGif vkyfief;cGif 0ifaeonfh trsKd;om; trsKd;orD;rsm; jzpfa=umif; 4if;wdk@. okawoe jyKcsufY azmfjyxm;onf?
tqdkyg trsKd;om; trsKd;orD;rsm;teuf toufarG; 0rf;ausmif; twwfynmjzihf tvkyfvkyfudkif ae=uolrsm; trsm;tjym;
yg0if a eonf [ k vef ' ef w uU o d k v f r S ok a woe ynm&S i f r sm;u ajym=um;onf ? od k @ &mwG i f ,if ; wd k @ teuf vk y f i ef ; uG s rf ;
usif a om 0ef x rf ; rsm;vnf ; yg0if a =umif ; azmf j yxm;onf ? (tif w meuf )
pk p nf ; bmomjyef - armif c spf = unf

[m',ESvHk;- wc%+yHK;
aq;vd y f
reufydkif;qdk rJaqmuf+rdK@u
zd k ; xl ; vB u f & nf q k d i f r S m vl a wG
jynfhvsHaew,f? axmifhusus cHk
wpfcHk rSm awmh “ausmfb” wpf
a,muf w nf ; ? ol p d r f ; wpf
a,muf qk d i f x J 0 if vmw,f ?
xk d i f c H k t vG w f r &S d awmh b l ; ?
ausmf b cH k e m;vm+yD ; “'D r S m xk d i f v d k @ &rvm;”wJ h ? “vl a wmh
&w,f” “bmr&wmvJ” “ausmfb” jyefajymvdkuf wJhpum;

a=umif h ab;cH k u vl a wG [,f c eJ jzpf o G m ;&yH k u ? “cif A sm;
vuf x J u aq;vd y f a wmh ygvd k @ r&bl ; ud k , f h v l ” wJ h ?
bmvk y f & awmh r S m vJ
ausmif ; qif ; csd e f q d k q&m§r awG &H k ; cef ; rS m aemuf
ajymif ajym=up+rJ ? q&mrwpf O D ; u q&mwpf O D ; ud k “tck v d k
pdwfaumufwwfoludk rcspfawmhbl; rkef;w,f”wJh? tajymcH
vkduf&wJh q&majymvkdufwma=umifh q&m§r tm;vHk; 0g;vHk;
uG J & ,f = u&wJ h t jzpf u ? “aoyg+yD ol c spf w k e f ; u rod v d k f u f &
wm emw,fAsm? ckrkef;awmhrS od&awmh bmvkyfvdk@ &awmh
rS m vJ ” wJ h ?
ig;avmif ; +yd K if vl o wf r _ e J @ pd e f p D w J h n
oli,fcsif;wpfpk rJaqmuf+rdJ@u zdk;xl;vBuf&nfqkdifrSm
vB u f & nf aomuf = u&if ; awma&muf awmif a &muf a jym

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (6)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

=u&mu &ef u k e f + rd K @rS m jzpf y G m ;cJ h w J h ig;avmif ; +yd K if t r_ q D u d k
a&muf oG m ;=uw,f ? “armif w D ” u “td r f o m; ig;a,muf
vH k ; ud k aoewf e J @ &uf & uf p uf p uf ypf o wf o G m ;wm ab;
td r f a wG u rod v d k u f b l ; ”wJ h ? “armif a t;”u “b,f o d r vJ
toH w d w f wyf x m;wJ h aoewf o H k ; xm;wmud k ; ”wJ h ? “armif
pD”u “toH wdwfoHk;wm&,f 'Davmuf}uD;rm;&uf pufwJh
tr_ray:atmif zHk;ekdifwm&,fawGudkaxmuf&if owfoGm;wJh
vl a wG [ m omref v l &d k ; &d k ; xJ u r[k w f a vmuf b l ; ? pOf ; pm;
p&m”wJ h ? tJ ' D t csd e f r S m ab;cH k u vl w pf a ,muf & J @ pum;
a=umifh tm;vHk; rsufjzLqkdufoGm; &yHku “'g
qdk&if pdefpDwJh neJ@ qufpyfawG; =unfhvdkuf
=uprf ; yg ud k , f h vl w d k @ &,f ” wJ h ?
u,f r &bl ;
wpfcgu &Gmwpf&GmrSm OD;bdk;xD;&,f
vdk@ olqif;&J wpfOD;&Sdavw,f? OD;bdk;xD;crsm
emwm&Snf a&m*gjzpfvdk@ tdyf&mxJvJaewm
=umyg+yD ? 'D a e@n oef ; acgif , H r S m aorif ; u OD ; bd k ; xD ; ud k
vmac:w,f? OD;bdk;xD;rsufESmudk iHk@=unfhvkdufawmh a&S;b0
u a,muf z jzpf a ew,f ? tck r S jyef a wG @ =uvd k @ wpf O D ; ud k
wpfOD;zuf+yD; idk=uw,f? OD;bdk;xD;u “usaemfhudk rac:ygeJ@OD;
a,muf z ” qd k a wmh aorif ; u oabmwl w J h t jyif aq;jrpf
wpfjrpfyg vufaqmifay;cJh ao; w,f? aemufwpfESpfjynfhae@
vmac: r,f? igxdkifwJhzuf[m acgif;&if;jzpfae&if a,mufz
ao& vd r f h r ,f ? ajc&if ; zuf j zpf ae&if touf a b;u vG w f
vdrfhr,fvdk@vnf;rSmcJhao;w,f? OD;bdk;xD;vnf; aorif;ay;wJh
aq;jzpf e J @ aq;uk p m;vd k @ csrf ; csrf ; omom &S d v mw,f ?
raocsif a o;? aorif ; vmr,f h ae@u 'D a e@noef ; acgif , H
OD ; bd k ; xD ; vnf ; raoatmif }uH & w,f ? aorif ; uvnf ;
igh a ,muf z wpf o uf v H k ; qif ; qif ; &J & J e J @ aevmcJ h & w,f ?
ck c srf ; csrf ; omomae&wJ h c %av;rS m igrac:oif h a o; bl ; qd k
+yD;? igha,mufz raoatmif qdkum ajc&if;zuf uxkdif vdkuf
w,f ? igh a ,muf z aoab;uvG w f + yD a ygh ? acgif ; +rD ; +cH K xm;
wJhapmifudk “r”+yD;zGifhvdkufawmh aorif; “[m”ceJ jzpfoGm;
armif a usmf z d k ;

tcspfeJŒtcsdef
[d k ; a&S ; a&S ; wk e f ; u
Love qdkwJh aumif
rav;[m Felling
&,f / Richness
&,f/ Happiness
&,f / Sadness
&,fqdkwJh oli,fcsif;
awG e J @ twl a e xd k i f
owJ h ?

Ed0k ifbmv 2012

&wJ h t jzpf u ajc&if ; zuf v d k @ xd k i f w m acgif ; zuf j zpf a ew,f ?
“u,f r &awmh b l ; aoay awmh ” wJ h ?
b%f
acwf y suf r S m b%f a wG r_ d v k d a yguf + yD ; rd _ v d k a ysmuf
oG m ;wJ h tcsd e f u ol i ,f c sif ; wpf p k vB u f & nf a omuf = u&if ;
aomif ; ajymif ; ig;axmif ajym=u&mu t+id r f ; pm; OD ; zd k e J @
a':aiG ta=umif ; a&muf o G m ;=uw,f ? yxrvl u “OD ; zd k e J @
a':aiG r S m twd k ; rrS e f pd w f r cs&vd k @ ol @ wl q D u aiG (10)od e f ;
ud k r&ru awmif ; ,l + yD ; twd k ; vnf ; (4
(4%)) &w,f ?
b%fqdkawmh pdwfvnf;cs&w,fqdkwJh oabm
eJ@ tyfESHxm;wm tqifajyw,f? aiG wdk;u
olwdk@ ZeD;armifESH pm;rukef vSLekdif wef;Edkif
ao;w,f ” wJ h ? tjcm;wpf O D ; u “tck
cif A sm; rod a o;bl ; r[k w f v m;? b,f
tqifajyrvJ ol@wl qDrSmbJ cdkuyfpm; ae=u
&+yD?” usefwpfOD;u “usKyfvnf; t qifajy
=uw,f v d k @ yJ =um;w,f ? tck b ,f v d k jzpf o G m ;vd k @ vJ ? ”
vlawGtm;vHk; [mceJ jzpfoGm;&yHku “OD;zdk wdk@tyf ESHxm;wJh
b%fu a'0gvDcHoGm;vdk@ twdk;rajymeJ@ t&if; ygjyKwfoGm;+yD
udk,fhvlwdk@&,f”wJh?
o&J
armif a 0rS m rsuf E S m wpf j crf ; u taumif ; / usef w pf
jcrf ; urnf ; +yD ; ta&jym;xl a ew,f ? tarG ; awG v nf ; xl x l
xJ x J a yguf a eao;w,f ? t&G , f a &muf v mwJ h armif a 0 [m
ol w d k @ +rd K @&J @ vl * k % f w ef a':a&$ o rD ; ud k ck d ; ajy;avawmh /
a':a&$u “o&J ighorD;udk cdk;ajy;w,f a[h? orD;udk tarGr
uvdk@ aqGcef;rsKd;cef;yg jzwfw,f? o&JeJ@rS nm;wJh[mr&,f”
vdk@ 7 tdrf=um; 8 tdrf=um;atmif 3 &ufqufwkduf atmf+yD;
idkavw,f? wpfESpfavmuf=umawmh atmifa0wdk@ rSm uav;
arG;vmw,f? 0gu|wfvdk@ rdbtdrfudk uefawmhvm =uawmh?
vlawGu a':a&$uawmh uav;udk o&Jav; (odk@) o&Jom;
av;vd k @ ac:rS m aocsmw,f v d k @ xif x m;=uw,f ? 'gayr,f h
a':a&$ a c:vk d u f y H k u “vmyg igh a jr;av; cspf p &m awmf ” wJ h ?
( JACBA )

wpfae@awmh Love [m olrtwGuf rnfolomvSsif
Love &JŒwefzdk;eJ@ xdkufwef ovJ vdk@ pOf;pm;rdowJh?
tJ ' gud k taumif t xnf a zmf c sif w meJ @ trS s Love
u vnf ; ol r &J Πol i ,f c sif ; awG u d k ar;owJ h ?
tJ'Dtcg Richness uvnf; olonfvSsif Love
&JΠt"dy`m,fudk tvSyqHk; zefwD; EdkifwJhol vdk@ ol&JΠpnf;pdrf
awG e J @ jzm;a,mif ; ajymqd k o wJ h ?
Happiness uvnf; olomvSsif Love &JΠb0
wpf a vS s muf v H k ; ud k om,mrS K awG / pd w f c srf ; omrS K awG trsm;
qH k ; ay;Ed k i f o l jzpf a pr,f v d k @ ajymjyef o wJ h ?
Sadness uvnf ; ol e J ΠomwG J v d k u f & if trsm;
ol[m pdwfxJrSm oem;pdwfawG 0ifvmr,f/ 0rf;enf;rSK awG

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (7)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

ygvmr,f / tJ ' D t cg Love &J Πt"d y ` m ,f [mvnf ;
yd k + yD ; av;euf + yD ; cH p m;csuf y gapr,f v d k @ ajymjyef o wJ h ?
Love u b,fol@udk a&G;cs,f &rvJvdk@ Feeling
ud k a r;wJ h t cg? Feeling u wpf a ,muf a jymwd k i f ; ajymwJ h
wpf a ,muf c sif ; pD t ay: trsd K ;rsd K ;ajymif ; vJ + yD ; wd u swJ h t
ajz&,f v d k @ ray;Ed k i f j yef b l ; ?
tJ'Dtcg Love u b,fol@udk a&G;&rvJvdk@ pdwf&SKyf
aeowJ h ? aemuf q H k ; awmh Love [m c&D ;
xGufzdk@ pdwful;rdwJh tcg olr &JΠoli,fcsif;
awG u d k tazmf v d k u f z d k @ ac:owJ h ?
yxrqH k ; Richness ud k tazmf a c:
owJh Richness u olu 'Dae&muae xGuf
cG m oG m ;vd k @ rjzpf b l ; wJ h ? ol @ &J ΠpD ; yG m ;a&;
a=umif h Richness [m Love ac:&m
aemufudk rvdkufEdkifbl;av? 'gayr,fh Love
udkawmh roGm;yJ ol@em; rSmaezdk@ wm;jrpfowJh?
Love [m 'kwd, wpfa,mufjzpfwJh Happiness
uk d ac: jyef o wJ h ? tJ ' D t cg Happiness uvnf ; ol u
t+rJ a ysmf a ecsif w m aysmf p &mae&mawG u d k y J vd k u f + yD ;
&Smcsifwm? Love eJ@aysmfovdk wjcm;ta=umif;t&mawGeJŒ
vnf ; aysmf w ,f Love &J Πc&D ; wpf a vS s muf v H k ; ud k a wmh
vd k u f z d k @ qd k w m rjzpf E d k i f b l ; vd k @ jiif ; jyef o wJ h ?
Love [m 0rf;enf;rdoGm;w,f? tJ'Dtcg 0rf;enf;yl
aqG ; aewwf w J h Sadness ud k vd k u f & S m +yD ; &if z G i f h o wJ h ?
aemufqHk;awmh Love [m ol@&J@ cHpm;csufudk em;vnfay;
wwf o l [ m Sadness vd k @ ,l q owJ h ? aemuf a wmh
Sadness udk ol@c&D;udk vdkufzdk@ ac:wJhtcg tJ'DtcsdefrSm
awmh Sadness [m yd k + yD ; 0rf ; enf ; wJ h o&k y f a y:vG i f w J h
rsufESmab;eJ@ Love &,f igawmif; yefygw,f? igu e*dku
wnf ; u yl a qG ; aewwf w m eif h v nf ; tck 0rf ; enf ; aewJ h
tcsdefrSm igwdk@twloGm;wJh c&D;[m ysif;p&maumif;ygw,f?
tJ v d k y J iguvnf ; at;at;aq;aq;yJ a=uuG J c sif a ewm
c&D ; rxG u f csif a o;bl ; vd k @ vS v S yy jiif ; qd k v d k u f j yef w ,f ?

vufoef;aA'if
vuf o ef ; tqpf u av; 3 qpf & J h
t&Snftwdkudk =unfh+yD; aA'ifa[m =unfh=u
&atmif? a,mufsm;av;qdk “b,f” vufudk
=unf h / rd e f ; uav;qd k “nm” vuf u d k = unf h
&rS m aemf ?
(1)vuf o ef ; av;&J h yxrtqpf [ m
t&SnfqHk;jzpf aecJh r,fqdk&if-'Dvdk vufoef;
yd k i f & S i f [ m tcsd e f w d k i f ; rS m qG J a qmif r _ t m;
tjynf h & d S ol j zpf + yD ; / tajymaumif ; ol r sm;

Ed0k ifbmv 2012

Feeling udk ac:zd@k Love u qH;k jzwfwhJ Feeling uvnf;
olu rnfoleJ@rqdk tqifajy wJhta=umif; Richness u
vnf ; ol @ ud k tvd k & S d a =umif ; / Sadness uvnf ; ol r ud k
tvd k & S d a =umif ; / Happiness uvnf ; t+rJ a c:ae owJ h
'gha=umifh wpfvSnfhpDaer,fvd@kajymwJhtcg Love u tajc
tae rSefudk em;vnfoGm;+yD; olwpfa,mufwnf; c&D; xGuf
vmowJ h ?
'D v d k e J @
vrf ; wpf 0 uf a &muf w J h t cg
Knowledge eJ @ vrf ; rS m oG m ;awG ΠowJ h ?
Love [m ol @ &J Πrd w f a qG a wG [ m ol @ ud k
OayuQm jyKw,f/ b,folurS vdkufrvm=ubl;
vdk@ &ifzGifh owJh? tJ'Dtcg Knowledge u
aocsmpdkuf=unfh+yD; r[kwfbl; Love rif;vrf;
wpf a vS s muf tazmf r rJ h c h J y gbl ; wJ h ? tJ v d k a jymwJ h
tcg Love u a=umiftrf;trf;eJ@ usr tazmf
rrJhcJhbl;[kwfvm; vdk@jyefar;wJhtcg rif;ab;rSm
Time u t+rJ u yf y gvmw,f av vd k @ ajzvd k u f o wJ h ?
Love uvnf; Knowledge ajymrS ab; bD udk
=unfhrdwJhtcg ab;em;u Time udk owdxm;rdowJh? 'geJ@yJ
Love u Time ud k a wmif ; yef o wJ h ? usrol i ,f c sif ; awG
awmif usraemufudk rvdkufbl; Time u bmha=umifh vdkuf
vm&ovJ v d k @ ar;awmh ?
Time u omvSsif Love &JΠt"dy`m,fudk tem;
vnf q H k ; / Time uom Love ud k wnf + id r f & mt&yf o d k @
ac:aqmifoGm;EdkifqHk;eJ@ Love &JΠwefzdk;/ Love &JΠwefckd;udk
tjrifhrm;qHk; jzpfatmif aqmif&GufEdkifolygvdk@ &J&J0Hh0Hh [pfa=uG;
owJ h ? tJ ' D t cgrS m awmh Love [m ol @ &J ΠcH p m;csuf ud k
tem;vnfqHk; olr. ab;rSm t+rJ&yfwnfoltjzpfeJ@ Love
qd k w J h rd e f ; uav;[m Time &J Πac:aqmif & m c&D ; wpf
avS s muf wjznf ; jznf h & if h u suf w nf + id r f v d k @ toG i f t rsd K ;rsd K ;
ajymif ; +yD ; Love qd k w J h t"d y ` m ,f u d k aumif ; aumif ; azmf
n$ e f ; wwf o G m ;ygwJ h ?
**Ruby Mirror**
jzpf w wf y g w,f / tuif ; yg;+yD ; vl u J c wf a wmf w m a=umif h
tvG , f w ul vl v d r f r cH & Ed k i f y gbl ; wJ h ?
(2) vuf o ef ; av;&J @ 'k w d , tqpf om t&S n f q H k ;
jzpf c J h r ,f q d k &if a wmh - 'D v d k vuf o ef ; yd k i f & S i f
rsm;[m ol w yg;ud k u&k % mtjynf h e J @ jyKpk , k
,wJh ynmudkarG;&myg wwfajrmufcJhwJh olrsdK;
awG j zpf y gowJ h - 'gh t jyif ol w d k @ [m wzuf
om;udkvnf; tifrwef pdwf&Snfonf; cHwwf
=u w,f w J h / 'D v d k vuf o ef ; yd k i f & S i f r sd K ;ud k
aq;buf q d k i f & m yk * ~ d K vf r sm;eJ @ usef ; rma&;
Xme0ef x rf ; rsm;rS m
tawG Π&rsm;wwf y g
w,f w J h ?

ÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚ

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (8)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

(3) vufoef;av;&Jh atmufqHk;tqpfom t&SnfqHk;
jzpfcJhr,fqdk&ifawmh- 'Dvdk vufoef; ydkif&Sifrsm;uawmh vGwf
vyf r _ u d k tif r wef E S p f o uf o l r sm;jzpf w wf = u+yD ; / vl @ b0&J h
tcsKyftcs,fr&dS vGwfvyfwJh t&omudk aumif;aumif;}uD;
cH p m; wwf o l r sm;jzpf = uygw,f w J h / 'D v uf o ef ; yd k i f & S i f r sm;[m
ta[mtajymydkif;qdkif&mrSm yg&rDxl;uJ=u+yD;/ trSefw&m;udk
jrwf E d k ; wef z d k ; xm;wwf = uygw,f w J h ?
(4) vufoef;av;&Jh tay:qHk;tqpf[m twdkqHk;jzpf
cJ h r ,f q d k & if - 'D v d k v uf o ef ; yd k i f & S i f a wG uawmh arG ; &myg
t&S u f t a=umuf } uD ; ol r sm; jzpf w wf = u+yD ; / t&m&mud k
xk w f a z:ajym =um;wwf j cif ; rsd K ;r&d S y J tpOf t +rJ pd w f x J w G i f
+rdKodyfxm;avh&dS wwf=uw,f(tHk@ykef;vdk@ ajymvdk@&r,fxifyg
w,f ) - 'D v d k vuf o ef ; yd k i f & S i f t rsm;pk u awmh uH r aumif ;
wwf = uygbl ; wJ h ?
(5) vuf o ef ; av;&J @ 'k w d , tqpf u om twd k q H k ;
jzpf c J h r ,f q d k & if a wmh - 'D v d k v uf o ef ; yd k i f & S i f r sd K ;uawmh

Ed0k ifbmv 2012

tif r wef opP m &S d w wf ol r sm;jzpf wwf = u+yD ; / rmeaxmif
v$m; jcif;uif;rJhum t+rJESdrfhcs qufqHwwf=uwJh olrsdK;jzpf=u
w,f wJh/ aemuf+yD; olwdk@[m tifrwefvnf; acgif; rmwwf
=uaoma=umifh trSm;trSef cGJjcm;em;rvnfEdkifyJ rdkuf&l;&Jqef
wwf = uygw,f w J h ?
(6)vuf o ef ; &J @ atmuf q H k ; tqpf u om twd k q H k ;
jzpf a ecJ h r ,f q d k & if a wmh - 'D v d k vuf o ef ; yd k i f & S i f rsd K ;uawmh
arG;&myg &dk;vGef;/ at;vGef;/ jzLpifwwfvGef;olrsm;jzpf=ujyD;/
olwyg;tay:rSmvnf; tifrwef t,HkvG,fvGef;/ taumif;
jrif w wf v G e f ; ol r sm;jzpf y gw,f / wu,f a wmh &d k ; vG e f ;
at;vG e f ; w,f q d k w m aumif ; w,f q d k a yrJ h ck a cwf r S m awmh
Oyrm pD ; yG g ;a&; e,f y ,f t aeeJ h ajymr,f q d k & if vl v nf /
vl v d r f a wG aygrsm;ae+yD j zpf w J h t wG u f &d k ; vG e f ; / at;vG e f ;
ol r sm;twG u f a wmh tvG , f w ul tvd r f c H & Ed k i f y ga=umif ; ²²?
by Moenge Aung
vl A d k v f

tem*wfwdkif;jynf. tjyKoabmaqmifaom tajymif;tvJrsm; jzpfvmEdkifrvm;
urB m h E d k i f i H toD ; oD ; onf taumif; zufudk OD;wnfrnfvm;/ odk@wnf;r[kwf tqdk;zuf
vuf0J vuf,m tm;+ydKif ud k oG m ;aeonf h ajcvS r f ; rsm;vm;[k urB m h E d k i f i H a &;tod k i f ;
r_ r sm;tpm; wnf + id r f t0ef ; tjyif jref r mh t wd k u f t cH a vmursm;Y us,f u s,f
aom Ed k i f i H a &;pepf u d k avmifavmif wpfrsdK;/ wdk;wdk;wdwfwdwf wpfzHk toHrsdK;pHk=um;
wnfaqmuf+yD; yGifh vif; ae&ayonf? vuf&dS EdkifiHa&; jyKjyifajymif;vJr_onf ESpfaygif;
jrif o maom pD ; yG m ;a&;rl r sm; csrS w f u m vl x k a umif ; usd K ;ud k (20) ausmf a&S@rwdk;om aemufrqkwfom jzpfaeaom jrefrmh
aqmif&Gufvsuf&dS ayonf? EdkifiHwpfEdkifiHtaejzifh acwfpepf Ed k i f i H a &; tajctaerS jref r mh ' D r d k u a&pD a cgif ; aqmif
tquf q uf w G i f jzwf o ef ; cJ h a om ord k i f ; rsm;rS oif c ef ; pm a':atmif q ef ; pk = unf tygt0if twd k u f t cH t if t m;pk r sm;
rsm;&,l + yD ; twW t usd K ;xuf wd k i f ; jynf . tusd K ;pD ; yG m ;/ u awmif;qdkaeaom awG@qHkaqG;aEG; tajz&Sma&;. ajcvSrf;
jynf o l j ynf o m;rsm;. tusd K ;pD ; yG m ;tm; &nf r S e f ; csuf } uD ; pG m opf r sm; jzpf I tjynf h t 0 tm;&auseyf r _ r&d S a pumrl
xm;&d S u m aemif v m aemuf o m;rsm;ud k aumif ; rG e f a om wdkif;jynfESifh vlrsdK;twGuf aumif;rGefaom tem*wftvm;
tarG t ES p f rsm;ay;Ed k i f & ef }ud K ;yrf ; aqmif & G u f = u&rnf [ k tvmrsm; jzpfEdkifacs&dSonf[k oHk;oyfxifjrif ,lqrdygonf?
xifjrif ,lqrdygonf? odk@&mwGif jrefrmjynfwGifrl vGwfvyf wdkif;jynf onf a&&SnfjynfwGif;ppfudk &yfwef@um ppfrSefaom
a&;&&d S c J h a om 1948ck E S p f r S p wif u m yk * ~ d K vf p J G / 0g'pJ G / *d k % f ; z,f ' &,f jynf a xmif p k o d k @ wnf a qmuf & ef vd k t yf o vd k
*%pJ G / tk y f p k p J G / vl r sd K ;pJ G / a'opJ G / bmompJ G paom tpJ G t wd k i f ; ol j ynf om;rsm;rS v nf ; wm0ef o d p d w f j zif h tzuf z uf r S
oD ; oD ; jzif h ,ae@wd k i f r +yD ; qH k ; ao;aom ppf y J G r sm; qif E J $ u m yH h y d k ; ul n D a p vd k o nf r S m b0ay;tod r S &&d S v maom qEN r S e f
wd k i f ; jynf E S i f h vl r sd K ;ud k qif ; &J j cif ; acsmuf e uf e uf x J o d k @ yifjzpfygonf? wdkif;jynfonf ppfrSefaom jynfwGif;+idrf;csrf;
uef c scJ h a yonf ? wd k i f ; cspf j ynf c spf pd w f " mwf j zif h Ad k v f c sKyf a&;ES i f h trsd K ;om;jyef v nf oif h j rwf a &;ud k jzpf a y:aponf h
atmif q ef ; rS zJ G @ pnf ; wnf a xmif c J h a om wyf r awmf o nf y if tjyif vl x k E S i f h w d k i f ; jynf u d k c|wf + cH K us rJ G a wqif ; &J j cif ; rS
vuf & d S j zpf a y:aeaom jynf w G i f ; ppf y J G r sm;rS w pf q if h ppf a &; &k e f ; xG u f & ef vd k v m;ygonf ?
qif E J $ & m wd k i f ; &if ; om;a'orsm;Y vl @ tcG i f h t a&; csd K ;azmuf wdkif;jynf. tem*wf jynfaxmifpk ESifh wdkif;&if;om; ta&;
r_rsm; &dSae&m vufwpfqkyfpm ,cif ppftm%m&Sif AdkvfcsKyf
wdkif;&if;om; aygif;pHk rDSwif;aexdkifaom jrefrmjynf
}uD ; rsm;ES i f h t wl ppf w yf o nf urB m h w H a wG ; cG u f w G i f yuf onf +id r f ; csrf ; om,m+yD ; acwf rD z G H @ +zd K ;wd k ; wuf v S s if
vufarsmcJh&ayonf? odk@&mwGif vuf&dSOD;odef;pdeftpdk;&onf a&mif p H k y ef ; rsd K ;pH k z l ; yG i f h v suf ta&mif t aoG ; pH k v d y f j ymrsm;
jyKjyif ajymif ; vJ a &;ud k twd k u f t cH v l x k a cgif ; aqmif ysH 0 J a eaom &k u Q a A'yef ; O,smOf } uD ; ES i f h tvm;o¾mef
a':atmifqef;pk=unfESifh yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufvsuf &dSjcif;onf wlrnf[k ,lqrdygonf? odk haomf jynfwGif; ppfjzpfaeaom
ÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚ

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (9)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Ed0k ifbmv 2012

jref r mjynf w G i f jref r m wd k i f ; &if ; ol wd k i f ; &if ; om;'k u Q o nf aqmifrsm;/ 'Drdkua&pDtiftm; pkrS wwfod ynm&Sif rsm;jzifh
aygif ; rsm;pG m onf td k ; ypf td r f y pf x G u f a jy; aer_ r sm;ES i f h tem*wf w G i f wnf a qmuf r nf h z,f ' &,f j ynf a xmif p k tyg
e,f p yf a 'o 'k u Q o nf p cef ; rsm;Y qif ; &J y if y ef ; }uD ; pG m t0if 2008 zJG@pnf;tkyfcsKyfyHk jyifqifa&;qJGa&;udk v$wf awmf
touf&Sifaexdkif ae&aom tjzpfonfvnf;aumif;/ wdkif; wG i f ; omru v$ w f a wmf j yif y Yvnf ; tqif h q if h vk y f i ef ;
jynf w G i f tvk y f t ud k i f &S m ;yg;r_ a =umif h wd k i f ; wyg;Y tvk y f pOf r sm;csrS w f u m vk y f a qmif o if h y gonf ? jref r mh o rd k i f ;
orm;tcGifhta&;rsm; qHk;&H_;um vkyfcenf;enf;jzifh uGsefcHae a=umif;rS twdwfoif cef;pmrsm; *syefjynfwGif 1941 ckESpfY
&aom jref r mtvk y f orm;rsm;tjzpf onf v nf ; aumif ; / AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;OD; aqmifaom &JabmfoHk; usdyfonf rlv
wdkif;jynf. yHk&dyfqdk;rsm; jzpfvsuf EdkifiH. EdkifiHa&;/ pD;yGm;a&; tpDtpOftwdkif; (3) v=umrSs ppfynmoif=um;cJh=u onf?
wGif jyKjyifajymif; vJr_rsm; tylwjyif; vdktyf aeayonf? xd k @ aemuf jref r mjynf w G i f ; od k @ jyef v nf 0 if a&muf u m wd k i f ;
xdk@a=umifh wdkif;&if;om;vufeufudkiftzJG@ tpnf;rsm;rS jynf jynfudk e,fcsJ hpepfqdk;jzifh rw&m; tkyfcsKyf aeonfh t*Fvdyf
wG i f ; +id r f ; csrf ; a&;/ trd s K;om;jyef v nf oif h j rwf a &;ES i f h tpd k ; &tm; *syef r sm;ES i f h t wl yl ; aygif ; wd k u f c d k u f v suf
zuf ' &,f j ynf a xmif p k wnf a qmuf a &;wd k @ ud k vuf & d S &ef u k e f + rd K @ud k od r f ; yd k u f E d k i f & H k r u t*F v d y f w d k @ td E N d , od k @ qk w f
OD ; od e f ; pd e f tpd k ; &ES i f h nd S E d _ i f ; aqmif & G u f v suf & d S a=umif ; cG m &m vrf ; a=umif ; wpf a vsmuf vd k u f v H w d k u f cd k u f r _ r sm;&d S
owif ; rsm;xG u f ay:vsuf & d S & m +id r f ; csrf ; a&;ud k cspf j rwf E d k ; cJhayonf? xdkuJhodk@ bDtdkifat (Armh vGwfvyfa&; wyfrawmf)
aom jrefrmjynfolvlxk wpf&yfvHk;rS txl;pdwf0ifpm;vsuf onf jref r mjynf w G i f ; od k @ ppf q if a&;qif E J $ & m vrf ; a=umif ;
&d S y gonf ? orR w ¶H k ; 0ef } uD ; Xme jynf a xmif p k 0 ef } uD ; wpf a vsmuf w G i f ppf w yf x J o d k @ 0if a&muf v m aom jref r m
OD ; atmif r if ; Eê i f h 'D r d k u a&pD rd w f a qG y gwD rsm; Ek d 0 if b m 3 jynf o l j ynf o m;rsm;pG m &d S c J h a yonf ? xd k o d k @ wyf r awmf x J o d k @
&ufae@u &efukef+rdKŒ/ a&$vDvrf; &êd Peace Center wGif 0if a &muf c J h o l r sm;wG i f wpf c sd K @onf pmud k y if aumif ; pG m r
awG @ qH k u m jynf w G i f ; +id r f ; csrf ; a&; ud p P r sm;Eê i f h &cd k i f t a&; wwf = uay? xd k @ a=umif h ppf o if w ef ; ay;&mwG i f b,f n m/
udpPrsm;udk awGŒqHkaqG;aEG;r_rsm; jyKvkyfcJha=umif; od&onf? b,fnm[k ppfoifwef;ay;&rnfhtpm; ajc axmufwpfzuf
,if ; awG ΠqH k y G J w G i f wk d i f ; &if ; om;rsm; awmif ; qk d a eaom zuf Y aumuf & d k ; csnf + yD ; wjcm;wpf z uf Y jruf u d k csnf x m;um
b,f n mtpm; aumuf & d k ; ajcaxmuf jruf
'&,f r l u d p P / jynf e ,f r sm;tjyif wk d i f ; a'o
ajcaxmuf [ k ppf o if w ef ; ay;cJ h & ay onf ?
}uD ; tpk d ; &rsm;od k @ yg0gcG J a 0ay;a&;/ a'o
xdkodk@aom ynmrwwfolrsm;pGm jzifhzJG@pnf;
o,H Z mwrsm;rê tusd K ;tjrwf r sm;ud k jyef
cJ h a om Armh v G w f v yf a &; wyf r awmf o nf
vnf c G J a 0ay;a&;/ &ck d i f j ynf e ,f t a&;Eê i f h
yxrwGif &efukefodrf; wdkufyJGudk vkyfaqmif+yD;
tjcm;wkdif;&if;om; ta&;udpPrsm; aqG;aEG;
cJ h = ua=umif ; od & onf ? 0ef } uD ; OD ; atmif r if ; u aqG ; aEG ; cJ h aemuf r S t*F v d y f w d k @ td E N d , od k @ qk w f c G m &m vrf ; a=umif ;
&mwG i f zuf ' &,f q k d o nf r ê m tk y f c sKyf a &;tm%mtcsd K Œud k wpf a vsmuf vd k u f v H w d k u f c d k u f c J h = uayonf ? Ad k v f c sKyf
A[d k u ud k i f + yD ; tcsd K Œud k jynf e ,f u ud k i f o nf [ k Oxford atmif q ef ; tygt0if Ad k v f c sKyf a usmf a Zmwd k @ onf xd k t csd e f Y
Dictionary wGif t"dy`g,f zGifhqdkxm;a=umif;/ ,if;rêm Power &ef u k e f w G i f ppf a &;ud p P r sm;jzif h tvk y f r sm;aecJ h a yonf ?
sharing yifjzpfa=umif;/ qdkvdkonfrêm &êrf;jynfe,fudk &êrf;u xd k @ a=umif h t*F v d y f w d k @ ES i f h wd k u f c d k u f a om jrpf 0 uG s ef ; ay:
tk y f c sKyf & rnf / u&if j ynf e ,f u d k u&if t k y f c sKyf & rnf j zpf + yD ; ppf y J G r sm;wG i f ppf a &;/ Ed k i f i H a &; enf ; y&d , m,f u d k em;rvnf
tajccHOya'Eêifh nD&rnfjzpfa=umif;/ zGJŒpnf;yHk tajccHOya' aom ynmr wwfonfh ppfom;rsm;a=umifh aoG;acsmif;pD;rSs
ud k r}ud K uf y gu jyif E d k i f o nf h tajctae ay;xm;+yD ; jzpf aoa=ur_ rsm;ordkif;wGif jzpfyGm;cJha=umif; AdkvfcsKyfausmaZm
a=umif ; ajym=um;cJ h o nf ? 1947 wG i f usif ; yjyKvk y f c J h o nf h a&;om;onf h ol @ vd k v l p mtk y f w G i f azmf j yxm;ayonf ?
yif v H k nD v mcH o nf jref r mjynf t m; e,f c sJ @ t*F v d y f v uf xdktcsdefwGif t*Fvdyfppf wyfwGif u&ifwdkif;&if;om; trsm;
atmuf r S vG w f a jrmuf & ef tvG e f t a&;yg onf o mru tjym;onfvnf; tr_xrf;vsuf &dScJhayonf? jzpfyHkrSm jrefrmh
jynf e ,f E S i f h jynf rtm; cJ G j cm;tk y f c sKyf a &;ud k vd k v m;onf h vG w f v yf a &; wyf r awmf r S *syef E S i f h y l ; wJ G + yD ; t*F v d y f t m;
+Ad w d o S s tpd k ; &tm; wd k i f ; &if ; om; pnf ; vH k ; nD nG w f a &;tm; wd k u f c d k u f c sd e f w G i f t*F v d y f p pf w yf o nf jref r mjynf r S qk w f
jyoEd k i f & ef yif v H k p mcsKyf u d k csKyf q d k E d k i f r _ o nf ord k i f ; wG i f cG m &m vuf e uf t rsm;tjym;ud k u&if w d k i f ; &if ; om;rsm;tm;
tvGefta&; ygcJhonfrSm tm;vHk;todyifjzpfyg onf? tpdk;& ay;xm;cJ h + yD ; t*F v d y f w d k @ rS jref r mjynf u d k jyef v nf o d r f ; yd k u f
taejzif h ucsif t ygt0if vuf e uf u d k i f wd k i f ; &if ; om;tzJ G @ &efjyefvmrnf[k u&ifwdkif;&if;om;wdk@udk uwdjyKcJhayonf?
rsm;. awG @ qH k a qG ; aEG ; t ajz&S m jcif ; ud k }ud r f z ef rsm;pG m jyK xdk@a=umifh ynmrwwfaom jrefrmhvGwfvyfa&; wyfrawmfrS
vkyf,Hkru ordkif;wGiftxif t&Sm;&dScJhaom yifvHknDvm cHvdk ppf o m;rsm;onf *syef r sm;ES i f h w J G v suf u&if w d k i f ; &if ; om;
tcif;tusif;udk vuf&dStpdk; &rSzefwD;um jynf wGif; jynfy trsm;pk rsm;yg0ifonfh t*FvdyfppfwyfESifh wdkufyJGrsm; jzpfyGm;
wdkif;&if;om;acgif;aqmifrsm;/ EdkifiHa&;yg wDrSEdkifiHa&; acgif; um u&ifwdkif;&if;om;ESifh jrefrmrsm; trsm;tjym; aoa=u
ÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚ

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (10)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

cJhonfh tjzpf tysufrsm; ordkif;wGif trSefwpfu,f jzpfysuf
cJ h a yonf ? xd k @ a=umif h yif v H k p mcsKyf u d k vuf r S w f x d k ; &mwG i f
u&if r S rygcJ h & H k r u jref r mjynf vG w f v yf a &;&onf h 1948
wG i f u&if r S vuf e uf u d k i f a wmf v S e f a &;ud k pwif q if E J $ c J h a y
onf ? twd w f u mvwk e f ; uvnf ; *syef E S i f h t*F v d y f w d k h r S
jrefrmwdkif; &if;om;vlrsdK;tcsif;csif; cdkuf&ef jzpfatmif tdrf
=uufcsif; tdk;rJokwf cGyfcdkif;cJhum wdkif;jynf onf vlrsdK;a&;
rkef;wD;r_rsm; jzpfay: cJh+yD; wdkif;&if;om; pnf;vHk; nDnGwfa&;
+ydKuJGcJhbl; onf? xdk@jyif vGwfvyfa&;&+yD; 10 ESpfwm umv
(1948 rS 1958)wG i f v nf ; tpd k ; &ES i f h a&mif p H k o l y k e f r sm;
t=um; wd k u f y J G rsm;jzpf y G m ;vsuf wd k i f ; &if ; om;a'orsm;
tygt0if jynf e ,f jynf y Y wd k i f ; jynf . wd k ; wuf z G H @ +zd K ;a&;
ud p P & yf r sm;ud k wif ; jynf h usyf j ynf h rvk y f a qmif E d k i f c J h a y?
xdk@a=umifh 1962 wGif wdkif;jynf. r+idrfoufr_udk ta=umif;
jyum ppfwyf. tm%modfrf;jcif;udk cHcJh&ayonf? txufyg
tjzpf t ysuf ord k i f ; a=umif ; rS wpf w d k i f ; jynf vH k ; taejzif h
oif c ef ; pm&,l &rnf r S m atmuf a jcppf w yf . tajrmf t jrif
r&dSjcif;a=umifh rvdkvm;tyfyJ jrefrmjynfoljynf om;rsm;pGm
touf q H k ; &_ H ; cJ h & ayonf ? xd k h j yif ppf t m%m&S i f pepf u d k
wnf a qmuf j cif ; . tusd K ;quf j zif h a&&S n f j ynf w G i f ; ppf o nf
,ae@ wdkifawmuf avmifaeygonf? tvm;wlyif txufrS
wyf r awmf t &m &d S } uD ; rsm;. oabmqEN o nf rnf o d k @ yif
jzpfapumrl atmufajcppfwyfrS ,ae@ jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;udk
oabmrayguf y J xif & mpd k i f ; um ucsif a 'otygt0if wd k i f ;
&if ; om; vl r sd K ;rsm;aexd k i f & m &S r f ; jynf e ,f / u&if j ynf e ,f /
rG e f j ynf e ,f / &cd k i f j ynf e ,f w d k @ wG i f vl @ tcG i f h t a&;csd K ;azmuf
r_ r sm;&d S a =umif ; =um;od a e&ayonf ? wpf j cm;wpf z uf w G i f
jref r m jynf o nf a&&S n f j ynf wG i f ; ppf a =umif h Ed k i f i H w um.
vuf e uf rsm;a&mif ; 0,f & m aps;uG u f } uD ; jzpf a e,H k r u oH , H
Zmw twG u f j zpf a p/ yx0D E d k i f i H a &;a=umif h j zpf a p w&k w f /
tar&dueftygt0if tiftm;}uD;EdkifiHrsm;. ppfa&; EdkifiHa&;
upm;uG i f ; jzpf v mEd k i f a cs&d S o nf u d k owd } uD ; pG m xm;&rS m
jzpfygonf? xdk@a=umifh wef;wlnDrSsa&;/ udk,fydkifjyXmef; ydkifcGifh
paom wdkif;&if;om;jy\emrsm;udk twdwfu vdk rajz&Sif;yJ
xm;jcif ; onf taumif ; xuf tqd k ; zuf u d k wd k i f ; jynf o nf
OD ; wnf a eonf [ k qd k E d _ i f a yonf ? a&&S n f j ynf wG i f ; ppf o nf

p=u0aw;rif;qk
[d k a &S ; a&S ; wk e f ; u aejynf
awmf t m%mpuf ra&muf E d k i f
wJ h ae&mrS m vl q d k ; ol c d k ; aw
av*syd k ; awG a ewJ h
tvG e f h
tvGefudk }uD;rm;wJh ae&mwck
&SdowJh? tJh'Dae&mrSm bk&ifr&Sd
wJhtcgusawmh ck%aumifawG

Ed0k ifbmv 2012

ppf t oH k ; pm;&d w f t jzpf wd k i f ; jynf u d k ta=uG ; xl ajym&H k r u
tpdk;&tygt0if wdkif;&if;om;jynfoljynfom;rsm;. touf
tdk;tdrfrsm;onf tqHk;t&H_;rsm;pGmjzifh ae@pOf &ifqdkif}uHKawG@
ae&ygonf? xdk hjyiftwdwfuvdk vlrsdK;a&; rkef;wD;r_ rsm;udk
jzpf a y:apEd k i f a =umif ; tjzpf t ysuf u ouf a ocH a e ygonf ?
tem*wf w d k i f ; jynf . tjyKoabm aqmif a om tajymif ;
tvJ r sm; jzpf v mEd k i f r vm;? xd k @ a=umif h wd k i f ; &if ; om;
vuf e uf u d k i f tk y f p k r sm;awmif ; qd k a eonf h wwd k i f ; jynf
vH k ; typf tcwf & yf p J a &;ud k vuf & S d t pd k ; &u w&m;0if a =u
jim&ygrnf ? aemuf + yD ; Ed k i f i H a &;jy\emud k Ed k i f i H a &;enf ;
vrf ; jzif h awG @ qH k a qG ; aEG ; tajz&S m Ed k i f r nf h / 'k w d , yif v H k n D v m
cHvdk EdkifiHa&;tcif;tusif;udk vuf&dS tpdk;&u aqmif&Guf
ay;&rSmyg? 'DvdkrS r[kwfyJ jynfolvlxk wpf&yfvHk;rS vdkvm;
onf h ppf r S e f a om jynf w G i f ; +id r f ; csrf ; a&;ud k vuf & d S t pd k ; &u
yH k a zmf w nf a qmuf r _ r &d S c J h & if nH h z sif ; aomtpd k ; &ud k ajymif ;
vJypfzdk@ 2015 a&G;aumufyJGrSm vlxkuvuf&dS trwftrsm;
qHk; }uHhzG H@ygwDudk rJray;yJ ae=uawmhrSm taotcsm jzpfyg
onf? b,fvdkenf;vrf;jzifh wdkif;jynfonf taumif;zufudk
oGm;rnfvm;/ tqdk;zufudk OD;wnfrnfvm;qdkonfrSm vuf&dS
tpd k ; &tygt0if twd k u f t cH t if t m;pk r sm;/ jynf o l jynf
om;tm;vH k ; wG i f wm0ef & d S y gonf ? xd k @ jyif tif t m;awmif h
wif ; aom ppf w yf E S i f h v$ w f a wmf r S m tom pD ; &aeaom
vuf & d S t pd k ; &ud k wnf h r wf x d e f ; ausmif ; ay;&ef r S m wd k i f ; &if ;
om; vl x k w pf & yf v H k ; pnf v H k ; nD n G w f a &;tygt0if / twd k u f
tcH 'Drdkua&pDtiftm;pkrsm; nDnGwfa&;onfvnf; txl;w
vnf v d k t yf a eygonf ? tb,f a =umif h q d k a omf 2015 a&G ;
aumufyJGrwdkifcif 2008 zJG@pnf;yHkt& wdkif;jynfr+idrf oufjzpf
atmif z ef w D ; Ijzpf a p/ ta=umif ; trsd K ;rsd K ;a=umif h jzpf a p
wyf r awmf o nf tm%mod r f ; +yD ; 1962 vd k ord k i f ; bD ; [m
tcsd e f r a&G ; wpf y wf v nf E d k i f a umif ; vnf E d k i f y gonf ? xd k @
a=umif h tem*wf w d k i f ; jynf . tjyKoabmaqmif a om
tajymif ; tvJ r sm; jzpf v mEd k i f r vm;qd k & m0,f vuf & d S
tpdk;&. 'Drdkua&pDusifhpOfESifh vlxkqENtay: av;pm;vdkuf
emr_ t ay: Y rsm;pG m rl w nf a eygonf ?
atmif c d k i f j rif h

tm;vH k ; aygif ; +yD ; bk & if w a,muf u d k a&G ; vd k u f = uawmh w m
aygh ? tJ h ' D v d k e J @ trd k u f q H k ; eJ @ n%f y nmr&S d q H k ; waumif u
bk & if j zpf v mygava&mh v m;? ol v nf ; bk & if j zpf a &m wwd k i f ;
jynf v H k ; rS m &S d w J h ypP n f ; rS e f o rS s ud k i g;rl ; eJ @ yJ a&mif ; cd k i f ; awmh
w,f ? ok [ mol tjyif r S m b,f a vmuf y J aps;rsm;rsm;
ol @ Ed k i f i H r S m awmh ig;rl ; yJ / wyG J u d k 800 usyf avmuf a ps;&S d w J h
xrif ; upm;ig;rl ; yJ ay;&w,f ? wae h r S m awmh a'oE W &
A[k o k w &S m zd k @ xG u f v mwJ h wuU o D v u q&meJ h o l @ &J h txl ;
c|ef q H k ; wynf h vnf & if ; ywf & if ; eJ @ tJ h ' D E d k i f i H a &muf v m=u
wmaygh? q&muawmh tJh'Da'oudk odyfoabmrawG@bl;aygh?

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (11)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

ol @ wynf h u awmh rw&m;oabmusw,f ? t&mtm;vH k ;
ig;rl;udkaemf? olŒrSm uydkufqH 8 odef; awmif ygvmwm qdk
awmh woufvHk; aevdk@&w,fvdk@ajym vdk@&wmaygh? jyefr,fh
tcsdefvnf;a&mufa&m wynfhjzpfwJhol urjyefcsif awmhbl;?
q&muajymw,f? 'DrSm ighwynfh pOf;pm;Om%f r&SdwJhol tkyf
csLyf w J h w d k i f ; jynf r S m raeoif h b l ; wd k @ bmwd k h a ygh a v? wynf h
uawmh usaemf u 'Dae&mrSmae&if woufvHk; xdkifpm;aevdk@
&w,f q&m}uD ; a& ynmoif w mu tJ h o vd k aezd k @ yJ a v?
wd k @ bmwd k @ ajym+yD ; awmh aecsif a =umif ; ud k xd k i f a jymaeawmh
q&mjzpfol vufavSsmh& wmayg?h q&mjyefcgeD; ol@wynfhudk
*gxmwyk ' f oif a y;vd k u f w ,f ? wynf h } uD ; a& wu,f v d k @
qif;&J 'kuQawG@ae&&if 'D*gxmudk wcg&Gwfvdkuf q&ma&muf
vm r,fvdk@ ajym+yD;awmh jyefoGm;ygava&m? wynhfuvnf;
[kwfuJhcifAsm;vdk@ajym+yD; tJh'DEdkifiHrSm aecJhawmhwmaygh? +yD;
awmh ig;rl ; wef tpm;tpmawG pm;&if ; eJ @ rw&m;}uD ; ud k
0vmw,f ? 0wmrS wu,f u d k t}uD ; tus,f 0vmwm?
w&ufrSmtJh 'DEdkifiHrSm olcdk;wa,muf aoqHk;oGm;w,f bm
vd k @ vnf ; qd k a wmh trwf c sLyf } uD ; &J @ aetd r f u d k
tk w f w H w d k i f ; tjyif b uf u ae+yD ; awmh ajrmif ;
azmuf + yD ; 0if w mtk w f w H w d k i f ; +yd K usvd k @ acgif ;
jym;+yD; aooGm;w,f? olcdk;&J@rdef;ru rauseyf
bl; bk&if}uD;udk oGm;wdkifw,f? “tdkb,fh a&&Sif
ajr&S i f +cH p nf ; &d k ; yd k i f & S i f b0&S i f trd k u f w um
xd y f a cgif ud k , f a wmf j rwf } uD ; bk & m; tu|ef
rsd K ;cspf v if rawmf r w&m; aoqH k ; jcif ; ud k
w&m;rS s wr_ &S d a pawmf r l y g? ol c d k ; rsm;r,m; au|;&ef
pD ; yG m ;&S m jcif ; omjzpf a yonf r&S d a oma=umif h cd k ; rd j cif ; ud k
tjypf[k rqdkoifhyg? t&Sifrif; }uD;bk&m;” qdk+yD; avSsmufxm;
w,f? bk&ifuvnf; w&m;rSs wr_qdkwm}uD;udk jrwfEdk;wwf
ovd k jzpf v mw,f ? tJ h ' geJ @ trwf c sLyf } uD ; ud k ao'%f a y;
vdkufw,f? ao'%fqdkwmu }udK;ay;owfapaygh? trwfcsKyf
}uD ; ut,l c H 0 if w ,f ? “t&S i f r if ; }uD ; xd k t jcif ; t&mrS m
yef ; &H q &mES i f h o m ouf q d k i f y gonf ”

Ed0k ifbmv 2012

rS m yH k r S e f o mjzpf y gonf td k ; }uD ; aeygaoma=umif h a&yd k
xnf h r d j cif ; jzpf y gonf ”
td k ; xd e f ; onf t m;ao'%f a y;ap/ ol u xyf a vS s muf
wif j yef w ,f “tu|ef v uf u yH k r S e f v uf y g cif n m; yH k r S e f t
wdkif;qdk&if a&tdk;}uD;p&m ta=umif;r&Sdygbl;? 'gayr,fh tJh'D
ae@u td k ; vk y f a ewk e f ; tif r wef a wmif h a jzmif h w J h trsd K ;orD ;
tu|ef a &S @ u c%c% jzwf o G m ;jzwf vmvk y f y gw,f ? xd k t
rsd K ;orD ; tm; ai;=unf h r d a oma=umif h td k ; }uD ; &jcif ; jzpf y g
onf ”
vmxm;/ jzwf a vS s muf a om xk d t rsd K ;orD ; tm; ao
'%f/ trsdK;orD;u xyfav#mufjyefw,f? “rSefvSyg u&k%m
}uD ; rm;vG e f ; +yD ; tpG e f ; a&muf r d k u f j cif ; w&m;jzif h Ed k i f i H a wmf u d k
om,m0 ajymvS a pol b0&S i f r if ; w&m;}uD ; &S i f tu|ef r sd K ;r
jzwf a v#muf j cif ; rS m 'd k b D t m; t0wf t yf xm;I av#mf + yD ; r
+yD; oGm;a&mufppfaq; jcif;om jzpfygonf? r+yD;aoma=umifh
t}ud r f } ud r f oG m ;ar;&jcif ; jzpf y gonf ”
'DvdkeJ@yJ 'dkbDudk vSrf;ac:vdkufw,f? bk&if}uD;
rd e f h a wmf rk l y H k u “armif r if ; toif t 0wf
tpm;udk tcsdefrSD ravSsmfzGwf Edkifaoma=umifh
xd k r d e f ; r t}ud r f } ud r f j zwf & avonf ? ai;rd
aom td k ; xd e f ; onf a =umif h xd k t d k ; onf e*d k
t&G , f tpm;xuf }uD ; rm;vmawmh o nf ?
a&jznf h a om vk v if u a&yd k j znf h r d a v&m
bd v yf a jr a&mpyf a omol u a&rsm;rsm;avmif ; I t*F h a w
aysmh o G m ; onf ? xd k @ a=umif h y if yef ; &H q &mwnf a qmuf a om
trwf c sLyf }uD ; aetd r f tk w f w H w d k i f ; +yd K usI ol c d k ; ao
qH k ; &avonf ”
“igud k , f a wmf j rwf . aocsmwd u saom quf p yf
awG;ac:r_a=umifh toifw&m;cHajy; rv$wfawmhacs? toif
.xif & S m ; }uD ; rm;vG e f ; vS a om jypf c suf t wG u f ao'%f ”

uH q d k ; csif a wmh }ud K ;uG i f ; u tao}uD ; / tav#mh t
'geJ h y ef ; &H q &m }ud K ;ay;cH v d k u f & a&myef ; &H u vnf ;
wif ; vk y f v d k @ r&bl ; ? 'd k b D u t&rf ; yd e f v G e f ; wJ h t cgusawmh
avS s muf j yef w ,f ? “rS e f v S y gbk & m; tu|ef E S i f h vm;vm;rS s b,f v d k r S pG y f v d k @ r&bl ; ?
ouf q d k i f j cif ; r&S d y g bd v yf a jra&mpyf o l tvk y f o rm;
toH k ; rusr_ a =umif h jzpf y gonf ”
bk&if}uD;u todn%f }uD;rm;pGmeJ@ rdef@awmfrlw,f?
“'Daumifhacgif;u rawmfbl;? awmfwJh aumifudk &atmif&Sm
bd v yf a jra&mpyf o l xd k t vk y f o rm;tm; ,ck c suf +yD ; }ud K ;ay;vd k u f a ygh ? ” 'D v d k e J @ rif ; csif ; wd k @ &S m vd k u f = uawmh
csif ; yif ao'%f a y;I w&m;rS s wr_ u d k w nf a qmuf t H h ? ck % u wynf h u av;ud k oG m ;awG @ w,f ? ol u t&rf ; 0ae
armif t vk y f o rm;uvnf ; avS s muf w if j yef w ,f ? “b0&S i f awmh }ud K ;uG i f ; eJ @ uG u f w d j zpf a ewmud k ; ? ol Œ ud k ao'%f c s
rif ; w&m;}uD ; cif A sm; a&xrf ; orm; a&yd k j znf h x m;aom vdkufa&m? wynfhu q&may;wJh *gxmudk ref;r_wfvdkufw,f
a=umif h j zpf y gonf ”
qd k & if y J q&m csuf c sif ; a&muf v mw,f ? q&mwynf h ES p f
a&xrf ; orm;tm;ao'%f / ol v nf ; racygbl ; ? a,mufu wa,mufudk wa,muf tcsuf jy+yD;}udK;uGif;xJ
avS s muf v d k u f w muawmh “t&S i f r if ; }uD ; tu|ef a &jznf h j cif ; ol0ifr,f ig0ifr,fvdk@ vkaevdkuf=uwmrS rowf&Hk wr,fyJ
vdk@udk xif&w,f? bk&if}uD;tHh=owmaygh? b,fhES,f “olrsm;
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (12)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

awGu aozdk@a=umufaewJh tcsdefrSm 'DESpfaumif}udK;uGif;udk
+ydKifvk ae&wmwkef;”vdkŒ bk&if}uD;u ar;vdkufwmaygh? bm
vdk@ vnf;ayghaemf? q&mu ajzw,f? “rSefvSyg w&m;ojzifh
avmuygv ewf r if ; tm;tpOf +yH K ;&$ i f a pawmf r l a omf td k
b,f h
ormorwf t &S i f r if ; }uD ; cif A sm;?
tu|ef u
wuUoDvmrS q&mwnf; aA'ifoHk;yHkudk t&nf}udK aomufcJhol
vnf; jzpfacsawmh onfwrHk? ,ae@ euQwf/ +*dKvf/ yufusdeSifh

Ed0k ifbmv 2012

acG;csD; wdk@. wnfae&mtm; aocsmwdkif;wmI ppfaq;=unfh
&m ,ae@ aoaomolonf rv$J{urkcstrSef p=u0aw;rif;
jzpf vwWH”/ odk@jzpfygI }udK;uGif;vkaejcif; jzpfygonf? bk&if
u tH}udwf+yD; a&S@wdk;vmw,f? “o,f²²² igudk,fawmf jrwf&Sd
&uf e J @ onf i rd k u f o m;awG p=um0aw;rif ; qk u d k ,l p &m
ta=umif ; r&S d eif w d k @ z,f = uuG , f ” vd k Œ rd e f @ awmf r l vd k u f y g
awmh w ,f ?
**Thuya Aye**

“uHaumif;vdk@ rao- oHacsmif;wdk@ taz”
jrefrmr_tpOftvm qdk&dk;pum;rsm;Y vl@uH=urRmESifh
pyf v sOf ; aom qd k & d k ; pum;trsKd ; rsKd ; &S d y g.? uH = urR m ud k
t*Fvdyfbmomjzifh ‘‘Fortune’ [kac:ygonf? “uHxrf;vm
wm rjrif & / vS H x rf ; vmwm jrif & ” [l I vnf ; aumif ; /
“uHr&Sd Om%f&Sdwkdif;rGJ” “uHudk,HkI ql;yHkreif;eJ@” “uHwltusKd;
ay;”ponf h ponf h ajrmuf r sm;pG m aom pum;yH k r sm;rS ,ck
usaemf ajymvdkaom ta=umif;t&mav;rSm rae@ wpfae@u
jzpfysufcJhaom jzpf&yfrSef rawmfwqr_av; jzpfygI pma&;ol
usaemfu “uHaumif;vdk@ rao oHacsmif;wdk@ taz”[k acgif;
pOf u av;ay;+yD ; pmzwf o l r sm; od a pzd k @ ajymjyvk d u f csif
wmuæ?
ae@&uf u +yD ; cJ h a om atmuf w d k
bmv 16 &uf 2012 ae@vnf 2 em&D
tcsd e f jzpf y gonf ? rJ a qmuf + rd K @ aqmuf
vk y f a&;vk y f i ef ; cG i f wpf a e&mrS m jzif h
jrefrma&$@ajymif;tvkyform; aqmufvkyf
a&; vkyfom;rsm; av;xyfwkdufwpfvHk;udk
aqmuf v k y f a eygonf ? aetvG e f y l o jzif h aqmuf v k y f a &;
tvk y f o rm;rsm; ac|;rsm;&$ J & $ J p d k a eaomf v nf ; armyef ; &rS e f ;
rod wm0ef a =ua=uaqmif & G u f a e=uyg.?
4if;wdk@txJrS “udkausmf0if;ekdif” 33 ESpfrSm vkyfief;udk
}uD;=uyfI aqmuf&Guf&aom acgif;aqmifjzpfojzifh av;xyf
wkduf tay:qHk;xyfrSaeI vkyfief;rsm;udk }uD;=uyf ckdif;apae
ckduf qifxm;aom jirf;rS ajcwvSrf;atmufodk@tqif; jirf;
jcnf x m;aom}ud K ;jywf c g opf w H k ; wpf w H k ; ud k tay:rS ypf c s
vk d u f o uJ h o d k @ csmvywf v nf + yD ; r[myx0D a jr}uD ; ay:od k @
“0k e f ; æ 'd k i f ; æ *G r f ; æ tif h ” toH a ygif ; rsm;pG m jzif h us+yD ;
owd a rh a rsmoG m ;ygawmh o nf ?
tm;vHk; tvkyform;rsm;u 0dkif;0ef;ayG@csDaomfvnf;
udkausmf0if;Edkif rSm owdr&awmhay? acgif;'%f&mrS aoG;rsm;
xG u f + yD ; arh a rsmaeay+yD ? rJ a qmuf a q;&H k o d k @ tjref y d k @ &
awmh . ? vd k t yf a om aq;0g;uk o r_ uk e f u sp&d w f r sm;ud k
xk d i f ; vk y f i ef ; &S i f (taqmuf t OD y d k i f & S i f ) rS vd k a vao;r&S d
atmif axmufyHhay;ojzifh aiGa=u;wGif tcuftcJ r&Sdaomf
vnf ; arG ; zG m ;+yD ; p &uf y d k i f ; om&S d a o;aom aom=umom;

av;. rdcifZeD;onfrSm rsuf&nfESifh rsufcGuf aomu y&da'
0rD ; awmuf a vmif a eay&m 0d k i f ; 0ef ; acsmh a rmh &avawmh . ?
atmufwkdbmv 17 &uf 2012 ae@ ae@vnftcsdef
aouH r a&muf ouf r aysmuf “ud k a usmf 0 if ; Ed k i f ” owd j yef &
vmyg+yD? a&æ a&æ a&æ ay;yg? a&qmw,f? yg;pyfuav;
wjyif j yif e J @ owd v nf v maom cif y G e f ; onf u d k ZeD ; jzpf o l u
0rf;omaom t+yHK;jzifh teD;uyfjyKpkaeaom jrifuGif;uav;
u =unf h I yif aumif ; ao;awmh . ?
aq;&H k w uf a om
5
&uf a jrmuf a omae@
“ud k a usmf 0 if ; Ed k i f ” xrif ; p+yD ; pm;Ed k i f y g+yD ? tm;tif j ynf h + zd K ;
pjyKvm.? +yH K ;Ek d i f / &,f E d k i f y g+yD ? "mwf r S e f
(X-Ray)) &dkuf=unfh &m OD;acgif; '%f&m
rS v G J I tjcm;cE< m ud k , f tpd w f t yd k i f ;
wpf p H k w pf & mrS usKd ; yJ h j cif ; r&S d onf r S m
“udkausmf0ifEdkif”. uHaumif;jcif; wpfrsKd;
jzpfav&m aygufazmfw&kwf}uD; ajymovkd
“a=omf æ vl @ uH æ vl @ uH / 0æ uH æ
rjzpf y gvm;”[l b d o uJ h o d k @ uH aumif ; vS a ypG ?
aq;&H k w uf a om 13 &uf ajrmuf a e@jzpf o nf h 29/
10/ 2012 &uf a e@Y “ud k a usmf 0 if ; Ed k i f ” aq;&H k u usef ; rm
aysmf&$if pGmqif;vmcJh+yD; ,cktcg ZeD;onf om;i,fav;jzifh
acwW tem;,l a e&mrS wk d u f w k d u f q k d i f q k d i f pma&;ol u
ol @ ta=umif ; a&;aeaom ,ae@rS m yif “ud k a usmf 0 if ; Ed k i f ”
tvk y f j yef q if ; +yD [ k pma&;ol x H o d k @ zk e f ; quf & m pma&;pOf Y
yif 0rf ; omrd a o; awmh . ? “ud k a usmf 0 if ; Ed k i f ” . arG ; zG m ;p
&if a oG ; i,f o m; OD ; av;&J @ arG ; ae@ud k pma&;ol u ar;jref ; &m
“aom=um” om;av; jzpfa=umif; od&ojzifh Tta=umif;
t&mav;. acgif;pOfudk “uHaumif;vdk@ rao- oHacsmif;wdk@
taz” [k pma&;ol u t"d y ` g ,f & S d & S d acgif ; pOf w yf c g pmzwf
ol r sm;od k @ ay 30 ausmf tjrif h u jyKwf u saomf v nf ;
aouH r a&muf ouf r aysmuf cJ h a om “ud k a usmf 0 if ; Ed k i f ” .
Tjzpf t ysuf u d k zwf c sif h p zG , f wif q uf v k d u f & yga=umif ; ?
“ud k a usmf 0 if ; Ed k i f ” . "mwf y H k E S i f h xl ; jcm;aom
vuQ % mud k a&S @ tywf p mapmif Y txl ; a&;om;azmf j yygrnf ?
oaAŠ o wW m eH j ym; yvmwm
vjynfhxGef; ((New Day))

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (13)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Ed0k ifbmv 2012

xl;xl;jcm;jcm; owif;rsm;
** orR w td k b m;rm; rk e f w d k i f ; oif h o l a wG u d k eS p f o d r f h t m;ay; **
av;pm;zG , f aumif ; aomorR w tjyKtrl 'k w d , ouf w rf ; twG u f orR w a&G ; aumuf y G J r J
qG , f a &;ud k arh x m;+yD ; rk e f w d k i f ; '%f o if h a ewJ h e,l ; 8smpD j ynf e ,f u rk e f w d k i f ; oif h o l a wG u d k
u,f q ,f a &;pcef ; rS m orR w td k b m;rm;u oG m ;a&muf eS p f o d r f h t m;ay;aeygw,f ?
** rk d ; a[uk d &J Πaetd r f y d k i f q k d i f r _ ol @ cspf o l & J Πa=unmcsuf x G u f a y: **
(November 01, 2012))
atmuf w d k b mv (31) &uf a e@xk w f a=u;rH k o wif ; pmrS m oH v G i f v rf ; &S d rd k ; a[ud k & J h
aetdrfydkif qdkifr_eJ@ ywfowf+yD; uef@uGufwJh rdk;a[udk&JΠcspfol nDnDxGef;&Jh a=unmcsuf
xG u f a y:vmygw,f ? armf ' ,f r d k ; a[ud k & J Π&nf p m;jzpf o l nD n D x G e f ; [m rd k ; a[ud k
vuf & S d w G i f a e xd k i f a ewh J &ef u k e f + rd K Œ oH v G i f v rf ; &S d trS w f (74§bD ) td r f e @J ywf o uf + yD ;
yd k i f q d k i f r _ a=ujimcsuf u d k a=u;rk H o wif ; pmrS m a=ujimch J y gw,f ? xd k a =ujimcsuf t &
nDnDxGef;e@J vuf&SdoHvGifvrf; trSwf 74§bD ydkifqdkifol rat;at;cdkif (armf',f rdk;a[udkvdk@
,lqEdkifol) wdk@[m 2008 ckESpf {+yDvuwnf;u w&m;0if vufxyfchJ=u+yD; 2008 ckESpf ZlvdkifvrSm rat;at;cdkifemrnfe@J
oHvGifvrf;&Sd trSwf 74§bD tdrfudk nDnDxGef;u rat;at;cdkif emrnfjzifh 0,fay;chJw,fvdk@ qdkygw,f? vuf&Sd tdrfaxmifa&;
tqif r ajywma=umif h pif u myl r S m aexk d i f a ewJ h nD n D x G e f ; &J ΠcG i f h j yKcsuf r&bJ txuf y gaetd r f u d k rat;at;cd k i f t aeeJ @
a&mif ; csjcif ; / aygif E S H j cif ; / iS m ;&rf ; jcif ; / v$ J a jymif ; jcif ; rjyK vk y f y g&ef nD n D x G e f ; &J Πa&S Πaejzpf o l a':ausmh u smh v d _ i f u
a=ujimcsufxkwfchJwmjzpfygw,f? rkd;a[udk taeeJ@ 'Dtdrfydkifqkdifr_eJ@ ywfouf +yD; tckvkd vlod &Sif=um;owif;pmawGxJ
xnf h a =umf j im &wJ h t jzpf q k d a wmh b,f v d k tajctaeawG &S d r vJ q k d w m um,uH & S i f awG ud k , f w k d i f y J od = urS m jzpf y gw,f ?
rd k ; a[ud k & J ΠtEk y nmy&d w f o wf r sm;ud k od a pcsif w h J t wG u f rS s a0ay;vd k u f ygw,f ? nD n D x G e f ; [m wcsd e f u rd k ; a[ud k
&JŒcspfoljzpfcJhovdk y&dwfowfrsm; t=um;rSmvnf; ay:ay:xifxif wGJchJzl;ygw,f? nDnDxGef;qkdwm vuf&Sd pifumylEdkifiHrSm
aexkdifaeolvnf;jzpfygw,f? (Irrawaddyblog)
** t&G , f r a&muf a o;aom ajr;ud k tbG m ;jzpf o l u jynh f w ef q m tjzpf apck d i f ; r_
wmarG w G i f j zpf y G m ; **
touf 12 ESpft&G,f rdef;ri,fwpfOD;tm; 4if;. tbGm; jzpfolu rdbrsm;rodapbJ jynhfwefqm
tjzpf apcdkif;cJhr_jzihf wmarG&Jpcef;rS atmufwkdbmv 28 &ufae@wGif tr_zGifhxm;a=umif; &efukefwkdif;
a'o}uD ; &J w yf z G J Œ rS L ;¶H k ; rS od & onf ? jzpf p Of r S m atmuf w k d b mv 28 &uf a e@eH e uf 11 em&D tcsd e f u
'*Hk+rdKŒopfajrmufydkif; 35 &yfuGufwGif aexkdifol a':ææ u wmarG&Jpcef;odk@ zkef;qufI 4if;. orD;jzpfol touf 12
ES p f t&G , f & S d ræ onf wmarG + rd K Œe,f / zk d ; pd e f v rf ; &S d Green Hill [d k w ,f w G i f a&muf & S d a ea=umif ; / 4if ; tm;
yd k @ aqmif c J h o l r sm;u vma&muf a c:aqmif r nf j zpf a=umif ; ajym=um;cJ h o nf h twG u f wm0ef & S d o l r sm;u tqd k y g [d k w ,f o d k @
oG m ;a&muf p pf a q; cJ h a =umif ; xk d o d k @ oG m ;a&muf ppf a q;&mY rææ tm; tqd k y g[d k w ,f & S d tcef ; trS w f 408
wGif4if;.tbGm;jzpfola':ææ/ wmarG+rdKŒe,fwGif aexkdifol a':ææ/ '*HkajrmufwGifae xkdifol a':ææwdk@ESihftwl awGŒ&+yD;
4if; wdk@tm;ppfaq; ar;jref;cJha=umif/ tbGm;jzpfol. ajym=um;csuft& 4if;onf '*HkajrmufrS a':ææ. qufoG,fay;r_jzihf
wmarGwGifaexkdifol a':æxH rS aiGusyf 275000 ,lum atmufwdkbm 27 &ufae@ nydkif; wGif ajr;jzpfoltm; Green
Hill [d k w ,f / tcef ; trS w f ( 408)wG i f wnf ; cd k a eaomud k æ æ xH jynh f w ef q mtvk d @ iS m ay;tyf c J h o nf [ k a jyma=umif ;
&ef u k e f w k d i f ; a'o }uD ; &J w yf zG J Œ rS L ;¶H k ; rS od & onf ? jynh f w ef q mtjzpf apcd k i f ; cH & ol u quf q H r nf h o l ud k æ æ tm; touf
12 ES p f o m&S d a o;a=umif ; / rd b rod a =umif ; ajymjycJ h & m ud k æ æ qk d o l u tqd k y g rd e f ; u av;i,f t m; oem;ojzih f
aiG E S p f a omif ; rk e f @ zk d ; ay;I bmrS rvk y f b J [d k w ,f r S x G u f c G m oG m ;cJ h a =umif ; xG u f q k d c J h o nf ? tqk d y g tr_ E S i f h y wf o uf I
wmarG & J p cef ; rS t&G , f r a&muf a o;ol tm; jynh f w ef q mtvk d @ iS m tca=u;aiG & ,l I apck d i f ; cJ h a om trsKd ; orD ; oH k ; OD ; tm;
(y)1269§ 12/ yk ' f r (372)jzih f z rf ; qD ; ta&; ,l x m;a=umif ; od & onf ? (atmif r sd K ;ausmf )
** tm*sif w D ; em;Y Ed k i f i H o m;rsm; ted r f h q H k ; rJ a y;cG i f h touf 16 ES p f a vS s mh c s **
(AsLEd k a t&d p f Ed k 0 if b m 3)
tm*sif w D ; em;Ed k i f i H w G i f Ed k i f i H o m;rsm;. qEN r J a y;yd k i f c G i f h touf u ef @ owf c suf u k d ,ck tcg
16 ES p f t xd avS s mh c s vd k u f a =umif ; Ed k 0 if b m 2 &uf u tif w meuf o wif ; wG i f azmf j y yg&S d o nf ?
tm*sif w D ; em;orR w c&pP w D ; em;zmeef ' uf u vl i ,f r sm;.rJ u d k pnf ; ¶H k ; rJ q G , f vd k u f j cif ; jzpf + yD ;
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (14)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Ed0k ifbmv 2012

,if ; uJ h o k d @ touf uef @ owf c suf a vS s mh c svd k u f j cif ; tm;jzih f 2013 ck E S p f a &G ; aumuf y J G w G i f orR w c&pP w D ; em;zmeef ' uf .
tEd k i f & &S d a &;tcG i f h tvrf ; yd k r sm;atmif aqmif & G u f j cif ; jzpf a =umif ; qef ; ppf a 0 zef o l r sm;u ajym=um;onf ? vuf & S d t ouf
ue@f o wf c suf r S m 18 ES p f j zpf + yD ; 16 ES p f t xd avS s mh c sa&;tpD t pOf u d k txuf v $ w f awmf u twnf j yK +yD ; jzpf o nf ?
atmuf v $ w f a wmf u ,if ; tqd k u d k axmuf c H r J 131 rJ / uef @ owf r J ES p f r J w nf ; jzif h twnf j yK ay; vd k u f j cif ; jzpf o nf ?
(tif w meuf )

** jref r mrsm; u|rf ; usif v k y f o m;tjzpf tqif o if h & S d x m;zd k @ vd k a e+yD **
(Ek d 0 if b mv 06 &uf 2012 -rZÆd r )
2014 ck E S p f / tmqD , H a'owG i f ; vk y f o m;pD ; qif ; r_ vG w f v yf c G i f h twG u f jref r m
tvk y f o rm;rsm;taeES i f h u|rf ; usif v k y f o m; (Skilled Labour) tjzpf tqif
oifh&Sd&ef vdktyfa=umif; tvkyform;0ef}uD;u ajym=um;onf? Edk0ifbmv 4 &ufae@u
vd _ i f o m,mpuf r _ Z k e f & S d yk * ~ v d u oif w ef ; ausmif ; wck w G i f 0ef } uD ; OD ; armif j rif h u
ajymqd k v d k u f j cif ; jzpf o nf ? ”jynf
jynf y od k @ oG m ;a&muf tvk y f v k y f u d k i f = urnf h tvk y f o rm; rsm;romu jynf w G i f ; Y
tvk y f t vk y f = uonf h tvk y f o rm;rsm;twG u f u|rf ; usif vk y f o m; (Skilled Labour) ES i f h tv,f t vwf
u|rf;usifvkyfom; (Semi Skilled Labour) rsm; jzpfa&; jypkysKd;axmifxm;&ef vdktyfygw,f” [k 4if;u qdkonf?
xd k @ tjyif jynf y rS Ed k i f i H j cm;&if ; ES D ; jrê K yf E S H r _ r sm; 0if a &muf v mygu tvk y f t ud k i f tcG i f h t vrf ; rsm; wd k ; yG m ;vmrnf jzpf I
u|rf ; usif v k y f o m;rsm; tqif o if h j zpf a e&ef vd k t yf a =umif ; yk * ~ v d u oif w ef ; ausmif ; zG i f h v S p f v k y f u d k i f o l r sm;u
qdkonf? ”tck
tckcsdefu EdkifiHjcm; &if;ESD;jrêKyfESHr_ Oya'uvnf; xGufay:vm+yDqdkawmh tqifoifhjzpfaewJh ukr`%DawG taeeJ@
0if a &muf vk y f u d k i f v mawmh r ,f ? tJ ' D t csd e f r S m jynf w G i f ; u vH k a vmuf w J h u|rf ; usif v k y f o m;awG &S d x m;zd k @ vd k y gw,f ?
ynm&Sifydkif;ua&m/ vkyfom;ydkif;uyg Skilled Labour jzpfaeatmif wOD;csif;yJ jzpfjzpf/ tzGJ@ tpnf;vdkufyJ jzpfjzpf
vuf v S r f ; rD o avmuf jznf h q nf ; xm;zd k @ vd k t yf y gw,f ” [k u|rf ; usif vuf o rm;rsm; arG ; xk w f a y;ae onf h jref r mEk d i f i H
tif * sif e D , mtoif ; rS wm0ef & S d o l wOD ; u ajymonf ? txl ; ojzif h txnf c sKyf v k y f i ef ; ES i f h aqmuf v k y f a &; vk y f i ef ; wk d @ wG i f
vk y f i ef ; &S i f trsm;pk r S m u|rf ; usif v k y f o m; rsm;ud k avh u sif h a rG ; xk w f & rnf h t pm; vk y f i ef ; wl vk y f u d k i f a e ol r sm;xH r S
tawG @ t}uH K &S d usG r f ; usif v k y f o m;rsm; ud k vpmwd k ; jrê i f h ac:,l t oH k ; jyKjcif ; rsm;om &S d a eonf [ k qd k o nf ? ” uk r ` % D w ck /
vk y f i ef ; wck xl a xmif v k y f u d k i f r ,f q d k & if u|rf ; usif v k y f o m;u vd k u d k v d k t yf y gw,f ? 'gud k o l r sm; uk r ` % D a wG u vl a wG u d k
vpmyd k a y;+yD ; ac:,l w mrsKd ; u rvk y f o if h a wmh y gbl ; ? =umawmh vk y f i ef ; awG u rsm;vm+yD ; u|rf ; usif vk y f o m; enf ; vm&if
Ed k i f i H j cm; ynm&S i f a wG 0if v mwmrsKd ; awG jzpf v mEd k i f y gw,f ? vk y f i ef ; &S i f w d k i f ; u rd r d v k y f ief ; cG i f e J @ oif h a wmf r ,f h
u|rf ; usif 0 ef x rf ; awG rsm;rsm;xk w f o if h y gw,f ” [k ausmuf w H w m;+rd K Œe,f wG i f yk * ~ v d u oif w ef ; ausmif ; zG i f h v S p f x m;
olwOD;u qdkonf? tvm;wl tpdk;&taejzifhvnf;aumif;/ yk*~vdutaejzifhvnf; aumif; oifwef; ausmif;rsm; zGifhvSpfum
u|rf ; usif v k y f o m;rsm; pOf q uf r jywf arG ; xk w f o if h a =umif ; pD ; yG m ;a&;ynm&S i f wOD ; u oH k ; oyf ajym=um; oG m ;onf ?
tpkd;& u|rf;usifvkyfom; avhusifha&; oifwef;ausmif;rS ydkufqufjcif;/ vSsyfppfoG,f wef;jcif;/ wGifcHk/ *a[aqmfoifwef;
ponf w d k @ ud k oif ; wef ; om; 20 jynf h r D y gu wef ; cG J w ck t jzpf zG i f h v S p f o if = um;ay;vsuf & S d & m wES p f v S s if u|rf ; usif v k y f o m;
1˜000 cef @ arG ; xk w f a y;aea=umif ; od & S d & onf ?
** ae&yf j yef jref r ma&$ @ ajymif ; vk y f o m;rsm; jr0wD - rJ a qmuf c spf = unf a &;wH w m; ywf 0 ef ; usif w G i f r=umc%
vdrfvnfcHae& **
td r f e D ; csif ; xd k i f ; ek d i f i H t wG i f ; oG m ;a&muf v k y f u d k i f = uaom jref r mh a &$ @ ajymif ; vk y f o m;rsm; ae&yf jref r mek d i f i H o d k @
jyefvmpOf jr0wD- rJaqmuf cspf=unfa&;wHwm;teD; ywf0ef;usifwGif r=umc%vdrfvnfjcif;rsm; cHae&a=umif; ae&yfjyef
vmolrsm;xHrS od&onf? xdkif;edkifiH befaumuf+rdK@rS c&D;oGm; ydk@aqmifa&;,mOfjzifh pD;eif;vkdufvmonfh c&D;onfrsm;rSm
wmhcf c&dkif/ rJaqmuf/ r,fawmfurf;ezl;odk@ qkdufa&mufcsdefapmjcif;a=umifh a,mifvnfvnfjzpfaepOf wHwm;ywf0ef;usif&Sd
ul n D [ ef a qmif o l t csKd @ u jref r mzuf u rf ; od k @ ac:aqmif v m+yD ; ,if ; wd k @ ES i f h csd w f q uf x m;onf h aiG v J c H k r sm;wG i f aiG v J
ay;+yD ; aemuf tvd r f c H = u&onf [ k qd k o nf ? “bef a umuf u ae w&m;0if y wf p f y d k @ eJ @ vmcJ h w myg? um;qk d u f a wmh ul n D a y;
r,f q d k w J h o l a emuf u d k vk d u f o G m ;rd w ,f ? jyef r vmwm =um+yD q d k a wmh v nf ; ol a jymovd k vk d u f o G m ;w,f ? vB u f & nf q k d i f r S m
vB u f & nf a omuf + yD ; bwf 3700 zd k ; aiG v J a y;w,f ? =uG y f = uG y f t d w f e J @ xk w f a y;wm? um;ay:wif a y;+yD ; jyef o G m ;w,f ?
um;ay:rSm ppfawmh aiGwpfodef;&&rSmudk usyf 55000 yJ&Sdw,f? um;ay:rSqif;+yD; wHwm;bufrSm jyef&Smwm ol@udkawG@
w,f A sm? aiG v nf ; jyef & ygw,f ? ” [k atmuf w d k b mv 3 &uf a e@Y ud k , f a wG @ }uH K &ol w pf O D ; u ajymonf ? “'D r S m awmh
vl v d r f a wG trsm;}uD ; yJ ? 'D r euf aiG v d r f c H & wJ h o l v majymvd k @ 0d k i f ; zrf ; zd k @ vk y f a wmh xG u f a jy;oG m ;w,f ? [d k b uf u d k a vS e J @
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (15)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Ed0k ifbmv 2012

ul;oGm;wm? avS*dwfrSmzrf;rdw,f? bwfvJcHkuvludkac:+yD; nSday;wJhtwGuf aiGjyef&oGm;ygw,f?”[k r,fawmfurf;ezl;rS
rsuf j rif w pf O D ; u ajym=um;cJ h o nf ? cspf = unf a &;wH w m;teD ; vS n f h p m;cH & ol r sm;rS m c&D ; oG m ;rsm;jzpf I xd a &muf a om
wkdif=um;jcif;rsm;r&Sdovdk ta&;,lekdifr_vnf; tm;enf;aea=umif; od&onf? udka&$odef; (jr0wD)
** ouf w rf ; 5 ES p f c H ek d i f i H u l ; vuf r S w f xk w f a y;+yD **
(Ed k 0 if b mv 1 &uf 2012- {&m0wD )
urBmw0ef;&Sd jrefrmekdifiHqkdif&m oH&Hk;rsm;wGif edk0ifbmv 1 &ufae@rS pwif+yD; ekdifiHul; vufrSwf
oufwrf;wdk;jcif;/ oufwrf;wdk;av#muf xm;r_rsm; twGuf oufwrf; 5 ESpfcH ekdifiHul; vufrSwfrsm;
xkwfay;ae+yD jzpfa=umif; owif;&&Sdonf? &efukefESifh rE Wav;tajcpdkuf jrefrm ekdifiHul;vufrSwf
xkwfay;a&;&Hk;rsm;wGif ekd0ifbmv 1 &ufae@rS pwif+yD; oufwrf; 5 ESpf&Sd ekdifiHul;vufrSwfrsm;
pwifxkwf ay;jcif;ESifhtwl jynfyekdifiHrsm;wGif aexkdif=uonfh jrefrm ekdifiHom;rsm;taeESifhvnf;
ouf q k d i f & m jref r moH & H k ; rsm;wG i f ouf w rf ; wd k ; jcif ; / ouf w rf ; wd k ; av#muf x m;jcif ; rsm;twG u f ouf w rf ; 5 ES p f & S d
ek d i f i H u l ; vuf r S w f r sm; &&S d r nf [ k jref r mek d i f i H ul ; vuf r S w f xk w f a y;a&;&H k ; rS XmecG J r S L ; &J r S L ; pd k ; xG e f ; atmif u ajymonf ?
“jref r mek d i f i H u l ; vuf r S w f u d k xk w f a y;wJ h a e&m wk d i f ; rS m ouf w rf ; 5 ES p f e J @ xk w f a y;rS m yg? urB m w0ef ; u jrermoH & H k ; awG
vnf ; ygw,f ? avmavmq,f &ef u k e f e J @ rE W a v;rS m ek d i f i H u l ; vuf r S w f xk w f a y;a&;&H k ; awG uae xk w f a y;aeygw,f ?
rE W a v; ek d i f i H u l ; vuf r S w f & H k ; u 'D E S p f Zl v d k i f 4 &uf a e@rS pzG i f h w myg?”[k 4if ; u {&m0wD o d k @ &S i f ; jyonf ? Ed k 0 if b mv 1
&uf a e@rS pwif a v#muf x m;aom ek d i f i H u l ; vuf r S w f r sm;ud k o m ouf w rf ; 5 ES p f & S d ek d i f i H u l ; vuf r S w f xk w f a y;rnf j zpf + yD ;
ekd0ifbmv 1 &uf rwdkifrdu av#mufxm;cJhaom ekdifiHul;vufrSwf rsm;rSm ,ciftwdkif; oufwrf; 3 ESpfom &&Sdrnfjzpf
a=umif; jrefrmekdifiHul;vufrSwf xkwfay;a&;&Hk;rS od&Sd&onf? yHkrSef ekdifiHul;vufrSwf av#mufxm;r_rsm;twGuf pkpkaygif;
21 &uf tcsd e f = umjrS i f h rnf j zpf + yD ; aiG a =u;uk e f u sp&d w f r S m ajymif ; vJ j cif ; r&S d b J ,cif t wk d i f ; yif j zpf onf ? b¾ma&;ES i f h
tcG e f 0 ef } uD ; Xme 'k w d , 0ef } uD ; a'guf w m armif a rmif o d r f ; u ek d i f i H u l ; vuf r S w f av#muf x m;&mwG i f wif j y&aom
tcGe fu if ; &S if ; a=umif ; axmufc Hc suf yHkpH 17 ESi fh yHkpH 19 ud k y,f zsuf ajzavsmh a y;&ef pD p Of a ea=umif ; ajymqdkxm;+yDj zpf
aomf v nf ; vwf w avmwG i f n$ e f = um;csuf wpH k w &m r&&S d a o;[k &J r S L ;pd k ; xG e f ; atmif u qd k o nf ? “usaemf w d k @ qD a wmh
bmn$ e f = um;csuf r S ra&muf ao;ygbl ; ”[k 4if ; u ajymonf ? ek d i f i H u l ; vuf r S w f ouf w rf ; 5 ES p f wk d ; jrS i f h a y;jcif ; tay:
}ud K qd k a omf v nf ; tcsd e f = umjrif h r _ E S i f h tqif h q if h vk y f a qmif & aom vk y f x H k ; vk y f e nf ; rsm;ud k av#mh c say;&ef vk d v m;onf [ k
ek d i f i H u l ; vuf rS w f av#muf x m;ol r sm;u qd k = uonf ? “21 &uf =umwmud k xyf + yD ; av#mh a y; ek d i f r ,f q d k & if yd k a umif ; r,f ?
aemuf+yD; vkyfxHk; vkyfenf; tqifhqifhawG xyfav#m hay;r,fqdk&if tqifajyr,f? tckyHkpH 17 ESifh yHkpH 19 rvdkawmhbl;vdk@
owif;xGufayr,fh tckxufxd rajzav#mh ao;bl;? tJ'g jrefjrefjzpfekdif&if aumif;w,f? vkyfxHk;vkyfenf;awG tqifhqifh
av#mh a y;ek d i f a v jynf o l u yd k t qif a jyavygyJ ? aemuf wck u awmh e,f u vl a wG ek d i f i H u l ; vuf rS w f v k y f z d k @ &ef u k e f /
rE Wav;udkcsnf;yJ wufvmae&wm/ ekdifiHul;vufrSwf xkwfay; wJh&Hk;cGJawG 'Dxufydk+yD; zGifhay;ekdif&ife,fu vlawGtwGuf
trsm;}uD ; tqif a jyr,f ” [k ek d i f i H u l ; vuf r S w f vma&muf ouf w rf ; wd k ; ol pD ; yG m ;a&;vk y f i ef ; &S i f w pf O D ; u {&m0wD o d k @
oH k ; oyf a jymqd k o nf ?
** OD ; od e f ; pd e f v pm **
orR w OD ; od e f ; pd e f u 4if ; cH p m;cG i f h & S d a om vpmaiG u syf o d e f ; ig;q,f u d k r,l b J
,cif t pd k ; &vuf x uf Ed k i f i H t }uD ; tuJ . vpmE_ e f ; jzpf a om usyf 15 od e f ; ud k o m
&,l c H p m;aea=umif ; ajym=um;onf ? wd k i f ; jynf p D ; yG m ;a&; rzG H Π+zd K ;ao;I 0ef x k y f 0 ef
yd k ; rjzpf atmif Oya't& usyf o d e f ; ig;q,f c H p m;cG i f h & S d a omf v nf ; ,cif t pd k ; &vuf x uf
uE_ e f ; twd k i f ; om &,l c H p m;jcif ; jzpf + yD ; xd k E _ e f ; rS m uk r ` % D } uD ; rsm;wG i f wm0ef x rf ; aqmif a eaom tqif h j rif h 0 ef x rf ;
wpf O D ; vpmcef @ om&S d a =umif ; orR w u ajym=um;oG m ;onf ? **7 DAYS **
** 'D Z if b mvxJ r S m r*F v myG J jyKvk y f a wmh r ,h f te*~ e J @ oH o m0if ; **
(Ed k 0 if b mv 6 &uf 2012 )
vlr_a&;vkyfief;awGrSm twGJnDpGmeJ@ wufwuf=uG=uG yg0ifv_yf&Sm;=uwJh te*~eJ@ oHom0if;
wd k @ &J Πr*F v myG J u d k 'D Z if b mv xJ r S m jyKvk y f a wmh rS m jzpf y gw,f ? cspf o l ouf w rf ; 4
ESpfwm=umrS usif;ywJh r*FvmyGJ jzpfwJhtwGuf wpfa,mufeJ@ wpfa,muf em;vnfr_uawmh
tjynh f t0&S d a e=u+yD j zpf y gw,f ? r*F v m&uf j rwf a e@ud k v nf ; owf r S w f x m;+yD ; +yD j zpf + yD ;
yG J u sif ; yr,h f ae@&uf u ol w d k @ ES p f a ,muf & J Πyxrqk H ; pawG ΠwJ h ae@&uf j zpf o vd k / xl ; jcm;r_ a wG vnf ; &S d a ewJ h ae@&uf a v;

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (16)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Ed0k ifbmv 2012

wpf&uf yJjzpfa=umif;/ r*FvmyGJae@&ufudkawmh r=umrDrSmyJ olwdk@taeeJ@ y&dowfudk today;oGm;rSmjzpfa=umif; oHom0if;
uajymygw,f ? cspf o l o uf w rf ; 4 ES p f w m umvtwG i f ; rS m tcspf a wG +rJ + rH a pzd k @ wpf a ,muf e J @ wpf a ,muf u b,f v k d
em;vnf r _ a wG e J @ wnf a qmuf cJ h = uvJ q d k w J h tar;ud k a wmh oH o m0if ; u “oH o mwd k @ ES p f a ,muf u em;vnf r _ trsm;}uD ;
,lp&mawmh rvdkbl;? t"duuawmh yGihfvif;zdk@yJ? ol@pdwfxJrSm bmawGjzpfaevJqdkwm oHomjrifEdkifzdk@eJ@ oHomh pdwfxJrSm
bmawG&SdvJqdkwm oljrifEdkifzdk@udkyJ }udK;pm;=uw,f? em;vnfr_ qdkwmxuf vSsKdŒ0Sufr_ rxm;wmu a&SŒqufoGm;zkd@ tm;awG
jzpf w ,f ? oH o meJ @ ud k t e*~ q d k & if ao;ao;av;u tp/ t}uD ; }uD ; txd ajymp&m¶S d w mud k pd w f x J r S m rxm;bl ; ? rsd K od y f y g
rsm;awmh aygufuGJoGm;&if wpfcsufyJav? wu,fwrf;us&if bmrSr[kwfwJh jy\emav;eJ@p+yD; }udK;ujywfoGm;wwfw,f?
pk H w G J w d k i f ; rS m awmh b,f o l r qd k uawmuf u quawmh &S d u d k & S d w ,f ? tao;&S d w ,f ? t}uD ; &S d w ,f ? 'gayr,f h v nf ; tJ ' gud k
ydk+yD; r}uD;atmifvdk@ wpfa,muf eJ@wpfa,muf tavSsmhtwif;vdkygw,f? udkte*~0goemygwm/ olvkyfcsifwm awmfawmf
rsm;rsm;u oH o meJ @ wd k u f q d k i f a ew,f ? 'gutEk y nmorm;csif ; / *D w orm;csif ; jzpf vd k @ vnf ; jzpf r ,f ” vd k @ ajymygw,f ?
** pwD & D , d k a cwf O D ; Ed k i f i H a usmf t qd k a wmf } uD ; cif a rmif w d k ; trS e f w u,f u G , f v G e f + yD **
pwD&D,dkacwfOD;rSonf ,ae@wkdif ukd,fykdifoHpOf aw;oDcsif;rsm;ESifh &Sifoefaeaom
EdkifiHausmftqdkawmf OD;cifarmifwdk; ,ae@nydkif;tcsdefwGif pifumylEdkifiHwGif uifqma&m*g
aq;uko&if; uG,fvGeftedpPa&mufoGm;jyDjzpfa=umif; owif;&&Sdonf? tqdkawmf cifarmif
wd k ; rS m 1951ck E S p f {+yD v 1 &uf a e@wG i f arG ; zG m ;cJ h j yD ; aoqH k ; csd e f w G i f 63ES p f &+yD j zpf o nf ?
tEk y nm avmuud k 1973 ck E S p f w G i f pwif 0 if a &muf c J h j yD ; ES p f 40 vH k ; vH k ; *D w avmuud k
cspf j rwf E d k ; +yD ; em;qif o l j ynf o l a wG t wG u f oD c sif ; at;at;rsm;jzif h azsmf a jzwif q uf c J h + yD ;
vuf & S d t csd e f t xd aw;pD ; &D ; 30 cef @ oD q d k c J h u m Ed k i f i H t wG u f tEk y nm wm0ef a usyG e f c J h o l w pf O D ; jzpf o nf ? aoqH k ; csd e f w G i f
ZeD ; jzpf o l a':a0a0cd k i f / om;}uD ; rif ; rif ; vwf / om;vwf atmif y ef ; OD ; ES i f h orD ; i,f a0ES i f ; cd k i f w d k @ usef & pf c J h a =umif ;
owif ; &&S d y gonf ? tqd k a wmf q&mcif a rmif w d k ; uG , f v G e f j cif ; ES i f h y wf o uf + yD ; usef & pf ol r d o m;pk E S i f h xyf w l x yf r S s 0rf ; enf ;
a=uuGJ&yga=umif;? q&mwdk;}uD;a& trSs trSs trSs? Admin Team(People Development for Knowledge)

tm;upm; owif;rsm;
** wd k u f p pf r S L ; Aef y gpD t m; abmvH k ; ol & J a umif ; [k q d k **
(vef ' ef Ed k 0 if b m 2)
AefygpD tmqife,frSref,lodk@ aj[if;a&$Œvmjcif;onf ol&Jaumif; wpfOD;ozG,fjzpfa=umif;
ref , l aemuf w ef ; upm;orm;a[mif ; rD a c;vf qD A uf p wmu aj[=um;vd k u f o nf ? “ol [ m
wu,f h &J & if h owd W e J @ jynf h p H k w J h abmvH k ; ol & J aumif ; wpf O D ; ygyJ ” [k ref , l t wG u f 326 yJ G E S i h f
tmqif e ,f t wG u f 38 yJ G u pm;ay;cJ h a om qD A uf p wmuqk d o nf ? Aef y gpD o nf =o*k w f v u aygif
24 oef ; jzih f tmqif e ,f r S ref , l o d k @ av;ES p f p mcsKyf j zih f ajymif ; a&$ Πvmjcif ; jzpf o nf ? ol o nf
,ckESpf y&DrD,mvd*fwGif ref,ltwGuf 7 *dk; oGif;,lay;xm;+yD;jzpfonf? ref,lESifh tmqife,fwdk@
onf Ed k 0 if b m 3 &uf w G i f y&D r D ,mvd * f y J G p Of (10) tjzpf ,S O f + yd K if u pm; =urnf j zpf o nf ? (¶d k u f w m)
** ref , l t oif ; acgif ; aqmif A D ' pf c&pP r wf t xd tem;,l & rnf **
(vef ' ef Ed k 0 if b m 3)
ref , l t oif ; acgif ; aqmif eD r ef ; *sm;AD ' pf o nf '%f & m &cJ h o jzih f c&pP r wf w d k i f a tmif
tem;,l & vd r h f r nf j zpf a =umif ; 4if ; uvyf u xk w f a zmf a jym=um;onf ? AD ' pf o nf puf w if b m
vu 'l;acgif;cJGpdwf&ojzihf &Spfywf=um tem;,lcJh&onf? touf 31 ESpf&Sd AD'pfonf ,ckESpf
&moDwGif ref,ltwGuf av;yJGomupm;&ao;onf? 4if;onf pufwifbm 19 &ufu csefyD,H
vd * f + yd K if y J G w G i f ref , l u *gvmwmpma&;ud k wpf * d k ; -*d k ; r&S d j zih f Ed k i f + yD ; uwnf ; u ref , l w G i f
upm; &jcif ; r&S d a o;ay? (¶d k u f w m)
**pDpD a &mf e ,f v f ' d k u d k aygif o ef ; (100)jzif h u rf ; vS r f ; onf h owif ; ud k PSG jiif ; qef * *
jyif o pf u vyf PSG toif ; onf &D ; ,J , f r uf ' &pf t oif ; rS ay: wl * D w d k u f p pf orm;
pDa&mfe,fvf'dkudkaygif oef;(100)jzifh urf;vSrf;xm;onf[k xGufay:aeonfh owif;rsm;tm;
jiif;qefvdkufa=umif; od&Sd&onf? umwmEdkifiHrS tm&yfbDvsHem rsm;ydkif qdkifxm;onfh toif;
onf Oa&mytiftm;}uD; toif;tjzpf wnfaqmuf&ef &nf&G,f ae+yD; &D;,J,frS pDa&mfe,fvf
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (17)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Ed0k ifbmv 2012

'dkESifh armf&if[dkwdk@ q&mwynfhESpfOD;udk ajymif;a&$@ a=u;trsm;tjym;jzifh ac:,loGm;&ef pDpOfaea=umif;/ pDa&mfe,fvf'dktwGuf
aygifoef; (100)jzifh urf;vSrf;r_jyKvkyfxm;+yDjzpfa=umif; +yD;cJhonfh&ufydkif;twGif;u owif;rsm; xGufay:vmcJhjcif;jzpfonf?
xd k @ a=umif h PSG toif ; OuU Ï t,f v f c gvmzD u “usaemf w d k @ pD a &mf e ,f v f ' d k eJ @ ywf o uf + yD ; bmquf oG , f r _ r S j yKvk y f
xm;jcif;r&Sdovdk/ b,folrS vnf; 'DudpPtwGuf usaemfwdk@ udkqufoG,f wmr&Sdao;ygbl;”[k w&m;0ifjiif;qefcJhjcif;jzpfonf?
od k @ aomf toif ; onf vmrnf h Z ef e 0g&D Y aiG r sm;pG m xyf r H o H k ; pG J zG , f & S d a ea=umif ; owif ; rsm; xG u f a y:aeqJ y if j zpf o nf ?
(eleven)
** rE W a v; jref r mh & d k ; &mvuf a 0S @ pd e f a c:yG J urB m h c sef y D , H rmqG w f ( tD & ef ) ud k zd k ; autEd k i f & **
(rEœ a v; Ek d 0 if b m 3)
tm;upm;0ef } uD ; Xme jref r mEk d i f i H ¶k d ; &mvuf a 0S @ tzG J Œ csKyf u }uD ; rS L ;I jref r mh ¶ k d ; &m
vufa0S@ pdefac:yGJudk Ekd0ifbm 2 &uf n 7 em&Du rEœav;+rdKŒ atmifajrrEœvm tm;upm;
cef;rY usif;y&m okH;csDpdefac:yGJpOfwGif pdefvkH;acsm(pGrf;auau)ESihf rif;EdkifxGef;(pdkif;uvyf)wk@d
olEkdifukd,fEkdif t+ydKifxkd;owfaomfvnf; tEkdift¶_H;ray:bJ oa&yGJjzpfcJhonf? vDql;({0&wf)u
atmifA'if (jrZrŠL)udk yxrtcsDY tvJxdk; tEkdif&&Sdonf? av;csDpdefac:yGJY a&$cg;ywfcsefyD,H
rd k ; oD ; (a&$ z l ; )ES i f h wk d i f ; a'o}uD ; ES i f h j ynf e ,f a&$ q k & atmif c J a pm(awmif u av;)wk d @ yG J r S m
a&uk e f a &cef ; ,S O f + yd K if x d k ; owf a omf v nf ; oa&yG J j zpf c J h o nf ? &ef w k d i f ; ausmf ( 0gqd k ) u
cG e f a usmf x uf ( awmif u av;)ud k pwk w Î t csD w G i f v nf ; aumif ; / zd k ; vjynf h ( a&$ z l ; )u pd k i f ; 0À(ppf u d k i f ; )ud k 'k w d , tcsD w G i f
vnf ; aumif ; / 0rf ; pwm;(a&$ z l ; )u 'd e f ; (rwW & m)ud k 'k w d , tcsD wG i f v nf ; aumif ; toD ; oD ; tEk d i f &&S d = uonf ? txl ; ig;
csD p d e f a c:yG J w G i f 0if ; armuf ( a&$ z l ; )ES i f h rd k ; rc(pG r f ; auau)/ a&$ c g;ywf c sef yD , H a'geatmif ( 0gqk d ) ES i f h xuf a tmif O D ; (awmif
uav;)wk d @ yG J p Of r sm;rS m tEk d i f t ¶_ H ; ray:bJ oa&yG J p Of r sm;jzif h t+yD ; owf c J h aomf v nf ; ,S O f + yd K if r _ aumif ; ojzif h rEœ a v;
vuf a 0S @ 0goem&S i f y&d o wf w k d @ tm;&ES p f o uf p G m tm;ay;cJ h o nf ? zk d ; om;}uD ; (rEœ a v;)u vk H ; acsmav; (oxk H ) ud k
pwk w Î t csD w G i f tvJ x d k ; tEk d i f & &d S o G m ;onf ? vuf a 0S @ tm;upm; 0goem &S i f r sm;/ apmif h p m;aeonf h zd k ; au(jref r m) ES i f h
rmqGwf(tD&ef)wkd@ yJGpOf yxrtcsDwGif ESpfOD;pvkH; xkd;vkH;xkd;uGuf prf;aeojzifh 'kdifvl}uD;u t+ydKiftqkdif,SOf+ydKifxkd;owf&ef
r=umc% owd a y;ae&+yD ; y&d o wf a rS s mf v if h o vd k yG J } uD ; yG J a umif ; r[k w f o jzif h 0goem&S i f r sm; b0if r usjzpf c J h & onf ?
rmqG w f u cH p pf u d k t"d u xm;,S O f + yd K if a e&if ; zk d ; au.0k d u f v uf o D ; rsm;ud k a&S m if w d r f ; aecJ h o nf ? 'k w d , tcsD w G i f zd k ; auu
tompD;jzihf ,SOf+ydKifEkdifcJh+yD; rmqGwfu tyl;tcsKyfudkom tm;xm;oGm;cJhonf? wwd,tcsDwGif zdk;au.wkduf 'l;rdoGm;aom
rmqGwfrSm trSwfpOfa&wGufcH&um tem;awmif;cJh+yD; pwkwÎtcsDwGif rmqGwf cHEkdif&nftm;usoGm;I zdk;au. wdkufppfudk
tvl ; tvJ c H c J h & um trS w f p Of a v;}ud r f a &wG u f c H & I t¶_ H ; owf r S w f ay;vk d u f o nf ? “zk d ; aueJ @ rmqG w f w k d @ yG J u yG J } uD ; awmh
yG J } uD ; wpf y G J j zpf y gw,f ? 'gayr,f h +yd K if y G J a umif ; wpf c k a wmh r[k w f c J h y gbl ; ? tck y G J r S m zk d ; au twif ; 0if twif ; xG u f
&J&J&ifh&ifhxdk;cJhvkd@ tEkdif&cJhwmjzpfygw,f? urBmharGxkdif;csefyD,H rmqGwf (tD&ef)udk cGm+yD;xdk; owfvkd@ r&bl;? rmqGwfu
wpf z uf v uf a 0S @ orm;&J Œ trS m ;ud k a pmif h + yD ; csuf a umif ; ud k a pmif h x d k ; wJ h t usif h & S d w ,f ” [k jref r mh ¶k d ; &m vuf a 0S @ tzG J Œ csKyf r S
'd k i f c sKyf O D ; a'gif ; eD u ajym=um;cJ h o nf ? ? (jref r mh t vif ; )
** taumif ; qH k ; abmvH k ; orm;qk ruf q D u d k rJ a y;rnf [ k a&mf e ,f ' d k q d k **
(&D , d k ' D * sae;&d k ; - ed k 0 if b m 6 &uf )
b&mZ
b&mZDD ; *Eˆ 0 if a bmvk H ; orm;}uD ; a&mf e ,f ' k d u ol @ taejzif h qEN r J a y;cG i f h & S d r nf q k d
vS s if urB m h t aumif ; qk H ; abmvk H ; orm;qk Ballon d’or qk t wG u f ruf q D u d k a &G ;
cs,f r nf j zpf a =umif ; ajym=um;vk d u f o nf ? urB m h t aumif ; qk H ; abmvk H ; orm;qk
ok H ; }ud r f q G w f c l ; cJ h z l ; onh f a&mf e ,f ' k d o nf 2010 ck E S p f u jyif o pf E k d i f i H r S csD ; jrê i f h a om
tqkdygtaumif;qkH; abmvkH; orm;qkukd qGwfcl;EkdifcJhonf? “pD¶kde,f'kdu enf;pepfykdif;rSm
od y f a umif ; ygw,f ? uG s rf ; usif r _ r S m vnf ; awmf y gw,f ? 'gayr,f h ruf q D u rarS s mf v if h w J h
tajctaerS m awmif *k d ; awG & atmif upm;aewmawG Œ &ygw,f ” [k b&mZ
b&mZDD ; *Eˆ 0 if
abmvkH;orm;}uD; a&mfe,f'kdu qkdonf? ,ckESpftwGuf taumif;qkH;enf;jyukd qENrJay;
&rnf qk d v S s if v nf ; &D ; &J r uf ' &pf enf ; jy armf & if [ k d t m;a&G ; cs,f v d r h f rnf j zpf a =umif ; touf 36 ES p f & S d a&mf e ,f ' k d u
ajym=um;onf ? a&G ; cs,f a y;rnf t qk d y g zD z m. Ballon d’or qk E S i f h wpf E S p f w mtaumif ; qk H ; enf ; jyqk r sm;uk d
abmvk H ; toif ; acgif ; aqmif r sm;/ enf ; jyrsm;/ tm;upm; owif ; axmuf r sm;u qEN r J a y;a&G ; cs,f a y;rnf j zpf o nf ?
qkqGwfcl;Ekdifolrsm;ukd Zefe0g&D 7 &ufwGif qGpfZmvefEkdifiH Zl;&pf+rdKŒY ¶kyfjrifoH=um;u wkduf¶kduf xkwfv$ifha=unm ay;rnf
jzpf o nf ? (tif w meuf )
ÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚ

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (18)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Ed0k ifbmv 2012

“10 bwfwef uHprf;rJ oifvnf; yg0ifqifEEJG ikd +f yDaemfæ”

qkrt
J rsdK;tpm;rsm;

'kwd,qk

1? 2012 armf',f armfawmfqkdifu,f topf (1)pD;
2? qGJ}udK; ig;rl;om;æ (1) uHk;

wwd,qk

3? a&cJaowWm æ (1) vHk;
4? wDADG (21) vufr æ (1) vHk;
5? uifr&mæ (1) vHk;
6? 'DADG'D atmufpuf æ (1) vHk;

yxrqk

7? pufbD; æ (5) pD;
8? xrif;aygif;tdk; æ (5) vHk;
9? rdkbdkif;zkef; æ (5) vHk;

xrif;aygif;tdk; (5) vHk;

10? avyefum æ (5) vHk;

ESihf

pufbD; (5) pD;

tjcm; qkraJ ygi;f rsm;pGm yg0ifonf?
qkrsm;udk (30/ 12/ 2012) we*FaEGae@ ae@vnf
(01;00)em&DwGif rJaqmuf+rdK@ ae@opf ((New Day)) tv,fwef;ausmif;wGif

zGiv
hf pS yf grnf?

yefum (5) vHk;

zkef; (5) vHk;

qufoG,f&ef
Phone; 085-602-3573/ 085-726-2628/ 087-738-9250/ 083-631-0731
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (19)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Ed0k ifbmv 2012

pmrsufESm (1) orRwa&G;aumufyGJ tdkbm;rm; tEkdif&rS tquf
owif ; aqmif ; yg; a&;xm;ygw,f ? ud k a usmf a usmf o d e f ; u tjynh f t pH k quf a jymjyygr,f ? tmz&d u ef E G , f z G m ;
tar&d u ef E k d i f i H o m;awG x J u tar&d u ef j ynf a xmif p k & J ΠyxrqH k ; aom orR w jzpf o l [ m 'k w d , t}ud r f av;ES p f o uf w rf ;
twG u f a&G ; aumuf w if a jrê m uf c H & zd k @ vd k t yf w J h ud k , f p m;vS , f r J t a&twG u f 270 xuf ausmf & +yD ; orR w a&G ; aumuf y G J u d k
tEk d i f & oG m ;yg+yD ? a&G ; aumuf y G J tEd k i f & +yD ; wJ h a emuf rpP w mtd k b m;rm;[m &S D u m*d k + rd K ŒrS m pk a 0;ae=uwh J ol @ ud k axmuf c H o l
axmif a ygif ; rsm;pG m ud k rd e f @ cG e f ; ajymcJ h w mrS m wd k i f ; jynf & if q d k i f a e&wJ h pd e f a c:r_ a wG u d k ud k i f w G , f a jz&S i f ; zd k @ &m ol [ m yd k + yD ;
oEM d Ï mef ck d i f r mvm/ yd k + yD ; pd w f t m;wuf = uG v mygw,f v d k @ ajymygw,f ? “tvk y f v k y f z d k @ twG u f cif A sm;wd k @ rJ a y;cJ h = uwmyg/
yHkrSefvkyfaeus EkdifiHa&;udpPtwGuf rJay;cJhwm r[kwf ygbl;? usaemfwdk@&JŒ tvkyftudkifay: tm¶Hkpdkufzdk@r[kwfbJ cifAsm;wdk@&JŒ
tvk y f t ud k i f u d p P t ay:ud k tm¶H k p d k u f z d k @ usaemf wd k @ ud k cif A sm;wd k @ a&G ; aumuf w if a jrê m uf c J h w myg/ vmr,f h o D w if ; ywf a wG /
vawGtwGif; usaemfwdk@tm;vHk; twlwuG vufwGJajz&Sif;rSom&Edkifr,fh pdefac:r_awGudk &ifqdkifzdk@twGuf ygwDESpf&yfpvHk;u
acgif ; aqmif a wG u d k xd p yf + yD ; vuf w G J vk y f a qmif o G m ;zd k @ usaemf &nf & G , f x m;ygw,f ? ” ol @ &J Œ 'k w d , ouf w rf ; twG i f ;
tpd k ; &b¾ma&; vd k a iG j yaewmud k avS s mh c szd k @ / tcG e f t wk w f a umuf c H j cif ; qd k i f & m vk y f x H k ; vk y f e nf ; awG u d k jyKjyif a jymif ;
vJ z d k @ / Ek d i f i H & J Πvl 0 if r _ } uD ; =uyf a &;pepf u d k jyKjyif a jymif ; vJ z d k @ / jynf y a&eH t ay: rS D c k d a e&wmud k avS s mh c szd k @ awG t wG u f
vk y f a qmif o G m ;ygr,f v k d @ orR w u ajymcJ h y gw,f ? tusd w f t e,f rJ q G , f p nf ; ¶H k ; ,S O f + yd K if c J h & wJ h t ay: ol @ &J Œ +yd K if b uf j zpf o l u d k
*k%fjyKpum;ajymcJhovdk rpPwm&GrfrfeDeJ@ ol@rdom;pk&JΠvlxk0efxrf; tpOftvmudkvnf; csD;usL;cJhygw,f? EkdifiHrSm &ifqkdif
ae&wJh jy\emawGtwGuf tajz&Sm wJhae&mrSm &DywfbvDuefawGeJ@ twl vkyfaqmifoGm;ygr,fvdk@ orRw uajymygw,f?
“'Dwdkif;jynf a&SŒqufwdk;wufoGm;zdk@ ta&;rSm b,fvdk twlwuG vufwGJ vkyfaqmifoGm;Ekdifr,f qdkwmudk aqG;aEG;zdk@twGuf
tk y f c sKyf a &;rS L ; &G r f r f e D e J @ vmr,f h o D w if ; ywf a wG t wG i f ; awG @ qH k o G m ;zd k @ vnf ; usaemf &nf & G , f x m; ygw,f ? ” orR w rd e f @
cGef;rajymcif tcsdefydkif;av;rSmyJ rpPwm&GrfrfeDuvnf; abmfpwGef+rdKŒrSm ol@udkaxmufcHolawGudk rdef@cGef; ajym+yD; ol¶H_;edrfh
w,fqkdwmudk vufcHcJhygw,f? “orRw tdkbm;rm;qD usaemfzkef;quf+yD; ol tEkdif&wJhtay: csD;usL;a=umif; ajymcJhygw,f?
ol@udk axmufcHolawGeJ@ ol@&JŒ rJqG,fpnf;¶Hk;a&;tzGJ@[mvnf; *k%fjyK csD;usL;r_ cH,lxdkufyg w,f? olwdk@tm;vHk; usef;rm
aysmf&$ifapzdk@ usaemf qkawmif;ygw,f? 'gayr,fh txl;ojzihfawmh orRw/ orRwuawmfeJ@ olwdk@&JΠorD;i,fawG twGuf
qkawmif;ay;ygw,f?”oleJ@ ol@&JŒ 'kwd,orRwavmif;jzpfol atmufv$wfawmftrwf aygvf ¶dkif,efwdk@[m rJqG,fpnf;¶Hk;yGJrSm
ol w d k @ pG r f ; aqmif E k d i f o rS s tm;uk e f x k w f v k y f a qmif c J h y gw,f v k d @ rpP w m&G r f r f e D u qk d + yD ; axmuf cH o l a wG u d k aus;Zl ; wif p um;
ajymcJ h y gw,f ? “wd k i f ; jynf u d k rwl u G J j ym;wJ h vrf ; a=umif ; uae OD ; aqmif r _ a y;zd k @ cif A sm;wd k @ &J Œ arS s mf v ih f csuf a wG u d k usaemf
jznfhqnf;ay;Ekdifa&; wu,fhudk qEN&SdcJhygw,f? 'gayr,fhvnf; wdkif;jynfu wjcm;acgif;aqmif wa,mufudk a&G;cs,fcJhyg+yD?
'ga=umif h cif A sm;wd k @ eJ @ twl usaemf e J @ usaemf h & J ΠZeD ; jzpf o l Ann wd k @ yg twl w uG pk a ygif ; +yD ; orR w twG u f a &m/ 'D
Ek d i f i H a wmf } uD ; twG u f y g pd w f t m;xuf o ef p G m qk r G e f a umif ; awmif ; vd k u f y gw,f ? cif A sm;wd k @ [m taumif ; qH k ; vl a wG y gyJ /
aus;Zl; txl;wif&Sdygw,fcifAsm;?” a&G;aumufyGJtEkdif&zdk@&mrSm olwdk@ESpfOD;pvHk; taeeJ@ rEkdifrjzpf Ekdifzdk@vdkwJh b,fol@buf
ygr,fqdkwm taotcsm rodcJh&wJh jynfe,fawGtm;vHk;eD;yg;rSm rpPwmtdkbm;rm; u tEkdif&cJhwm yg? tar&dueforRw
a&G;aumufyGJ[m vlxkqENrJ rsm;&meJ@ qHk;jzwfwmr[kwfbJ jynfe,fwckcsif;pDrSm owfrSwf cGJjcm; ay;xm;wJh a&G;aumuf
yG J b k w f t zG J @ ud k , f p m;vS , f r J t a&twG u f e J @ qH k ; jzwf w mjzpf y gw,f ? orR w a&G ; aumuf y G J e J @ twl v$ w f a wmf a &G ; aumuf y G J
awGudkvnf; wygxJ usif;ycJhwmrSm &DywfbvDuefygwDu atmufv$wfawmfrSm tompD; &xm;wm udk qufxdef;EkdifcJh+yD;
'D r k d u &uf w pf y gwD u vnf ; txuf v $ w f a wmf r S m vl r sm;pk j zpf a ewmud k quf x d e f ; xm; Ek d i f c J h y gw,f ?

pmrsufESm (1) tdkbm;rm;tekdif&¶Sdr_ jrefrmtay: oufa&mufr_¶Sdrnf[kqkdrS tquf
ol w d k @ awmif h w if ; cd k i f r mvmovk d y J jref r mjynf & J h ed k i f i H a &;rS m trsm;}uD ; tul t nD quf a y;oG m ;ek d i f r ,f ?
tJvkd,lqw,f? jrefrmjynf&Jh 'Drdkua&pD tajymif;tvJrSm oufa&mufr_awG trsm;}uD;¶Sdr,fvdk@xifw,f” vkd@ ajymygw,f?
tar&duef orRw a¶G;aumufyGJ tekdift¶_H;udk &efukef tar&duef pifwmudk oGm;a&muf =unfh¶_cJhwJh 'Drdku&ufwpfygwD&J@
OuU Ï OD ; ok a 0u jref r mjynf & J h 'D r d k u a&pD tajymif ; tvJ [ m td k b m;rm; vuf x uf r S m jzpf c J h + yD ; awmh tajctaeaumif ;
vmwmvd k @ qd k y gw,f ? “tar&d u ef u k d usaemf w d k @ ed k i f i H a cgif ; aqmif a wG v nf ; cyf r sm;rsm;oG m ;aew,f / quf o G , f r _ a wG
aumif;aew,f? tvm;tvmawG ydkaumif;vmaew,f? tdkbm;rm; orRwvkyfcJhwJh vrf;p qufvuf ¶Snf=umoGm;atmif
ÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚÚ

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (20)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Ed0k ifbmv 2012

orRwjyefjzpfwmukd usaemfuawmh ydkvdkvm;w,f/ }udK qdkw,f? oleJhqufoG,fa&;aumif;vm+yD; qufaumif;oGm;r,fqkd&if
jref r mek d i f i H & J h jyef v nf x l a xmif a &;rS m eS p f z uf t usd K ;wl yd k a umif ; r,f v k d @ wG u f y gw,f ? ” &S r f ; wd k i f ; &if ; om;rsm; 'D r d k u a&pD
tzG J @ csKyf u ajymcG i f h & OD ; pd k i f ; vd w f u awmh td k b m;rm; tek d i f & ¶S d w m[m jref r mek d i f i H a &; tajymif ; tvJ r S m taxmuf t ul
jzpf a pr,f v k d @ arS s mf v if h a yr,f h td k b m;rm;&J h jref r mta&;eJ @ ywf o uf + yD ; awmh ud k i f w G , f r _ wcsd K @rS m awmh qEN a pmwmawG
¶S d a ew,f v d k @ qd k y gw,f ? “'D r k d u a&pD j yKjyif a jymif ; vJ a &;vk y f i ef ; rS m wk d i f ; &if ; om;awG & J h tcef ; u¾uk d csef x m;+yD ; awmh r S
vk y f v k d @ r&bl ; ? wk d i f ; &if ; om;awG e J h ypf c wf a ewJ h ppf y G J a wG &yf w ef @ oG m ;atmif Oyrm &ck d i f t a&;tcif ; vk d [ mrsKd ; ul n D a jz
¶Sif;ay;zkdh vkdovkd wkdif;&if;om;awG vkdtyfaewJh ukd,fykdifjyÏmef;cGifheJh wef;wlnDcGifh &¶Sdzkd@twGufukdvnf; pOf;pm;zkd@ vkdw,f?
pD ; yG m ;a&;yd w f q k d @ r_ ¶k y f o d r f ; wJ h u d p P v k d r sKd ; qk d & if od y f + yD ; a¶S @ a&muf a eao;w,f ? wk d i f ; &if ; om;ud p P / wk d i f ; &if ; om;a'o awG & J h
jzpfysufaewmawGukd taotcsm uGif;qif;avhvm+yD;awmhrS okH;oyfqkH;jzwfapcsifygw,f?” tkdbm;rm; orRw oufwrf;
vufxufrSm jrefrmeJ@ aphpyfndSE_dif;a&; 0g'udk pwifcJhwmjzpf+yD; vuf¶Sdjrefrmtpkd;&u vkyfaqmifcJhwJh jyKjyifajymif;vJr_awG
a=umifh jrefrmudk '%fcwfydwfqdk@wmawG ¶kyfodrf;cJhovdk jrefrm-tar&duef qufqHa&; wdk;jrSifhcJhygw,f? tar&duefuvnf;
avS s mh c sxm;wJ h oH w ref q uf q H a &;ud k jyef v nf j rS i f h w if c J h o vd k ed k i f i H j cm;a&;0ef } uD ; [D v m&D u vif w ef v nf ; jref r mek d i f i H u d k
tvnfvma&mufcJhygw,f? t&if&ufydkif;uvnf; orRw tdkbm;rm;[m jrefrmudk oGm;a&mufr,fvdk@ owif;awG xGufay:
cJ h o vd k tar&d u ef ppf w yf t =uD ; tuJ wcsd K @vnf ; jref r mud k tvnf t ywf c &D ; tjzpf vma&muf c J h y gw,f ?

jrefrmtvkyform;rsm; vlr_zlvkHa&;eSifh usef;rma&; cHpm;cGihfr&olrsm;jym;
(Edk0ifbmv 6&uf 2012- DVB))
xd k i f ; ek d i f i H a &muf w&m;0if jref r ma¶$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;awG [ m xd k i f ;
tvk y f o rm;awG e J @ wef ; wl t cG i h f t a&; &r,f v d k @ pnf ; rsOf ; owf r S w f c suf &d S a yr,h f
vlr_zlvHka&;eJ@ usef;rma&; cHpm;cGihfawG r&ol rsm;aeygw,f? (jrefrmtvkyform;
rsm; tvkyfvkyf ukdifaeonfh xkdif;ekdifiH pcHvbl&Dc¶kdiftwGif;¶Sd txnfcsKyfpuf¶kH
w¶kH) ppfwrf;t& w&m;0ifa¶$@ajymif; tvkyform; 13 OD;rSm wOD;E_ef;yJ usef;rm
a&; cH p m;cG i f h a wG & w,f v d k @ a¶$ @ ajymif ; vk y f o m; tcG i h f t a&;uG e f & uf & J @ OuU Ï
OD;atmif ausmfu ajymygw,f? ” 'Dae@qkd&if wedkifiHvHk;rSm 1 oef; 3 odef;avmuf
w&m;0if tvkyf orm;awGjzpfae+yD? xkdif;tpdk;& jyÏmef;xm;wJh Oya'rSm xkdif;ekdifiHom; enf; wl usef;rma&; apmifha¶Smufr_
cH p m;cG i f h ¶ S d & r,f q k d w J h Oya'ygw,f ? usaemf v nf ; av;pm;pG m vk d u f e mw,f ? }ud K vnf ; }ud K qd k w ,f ? ok d @ aomf v nf ; 1 oef ;
3 od e f ; rS s aom jref r med k i f i H o m;rsm; rS w f y H k w if t+yD ; rS m Oya't& usef ; rma&;apmif h a ¶S m uf r _ cH p m;cG i f h / yuef p cG e f v d k @ ac:wJ h
vl r _ z l v H k a &; toif ; ud k 0if e k d i f c J h w J h vk y f o m;OD ; a&[m wek d i f i H v k H ; rS m vl 1 od e f ; ausmf a usmf yJ ¶ S d a o;w,f ? ” 0ef } uD ; csKyf
ouf q if v uf x uf u pwif t ouf 0 if w J h Oya't& xd k i f ; vk y f o m;awG t wG u f bwf a iG 1900 eJ @ usef ; rma&; tmrcH
vkyfxm;&if aq;&HkrSm bwfaiG 30 eJ@ aq;ukocGihf &aewmyg? 'DtcGihfta&;twGuf tvkyf¶SifawGu wm0ef,l pDpOfay;&rSm
jzpf a yr,h f rvk y f a y;wJ h tvk y f ¶ S i f a wG rsm;aewma=umih f w&m;0if jref r ma¶$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm; trsm;pk usef ; rma&;cH
pm;cG i h f a wG epf e mae&wmvk d @ qk d y gw,f ? vk k y f i ef ; cG i f t wG i f ; rS m cif y G e f ; onf “mwf v d k u f c H & +yD ; aq;&H k a y:rS m 7 &uf a e+yD ;
aoqH k ; cJ h w J h t wG u f tcuf t cJ a wG @ &yH k u k d usef & pf o l rEG , f e D p ef ; u ajymjyygw,f ? “aq;¶k H p &d w f a wG u k d 4 aomif ; avmuf
ay;xm;&w,f ? usef w J h 7 aomif ; uk d a wmh q&m0ef u ol a X;ud k ajymvk d @ &&if v nf ; & r&&if v nf ; w&m;Oya't& wk d i f
r,f a ygh ? q&m0ef u vnf ; 1 v 5000 wwf e k d i f & if 5000/ 1 aomif ; wwf e k d i f & if 1 aomif ; aygh ? 'gayr,f h ol a X;u vH k ;
0quf o G , f v k d @ r&ao;bl ; ?” xd k i f ; ek d i f i H w G i f ; jref r ma¶$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;awG & J @ tcG i h f t a&;twG u f ed k i f i H w um zd t m;
awGa=umihf uav;vkyfom; oHk;pGJr_ avsmhenf; yaysmuf wmuvGJ&if wjcm;tcGihfta&;awGuawmh xdkif;Oya'&J@ umuG,f
r_ u d k & wm tif r wef enf ; aeao;w,f v k d @ qk d y gw,f ? xd k i f ; ek d i f i H A[d k tpd k ; &u ed k i f i H w umtv,f r S m uwd a wG txyf x yf
ay;cJhzl;ayr,hf c&dkifeJ@ +rdK@e,ftqihf tpdk;&awG vufxJrSmawmh usihfoHk;r_ tm;enf;aew,fvkd@ xdkif;ekdifiHtwGif; 4 ESpfavmuf
aecJ h j yD ; jref r med k i f i H a¶S @ aersm;toif ; eJ @ vuf w G J a qmif ¶ G u f z l ; ol a[mif a umif w uU o d k v f u a¶S @ ae(r[mwef ; ) wuf a &muf
aewJh ausmif;om; yDwm arm&pfu ajymygw,f? xdkif;edkifiHrSm a'ocHtpdk;&u tm;aumif;wmrdk@ A[dktpdk;&eJ@ aqmif¶Guf&HkeJ@
wif r+yD ; ajrmuf b J a'ocH atmuf a jctpd k ; &eJ @ yg quf q H a &;aumif ; rS xd a &muf r _ ¶ S d r ,f v d k @ qk d y gw,f ? xd k i f ; ek d i f i H r[D a 'g
wuU o d k v f vl O D ; a&eJ @ vl r _ a &; ok a woeXme a¶$ @ ajymif ; ae xd k i f o l r sm;qd k i f & mXmecG J & J @ ok a woeynm¶S i f rpf p wm tef ' D
a[m&J@ tqdkt& jrefrmedkifiHom; 6 oef;ausmf[m urBmhedkifiH toD;oD;rSm a¶$@ajymif; aexdkifae=u+yD; 2 oef;cGJ ausmfuawmh
xk d i f ; ed k i f i H t wG i f ; rS m aexd k i f y gw,f ?

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (21)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Ed0k ifbmv 2012

jrefrmEkdifiH +idrf;csrf;a&;twGuf EU aiGa=u; axmufyHhrnf
jref r mEk d i f i H u jyKjyif a jymif ; vJ a &; vk y f i ef ; pOf u k d tm;ay;wJ h taeeJ @
axmufyHh ulnDoGm;zkd@ Oa&my or*~u uwdjyKvkdufwJh wcsdefwnf;rSmyJ wkdif;jynf
wG i f ; u yÉd y uQ a wG tqk H ; owf a &; aqmif & G u f z k d @ vnf ; wk d u f w G e f ; vk d u f y g w,f ?
vl a ygif ; 90 eD ; yg; aoqk H ; cJ h & wJ h wausmh j yef wk d u f c k d u f r_ a wG j zpf y G m ;&m &ck d i f
jynf e ,f wG i f ; u jy\emawG / wk d i f ; &if ; om; vuf e uf u k d i f tzJ G @ tpnf ; awG e J @
ajyvnfr_ r&ao;wm awGvkd udpPawG[m 'Drkdua&pD wnfaqmufwJh vkyfief;pOf
twGuf pdefac:r_awG tjzpfeJ@ &SdaeqJ jzpfwJhta=umif; jrefrmEkdifiH ukd a&muf&SdaewJh
Oa&myaumf r &S i f t}uD ; tuJ Jose Manuel Barrosso u paeae@ u
ajymvk d u f w myg? &ck d i f j ynf e ,f u yÉd y uQ a wG a =umih f twd ' k u Q a&muf = u&ol a wG t wG u f tul t nD t jzpf ,l ¶ k d a iG 4 oef ;
pwif axmuf y H h u l n D z k d @ jyif q if x m;wJ h t a=umif ; uk d v nf ; Oa&myaumf r &S i f t}uD ; tuJ u uwd j yKcJ h y gw,f ? Oa&my or*~
(EU) taeeJ @ jref r mEk d i f i H u wk d i f ; &if ; om; tif t m;pk a wG e J @ +id r f ; csrf ; a&;&&S d a &; vk y f i ef ; pOf t wG u f ,l ¶ k d a iG oef ; 30
a&SŒESpfup ay;tyfrSm jzpfw,fvkd@vnf; uwdjyKcJhwmyg? oDwif;wywf=um tm&Sc&D;pOf wpdwfwykdif;tjzpf jrefrmEkdifiHukd
a&muf&SdvmwJh Oa&myaumfr&Sif t}uD;tuJuawmh ol@&JŒjrefrmEkdifiH c&D;pOftwGif; orRwOD;odef;pdef tygt0if jrefrmtpkd;&
wm0ef&Sd olawGeJ@omru t"duEkdifiHa&;ygwD}uD;wckjzpfwJh trsKd;om;'Drkdua&pDtzJG@csKyf (NLD)ygwD
ygwD OuUÏ a':atmifqef;
pk = unf v$ w f a wmf wm0ef & S d o l a wG e J @ yg awG @ qk H c J h y gw,f ?

The Joke

[m',ES v H k ; wc%+yH K ;
=uuf w l a &G ;
pum;wwf a om =uuf w l a &G ; wpf a umif t m; uk d b xl ; wpf a ,muf awmbuf r S 0 ,f v m.?
=uG m ;vk d w J h oabmvJ y gwmeJ @ td r f a &S @ wG i f avS m if t d r f j zif h x nf h u m vrf ; oG m ;vrf ; vmrsm;
jrif a p&ef arG ; xm;.? xk d = uuf w l a &G ; onf avS m if t d r f r S a e Ivrf ; rS jzwf o G m ;ol w k d i f ; uk d ² ²²
acgif ; +id r f h u m r*F v myg [k a jymavh & S d . ? &yf u G u f w G i f ; rS vl r sm;uvnf ; oabmuscsD ; rG r f ; =u.?
xkdvrf;xJwGifvnf; ukdbxl; tdrfaa&SŒrSS ykHrSefjzwfum ausmif;oGm;onfh oli,fcsif;aumifrav;
ok H ; OD ; &S d . ? rd e f ; uav;ok H ; OD ; jzwf a vS s muf v maomtcg ²²² r*F v myg [k yk H r S e f w k d i f ; rajymyJ ² ²²
tjym/ t0g/ teD/ [k ta&mifokH;a&mifukdatmfav.? ae@pOf jzwfoGm;wkdif;atmffavaomtcg
aumif r av; ok H ; OD ; vJ o wd x m;rd u m em;pk d u f a xmif r d . ? =uuf w l a &G ; rS tpd r f ; / tjym/ tjym/ [k &G w f o H u k d = um;.? xk d p Of
rd e f ; uav;wpf a ,muf u oG m ;awG ; rd o nf r S m ²²² 'g igh & J Œ twG i f ; cH a bmif ; bD ta&mif y gvm;[k a wG ; rd + yD ; usef 2 a,muf u k d
ajymjy&m usef 2 a,mufu ,kH&cuf}uD; ykHpHeJ@jzpfae=u.? okdŒeJŒ 3 a,mufom; wkdifyif+yD; teDa&mif atmufcHabmif;bD
qifwl 0wfum jzwfavSsmuf&mwGifvnf; teD/ teD/ teD [k =uufwla&G;rS atmfav.? rdef;uav;rsm;rSm tHtm;vJoifh²²²
vl=um;vkdŒvJraumif;/ a'govJxGufum²²² 'D=uufwla&G;tm; ynmjy&ef t}uHxkwf=u.? aemufqkH; ay:onfht}uHum;²²²
atmuf c H a bmif ; bD r0wf y J =uuf w l a &G ; a&S Œ rS jzwf a vS s muf & ef j zpf . ? 'geJ Œ ²²² ok H ; OD ; om;²²² 'D w cg tyk d i f y J [ k awG ; um
+yKH;&$ifpGmeJŒ =uufwla&G;a&SŒrS²²² qifr,Ofom[efrsKd;jzifh ajz;nSif;pGm avSsmuf=uav.? em;awGuawmh aocsmpGifhxm;+yD;²²²
jzwf a vS s muf = u.? ok d Πaomf bmtoH r S r =um;ay? ok d ΠES i f h toH r =um;vk d Π=uuf w l a &G ; aum &S d a o;&J Πvm;[k awG ; rd u m
vrf;ay:rS okH;OD;om; rwkdifyifyJ vSrf;=unfhvkduf=u.? xkdtcg rdef;uav;okH;OD;tm; pl;pkdufpGmaocsm=unfhaeaom avSmiftdrf
twG i f ; rS =uuf w l a &G ; u pl ; &S u s,f a vmif aomtoH e J Œ atmf v k d u f w mu²²² tysKd / ttk d / tysKd ² ²² wJ h ² ²² wd e f ² ²²
Moenge Aung

WE DO, SO WE ARE (JACBA)
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (22)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Ed0k ifbmv 2012

rufyfa&'D,dk em;qifrvm;/ zGifh-unfhygvm;uG,f
'Dzkef; ESpfvHk;udk owd&
jref r mtvk y f o rm; nD t ud k armif E S r awG
vkyfief;cGifxJrSmyJjzpfjzpf/ vkyfief;cGifjyifyrSmyJ jzpf
jzpf/ tcuftcJ/ jy\em}uHKawG h&&if qufoG,f/
t}uHOm%fawmif;cHekdifzdk h a[m'Dzkef;eHygwfudk owd
&aemf? tvkyform; jy\emppfppfudkom xkdif;
Oya'twdkif; tultnDay;rSm jzpfygw,f?

102.50 MHZ
a&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;awG e J @
ywf o uf w J h
ruf y f
a&'D , d k u d k jref r mtvk y f o rm;wd k i f ; em;qif = uaemf ?
txl ; ojzif h pae ae@eH e uf (11;00 rS 12;00)em&D
rS m aygh ? ae h p Of ruf y f a &'D , d k y H k r S e f xk w f v $ i f h r _ t pD t pOf
eH e uf (07;30 em&D r S n 7;30 em&D d t xd )

(087 849 6545/ 085 602 3573)

*k%fxl;aqmifem,u= a':pef;pef;=(MPU)

2012 Edk0ifbmv tvSL&Sifrsm;pm&if;
(1) a*satpD b D a t- em,u (2)q&mawmf

100 bwf

(2)
(3)

100
100

jref r mrG w f q vif r d w f a qG w pf O D ;
OD ; wd w f E S i f h a':ar=unf

ajym-unf h v k d u f / wk d i f y if - unf h v k d u f a v

bwf
bwf

twdkifyifcH t,f'Dwm ausmfoufaxG;
wm0efcH t,f'Dwm= qefwmuavmhpf
0dkif;awmfom;rsm;

rnf o l r qd k jref r mjynf o m;pmapmif E S i f h ae@opf
tv,f w ef ; ausmif ; /
igwk d @ vrf ; opf t ruausmif ;
twG u f tvS L aiG r sm;/ 0w Î K / uAsm/ aqmif ; yg; pmrl r sm;/

a0zeft}uHjyK csufrsm;udk vGwfvyfpGm aqmif&Gufekdif ygonf? rdrdwdk@
awG @ }uH K &aom tzrf ; tqD ; ES i f h ES d y f p uf c H & r_ ? ted k i f h u sif h c H & r_ owif ;
tcsuf tvuf r sm;ud k v nf ; ay;yd k @ ek d i f y gonf ? zk e f ; om ac:vk d u f y g?

(Tpmapmifudk vpOfykHrSefxkwfa0ekdifa&;twGuf tvSLaiG
rsm; xnf h 0 if = uyg&ef yef = um;tyf y gonf ? Tpmapmif u d k
vpOfrysuf xkwfa0cJhonfrSm ,cktcg 7 ESpf 3 v &Sdyg+yD)

xd k i f ; ed k i f i H a &muf jref r ma&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;rsm;taeeJ @ atmuf
azmf jyyg rJ a qmuf a 'otajcpd k u f xd k i f ; tzG J @ tpnf ; qD u d k jref r mbmomeJ @
quf o G , f tul t nD awmif ; cH e d k i f ygw,f ?
Oya'abmif t wG i f ; t}uH O m%f a wmif ; cH e d k i f y gw,f ? xd k i f ; a&S @ aersm;aumif p D /
Oya'taxmuftuljyKXme ( LLC) (081 7860 925)

&J&ifhatmif/ umwGef; 'Jh'dk;

JACBA
r[maZmf(rauG;)/
c/o.. PO.Box (70) "l0H (zkwfz&m;)
Mae Sot, Tak(63110) OD ; ausmf a omif ; (bef a umuf ) /
Thailand
a'vD , m / ausmf o l & d e f

E-mailwm0ef
cHtjacbaburmese@gmail.com
,f'Dwm
qefwmuavmh(pf)
newdayjacba@gmail.com
Blog- jacbaburma.blogspot.com
Ph- 087 849 6545/ 085 602 3573
Ph087 3089 680 (Dtac)

xd k i f ; -jref r me,f p yf u wd k @ jref r mjynf o m;awG & J @ &k e f ; uef v _ y f
&S m ;r_ e J @ b0tarmæaomutyl a wG u d k ae@pOf t opf w if a ewJ h jref r mjynf
om;bavmh * f r S m wuf z wf y gæ? oif h t wG u f æ vmjyD æ vmjyD æ vmjyD
jrefrmjynfom;bavmh*fæ?
Ph- 087 849 6545
Blog jacbaburma.blogspot.com / Ph- 087 308 9680

‘This material has been funded by UKaid from the Department for International Development,
however the views expressed do not necessarily reflect the department’s official policies.’

T*sme,f u d k UKaid ek d i f i H w um zG H @ +zd K ;wd k ; wuf a &;Xme. yH h y d k ; ul n D r _ j zif h xk w f a 0jcif ; jzpf o nf ? od k @ aomf
T*sme,f w G i f xnf h o G i f ; a&;om;azmf j yxm;csuf r sm;onf Xme. w&m;0if r l 0 g'rsm;ES i f h rnf o d k @ r# ouf q k d i f j cif ; r&S d y g?
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (23)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Ed0k ifbmv 2012

The Joke

[m',ES v H k ; wc%+yH K ;
vk y f o m;jynf o l

wpf & uf r S m om;jzpf o l u ol Πrd c if t m;ar;.?
om;? ? arar²²²²²om;wk d Œ rd o m;pk rS m azazu bmvJ [ if ?
rd c if ? ? om;wk d Œ azaz[m orR w eJ Œ wl w ,f u G J Œ
om;? ? tJ ' gqk d arar ua&m
rd c if ? ? araru tpk d ; &
om;? ? 'gjzif h bG m ;bG m ;ua&m
rd c if ? ? bG m ;bG m ; utwk d u f t cH y gwD
om;? ? usaemf u a&m
rd c if ? ? tif ; ²²²om; [m vk y f o m;jynf o l vk d Œ qk d y gawmŒuG , f r=umrD rd c if jzpf o l r S m tvk y f u d p P j zif h e,f o k d Œ c&D ;
xG u f o G m ;.? &uf t enf ; i,f t =umwG i f td r f w G i f u sef & pf a om om;jzpf o l xH r S pmwapmif a&muf v m.?
a&;xm;aompmrSm²²xkdokdŒjzpf.? “orRw[m tpkd;&opf²² eJŒ yvl;yvJ vkyfaeygw,f? twkduftcHygwDu orRwukd
tumtuG , f ay;aeygw,f ? 'guk d = unf h + yD ; vk y f o m;jynf o l r S m pk d ; &d r f p d w f 0 if v mygw,f ? arar²²²²²²”wJ Œ ?
Moenge Aung
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (24)