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Title: Introduction to the Food Chain Vocabulary Subject(s): Science Grade Level: 3rd (Suitable for multi-level English

Language Learners) Duration: 1 week

Stage 1: Desired Results

VA Standards:

3.5 The student will investigate and understand relationships among organisms in aquatic and terrestrial food chains.

Essential and Guiding Questions:

1.What are predators, prey, producers, consumers, decomposers, carnivores, herbivores and omnivores? 2. How can you distinguish between herbivores, carnivores and omnivores? 3. What is the relationship between a predator and its prey?

VA Objectives:

3.5 Students will be able to: differentiate between predators and prey distinguish among carnivores, herbivores, omnivores, producers, consumers & decomposers.


predator carnivore

prey consumer herbivore omnivore decomposer

producer food chain

Stage 2: Assessment

What will be assessed?

How will it be assessed?

Ongoing - Teacher observation The students understanding of the food chain vocabulary. By the end of the unit, each student will create a visual picture dictionary with examples of the food chain vocabulary. Students will analyze the relationship between a predator and its prey and create an illustration depicting that relationship.

Stage 3: Learning Activity

Materials needed: Teacher-made Anticipation Guide SMARTBoard Senteo Clickers or an equivalent student hand controlled clicker system iPads or Tablets

Pic Collage App

for iPads or Tablets

Who Eats What? by Patricia Lauber

Read Aloud book

Background: Students will use the teacher-made Food Chain Anticipation Guide. This Anticipation Guide, with true & false statements about the vocabulary, will be displayed on the SMARTBoard. The students prior knowledge of the food chain vocabulary will be assessed through the percentage results given by the student Senteo Clickers. Students background knowledge of food chains will be accessed by participating in an interactive read aloud of the book entitled, Who Eats What? by Patricia Lauber. During the interactive read aloud, students will write the names of the animals they hear in the book on a sticky note. At the conclusion of the book, students can work in small groups to create a food chain using their sticky notes.


Teacher will administer the Food Chain Anticipation Guide to access background knowledge and to frame students new learning. Teacher will interactively read aloud book, Who Eats What? Teacher will introduce introduce the Pic Collage App on the iPad or Tablet. Teacher will model creating a vocabulary page using this app and provide a visual example for students to follow. The teacher will review the food chain concepts addressed, focusing on the vocabulary. Throughout the week, students will work in pairs on their iPads or Tablets, to log on to the following websites for a deeper understanding of the vocabulary terms. The students will interact with the websites for practice applying the concepts. For Prey & Predator practice: foodpuzzlechain.html) (

For Carnivores, Herbivores & Ominivores practice: ( /games/animaldietgame.htm) For Producers,Consumers & Decomposers practice: (http:// producersconsumersgame.htm)

Assessment: Students will display their picture dictionaries and explain one page of the dictionary orally to the class.
Low Level Group Model Mid Level Group Model High Level Group Model


Low level group: Limited English language proficiency students will work in a small group, with teacher support, to create a Visual Picture Dictionary that includes only pictures and labels. Mid level group: These students will work with a partner to create a Visual Picture Dictionary that includes labels & captions. Highest level group: These students will work independently to create a Visual Picture Dictionary that includes labels, captions & a written explanation of each term.


Directions: Read each statement below. Write (T) for true or (F) for false for each statement. Before Reading Statements After Reading

A food chain is a chain of food.

Carnivores are animals that only eat meat.

An animal that is hunted, killed & eaten is called a prey.

A producer makes its own food.

Food chains are only found in the ocean.

Omnivores eat plants and animals.

Fungi and mold are examples of decomposers.

A consumer eats food to get energy.

Large animals only eat small animals.

Herbivores are animals that eat only plants.

It is always possible to figure out what kind of food an animal eats by looking at its adaptations Predators are animals who hunt, kill and eat their prey.