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What is wireless charging

Wireless charging is one of the (recent advances) advanced techniques of charging batteries without the use of cables or device-specific AC adaptors. Contactless energy transfer or wireless power is the transmission of electrical energy from a power source to an electrical load without man-made interconnecting conductors. Wireless transmission is useful in cases where interconnecting wires are inconvenient, hazardous, or impossible. The problem of wireless power transmission differs from that of wireless telecommunications, such as radio. In the latter, the proportion of energy received becomes critical only if it is too low for the signal to be distinguished from the background noise. With wireless power, efficiency is the more significant parameter. A large part of the energy sent out by the generating plant must arrive at the receiver or receivers to make the system economical. Wireless charging can be used for a wide variety of devices including cell phones, laptop computers and MP3 players as well as larger objects, such as batteries of robots and electric cars.

Imagine a world without cords - Cut the cord!
With today’s portable devices demanding an increasing amount of power, and higherpower batteries requiring more advanced control systems, engineers must now consider a number of safety risks in new and existing designs. Qi-compliant contact-less charging, not only meets Wireless Power Consortium specifications, it is an option for any device that is powered by a USB or 5V/19V DC adapters. It’s often said that a technological development will bring about immense change in our lives; in the case of Wireless Power, we are beginning to see this transformation take place. By liberating electronics engineering from the concerns of being tethered to a power supply, a new world of opportunities is being opened up. Cadsoft, Texas Instruments, Würth Elektronik and we at element14 have all come together to inform, educate and hopefully inspire you to make the most of this technology.

TI transforms mobile charging experience with wireless power
Single-chip wireless power receiver with integrated battery charger enables faster, more efficient charging; next-generation transmitter expands charge area DALLAS (Nov. 7, 2012) – Making wireless power a reality, Texas Instruments Incorporated
(TI) (NASDAQ: TXN) today introduced its first single-chip wireless power receiver with integrated battery charger and a new “free-position” transmitter integrated circuit, which expands the charge area by 400 percent. The two bqTESLA™ circuits give smartphone users a simpler, stress-free charging experience and help designers implement wireless power technology in more places, such as automotive consoles, charging pads and office furniture. For samples and bqTESLA development kits, visit: www.ti.com/wirelesspower-pr.

TI’s bq51050B is the industry’s first Wireless Power Consortium (WPC) 1.1 Qi-compliant wireless power receiver with integrated direct battery charger, and enables faster, more efficient charging of smartphones, wireless keyboards and other portable electronics. The

TI has current solutions that support Qicompliant devices. As the leading provider of power management ICs. When you place your toothbrush in the charger. The more loops the coil makes. which connects to the battery. Making wireless power a reality Wireless power is an emerging technology that creates a better charging experience for consumers. It takes three basic steps: 1. 400-percent larger compared to today’s 18-mm by 18-mm “bull’s-eye” charge space.com/wirelesspower-pr The wireless transmission of energy is common in much of the world. tiny integrated circuit. Any time electrical current moves through a wire.ti. If you place a second coil of wire in the magnetic field you've created. . The controller allows a Qi-compliant smartphone or other portable device to charge in a surface area of at least 70 mm by 20 mm. and relies on a unique parasitic metal and foreign object detection feature to safely protect the system and stop delivering power if a metal object is detected between the transmitter and receiver. 2. The bq500410A achieves greater than 70-percent efficiency. Inductive Coupling Inductive coupling uses magnetic fields that are a natural part of current's movement through wire. Current from the wall outlet flows through a coil inside the charger. This is essentially how a transformer works. In a transformer. 3. including battery management and power supply technology. it creates a circular magnetic field around the wire. In addition to the receiver. single-stage design delivers the industry’s highest system efficiency and saves up to 60-percent board space compared to a multi-stage implementation. A similar method for transferring electrical power would be both inefficient and dangerous. Bending the wire into a coil amplifies the magnetic field. This current recharges the battery. this coil is called the primary winding. TV. – eliminating the need for a separate battery charger circuit. radio and WiFi signals every day. and it's how an electric toothbrush recharges. the field can induce a current in the wire. the bigger the field will be. The radio waves spread in all directions until they reach antennae that are tuned to the right frequency. TI relies on power design expertise to drive innovations in wireless charging. TI’s bq500410A is the first WPC 1. or secondary winding. The inductor-free. Radio waves are energy. voltage conditioning.unique 20-V receiver combines rectification. and will expand its portfolio to support future. design tools and resources are making wireless power a reality. the magnetic field induces a current in another coil. TI’s advanced receiver and transmitter integrated circuits.1-ready wireless power transfer controller to support A6 transmitters. and people use them to send and receive cell phone. just as Wi-Fi replaced the need to use an Ethernet cable for Internet connectivity. viable technologies. creating a magnetic field. communication control and Li-Ion charging capability in a single. www.

as it just might be the first step toward embracing wireless power on a truly large scale. The lofty goal is to have a ready-made platform for charging up a mobile device or peripheral just by keeping it close to another device with a charger builtin. such as Batteries of electric car. such as a wire. MP3 players and PDAs. Inductive charging is used for charging mid-sized items such as cell phones. Both coils are tuned to the same electromagnetic frequency. which makes it possible for energy to be transferred from one to the other. it will charge the device's battery. two-way resonance chipset into the hands of hardware makers until sometime during the first half of 2013. to the point where we thought its implementation would forever remain a concept for the lab. vacuum cleaner or laptop computer. Resonance charging is used for items that require large amounts of power. We'll take it all the same. television. Nikola Tesla wirelessly transmitted 100 million volts of electricity 26 miles to light 200 bulbs and run an electric motor. generates radio waves. Another coil. Intel has been talking up wireless charging for years. such as watches. In 1899. Other methods under consideration include electromagnetic radiation in the form of microwaves or lasers. backed strenuously by Thomas Edison. at that time direct current (DC. there's none of the unseemly contact plates used with inductive wireless power.The method works over short distances (3-5 meters).The most common form of wireless power transmission is carried out using direct induction followed by resonant magnetic induction. Radio charging is used for charging items with small batteries and low power requirements. medical implants. When the device requires a charge. DC. Not so: Intel is having Integrated Device Technology (IDT) build a real-world chipset to support resonance charging in our gadgets. magnetic field lines around the conductor and lines of electric force radially about the conductor. In resonance charging. carries electrical energy. let alone into a shipping product. Intel's commitment is still very much early and won't put a full. radio and Wi-Fi signals. However. The idea of wireless power transmission is not new. attached to the device to be charged. which is the wired method) and alternating current (AC) were competing technologies. cell phones. hearing aids. A transmitter. an adapter equipped with contact points is attached to the device's back plate. Radio charging 3. Inductive charging. it is placed on a conductive charging pad. Wireless radio charging works similarly. 2. is the receiver. Radio waves are already in use to transmit and receive cellular telephone. There are three methods of wireless charging: 1. In inductive charging. which is plugged into a socket. An electric current flowing through a conductor. When an electric current passes through a circuit there is an electric field in the dielectric surrounding the conductor. Resonance charging. such as an Ultrabook. MP3 players and wireless keyboard and mice. robot. a copper coil attached to a power source is the sending unit. . When the receiver attached to the device is set to the same frequency as the transmitter. emerged the winner. plugged into a socket.

3. Mobile phone and electric toothbrush battery chargers. The higher the frequency the more preponderant become the inductive effects that transfer energy from circuit to circuit across space. . Coupling must be tight in order to achieve high efficiency.The electric field of a circuit over which energy flows has three main axes at right angles with each other: 1. With electrodynamic induction. Even over a relatively short range the inductive coupling is grossly inefficient. This action of an electrical transformer is the simplest form of wireless power transmission. concentric with the conductor. Near field energy itself is non-radiative but some radiative losses do occur. electric current flowing through a primary coil creates a magnetic field that acts on a secondary coil producing a current within it. The magnetic field. Induction cookers use this method. the magnetic and the electric field start at the conductor and run outwards into space with the speed of light. The lines of electric force. the fields also alternate. Electromagnetic induction is proportional to the intensity of the current and voltage in the conductor which produces the fields and to the frequency. a socalled transient. Higher induction resulting from the higher frequency is the explanation of the apparent difference in the propagation of high frequency disturbances from the propagation of the low frequency power of alternating current systems. In an alternating current circuit. 2. Part of the energy of the primary conductor passes inductively across space into secondary conductor and the energy decreases rapidly along the primary conductor. The main drawback to this basic form of wireless transmission is short range. Energy is transferred from a conductor that produces the fields (the primary) to any conductor on which the fields impinge (the secondary). In addition there are usually resistive losses. that is. Where these alternating fields impinge on another conductor a voltage and a current are induced. wasting much of the transmitted energy. Principal functions are stepping the primary voltage either up or down and electrical isolation. The higher the frequency the more intense the induction effect. with every half wave of current and of voltage. more and more of the magnetic field misses the secondary. parallel to the conductor. Energy transfer takes place through a process known as mutual induction. The primary and secondary circuits of a transformer are not directly connected. As the distance from the primary is increased. and electrical power distribution transformers are examples of how this principle is used. Any change in the electrical conditions of the circuit. A high frequency current does not pass for long distances along a conductor but rapidly transfers its energy by induction to adjacent conductors. The receiver must be directly adjacent to the transmitter or induction unit in order to efficiently couple with it. radial to the conductor. whether internal or external involves a readjustment of the stored magnetic and electric field energy of the circuit. The power gradient. The electrodynamic induction wireless transmission technique is near field over distances up to about one-sixth of the wavelength used. that is.