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Universidad Nacional Pedro Ruiz Gallo


DISEO DE UNA ZAPATA COMBINADA
Distancia entre columnas

t
Ko
NPT
Dt
S/C
fc
Fy

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

4.00 m

1.90

kg/cm2

3000
+ 0.25
- 1.40
400
210
4200

Tn/m2
m
m
kg/cm2
kg/cm2
kg/cm2

CARGAS EN LAS COLUMNAS


COLUMNA 1:

( 0.3

x 0.4 )

COLUMNA 2:

( 0.3

x 0.4 )

Pd
PL

=
=

60.0 Tn
35.0 Tn

Pd
PL

= 90.0 Tn
= 50.0 Tn

MDL
MLL
MSL
PSL

=
=
=
=

3.5
2.5
7.5
25.0

Tn-m
Tn-m
Tn-m
Tn

MDL
MLL
MSL
PSL

= 4.5
= 3.0
= 8.0
= 35.0

Tn-m
Tn-m
Tn-m
Tn

MDT
MLT
MST
PST

=
=
=
=

3.0
2.0
6.0
20.0

Tn-m
Tn-m
Tn-m
Tn

MDT
MLT
MST
PST

= 3.5
= 2.5
= 7.0
= 30.0

Tn-m
Tn-m
Tn-m
Tn

SOLUCION:
1.- Esfuerzo Neto Del Suelo:

N
N

= 19 -

0.40

- 1.65 x 2.0

= 15.30 Tn/m2

1.1- Esfuerzo Neto Del Suelo con Sismo:


El esfuerzon neto del suelo con sismo es el 30% mas, del esfuerzo neto del suelo.

Ns
Ns

= 1.3 x 19 -

0.40

- 1.65 x 2.0

= 21.00 Tn/m2

Concreto Armado II

1.....

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Universidad Nacional Pedro Ruiz Gallo


2.- Dimensionamiento En Planta.
A.- Cargas de Gravedad:
4.40 m
Mt1
ML1

P1

=
=
=

5.0 Tn-m
6.0 Tn-m
95.0 Tn

XR

P2

= 6.0 Tn-m
= 7.5 Tn-m
= 140.0 Tn

Rs

XR =

4.40

x 140.0 +
235.0

L =

2 x

2.88

Mt2
ML2

6.0

5.76

7.5

+ 0.20 =

2.88 m

L = 5.80 m

B = ?

3
L =

Az =

5.80

P
235.0
=
= 15.36 m2
N
15.3

B =

15.36
= 2.65 m
5.80

B =

2.70

REEMPLAZAMOS EN LA FORMULA SIGUIENTE:

1 = 2 =
5.80

235.0
x 2.70

6.0
7.29

x 11.0
= 16.57 Tn/m2 > 15.30 Tn/m2
x 5.80

5.80

235.0
x 2.70

6.0
7.29

x 11.0
= 13.45 Tn/m2 < 15.30 Tn/m2
x 5.80

3 = 4 =

Area de Zapata:
Az =
B =

1.10
17.2
5.80

Concreto Armado II

(
x
=

5.80

Se Calcula Nueva Area De Zapata


x

2.97 m

2.70

Cambiar Area De
Zapata
Ok

= 17.2 m2
B = 3.00 m

Entonces:
L = 5.80 m
B = 3.00 m

2.....

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Universidad Nacional Pedro Ruiz Gallo

1 = 2 =
5.80

235.0
x 3.00

6.0
9.00

x 11.0
= 14.77 Tn/m2 < 15.30 Tn/m2
x 5.80

Ok

5.80

235.0
x 3.00

6.0
9.00

x 11.0
= 12.24 Tn/m2 < 15.30 Tn/m2
x 5.80

Ok

3 = 4 =

B.- Cargas de Gravedad Mas Sismo Longitudinal Horario:


4.40 m
Mt1
ML1

P1

=
=
=

5.0 Tn-m
13.5 Tn-m
120 Tn

XR

Mt2
ML2

P2

= 6.0 Tn-m
= 15.5 Tn-m
= 175.0 Tn

Rs

XR =

4.40

x 175.0 + 13.5 + 15.5


+ 0.20 =
295.0

e =

2.91

5.80

295.0
x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 295.0
6.00
x 0.01 +
x 33.64
9.00

x 11.00 =
18.37 Tn/m2 < 21.00 Tn/m2 Ok
x 5.80

2 =

295.0
5.80 x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 295.0
6.00
x 0.01 +
x 33.64
9.00

x 11.00 =
18.07 Tn/m2 < 21.00 Tn/m2 Ok
x 5.80

3 =

295.0
5.80 x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 295.0
x 0.01 x 33.64

6.00
9.00

x 11.00 =
15.84 Tn/m2 < 21.00 Tn/m2 Ok
x 5.80

4 =

295.0
5.80 x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 295.0
x 0.01 x 33.64

6.00
9.00

x 11.00 =
15.54 Tn/m2 < 21.00 Tn/m2 Ok
x 5.80

1 =

5.80
2

2.91 m

= 0.008 m

C.- Cargas de Gravedad Mas Sismo Longitudinal Antihorario:


4.40 m
Mt1
ML1

P1

=
=
=

5.0 Tn-m
-1.5 Tn-m
70 Tn

XR
4.40

x 105.0 + -1.5
175.0

e =

2.83

Concreto Armado II

P2

= 6.0 Tn-m
= -0.5 Tn-m
= 105.0 Tn

Rs

XR =

5.80
2

Mt2
ML2

-0.5

+ 0.20 =

2.83 m

= -0.07 m
3.....

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Universidad Nacional Pedro Ruiz Gallo

1 =

175.0
5.80 x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 175.0
6.00
x -0.07 +
x 33.64
9.00

x 11.00 =
10.58 Tn/m2 < 21.00 Tn/m2 Ok
x 5.80

5.80

175.0
x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 175.0
6.00
x -0.07 +
x 33.64
9.00

x 11.00 =
12.07 Tn/m2 < 21.00 Tn/m2 Ok
x 5.80

5.80

175.0
x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 175.0
x -0.07 x 33.64

6.00
9.00

x 11.00 =
x 5.80

8.05 Tn/m2 < 21.00 Tn/m2 Ok

5.80

175.0
x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 175.0
x -0.07 x 33.64

6.00
9.00

x 11.00 =
x 5.80

9.54 Tn/m2 < 21.00 Tn/m2 Ok

2 =

3 =

4 =

D.- Cargas de Gravedad Mas Sismo Trasnversal Horario:


4.40 m
Mt1
ML1

P1

=
=
=

11.0 Tn-m
6.0 Tn-m
115 Tn

XR

Mt2
ML2

P2

= 13.0 Tn-m
= 7.5 Tn-m
= 170.0 Tn

Rs

XR =

4.40

x 170.0 +
285.0

e =

2.87

5.80

285.0
x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 285.0
6.00
x -0.03 +
x 33.64
9.00

x 24.00 =
18.66 Tn/m2 < 21.00 Tn/m2 Ok
x 5.80

2 =

285.0
5.80 x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 285.0
6.00
x -0.03 +
x 33.64
9.00

x 24.00 =
19.61 Tn/m2 < 21.00 Tn/m2 Ok
x 5.80

3 =

285.0
5.80 x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 285.0
x -0.03 x 33.64

6.00
9.00

x 24.00 =
13.15 Tn/m2 < 21.00 Tn/m2 Ok
x 5.80

4 =

285.0
5.80 x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 285.0
x -0.03 x 33.64

6.00
9.00

x 24.00 =
14.10 Tn/m2 < 21.00 Tn/m2 Ok
x 5.80

1 =

5.80
2

6.0

7.5

+ 0.20 =

2.87 m

= -0.03 m

E.- Cargas de Gravedad Mas Sismo Trasnversal Antihorario:


4.40 m
Mt1
ML1

P1

=
=
=

XR
Concreto Armado II

-1.0 Tn-m
6.0 Tn-m
75 Tn

Mt2
ML2

P2

= -1.0 Tn-m
= 7.5 Tn-m
= 110.0 Tn

Rs
4.....

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Universidad Nacional Pedro Ruiz Gallo

XR =

4.40

x 110.0 +
185.0

e =

2.89

5.80

185.0
x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 185.0
6.00
x -0.01 +
x 33.64
9.00

x
x

-2.00 =
10.28 Tn/m2 < 21.00 Tn/m2 Ok
5.80

5.80

185.0
x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 185.0
6.00
x -0.01 +
x 33.64
9.00

x
x

-2.00 =
10.52 Tn/m2 < 21.00 Tn/m2 Ok
5.80

3 =

185.0
5.80 x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 185.0
x -0.01 x 33.64

6.00
9.00

x
x

-2.00 =
10.74 Tn/m2 < 21.00 Tn/m2 Ok
5.80

4 =

185.0
5.80 x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 185.0
x -0.01 x 33.64

6.00
9.00

x
x

-2.00 =
10.98 Tn/m2 < 21.00 Tn/m2 Ok
5.80

1 =

2 =

5.80
2

6.0

7.5

+ 0.20 =

2.89 m

= -0.01 m

3.- Esfuerzos Ultimos En El Suelo:


A.- Cargas de Gravedad:

U =

1.4 D

1.7

4.40 m
Mt1
ML1

P1

=
=
=

9.15

Tn-m
Tn-m

143.5

Tn

7.6

XR

4.40

x 211.0 +
354.5

e =

2.88

1 =

P2

= 9.15 Tn-m
= 11.4 Tn-m
= 211.0 Tn

Rs

XR =

5.80
2

Mt2
ML2

9.2

+ 11.4

+ 0.20 =

2.88 m

= -0.02 m

354.5
x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 354.5
x -0.02
x 33.6

6.0
9.00

x 16.8
= 21.81 Tn/m2
x 5.80

2 =

354.5
5.80 x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 354.5
x -0.02
x 33.6

6.0
9.00

x 16.8
= 22.79 Tn/m2
x 5.80

3 =

354.5
5.80 x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 354.5
x -0.02
x 33.6

6.0
9.00

x 16.8
= 17.96 Tn/m2
x 5.80

354.5
x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 354.5
x -0.02
x 33.6

6.0
9.00

x 16.8
= 18.94 Tn/m2
x 5.80

5.80

4 =
5.80
Concreto Armado II

5.....

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Universidad Nacional Pedro Ruiz Gallo


B.- Cargas de Gravedad Mas Sismo Longitudinal Horario:
U =

1.25 D

1.25 L

+ 1

SISMO

4.40 m
Mt1
ML1

P1

=
=
=

Tn-m

6.25

Mt2
ML2

15.00 Tn-m
143.8

Tn

XR

P2

Rs

XR =

4.40

x 210.0 + 15.0 + 17.4


+ 0.20 =
353.8

e =

2.90

1 =

2.904

= 0.004 m

5.80

353.8
x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 353.8
x 0.004 +
x 33.6

6.0
9.00

x 13.8
= 21.99 Tn/m2
x 5.80

5.80

353.8
x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 353.8
x 0.004 +
x 33.6

6.0
9.00

x 13.8
= 21.84 Tn/m2
x 5.80

5.80

353.8
x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 353.8
x 0.004
x 33.6

6.0
9.00

x 13.8
= 18.82 Tn/m2
x 5.80

353.8
5.80 x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 353.8
x 0.004
x 33.6

6.0
9.00

x 13.8
= 18.68 Tn/m2
x 5.80

2 =

3 =

4 =

5.80
2

= 7.50 Tn-m
= 17.38 Tn-m
= 210.0 Tn

C.- Cargas de Gravedad Mas Sismo Longitudinal Antihorario:


U =

1.25 D

1.25 L

- 1

SISMO

4.40 m
Mt1
ML1

P1

=
=
=

6.25 Tn-m
0 Tn-m
93.75 Tn

XR

4.40

x 140.0 +
233.8

e =

2.84

Concreto Armado II

P2

= 7.50 Tn-m
= 1.38 Tn-m
= 140.00 Tn

Rs

XR =

5.80
2

Mt2
ML2

0.0

1.4

+ 0.20 =

2.841

= -0.06 m

6.....

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1 =
5.80

233.8
x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 233.8
x -0.06
x 33.6

6.0
9.00

x 13.8
= 14.20 Tn/m2
x 5.80

5.80

233.8
x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 233.8
x -0.06
x 33.6

6.0
9.00

x 13.8
= 15.83 Tn/m2
x 5.80

3 =

233.8
5.80 x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 233.8
x -0.06
x 33.6

6.0
9.00

x 13.8
= 11.04 Tn/m2
x 5.80

4 =

233.8
5.80 x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 233.8
x -0.06
x 33.6

6.0
9.00

x 13.8
= 12.67 Tn/m2
x 5.80

2 =

D.- Cargas de Gravedad Mas Sismo Transversal Horario:

U =

1.25 D

1.25 L

+ 1

SISMO

4.40 m
Mt1
ML1

P1

=
=
=

12.3 Tn-m
7.5 Tn-m
138.8 Tn

XR

4.40

x 205.0 +
343.8

e =

2.87

1 =

P2

= 14.50 Tn-m
= 9.38 Tn-m
= 205.00 Tn

Rs

XR =

5.80
2

Mt2
ML2

7.5

9.4

+ 0.20 =

2.873

= -0.03 m

343.8
x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 343.8
x -0.03
x 33.6

6.0
9.00

x 26.8
= 22.28 Tn/m2
x 5.80

2 =

343.8
5.80 x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 343.8
x -0.03
x 33.6

6.0
9.00

x 26.8
= 23.38 Tn/m2
x 5.80

3 =

343.8
5.80 x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 343.8
x -0.03
x 33.6

6.0
9.00

x 26.8
= 16.13 Tn/m2
x 5.80

343.8
x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 343.8
x -0.03
x 33.6

6.0
9.00

x 26.8
= 17.23 Tn/m2
x 5.80

5.80

4 =
5.80

Concreto Armado II

7.....

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Universidad Nacional Pedro Ruiz Gallo


E.- Cargas de Gravedad Mas Sismo Transversal Antihorario:
U =

1.25 D

1.25 L

- 1

SISMO

4.40 m
Mt1
ML1

P1

=
=
=

0.25 Tn-m
7.5 Tn-m
98.75 Tn

Mt2
ML2

XR

Rs

XR =

4.40

x 145.0 +
243.8

e =

2.89

1 =

7.5

9.4

+ 0.20 =

2.887

= -0.01 m

5.80

243.8
x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 243.8
x -0.01
x 33.6

6.0
9.00

x 0.8
= 13.90 Tn/m2
x 5.80

5.80

243.8
x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 243.8
x -0.01
x 33.6

6.0
9.00

x 0.8
= 14.29 Tn/m2
x 5.80

5.80

243.8
x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 243.8
x -0.01
x 33.6

6.0
9.00

x 0.8
= 13.73 Tn/m2
x 5.80

243.8
5.80 x 3.00

6.0
3.00

x 243.8
x -0.01
x 33.6

6.0
9.00

x 0.8
= 14.12 Tn/m2
x 5.80

2 =

3 =

4 =

5.80
2

P2

= 0.50 Tn-m
= 9.38 Tn-m
= 145.00 Tn

POR LO TANTO EL ESFUERZO DE DISEO ES:

= 23.38 Tn/m2

Combinacion de:
4.40 m

1.25 D + 1.25

L + 1

STH

1.20 m

= 23.38 Tn/m2

B = 3.00 m

L
Concreto Armado II

= 5.80 m
8.....

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4.- Dimensionamiento En Altura:
- Verificacion Por Rigidez.

1.75

4
0

4.40 = 1.75

15000 210 x # x 3 h3 12
3000 x 3.00

15000 210 x # x 3 h3 12
3000 x 3.00

h = 0.55 m

0.88

4
0

1.20 = 0.88

h = 0.24 m

Entonces Tomamos la mayor

h = 0.55 m
h = 0.60 m

Por lo tanto La Altura Sera :


5.- Verificacion Por Corte como Viga:
5.1.-Diagrama De Fuerza Cortante.

120.8 Tn
14.03

Tn

0.720

Vud= ?

84.17

Tn

124.72 Tn

Debe cumplirse la sgte condicion:


d1 =

60.0

1.91
2

d1 = 52.05 cm

Vc =

0.53


d2 =

60.0

- 7 -

1.91

1.91
2

d2 = 50.14 cm

0.85

210

( 300) ( 52.05 ) x 10

Vc = 101.9 Tn
Vc >
Vud

Vud

Ok

= 90.52 Tn

Concreto Armado II

9.....

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6.- Verificacion Por Cortante Por Punzonamiento:

- El Corte por Punzonamiento se ubica a una distancia d/2 de la cara del apoyo.

d/2

d/2

d/2

C1
0.40

C2
d/2

0.30

d/2

0.30

d/2

0.40

d/2

d/2

d/2
d/2

a.- Columna Exterior:


m = 40.00 + 52.05 =
2
b0 =

2 ( 66)

66.0 cm

n =

30

+ 50.14 = 80.14 cm

A0 = 66.0 x 80.14 = 5291

+ 80.14 = 212.2 cm

cm2

- Reemplazando:
Vucp =

0.53

Vucp

1.1

210

( 212) ( 52.05 ) x 10

= 149.6 Tn
Vucp

Vup = 138.75
Vup

Ok

Vup

- 23.38 ( 0.529 )

= 126.4 Tn

b.- Columna Interior:


m = 40.00 + 52.05 =

92.0 cm

n =

b0 =

90 )

= 364.4 cm

A0 = 92.0 x 90.14 = 8296

210

( 364) ( 50.14 ) x 10

( 92

40

+ 50.14 = 90.14 cm
cm2

- Reemplazando:
Vucp =

0.53

Vucp

1.1

= 247.5 Tn
Vucp

Vup = 205.00
Vup

Concreto Armado II

Vup

Ok

- 23.38 ( 0.830 )

= 185.6 Tn

10.....

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Universidad Nacional Pedro Ruiz Gallo


7.- Calculo Del Refuerzo:
a.- Refuerzo Longitudinal.
- DMF
144.15

Tn-m

25.59 Tn-m
1.40 Tn-m
50.50 Tn-m
2.23 m

As2
As1

As3
t+d

t+d/2

As,min = 0.0018 ( 300 ) ( 60 )


As,min = 32.40 cm2

Usando Barras N-

N Barras = 32.40
= 16.36 =
1.98

17 Barras

- Separacion:
S

300

- 10
16

= 18.13 cm

Usar 1 N 5 @ 0.18 m

- Calculo del area de acero:


As1 = ?
Mu
b
d
a
As
Concreto Armado II

=
=
=
=
=

1.40
300
52.05
10.41
0.712

Tn-m
cm
cm
cm
cm2
11.....

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Universidad Nacional Pedro Ruiz Gallo


Usando Barras N 5
N Barras = 32.40
= 16.36 =
1.98

17 Barras

- Separacion:
S

300

- 10
16

= 18.13 cm

Usar 1 N 5 @ 0.18 m
As2 = ?
Mu
b
d
a
As

=
=
=
=
=

144.2
300
52.05
10.41
83.88

Tn-m
cm
cm
cm
cm2

Usando Barras N 6
N Barras = 83.88
= 29.43 =
2.85

30 Barras

- Separacion:
S

300

- 10
29

10

cm

Usar 1 N 6 @ 0.10 m
As3 = ?
Mu
b
d
a
As

=
=
=
=
=

50.5
300
52.05
10.41
26.75

Tn-m
cm
cm
cm
cm2

Usando Barras N 5
N Barras = 32.40
= 16.36 =
1.98

17 Barras

- Separacion:
S

300

- 10
16

= 18.13 cm

Usar 1 N 5 @ 0.18 m
Concreto Armado II

12.....

FICSA ....

Universidad Nacional Pedro Ruiz Gallo


b.-

Refuerzo Tranversal:

1.30 m

50.14 cm

Mu = 23.38 ( 0.92) ( 1.3 )2


= 18.2 Tn-m
2
b
d
a
As

= 92 cm
= 50.14 cm
= 10.03 cm
= 10.11 cm2
As,min = 0.0018 ( 92 ) ( 60 )
As,min = 9.94 cm2

Usando Barras N 5
N Barras = 10.11
1.98

= 5.107 =

Barras

- Separacion:
S

92
5

18.4 cm

Usar 1 N 5 @ 0.18 m

Concreto Armado II

13.....