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Caribbean Journal of Science, Vol. 41, No. 1, 150-152, 2005 Copyright 2005 College of Arts and Sciences University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez ¨

Monitoring Efforts Yield New Plant Records For Mona Island, Puerto Rico, A Tropical Dry Forest Wonderland
ELVIA J. MELÉNDEZ-ACKERMAN1,2, SUSAN ARAGÓN1,3, MARIELY MORALES-VARGAS1,3, JOSÉ SUSTACHE4, FRANKLIN S. AXELROD3, CHAMARY FUENTES1,3, JAMES D. ACKER3 5 MAN , M IGUEL G ARCÍA , AND D ENNY S. 6 1 FERNÁNDEZ CREST-Center for Tropical Applied Ecology and Conservation, PO Box 29341, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00931-3341. 2Institute for Tropical Ecosystem Studies, University of Puerto Rico, PO Box 21910, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00931-1910, elmelend@upracd. upr.clu.edu. 3Department of Biology, University of Puerto Rico, PO Box 23360, San Juan PR 00931-3360. 4Herbarium, Bureau of Fisheries and Wildlife, Department of Natural Resources and the Environment, PO Box 9066600 San Juan, Puerto Rico 00906-6600. 5Endangered Species Office, Bureau of Fisheries and Wildlife, Department of Natural Resources and the Environment, PO Box 9066600 San Juan Puerto Rico 00906-6600. 6Department of Biology, University of Puerto Rico, CUH Station, Humacao, Puerto Rico 00791
ABSTRACT.—Intensive ecological monitoring on Mona Island, Puerto Rico, yielded seven new floristic records for the island. We report for the first time the following flowering plants: Chamaescyse ophthalmica (Pers.) D. G. Burch, Flueggea acidoton (L.) G. L. Webster (both Euphorbiaceae), Heteropogon contortus (L.) P. Beauv. ex Roem. & Schult. (Poaceae), Neptunia plena (L.) Benth. (Fabaceae), Piriqueta

ms. submitted August 10, 2004; accepted December 28, 2004

Puente and J. 4 November 2001. Ackerman and Eugenio Santiago. (UPRRP.) Urban (Rubiaceae). 3641 (UPRRP. Webster (Euphorbiaceae)—Voucher: Bajura de Los Cerezos. elevation near sea level. Garrastazú s. 67°51’57”W). limestone sand.n. J. Vouchers: Playa Sardinera. Beauv. ex Roem.) Rolfe (Orchidaceae). but is locally common in eastern Dominican Republic (Ackerman 1995).—Flora.) Rolfe (Orchidaceae)—Plants were previously reported growing on dead Plumeria obtusata L. A. Mona Island. A. 17 June 2004. Proyecto Mona 174) Neptunia plena (L.n.n. (1977). 17 June 2004. G. . We found several individuals growing on a live tree of Antirhea acutata (DC. Cintrón 1991. Efforts to document Mona Island’s current biodiversity status are extremely important.g. Ackerman et al. Proctor & B. Gmel. biodiversity 151 The Caribbean region is considered the third most important global “biodiversity hotspot” (Myers et al. J. has few endemics but bridges the floras of the two large islands and is recognized as a rare and valuable ecological laboratory (e. dry forest. They estimated that 23% of Mona’s floristic diversity is rare and emphasized that intensive temporal sampling should uncover more species. 25 July 2004. (1988). & Schult. Rochefortia acanthophora (DC. Weidisch s. coastal vegetation. R. subtropical dry forest. Trejo-Torres and Ackerman 2002). D.NOTES ovata (Bello) Urb.. Piriqueta ovata (Bello) Urb. and Schoepfia schreberi J. (Turneraceae)—Vouchers: Playa Uvero. Caribbean. (Fabaceae)— Voucher: Playa Sardinera. We also document the first voucher for the previously reported Broughtonia domingensis (Lind. but had not been collected (Colón and Valentín 1983). vascular plants.) P. Rodríguez. Breckon et al. Proyecto Mona 720). Burch (Euphorbiaceae)—A common herb probably overlooked because of its similarity to other weedy Chamaescyse species. as rare species are likely more susceptible to extinction either through stochastic events or by the actions of the introduced goats and pigs (Cintrón and Rogers 1991). Fumero 1078 (SJ). 18°06’48”N. (Poaceae)—Voucher: Plateau. 4 November 2001. The most recent checklist of the island’s flora was published by Woodbury et al. (Olacaceae). Flueggea acidoton (L.) G.) Griseb. Herein we report new plant records with vouchers that have been discovered primarily as a result of ongoing collaborative studies between the University of Puerto Rico (UPR) and the Department of Natural Resources and the Environment (DNRE). Proyecto Mona 685). 1 June 2003. J. H. L. Heteropogon contortus (L. F. Sustache 1069 (SJ) Chamaescyse ophthalmica (Pers. 67°52’33”W.) D. located mid way between Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic (18°03’08”N. 3 November 2001. Proyecto Mona 267). These studies (Proyecto Mona) aim to evaluate the impact of feral goats and pigs on the island’s flora and vegetation. V. Ackerman et al. Specimens include seven new records and a previously reported species that lacked a voucher. Sustache. J. & A. Morales s. 2001). Sardinera. elevation 60 m. (Turneraceae). Specimens reported here were collected by our research team and by UPRRío Piedras plant taxonomy class of Drs. Colonia de Las Bobas. with flowers and fruits. Sustache. in trail of the bajura due the antena’s. Pinto 39798 (SJ). or Liogier and Martorell (2000). Wiewandt 1979. (UPRRP. J. (Boraginaceae). Voucher: Trail to Bobas after Bajura del Centro. Proyecto Mona 263). 3550 (UPRRP.) Benth. base of Antirhea acutata tree. 16 November 1983. limestone sand. elevation near sea level. elevation 60 m. K EYWORDS . Broughtonia domingensis (Lind. dry coastal scrub over limestone. 2000) and a region where a large number of species extinctions is expected without urgent conservation intervention (Brooks et al. H. López. This list includes species not reported in Woodbury et al. platform forest. D. (1977). near sealevel. M. Voucher specimens are deposited at either UPRRP or SJ. James D. (UPRRP. Los Caobos Trail between Playa Sardinera and Punta Capitan. This species does not occur in the main island of Puerto Rico. G. elevation near sea level.

Valentín. AcevedoRodríguez. Rochefortia acanthophora (DC. D. 2002. H. B. 1979. New Plant records for Mona Island. 1977. Pons & J. M. and R. 30 May 2004.n. Santiago’s Plant Taxonomy class (2001) at UPRRío Piedras. Breckon and an anonymous reviewer for helpful criticisms of an earlier version of the manuscript. 2000. G. Bajura de los Cerezos. Breckon. A. Puerto Rico 252:1-60. R. Gmel. bajura forest. C.. F. Wiewandt. Martorell. and J. Plant Communities of Mona Island.. 1998. Simberloff. C. Ackerman and E. Colón. and L. Broughtonia domingensis en la Isla de Mona. Puerto Rico. 2000. the Liogier and Martorell report is suspect. A. San Juan: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. Woodbury. F. G. Martorell. The two species are distinct but without verification. E. G. Kolter- . Santiago-Vélez. J. and J. Conservation Biology 16:909-923. 1982. Brooks. 2nd ed. Liogier. Sustache s. H. J. Composition patterns of Caribbean limestone forests: are parsimony.. Ackerman. Meléndez-Ackerman. 1995. (Olacaceae)—Liogier and Martorell (1982) reported Schoepfia chrysophylloides (A. Rio Piedras. L. Puerto Rico (West Indies). V. Natural History 88:57-65.—We would like to thank many volunteers that have helped with collecting and vegetation monitoring. casi en la bajura. PitmannRobertson-US Fish and Wildlife Project W-14 to M. Carey. 1991. Fernández’s laboratory groups. B.) Griseb. H. especially H. and ordination analyses congruent? Biotropica 34:502-515. Myers. Kuris. (UPRRP. D.. and J. and those enrolled in J. The flora of Mona and Monito islands. A. M. and L. elevation 40-50 m. Caribbean Journal of Science 19(3-4):21-22. García and DNRE. Cintrón. D. Proyecto Mona 705).n. J. and the Office of Reserves and Refuges of DNRE. Morales & J. A. in clearing. G. García (HRD-0206200). H. Trejo-Torres. Acknowledgments. A. Fumero. students from E. This research has been supported by a grant from NSF-CREST to E. R. J. Gaspar Pons and Antonio Nieves. from Mona Island. Acta Científica 5:6-9.. Sustache 783 (SJ). T.) Planch. and D. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 73:1-203. classification. Mona Island Resident Management Officers. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15:316320. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. Rogers. D. An orchid flora of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. and L. Martorell. Bulletin of the Agricultural Experimental Station.. 2002. GarcíaTuduri. LITERATURE CITED Ackerman. 1991. et al. Caribbean Journal of Science 34:136-137. This work could not have been possible without the logistic support from the Fish and Wildlife Bureau of the DNRE. Meléndez-Ackerman and D. east part of the bajura. Fernández and M. Voucher: Camino Empalme. Aragón. F. A. We thank P.. S. J. J. Habitat loss and extinction in the hotspots of biodiversity. D. G.152 NOTES man. but no voucher has been located and may not have been made. M. F. and a grant from the Wildlife Restoration Program. Rich. Introduction to Mona Island. Proyecto Mona 484). revised. Eradication revisited: dealing with exotic species. Fumero s. (Boraginaceae)—Vouchers: Bajura de Los Cerezos. Liogier. Cintrón. 11 August 2002. Schoepfia schreberi J. López. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis... La gran iguana de Mona. Acta Científica 5:10-64. (UPRRP. San Juan: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. 9 February 2003. T. 1983.