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Tables of Normal Values

(As of November 2010) Note: Values and units of measurement listed in these tables are derived from several resources. Substantial variation exists in the ranges quoted as “normal” in various references and at different laboratories and may vary depending on the assay used to determine vales. Therefore these tables should be interpreted as directional only. Where possible Canadian sources are used, Globalrph.com was used to provide non SI unit conversions.
CCS = Canadian Cardiovascular Society CHS = Canadian Hypertension Society MCC = Medical Council of Canada Table 1: Vital Signs and Body Mass Index Parameter Blood Pressure (Systolic / Diastolic) CHS 2007 At physicians office At home With diabetes or kidney disease High moderate High Extremely high Heart Rate (HR) or Pulse Bradycardia Normal Tachycardia Respiration Rate (RR) Bradypnea Normal Tachypnea Body Temperature Fever Low-grade Moderate High Normal Hypothermia Body Mass Index (BMI) Underweight Normal (CCS 2009) Normal (CCS 2009) Overweight Obesity class I Obesity class II Obesity class III (extreme, morbid) < 18.5 kg/m
2

Normal Values

< 140 / 90 mmHg < 135 / 85 <130 / 80 160 / 100 180 / 110 200 / 120 < 60 beats per minute 60 – 100 > 100 < 12 breaths per minute 12 – 16 > 16

37.2 – 38.0 ° C 38.1 – 40.0 ° C > 40.0 ° C 37 ° C (approximately) < 35.0 ° C

18.5 – 24.9 Caucasian 18.5 – 23 Asian, Chinese, Japanese 25.0 – 29.9 30.0 – 34.9 35.0 – 39.9 > 40.0

4 mg/dL 8 – 18 mg/dL 8.5 – 5. LDL (CCS 2009) High risk patients Moderate risk patient if LDL ≥ 3. conjugated (direct) Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) (MCC 2010) Calcium serum Total Ionized Carbon dioxide content Carbon dioxide pressure.5 mg/dL 4. HDL Low Creatine Kinase (CK also CPK) (MCC 2010) 5 – 130 U/L 5 – 130 U/L < 1. total Desirable Borderline high High Cholesterol. arterial (PaCO2) Chloride (MCC 2010) Cholesterol.3 mg/dL or ≥ 50% reduction ≥50% reduction from baseline Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) (MCC 2010) 0 – 35 U/L 24 – 30 mmol/L <26µmol/L <7 μmol/L 2.2 > 6.5 – 8.Table 2: Common Blood Chemistries Parameter Albumin (MCC 2010) Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) (MCC 2010) Alkaline phosphatase (ALP serum) (MCC 2010) Ammonia – NH3 Amylase (serum) (MCC 2010) Bicarbonate (HCO3) (serum) (MCC 2010) Bilirubin serum (MCC 2010) Total Bilirubin.5 – 10.0 mmol/L or ≥ 50% reduction < 2.0 mmol/L 2.58 1.2 – 6.5 – 5.5 SI Units (Canada) Traditional Units (USA) 35 – 50 g/L 3 – 36 U/L 35 – 100 U/L 12 – 48 μmol/L <160 U/L 3.0 kPa 98 – 106 mmol/L < 5.0 mmol/L or ≥ 50% reduction ≥50% reduction from baseline Low risk patient if LDL ≥ 5.00 mmol/L < 40 mg/dL .7 – 6.0 mg/dL < 0.3 mmol/L 20 – 32 mmol/L 4.35 U/L 24 – 30 mEq/L < 1.3 mg/dL or ≥ 50% reduction < 77.0 g/dL 3 – 36 U/L 35 – 100 U/L 12 – 48 μg/dL <160 U/L 0 .6 mg/dL 20 – 32 mmol/L 35 – 45 mmHg 98 – 106 mmol/L < 200 mg/dL 201 – 240 > 241 < 77.2 < 2.2 mmol/L 5.18 – 2.0 Cholesterol.05 – 1.

Table 2: Common Blood Chemistries cont’d Parameter Creatine Kinase isoenzymes.8 mg/dL 60 – 160 μg/dL 12-57% 5 – 22 mg/dL 95 – 195 IU/L 1.4 – 2.0 – 25.35 – 7.4 –7.45 pH units 2.5 – 4.24 – 2. serum Creatinine Clearance (adult) Ferritin Folic Acid (Folate) (MCC 2010) Gamma Glutamyl Transferase (GGT) Female Male Glucose.5 mg/dL < 270 μmol/L 11 – 32 μmol/L 12-57% 0. inorganic) (MCC 2010) 4. total – TIBC Lactic Acid (Lactate) Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) (MCC 2010) Magnesium Nitrogen (as Amino Acids) Osmolality Serum (MCC 2010) Oxygen partial pressure.2 mmol/L 95 – 195 U/L 0.0 mEq/L 4.50 mmol/L .08 mL/sec 10-250 µg/L 7 – 36 nmol/L 10 – 30 U/L 10 – 35 U/L 3.3 mmol/L 280 – 300 mmol/kg 85 – 105 mm Hg 7.4 mg/dL 75 – 125 mL/min 10-250 µg/L 2 – 10 ng/mL 10 – 30 U/L 10 – 30 U/L 70 – 110 mg/dL 80 – 125 mg/dL 4 – 6% < 2.6% SI Units (Canada) 0 – 3 ng/mL 11.5 – 2.95 mmol/L 2.75 – 0.8 mmol/L 4. postprandial Normal Glycosylated Hemoglobin – HbA1C Normal (MCC 2010) β-Hydroxybutyrate Iron (MCC 2010) Iron-Binding Capacity.0 – 6.0 mg/dL 280 – 300 mOsm/kg 85 – 105 mm Hg 7.35 – 7.9 – 4.45 pH units 0. fasting Normal Glucose.7 – 1.3 – 5. arterial – PaO2 (MCC 2010) pH – Acidity Phosphate (as Phosphorus.0 μmol/L 50 –90 μmol/L 1. MB Fraction (Myocardial Infarction) Copper Creatinine.7 mmol/L Traditional Units (USA) 0 – 3 ng/mL 70 – 155 μg/dL 0.80 – 1.

30 – 0.20 mmol/L 180 – 420 μmol/L 2.5 – 5.0 g/dL < 150 mg/24 hr 0 – 2 ng/mL 0–4 0. < 40 years Male.9 mmol/L 74-516 pmol/L 11.2 – 0.0 mEq/L 6. 40 years or older Pyruvate (Pyruvic Acid) Sodium Transferrin Transferrin Saturation Triglyceride (MCC 2010) Uric Acid (MCC 2010) Urea Nitrogen.Table 2: Common Blood Chemistries cont’d Parameter Potassium Protein.65 g/L 0.1 – 7.5 μmol/L Traditional Units (USA) 3.90 mg/dL 135 – 145 mEq/L 191 – 365 mg/dL 20 – 50% < 200 mg/dL 3.1 mg/dL 8 – 25 mg/dL 100-700 pg/mL 75 – 120 μg/dL PSA – Prostate Specific Antigen (Cyanocobalamin) .15 g/day 0 – 2 ng/mL 0–4 35 – 100 μmol/L 135 – 145 mmol/L 1. Blood (BUN) Vitamin B Zinc 12 SI Units (Canada) 3.91 – 3.0 – 8.5 < 2. total Plasma Urine Male.0 mmol/L 60 – 80 g/L < 0.5 – 5.5 – 18.9 – 8.

3 – 15.0 – 17.4 – 5.5 – 3.0 – 10.0 X 10 /L 2 .14 – 0.5 – 2.7 X 10 /mm 0.5% 37-46% 42-52% 12.0 – 10.2 X 10 /mm 4.420 – 0.86 X 109/L <0.0 kU/L <9 min 6 – 17 min 1.9 – 1.4 – 5.370 – 0.4 g/dL 6 6 3 3 <10 mm/h < 6 mm/h 4.7 X 10 /L 20-84 X 109 / L 0.7 X 109/L 1.0 – 5.Table 3: Hematological Parameters Parameter Red Blood Cells Erythrocytes (RBC) (MCC 2010) Female Male Reticulocyte Count (MCC 2010) Hematocrit (MCC 2010) Female Male Hemoglobin Female Male Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR Westergren) (MCC 2010) Female Male White Blood Cells (WBC) White Blood Cell Count WBC Differential (MCC 2010) Neutrophils Lymphocytes Monocytes Bands Eosinophils Basophils Coagulation Anti-Xa assay Low Molecular Weight Heparin activity Bleeding Time (Ivy) (MCC 2010) Coagulation Time Fibrinogen International Normalized Ratio (INR) (MCC 2010) Plasminogen Platelet Count (Thrombocytes) (MCC 2010 Prothrombin Time (PT) (MCC 2010) Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT) (MCC 2010) Thrombin Time SI Units (Canada) Traditional Units (USA) 4.7 X 109/L <0.84 – 1.0 – 5.520 123 – 157 g/L 140 – 174 g/L 12 12 4.75 – 4.40 130 – 400 X 10 /L 10 – 13 sec 28 – 38 sec 16 – 24 sec 9 0.2 84 – 140% 130 – 400 X 10 /mm 10 – 13 sec 28 – 38 sec 16 – 24 sec 3 3 .460 0.2 X 10 /L 4.0 U/mL <9 min 6 – 17 min 175 – 400 mg/dL 0.45 X 109/L <0.9 – 1.5 – 1.7 g/dL 14.0 μmol/L 0.5 – 1.4 X 109/L 0.0 X 10 /mm 45 – 75% 16 – 46% 4 – 11% 0 – 5% 0 – 8% 0 – 3% 3 3 0.10 X 109/L 9 <10 mm/h <6 mm/h 4.2 0.

2 – 5.36 – 37.1 Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone 0.5 – 64 nmol/L Male < 3.4 – 5.8 pmol/L Progesterone Female (mid-luteal phase) 9.08 – 0.0 ng/mL < 20 ng/mL 0.83 ng/L/sec Thyroxine (T4 free serum) 8.0 μU/mL 24 – 40 ng/mL 8 – 42 ng/mL 18 – 62 pg/mL .5 pmol/L (MCC 2010 for SI units) Testosterone Female 0.25-Dihydroxy-Cholecalciferol 43 – 148 pmol/L Traditional Units (USA) < 70 pg/mL 2 – 9 ng/dL 2 – 17 pg/mL 3 – 26 5 – 25 μg/dL 5 – 15 0 – 10 50 – 450 pg/mL < 50 1 – 26 mU/mL 1 – 12 20 – 100 pg/mL 2 – 5 ng/mL 2 – 20 μU/L 0.0 ng/mL/hr 0.5 – 6.6 – 76 U/L Male 3 – 34 Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) 1.21 – 2.5 – 15.3 – 4.Table 4: Hormones Parameter SI Units (Canada) Adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) < 15 pmol/L Aldosterone (Normal Sodium 55 – 250 pmol/L Diet) Calcitonin Female 2 – 17 ng/L Male 3 – 26 Cortisol Time: 0800 – 1200 h 138 – 690 nmol/L 1200 – 2000 h 138 – 414 2000 – 0800 h 55 – 193 Estrogens (as Estradiol) Female (premenopausal) 185 – 1625 pmol/L Male < 184 Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH) Female (premenopausal) 1 – 26 U/L Male 1 – 12 Glucagon 20 – 100 ng/L Growth Hormone 2 – 5 μg/L Insulin 14 – 140 pmol/L Luteinizing Hormone (LH) Female (premenopausal) 0.3 – 3.6 – 76 U/L 3 – 34 10 – 60 pg/mL 3 – 20 ng/mL < 1.0 μU/mL (TSH) (MCC 2010) Vitamin D3 .8 ng/L 2.18 nmol/L Prolactin < 20 μg/L Renin Activity Normal Sodium Diet 0.8 – 1.Cholecalciferol 60 – 105 nmol/L 25-Hydroxy-Cholecalciferol 20 – 105 nmol/L 1.98 nmol/L Male 9.4 – 5.2 pmol/L Triiodothyronine (T3 free serum) 3.2 pg/mL 6 – 86 ng/dL 270 – 1070 0.