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FIRE TENDERS

OBJECTIVE Learning Outcome 14 Assessment Criteria Explain the Types and Usage of the Fire Vehicles. 1. 2. State types of fire vehicles used in fire service. State the function and specification of: 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 REFERENCES 1. 2. PU 202229 Panduan Perkhidmatan Bomba TUDM Air Service Manual ICAO Part I Rescue and Fire Fighting. PFT. SFT. RIT. DWT.

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FIRE TENDERS INTRODUCTION Fire fighting vehicles are the backbone of any fire department. A fire apparatus, fire engine, fire truck, or fire appliance is a vehicle designed to assist in fighting fires by transporting firefighters to the scene and providing them with access to the fire, along with water or other equipment. In some areas, the terms fire engine and fire truck represent different types of firefighting apparatus. Aviation industry standards require that ARFF apparatus be able to reach the scene of an aircraft emergency in far shorter time periods than those normally associated with a municipal fire departments response to structure fire. TYPES OF FIRE VEHICLES USED IN FIRE SERVICE 1. Crash Tender. An airport crash tender (known in some countries as an airport fire appliance) is a specialised fire engine designed for use at aerodromes and airports in aircraft accidents (Figure 1). Airport Crash Tenders are extremely powerful machines. They offer relatively good acceleration (for such large, heavy vehicles), are able to negotiate rough terrain outside the runway and airport area, carry large capacities of water, and fire fighting foam, are fitted with powerful high-capacity pumps, and water/foam cannons and capable of delivering fire fighting media over long distances. It shall contain all component parts necessary for a water/foam proportioning system capable of expelling agent through a cab controlled roof turret, a bumper turret, twin agent hand line and preconnected handline. The vehicle shall also be equipped with an auxiliary agent system. The system shall be operable from the cab and exterior of the vehicle. Types of crash tenders use in RMAF Fire Service are as follows: a. b. c. d. e. RIT dan SFT Spartan. PFT Simon Duplex. RIT dan PFT Somati. PFT Fjeldhus. PFT Rosenbauer.

Figure 1. Crash Tender

2. Domestic Water Tender. This vehicle used for fire fighting duties such as fire building domestic or otherwise. Among the types of vehicles used by the RMAF Fire Services are: a. b. c. d. Mercedes Benz. Bachert. Nissan. Tata.

Figure 2. Domestic Water Tender

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3. Runway Vacuum Sweeper. It is a vehicle used for tasks sweeping the runway and aircraft parking areas at the airport. Among the types of vehicles used by the RMAF Fire Services are: a. b. c. d. Atego 3000. Iveco Schorling 3000. Mercedes Faun Kuka 445. Ebelling.

Figure 3. Runway Vacuum Sweeper

FUNCTION AND SPECIFICATION Airport rescue and fire fighting services operate many specialist vehicles to provide emergency cover at airports. They include:1. Primary Foam Tender (PFT) a. General - This vehicle is a primary vehicle for airport rescue and fire fighting operations. The main agent is the amount of water more than 6,825 litres and foam agents is 10% of the water content. b. Characteristics: (1) (2) (3) Acceleration from 0-80 km/h: Top speed: Discharge components: (a) (b) (c) (d) (4) (5) 2. Roof Monitor. Handlines. Underbody nozzle. Bumper Turret. 30 degrees. Less than 40 seconds. 100 km/h.

All wheel drive. Approach and departure angle:

Secondary Foam Tender (SFT) a. General - The role of these vehicles is to help RIT vehicle and fire fighting operations. It also plays role to carry rescue equipment and agents of adjoin the rest of the fire tender. Total water content should be taken is up to 6,825 litres and the total foam is 10 percent of the total brought the water content. b. Characteristics: (1) (2) (3) Acceleration from 0-80 km/h: Top speed: Discharge components: Less than 40 seconds. 100 km/h.

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(a) (b) (c) (d) (4) (5) 3.

Roof Monitor. Handlines. Underbody nozzle. Bumper Turret. 30 degrees.

All wheel drive. Approach and departure angle:

Rapid Intervention Tender (RIT)

a. General - RIT are normally smaller, nimble fire appliances capable of quick acceleration and high speed. They carry less equipment than Domestic and Crash Tenders but arrive first on scene at aircraft incidents to begin rescue and firefighting operations whilst heavier/larger units approach. It should be supplied with complete rescue equipment. Extinguishing agents solution is a mixture of water and foam within 1000 litres together adjoin other agents. b. Characteristics: (1) (2) (3) Acceleration from 0-80 km/h: Top speed: Discharge components: (e) (f) (g) (h) (4) (5) 4. Roof Monitor. Handlines. Underbody nozzle. Bumper Turret. 30 degrees. Less than 25 seconds. 105 km/h.

All wheel drive. Approach and departure angle:

Domestic Water Tender (DWT) a. General - It is a domestic fire fighting vehicles and capable of carrying firefighters personnel at least six people, including the operator. The units are ordinarily used to respond to fire incidents in airport terminal buildings but also respond to aircraft incidents. The appliances carry Breathing Apparatus, rescue equipment, firefighting media, ladders, cutting equipment. The water content not less than 1800 litres (100 gallons). b. Characteristics: a. b. c. d. e. f. Acceleration from 0-80 km/h in 60 seconds. Maximum speed - 100 km/h. Fire Pump - Double Stage. Drive all tires - required. Angle approach: 30 - 45 degrees. Angle of departure: 15 - 25 degrees.

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CONCLUCION On completion of this lesson the student can explain the types and purpose of each fire vehicles and its role in the RMAF Fire Services.

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