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Intelligent Electrical System

"A Pre-requisite to Smart Grid”
Manvendra Tewari

WIPRO TECHNOLOGIES

..................................... How does technology fit in?......... 7 6.................................................................................................................9 9.1 References....................................3 Business Integration Framework ................................................... Step towards Smart Grid – The Intelligent Electrical System........TABLE OF CONTENTS 1....................................................................................................................... 10 9...........................4 4........ 5 4....................................... Introduction .................................................................5 4................... 3 2............5 4........................ 8 7................................................................................................................. 3 3.................................................9 8.............................10 ................................... Components of Intelligent Electrical System........................... Approach .......................................................................................................................... Appendix.................................... ........................... What is an Intelligent Electrical System?........2 Dynamic Network Model..................................................................................1 Self Healing Network .....................6 5......................................... Benefits ....................... Conclusion..............................10 9........... .2 About the Author............

can sustain its competitiveness and voyage in the growth path without the reliable. Unfortunately. one size doesn’t fit all! Each utility has to devise its own roadmap and identify milestones towards achieving Smart Grid. electrical network that provides more reasons and opportunities for better operational efficiency. quality and security is concerned. No economy. howsoever developed. secure and digital-quality electric power. Step towards Smart Grid – The Intelligent Electrical System It has been widely accepted that Smart Grid is a concept and it will continue to evolve. Introduction Transmission and distribution systems across most parts of the sphere are still operating on network designs and control philosophies that are decades old. The system architecture being proposed further empowers utilities in optimizing resource utilization and enhanced customer satisfaction by integrating geospatial and grid semantic data with the system components like Outage Management System. Smart grid has been recognized as a way of addressing energy independence or global warming issues and therefore. Utilities need not wait for the ‘Smartgrid-has-arrived’ stage and should continue their efforts towards accomplishing other practical solutions that will provide immediate benefits as well as prepare them to embrace comprehensive Smart grid technologies. now President Barack Obama asked the US Congress "to act without delay" to pass legislation that included doubling alternative energy production in the next three years and building a new electricity "smart grid". It establishes and continually verifies electrical connectivity between primary devices to meters by improvising the AMI devices. when it comes to Smart Grid roadmap. Smart Grid concept is creating lot of interest among the stakeholders and the efforts are continuously being made towards preparing the roadmap to achieve it.Intelligent Electrical System: A Pre-requisite to Smart Grid This whitepaper presents the thoughts for transforming “as-built” electrical connectivity data into an intelligent electrical system for “smart-grid-compliant” operational systems. Load Management etc. information-led. Intelligent Electrical System being proposed is an IT-enabled. i. 3 | www. In their efforts to approach this desired state of network operations..wipro. The electric networks are steadfastly approaching their limits and facing acute concerns as far as reliability. The then President-elect. This new system enables self diagnosis and establishes the voyage towards self healing network. Smart Grid.com/industryresearch WIPRO TECHNOLOGIES . covering wider perspective. utilities are keeping tab on a bigger concept.e. technologies and principles for the working models. It will also address the benefits and challenges of establishing such amodel to operate in a run time environment. it is being promoted by many governments. The discussion will address various components. scalability.

wipro. ? Business management. locating exact fault location in case of outages. Table 1: Comparison of the benefits of implementing Intelligent Electrical System vis-a-vis Smart Grid.Intelligent Electrical System: A Pre-requisite to Smart Grid Intelligent Electrical System is an approach in the similar direction. Establishing intelligent electrical system will require the utilities to establish: ? Electrical ? Network grid with series of intelligent devices that can perform self diagnosis and report troubles to the control centre. longer outages. enabling them to implement currently available and more matured solutions that will put the utilities in the path to achieve comprehensive Smart Grid. slower restoration and un-informed customer. outage management and energy improvising AMI devices. It all leads toward unexpected breakdowns.com/industryresearch WIPRO TECHNOLOGIES . 4 | www. going forward. Characteristics Self Heal Facilitate Customer Participation Optimize Asset Utilization Distributed Generation Resources Demand Response & Demand Side Management Resists Attack Digital Quality Power Intelligent Electric System Partial Enablement Smart Grid Partial Enablement What is an Intelligent Electrical System? Currently. information-led electrical network that provides more reasons and opportunities for customer participation and better operational efficiency. It establishes an electrically connected network right from the transmission station to the metering point in the customers’ premise and is a practical sub-set of the integrated concepts of Smart Grid. Leading utilities across the globe are striving for establishing a fully inter-connected electrical network system that enables reliable production and delivery of energy to customers through real-time. Other aspects of lack in information could be issues in collecting and analyzing load condition of T&D assets. Intelligent Electrical system is an overlay of information-oriented software and services on top of the existing infrastructure. This system would be a pre-cursor for the utilities. connectivity model and continuously verify electrical connectivity between primary devices to meters. The benefit will be that utilities can right away embark on the journey towards reliable production and delivery of energy to customers through real-time. Table below provides a comparison of the benefits of implementing Intelligent Electrical System vis-a-vis Smart Grid. using comprehensive GIS and AMI/MDM systems. It is an IT-enabled. by integration framework to leverage and connect systems for load management. due to lack of real-time information the customer comes to know about the energy usage only when the billing cycle is triggered. automated control systems. and slower response for restoration. that could be anything up to 60 days in certain geographies. automated control systems.

Dynamic Network Model Electric network model establishes electrical connectivity from the consumption meter at the end point to the highest level transmission substations by placing all utility assets in a comprehensive GIS system and establishing the inter-connectivity between these assets. allowing for self diagnostics of the network in case of system disturbances. It will support and provide features to the grid for allowing self diagnostics of the network and initiate the process of self healing and demand side management.com/industryresearch WIPRO TECHNOLOGIES . The exercise will be to deploy series of intelligent devices for monitoring all aspects of the power system by placing sensory devices on key assets. It will allow the utility and the customers to automate the information flow and implementing control mechanism for optimizing the service delivery and enhancing customer experience. GIS system acts as foundation for collecting information and attributes about all key assets and displays them graphically on a contiguous land base. Advanced metering and sensory technologies will support such an objective by automating customer service delivery and optimizing energy management.Intelligent Electrical System: A Pre-requisite to Smart Grid Components of Intelligent Electrical System Self Healing Network One of the important constituents of intelligent electrical system is the self healing network.wipro. 5 | www. suggesting corrective actions and/or taking automated corrective actions. Implementation of self healing network will also need implementation of business integration framework and infrastructure to enable bi-directional flow of information across the network and control centers. These asset attributes are further utilized to generate connectivity models which serve as a basis for fault diagnostics using the Outage Management Systems (OMS).Establishing the self healing network will include replacing traditional energy metering devices with Smart Meters and series of other intelligent devices on the key assets in the network.

Utilities need to transform static. Enterprise integration framework would include both. another important aspect in all these developments is to support both interoperability and interconnectivity. The connectivity models along with smart monitoring devices also help significantly enhance utility’s ability to identify and rectify outages. The capabilities can be used to verify exact location and extent of outages as well as optimized mobilization of mobile field force to assist in power restoration. Industry-wide datastandards like MultiSpeak and Common Information Model (CIM) comes to rescue for the utility to facilitate interoperability of diverse applications.wipro. Further to this. the data integration as well as process integration from the various sources of business and data processing applications. and improve customer awareness by publishing appropriate data for viewing.Intelligent Electrical System: A Pre-requisite to Smart Grid Furthermore. The system should provide outage analysis on geographic landscape and should be able to support applications like real time network analysis and remote switching. utility can assess which customer segments are rectified and which are not. 6 | www. In case of catastrophic outages. Utilities need to orchestrate business data by establishing an integration framework and building a communication network. It supports utilities in adopting the products and services from the most competitive vendor and de-risks dependency on any particular technology. Interoperability supports deploying manufacturer agnostic communication enablement between the devices. once established. the connectivity model continuously gets feeds during normal operations of the network and especially during catastrophic outages such as a storm. Business Integration Framework Collection of the necessary bytes of information from diverse sources will act as the backbone for the entire system architecture.com/industryresearch WIPRO TECHNOLOGIES . as-built GIS data into dynamic network model.

ZigBee. Zensys. Selection of a particular technology and/or combination of those is dependent on the current application landscape as well as the geography over which a utility’s customers are spread. demand response and onnection/disconnection of services. Geographic Information System. CDMA. GSM. Outage Management System. This would help in easy integration of existing enterprise applications as well as future enhancements and third-party applications. As discussed in the earlier section. fault handling can go far in giving utilities the power to be successful.wipro. An illustrative view of integrated technology landscape is shown below: 7 | www. It would facilitate utilities to adopt remotely drive demand side management. Integration of applications like Distribution Management System. all while meeting the organization’s increasing need for real-time information. How does technology fit in? There is a huge potential for improved service delivery and enhanced customer experience in the utilities industry.Intelligent Electrical System: A Pre-requisite to Smart Grid Interconnectivity would support communication enablement with the devices and applications. lack of integrated flow of information across the teams and last mile visibility of the network poses great challenge to the utilities. Technology here has a significant role to play. contingency analysis. Ethernet over fiber. WiMedia) are available in market for enterprise backbone. Internet2. BPL. WiFi-Wireless. AMI/MDM. at both ends of the energy supply chain. Host of telecommunication technologies (For Example. Utilities should adopt Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) and other standard technologies for open integration while building the integration platform. iDEN. 4G WiMax. Energy management System. and Work Management facilitate leveraging modern computing capabilities to deliver highly actionable information to a wide range of users.com/industryresearch WIPRO TECHNOLOGIES . Wide Area Networks (WAN) and Home Area Networks (HAN). 3G Wireless Voice & Data. Advanced capabilities such as network monitoring.

?demand side management and facilitates customer participation. ? Achieve the pre-requisite for establishing a comprehensive Smart Grid ecosystem by marching towards operations excellence. while maintaining reliability and quality of supply. and reliability & quality of supply. contiguous model of transmission.com/industryresearch WIPRO TECHNOLOGIES . unleashed by exploiting integrated information. Establish ? Achieve Service-Oriented integration of services and applications needed to flexibly support utility processes. ? integration framework for Intelligent Circuit and Outage Management systems. The information network will bring together the necessary bytes from diverse sources.wipro. condition based maintenance and Improve dynamic adjustment of operating limits. will help utilities to: ? a fully inter-connected single. distribution and substation assets that enhances Establish reliability of energy supply and power quality to the customer. ? Trace geographic network. Improve ?asset utilization by deploying condition monitoring of critical parameters. design alternatives and managing right-of-way.suggesting corrective actions Establish and reporting to the central control room. ? a hierarchical electrical network model with the capability to perform self-diagnosis. ? Cost savings due to greater visibility. ? Support conflict resolution. asset utilization and customer satisfaction. 8 | www. The power of intelligence. identify exact fault location. its extent.Intelligent Electrical System: A Pre-requisite to Smart Grid Benefits Utilities will experience significant improvement in system reliability. needed to manage distribution network. faster restoration and improved asset utilization. environment friendliness. reduced outages. and thus faster restoration for lower CML (Customer Minutes Lost). predictive maintenance.

It enables the customer with most updated information and facilitates their participation in energy utilisation.Intelligent Electrical System: A Pre-requisite to Smart Grid Approach The utility should examine the maturity of its electrical network. presence of smart devices (meters. Approach should also aim towards identifying already present suggested components and the possibility to effectively integrate information silos that might be present. It provides opportunity to identify exact fault location and more organised restoration activity. The three essential steps in achieving an intelligent electrical system are:: Conclusion The intelligent electrical system provides thee utilities real-time information of thee network and the energy supply.) and identify opportunities to establish an intelligent electrical system. network monitors etc.wipro. 9 | www.com/industryresearch WIPRO TECHNOLOGIES .

com/Topics/T&D Automation/News 7 Editorial/Industry Article About the Author Manvendra Tewari is a Domain Consultant working with Wipro’s Energy & Utilities Domain Consulting Group.S. Wipro in Energy & Utilities The Energy and Utility division of Wipro Technologies is one among the Top 10 IT solution providers to the EE & U industry across the globe. The cumulative experience of over 5.wipro. Joe Site References ? [2008].500 person years spans IT Consulting. 10 | www. EEI Annual Convention. Department of Energy Evolution and Progress of Smart Grid Development at the Department of Energy ? Miller. Department of Energy.com/industryresearch WIPRO TECHNOLOGIES . The Energy & Utilities business unit has worked with over 75 top Energy and Utility companies across North America and Europe in regulated as well as deregulated markets providing solutions in areas such as Customer Carre.S. The Smart Grid: An Introduction. Work and Asset Management and Grid Operations covering all industry sectors --. He has been part of various large implementations for operational and support systems and is well aware of the processes and best practices involved. U. Journals ? Ipakchi. Application Development and Application Management services. Eric Lightner.Intelligent Electrical System: A Pre-requisite to Smart Grid Appendix References Books [2008]. Ali ? [2008]. He can be reached at manvendra.com.tewari@wipro.Electricity. Shannon Messer. He has extensive experience working in energy & utilities domain. Implementing the Smart Grid: Enterprise Information Integration [2007]. Systems Integration. A Useful Thing Happened on the Way to the Smart Grid: the Agile Grid Web site: http://www. U. Oil and Water.energycentral. both as a business user as well as consultant. Stephen Hadden. Billing and Settlement. The Smart Grid – Benefits and Challenges [2008]. Gas. Business Process Outsourcing.

com/industryresearch 11 | www. IS outsourcing.Intelligent Electrical System: A Pre-requisite to Smart Grid ABOUT WIPRO TECHNOLOGIES Wipro is the first PCMM Level 5 and SEI CMMi Level 5 certified IT Services Company globally. Wipro provides comprehensive IT solutions and services (including systems integration.com/industryresearch WIPRO TECHNOLOGIES . package implementation. The Council in collaboration with leading academic institutions and industry bodies studies market trends to equip organizations with insights that facilitate their IT and business strategies For more information please visit www.wipro. software application development and maintenance) and Research & Development services (hardware and software design. development and implementation) to corporations globally.wipro. Wipro's unique value proposition is further delivered through our pioneering Offshore Outsourcing Model and stringent Quality Processes of SEI and Six Sigma. ABOUT WIPRO COUNCIL FOR INDUSTRY RESEARCH The Wipro Council for Industry Research comprising of domain and technology experts from the organization aims to address the needs of customers by specifically looking at innovative strategies that will help them gain competitive advantage in the market.