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Need for Environmental Management The problem of environmental pollution today has assumed a serious and gigantic proportion.

Not only this, but also the very existence of human society is threatened. Environment is the basis of the existence of all the living beings; at the same time the living beings, including the human beings, themselves create environment. Thus, environment and the living world are mutually interdependent. Social and economic development is necessary for us, without which the human beings can neither exist nor fulfill their basic needs like food, clothing, housing, etc. But today the problem is that, the socio-economic development has reached at a point, its speed has so increased and its destructive power is so enhanced that it is decimating the environment rapidly. Therefore it has become necessary to find-out such new paths and methods of development which will not destroy ecology and produce pollution. Environmental management precisely addresses these problems. If we manage environment properly, we can reduce pollution or even put a stop to it. We should use the resources in such a way that will not pollute the environment. Environmental Management also involves proper use of nature. We should makes such use as not to produce dirt and filth and not to destroy resources. Our development should be sustainable and the ecological cycle should work unhindered. In this context the process of policy making assumes great importance. This includes adoption of policies in accordance with the situation, determination of priorities, their application and their proper direction and regulation. Adoption and application of thoughtless policies, undertaking senseless steps harms the environment immensely. Therefore proper management of environment at all levels is very essential. To Overcome the Crisis of Environment and Ecology: Today the developments have reached at a point where environment and ecology are in serious crisis. If we continue with our old methods of development, then it will lead to disastrous consequences, for environment. Whole human society, the living world and the planet earth itself will be destroyed. We may reach at a point from where it is impossible to return. For the Proper use of Resources: We should manage our environment in such a way that the resources are used properly and reasonably. We should manage environment in such a way that we should be able to establish proper co-ordination and balance between our needs and the processes of environment. For a New Attitude Towards Economic Needs and Values: The aim of management is to give a new direction to our economic needs and values, at the same time to maintain a clean environment. To Determine the Dividing Line Between Development and Environment: Environmental management should clearly demarcate such limits for development and environment which are advantageous for both of them. For example if our development or use of certain articles lead to the growth of ozone hole or increase the poisonous gases in the atmosphere or lead to global warming, then we should stop using such materials and change our path of development. This is one of the examples of environmental management. Trees and forests are being cut down on a large scale. This is leading to harmful consequences for soil, land, weather, atmosphere, etc. We have to develop such

ways and means in which we do not cut down the trees and at the same time continue our social-economic developments. This is crucial to environmental management. We have also to adopt the policy of afforestation and increasing the forest area as a part of our development. This also is important for environmental management. For Sustainable Development Path: Environmental Management involves development without destruction of limited resources and without polluting and toxifying nature. We need such experts and techniques that help in taking proper decision regarding environment. This is particularly important for the future. For the Management of Living and Non-living Components: Environment includes both living and non-living components such as air, land, soil, water, animals, humans, plants, industrial and agricultural activities, etc.