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Can SUSY Explain a 130 GeV Fermi Signal?

Lampros Lamprou Stanford University SITP Rotation


B. Shakya, arXiv: 1209.2427v2 Bringmann et al, arXiv: 1203.1312v3

Irregularities in the Fermi Spectrum


Bump at ~130

Independent analyses

Statistical significance ~3

photons in the energy range ~5 200

Data considered:
Inner ~3 radius region around Galactic Center

Irregularities in the Fermi Spectrum

Cohen et. al.

Irregularities in the Fermi Spectrum

Finkbeiner et. al.

Irregularities in the Fermi Spectrum


Can this be a sign of the anticipated Dark Matter?

First fitting attempts:

1) ~130
2)
~1.27

1027 3 1

3) Einasto profile for D.M. Distribution

4) Monochromatic line signal!!

Continuum problem!

Is the neutralino ruled out by the data?


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Review of the MSSM neutralino


Neutral scalar components of , obtain v.e.v.

Non diagonal 4 4 mass matrix for the neutral fermionic components of , , and weak hypercharge 1 gauge supermultiplets:

Bino, Wino and the two Higgsinos combine to give neutral, fermionic mass eigenstates!
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Review of the MSSM neutralino


These are the MSSM neutralinos! The lightest of them has been a prominent candidate for Dark Matter
Neutralinos coupling to particles coupled to the photon should produce a large continuum of lower energy photons

Problem with Fermi data:

Neutralino D.M. can be saved!


If it is mostly Bino, we take into account Internal Bremsstahlung and the Fermi line is not actually a line!
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Internal Bremsstahlung
Theory coupled to E&M
For every diagram, there is an identical one with additional photons in the final state (first order radiative corrections)

Cases (a) and (b): Final State Radiation (FSR) Case (c): Virtual Internal Bremsstahlung (VIB)
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Internal Bremsstahlung

Final State Radiation:

Relativistic final states Collinear photons (pole of the propagator)


Virtual I.B.:

Initial particle and mediator: degenerate

1 2

Enhancement for small , or ~ Peak in the gamma spectrum around !!!

Internal Bremsstahlung
V.I.B. Provides us with a peak (kinematic edge) But its higher order correction in perturbation theory! We need a suppressed lower order annihilation to make the effect apparent

Helicity suppression is an interesting and applicable scenario!

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Lessons from Pion Decay


Pion decays to , or to , Naively: > (due to phase space)

However:

2 2 2 2

= 1.2 104

Reason: 1) couple chirally to leptons


2) Relativistic chiral leptons have well defined helicity Wrong electron helicity!

3) Angular momentum conservation

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Toy model for Dark Matter


: Majorana Dark Matter fermion of mass

: Scalar particle of mass ~ (coupled to photons)


: Standard Model fermion of mass

Yukawa interaction:

= + . .

Dark Matter Annihilation Diagrams

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Toy model for Dark Matter


The final state fermions are relativistic Well defined helicity Angular momentum conservation Both particles have the same helicity

But we necessarily have a final state! Helicity suppressed interaction:


2 4 = 2 2 321

1 1+
2 2 2

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Neutralino Dark Matter


In the supersymmetric context the mediating scalar is a sfermion and neutralino is a neutral Weyl spinor, thus Majorana!

We can save neutralino Dark Matter if:


1) Neutralino mass is about 130 2) The sfermions and the neutralino are degenerate

Interaction Lagrangian when : = + + . .


As in the toy model: Helicity suppression of the tree level annihilation and enhanced peak in V.I.B. spectrum close to
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Neutralino Dark Matter


Wino and Higgsino have W and Z boson as final state (massive final state)
Helicity suppress doesnt work!

Therefore: Neutralino has to be mostly bino

Parameter space considered to fit the data:


~120 160 ~( 20) ( + 20)

~1
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Neutralino Dark Matter

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Conclusions
There is an apparent 130 signal in Fermi Data Its not clear what causes it It could be a sign of Dark Matter If its D.M., neutralino is still a valid candidate! It has to be mostly Bino of mass ~140 Sleptons must have masses very close to Correct thermal relic density is tractable: 0.001 h2 0.3

The continuum problem is solved by helicity suppression The line is caused by the kinematic edge in I.B. spectrum
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Thank you!

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