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CAT Engine D-3500B Control System

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Contents :

1. D-3500B Control System Features. 2. D-3500B Control System Benefits. 3. D-3500B Control System Components. 3.1. Sensors (Control System Input) 3.1.1. Pressure Sensor. 3.1.2. Temperature Sensor . 3.1.3. Throttle Position Sensor. 3.1.4. Speed Sensor. 3.2. ECM (Control). 3.3. Output (Actuators).

Contents (Continued):
4. Electronic Circuit Operation 4.1. Speed Timing Circuit 4.2. Throttle Position Sensor Control Circuit. 4.3. Turbocharger Inlet Pressure Sensor Control Circuit. 4.4. Turbocharger outlet Pressure Sensor Control Circuit. 4.5. Engine Oil Pressure Sensor Control Circuit. 4.6. Coolant temperature Sensor Control Circuit. 4.7. Fuel pressure Sensor Control Circuit. 4.8. Exhaust Temperature Sensor Control Circuit.

11. 4. Optimizing injection rate. D-3500B Control System Features: 1. Control Engine coolant temperature. 10. Altitude Compensation. 6. Control Engine fuel to air ratio. Cold Mode Strategy. Control Engine fuel pressure. 9. 8. Full authority of all Engine functions. Electronic Speed Governing. 5. Engine Monitoring and protection.1. 3. 2. . 7. Variable Injection Timing. Optimizing Injection Pressure and Timing.

Faster Cold starting. 3. 2. 4. Electronic Engine protection . Reduced Engine Smoke over the deferent operating conditions.2. D-3500B Control System Benefits: 1. Precise Speed Control.

D-3500B Control System Components: D-3500B Engine Control System Consists of the following: Control system Input (Sensors) Control (Electronic Control Module) ECM Output (Actuators) Pressure sensors Speed sensors Temperature Sensors Throttle Position Sensor .3.

3. D-3500B Control System Components (Continued): Input (Sensors) .

D-3500B Control System Components (Continued): Control (ECM) .3.

D-3500B Control System Components (Continued): Output (Actuators) .

Speed. Temperature or Electrical movement into an Electrical Signal Types of sensors: 1. Temperature.1. 3. Sensors (Control System Input): Introduction: Sensors are Simple Electronic Devices that detect and Convert a change in Pressure. 4.3. Position. 2. Pressure. .

Pressure Sensor: Introduction Sense the changes in pressure and send DC signals to ECM.3.1.1. ECM can detect the fault on the pressure sensor: Supply Voltage = Signal Voltage (Open Circuit) Signal Voltage = Zero (Short Circuit) .

Oil Pressure. 3. . Atmospheric air Pressure.1.1.3. 2. 5. Crankcase Pressure. Turbocharger Inlet Pressure. Fuel Pressure. Pressure Sensor (Continued): Pressure sensors used to sense: 1. Turbocharger Outlet Pressure. 6. 4.

2.1.3. Temperature Sensor : Temperature Sensors are used to sense the changes of temperature and send a DC current to the ECM .

3. Temperature Sensor (Continued): .1.2.

1.3. .3. Throttle Position Sensor: Send a DC signal to the ECM with the Desired Which determined by the Operator.

. the generated voltage changes. Speed Sensor: Due to the change on the Magnetic field.4. ECM calibrated to detect Engine speed.3.1.

. ECM (Control): Introduction: The Engine Control Module ECM Is the Hart of the Electronic System.3.2.

ECM (Continued): ECM Provides the following features: .3.2.

Output (Actuators) Actuators Provides the following: 1. .3. Optimize injection timing 2.3. Governing fuel Injection rate.

4. Electronic Circuit Operation .

Speed Timing Circuit: .1.4.

ECM requires this signal to govern system operation.1. So the engine will not run if failure done.4. Speed Timing Circuit (Continued): Speed Timing Circuit is the most important circuit in the engine. . Tells The ECM the position and speed of the Cam Shaft.

2. Throttle Position Sensor Control Circuit: .4.

Throttle Position Sensor Control Circuit (Continued): Throttle Position Sensor Control Circuit operates as the following: 1. ECM will decrease the duration of the actuators current consequently the amount of injected fuel will decrease. . ECM will increase the duration of the actuators current consequently the amount of injected fuel will increase. 2. The sensor send a signal to the ECM with the desired engine speed.2. The ECM compare between the actual engine speed and the desired.4. If the desired engine speed is greater than the actual. 3. 4. Based on that there are two cases: I. If the desired engine speed is less than the actual. Operator select the desired engine speed from the sensor. II.

Turbocharger Inlet Pressure Sensor Control Circuit: .3.4.

If the pressure drop exceeds a certain value this means that the air filter is plugged. it may cause engine heat and great engine damage. In this case ECM will turn on a lamp to indicate that it is significant to change the air filter.4.3. Turbocharger inlet pressure sensor control circuit (Continued): This circuit is used to compare between the air pressure upstream and down stream the air filter. .

4.4. Turbocharger outlet Pressure Sensor Control Circuit: .

The Engine ECM use this signal to optimize the fuel injection rate to prevent the Engine black smoke. Turbocharger outlet Pressure Sensor Control Circuit (Cont. Send this reading as DC signal to the ECM.4. .): Measures the turbocharger out let pressure at the inlet manifold. As a result the Turbocharger outlet Pressure Sensor Control Circuit control the Fuel to Air ratio.4.

4.5. Engine Oil Pressure Sensor Control Circuit: .

Engine Oil Pressure Sensor Control Circuit (Continued): There are two Oil Pressure control sensors to measure the oil pressure After and Before the lubrication oil filter. If the Oil Pressure is less than a certain value. Sensors send the oil pressure reading as a DC signal to the ECM. . Shut down. the engine will perform the following: Warning.4. Derate.5.

Coolant temperature Sensor Control Circuit: .4.6.

4.6. The ECM will operate the engine in Normal Operation. If the engine coolant temperature is Greater than a certain limit. . III. If the engine coolant temperature is less than a certain limit. Coolant Temperature Sensor Control Circuit (Continued): The coolant temperature sensor is used to measure the engine coolant temperature and send a DC signal to the ECM. II. The ECM will operate the cold mode strategy which will advance the injection timing. Shutdown. The ECM will perform the following: Warning. There are three possibilities: I. If the engine coolant temperature is within a certain range. Derate.

7. Fuel pressure Sensor Control Circuit: .4.

If the fuel Pressure is less than a certain value. . Sensors send the fuel pressure reading as a DC signal to the ECM. Fuel Pressure Sensor Control Circuit (Continued): There are two Fuel Pressure sensors to measure the Fuel pressure After and Before the fuel oil filter.4. The ECM will turn on a warning Lamp on the operator compartment.7.

4.8. Exhaust Temperature Sensor Control Circuit: .

Derate.8.4. ECM will perform: Warning. If the exhaust temperature exceeds a certain limit. . Shut down. Sensor send a DC signal to the ECM. ECM uses this signal to monitoring the excessive engine heat. Exhaust Temperature Sensor Control Circuit (Continued): There are an exhaust temperature sensor located on each exhaust manifold.