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by Tom Sims


ICHCA International Safety Panel Safety Briefing Pamphlet #2

ICHCA INTERNATIONAL LIMITED is an independent, non-political international membership organisation, whose membership comprises corporations, individuals, academic institutions and other organisations involved in, or concerned with, the international transport and cargo handling industry. With an influential membership in numerous countries, ICHCA International’s objective is the improvement of efficiency in cargo handling by all modes of transport, at all stages of the transport chain and in all regions of the world. This object is achieved inter-alia by the dissemination of information on cargo handling to its membership and their international industry. ICHCA International enjoys consultative status with a number of inter-governmental organisations. It also maintains a close liaison and association with many non-governmental organisations. ICHCA International has an Honorary President, a nine person Board and National Sections and a Regional Chapter in various countries, together with an International Registered Office in the U.K. The office’s primary role is to co-ordinate the activities of the organisation. It has an International Safety Panel and an International Research and Education Panel. The Registered Office maintains a unique and comprehensive database of cargo handling information, publishes bi-monthly electronic newsletters, an annual hard copy report and operates a dedicated technical enquiry service, which is available to members. It also organises a biennial Conference. Studies are undertaken and reports are periodically issued on a wide range of subjects of interest and concern to members and their industry.

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2 No. Lashing and Other Related Matters Port & Terminal Accident Statistics (under revision) Safe Handling of Radioactive Materials in Ports and Harbour Areas (revised) Ship Design Considerations for Stevedore Safety (under revision) Safe Walkways in Port & Terminal Areas Personal Protective Equipment & Clothing Back Pain Lifting Persons at Work for Cargo Handling Purposes in the Port Industry The International Safety Panel Technical/Operational Advice series consists of the following: No. 1 No. 9 No. 6 No. 9 No. 1 No. 23 No. 4 No. 20 No. 24 No. 11 Semi-Automatic Twistlocks (under revision) Fumes in Ships Holds (revised) Health & Safety Assessments in Ports (under revision) Container Top Safety. 152 Occupational Safety and Health in Dockwork (revised) Ships Lifting Plant (revised) The International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code (revised)) Classification Societies (Revised) Container Terminal Safety Guidance on the Preparation of Emergency Plans (under revision) Safe Cleaning of Freight Containers (revised) Safe Working on Container Ships Safe Use of Flexible Intermediate Bulk Containers (FIBCs) (Revised) Safe Working at Ro-Ro Terminals The International Convention for Safe Containers (CSC) Safety Audit System for Ports The Loading and Unloading of Solid Bulk Cargoes The Role of the Independent Marine Surveyor in Assisting Claims Handling Substance Abuse Safe Use of Textile Slings Shore Ramps and Walkways Port State Control Safe Handling of Interlocked Flats Unseen Dangers in Containers Stow it right Suspension Trauma Safe Handling of Forest Products Safe use of Road Vehicle Twistlocks An Illustrated Guide to Container Size and Type Codes The International Safety Panel Research Paper series consists of the following research papers: No. 7 No. 4 No. 10 No. 8 No. 13 No. 3 No. 1A Vertical Tandem Lifting of Freight Containers Vertical Tandem Lifting – Operations Checklist Plasticised Pocket Cards © ICHCA International Limited . 19 No. 17 No. 21 No. 3 No. 1 No. 16 No. 8 No. 14 No. 25 International Labour Office (ILO) Convention No. 5 No. 15 No.International Safety Panel Briefing Pamphlet # 2 The International Safety Panel Briefing Pamphlet series consists of the following pamphlets: No. 12 No. 22 No. 10 No. 18 No. 6 No. 2 No. 11 No. 5 No. 7 No.

The series is designed to inform those involved in the cargo-handling field of various practical health and safety issues. © ICHCA International Limited . contact ICHCA's registered office. The comments set out in this publication are not necessarily the views of ICHCA or any member of the Safety Panel All rights reserved. For information. No part of this publication may be reproduced or copied without ICHCA's prior written permission. Placards. the reduction of accidents in port work and the protection of port workers' health. standards and codes of practice. The publication should always be read in conjunction with the relevant national and international legislation and any applicable regulations. Marks and Signs Confined Spaces on Board Dry Cargo Ships General Advice Series No. ICHCA prepares its publications according to the information available at the time of publication. 1 Guidelines to Shipping Packaged Dangerous Goods by Sea – advice to consignors and shippers Other titles in many of the series are in preparation This publication is one of a series developed by the International Safety Panel ("Safety Panel") of ICHCA International Limited ("ICHCA").International Safety Panel Briefing Pamphlet # 2 IIL/1 IIL/2 IIL/3 Dangerous Goods by Sea Documentation Dangerous Goods by Sea: The IMDG Code Labels. This publication does not constitute professional advice nor is it an exhaustive summary of the information available on the subject matter to which the publication refers. costs or expenses incurred (whether or not in negligence) arising from reliance on or interpretation of the publication. Every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of the information but neither ICHCA nor any member of the Safety Panel is responsible for any loss. damage. ICHCA aims to encourage port safety.

SPAIN John Nicholls. USA Kate Linley. FINLAND Raymond van Rooyan. DENMARK Risto Repo. USA Armin Steinhoff. APM Terminals. Roman Nunez. GERMANY Bala Subramaniam. CANADA Pedro J. P&O Ports. ECT. USA (Deputy Chairman) Roy Boneham. Fabian Guerra Associates. THE NETHERLANDS Mike Bohlman. Israel Ports. Firefly Limited. THE NETHERLANDS Richard Marks.INTERNATIONAL SAFETY PANEL The International Safety Panel is composed of safety and training officers and directors. SAPO. UK Captain Peter Lundahl Rasmussen. AUSTRALIA Irfan Rahim. INDIA Andrew Synnott. AUSTRALIA © ICHCA International Limited . The Blueoceana Company. Australian Maritime Safety Authority. Dept for Occupational Health & Safety. UK Benoit Passard. UK David Avery. UK Peter Bamford. ILWU. UK Nic Paines. UK Jim Chubb. SWITZERLAND John Miller. Trinity House. SSA. OPCSA. OSHA. BIMCO. UK Bill Brassington. UK Gary Danback. trade unions. Circlechief AP. SWEDEN Mick Payze. IICL. GERMANY Marios Meletiou. UK Joachim Meifort. UK John Alexander. Mike Compton (Chairman). THE NETHERLANDS Kees Marges. SOUTH AFRICA Ron Signorino. Accident Investigation Bureau of Finland. IRELAND Pamela Fry. DUBAI Paul Auston. PEMA. ILO. Horizon Lines.. Behörde für Arbeit. Puertos del Estado.International Safety Panel Briefing Pamphlet # 2 ICHCA International Limited . ISRAEL Eric Luca. AUSTRALIA Shimon Lior. IAPH. Gordon. Min. Mersey Docks & Harbour Company. representatives from leading safety and training organisations. UK Patricia Esquival. UK Al le Monnier. Checkmate UK Limited. Development and Assets. of Social Affairs & Health. THE NETHERLANDS Fer van der Laar. P&O Ports. CANADA Fabian Guerra. UK Jan Boermans. UK Peter van der Kluit. CANADA Bob Barnes. enforcement agencies. BMT Murray Fenton Limited. Inc. THE NETHERLANDS Larry Liberatore. UK Martin Anderson. Royal Haskoning. USA Steve Durham. International Maritime Organization. SPAIN Margaret Fitzgerald. transport consultants. USA Rob Dieda. institutions and leading authorities on the subject area from around the world. Patrick Stevedoring. DP World. Hamburg. THE NETHERLANDS Jeff Hurst. GeSeaCo. Hamburger Hafen-u Lagerhaus A-G. insurance interests. EQUADOR Harri Halme. Giles & Coy Ltd. FINLAND Daragh Henry.

UK (Deputy Chairman) Evert Wijdeveld. BELGIUM Andrew Webster. TT Club. GERMANY Raoul de Troije. Inc. HIT. USA Richard Day. USA Charles Visconti.. THE NETHERLANDS Hubert Vanleenhove. Jim McNamara. Maritime Department. HONG KONG The above lists those persons who were members of the Panel when the pamphlet was published. HONG KONG Paul Rossi. THE NETHERLANDS (Deputy Chairman) Bill Williams. International Cargo Gear Bureau. © ICHCA International Limited . However. National Cargo Bureau. CANADA Samuel Ng. USA CORRESPONDING/ASSOCIATED MEMBERS: Gerrit Laubscher. USA Dave Wilson. OSHA. Inc. Environmental & Safety Affairs. Estivar pty..International Safety Panel Briefing Pamphlet # 2 Markus Theuerholz. SOUTH AFRICA Paul Ho. membership does change and a list of current members can always be obtained from the ICHCA International Secretariat. Confidence Shipmanagement Company BV. MacGregor-Conver. Hutchison Ports (UK) Limited. Hessanatie. Maersk Inc. Deltalinqs. UK OBSERVERS: Capt. Transport Canada.

Since 1994.International Safety Panel Briefing Pamphlet # 2 About the Author Tom Sims was an apprentice through to Chief Officer on general cargo trades worldwide with Prince Line from 1949 to 1960. Lifting Equipment. loading and discharging all cargoes. Container Securing and Ro-Ro Lashing. Stevedores and Shipowners on Cranes. He assisted in developing chapters 4&5 of the third edition of the ILO Code of Practice on Health and Safety in Ports and was the technical consultant in developing PSO pocket cards on safe slinging. Stevedores from 1960 to 1976 responsible for ship management. . He then became Stevedoring Superintendent with A E Smith Coggings Ltd. © ICHCA International Limited . EU Standards and Regulations. Derricks. He became Marine Equipment coordinator for Coubro & Scrutton Ltd from 1976 to 1994 dealing with Port Operators. he has offered a consultancy service on lifting and securing equipment. From 1968 he was Equipment Superintendent responsible for all mechanical and lifting equipment for the Group in London and Tilbury. the designing of lifting equipment and implementation of ISO Standards. He is a Foreign Going Master and a chains and ships cargo gear tester and examiner.

1 5.2 6 7 Ship Shore Provision of safe lifting plant by ship Use of safe lifting plant by cargo handlers Page 1 1 1 2 3 3 4 4 4 4 5 Records Practical guidance for cargo handlers Appendices 1 2 3 4 5 Bibliography Definition of ships lifting plant Meaning of thorough examination Countries who have ratified ILO 152 Countries who have ratified ILO 32 Records required to be kept by ILO 152 ISBN: 1 85330 095 0 978-1-85330-011-0 First Published Revised Second revision 1993 2004 2006 © ICHCA International Limited .4.2 5 Duties 5.4.International Safety Panel Briefing Pamphlet # 2 CONTENTS Item 1 2 3 4 What is Ships Lifting Plant? What are the problems with Ships Lifting Plant? How is Ships Lifting Plant kept in a safe condition? What is the legal position? 4.1 4.

front ramps and internal ships ramps are classed as access equipment and are not used as lifting appliances but lifting appliances are used to place and restow them. Ships lifting gear includes: • • • • • Slings: wire rope. dockwork and the ships covered by the provisions.3 Derricks Jib cranes Derrick cranes Transporter or gantry cranes Fork lift trucks and mobile cranes carried by the ship Cargo lifts 1. chain.1 2. fibre (man-made and natural) Lifting chains Lifting frames Spreaders Any other gear which is provided by the ship and used to connect the load to the lifting appliance 1. Therefore this type of access equipment is subject to the same requirements as for lifting appliances. Lifting appliances include: • • • • • • 1.1 .5 See Appendix 1 for complete definitions of lifting plant.1. This was adopted in 1979. WHAT ARE THE PROBLEMS WITH SHIPS LIFTING PLANT? Many ports in the world still rely upon ships lifting plant to load and discharge cargo and port personnel should check whether the lifting plant is safe to use before operations commence (see Item 5). Appendix 3 lists those port/flag states that have ratified ILO 152 and Appendix 4 lists those 1 © ICHCA International Limited 2 2. side ramps.4 1.1 3 3.International Safety Panel Briefing Pamphlet # 2 Ships Lifting Plant 1 1. How is ships lifting plant kept in a safe condition? Controls on ships lifting plant are laid down in Convention 152 of the International Labour Office (ILO 152).1 What is ships lifting plant? Ships lifting plant comprises mechanical lifting appliances and lifting gear carried on board ship and used for the discharge and loading of cargo or ship’s stores or equipment. This pamphlet is intended to give general advice and guidance to those who are responsible for providing and those who use shipborne cargo handling lifting plant for loading/discharge purposes. The kind of problems found extend from lack of lubrication of the plant to situations where plant is clearly damaged or otherwise unfit or unsafe to use. The use of unsuitable or unsafe ships lifting plant for cargo handling has resulted in the death or injury of port workers. Appendix 1 explains which ship types are covered by the Convention.2 Stern ramps.

b) 3. regular testing of lifting appliances is now required. • or 3. Governments based on a federal structure cannot sign on behalf of their individual states.2 What is the legal position? The legal situation is complex. ILO 152 has a higher standard than ILO 32.2 This Convention deals with health and safety in dockwork and specifies that each item of ships lifting plant must be – a) tested when new. Appendix 3 lists those countries that have ratified ILO 152 and Appendix 4 lists those countries that ratified ILO 32. Some nations may not be able to ratify the Convention.International Safety Panel Briefing Pamphlet # 2 port/flag states that ratified the earlier ILO 32 (see Safety Briefing Pamphlet #1).1 4. given a thorough examination at least once in every 12 months (see Appendix 2 for explanation of thorough examination).3 In addition. sign) the Convention and then incorporate it in its own national laws for the Convention to have legal effect in that country.4 a competent shore based contractor. International Labour Office (ILO) Convention 32. This means that each maritime nation has to ratify (i.3 . which was adopted by ILO in 1932. for example.5 Shipborne personnel may also carry out some of this work if competent but it needs time. 2 © ICHCA International Limited 4. However. they normally seek to follow the provisions of such Conventions. 3. For example. A thorough examination includes stripping down blocks. has been replaced by the requirement for an annual thorough examination. Many other nations are working towards reflecting the higher standards of ILO 152.6 • 4 4. ILO Convention No 152 has “advisory” status internationally. every lifting appliance on board ship must be tested once in every five years. The thorough examinations and testing must be carried out by a person competent to do so and this normally means a person employed by – • • a classification society (see Safety Briefing Pamphlet # 4). and testing requires special equipment. equipment and expertise to do so. 3. was subsequently replaced by ILO 152. the main differences relating to ships lifting plant being • the previous system of a thorough examination of ships derricks every four years (the quadrennial or quad) together with an annual inspection. or after repair or modification. 3.e. to ensure that its lifting capacity has not been affected and then shall be given a thorough examination.

5 4. A ship calling at a foreign port where the local stevedores will use the ship’s lifting plant for cargo handling purposes could find The port state has incorporated ILO 152 into its workplace safety laws and requires examination of the ships’ documents and inspection of the ships lifting plant before use. This leads to a possible nine different legal positions concerning the provision and use of ships lifting plant for cargo operations that might apply in a given country’s ports.4 4.6.6 4. or 4. but foreign flag ships are allowed to reflect the standard of their own flag when in the port state’s ports.6. A ship calling at a foreign port and intending to provide safe lifting plant could find The Merchant Shipping law governing the port state in question fully incorporates ILO 152 and requires all ships. Canada – which is about to adopt new Tackle Regulations that will have the same effect. observes that standard irrespective of the port of call. or The foreign flag state has adopted the earlier ILO 32 but has not yet adopted the higher standards of ILO 152. The port state may or may not have actually ratified ILO 152. The port state’s own flag ships would be required to follow the port state’s national law.5 4. 4. Part 32). or 4.1.2 The port state has fully incorporated ILO 152 into its Merchant Shipping laws. to comply with the standards of ILO 152 when loading/discharging cargo in that country’s ports. or 4.4 4. and the USA – which has adopted a new Terminal Standard (CFR 1917) and revised Safety and Health Regulations for Longshoring (CFR 1918).3 The foreign flag state has adopted ILO 152 and.5.1 Such countries include Australia – which has adopted the standards of ILO 152 (Marine Orders. therefore.International Safety Panel Briefing Pamphlet # 2 4. of whatever flag state. or The port state has incorporated ILO 32 into its workplace safety laws which also require examination of the ships’ documents and inspection of the ships lifting plant before use.5. or The foreign flag state has adopted neither ILO 32 nor ILO 3 © ICHCA International Limited . The flag state may or may not have actually so ratified either.5.3.1 4.

6. the ILO adopted model documents that could be used.6. Proper planning should ensure against a test or thorough examination running out while the ship is at sea. many others do not. Duties The basic duties of the ship’s owner and master are to ensure • that the ships lifting plant is safe after being installed. whilst some nations accept postponements. However.4 The port state does not have any specific shoreside safety law concerning ships lifting plant (for further information on the legal requirements of ILO 152 see Safety Briefing Pamphlet #1). the tests.3 6 6. they should do so in a safe manner. the thorough examinations and the annual inspections. 5 5. If acceptable within the law. with the details needing to be recorded being specified but the manner of recording them left flexible.3 A few port states have adopted more stringent requirements than ILO 32 or ILO 152 regarding ships lifting plant being used in its own ports.2 6. This is usually carried out by an experienced member of the employer’s staff who is going to be in charge of the loading/discharging operation. The shore based employer and his employees must operate the lifting plant in a safe manner. Where ships’ crew use the ships lifting plant. Both ship’s management and stevedore should be aware of the shoreside law of the port state regarding postponements. See Appendix 5 for the documentary requirements of ILO 152. Records Both ILO 32 and 152 require the ship to keep records of every item of ships lifting plant and the various tests and examinations on board. or 4. If this does happen a postponement of the test or thorough examination may be agreed with the appropriate authority. all the necessary examinations and tests are carried out at the correct intervals and examinations and tests are properly recorded. postponements should only be for a short period of time and 4 © ICHCA International Limited 5.1 6. whereas ILO 152 has adopted a slightly different approach.3 6.1 • 5.International Safety Panel Briefing Pamphlet # 2 4.4 6. ILO 32 detailed particular forms to be used. The records under ILO 32 normally consist of a ships gear register which has different parts for the lifting plant detail. To assist in the standardisation of procedures. it is maintained in a safe condition.2 The duty of the shore based employer whose personnel will use the ships lifting plant for loading or discharge is to check that the ships lifting plant documents are in order and visually check (as far as is possible) that the plant is safe to use.5 . In each case individual test and thorough examination certificates should be kept with any other relevant documents and be available for inspection.

The publications listed in the bibliography provide detailed advice on examination of derricks. Cargo lifts should be treated as ships lifting plant before being used. The extent of examination of the ships lifting plant will depend upon the age and apparent condition of the ship.6 7. Where. inspector from the shoreside enforcement agency.3 7. On the other hand. except where attached to the deck or winches. splices. or damaged wires. “Liverpool” splices on running gear. shackles. cargo handlers must physically check the actual ships lifting plant that is to be used and that it is properly identified by the documentation.5 7.International Safety Panel Briefing Pamphlet # 2 authorised by a classification society or surveyor of the maritime administration of the flag state.g. as to whether a particular splice was acceptable or not.10 7. In some circumstances a simple check will be enough. e. blocks.g. wire rope grips and other deck and access equipment (including marking). unless there was a particular reason for doing so. wires. or person from a competent shorebased contractor or classification society should be sought. If an unacceptable condition is found.1 Practical Guidance for Cargo Handlers In addition to examining the test and certification documents/records. 7 7. The condition of the ships lifting plant to be used should be checked as far as is reasonable. hooks.8 7. This will only need to be done for the lifting plant to be driven and/or used for loading or discharge of cargo/stores/equipment. Should there be a difference of opinion. e.2 7. both the record check and plant examination could take an extended time. Ships masters operating ships on regular routes will be familiar with the requirement of the port states at which the ship calls. If the crane at No 1 hatch is to be used but not the others. independent advice from either a surveyor from the local maritime administration. A stevedore would not normally examine the topping gear (or span gear). cranes. the stevedore must insist on it being replaced before that particular item of lifting plant issued.4 7. there will be situations in which a more extensive examination should be made. Cargo lifts are classified as ships lifting plant and may be operated either by shoreside or ships personnel.9 7. the ship does not have lifting plant which fully complies with the requirements.7 7. 5 © ICHCA International Limited 7. this should include the rigging of derricks (checking with the ships’ rigging plans) and derrick cranes. whether on their own or with other cargo handling equipment or vehicles. its plant and the regularity of handling in the port. that will be the only lifting appliance that needs to be examined.11 . The documentation and ship lifting plant checks should not therefore take time nor delay cargo work provided the ships lifting gear is in good order. Where appropriate. however.

12 If a stevedore determines that a particular lifting appliance should not be used he can consider the following options: hire-in another lifting appliance. leave the cargo operations to the ships crew if the equipment is very specialised. insist on new thorough examination or test (as appropriate) being carried out.International Safety Panel Briefing Pamphlet # 2 7. 6 © ICHCA International Limited . change method of discharge. either shoreside or floating crane.

including shore-based power operated ramps. the Convention provides that member Governments may exempt dockwork in relation to small ships if the work is irregular and in relation to fishing vessels providing that safe working conditions are maintained and that the competent authority is satisfied that it is reasonable to do so. barge. DOCKWORK All and any part of the work of loading or unloading any ship as well as any work incidental to it – the definition of such work to be established by national law or practice. lighter or hovercraft excluding ships of war. © ICHCA International Limited . used on shore or on board ship for suspending. SHIPS The term “ship” covers any kind of ship. LOOSE GEAR Any gear by means of which a load can be attached to a lifting appliance but which does not form an integral part of the appliance or load.International Safety Panel Briefing Pamphlet # 2 Appendix 1 Definition of ships lifting plant. dockwork and Ships covered by ILO Convention 152 LIFTING APPLIANCE All stationary or mobile cargo-handling appliances. raising or lowering loads or moving them from one position to another while suspended or supported. However. LIFTING PLANT Consists of all lifting appliances and loose gear. vessel.

© ICHCA International Limited . supplemented if necessary by other suitable means or measures. in order to arrive at a reliable conclusion as to the safety of the appliance or item of loose gear examined.International Safety Panel Briefing Pamphlet # 2 Appendix 2 Meaning of thorough examination A detailed visual examination by a competent person.

International Safety Panel Briefing Pamphlet # 2 Appendix 3 Countries that have ratified ILO 152 Brazil Congo Cuba Cyprus Denmark Ecuador Egypt Finland France Germany Guinea Iraq Italy Jamaica Lebanon Mexico Netherlands Norway Peru Russian Federation Seychelles Spain Sweden Tanzania Turkey © ICHCA International Limited .

International Safety Panel Briefing Pamphlet # 2 Appendix 4 Countries that ratified ILO 32 Algeria Argentina Bangladesh Belgium Bulgaria Byelorussian SSR Canada Chile China Honduras India Ireland Italy Kenya Malta Mauritius Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Pakistan Panama Sierra Leone Singapore Ukrainian SSR USSR United Kingdom Uruguay Yugoslavia © ICHCA International Limited .

or certified true copies of the certificates. thorough examination and inspection. of lifting appliances and items of loose gear. The register shall comprise certificates granted or recognised as valid by the competent authority. © ICHCA International Limited . as the case may be. in a form prescribed by the competent authority.International Safety Panel Briefing Pamphlet # 2 Appendix 5 Records required to be kept by ILO 152 A register of the lifting appliances and items of loose gear shall be kept in a form prescribed by the competent authority. account being taken of the model recommended by the International Labour Office. account being taken of the models recommended by the International Labour Office in respect of the testing.

550 California Street. Obtainable from: ILO Publications.Chapter 4 lifting appliances and loose gear .Chapter 5 Safe use of lifting appliances and loose gear. Sacramento Street Tower. CH-1211 Geneva 22. California 94104. International Labour Office. PMA/ILWU Safety Code (as amended) Obtainable from: Pacific Maritime Association. This includes lifting ISO containers without spreaders ISO 4301 Crane Classification ISO 4308 Wire Ropes ISO 4310 Testing Cranes ISO 4390 Examination of Wire Ropes ISO 6043 Ship building and marine structures – Eye and fork assemblies under tension load – Main dimensions ISO 6044 Ship building and marine structures – Derrick boom head fittings –Main dimensions ISO 6045 Ship building and marine structures – Bearings for derrick goosenecksassemblies and components ISO 8087 Mobile Cranes-Winch and Drum Sizes ISO 8148 Shipbuilding and marine structures – Derrick boom head fittings – Fixed type ISO 8314 Shipbuilding and marine structures – Trunnion pieces for span bearings and lead block bearings © ICHCA International Limited . USA. Switzerland.Safe Means of Access ISO 2308 Hooks for lifting freight containers up to 30 tonnes capacity – Basic requirements ISO 2415 Shackles ISO 3874 Series 1 Freight Containers – Handling and Securing.International Safety Panel Briefing Pamphlet # 2 BIBLIOGRAPHY ILO Convention No 32 ILO Convention No 152 ILO Code of Practice “Safety and Health in Ports” 2005 . San Francisco. ISO3078 Shipbuilding – Cargo winches ISO 1660 Cranes .

Thimbles Part 2: Splicing of Eyes for Slings Part 3. Switzerland The following regulations have been drawn up for use in the European Economic Community and are included for reference. Please consult your own Standards Authority for their equivalents. Grade 8 Part 2: Hooks with Latches-Grade 8 Part 3: Self Locking Hooks-Grade 8 Part 4: Links-Grade 8 Part 5: Hooks with Latches-Grade 4 Part 6: Links-Grade 4 EN 12385. Part1: Guidance on the Safe Use of Cranes ISO 15513 Competence of Crane Drivers Obtainable from International Organization for Standardization. Part 1: Terminations for Steel Wire Ropes. 1 rue de Varembe.Forged Steel. Caisse Postale. Wire Rope Grips. Stranded Ropes for General Lifting EN 13411. EN 292. Part 6: Asymmetric Wedge Socket EN 13414. Part 1: Components for Slings . CH-1211 Geneva 20. “U” Bolt. General Requirements Part 2: Definitions Part 3: Use and Maintenance Part 4. Part: Steel Wire Ropes. Part 2: Safety of Machinery EN 1050 Safety of Machines-Principles of Risk Assessment EN 1677. Part 1: Steel Wire Rope Slings Part 2: Safety. Ferrules and Ferrule Secured Eyes Part 4: Resin and Metal Socketing Part 5. BSMA 17 Specification for Derrick Boom Clamps BSMA 20 Specification for the Presentation of Ships Cargo Gear Particulars © ICHCA International Limited . Please consult your own Standard Authority for their equivalents.International Safety Panel Briefing Pamphlet # 2 ISO 8793 Spliced Eyes ISO 9926 Training of Crane Drivers ISO 10245 Limit Switches ISO 12480.Grade 6 The following regulations have been drawn up for use in the United Kingdom and are included for reference. Selection and Discard Part 3: Grommets and Cable Laid Slings EN 13889 Forged Steel Shackles Dee & Bow.

Linford Wood. 25t in combination Pulley Blocks for Fibre Rope Pulley Blocks for Wire Rope Code of Practice for the Safe Use of Cranes BS 7121. Specification for Sockets for Wire Rope. MK14 6LE Maritime and Coastguard Agency: Code of Safe Working Practice for Merchant Seaman. Part 1: Safe Use of Cranes . PO Box 276. SW8 5DT. Part 3: Zinc Coated Wire Ropes for Ships Part 5: Wire Rope for hauling Part 7: Large Diameter Wire Rope Part 8: Higher Breaking Wire Rope BS 463. Obtainable from The Stationary Office. England © ICHCA International Limited . London. Imperial measurements Part 2: Specification for Sockets for Wire Rope.International Safety Panel Briefing Pamphlet # 2 BSMA 28 Dimensions of Tracks for Masts and Deck Fittings BSMA 31 Specification for Ships Deck Machinery – Cargo Winches BSMA 47 Code of Practice for Ships Cargo Blocks BSMA 48 Code of Practice for the Design of Ships Derrick Rigs BSMA 79 Specification for Jib Cranes Ship Mounted BSMA 81 Specification for Ships Derrick Fittings BS 320. Metric measurements ISO 2415 (DC01/711555) Forged Shackles Dee & Bow (BS 3032) BS 3551 BS 4018 BS 4344 BS 4536 BS 5744 Alloy Shackles Specification of Blocks for wire rope max. Part 1.General Part 2: Code of Practice for the Inspection. Milton Keynes. Testing and Examination Part 3: Mobile Cranes Part 4: Lorry Mounted Cranes Part 5: Tower Cranes Part 11: Offshore Cranes Part 12: Recovery Vehicles and Equipment BS 7167 Bordeaux Connections Obtainable from British Standards Institution.