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Steel I - Beam Calculation Note

1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

End Moments (kips-ft)


Ml
Mr
Span L (ft) =
36

Deflection Condition
L / Dmax =
240

LRFD

tw (in)
0.44

0.076
2.083
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

wi

Mr (Kip-ft)

Ml (Kip-ft)

Designation
W24x76

tf (in)
0.68

wi
0

xri

Rl

bf (in)
8.99

E
0

Pi
xli

c
Lateral
support

Unbraced
length

Reactions Rl & Rr (kips)


Dead
Live
Wind
E
TOTAL

T (in)
Ix (in4) Sx (in3)
21
2100
176

rx (in)
9.69

Iy (in4)
82.5

ry (in)
Zx (in3)
1.92
200

Rr
Rl
17.2231
22.5
0
0
39.7231

Rr
-16.501
-22.5
0
0
-39.001

J (in4) Cw (in6)
2.68
11100

Plastic buckling moment (LRFD p.4-6)


Mp (kips-ft) =
600
Limiting buckling moment (LRFD p.4-6)

Local buckling
l=
lp =

flange
web
(LRFD
6.61029 47.7273
p.4-7)
10.8333 106.667

Mr (kips-ft) =

lr =

27.6524 161.667

Max Deflection Dmax (in) =


Load Combinations
Moment Mu (kips-ft) =
at x (ft) =
Shear Vu (kips) =
at x (ft) =

381.333
0.77568
1.4D
209.676
18.000
24.112
0

1.2D+1.6L
503.713
18.000
56.668
0

Required Flexural Strength Mu (kips-ft) =


Required Shear Strength Vu (kips) =

Checkings:

Mohd Darwish

xi

Fy (ksi) =
36

Lateral buckling (LRFD p.6-53)


Lp (ft) =
8
Lr (ft) =
23.4518

Results:

Mohd Darwish

Checked by:

0
0

Zones Between Lateral


Supports
From
To
0
6
6
12
12
18
18
24
24
30

Beam Properties
A (in2)
d (in)
22.4
23.92

Revised by:

Distributed Loads (kips/ft)


xli (ft)
xri (ft)
Dead
Live
Wind
0
36
0.076
0
0
36
0.833
1.25

Pi

Page

5/24/1999

of

Concentrated Loads (kips)


xi (ft)
Dead
Live
Wind
5
1

Design

Date:

Assignment #5 - Problem 5.6 (a)

Project:

Issue:

Deflection (LRFD p.4-29)

503.7
56.67

L / Dmax =

Nominal Flexural Strength Mn (kips-ft) (f = 0.9) (LRFD p.4-6,4-7)


Critical unbraced length for lateral torsional buckling:
form
to
Lb (ft)
Cb
Mu (ft-kips)
Mn
Zone
12
18
6
1.025
503.713
600
Local buckling in flange
600
Local buckling in web
600
Nominal Shear Strength Vn (kips) (f = 0.9) (LRFD p.6-56)
Nominal Shear Strength Vn (kips)
227.3

at x (ft) = 18
due to live load
1.2D+1.0E+0.5L 1.2D+1.3W+0.5L
280.968
280.968
18.000
18.000
31.918
31.918
0
0

at x (ft) = 18
at x (ft) = 0
556.9 >

240

YES

Mu / f Mn =

0.933 < 1.00 YES

Mu / f Mn =
Mu / f Mn =

0.933 < 1.00 YES


0.933 < 1.00 YES

Vu / f Vn =

0.277 < 1.00 YES

Page

of

Test1
Test2

Test1

Project:

Design

Issue:
Date:
Revised by:
Checked by:

Steel I - Beam Calculation Note

LRFD

Bending Moment Diagram

0
Moment (kips-ft)

100
Load case 1

200

Load case 2

300

Load case 3

400

Load case 4

500
600
0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

x/L

Shear Force Diagram


80
60
Shear (kips)

40
Load case 1

20

Load case 2

0
-20 0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

Load case 3
Load case 4

-40

-60
-80
x/L

Deflection Shape
0
0.1

Deflection (in)

0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5
x/L

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

Designation
W27x84
W24x76
W24x84
W21x201
W21x182
W21x166
W21x147
W21x132
W21x122
W21x111
W21x101
W21x93
W21x83
W21x73
W21x68
W21x62
W21x57
W21x50
W21x44
W18x311
W18x283
W18x258
W18x234
W18x211
W18x192
W18x175
W18x158
W18x143
W18x130
W18x119
W18x106
W18x97
W18x86
W18x76
W18x71
W18x65
W18x60
W18x55
W18x50
W18x46
W18x40
W18x35

A
in.2

d
in.
24.8
22.4
24.7
59.20
53.60
48.80
43.20
38.80
35.90
32.70
29.80
27.30
24.30
21.50
20.00
18.30
16.70
14.70
13.00
91.50
83.20
75.90
68.80
62.10
56.40
51.30
46.30
42.10
38.20
35.10
31.10
28.50
25.30
22.30
20.80
19.10
17.60
16.20
14.70
13.50
11.80
10.30

tw
in.
26.71
23.92
24.1
23.03
22.72
22.48
22.06
21.83
21.68
21.51
21.36
21.62
21.43
21.24
21.13
20.99
21.06
20.83
20.66
22.32
21.85
21.46
21.06
20.67
20.35
20.04
19.72
19.49
19.25
18.97
18.73
18.59
18.39
18.21
18.47
18.35
18.24
18.11
17.99
18.06
17.90
17.70

bf
in.
0.46
0.44
0.47
0.910
0.830
0.750
0.720
0.650
0.600
0.550
0.500
0.580
0.515
0.455
0.430
0.400
0.405
0.380
0.350
1.520
1.400
1.280
1.160
1.060
0.960
0.890
0.810
0.730
0.670
0.655
0.590
0.535
0.480
0.425
0.495
0.450
0.415
0.390
0.355
0.360
0.315
0.300

tf
in.
9.96
8.99
9.02
12.575
12.500
12.420
12.510
12.440
12.390
12.340
12.290
8.420
8.355
8.295
8.270
8.240
6.555
6.530
6.500
12.005
11.890
11.770
11.650
11.555
11.455
11.375
11.300
11.220
11.160
11.265
11.200
11.145
11.090
11.035
7.635
7.590
7.555
7.530
7.495
6.060
6.015
6.000

T
in.
0.64
0.68
0.77
1.630
1.480
1.360
1.150
1.035
0.960
0.875
0.800
0.930
0.835
0.740
0.685
0.615
0.650
0.535
0.450
2.740
2.500
2.300
2.110
1.910
1.750
1.590
1.440
1.320
1.200
1.060
0.940
0.870
0.770
0.680
0.810
0.750
0.695
0.630
0.570
0.605
0.525
0.425

k
in.
24
21
21
18.250
18.250
18.250
18.250
18.250
18.250
18.250
18.250
18.250
18.250
18.250
18.250
18.250
18.250
18.250
18.250
15.500
15.500
15.500
15.500
15.500
15.500
15.500
15.500
15.500
15.500
15.500
15.500
15.500
15.500
15.500
15.500
15.500
15.500
15.500
15.500
15.500
15.500
15.500

k1
in.
1 3/8
1 4/9
1 4/7
2.3750
2.2500
2.1250
1.8750
1.8125
1.6875
1.6250
1.5625
1.6875
1.5625
1.5000
1.4375
1.3750
1.3750
1.3125
1.1875
3.4375
3.1875
3.0000
2.7500
2.5625
2.4375
2.2500
2.1250
2.0000
1.8750
1.7500
1.6250
1.5625
1.4375
1.3750
1.5000
1.4375
1.3750
1.3125
1.2500
1.2500
1.1875
1.1250

0.9375
0.9375
0.9375
1.0000
1.0000
0.9375
1.0625
1.0000
1.0000
0.9375
0.9375
1.0000
0.9375
0.9375
0.8750
0.8750
0.8750
0.8750
0.8750
1.1875
1.1875
1.1250
1.0000
1.0000
0.9375
0.8750
0.8750
0.8125
0.8125
0.9375
0.9375
0.8750
0.8750
0.8125
0.8750
0.8750
0.8125
0.8125
0.8125
0.8125
0.8125
0.7500

Wt/ft
lb

bf/2tf
84
76
84
201
182
166
147
132
122
111
101
93
83
73
68
62
57
50
44
311
283
258
234
211
192
175
158
143
130
119
106
97
86
76
71
65
60
55
50
46
40
35

h/tw

3.90
4.20
4.60
5.40
6.00
6.50
7.10
7.70
4.50
5.00
5.60
6.00
6.70
5.00
6.10
7.20
2.20
2.40
2.60
2.80
3.00
3.30
3.60
3.90
4.20
4.60
5.30
6.00
6.40
7.20
8.10
4.70
5.10
5.40
6.00
6.60
5.00
5.70
7.10

Fy'''
ksi

20.60
22.60
24.90
26.10
28.90
31.30
34.10
37.50
32.30
36.40
41.20
43.60
46.90
46.3
49.40
53.60
10.6
11.50
12.50
13.80
15.10
16.70
18.00
19.80
21.90
23.90
24.50
27.20
30.00
33.40
37.80
32.40
35.70
38.70
41.20
45.20
44.60
51.00
53.50

X1
ksi

55
45
61
48
38
34
29
30
26
22
57
45
61
50
43
38
31
32
25
22

X2x10^6
(1/ksi)^2

4290
3910
3590
3140
2840
2630
2400
2200
2680
2400
2140
2000
1820
1960
1730
1550
8160
7520
6920
6360
5800
5320
4870
4430
4060
3710
3340
2990
2750
2460
2180
2680
2470
2290
2110
1920
2060
1810
1590

453
649
904
1590
2350
3160
4510
6400
3460
5250
8380
10900
15900
13100
22600
36600
38
52
71
97
140
194
274
396
557
789
1210
1880
2580
4060
6520
3310
4540
6080
8540
12400
10100
17200
30300

Ix
in.4

Sx
in.3
2850
2100
2370
5310
4730
4280
3630
3220
2960
2670
2420
2070
1830
1600
1480
1330
1170
984
843
6960
6160
5510
4900
4330
3870
3450
3060
2750
2460
2190
1910
1750
1530
1330
1170
1070
984
890
800
712
612
510

rx
in
213.0
176.0
196.0
461.0
417.0
380.0
329.0
295.0
273.0
249.0
227.0
192.0
171.0
151.0
140.0
127.0
111.0
94.5
81.6
624.0
564.0
514.0
466.0
419.0
380.0
344.0
310.0
282.0
256.0
231.0
204.0
188.0
166.0
146.0
127.0
117.0
108.0
98.3
88.9
78.8
68.4
57.6

10.70
9.69
9.79
9.47
9.40
9.36
9.17
9.12
9.09
9.05
9.02
8.70
8.67
8.64
8.60
8.54
8.36
8.18
8.06
8.72
8.61
8.53
8.44
8.35
8.28
8.20
8.12
8.09
8.03
7.90
7.84
7.82
7.77
7.73
7.50
7.49
7.47
7.41
7.38
7.25
7.21
7.04

Iy
in.4

Sy
in.3
106.0
82.5
94.4
542.0
483.0
435.0
376.0
333.0
305.0
274.0
248.0
92.9
81.4
70.6
64.7
57.5
30.6
24.9
20.7
795.0
704.0
628.0
558.0
493.0
440.0
391.0
347.0
311.0
278.0
253.0
220.0
201.0
175.0
152.0
60.3
54.8
50.1
44.9
40.1
22.5
19.1
15.3

21.20
18.40
20.90
86.10
77.20
70.10
60.10
53.50
49.20
44.50
40.30
22.10
19.50
17.00
15.70
13.90
9.35
7.64
6.36
132.00
118.00
107.00
95.80
85.30
76.80
68.80
61.40
55.50
49.90
44.90
39.40
36.10
31.60
27.60
15.80
14.40
13.30
11.90
10.70
7.43
6.35
5.12

ry
in

Zx
in.3
2.07
1.92
1.95
3.02
3.00
2.98
2.95
2.93
2.92
2.90
2.89
1.84
1.83
1.81
1.80
1.77
1.35
1.30
1.26
2.95
2.91
2.88
2.85
2.82
2.79
2.76
2.74
2.72
2.70
2.69
2.66
2.65
2.63
2.61
1.70
1.69
1.69
1.67
1.65
1.29
1.27
1.22

Zy
in.3
244.0
200.0
224.0
530.0
476.0
432.0
373.0
333.0
307.0
279.0
253.0
221.0
196.0
172.0
160.0
144.0
129.0
110.0
95.4
753.0
676.0
611.0
549.0
490.0
442.0
398.0
356.0
322.0
291.0
261.0
230.0
211.0
186.0
163.0
145.0
133.0
123.0
112.0
101.0
90.7
78.4
66.5

33.20
28.60
32.60
133.00
119.00
108.00
92.60
82.30
75.60
68.20
61.70
34.70
30.50
26.60
24.40
21.70
14.80
12.20
10.20
207.00
185.00
166.00
149.00
132.00
119.00
106.00
94.80
85.40
76.70
69.10
60.50
55.30
48.40
42.20
24.70
22.50
20.60
18.50
16.60
11.70
9.95
8.06

J
in.4
2.81
2.68
3.7
41.30
31.10
23.90
15.40
11.30
8.98
6.83
5.21
6.03
4.34
3.02
2.45
1.83
1.77
1.14
0.77
177.00
135.00
104.00
79.70
59.30
45.20
34.20
25.40
19.40
14.70
10.60
7.48
5.86
4.10
2.83
3.48
2.73
2.17
1.66
1.24
1.22
0.81
0.51

Cw
in.6
17900
11100
12800
61800
54300
48500
41100
36000
32700
29200
26200
9940
8630
7410
6760
5960
3190
2570
2110
75700
65600
57400
49900
43200
37900
33200
28900
25700
22700
20300
17400
15800
13600
11700
4700
4240
3850
3430
3040
1710
1440
1140

38
Concentrated Loads (kips)
xi (in) Dead
Live
Wind
60
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

E
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Distributed Loads (kips/in)


xli (in) xri (in) Dead
Live
Wind
E
0
432 0.0063
0
0
0
432 0.0694 0.1042
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
End Moments
Ml (kips-in) =
0
0
0
Mr (kips-in) =
0
0
0
max Deflection (in) =

0.775684714

max Mu (kips-in) Case 1


2516.1
at x (in) =
216
Cb =
1.025
max Vu (kips)
Case 1
24.112
at x (in) =
0

at x (in) =

Case 2
6044.6
216
1.025
Case 2
56.668
0

1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1.4D
Case 1
1.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1.4D
wi
Case 1
0.0063 0.0089
0.1736 0.0972
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Pi

0
0

0
0

1.2D+1.6L
Case 2
1.2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1.2D+1.0E+0.5L 1.2D+1.3W+0.5L
Case 3
Case 4
1.2
1.2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1.2D+1.6L
Case 2
0.0076
0.25
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

0
0

1.2D+1.0E+0.5L
Case 3
0.0076
0.1354
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

216

Case 3
3371.6
216
1.025
Case 3
31.918
0

Reactions Rl & Rr (kips)


Dead
Live
Wind
E
TOTAL

Case 4
3371.6
216
1.025
Case 4
31.918
0

Results used in Design for Flexture


Zones between Lateral Supports

From
0
72
144
216
288
zones
From
0
72
144
216
288

To
72
144
216
288
360

Lb
6
6
6
6
6

To
72
144
216
288
360

Cb
Case 1
1.5741 1444.4
1.1446 2255.1
1.025 2516.1
1.027 2515.9
1.1483 2227.1
3

Case 2
3398.1
5388.9
6044.6
6044.5
5364.9

Ma

Mb

Mc

Mmax

685.87
2816.4
3972.3
4195.4
3485.9

1313.4
3192.8
4115.5
4105.5
3162.8

1882.7
3510.9
4200.4
3957.3
2781.4

Mu
Case 3
1913.1
3012.9
3371.6
3371.5
2988.9

Case 4
1913.1
3012.9
3371.6
3371.5
2988.9

Mu max LTB
f Mn
3398.1
600
5388.9
600
6044.6
600
6044.5
600
5364.9
600

cb

2381.7 1.5741
3770.8 1.1446
4227.1 1.025
4227.1 1.027
3750.8 1.1483
Mu / f Mn
0.472
0.7485
0.8395
0.8395
0.7451

LB
LB
flange Web
600
600
600
600
600
600
600
600
600
600

Rl
17.223
22.5
0
0
39.723

Mu
x/L
0
0.05
0.1
0.15
0.2
0.25
0.3
0.35
0.4
0.45
0.5
0.55
0.6
0.65
0.7
0.75
0.8
0.85
0.9
0.95
1

1
0
41.341
78.558
111.09
137.54
159.87
178.08
192.16
202.11
207.95
209.66
207.25
200.71
190.06
175.28
156.37
133.34
106.19
74.918
39.521
0

Vu
2
0
96.995
183.98
260.46
325.25
380.03
424.8
459.55
484.28
499
503.71
498.4
483.08
457.75
422.4
377.03
321.65
256.26
180.86
95.435
0

3
0
54.672
103.79
146.86
182.69
212.97
237.69
256.84
270.44
278.48
280.96
277.88
269.24
255.04
235.29
209.97
179.09
142.66
100.67
53.112
0

4
0
54.672
103.79
146.86
182.69
212.97
237.69
256.84
270.44
278.48
280.96
277.88
269.24
255.04
235.29
209.97
179.09
142.66
100.67
53.112
0

1
24.112
21.822
19.531
15.84
13.55
11.259
8.9683
6.6776
4.3869
2.0962
-0.194
-2.485
-4.776
-7.066
-9.357
-11.65
-13.94
-16.23
-18.52
-20.81
-23.1

2
56.668
51.104
45.541
38.777
33.214
27.651
22.087
16.524
10.96
5.3968
-0.167
-5.73
-11.29
-16.86
-22.42
-27.98
-33.55
-39.11
-44.67
-50.24
-55.8

3
31.918
28.829
25.741
21.452
18.364
15.276
12.187
9.0987
6.0102
2.9218
-0.167
-3.255
-6.344
-9.432
-12.52
-15.61
-18.7
-21.79
-24.87
-27.96
-31.05

4
31.918
28.829
25.741
21.452
18.364
15.276
12.187
9.0987
6.0102
2.9218
-0.167
-3.255
-6.344
-9.432
-12.52
-15.61
-18.7
-21.79
-24.87
-27.96
-31.05

Deflections
0
0.1235
0.2435
0.3568
0.4607
0.5527
0.6307
0.6932
0.7387
0.7664
0.7757
0.7664
0.7387
0.6932
0.6307
0.5527
0.4607
0.3568
0.2435
0.1235
0

1.2D+1.3W+0.5L

1.2D+1.3W+0.5L
Case 4
0.0076
0.1354
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Rr
-16.5
-22.5
0
0
-39