he national symbols of the Philippines consist of symbols that represent Philippine traditions and [1] ideals and convey the

principles of sovereignty and national solidarity. Republic Act 8491, known also as Flag and Heraldic Code of the Philippines, stipulates the code for national flag,anthem, motto, coat-of[1] arms and other heraldic items and devices of the Philippines. Apart from RA 8491, the Philippines has only four official national symbols enacted through a proclamation by the executive department, namely sampaguita, narra, the Philippine eagle, and arnis. In 1934, during the Commonwealth [2] [3] era, Governor-General Frank Murphy declared sampaguita and narra as national flower and national tree, respectively, through Proclamation No. 652. Philippine President Fidel Ramos proclaimed the [4] Philippine eagle as the national bird in 1995 through Proclamation No. 615. In 2009, President Gloria [5] Macapagal-Arroyo declared arnis as the national sport and martial art through Republic Act 9850. Others believed national symbols such as the Cariñosa, Carabao, Bangus, and Anahaw that are [6] circulating through various sources have no official status and have not established by law. Furthermore, there is no Filipino historical figure officially declared as national hero through law or executive [7][8] order. Although, there were laws and proclamations honoring Filipino heroes. On November 15, 1995, the Technical Committee of the National Heroes Committee, created through Executive Order No. 5 by former President Fidel Ramos, recommended nine Filipino historical figures to be National Heroes: Jose Rizal, Andres Bonifacio, Emilio Aguinaldo, Apolinario Mabini,Marcelo H. del Pilar, Sultan Dipatuan [8] Kudarat, Juan Luna, Melchora Aquino, and Gabriela Silang. Up to now, no action has been taken for [8] these recommended National Heroes.

1 List of symbols

o o 

1.1 Official 1.2Unofficial

2 References


of symbols

[edit]Official Symbol Image Adopted Legal Basis

National flag

Flag of the Philippines

12 June 1898 (Reaffirmed 11 June 1998)

Proclamation of PresidentEmilio Aguinaldo Reaffirmed by Republic Act No. 8491

Coat of arms

Coat of arms of the Philippines

03 July 1946 (Reaffirmed 11 June 1998)

Commonwealth Act No. 731 Reaffirmed by Republic Act No. 8491

Lupang Hinirang (Chosen Land)

National anthem

National anthem of the Philippines


Music : Proclamation of Music : 11 President Emilio June 1898 Aguinaldo Lyrics : 26 Lyrics : Department May 1958 of Education (Reaffirmed Administrative Order 11 June Reaffirmed by 1998) Republic Act No. 8491

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National motto

"Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan, at National Republic Act No. 12 February Makabansa" motto of the 8491, Chapter III, 1998 Philippines ("For God, People, Nature, and Country") Section 40

National flower


Executive Proclamation No. 01 February 652, issued by [9] 1934 Governor General Frank Murphy

National tree


Executive 01 February Proclamation No. [9] 1934 652

National language


Article XIV, Sec. 6 of 11 February the 1987Constitution 1987 of the Philippines

National bird

Philippine Eagle

15 July [10] 1995

Republic Act No. 6147

National sport


11 December [11] 2009

Republic Act No. 9850

[edit]Unofficial         Cariñosa as National Dance (formerly the Tinikling) Carabao as National Animal (or Land Animal) Bangus as National Fish Mango as National Fruit Barong and Baro't saya as National Costume "Ako ay Pilipino", "Bayan Ko", and "Pilipinas Kong Mahal" as National Songs Juan de la Cruz - symbolizing the Filipino people José Rizal, Andrés Bonifacio, Emilio Aguinaldo, Apolinario Mabini, Marcelo H. del Pilar, Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat, Juan Luna,Melchora Aquino, Gregorio Aglipay and Gabriela Silang as National Heroes Sipa as National Sport Lechon, Adobo, and Sinigang as National Food Nipa hut (Bahay Kubo) - National House since the Filipino word as a song, it is the Best Filipino Nursery Rhyme of all time.

  

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