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EX.NO. DATE:

## SIMULATION OF CLOSED LOOP CONTROL OF CONVERTER FED DC MOTOR

AIM: i) To analyze the characteristics of a converter fed DC motor drive using MATLAB and Simulink. ii) To study the wave form for chopper fed DC motor drive APPARATUS REQUIRED: S.No. 1 Blocks Simulink i. Sink ii. Source iii Signal Routing iv Math operation Sim power system i. Measurements ii. Elements iii. Power electronics iv. Electrical source v. Machines MC MC Type Items Scope Pulse Generator Bus Selector Gain Ammeter Voltmeter Thyristor Bridge Pulse Generator AC source DC machine Quantity 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

OUTPUT WAVEFORMS:

## PROCEDURE: 1. Open the MATLAB Software. 2. Create a new model. 5

3. Go to simulink library and take the necessary components as per the circuit diagram. 4. Draw the matlab circuit and simulate with the help of scope. 5. Verify and analyze the output waveforms. THEORY: The controlled rectifier converts AC voltage to a DC voltage in a controlled manner. The modeling of this converter is an important step in the designing of a controller for the closed loop control system typically found in electrical drives. In controlled rectifier, the output DC voltage is controlled by controlling the delay angles (or firing angles) of the SCRs used in the converter. The relation between the average voltage Va, and the delay angle (or firing angle) of a single-phase controlled rectifier is given by

Where, - is the delay angle. Vm - is the peak input voltage and Va - is the average output voltage. It describes the average behavior of the rectifier over a period of the output voltage. For a given delay angle, the instantaneous output voltage will contain low frequency ripple at the multiples of the input voltage Frequency (100Hz and 300Hz for a single and three phase rectifier with 50Hz supply frequency). If the load inductance is low, this low frequency ripple will be reflected in the output current and in the torque of the DC motor. This circuit uses SimPowerSystems. It models a two-quadrant three-phase rectifier drive for a 200 HP DC motor.

RESULT:

EX.NO. DATE: 9

## SIMULATION OF CLOSED LOOP CONTROL OF CHOPPER FED DC MOTOR

AIM: iii) To analyze the characteristics of a chopper fed DC motor drive using MATLAB and Simulink. iv) To study the wave form for chopper fed DC motor drive APPARATUS REQUIRED: S.No. 1 Blocks Simulink i. Sink ii. Source iii Signal Routing iv Math operation Sim power system i. Measurements ii. Elements iii. Power electronics iv. Electrical source v. Machines Type Items Scope Pulse Generator Bus Selector Gain MC MC Ammeter Voltmeter GTO Diode DC source DC machine Quantity 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1

BLOCK DIAGRAM: 10

OUTPUT WAVEFORMS:

PROCEDURE:

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1. Open the MATLAB Software. 2. Create a new model. 3. Go to simulink library and take the necessary components as per the circuit diagram. 4. Draw the matlab circuit and simulate with the help of scope. 5. Verify and analyze the output waveforms. THEORY: Chopper is a static device that converts fixed DC input voltage to a variable dc output voltage directly. A chopper is a high speed on/off semiconductor switch which connects source to load and disconnects the load from source at a fast speed. Choppers are used to get variable dc voltage from a dc source of fixed voltage. Self commutated devices such as MOSFETs, Power transistors, IGBTs, GTOs and IGCTs are used for building choppers because they can be commutated by a low power control signal and do not need communication circuit and can be operated at a higher frequency for the same rating. Chopper circuits are used to control both separately excited and Series DC Motors.

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RESULT:

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## Modeling and Simulation of an Induction Machine using MATLAB

EX.NO. 15

DATE: SIMULATION OF VSI FED 3PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR AIM: v) To analyze the characteristics of an induction machine using MATLAB and Simulink. vi) To study the wave form for an induction machine obtained from the MATLAB simulink. APPARATUS REQUIRED: : S.No. 1 Blocks Simulink i. Sink ii. Source iii Signal Routing iv Math operation Sim power system i. Measurements ii. Elements iii. Power electronics iv. Electrical source v. Machines Type Items Scope Pulse Generator Bus Selector Gain MC MC Ammeter Voltmeter RLC series branch (For inductor) MOSFET AC source Asynchronous machine SI units Quantity 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 6 1 1

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

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OUTPUT WAVEFORMS:

PROCEDURE:

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1. Open the MATLAB Software. 2. Create a new model. 3. Go to simulink library and take the necessary components as per the circuit diagram. 4. Draw the MATLAB circuit and simulate with the help of scope. 5. Verify and analyze the output waveforms.

THEORY:

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RESULT:

## MATLAB CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: 20

EX.NO. 21

DATE: SIMULATION OF 3PHASE SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR DRIVE AIM: vii) To analyze the characteristics of a synchronous machine using MATLAB and Simulink. viii) To study the wave form for a synchronous machine obtained from the MATLAB simulink. APPARATUS REQUIRED:

S.No. 1

Blocks Simulink i. Sink ii. Source iii Signal Routing iv Math operation Sim power system i. Measurements ii. Elements iii. Power electronics iv. Electrical source v. Machines

Type

## Items Scope Pulse Generator Bus Selector Gain

Quantity 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 6 1 1

MC MC -

Ammeter Voltmeter RLC series branch (For inductor) MOSFET AC source Permanent magnet synchronous machine

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

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OUTPUT WAVEFORMS:

## PROCEDURE: 1. Open the MATLAB Software. 23

2. Create a new model. 3. Go to simulink library and take the necessary components as in it is given in the circuit diagram. 4. Draw the circuit and simulate by the help of scope. 5. Verify and analyze the output waveforms.

THEORY:

DETAILED WAVEFORMS:

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RESULT:

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## Exp. No: Date:

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SPEED CONTROL OF DC MOTOR USING THREE PHASE RECTIFIER AIM To obtain the speed control of open and closed loop speed control of DC motor using three phase controlled converter. APPARATUS REQUIRED S.No 1 2 3 4 5 NAME OF THE APPARATUS DSPIC 4011. IGBT device module DC shunt motor Proximity sensor. Patch cards. QUANTITY 1 1 1 1 Required

CONNECTION PROCEDURE FULLY CONTROLLED CONVERTER 1. Connect variac output terminal to three phase IGBT power module input terminal R, Y, B and N. 2. Connect pulse input from External controller in power module to proximity sensor terminal by using 9 pin FRC cable. 3. Connect pulse isolation output terminal to the corresponding IGBT terminals. 4. Connect the upper IGBT collector together using patch chords. 5. Connect the lower IGBT emitter together using patch chords. 6. Connect collector terminals of upper IGBTs to DC motor 1 terminal and connect anode terminals of the lower IGBTs to PMDC motor another terminal. 7. Connect proximity sensor to DSPIC 4011 Micro controller by using 34 pin FRC cable. 8. Connect PIC kit 2 downloader to system by using USB port. 9. Connect PIC kit 2 downloader setup box to dsPIC Micro 4011 trainer. 10. Connect proximity sensor speed feedback terminal to controller.

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## SPEED CONTROL OF DC MOTOR USING THREE PHASE RECTIFIER

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EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE 1. Verify the connections are made as per the connection procedure. 2. Switch on the power on/off switch in both the three phase IGBT power module and the controller module. 3. Now the LCD displays the following one by one with a delay of few seconds, 1. Open loop 2. Closed loop 4. Then select the open loop by using 1 increment key. 5. By varying the set angle using increment key, motor speed can be varied.

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TABULATION S.No Rectifier Output Voltage in Volts Calculated Output Voltage in Volts Set Speed in r.p.m. Actual Speed in r.p.m.

CALCULATIONS

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RESULT

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## SPEED CONTROL OF THREE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR USING PWM INVERTER

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Exp. No: Date: SPEED CONTROL OF THREE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR USING PWM INVERTER AIM To obtain the speed control of open and closed loop speed control of three phase induction motor using PWM inverter. APPARATUS REQUIRED S.No 1 2 3 4 5 NAME OF THE APPARATUS dsPIC 4011. IGBT device module Induction motor Proximity sensor. Patch cards. QUANTITY 1 1 1 1 Required

CONNECTION PROCEDURE 1. Connect an AC input supply to variac and variac output to Isolation transformer primary input terminals (0-230V). 2. Connect Isolation transformer secondary terminal 110V to smart power module input terminal P and another 110V terminal to smart power module input terminal N. 3. Connect smart power module output terminal R, Y, B to 3 phase AC Motor terminals r, y, b. 4. Connect motor speed feed back to proximity sensor card (speed feedback terminal). 5. Connect DSPIC Micro 4011 trainer kit to proximity sensor card by using 34 pin FRC cable. 6. Connect PIC Kit 2 down loader to system by using USB port. 7. Connect PIC kit 2 down loader set up box to dsPIC Micro 4011 Trainer kit 34

## SPEED CONTROL OF THREE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR USING PWM INVERTER

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EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE 1. Verify the connections are made as per the connection procedure. 2. Switch on the smart power module and dsPIC Micro - 4011 Trainer kit. 3. Select and down loading the program for (V/F control) speed control of 3N AC motor using PIC kit 2 downloader. 4. Now smart power module reset LED is glow. Press the smart power module reset button 5. Then press dsPIC Micro - 4011 reset button. Now both the kits are ready to run the 3 Phase AC motor. 6. Switch ON the MCB, and then variac. 7. Increase the supply voltage up to 230V by using variac. 8. Now the LCD displays the following one by one with a delay of few seconds. Vi Microsystems Pvt. Ltd., Inverter PWM controller V/F Control 1. Open loop 2. Closed loop 9. Then select the open loop using increment key Open loop

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TABULATION S.No Rectifier Output Voltage in Volts Calculated Output Voltage in Volts Set Speed in r.p.m. Actual Speed in r.p.m.

CALCULATIONS

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RESULT

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## DSP BASED CLOSED LOOP DRIVE FOR INDUCTION MOTOR

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Exp. No: Date: DSP BASED CLOSED LOOP DRIVE FOR INDUCTION MOTOR AIM To obtain the speed control of open and closed loop speed control of three phase induction motor using DSP Processor. APPARATUS REQUIRED S.No 1 2 3 4 5 NAME OF THE APPARATUS DSP Processor IGBT device module Induction motor Proximity sensor. Patch cards. QUANTITY 1 1 1 1 Required

CONNECTION PROCEDURE 1. Connect an AC input supply to variac and variac output to Isolation transformer primary input terminals (0-230V). 2. Connect Isolation transformer secondary terminal 110V to smart power module input terminal P and another 110V terminal to smart power module input terminal N. 3. Connect smart power module output terminal R, Y, B to 3N AC Motor terminal r, y, b. 4. Connect motor speed feed back to proximity sensor card (speed feedback terminal). 5. Connect DSPIC Micro 4011 trainer kit to proximity sensor card by using 34 pin FRC cable. 6. Connect PIC Kit 2 down loader to system by using USB port. 7. Connect PIC kit 2 down loader set up box to dsPIC Micro 4011 Trainer kit

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## DSP BASED CLOSED LOOP DRIVE FOR INDUCTION MOTOR

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EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE 1. Verify the connections are made as per the connection procedure. 2. Switch on the smart power module and dsPIC Micro - 4011 Trainer kit. 3. Select and down loading the program for (V/F control) speed control of 3 phase AC motor using PIC kit 2 downloader. 4. Now smart power module reset LED is glow. Press the smart power module reset button and then press dsPIC Micro - 4011 reset button. Now both the kits are ready to run the 3 AC motor. 5. Switch ON the MCB, and then variac. 6. Increase the supply voltage up to 230V by using variac. 7. Now the LCD displays the following one by one with a delay of few seconds. Manufacturer name DSP based Speed control 3. Open loop 4. Closed loop 8. Then select the open loop using increment key Open loop

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TABULATION S.No Rectifier Output Voltage in Volts Calculated Output Voltage in Volts Set Speed in r.p.m. Actual Speed in r.p.m.

CALCULATIONS

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RESULT

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## SPEED CONTROL OF INDUCTION MOTOR USING FPGA

AIM 45

To obtain the speed control of open and closed loop speed control of three phase induction motor using FPGA. APPARATUS REQUIRED S.No 1 2 3 4 5 NAME OF THE APPARATUS dsPIC 4011. IGBT device module Induction motor Proximity sensor. Patch cards. QUANTITY 1 1 1 1 Required

CONNECTION PROCEDURE 1. Connect an AC input supply to variac and variac output to Isolation transformer primary input terminals (0-230V). 2. Connect Isolation transformer secondary terminal 110V to smart power module input terminal P and another 110V terminal to smart power module input terminal N. 3. Connect smart power module output terminal R, Y, B to 3 phase AC Motor terminal r, y, b. 4. Connect motor speed feed back to proximity sensor card (speed feedback terminal). 5. Connect DSPIC Micro 4011 trainer kit to proximity sensor card by using 34 pin FRC cable. 6. Connect PIC Kit 2 down loader to system by using USB port. 7. Connect PIC kit 2 down loader set up box to dsPIC Micro 4011 Trainer kit

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## DSP BASED CLOSED LOOP DRIVE FOR INDUCTION MOTOR

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EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE 1. Verify the connections are made as per the connection procedure. 2. Switch on the smart power module and dsPIC Micro - 4011 Trainer kit. 3. Select and down loading the program for (V/F control) speed control of 3 phase AC motor using PIC kit 2 downloader. 4. Now smart power module reset LED is glow. Press the smart power module reset button and then press dsPIC Micro - 4011 reset button. Now both the kits are ready to run the 3 phase AC motor. 5. Switch ON the MCB, and then variac. 6. Increase the supply voltage up to 230V by using variac. 7. Now the LCD displays the following one by one with a delay of few seconds. Manufacturer name 1. Open loop 2. Closed loop 8. Then select the open loop using increment key Open loop

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TABULATION S.No Rectifier Output Voltage in Volts Calculated Output Voltage in Volts Set Speed in r.p.m. Actual Speed in r.p.m.

CALCULATIONS

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RESULT

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## DSP BASED SPEED CONTROL OF BRUSH LESS DC MOTOR

AIM To obtain the speed control of open and closed loop speed control of BLDC motor using DSP. APPARATUS REQUIRED S.No 1 2 3 4 5 NAME OF THE APPARATUS dsPIC 4011. IGBT device module BLDC motor Proximity sensor. Patch cards. QUANTITY 1 1 1 1 Required

CONNECTION PROCEDURE 1. Connect an AC input supply to variac and variac output to Isolation transformer primary input terminals (0-230V). 2. Connect Isolation transformer secondary terminal 110V to smart power module input terminal P and another 110V terminal to smart power module input terminal N. 3. Connect smart power module output terminal R, Y, B to 3 phase AC Motor terminal r, y, b. 4. Connect motor speed feed back to proximity sensor card (speed feedback terminal). 5. Connect DSPIC Micro 4011 trainer kit to proximity sensor card by using 34 pin FRC cable. 6. Connect PIC Kit 2 down loader to system by using USB port. 7. Connect PIC kit 2 down loader set up box to dsPIC Micro 4011 Trainer kit 52

## DSP BASED SPEED CONTROL OF BRUSH LESS DC MOTOR

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EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE 1. Verify the connections are made as per the connection procedure. 2. Switch on the smart power module and dsPIC Micro - 4011 Trainer kit. 3. Select and down loading the program for speed control of BLDC motor using PIC kit 2 downloader. 4. Now smart power module reset LED is glow. Press the smart power module reset button and then press dsPIC Micro - 4011 reset button. Now both the kits are ready to run the BLDC motor. 5. Switch ON the MCB, and then variac. 6. Increase the supply voltage up to 230V by using variac. 7. Now the LCD displays the following one by one with a delay of few seconds. Manufacturer name 1. Open loop 2. Closed loop 8. Then select the open loop using increment key Open loop

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TABULATION S.No Rectifier Output Voltage in V Calculated Output Set Speed in RPM Voltage in V Actual Speed in RPM

CALCULATIONS

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RESULT

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Date:

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## DSP BASED SPEED CONTROL OF DC MOTOR

AIM To obtain the speed control of open and closed loop speed control of DC motor using DSP. APPARATUS REQUIRED S.No 1 2 3 4 5 NAME OF THE APPARATUS dsPIC 4011. IGBT device module DC Motor Proximity sensor. Patch cards. QUANTITY 1 1 1 1 Required

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CONNECTION PROCEDURE 1. Connect an AC input supply to variac and variac output to Isolation transformer primary input terminals (0-230V). 2. Connect Isolation transformer secondary terminal 110V to smart power module input terminal P and another 110V terminal to smart power module input terminal N. 3. Connect smart power module output terminal A+,A- ,F ,FF to Motor terminal A+,A- ,F ,FF. 4. Connect motor speed feed back to proximity sensor card (speed feedback terminal). 5. Connect DSPIC Micro 4011 trainer kit to proximity sensor card by using 34 pin FRC cable. 6. Connect PIC Kit 2 down loader to system by using USB port. 7. Connect PIC kit 2 down loader set up box to dsPIC Micro 4011 Trainer kit

## DSP BASED CHOPPER FED DC MOTOR DRIVE

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EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE 1. Verify the connections are made as per the connection procedure. 60

2. Switch on the smart power module and dsPIC Micro - 4011 Trainer kit. 3. Select and down loading the program for speed control of DC motor using PIC kit 2 downloader. 4. Now smart power module reset LED is glow. Press the smart power module reset button and then press dsPIC Micro - 4011 reset button. Now both the kits are ready to run the DC motor. 5. Switch ON the MCB, and then variac. 6. Increase the supply voltage up to 230V by using variac. 7. Now the LCD displays the following one by one with a delay of few seconds. Vi Microsystems Pvt. Ltd., 1. Open loop 2. Closed loop 8. Then select the open loop using increment key Open loop

TABULATION S.No Rectifier Output Calculated Output Set Speed in RPM Actual Speed in 61

Voltage in V

Voltage in V

RPM

CALCULATIONS

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RESULT

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## SWITCHED RELUCTANCE MOTOR DRIVE USING DSP

AIM To obtain the speed control for switched reluctance motor using DSP. APPARATUS REQUIRED S.No 1 2 3 4 5 NAME OF THE APPARATUS DSP PROCESSOR IGBT device module SR Motor Position sensor. Patch cards. QUANTITY 1 1 1 1 Required

CONNECTION PROCEDURE 1. Connect an AC input supply to variac and variac output to Isolation transformer primary input terminals (0-230V). 2. Connect Isolation transformer secondary terminal 110V to smart power module input terminal P and another 110V terminal to smart power module input terminal N. 3. Connect smart power module output terminal to Switched Reluctance Motor. 4. Connect motor speed feed back to proximity sensor card (speed feedback terminal). 5. Connect DSPIC Micro 4011 trainer kit to proximity sensor card by using 34 pin FRC cable. 6. Connect PIC Kit 2 down loader to system by using USB port. 7. Connect PIC kit 2 down loader set up box to dsPIC Micro 4011 Trainer kit

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TABULATION S.No Rectifier Output Voltage in V Calculated Output Set Speed in RPM Voltage in V Actual Speed in RPM

EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE 1. Verify the connections are made as per the connection procedure. 2. Switch on the smart power module and dsPIC Micro - 4011 Trainer kit.

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3. Select and down loading the program for speed control of Switched Reluctance motor using PIC kit 2 downloader. 4. Now smart power module reset LED is glow. Press the smart power module reset button and then press dsPIC Micro - 4011 reset button. Now both the kits are ready to run the Switched reluctance motor. 5. Switch ON the MCB, and then variac. 6. Increase the supply voltage up to 230V by using variac. 7. Now the LCD displays the following one by one with a delay of few seconds. Manufacturer name 1. Open loop 2. Closed loop 8. Then select the open loop using increment key Open loop

CALCULATIONS

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RESULT

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Exp .No: 69

Date:

## PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC DEVICES BASED DRIVES

AIM To obtain the operation of three phase induction motor using PLC. APPARATUS REQUIRED S.No 1 2 3 4 5 NAME OF THE APPARATUS DSP Processor IGBT device module Induction motor Position sensor. Patch cards. QUANTITY 1 1 1 1 Required

CONNECTION PROCEDURE 1. Connect an AC input supply to variac and variac output to Isolation transformer primary input terminals (0-230V). 2. Connect Isolation transformer secondary terminal 110V to smart power module input terminal P and another 110V terminal to smart power module input terminal N. 3. Connect smart power module output terminal R, Y, B to 3 phase AC Motor terminal r, y, b. 4. Connect motor speed feed back to proximity sensor card (speed feedback terminal). 5. Connect DSPIC Micro 4011 trainer kit to proximity sensor card by using 34 pin FRC cable. 6. Connect PIC Kit 2 down loader to system by using USB port. 7. Connect PIC kit 2 down loader set up box to dsPIC Micro 4011 Trainer kit

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EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE 1. Verify the connections are made as per the connection procedure. 2. Switch on the smart power module and dsPIC Micro - 4011 Trainer kit. 3. Select and down loading the program for (V/F control) speed control of 3 phase AC motor using PIC kit 2 downloader. 4. Now smart power module reset LED is glow. Press the smart power module reset button and then press dsPIC Micro - 4011 reset button. Now both the kits are ready to run the 3phase AC motor. 5. Switch ON the MCB, and then variac. 6. Increase the supply voltage up to 230V by using variac. 7. Now the LCD displays the following one by one with a delay of few seconds. Manufacturer name 1. Open loop 2. Closed loop 8. Then select the open loop using increment key Open loop

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TABULATION S.No Rectifier Output Voltage in V Calculated Output Set Speed in RPM Voltage in V Actual Speed in RPM

CALCULATIONS

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RESULT

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