FOR THE FALL 2012 CLASS – I HAVE CROSSED OUT QUESTIONS THAT DO NOT PERTAIN TO EXAM 2.
THESE QUESTIONS RELATE TO EXAM 1. Biology 201 Summer 2009 Exam 2 MATCHING Match the term with the correct definition. Answer options can be found on the back of your answer sheet. 1. __E___ Bond that connects a fatty acid to a glycerol molecule. 2. __I___ Type of lipid used for energy storage. 3. _____ Process by which sunlight energy is harvested into chemical energy 4. _____ Carries materials between organelles of the endomembrane system. 5. ___C__ Nucleic acid lacking an oxygen atom on the 2’ carbon of its sugar molecule. 6. _____ Structure found on the outside of the rough endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Determine whether the following statements apply to prokaryotic cells (P), eukaryotic cells (E) or both (B). 7. _____ Perform the chemical reactions of cellular respiration 8. _____ Contain ribosomes 9. _____ Are single-celled 10. _____ Are found in plants 11. _____ Contain double-stranded DNA 12. _____ Are commonly between 1 and 10 um in diameter NAME: T.A.:
MULTIPLE CHOICE: Select the one best answer from the answers provided. 1. _____ cells lack a membrane-enclosed nucleus. a. Plant b. Animal c. Fungal d. Eukaryotic e. Bacterial
b. e. Lysosomes fuse with food vesicles to expose nutrients to lysosomal enzymes. are plant cells. volume and surface area decrease. Lysosomes help to digest worn-out or damaged organelles. unsaturated 8. lysosome d. hydroxyl group b. surface area decreases while the volume remains constant. carboxyl group d. e. The endomembrane system is a system of interrelated membranes that are all physically connected. c. c. animal or bacterial. could be either plant or bacterial cells. storage and export of important molecules. endoplasmic reticulum c. The endomembrane system includes the nuclear membrane. nucleus b. c.2. Which of the following statements regarding the endomembrane system is false? a. c. Which of the following statements about lysosomes is false? a. what type of intracellular structure would you expect to be very prominent within the cell? a. vacuole 7. d. d. You look at them through a microscope and see cell walls and membrane-bound organelles. d. the a. You conclude that the cells a. b. As cell size increases. saturated b. Lysosomes synthesize proteins from the recycled amino acids. completely hydrogenated c. Lysosomes recycle material within the cell. carbonyl group c. b. 4. 5. could be plant or animal cells. The endomembrane system includes the rough and smooth endoplasmic reticulum. monoglycerides e. The endomembrane system is involved in the synthesis. b. surface area and volume increase at the same rate. are animal cells. 3. mitochondria e.
. Fatty acids with double bonds between some of their carbons are said to be a. triglycerides d. volume increases faster than the surface area. d. What functional group allows glycerol to attach to the carboxyl group of a fatty acid? a. are bacterial cells. You are told that the cells on a microscope slide are plant. If a cell is one that primarily secretes proteins into the bloodstream. surface area increases faster than the volume. amino group 6.
one glycerol molecule linked to one phosphate group and two fatty acids. The cytoskeleton helps to support cells. glycerol e. cellulose b. myosin 12. The cytoskeleton is involved in cell movement. one fatty acid molecule linked to one glycerol molecule and two phosphate groups. matrix
. DNA b. d. tubulin c. b. cholesterol d. the elements of the cytoskeleton are fixed and remain permanently in place. a. d. b. DNA 10. cristae e. c. actin b. stroma b. shorter fatty acids. insulin d. RNA c. ribosome e. glucose 14.9. Microfilaments are made up of which of the following proteins? a. c. nucleus 13. c. The _____ of a mitochondrion increases the surface area and enhances a mitochondrion’s ability to produce ATP. 11. phospholipids d. A phospholipid is composed of a. one glycerol molecule linked to three phosphate groups. triglycerides c. one glycerol molecule linked to three fatty acids. Which of the following statements about the cytoskeleton is false? a. ribosomes d. The cytoskeleton is composed of three types of molecules. unsaturated fatty acids. Which of the following structures synthesizes proteins? a. 15. b. one fatty acid molecule linked to three glycerol molecules. smooth ER e. increasing which of the following decreases fluidity of a membrane? a. glycerol e. intermembrane space d. grana c. A major type of lipid found in cell membranes is a. Once laid down. e.
there is at least one double bond between carbon atoms. d. membranes e. tubulin proteins d. b. The presence of double bonds in unsaturated fatty acids causes the chain to kink. where adenine H-bonds with thymine and guanine H-bonds with cytosine. SHORT ANSWER: Please answer the following questions in the space provided. Despite lacking chloroplasts. The two strands are held to each other by hydrogen bonding between bases. microfilaments b. The _____ of the cytoskeleton help the cell resist mechanical stress. While the two strands are held together. there are no double bonds between carbon atoms. produce glucose. whereas chloroplasts break glucose down. contain an inner matrix. a. contain three different membrane-bound compartments. whereas chloroplasts contain the stroma. are not found in plants. Describe the differences between unsaturated and saturated fatty acids. In an unsaturated fatty acid. microtubules 17. whereas chloroplasts are not found in animals. within the hydrocarbon chain. Within each strand nucleotides are held together by phosphodiester bonds. b. How can these cells organize the reactions that are performed in the thylakoid membranes of eukaryotic cells? 4 pts 4. 1. intermediate filaments c. whereas chloroplasts contain two. they are oriented in opposite directions with regard to their 5’ and 3’ ends and so are considered “antiparallel”. some bacteria can still undergo the chemical reactions of photosynthesis. e. whereas chloroplasts make ATP. Double-stranded DNA is made up of two strands of nucleic acid. List the following items in order of size from the smallest to the largest. 3 pts Protein molecule Human cell Carbon atom Ribosome Lysosome Bacterial cell 3. The mitochondria differ from chloroplasts in that mitochondria a. c. placement of base-pairing and base-pairing rules. the antiparallel nature of DNA. Provide a description of the structure of double-stranded DNA that includes: 6 pts a.16. How do these differences relate to the fluidity and packing of fatty acids in triglycerides? 3 pts Both types of fatty acids are composed of a hydrocarbon chain and a carboxyl group. 2. convert solar energy to chemical energy. In a saturated fatty acid. c. where phosphodiester bonds are created between two nucleotides. When these kinked
Nucleic acid strands of both DNA and RNA contain adenine. on average. they pack less tightly together and the triglyceride is more fluid. the other pyrimidine base is uracil.
. The nucleotide found in DNA is deoxyribose and is lacking an O atom at the 2’ carbon.unsaturated fatty acids are present in triglycerides. Describe three differences between DNA and RNA. In DNA. 10 times larger than prokaryotic cells? 2 pts 6. The nucleotide of RNA is ribose. 3 pts DNA is made up of two strands of nucleic acids. 5. the other pyrimidine base is thymine and in RNA. guanine and cytosine. which has the O atom at the 2’ carbon. Why are eukaryotic cells able to be.
ester linkage i. Golgi apparatus
b. glycosidic linkage
d.Matching 1-6 a. transport vesicles
l. cholesterol e. cellular respiration
3.Biology 201 Summer 2009 Exam 2 Answer Sheet MATCHING 1.A.
MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.