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THE Mobile Broadband Standard

Core Network migration towards the Evolved Packet Core, status and future 3GPP work
Mr Atle Monrad Chairman of 3GPP TSG CT

© 3GPP 2011

3GPP Seminar, Moscow, 24 May 2011

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Outline
THE Mobile Broadband Standard

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3GPP Core Network, Rel-8 – Rel-10 Network optimised for IP traffic Voice over both CS and PS Future plans, Rel-11 and beyond

© 3GPP 2011

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EPS architecture
THE Mobile Broadband Standard

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Many 3GPP access technologies Mobility between access technologies S6a Multiple roaming models Non-3GPP accesses
HPLMN

HSS Rx Gx PDN Gateway hPCRF SGi SWx Operator's IP Services (e.g. IMS, PSS etc.)

3GPP AAA Server

S6b S9 SWd S8 vPCRF

LTE LTE2600 LTE LTE1800

LTE
3GPP Access Serving Gateway

GSM450 GERAN GSM900 EDGE GSM1900 UTRAN GSM1800 UTRAN UTRAN HSPA UTRAN HSPA+

Gxc Gxb SWm 3GPP AAA Proxy

VPLMN Non-3GPP Networks Trusted Non-3GPP IP Access S2c

ePDG

Gxa

SWn Untrusted Non-3GPP IP Access

SWa

STa

HRPD 1xRTT
© 3GPP 2011

S2c UE

3GPP2 WIMAX

S2c

WLAN

802.16
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3GPP Seminar, Moscow, 24 May 2011

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EPS Core Network key-points
THE Mobile Broadband Standard

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Flat Packet Switch (PS) only architecture, two network nodes for control plane Security mechanisms to facilitate various traffic cases GTP and PMIP roaming interfaces (S5/S8) Optimised interworking with legacy cellular systems Various ways to combine or split traffic off at various points Advanced policy-functions in network as well as in terminals Interworking with non-3GPP access technologies Facilitate mobile as well as fixed networks

© 3GPP 2011

3GPP Seminar, Moscow, 24 May 2011

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Network optimised for IP traffic
THE Mobile Broadband Standard

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Dual-stack IPv4/6 connectivity Terminals as well as network can influence the QoS Operators can influence the selection of access by ANDSF Various ways to combine or split traffic off at various points
• • • • Local IP Access (LIPA) Selective IP Traffic Offloading (SIPTO) WLAN offloading Multiple PDN Connections to Same APN (MUPSAP)

CS traffic is still supported ...

© 3GPP 2011

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Local IP Access (LIPA)
THE Mobile Broadband Standard

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All traffic on 3GPP radio

LIPA is primarily for end user’s benefit, to allow access to local residential or corporate network through a 3GPP device LIPA service does not need to be transparent, but the end user may have to “select” LIPA access

IP traffic to mobile operator’s CN Local IP traffic

Mobile operator’s operator’ core network

UE

Residential/ enterprise IP Network

Logical connection for mobile operator IP traffic

Scope of Local IP access

LIPA provides access for IP capable UEs that are connected via a H(e)NB subsystem (i.e. using H(e)NB radio access) to other IP capable entities in the same residential/enterprise IP network. Simultaneous access from a UE to the mobile operator’s core network and Local IP Access to a residential/enterprise IP network will be supported. A UE must have a valid subscription with the mobile operator in order to use Local IP Access. A UE must be able to use Local IP Access in a visited network subject to roaming agreement between mobile operators. Pre-Rel 10 UEs should be able to use Local IP Access.
6

© 3GPP 2011

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Selective IP Traffic Offloading (SIPTO)
THE Mobile Broadband Standard

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Optimising “cost per bit” is becoming essential in the “flat rate” era SIPTO is a specific routing scenario within the operator’s network, allowing selective offloading of the traffic away from the Evolved Packet Core network SIPTO benefits the cellular operator and it is transparent for the end user SIPTO is intended for allowing cost optimized handling of the internet traffic that is not intended for the operator’s core network Local GW is selected for the traffic to be offloaded
All traffic on 3GPP radio
RAN
S5 S11 S5 S1-U

SIPTO Traffic CN L-PGW MME

eNB UE

S-GW

P-GW CN Traffic

© 3GPP 2011

3GPP Seminar, Moscow, 24 May 2011

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WLAN Offloading
THE Mobile Broadband Standard

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WLAN offloading refers to the dual radio scenario where part of the traffic is routed via WLAN access and part via 3GPP access The 3GPP Evolved Packet Core network (EPC) as the common core network serves both 3GPP radio access technologies and non-3GPP radio access technologies WLAN offloading covers both the scenario where the traffic via WLAN radio is anchored in the EPC (i.e., seamless offloading) and the scenario where it is not anchored (i.e., nonseamless offloading) Access Network Discovery and Selection Function (ANDSF) is there to provide the UE with the access network discovery information and the policy on how to use the available access networks
• • Available access networks Preferred routing of the traffic per APN, per IP flow
ANDSF

EPC

HA

WLAN

3GPP RAT UE

© 3GPP 2011

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Voice over both CS and PS the LTE voice solution
THE Mobile Broadband Standard

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CS and PS voice service capabilities CS and PS voice service architecture Multimedia telephony (MMTEL) CS FallBack (CSFB) Single Radio Voice Call Continuity (SRVCC) Emergency calls in LTE

© 3GPP 2011

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CS and PS voice service architecture
THE Mobile Broadband Standard

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MAP MSC Server MAP SGSN HSS/ HLR GERAN/UTRAN MME PCRF P-CSCF
Operator SIP based VoIP machinery (IMS)

SMSC

S-CSCF

Backbone (GRX, IPX) INTERNET UE E-UTRAN S-/PDN-GW

© 3GPP 2011

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CS Fallback (CSFB)
THE Mobile Broadband Standard

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Application of CSFB:
• • • • CS capable device camping on LTE cell can establish/receive CS services Reuse of existing CS infrastructure for voice service until IMS VoIP is deployed Provide voice roaming support with LTE Can support emergency calls using existing CS infrastructure

CSFB reuses voice services provided by legacy CS infrastructure EPS redirects the UE to CS Domain for CS services
• SMS can be delivered to the UE without redirecting to CS Domain • After CS service the UE returns to LTE, depending on coverage and policy

User can decide, based on CLI, whether to accept CSFB request

© 3GPP 2011

3GPP Seminar, Moscow, 24 May 2011

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Single Radio Voice Call Continuity (SRVCC)
THE Mobile Broadband Standard

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SRVCC use case:
• IMS call initiated in LTE can continue in CS domain after moving outside of LTE coverage area • SR-VCC is invoked if no other VoIP capable PS system (HSPA/eHRPD) is available for VoIP PS-PS HO • Requires overlapping with 1xRTT/GSM/WCDMA coverage

SRVCC improvements:
• Mid-call services (like HOLD & MPTY) • emergency calls • video calls

© 3GPP 2011

3GPP Seminar, Moscow, 24 May 2011

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Future plans, Rel-11 and beyond thoughts & opportunities
THE Mobile Broadband Standard

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Multiple accesses Multiple technologies Network sharing National roaming Deployment scenario aspects

© 3GPP 2011

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Deployment scenario aspects
THE Mobile Broadband Standard

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LTE can co-exist alongside other technologies in multiple configurations LTE overlapping with 2G/3G, data only
• Evolutionary approach to upgrade of networks and migration from 2G/3G networks

LTE with speech and multimedia support
• • • • •

• Saturation of fixed internet subscriptions and growth of mobile subscriptions requires faster mobile connections • Decline of fixed subscribers and growth of mobile internet subscribers Voice and Multimedia solution for LTE is IMS Rel-9 supports full speech call service in IMS GSMA has published a global solution for VoLTE Regulatory emergency call and public warning system PWS support Comprehensive set of supplementary services over IMS

Re-farming of 2G/3G legacy frequencies for LTE use

Femto-cells implemented in 3GPP via Home Cells (NodeB and eNodeB)
© 3GPP 2011 3GPP Seminar, Moscow, 24 May 2011

• Requires voice call continuity between 2G/3G and LTE in both directions

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Thank You
THE Mobile Broadband Standard

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Atle Monrad
3GPP TSG CT chairman +47 454 10 665 atle.monrad@ericsson.com
More Information about 3GPP:

www.3gpp.org
contact@3gpp.org
© 3GPP 2011 3GPP Seminar, Moscow, 24 May 2011

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