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Contents

POSEIDON ND

POSEIDON ND Tutorial 2006 / 2007

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Introduction A Midship Section - from Concept to Sizing 2.1 Design Parameters and Concept Sketch 2.2 Principal Dimensions and Material 2.2.1 Input of the Principal Dimensions 2.2.2 Material definition 2.2.3 Storing the Project 2.2.4 End connections of stiffeners 2.3 Frame Table 2.3.1 Generation of a Frame Table 2.3.2 Changes in the Frame Table 2.4 The Wizards of POSEIDON 2.5 Modeling of Longitudinal Members 2.5.1 Definition of the Frame Table (Y and Z Dir) 2.5.2 Definition of Geometry and Topology 2.5.3 Plates, Stiffeners and Holes of Longitudinal Members 2.5.4 Arrangement of Transverse Stiffeners on Longitudinal Members 2.5.5 Arrangement of Transverse Girders on Longitudinal Members 2.6 Modeling of Transverse Members 2.6.1 Cells 2.6.2 Transverse Members 2.7 Design Criteria or Loads 2.7.1 Tanks 2.7.2 Design Criteria Stillwater Bending Moments and Shear Forces 2.8 Sizing of a Transverse Section 2.8.1 Sizing of all Members at Frame 154 in accordance with the GL Rules 2.9 Permissible Stillwater Values 2.9.1 Stresses for Deck and Bottom Structures 2.10 Assessment of the results of a Transverse Section 2.10.1 Correction of the Transverse Section 2.10.2 Duplicate calculations in the GL Rules program 2.10.3 Result lists for all Longitudinal Plates and Stiffeners 2.10.4 Evaluation of lifetime

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Contents

POSEIDON ND
3 Generation of a Further Transverse Section 3.1 New shell description at Frame 68 and 76 3.2 Automatically generated Frame Shapes 3.3 Definition of a cross section with new structural information 3.4 Fitting the Plate and Stiffener Arrangement to the changed cross section A Transverse Bulkhead at Frame 76 4.1 Description of Bulkhead components 4.2 Geometry of Cells for Bulkheads 4.3 Plate Arrangement 4.4 Stiffener definition on a bulkhead 4.5 Definition of girders on a bulkhead 4.6 Sizing of the Bulkhead Members Generation of a FE – Model 5.1 Naming of FE-Models 5.2 Parameters of mesh generation 5.3 Boundary conditions 5.4 Definition of the loads to generate 5.5 Mesh generation in longitudinal direction 5.6 Start the model generation 90 90 91 92 94 97 97 100 101 102 104 105 107 107 108 109 110 112 113

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POSEIDON Tutorial

Introduction

POSEIDON ND 1 Introduction

The purpose of this tutorial is to present a method of using POSEIDON ND accompanied by examples. To this end, the individual work steps and inputs to complete the given tasks are presented. The user is led through the individual program sections and can easily understand the solution to the tasks. There are many cross references to the Reference Manual and to the Online Help function that clarify the various input alternatives. At the beginning of each section of the tutorial the problem to be solved is described. Furthermore the prerequisites from previous sections which are necessary for its solution are presented. The POSEIDON ND TreeView reflect, in its order, the fundamental work steps. General Please follow the advice for the configuration of the POSEIDON ND program, which is to be found in the POSEIDON ND User's Guide, in order to print POSEIDON ND files, properly install the example files onto your hard disk and to use the individual settings for colors, typefaces, etc. POSEIDON ND’s Online Help may be invoked at any point within the program using the F1 function key or the 'Help for active view'-Button display, will be shown. Printing For a direct printout of the actual window, please use the Print-Button used in all POSEIDON ND displays. Note: . The print command can be . The help description, which corresponds to the current

If you use the Print Preview Button ,the printer output will be displayed on the screen. Here you can set your own individual settings for printer-and page layout.

Graphical output An active preview plot window is available in most POSEIDON sections. Note: By clicking the right mouse button on the plot preview window, you can choose the print command or the print preview command.

Use the plot button to view all graphics on the screen in a separate window. By pressing 'p' on the keypad, the actual content of the plot window will be send to the printer. Plot all plates and profiles, for example, in Section Hull Structure, Longitudinal Members: Plate Arrangement. There, you have additional control over determining what is to be plotted. Input POSEIDON ND is using Windows standard functions. It is possible to use the commands cut, copy, paste in all child windows by clicking the right mouse button or using the corresponding buttons of the toolbar. A star in the left column of the input grids marks a new input line, containing proposals. A pencil
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marks a line of a 'Super-Grid'. By clicking the plus you get the marks a line in edit mode. A plus second input level of this grid. (see: definition of 'Functional Elements' for example)

POSEIDON Tutorial

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which are frequently used within the tutorial. which are given in the tutorial. are printed in italics.1 ' Wizards Section Container Ship' ' means the selection of folder no 2 in the main-tree and. the choice of folder no 1 in the sub-tree. It is recommended that the users themselves practice using the computer and follow the work steps. A selection has to be made in order to reach the actual input display.Introduction POSEIDON ND How to use this manual The experienced user may possibly find the descriptions in the individual chapters to be too detailed. This process is described with the help of sections.1. Several definitions and conventions. It is shown how the sizing can be accelerated considerably by working efficiently with POSEIDON. a short instruction of the work steps to be followed is given in the text lines marked with an ⇒. Summary of the inputs described in the following Figure 1: TreeView The tutorial describes the typical procedure for sizing a container ship in accordance to the GL Rules with the help of POSEIDON ND. which the user has to make. following that. So the example: Switch to Section Transverse 2. The generation mechanism of POSEIDON and the various input techniques are introduced. 4 POSEIDON Tutorial . The sections of POSEIDON ND are shown by folders in the TreeView on the left part of the main window. Name of a column or input field Frame No ⇒ section. Conventions: Italics Inputs. Therefore. follow: Definition: Section.

Introduction POSEIDON ND Figure 2: POSEIDON ND main window POSEIDON Tutorial 5 .

• input of the design-loads.from Concept to Sizing This chapter describes the modeling and the sizing process of a midship section.A Midship Section . • input of the permissible design bending moments and shear stresses. • input of the characteristic ship data / principal dimensions. • geometric and topologic description of the shell. dynamic. stiffeners and holes on these Functional Elements. decks. • iterative sizing in accordance with the GL Rules. for various frames. • generation of a frame table in the ship’s longitudinal direction (X axis). etc.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND 2 A Midship Section . varying loads and corrections on members. bulkheads. tanks with corresponding medium etc. which have an influence on the sizing of plates and stiffeners in accordance with the GL Rules (cargo static. 6 POSEIDON Tutorial . The complete input described in this tutorial is also contained in the file TUTOR_ND. transverse members. • arrangement of plates.POX that is loaded on the POSEIDON ND CD-Rom. girders. The process is subdivided into the following individual steps: • concept sketch for a midship section.). inner bottom.

POSEIDON Tutorial 7 .3 m 13.1 Problem A Midship Section . The abbreviations conform to the syntax in the Germanischer Lloyd Rules. For more information call the Online Help for this section.6 m 0. which are necessary for the sizing of the transverse section. Requirements This step does not require the prior completion of any POSEIDON ND program section.65 23 kn 3. Part 1 Chapter 1.from Concept to Sizing Design Parameters and Concept Sketch Collection of the characteristic ship’s data. 76 Class: 100 A5 Germanischer Lloyd Even when only roughly known the deadweight entry is strongly recommended due to static torsion for container ships in this example and for tankers to control the design principles.25 m 18.5 m 6.060 mm 765 mm 35000 to Fr. In this example the ship’s characteristic dimensions and design parameters are as follows: Ship Type: Lpp: LwL: B: H: T: TB : cB : V0 : Floor spacing: Transverse frame spacing: Deadweight: XA: Container Ship „CONTEST“ 230 m 234 m 32.POSEIDON ND 2.

from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND For the first pictorial representation of the midship section.A Midship Section . a concept sketch has been made up. Figure 3: Concept Sketch of a Ship design 8 POSEIDON Tutorial .

saving of the input in a file. Please enter a project name and the authors name. The description field makes it possible to give a detailed description of the project. allocation of a project name.2 Problem A Midship Section .1 Input of the Principal Dimensions ⇒ Switch to Section 1 'General' and enter a project name. You see a tabbed form for project data.1 General Data.POSEIDON ND 2. for example. the formulas for ice strengthening in accordance with the GL Rules automatically flow into the scantling of the transverse section. Requirements POSEIDON is individually configured (see the Installation Manual). In our example inputs for ice class and for waterline of damage are not necessary here.from Concept to Sizing Principal Dimensions and Material Input of the principal dimensions. project description and the Principal Dimensions according to the values given above. You can find more information on this topic by calling the Online Help function with F1.2. choose in the TreeView Section 1. Choose the second tab 'Principal Dimensions' and enter the values given above (see Figure 4) POSEIDON ND automatically calculates the GL scantling length L. Figure 4: Input mask for Principal Dimensions POSEIDON Tutorial 9 . principal dimensions. After starting POSEIDON. If. 2. additional principal dimensions in case of ice class and a description of the waterline in damage condition. entries are made in classification symbol E2 for ice strengthening.

from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND 2. 1 contain no stars.2 materials and familiarize yourself with the definitions of the material numbers.2 Material definition ⇒ Check the default material number Choose in the TreeView the Section 1.A Midship Section . Members with Mat. Higher material numbers (user defined materials also) are indicated by the # sign. Post it is possible to define your own material numbers. 10 POSEIDON Tutorial . respectively.No.No. 2 and 3 contain 1 and 2 stars. Figure 5: The pre-defined material values When displaying the section 'Show with plate thickness' ( by using the show button ) or the ToolTips of the preview-plot-window (by moving the mouse pointer on a Functional Element) the three primary materials are indicated by stars.2. The first four rows are predefined and not changeable. members with Mat. This display convention allows the user to identify graphically areas of the hull using higher tensile materials.

Please use the 'Save As' command in the File menu. please use the ‘open’ command in the File menu or the Load Button toolbar.2. Figure 6: POSEIDON ND File pull down menu To reload a project file. the latest stored project file will be loaded automatically. POSEIDON ND save your work direct under the given project file name.from Concept to Sizing 2. save your first project by clicking the save-button in the toolbar.3 Storing the Project ⇒ Save the data and reload the data. Now.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . in the POSEIDON Tutorial 11 . If you repeat this command later. Save the project under the name MYEXAMPLE. POSEIDON ND launches a TM WINDOWS dialog box where you have to enter the path and the name of the project file.POX. Advice: If you start POSEIDON ND. if you want to assign a new project file name.

from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND 2.3*hb ( 0 for straight ) height of noose thickness of bracket 12 POSEIDON Tutorial . Figure 7: Explanation of entry fields in this mask hs: lb: hb: h1: c: t: height of heeling stiffener length of bracket height of bracket Height of bracket at 0. The explanation of the entry fields is done with the following sketch.4 End connections of stiffeners Problem The modeling of the standard local connections for the longitudinal stiffeners with respect to a more detailed life-cycle analysis.4 'End connection of stiffeners' Now two examples for a heeling stiffener with bracket and a normal bracket should be modeled.2. Requirements ⇒ Switch to Section 1.A Midship Section .

from Concept to Sizing First end connection type is the example with the heeling stiffener. In a second step the normal bracket will be modeled. The dimension of the heeling stiffener should be 100mm. The second end connection type is only modeled without the heeling stiffener. The bracket dimensions should be 300*200*12 mm. Figure 8: Input mask for typical end connections of stiffeners POSEIDON Tutorial 13 . The height h1 at hb/3 is 140mm and noose should be 20mm high.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section .

3 Problem Frame Table Generation of a frame table in the ship’s longitudinal direction.3. 302. The table is to be filled out with frame numbers from -9 to 302. please enter 0. ⇒ Enter in Line 1 of the frame table: Frame No.5 and enter the aft perpendicular (frame 0. If you know the position of the forward perpendicular it is also possible to enter the position of the forward perpendicular. ⇒ Choose 'AFT' in the field 'Keep PP' and check the entry of the field 'at Frame' If the value is not 0. The calculated forward perpendicular should be frame no. POSEIDON ND automatically calculates the forward perpendicular and shows it in the grey shadowed field in the head of the window. The forward perpendicular resides at frame 300+500mm. Then the aft perpendicular will be calculated by POSEIDON ND. the given frame spacings and Lpp. 230 now. -9. Check the entries of the aft perpendicular in the head of the table. offset 0 mm) in the frame table. ⇒ Enter in Line 2 of the frame table: Frame No. 2.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND 2. Frame Spacing 765. The frame spacing is 765 mm. 14 POSEIDON Tutorial . From the entries for the aft perpendicular. Frame Spacing 765.5 Frame Table (X-Dir) of the TreeView of POSEIDON ND.A Midship Section . Requirements The principal dimensions exist in POSEIDON ND. Choose the Section 1. Section 'General General Data'.1 Generation of a Frame Table ⇒ Switch to Section 1.

Next. Use the scroll bars to scroll up or down through the table. After concluding the input by leaving the last input row. overwrite Frame No. change the proposals of Frame No. Enter 765 for both Frame Spacings. Save or the Save-button . Next. which for its part is taken from the forward perpendicular to the aft (see Figure 9).from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND makes two input rows with a useful proposal available. Figure 9: Input mask for Frame Table Advice: POSEIDON does not extrapolate beyond the last frame number. POSEIDON Tutorial 15 . 1 and overwrite this with -9. 2 with 300. With this. aft PP gives the spacing of the frame from the aft perpendicular.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . Xp-Coordinate fr. Save your work using the pull-down menu File. The changes that follow in the next section are not necessary input for our example. they serve only as further practice in dealing with the frame table display. With the 'toggle to all lines ON / OFF ' button of the toolbar. The program calculates both of the last two columns of the table. therefore the highest occurring frame number must be given. the position of the forward perpendicular is also defined and the value of 300+500 should be displayed in the head of the table. you can activate or deactivate the display of a list of all generated frames. POSEIDON generates the complete frame table. X/L contains the relative spacing of the frame from the starting point of length L.

Now. so that now only two rows exist.2 Changes in the Frame Table The frame table can also be modified. Observe also that the position of the forward perpendicular has changed. Complete the input by leaving the edited line.3. two new input lines.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND 2. For this. Next. because of the input of the new. with 110. one with Frame No. here is how to change the spacing to 750 mm in the range between frame 3 and frame 109. Display the list of generated frames (toggle to all lines on ) and scroll through the new frame table and check the results. 3 with 750. re-establish the original values. 3 by placing the mouse pointer on the left grey column of the window and press the F5 function key or by clicking the right mouse button to get the pop-up menu which show all possible commands (see Figure 10). by using the F6 function key. Delete both rows. diminished frame spacing. For example. with 3 and the second generated input line in Frame No. first conceal the display of the generated frame list (toggle to all lines off ). -9 and twice insert. Highlight the row of Frame No. and that the forward perpendicular also has been newly calculated. overwrite the Frame Spacing for Frame No. 300. Place the cursor on Frame No. -9 and one with Frame No.A Midship Section . Overwrite the first generated input line in Frame No. Figure 10: Delete a row of the frame table 16 POSEIDON Tutorial .

1 Wizards 1 Container Ship . a typical POSEIDON-description of the cross section is generated. overwrite the No. POSEIDON Tutorial 17 . To change the number of containers in the bottom layer. Requirements The principal dimensions and the frame table have been entered.4 Problem A Midship Section . By clicking the OK button. For example a midship section of a container ship can be generated in a few minutes with the help of the Wizard. Figure 11: Cross section wizard for Container Ships Advice: Notice that the Wizard always generates (and also overwrites) complete cross sections. of Cont. For this reason do not use the Wizard to edit regions of a cross section. Choose the Section 2. This generated section has to be modified afterwards to reflect the design idea or the actual design in all details. The input displays of the wizards are largely self-explanatory. a ballast tank is defined now.POSEIDON ND 2. The built-in Wizards of POSEIDON allow much faster generation of the midship section than the standard way of manually describing each functional element.11 and complete the input with the ENTER key.from Concept to Sizing The Wizards of POSEIDON Definition of a typical cross-section with the help of a POSEIDON-Wizard. Transverse Section in the POSEIDON ND TreeView. Look at the graphical output.parameter with 9. in Y-/Z-Dir . The input fields are described in onlinehelp. Choose Point As shown in the concept sketch the midship section should include a ballast tank and only 9 containers in the bottom layer.

POX newly. Advice: The last loaded files are listed in the history of the file menu (Figure 12).3.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND To check the result.2 Hull Structure Transverse Web Plates.1 Hull Structure Longitudinal Members: and 3. look at the sections 3. Close the file without saving (Close command in the file menu) and use the function Open File in the POSEIDON ND toolbar to reload the file.3.A Midship Section . Therefore you should reload your file MYEXAMPLE. To learn about the detailed input possibilities of POSEIDON ND. To have an overview about the defined midship section press the '3D geometry' button . Figure 12: File menu with history 18 POSEIDON Tutorial . you should now define structural cross section of the example using the input displays described in the following sections. This gives you a fast access to your last used files.

The number is necessary for the generation of frames. The name must begin with up to four letters followed by a number. Here you use the proposed 1 to get the definition of one longitudinal frame. Overwrite the field Frame No. Choose the Section 1. Requirements The principal dimensions and the frame table have been entered.5. Choose P for the symmetry of this frame.1 Definition of the Frame Table (Y and Z Dir) The Name of the longitudinal frame can have a maximum of 6 characters. with 154. 154 Figure 13: Use of the frame table in y-z direction POSEIDON Tutorial 19 .from Concept to Sizing Modeling of Longitudinal Members Definition of the individual structural elements of the transverse sections and the description of the geometry and the topology. In our example. The grid cell of the zcoordinate has to be empty for definitions of frames in y-direction.5 in the TreeView. The longitudinal frames are shown as horizontal or vertical dotted lines in a transverse section of the vessel.5 Problem A Midship Section . Activate the grid cell Name by the mouse pointer and use the proposal L_0 of the pull down menu (see Figure 13). Jump into the next grid cell No by using the Tab key. 2. The names of the longitudinal frames can be used as references in the description of transverse and longitudinal members.POSEIDON ND 2. Use also the proposed value 0. New feature: Frame Table (Y and Z Dir) A new powerful feature in POSEIDON ND is the possibility to define a frame table in y-z direction. the name of the longitudinal frames will be L_0 up to L_n.0 to define the spacing and the y-coordinate. because it is defined in the center line of the vessel.

Advice: Files containing the definition of a 'frame table in y and z Dir' do not work correctly with older versions of POSEIDON! 2.0. With the all lines on command. The preview displays the actual defined frames.A Midship Section . They are entirely independent of the plate arrangement or a possible finite element grid.0 and the y-coordinate to 1440.1. Change the name to L_2. which is always used and recognized in other program parts. the value of no to 12. the entire shell shape is defined as one Functional Element. With this function you have fast access to the name and the coordinate of the last generated frame. the spacing to 855. are defined. the y-coordinate to 720. the so-called Functional Elements. For example. Figure 14: Frame table in y-z direction Save your work and close the frame table window. just as the entire inner bottom is one other element.5. POSEIDON ND's Functional Elements describe the geometry and the topology (i. 20 POSEIDON Tutorial .1 'Hull Structure Longitudinal Members Functional Elements. the connection between the elements) of the longitudinal members of a ship steel structure. Functional Elements connecting to other Functional Elements must be described by naming the connecting members (reference). as demonstrated in the following example. In this input display. It is possible to highlight the defined frames in the preview window and POSEIDON ND shows a ToolTip containing the actual name and the actual coordinate of the highlighted frame. which are involved in the transverse section. but you have to change the name to L_1. you can see the names of all generated frames.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND The input of the next line is similar. The complete input of the frame table is shown below in Figure 14: .2 Definition of Geometry and Topology Choose the section 3. In POSEIDON ND. In the third line we want to define 12 frames.0 mm and the symmetry to P+S. a Functional Element is identified by an abbreviation (name of the Short Cut).e.

Establish your first Functional Element. If a value remains constant from one line to the next. That means: F: A: F+A : The geometric information is also valid for frames located further forward and will be utilized for interpolation. and accept the standard value of F/A. Activate the grid cell Func. F+A means.g. Accept the 1 and complete the input by leaving the edited line. and enter 154. a Functional Element is described at frame 100 and labeled with the attribute F or F+A and if the same Functional Element is also defined at frame 130 and labeled with the attribute A or F+A.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . Figure 15: Functional Element SHELL POSEIDON Tutorial 21 . The definition of the Functional Element SHELL is shown in Figure 15. The description field can be used for a any description of the Functional Element. Now the second line is activated and you have only to change the y / z-coordinates and the line type. Using the Tab key or the mouse pointer activate the next column Frame No.1 and generate the Functional Element SHELL at frame 154. If.5.2. In the right hand column LT of the line.0/0. The geometric information is also valid for frames located further aft and will be utilized for interpolation.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND interpolates geometric information between frames.1. Attribute F+A.: bilge radius) of the shape points has to be entered.1 Generation of the Functional Element SHELL ⇒ Switch to Section 3.Ele and use the proposal SHELL of the pull down menu. a 1 for a straight or a 2 for a circular connection (e. for example. Accept also the standard of P+S for symmetry and the y and z-coordinates (0. that field should be left empty. 2.0). The geometric information is also valid for frames located further forward and further aft and will be utilized for interpolation. ⇒ Enter the Functional Element of the SHELL according to the following figure. that the shell will be interpolated at all cross sections (forward and aft) between the definition at frame 154 and the next direct definition. then the geometry of the Functional Element will be interpolated between these two cross sections.

You will recognize the orientation of the SHELL description by the small. black arrow at the beginning of the shape. Establish the Functional Element inner bottom with the abbreviation Func. This simplifies the overview for you.Try to highlight the sections of the functional element by the mouse pointer and you will see the coordinates in the ToolTip also the description line will be highlighted by an additional arrow It is also possible to use the Plot button to take a look at your complete shape representation for the Functional Element SHELL.5. Advice: Orient the Functional Elements from center line to outside and from below to above. if you press the arrow button of the active cell. The y-value Shell can also easily be given by highlighting the Functional Element Shell in the preview and a right click on the mouse. Press the minus button to close the rows containing the coordinates. Overwrite SHELL with IB and enter Figure 16: Definition of the Functional Element IB The entries for the first line are copied automatically to the second line.A Midship Section . 2. SHELL at Y= 0).Ele. A pop up menu will be launched where you can choose the command: Set current grid cell to Shell (see Figure 17). Now enter the text description whole shell in the field Description. Use the Plot button.2 Generation of further Functional Elements ⇒ Definition of Functional Element IB at frame 154 with attribute F+A. Advice: Older versions of POSEIDON ND and automatic tools as the wizard use another way for description. 22 POSEIDON Tutorial . refer to the following figure. choose the third line (Shell) in the pull down menu which is available in the coordinate grid cells. to take a look at your complete Functional Elements IB and SHELL.g. This pull down menu contains references to all defined Functional Elements.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND The preview display you get a visual control of the actual definition of the functional element . Symmetrical members intersecting the midship plane must start at the symmetry-line (e. As previously mentioned above. The term used here only serves the purpose of simplifying the distinction between the Functional Elements for you. This orientation will later be the basis for the positioning of the plates and the stiffeners on the Functional Element SHELL.2. Instead of repeating a Y/Z-value the next line is left blank and known as “no change happened”. This is automatically opened. IB and the F/A attribute F+A by activating the last line beginning with the star the following values: . By pressing the minus button now the rows containing the coordinates will be closed. only changes have to be overwritten. Functional Elements may be referenced by means of your short cut.

You always have visual control of your actual input in preview window. refer to the following Figure . Next. Figure 18: Definition of the Functional Element DK_1 (main deck) Advice: DK_1 and IB are now connected with the functional element SHELL. attribute F+A at frame 154. the Short Cut DK_1 and the F/A attribute F+A. For the shape. by using the coordinates given below (see Figure 19). POSEIDON Tutorial 23 . description weather deck. Now. It is an advantage to use this style of description. because if the description of SHELL changes. Enter the following values in the input mask. enter all other Functional Elements.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . the deck (DK_1) and the innerbottom (IB) always remain attached to the SHELL and change their geometry automatically. (Note the usage of the SHELL for the description). ⇒ Enter further Functional Elements. marked by the red colored circles. establish the new Functional Element with the description weather deck.from Concept to Sizing Figure 17: Use preview plot functions to define functional elements ⇒ Enter the Functional Element DK_1.

of a grid 24 POSEIDON Tutorial . By clicking on the arrow button cell.A Midship Section .from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND Figure 19: List of all defined Functional Elements The coordinates for the other elements are given below. you get the pull down menu containing all existing functional elements.

be certain to check that all physical element connections are marked with a circle.5. This includes also decisions regarding strength and lifecycle behavior even when POSEIDON ND sets most of the criteria automatically! Requirement At least one Functional Element exists at the frame.5. 154 and Show Geometry /Topology in the following dialog box.3 View of the Transverse Section at Frame 154 With the Plot button . you can view the results of your work. POSEIDON Tutorial 25 . Figure 20: View of the transverse section at frame 154 with topologic connections The points shown in circles indicate that POSEIDON has realised a physical connection between the Functional Elements at each of these points.0 mm) or profile dimension (minimum dimension from the profile table) will be assumed.3 Plates.2. Choose Frame No. In POSEIDON ND the plates and profiles can be defined with or without given dimensions. Stiffeners and Holes of Longitudinal Members Problem In this section. If no dimension are given. a preliminary thickness (1. 2.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . The required values according the GL Rules can be determined during sizing. Therefore. the purely geometric/topologic description of the model is supplemented by the arrangement of plates and also by the description of stiffeners and holes on a Functional Element.from Concept to Sizing 2.

In this input task the plates on the existing Functional Elements at a defined frame range (around frame 154) will be generated. plate arrangement at frame 154. in the dialog.1 Automatic Plate Arrangement for Longitudinal Members ⇒ Switch to Section 3.A Midship Section . POSEIDON ND offers the choice to generate standard plate and stiffener arrangement automatically or to copy such an arrangement from another frame. Advice: In order to arrange plates on a Functional Element automatically. The following dialog box (see Figure 21) will be displayed.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND 2. Select the section 3.5. Press the magic button .2 Hull Structure Longitudinal Members Plate Arrangement. Please enter for x-Start -9 and for x-End 302. That is.3. or it must be possible to interpolate it by means of the attribute F/A of other frames. either it has to be described by explicit input.1.1.2. use the Plot button and activate the hook plate dim. 26 POSEIDON Tutorial . Now. By default POSEIDON ND generates five plates for the SHELL (from keel to sheerstrake) and one plate for all other Functional Elements. The Plates for all Functional Elements will be generated for the entire range of cross sections. Take a look at the transverse section you have just generated. Figure 21: Magic Wand Dialog box for X-Range of Plate Arrangement ⇒ Overwrite the proposed values according to your demands. where you can enter the valid x-range for the plate fields. the current frame has to be well defined.

with that. however. the automatic plate arrangement is very effective. it has to be further refined and adapted to the design concept.A to SHELL. In our example. you should describe the individual plates in greater detail with the help of Item. POSEIDON determines the starting point Y-Z Start of the plate FK (BEGIN) directly from of the starting point of the geometry. In order to achieve a better overview. we name the first plate SHELL. Flat Keel ⇒ Overwrite the description keel with FK First.FK (for flat keel) and all others as SHELL.0 and. Modifying the arrangement is the subject of this section. Plate arrangements always have the same orientation as the geometric description of the corresponding Functional Element.from Concept to Sizing Figure 22: Input mask for plate arrangements Fitting the Plate Arrangement of the Shell Plating As an initial configuration.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . carry the Short Cut SHELL.J. which belong to the shell. All plates. POSEIDON Tutorial 27 . A plate width of 900 mm is defined with B=900. the Y-Z End is determined. overwrite the description keel with FK (flat keel). POSEIDON ND "proceeds" 900 mm further along the geometry and so determines the end coordinates.

Material No. IB. Advice: If you use the standard naming for the functional elements (SHELL. in accordance with the GL Rules. CO_n) it is easier to follow up the relevant design criterions given for the Rule Check! Figure 23: Dialog box of design criteria 28 POSEIDON Tutorial . The relevant design criterion must be assigned to every plate. you can choose between right and left by using the pull down menu of the grid cell. LB_n. the following dialog box (see Figure 21) will be displayed. so leave RIGHT as it is. Compare it with the above given material table.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND The moulded line is to the right as seen from the start point of the plate.A Midship Section . The symmetry input P+S is already correctly filled in. Leave the field for minimum thickness t[mm] empty. The Design Criteria S corresponds on the consideration of shell load. If you press the pull down menu button. 1 is also appropriate. because our model is symmetrical. DK_n. where you can choose between all possible design criteria. Here. LG_n.

The default value for a plate is usually 80. Non effective bending (NEB) or excluding both attributes shear and bending by marking Non effective shear and bending (NEX). This value may be changed by clicking the select box and choosing another appropriate value according to the following figure as an excerpt of the GL-Rules. To suppress this function the unsupported span in both directions (dx for longitudinal direction.e. dyz in the cross section plane) may be entered directly. In this case POSEIDON ND is not able to calculate according to the default setting the actual detail categories! POSEIDON Tutorial 29 . A special example is the ‘not modelled buckling stiffener’ but the not to be neglected consideration of it. Figure 24: Dialog box for Plate Attributes The longitudinal strength behavior for all plates is predefined to Full Effective and this is appropriate for this shell plate. a corrugated plate for longitudinal bulkheads may be defined as well as longitudinal strength attributes. The lifetime analysis has to be performed with the actual detail category in accordance with the GL Rules. (See Figure 25) Advice: In some cases and for work saving reasons models are sometimes described without any transverse members.from Concept to Sizing The Attributes dialog box contains several additional information for the plate i. POSEIDON ND makes automatically proposals for the correct detail category when a blank line (default) is shown in the select box. unsupported lengths and actual detail categories. Other examples are plates with small longitudinal extension. The span of a plate field is calculated internally by POSEIDON ND.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . massive cut-outs or structural discontinuities that should be excluded from the longitudinal strength calculation by marking the buttons Non effective shear (NES).

Also.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND Figure 25: Excerpt of GL-Rules. several plates have to be described according to the order given by this orientation. Your first plate has now been fitted to the functional element SHELL. 30 POSEIDON Tutorial . Advice: The orientation of the plates on a Functional Element must correspond to the orientation of the geometric description of the Functional Element. Fatique Strength Please leave the description line with the down arrow.A Midship Section .

C and D.A and. generate a further input line for plate B. In order to ensure that plates always describe the complete Functional Element.2 Materials) and a minimum thickness of 30 mm. overwrite the description side with F and Y-Z End with B=3000.from Concept to Sizing ⇒ Overwrite the description bottom with A and Y-Z End with B=3000. Overwrite A with B. overwrite the description bilge with E and Y-Z End with z=3800. the first plate of the element should always start with BEGIN and the last plate should always finish with END. With AUTO as the starting point of each following SHELL plate. ⇒ Overwrite the description sheerstrake with K. Carry out the same for plates H. with F6 (New) or a right mouse click. For the bilge strake. I and J. The side plates are described with a letter from F to I. H and I. Advice: The plate description of a Functional Element (for example SHELL) frequently consists of several rows. For the bottom plating. POSEIDON overwrites it with .0 and calculates the required Y coordinate from the geometric description. Overwrite F with G. Side and Sheerstrake Plates ⇒ Overwrite the description side with F and Y-Z End with B=3000.POSEIDON ND Bottom Plating A Midship Section . you have used a Z coordinate value for the Y-Z End.Z= 3800. Bilge Plates ⇒ Overwrite the Description bilge with E and Y-Z End with z=3800. The bilge strake is represented by plate E. In the example. This time. 3 is assigned to this plate (in accordance with section 1. the inner bottom plates are sequentially numbered from 1 to 4. the end-point of the previous plate of SHELL will be automatically fitted. The preview displays generated plates. POSEIDON calculates the end of the shape representation of the SHELL and uses these coordinates internally for Y-Z End. Carry out the same for plates C and D. with 3 and the minimum thickness with 30mm. the bottom plating should be made of the plates "A" to "D". overwrite the description bottom with A and Y-Z End with B=3000. with F6 (New) or a right mouse click. Highlight the plates by the mouse pointer to see the ToolTip containing the name of the plate and the defined thickness. Highlight the line of SHELL. generate a further input line for plate G. POSEIDON Tutorial 31 . overwrite the description sheerstrake with K. Highlight the line of SHELL. The end point END is already correctly filled in. Material no. material no. ⇒ Generate further lines from SHELL. Check particulary the plate butts. For sheerstrake plate.F with the descriptions G. For the side plate F.F and. ⇒ Insert further rows for the shell and overwrite the description with B. Fitting of the Plates for the Inner Bottom In our example.

is 3 for higher tensile steel and the minimum thickness is 30. Fitting of the Longitudinal Bulkhead Plates ⇒ Overwrite Y-Z End of plate LB_1. t[mm] with 30 mm and Mat.1 lies opposite to plate SHELL. If you imagine the end point of the plate as being the coordinate values Y . Overwrite the description pl.1 and execute the F6 (New) command. t[mm] with 18 mm and Mould. Z. The moulded lines for all three decks are located left as seen from the start of the Functional Element. therefore. Overwrite Y-Z End with B=3150. select End for Y-Z End. insert a new line as well and. Also generate a new line for inner bottom plate pl. The Material No.1 with Z=6800. ⇒ Generate a new plate from IB.pl. you have placed the plate butts on the shell plating and on the longitudinal bulkheads at the same height. Fitting the Plates for Deck 1. enter the Design Criteria WD for weather deck as design load.5. Additionally.Z=6800. Line is already correctly filled in. insert a new line and enter B=3000 for Y-Z End for each. The fifth plate (above) consists of higher tensile steel. Use the F6 (New) command and overwrite the description with pl. then you have now internally referenced the Y coordinate of the LB_1 shape representation and explicitly assigned the Z coordinate 6800 mm. with 3.0 mm and the Material No.1 Plate IB.pl.0. The first plate LB_1.1 and overwrite the description with pl.3.2. choose left by using the pull down menu. enter a minimum thickness of 18 mm.pl.pl.4 and. The moulded lines for all longitudinal bulkhead plates are located left as seen from the start of the Functional Element. The longitudinal bulkhead plates are named with digits from 1 to 5.A Midship Section . In the field t[mm].1 starts with BEGIN (= beginning of the geometry) and ends at . ⇒ Generate three more plates from LB_1. Line with left of the plate IB.0 mm. In the field Mould. and IB.pl. place the cursor on IB. Line.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND ⇒ Overwrite Y-Z End with B=3150. This is useful.2 and Y-Z End with B=3150. ⇒ Check the data of Deck2 and Deck6 to Moulded Line left.FK.pl. The width should be 3150 mm as well. Check the field Design Criteria and enter IB if there is no entry. t[mm] 40 mm. 32 POSEIDON Tutorial .pl.4 with Y-Z End END. POSEIDON ND internally calculates the end coordinates from the geometric description. enter the minimum thickness as 50. For this. select LB_2+50 for Y-Z End. Overwrite the old values.2 to pl.pl. now insert a new line. POSEIDON inserts a new line and assumes the values. Material No. For inner bottom plate pl.No. because.pl.2 and Y-Z End with B=3150. by doing this. For plate 5. 3. Generate IB.4 and Y-Z End with B=3000. Deck2 and Deck6 ⇒ Change the data for Deck1 to Design Criteria WD. ⇒ Generate a further plate and overwrite the description with pl.1 with pl.1 and overwrite the description with pl. the Y-Z End with END.3 with the same data. the entry left in the field Mould. For the plate assignment for Deck 1. 3 and Moulded Line left. For plates 2 to 4.

As descriptions. you will find an overview of all plate arrangements at frame 154. which have not yet been fitted (particularly CO_1 and CO_2 and LG_0 to LG_14). Save the file.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . and compare these with the concept sketch found at the beginning of the tutorial. POSEIDON Tutorial 33 .2 Overview of the Plates for the Longitudinal Members ⇒ Fit further plates according to the following table or the concept sketch. Now enter the data for the plates.from Concept to Sizing 2.5. the longitudinal girders use the longitudinal frame number. Following.3.

Figure 26: View of plate arrangement at frame 154 Save your work .5. Press the magic button . POSEIDON ND offers the choice to generate standard plate and stiffener arrangement automatically or to copy such an arrangement from another frame. 34 POSEIDON Tutorial .A Midship Section .3.3.3. 2.1. If one of the stiffeners is located at the position of an adjoining Functional Element. where you can enter the valid x-range for the longitudinal stiffeners. Advice: It is useful to use the new function of the 'frame table in y and z dir'. then this stiffener will not be generated by POSEIDON ND! To find the input display for stiffeners switch to section 3.3 Arrangement of Longitudinal Stiffeners In POSEIDON ND you can define several stiffeners with the same spacing and of the same type in one input line. The following dialog box (see Figure 27) will be displayed. Observe the placing of the stars behind the thickness values used to identify members with Material No.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND Check the results of your work by using the Plot button.

1. Figure 28: Orientation of stiffeners POSEIDON Tutorial 35 . otherwise the desired type can be chosen by the pull down menu. select MF by the pull down menu in the field Moulded Line. with 3 and a with 0. Material No. Moulded Line with MF. if transverse members (e. Then it is not necessary to define the transverse members for the dimension procedure of the longitudinal members. Attention: the given values in this field are used by POSEIDON ND in every case. will be requested. The stiffeners should be arranged on both sides and should contain the Symmetry Designation P+S. The value of the relative angle of rotation is within the range from 0 to 180 degrees related to the orientation of the Functional Element. The stiffeners should lie on the moulded line of the SHELL. Y or Z coordinates. In the column Y-Z Start (position of the 1st stiffener). Y-Z Start with L_1.3). Y-Z End with n=1.g. The stiffener type HP is already correctly filled in. Leave the dimension columns empty. 3. (Section 3. floor plates ) are defined. Advice: The value l should be 0. Choose L_1. The profile on the outer shell bottom should be of higher tensile steel and contain the Material No. for this row will describe the first stiffeners on the shell. also if there are defined transverse plates with smaller or larger distances! The following figure shows how the angle of rotation and the position on and opposite to the moulded line and the orientation of the plates determine the orientation of the stiffeners. or a reference to the geometry.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . Overwrite the Description 1 of the SHELL with 1. Use the item indicator 1. Enter Y-Z End with n=1. The angle of rotation is to be given relative to the SHELL with R90. Therefore. the Profile Type with HP. with the profile bulbs pointing towards mid-ship.from Concept to Sizing Figure 27: Magic Wand Dialog box for X-Range of longitudinal stiffeners Stiffeners at the Shell Plating ⇒ Switch to the display of the Longitudinal Stiffeners. For economized input it is possible to enter the distance of the transverse members here.0 degrees.

structural discontinuities or stiffener located on non effective plates that should be excluded from the longitudinal strength calculation by marking the buttons Non effective shear (NES). The result is displayed after calculation as an extended lifetime in years. The span of each stiffener is calculated internally by POSEIDON ND as the frame distance. length of brackets.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND The Attributes dialog box contains several additional information for the longitudinal stiffener as longitudinal strength attributes. The default value for a stiffener depends on the used profile type and the way it is touched by other or additional members. actual detail categories and the factor for asymmetrical profiles. POSEIDON ND in both cases makes automatically a proposal for the correct detail category when a blank line (default) is shown in the select box/boxes (the entry default is changed to blank after leaving the input mask!!) and if all transverse members are modeled. 36 POSEIDON Tutorial . Only with the use of End-Connection-Types (EC) a second select box is activated. It has to be observed that in opposition to the use of l . An additional example is the full modeled and connected buckling stiffener etc. The benefit is an automatical consideration of fore and aft connection type. the benefit is that different frame distances and the size of connecting stiffeners are considered automatically! The lifetime analysis for the longitudinal stiffeners has to be performed with the actual detail category in accordance with the GL Rules. To suppress this function the unsupported span may be reduced by entering reducing bracket lengths or couples with struts.as described before. Non effective bending (NEB) or excluding both attributes shear and bending by marking Non effective shear and bending (NEX). Other examples are stiffeners with small longitudinal extension.A Midship Section . an excerpt of the most common is given in the next figure (See Figure 30). that is real to neglect. coupling with struts. This value may be changed by clicking the select box and choosing another appropriate value according to the GL-Rules. Figure 29: Attributes dialog box for longitudinal stiffeners The longitudinal strength behavior for all longitudinal stiffeners is predefined to Full Effective and this is appropriate for this stiffener.

T-profiles 1.03 • Asymetric T-profiles 1. The default values for ksp are: • Flat bars.00 • Bulb profiles 1. section 3.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . Advice: In some cases and for work saving reasons models are sometimes described without any transverse members.05 • Rolled angels (L-profiles) 1. chapter 1. POSEIDON ND does the calculation according to default values when the entry is ‘0’. In this case POSEIDON ND is not able to calculate according to the default setting the actual detail category! For economical calculation of only cross sections set actual detail category manually according to actual GL-Rules! POSEIDON Tutorial 37 .from Concept to Sizing The additional local stresses caused by the use of asymmetric profiles are observed with the factor ksp.15 Please refer to GL-Rules.

38 POSEIDON Tutorial . Overwrite Item with 3-13. Recognize. Y-Z Start with L_3. that the stiffeners of the SHELL which are located on the position of the longitudinal girders. consequently will not be generated.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND Figure 30: Excerpt of GL-Rules (Example for various intersections) ⇒ Start to enter more stiffeners in the described way Highlight the line SHELL and create a new input line by pressing F6 (New). Y-Z End with L_13 and a with a. Zoom the preview by pulling open a window with the left mouse button and observe how POSEIDON has generated the stiffeners.A Midship Section .

select MF in the field M. as Item-description. all of the stiffeners on the shell plating are completely described.1. Line. enter the remaining profiles on the SHELL and use. the numbering of the stiffeners (see Figure 31).POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . Select Type HP and leave the Dimensions empty. Y or Z coordinates are asked for. ⇒ Enter further stiffeners of the SHELL according to the following figure. The stiffeners should be arranged on both sides and should contain the symmetry designation P+S. Enter L_25 in this column. with the profile bulbs pointing towards the bottom. Afterwards change the input of LB_2. The number of input rows depends on the number of changes in the Material stiffener types and stiffener spacing. Therefore.J). The angle of rotation is to be given relative to LB_1 with R90. POSEIDON Tutorial 39 . With this. For all stiffeners in the double bottom area choose No. Enter Material No.from Concept to Sizing Now. enter the dimensions for the flat bar as 300*30. Enter the same definitions as used in definition of SHELL stiffeners. (for a complete profile data table see below ) Figure 31: Input mask for longitudinal stiffener arrangements Stiffeners on Longitudinal Bulkheads LB_1 ⇒ Change the data of LB_1 in the same way as the stiffeners on shell. (for detailed coordinates see the table below). In the area of the uppermost plate (SHELL.0 degrees. 3. Enter L_27 in the column Y-Z End and n=3 for a.. The profile should be made of normal tensile steel and contain Material No. Overwrite the item description of LB_1 with 25-27. 3. The stiffeners should be located on the moulded line of LB_1. which is equivalent to the use of higher tensile steel. In the column Y-Z Start.

Complete the entries for the stiffeners according to the following table. The stiffeners should be located opposite to the moulded line (opposite side) of LG_14 and with the view on the front side of the profile. enter L_18. Thus. the profile bulbs point downwards. 40 POSEIDON Tutorial . Select LG_14 in the column Funct. Select the Type HP and leave the Dimensions empty. Element. Next. 3. 1. Save the data. The stiffeners should be arranged on both sides and therefore should contain the symmetry designation P+S.0. enter 650 for a. select OF by the pull down menu in the field M.A Midship Section . The end of the stiffener position is adequately described by means of the number of stiffeners n=2 and the spacing a. ⇒ Generate further stiffeners according to the data in the following table. Line. Stiffeners on all other Functional Elements Use the 'Proposal Line' marked by the to generate a new input line in the display of the stiffeners. Let the stiffeners begin at z=575. Therefore. The angle of rotation is to be given relative to LG_14 with R90. In the column Y-Z Start.0 degrees. Use material no. According to the concept sketch. The profiles should be of normal tensile steel and should contain the Material No. overwrite the Item with 1-2. Change the values of DK_2 and DK_6 according the table below.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND Stiffeners on Decks Redefine the input line of DK_1. Select Type FB and fill the field of the Dimensions with 400*50. in the column Y-Z End enter L_19 and n=2 for a.

from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON Tutorial 41 .POSEIDON ND A Midship Section .

Zoom out by clicking into the window once. as an example. Figure 32: Zoomed view of a transverse section showing profile description 42 POSEIDON Tutorial . Below.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND A view of the entered stiffeners can be produced by pressing the Plot button. In the following dialog box. Activate the hook profile dim. Zoom into the plot by pulling open a window with the left mouse button in the Plot Window (see the Reference Manual). a zoomed view of the upper hull flange is shown.A Midship Section .

Use the 'Proposal Line' and change the column Funct. The pre-setting of Spacing is a.L=0. In the column Description. LG_11 and LG_14.0 (half of the girder height. and Last F.5. The standard value is Y=.4 Hole Arrangement A Midship Section . at half of the girder height Activate the first line. Element with LG_08. select LG_05.L=400. alternatively. This means that the hole is defined on every frame in the definition range. width =400 mm. Element.3.B=600. Long.4.POSEIDON ND 2.from Concept to Sizing You have access to the input display for holes in section 3. Check whether your hole display is filled out according to the figure.0. Hull Sructure Holes and Cut Outs. 8. Overwrite it with F=.0. height=600 mm). Figure 33: Input mask for hole arrangements with preview plot Use the Plot button section with holes) and zoom in to visualize your input. an absolute coordinate) and the hole dimensions are asked for. Members ⇒ Generate four holes with a diameter of 600 mm in the longitudinal girders 5. In First F. No.0.B=0. 11 and 14 at frame 154 Use the pull down menu of the column Funct. Enter 154 in both columns.5. The Item-description can be 1.1. No.0. the position relative to the Functional Element (or. the definition range for the definition of holes can be entered.(see Figure 34: Zoomed view of a cross POSEIDON Tutorial 43 .

which do not have to directly follow one another.5. A HP profile should be placed on the center-line girder LG_00. Keep in mind that .1.4 Arrangement of Transverse Stiffeners on Longitudinal Members ⇒ Description of a Transverse Stiffener on the center-line girder. leave the plot window and save your data. 44 POSEIDON Tutorial . They typically exist only on one frame or on a sequence of frames (for example. This standard structure can then be modified with the techniques described here. The stiffener should be arranged on frame 43 up to frame 176 not at every frame.the input of Functional Elements is greatly simplified when using one of the wizards to generate a standard structure with few inputs. Therefore. In order to enter the transverse stiffeners on longitudinal members.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND Figure 34: Zoomed view of a cross section with holes Now. Therefore these transverse stiffeners have a separate input mask. Save your data.in contrast to the manual input described here . direct input of the Functional Elements gives you the greatest possible flexibility. Generate a new row by using the values given in the following figure. Switch to Section 3.5 'Hull Structure Longitudinal Members Trans. 2.5. Stiffener Arrangement '.'Transverse Stiffener Arrangement'.A Midship Section . Of course. every second frame). such members may be described on several frames at the same time. In POSEIDON the description of stiffeners which are located perpendicular to the ship’s longitudinal direction is different than the description of longitudinal stiffeners. switch to the Section 3.1.

POSEIDON Tutorial 45 .. 47. The stiffeners are now defined from frame 43 up to frame 176 repeated in the order stiffener.Line is already correctly filled out. the Dimensions are to be left empty (POSEIDON choose automatically the smallest profile from the active profile table). Click the grid cell and select BEGIN. Compare your entries with those shown in Figure 35. Y or Z coordinates or a reference to geometry are asked for. Enter 43 as First Frame No. In the column Start of Stiffener.2a in the column Spacing (in which a stands for the frame spacing). The Type is already correctly filled out with HP. 45. Figure 35: Input mask for transverse stiffener arrangement Check the correctness of the definition by zoom in the plot view near the center line girder.e.. no stiffener. 49.a. 48.). and a. i. 176 as Last Frame No. with the profile bulbs pointing towards the front side. 51. (stiffeners at frames 43. The stiffener should be located on the moulded line of the LG_00.from Concept to Sizing Select the Functional Element LG_00 by using the pull down menu . the position End of Stiffener is described with END. Overwrite Item with SHELL-IB.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . the stiffener extends over the whole length of the functional element. 44. MF in the field M. Figure 36: View of a longitudinal with vertical stiffeners. stiffener..

. In the column Start of Girder. Overwrite Item with STAY. 46 POSEIDON Tutorial . The meaning is: height of web at Dk_1. Girder' . Figure 37: Input of transverse web frames. height of web at CO_2. Switch to Section 3. select DK_1. Use the following figure to define the next values hweb. breadth of the flange at DK_1 and CO_2. Choose frame no. the Spacing is defined with 8a. The input of a transverse girder is similar to the input of transverse stiffeners. Select the Functional Element CO_1 by using the pull down menu . Compare your preview with the Figure 38 and save your work.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND 2. tweb and tflg .5 Arrangement of Transverse Girders on Longitudinal Members ⇒ Description of a Transverse Girder on the coaming. A transverse girder used as a coaming stay should be placed on the coaming CO_1. The girder should th be arranged on frame 76 up to frame 180 at every 8 frame.6 'Hull Structure Longitudinal Members Trans.6. switch to the Section 3. Fill in 76 for First Frame No. To enter a transverse girder on a longitudinal member.'Transverse Girder'. Figure 38: Preview of the coaming stay.1. 76. and 180 for Last Frame No.A Midship Section . bflg. Save your data. Generate a new row by using the values given in the following figure.1. the position End of Stiffener is described with CO_2. thickness of the web and thickness of the flange.5.

1 Cells Problem Definition of the geometry and the topology of transverse members with the assistance of longitudinal members. frame table and the longitudinal members (long. Cells are not tied to just one frame. This type of cell will not be listed in the input mask. They are available at every frame at which the described contour constitutes an enclosed area.g. The description of cells by reference to Functional Elements offers the advantage that the geometry of the cell is automatically adjusted when the description of one of the Functional Elements (e..POSEIDON ND 2.from Concept to Sizing Modeling of Transverse Members The cross section oriented geometry and topology of a plate will be defined with the help of a so-called 'cell'. Only permanent cells can be used for the description of transverse members. For all structural components in the ship’s transverse direction. The user can easily define permanent cells. then a transverse member overwrites a girder and a girder overwrites a simple stiffener. which describes the plate contour). by using the predefined temporary cells. Though cells are basic for the plate definition (each plate needs exactly one cell. Plate arrangement) have been entered.6. POSEIDON Tutorial 47 . • temporary cells are cells that are newly generated by POSEIDON for each actual cross section.: SHELL) changes. Requirements Main dimensions. Cells in POSEIDON are enclosed topological areas in a cross section. it is possible to define several of them (in a range of frames) with one statement.6 A Midship Section . POSEIDON distinguishes between various types of cells: • elementary cells are cells that enclose no other cells. there is also a generation hierarchy for transverse structural components in POSEIDON. To simplify the input. CE_n . Temporary cells are named CE_1 . They will be shown in the plot preview by moving the mouse pointer on it and serves the fast input of the geometry description of permanent cells.. • permanent cells are defined by the user and may enclose several elementary cells. If several components use the same frame position. 2. the cell generation is completely separate from the plate definition because the cells may also be used for the definition of tanks.

close the plot properties window by a click on the cross . For an easier input.2. a yellow ToolTip shows the name of the 'Temporary Cell' . Overwrite WF_1 (the meaning is: WebFrame_1) by FL_1 (Floorplate_1) and change the symmetry 48 POSEIDON Tutorial .1 'Transverse Web Plates Geom.6. please change the properties of the preview plot window by a right mouse click on it. In this display. of Cells in the Section Hull Structure.1. Please move the mouse pointer on the empty cell near the center line girder in the preview plot window.A Midship Section . Use the right mouse button to launch a Pop Up Menu and choose the command 'Insert permanent cell with geometry of CE_1' (see Figure 41). Choose 'Properties' from the shown pop up menu. The plot properties of every preview window can be individual adjusted by the user. here: 'CE_1'. A new window will be launched containing a proposal for the name of the permanent cell (see Figure 42). the cells for the description of the transverse members are created. The active cell will be shown red colored and if you stop the motion of the mouse pointer. Figure 39: Change preview plot properties by a right mouse click Choose the tab 'Cross Section' and change the option 'View on' from both to portside .1 Definition Now select the Menu Point 3. This name can be given at the user's choice or he accept POSEIDON's proposal.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND 2. Figure 40: Preview plot Properties Next.

(see Figure 42 and Figure 43) Then press the OK button. LG_02. POSEIDON Tutorial 49 . POSEIDON ND shows the definition of the cell in the input table. please try to change the input IB to Z=900 and see what happens in the preview.from Concept to Sizing from P to P+S. Figure 41: Definition of permanent cells. The new permanent cell FL_1 is described by the functional elements SHELL. For example. A half floor plate will be shown. Figure 42: Enter a name for a new cell. please redefine the input to IB because we need a complete floor plate in the example. IB and LG_00 (see Figure 44). If a new cell is defined. Figure 43: The new name FL_1. A new cell named FL_1 should be generated by POSEIDON. After that.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . It is possible to adjust the cell description by using other functional elements or coordinates.

Advice: Please note that a symmetry designation for each Functional Element in the cell description of FL_1 is given . the symmetry designation of the Functional Elements is important only in special cases.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND Figure 44: The Input to define the cell FL_1. ⇒ Define the other four cells of the bottom area in the same way. for instance for the explicit description of cells crossing the line of symmetry.which.A Midship Section . is always set to P (port side) . those which cross the line of symmetry and run from starboard to port or the other way around.although the cell is symmetric. the described Functional Elements which are located on the port side have to be given and also those located on the starboard and. in this case. 50 POSEIDON Tutorial . In such a case. Here. The result are 5 permanent cells named FL_1 up to FL_5. in particular.

Save your work . POSEIDON ND gives the user the possibility to sort the rows in the most input windows. that the input rows are not in order.from Concept to Sizing It may be. ⇒ Define the absent cells in the same way and compare to the list below. The cursor changes to a small black arrow. Now double click the left mouse button and the input rows will be sorted.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . Figure 46: Definition of cells of transverse web plates. Move the cursor on the header of the column 'Short Cut'. Figure 45: Sort the input by the column 'Short Cut'. POSEIDON Tutorial 51 .

6.2 Transverse Members Problem This section describes the definition of transverse members and the arrangement of plates. 52 POSEIDON Tutorial .6.2 Overview of all Cells The display of your definition of Cells should look like the following.1. stiffeners and holes.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND 2. which exist in the range of frame 76 to 184. cells' only. POSEIDON interpolates and generates the geometry at frames which are not described and automatically fits the cells for the transverse plates. The docking plates are located at every frame. although perhaps in a different order: Figure 47: Overview of cells at frame 154 2. The floors are located in the range of frame 76 to 184 symmetrical at every fourth frame.6. are defined. 2.1. The transverse plates for the previously defined cells are to be created. 140 and 150 one after the other in the display 'Show Transverse Member (Geometry)' and choose the hook 'perm. Requirements The cells.3 Automatically generated Cells Use the Show command and have a look at frame 60.A Midship Section .

which corresponds to a definition at every frame. enter 76 as First Frame No and 184 as Last Frame No . To define the other plates. The frame numbers indicate the range in which the transverse component is valid. The molded line (ML) is already lying correctly with Aft and material and symmetry designation can also be left as they are. This name is the name of the actual transverse floor plate. select the Menu Point Trans. This setting is generally useful for the input or changing of members.1 Plate arrangement A Midship Section . Figure 48: Definition of transverse plates. In this display. press the 'Toggle on / off' button . In this example. as needed. we will not make use of this. Enter the name FL1:76 in the first input field Short Cut. because it can otherwise occur that a component that was just defined will not be displayed. Select the cell WF_1 from the list that is offered.2.POSEIDON ND 2. since it is not defined at the current frame. independent of the frame on which they are defined. transverse members are defined by Short Cuts.2). overwrite the name of the Short Cut' and change the name of Cell proposed input row at each case. it is also possible to enter complicated definitions. The adjustment of the field Spacing follows as the last step. POSEIDON Tutorial 53 . to Last Frame No. This means that the component is defined on every frame from frame 76 to 184. but..2. The default-setting in the field Item is 1. Select the cell FL_1 by using the pull down menu of Cell and define the Spacing with a. Thereby. The default setting in this field is a. you can find exact instructions in the POSEIDON Reference Manual or in the Online Help function. Here. Define a new plate FL1:76.2 and enter 76 as Frame No. The geometry-description of a plate is done through the assignment of a cell. in the Define the transverse members according to values in the following table. the component is generated symmetrically on both sides. In the Section Hull Structure. In this field. The field Spacing is very flexible. Next. you define at which frames in the range from First Frame No. Web Plates Plates (Section3. Leave the a in this field.from Concept to Sizing ⇒ Switch to Section 3. Change the Spacing from a to 4a. the component is to exist. This means that all defined transverse members are shown. valid from frame 42 to 176.6.2. The assignment of the component to a cell is done by using the pull down menu of the field Cell.

The next two fields describe the starting point and the ending point of the stiffener. Change the proposed name into the new name of our example.g. which are given in chapter 2.2. LG_02-50 and SHELL+350 at End of Stiffener .4. enter 2 at n .3 'Stiffeners on Floors and Transverse Web Plates'. as well as at frame 79 (only every fourth frame).from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND your data.also at frame 80. In this example. additionally. 1100 at a and FB at the column Type . Compare your input values with the following figure again and save Figure 49: Input Table 'Floors and Transverse Web Plates at frame 76. By entering individual frame numbers in the field Frame No above (e.5.2. at frame 77. where a web plate is defined.2 Arrangement of Stiffeners on Transverse Members ⇒ Switch to the section 3. the definition line of the component is either shown in the input table or not. Compare also the gray colored plates in the preview plot at these frame numbers. 78 and 80). 2. Depending upon the frame number. The transverse stiffeners on LG_00. We do not use this "StandardAbbreviation“ in our example due the better way of 3D-description. give SHELL+350 for both fields of the column of z-coordinate (see Figure 50 ). Enter LG_00+50 and SHELL+350 at Start of Stiffener . Switch to the display of Stiffeners on Floors and Transverse Web Plates in Section 3. You will see that the components are defined at the first and the last frame of the range and. Check that the component is not defined at frame 77 and frame 78 (only FL1:76 is defined at every frame).A Midship Section .3. Use the 'Proposal Line' to choose FL_1:76 from the Short Cut pull down menu. Use the pull down menu of the column Short Cut and choose FL_1:76 to generate a new input line. names it WF_n and uses the proposed name in the Short Cut field. will be deleted by POSEIDON automatically at the frame numbers. have a look at the components. the temporary cells are shown as well.2. at every fourth frame in between . Now. 54 POSEIDON Tutorial . If such a cell is selected. POSEIDON ND automatically changes it into a permanent cell. The values of the y-coordinates LG_00+50 (Start of stiffener) and LG_02-50 (End of stiffener). the first stiffener should run parallel to SHELL at a distance of 350 mm from LG_00 to LG_02. Advice: When selecting cells by the pull down menu of the field Cell.6.

IB. Overwrite Item with 2.0. End of Stiffener at 270. End of Stiffener at L_3. Start of Stiffener with L_3.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . End of Stiffener with 270.IB. n as 2 and a as 855. n with 2 and a with 855. ⇒ Use the 'Proposal Line' and enter 2 in the column Item.0. Now you have created two stiffeners with a spacing of 855 mm between each other. define the coordinates Start of Stiffener at 270.0 . n as 2 and a as 900. Overwrite Item with 3-4. Choose FL_1:76 again from the pull down menu of the column Short Cut in the 'Proposal Line'. Choose C from the pull down menu of the column End Connection.SHELL+350. The field a defines the distance between the 2 stiffeners. which will be defined under section 3. Advice: The value lK reduces the free length of the longitudinal and will only be taken into account if the y-coordinate of the buckling stiffener is exactly the same as the y-coordinate of the longitudinal! POSEIDON Tutorial 55 . Figure 50: Input of the first stiffener on a transverse web plate. Now you have created the stiffeners of a Cut Out of a pipe duct. n with 2 and a with 900. Enter a 2 here.4 later. The value lK will be considered in the calculation of the dimensions of the longitudinal stiffeners. The molded line is already correctly filled out with MR.0. IB-350. Use the value 1100. Choose FL_2:76 from the pull down menu of the column Short Cut in the 'Proposal Line'. Start of Stiffener at L_3. This creates stiffeners on the web plate which are connected to the longitudinals.2. select flat bar . Use connected in the column End Connection. The field n gives the number of the stiffeners to be generated.from Concept to Sizing A Functional Element (+ value) can be selected in all input cells for the description of the coordinates of stiffeners.SHELL. End of Stiffener withL_3. ⇒ Use the 'Proposal Line' and enter of Item as 3-4. The column a describes the spacing. POSEIDON uses a copy of the previous line and you can change the values. Start of Stiffener with 270.SHELL.SHELL+350. In the field Type.IB-350.

A Midship Section . Save your work. With the help of the Short Cut. zoom in to see details.from Concept to Sizing Compare and complete your inputs with the following table. 56 POSEIDON Tutorial . POSEIDON ND Figure 51: Definition of stiffeners on transverse members It is noteworthy that no frame range can be entered in this display. Use the preview to have a look at your definitions. the stiffener is assigned to the transverse component of the same name and automatically contains the same range of validity as this one. Figure 52: Arrangement of the stiffeners on transverse web plates.

5L. R1=200. With both of the two values DY = 800 and DZ = 0. please enter the following data in the fields: Y-Pos: 720.3 Hole Arrangement A Midship Section . DY=800. DZ = 0.5L. It is possible to define different variants of cut outs. DY: 800. For the definition of the dimensions of the hole.5L denotes the center of the cell height. Create new input lines for holes by using the pull down menu of the column Short Cut and enter the values according to the data in the following figure: Figure 53: Definition of Cut Outs on transverse web plates. Z-Pos : 0. Z=0. Please press the F1 function key to learn more about the definition of different cut outs. Switch to the section 3. Choose FL_1:76 in the column Short Cut this is the name of the associated transverse component.2. DZ: 1000 and R1: 200.4 'Hull Structure Transverse Web Plates Holes and Cut Outs'.4 'Holes & Cut Outs. The value R1 define the radius of all four edges of the cut out. the middle of the hole is defined.2. if the values R1.from Concept to Sizing ⇒ Switch to the section 3. DZ=1000.5L.6.2. Use the 'Proposal Line' and enter the name of the Short Cut FL_1:76 and the dimensions Y=720. The two following values establish the width (DY) and the height (DZ) of the hole.POSEIDON ND 2. R2 and R3 are defined with 0. POSEIDON Tutorial 57 .

from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND Use Plot button to take a look at the results of your input. for example at frame 76.A Midship Section . Figure 54: Arrangement of holes and cut outs on transverse members Save your work! 58 POSEIDON Tutorial .

If there are cut-outs defined in the cell boundary.7. ⇒ Choose the Menu Point 4. Use the 'Proposal Line' and enter TK_1P in the column Short Cut . 2.1 Tanks For the geometry definition of tanks three different methods with their own benefits and purposes are available: • The compartment method is for complex tanks with different cross-sections over its length due to Functional Elements which cause different cell arrangements in the X-Extension. The third is rarely used but selfexplanatory.from Concept to Sizing Design Criteria or Loads All different loads or load combinations have an influence on the later sizing in accordance with the GL Rules. where no enclosed area exists. click the right mouse button and choose “Insert permanent cell with geometry of CE_n” from the launched popup window (See Figure 55). Design Criteria/Loads in the POSEIDON Menu and select Compartments. highlight the starting cell on the port side. An elementary cell inside the tank is selected by right clicking in the preview plot and choosing “Insert tank with cell…”. The compartment border will be highlighted in dark blue. The launched dialog box asks for the new name. Another possibility is by choosing in the “Comp.7. • The manual method is used for special descriptions such as open holds. 2. • The cell method is for tanks which have a constant hull shape and continuous Functional Elements in the tank area at all X-Positions. Requirements There are no special requirements.Name” column the corresponding cell out of the select box. The “Comp. Such tanks are defined with the help of the menu Compartments.1 Tank Description with Compartments (Compartment method) The tanks on the port side will be described in our example by using compartments. even when this is not necessary given a simple contour and continuous Functional Elements which guarantee an identical cell arrangement over the entire X-Extension. the tank is automatically extended to the next watertight longitudinal.POSEIDON ND 2.Name” column is left empty and the Design Criteria is assigned manually to the plates where the pressure is to be considered. loads are associated to plates and stiffeners. The first two descriptions will be followed in the next chapters. POSEIDON Tutorial 59 .7 Problem A Midship Section . By using Design Criteria. the active cell area in light blue.1.

This will usually happen in the fore.A Midship Section .and aft-ship areas. At every changed cell arrangement due to the ending or beginning of functional elements. you have to name the point of change in the X-Extension and repeat the description process for a new valid range of cell arrangements until the end of compartment is reached. (the end of the compartment in this example). Note: Due to the parallel ship body in this example the main benefit of compartments are not highlighted as it should be. Enter 302 in the column Frame No. Figure 56: Completed Compartment 60 POSEIDON Tutorial .from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND Figure 55: Choosing cells to arrange the compartment Repeat the process with the next cells in the intended tank area according to Figure 56 and exit after completing the last column with the down arrow.

POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . Use the ‘copy’-button in the upper task line to copy the compartment TK_2P to TK_3S. click the right mouse button and choose “Insert permanent cell with geometry of CE_n” from the launched popup window as before. Click ‘Yes’ or if you are not quite sure cancel this process and save your data before you proceed in the same way. Select the compartment TK_2P as shown in the figure before. Figure 58: Copy button of upper task line The following warning for deleting the ‘Undo-buffer’ will be launched. highlight the cell on the port side.from Concept to Sizing Move the mouse pointer to the Preview Plot and see the highlighted cell that belongs to the Compartment TK_1P shown in the ToolTip by holding the pointer for a moment over the defined compartment (see Figure 56). Figure 59: Warning window POSEIDON Tutorial 61 . See Figure 57. Figure 57: Completed compartments for the starboard side ⇒ Copy the last compartment TK_2P to the starboard side and name it TK_3S. End the compartment description by leaving the line with the down arrow and enter 302 as ending frame in the column Frame No. ⇒ Generate the next compartment for the port wing tank! Use the 'Proposal Line' and change ‘TK_1P’ into ‘TK_2P’ in the column Short Cut .

Figure 62: Tank description with the help of compartments. See next figure. Name and choose ‘Comp:TK_1P’.from Concept to Sizing Change the following mask according to the entries of Figure 60 and hit ‘Ok’. 62 POSEIDON Tutorial . ⇒ Switch to Section 4. Tanks and use the compartments to describe the tanks.2. POSEIDON ND Figure 60: Compartment dialog box for symmetry and destination Figure 61: Completed compartments Check your display for the new compartments with the Figure 61 and save your data.A Midship Section . Click the select box in the column Comp. Leave the line with the down arrow.

the bulkhead LB_2 and the inner bottom and be located on the port side. Note: Self extending to watertight longitudinal boundaries is only automatically done when holes and cut-outs are defined ! POSEIDON Tutorial 63 .00 will be calculated by POSEIDON.1. The temporary cells of the cross section should be red if you move your mouse pointer over them (if not. one permanent cell and the corresponding Tank TK_4S. All values with 0. Different values are only needed. Rename the proposal TK_1 to TK_4S and press the OK button (see Figure 65). the deck DK_6. Check your display for the tanks with the Figure 63 and save Note: your data.Aft / Forward and Height of overflow will be calculated by the given main dimensions.2 Tank Description with Cells (Cell method) The last missing tank on our starboard side should be described in this example with the use of the cell method to demonstrate the self-extending capability of cells when holes and cut-outs are defined on longitudinal members.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . set the preview plot properties to 'default'). Figure 63: Completed tank description with compartments in this section.7. the SHELL. Activate the first cell beside the pipe duct and press the right mouse button. except pv which must be given for cargo tanks. This will be fixed automatically after the calculation in the next step. 2. if cargo tanks (Tanker) are defined. Your tank no. The geometry of the 'Tank 4' is now defined by using the newly created permanent Cell TK_4S. 4 should be limited by the longitudinal girder LG_02. The default input of the Medium is Ballast. Frame No. Choose 'Insert tank with cell CE_n' from the pop up menu (see Figure 64). Some items such as the symmetry in this mask seem to be incorrect. Move the mouse pointer over the 'Preview Plot'. The other parameter Rho. The window 'Enter name for new cell' will be shown. ⇒ Generate with the help of the 'Preview Plot'.from Concept to Sizing Repeat this procedure for the next tanks and use ‘Comp:TK_2P’ and ‘Comp:TK_3S’ instead.

Move the mouse pointer to the Preview Plot and see the name Tank 4 in the ToolTip by holding the pointer for a moment over the defined tank (see Figure 66).from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND Figure 64: Choose the cell for the tank description. Figure 66: The ToolTip shows the Tank No. 64 POSEIDON Tutorial . Note: If the tank is deleted. the cell TK_4S will not automatically be deleted with it. Figure 65: Renaming of the temporary cell.A Midship Section .

1 to 4 will be calculated later during the sizing in accordance with the GL Rules for the design loads for tank structures.from Concept to Sizing 2. then press the Calc button Figure 67: Tanks marked for calculation.1. The input of a corrected free length is only needed for partially filled tanks (cargo tanks). The load assignment happens automatically! POSEIDON Tutorial 65 . POSEIDON automatically sets the symmetry description. Mark all lines of tanks to be calculated in the input table by pressing the ‘Ctrl’-button on the keyboard while holding dump the left mouse button. The tank dimensions for all tanks will be automatically calculated.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . you now have possibility to calculate the edge points and the expansion of the liquid surface at frame 154. The plates and stiffeners which lie in or on Tank No. Figure 68: Definition of tanks. According to the position of the "capture cell“ or compartment. Compare your results with Figure 68.7.3 Calculation of generated Tanks With the Calc command.

Save your work! 2.2 Design Criteria Stillwater Bending Moments and Shear Forces ⇒ Switch to Section 4.A Midship Section .from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND Figure 69: Tanks according to both methods. 66 POSEIDON Tutorial . Default values will be provided resulting from GL Construction Rules. The values will be interpolated linearly.7. Here you may enter stillwater values at selected locations along the ship’s length.5.1 Choose the menu point Design Criteria/Tanks in the POSEIDON ND TreeView and select Hull Girder Bending Stillwater.

shear force and torsional moment curves will be shown in the preview plot of the input window. according to the GL Rules (part 1. As you have not entered any own values so far. Check your vessel by pressing the 3D Geometry.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section .7*L the maximum and minimum stillwater bending moments and shear forces are calculated. you can see the standard values. The bending moment. button for POSEIDON Tutorial 67 . shear forces and torsional moments. chapter 1. section 5).3*L and 0. At 0. Close all subordinate windows and save your work.from Concept to Sizing Figure 70: Input mask for stillwater bending moments. They are given relative to scantling length L.

With the diMens command. Beginning with their definition.1. POSEIDON performs a sizing in several iteration steps.8.A Midship Section . .1 Sizing of all Members at Frame 154 in accordance with the GL Rules ⇒ Switch to Section 3. 68 POSEIDON Tutorial .8 Problem Sizing of a Transverse Section Generation. The diMens command automatically carries out all steps necessary for sizing. are internally taken into consideration.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND 2. Presetting the dimensions of plates and profiles. Members with preset dimensions are retained during the process. Requirements The transverse section is described with Functional Elements. stiffeners and holes. 2. named: 'Determine Scantlings at the actual Figure 71: Predefined members in the upper Flange of the vessel. plates. The loads exist. tank load. etc. Design criteria / loads have been entered and checked. the members incrementally approach the dimensions which finally conform to the requirements of the GL Rules. assists the program to fulfill the longitudinal Stillwater Bending Moment and Shear Force criteria (see Figure 71). a buckling check will be performed. inner bottom load.2. Press the dimens button frame'. it is possible to size all members (longitudinal and transverse) of the current frame in accordance with GL Rules. sizing and display of the members of the transverse section. In this. all of the sizing criteria from cargo. At last. shell load. for example in the upper flange area. Save the data.

from Concept to Sizing The dimensioning calculation is completely documented in the POSEIDON INFOFILE. Have a look at INFOFILE in the bottom area of the main window of POSEIDON ND and compare the values. moments etc. or the hook stiffener dim. If you see any red colored member. then the dimension does not meet the requirements of the GL Rules. Possible error messages or warnings for each calculated plate or stiffener will be reported there. and activate the POSEIDON Tutorial 69 . Section values like section moduli. are written at the end of the POSEIDON INFOFILE. Get a detailed overview about the calculated scantlings by pressing the plot button hook plates dim. Figure 72: Summary of scantling results at frame 154 Scroll through the INFOFILE to see the reported messages or warnings and errors during the sizing.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . Figure 73: Colored preview of the dimensioned cross section. The preview shows a colored plot of the section.

The values are calculated according to the rules of the Germanischer Lloyd.9.1 Stresses for Deck and Bottom Structures ⇒ Switch to section 5. the Y. but it is possible to change the values manually. the distance of the neutral axis above base line. Requirements The structure has been defined and sized. Cs factors according the GL Rules the actual Cs factors.3.and Zcoordinates of the top of continuous strength member.1 'Results TreeView of POSEIDON ND. These are the vertical moment of inertia.9 Problem Permissible Stillwater Values Check of stillwater values and section moduli resulting from the sizing of the structure. 2.1 'Results Hull Girder Bending stillwater bending moments and shear stresses. BM and SF (output)' to check the permissible Figure 75: Permissible stillwater values 70 POSEIDON Tutorial . Choose Section 5. Check bending and shear stresses and resulting permissible stillwater bending moments and shear forces. the Z-coordinate of the bottom. Figure 74: Input mask for necessary values to calculate permissible stillwater values Switch to section 5. k-factors of the top and the bottom area. the permissible bending stresses / shear forces and the actual / required section moduli at the deck and the bottom. Hull Girder Bending Section Moduli BM and SF (input)' in the The editable lists the input values for the calculation of the stillwater values.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND 2.3. the maximum shear stress for a unitary shear force of 1 kN (per kN Shear Force).A Midship Section .3.

POSEIDON has terminated the sizing of a part of an element or of a plate.B. POSEIDON has automatically supplied the tank and outer shell plates with the correct design criteria.indicates substantially too small (inadequate) dimensions (red colored background).symbol (green colored background). often caused by an improper input. The plate thickness is rounded to 0. An overview about the results of the sized cross section will be shown.1 Correction of the Transverse Section ⇒ Switch to Section 5. Sizing of the members so that the bending stress requirements of the transverse section are fulfilled. POSEIDON Tutorial 71 .1. 154 (longitudinal plates). Plates' in the POSEIDON TreeView. If # . Section 5. Here the applied design criteria and longitudinal stresses (acc. Figure 76: Results of the cross section at fr.from Concept to Sizing Assessment of the results of a Transverse Section Interpretation of the calculated dimensions and the applied load criteria.is displayed. because of buckling problem. The symbol ++ indicates that the required dimensions are greatly exceeded (blue colored background).5 mm in accordance with the GL Rules and combined with a + or .10.10 Problem A Midship Section . the sized dimensions lie within the tolerances. Requirements The members have been generated and sized. If + or .symbols (magenta colored background) are displayed in the column Assessment. -.1 of the GL Rules) are given for each part. Choose the Menu Point 'Results Hull Cross Section Long.POSEIDON ND 2. 2.

With the All lines on/off command . Figure 78: Result list for each subdivision. button. It is also possible to click the to get the results of the subdivisions for one member (see Figure 78). which is the used result. 72 POSEIDON Tutorial . The header line shows the worst case of all subdivisions of a plate. you can observe that POSEIDON has subdivided the plates according to stiffener spacing. POSEIDON ND shows the calculated plate dimensions in a plot Figure 77: Calculated results for each plate field. press the OK button to copy the calculated scantlings to section 3 of POSEIDON ND. A sizing is effected for every subdivision. This is also necessary for the transverse members.A Midship Section . If all dimensions are acceptable.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND After pressing the window.

To check the calculated scantlings of SHELL Plate D. Check the values and try to understand the input. it is possible to button again.2 Duplicate calculations in the GL Rules program ⇒ Switch to the GL Rules program by using the tab GL-Rules of the TreeView. subdivision 1 for example and press the button again. 2. After a calculation command . If you want to try some variations of the structure to decrease the actual scantlings. change the white backgrounded values in the result list and press the Change the frame spacing a=855 to a=800 of SHELL Plate D. You can see.9 mm for this subdivision.10. Figure 79: Detailed result protocol of the shell plate D. POSEIDON Tutorial 73 .from Concept to Sizing A click on the button leads to the sizing only for this part and will show a detailed protocol of this process in the INFOFILE (see Figure 79). that this change results in a lower plate thickness of 17. the applied input values of the actual subdivision are now in the memory and it is possible to check them very detailed or to calculate some variations in the GL Rules program. choose Section 6.1 of the GL Rules program 'Shell Plating bottom plating and flat plate keel'. subdivision1. Please restore the original frame spacing a=855 and recalculate the values.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . Part 1.

Ti1 (tank pressure of tank1. In our example. The output is shown in the INFOFILE and can be printed by pressing the printer button beside the result file button.A Midship Section . Figure 80: GL Rules TreeView Figure 81: GL Rules input / result mask (bottom plating). Switch back to POSEIDON and save your work. Section 6 (shell plating) and Section 12 (tank structures). Choose Section 6. The SHELL Plate D is calculated by the design criteria S (bottom pressure). member in tank) and a buckling check was performed for any subdivision of this plate.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND Switch to the GL Rules program by using the tab GL-Rules of the TreeView.1 of the GL Rules TreeView. 74 POSEIDON Tutorial . If you want to realize a variation of the structure. Check the results in Section 3 (buckling). Any variations in the result part of POSEIDON (Section5) or in the GL RULES program take no effect on the accepted / stored results. it has to be made in Section 3 of POSEIDON 'Step by Step by hand'! It is possible to create a GL Rules result file by pressing the result-file button. we check the results of the criterion shell plating. All input values agree with the values used for the calculation in POSEIDON.

This allows an identification of the relevant loadcases considering aspects of dimensioning. LC SWmax SWmin vertical shear force horizontal shear force torsional moment stillwater wave load St.from Concept to Sizing 2.6.g. In addition the advanced user obtains a powerful tool for the evaluation of the results (e.3 Result lists for all Longitudinal Plates and Stiffeners ⇒ Switch to 5.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . stillwater min. in the Poseidon main menu and choose Shear stress. buckling or fatigue. The abbreviations according to the GL-Rules valid for Figure 82 are: • • • • • • • • • • QV QH MTor SW Wave St. A complete summary of the Shear stresses TauL and Normal Stresses SigmaL as well as a summary table for all stresses due to hullgirder loads according to section 5 of the GL-Rules will be generated for the actual calculated frame 154. Venant Warping loadcase acc. Warp. stress plots). to section 5 of GL-Rules max.V. This will be shown later on. Figure 82: Result table and detailed overview for Shear stresses TauL of all components.10. stillwater POSEIDON Tutorial 75 .

76 POSEIDON Tutorial . For the shell plate F. stresses for buckling evaluation max. for example. stress range due to hullgirder loads (LC3 multiplied with ff for fatigue) mean stress due to hullgirder loads Please note that As you can see in Figure 83 the table for the normal stress contains additional information. stresses for calculation of scantlings max. The abbreviations according to the GL-Rules valid for Figure 83 are: • • • • • • MSW MWV MWH MTor DeltaSig Mean vertical stillwater bending moment vertical wave bending moment horizontal wave bending moment torsional moment max. the maximum stresses for scantling calculation are represented in red in loadcase ‘LC3 a’ in combination with the maximum Stillwater ‘SW max’.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND Figure 83: Result table and detailed overview for Normal stresses SigmaL of all items. Advice: When the maximum stresses of stress evaluation and buckling evaluation belong to the same loadcase the result will be colored blue. the maximum stresses for the buckling evaluation are represented in blue in loadcase ‘LC2 b’ in combination with the maximum stillwater ‘SW max’ and the maximum stresses for the fatigue evaluation are represented dashed in loadcase ‘LC3 a’ in combination with the minimum stillwater ‘SW min’. See Figure 83. stresses for fatigue evaluation (ff for fatigue is considered) With this additional information you can easily identify the loadcase relevant for your special evaluation. The stresses marked in: • • • Red Blue Dashed max.A Midship Section .

Switch to 5.1.2.1 and use the ‘Show’ command in the end of the line for Shell plate D: Figure 85: Use of the result list for plot purposes.from Concept to Sizing Figure 84: Detailed summary of stresses for each item. All the stresses of the shown result tables can be plotted within the menu points 5. D of the Rules utilization factor SQRT(Sig²+3*Tau²)/ (190/k)) max.(global) US SigV Buckling (global) local bending stress due to sea pressure at shell combination of local bending stress due to sea pressure and tank pressure local bending stress due to tank pressure or cargo deck load SigmaL and TauL acc. Fatigue (incl.local) Min stress.1 and 5. max stress. Additional abbreviations according to the GL-Rules valid in the stress summary table are: • • • • • • • PS PS+PT PT/PC Dim. POSEIDON Tutorial 77 .1. ⇒ Plot as one example the Shear Stress Distribution of loadcase ‘LC1a max’.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section .D and section 5. mean stress and stress range (Delta) for fatigue analysis due to hullgirder and local loads. stresses of buckling evaluation acc. section 5.C 7. section 5.1.

Figure 86: Dialog box for plotting of results.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND Select the point ‘Stresses. Pressure’ to activate the select box for stresses in the launched popup window. See Figure 86.A Midship Section . Figure 87: Plot of the Shear stresses according to loadcase LC1a max 78 POSEIDON Tutorial . Choose ‘TauL LC1a max’ and hit the ‘Ok’-button to plot the chosen stress distribution.

POSEIDON Tutorial 79 . if ‘use special probability level’ is hooked.from Concept to Sizing 2.10. The lifetime analysis has been done in conjunction with the sizing calculation using default values for the probability level in accordance to GL-Rules ⇒ Switch in the Poseidon main menu to section 1. The provided ‘Lifetime in years’ and the sea conditions ‘Days per year at sea’ and ‘Waveperiod’ can be changed to your project requirements.1 General Data and choose the Options-tab. Additionally the ‘actual detail category’ can be plotted as shown in the next sections.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . Requirements The scantlings of longitudinal members have been determined and the actual detail category has been applied for every plate and stiffener. The next figure shows the ‘Probability Level’ in the ‘Options’-tab. The default values can be modified.1 General Data The following values have been calculated during the sizing process and can be plotted for the evaluation of the lifetime: • Predicted lifetime • Required detail category • Usage factor detail category.4 Evaluation of lifetime Problem Evaluating a lifetime analysis for longitudinal plates and stiffeners using the actual detail categories according to Section 20 Fatigue Strength of GL-Rules. Figure 88: Options card in Poseidon main menu 1.

Plates and right mouse click to launch the popup dialog box.4.1 Lifetime of longitudinal plates ⇒ Switch in the Poseidon main menu to section 5.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND 2.10.1 Long. Figure 90: Plot properties for the result preview window.1. Choose ‘Properties’ and the next dialog box will be launched (See Figure 90).)’ and hook ‘plates’ as seen in Figure 90.A Midship Section . Choose first the point ‘Detail Category (req. The required detail category calculated by POSEIDON ND is shown in Figure 91. Figure 89: Result preview plot. 80 POSEIDON Tutorial .

POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . You can see the actual detail categories for each plate in Figure 92. Figure 92: Actual detail categories for the plates as ‘intended or built’ The next step is to compare the required with the actual values for detail category. section 20. The calculated usage factor is given in Figure 93.2 Plate Arrangement’. POSEIDON takes default values ( 80 for plates ). POSEIDON Tutorial 81 . In our example all actual values are above the required values. chapter 1. If no detail category is given in table ‘3. The actual detail categories are to be taken in accordance to GL-Rules.from Concept to Sizing Figure 91: Required Detail Categories for the plates according to calculation. See Figure 91 and Figure 92.1.

This is OK. but what to do if values are not sufficient? In this case the scantlings or the design has to be changed.0 and the ‘Lifetime’ is over 50 years.3.1 on page 26. Figure 94: Calculated Lifetime for plates. 82 POSEIDON Tutorial .A Midship Section . the ‘Usage’ is below 1.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND Figure 93: Usage calculated with the actual detail category The predicted lifetime is finally seen in Figure 94. Please refer to the section 2.5. In this example the ‘actual detail categories’ are above the required.

choose ‘Detail Category (req. If no detail category is given in table ‘3. section 20.2 Lifetime of longitudinal stiffeners ⇒ Change the ‘Plot Properties’ as in the section before.5.from Concept to Sizing 2.)’. unhook the ‘Plates’ and hook the ‘Profiles’ as shown in Figure 95.3. POSEIDON takes default values as described before in section 2. Figure 96: Required Detail Categories for profiles of frame 154. POSEIDON Tutorial 83 . The actual detail categories are to be taken in accordance to GL-Rules.4. chapter 1.10.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . Figure 95: Plot Properties The procedure is exactly the same as in the last section ‘Lifetime of longitudinal plates’.’.1.3 on page 34. POSEIDON has calculated the ‘required detail categories’ in accordance to the given design values.3 Stiffener Arrgmt.

95. Another view to the Usage factor in the figure below shows that the side tank is the critical in this area. The highest values are 0. Figure 98: Usage of the actual detail category of profiles 84 POSEIDON Tutorial .from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND Figure 97: Actual Detail Categories for profiles of frame 154 The comparison of Figure 96 and Figure 97 turns out that all ‘actual detail categories’ are above the ‘required detail categories’.A Midship Section .

A close look at Figure 97 shows that the proposal for the ‘Actual detail category’ in the passage way is 80. See Figure 99 for the green values on the longitudinal stiffeners on the shell in the side tank area. because the stiffeners of the web plate are not connected with the longitudinal stiffeners.from Concept to Sizing The minimum predicted Lifetime is 25 years. Figure 100: Passage way without connection of web stiffeners POSEIDON Tutorial 85 . The results show the sensitivity of longitudinal profiles.POSEIDON ND A Midship Section . especially the local design at cross sections where web-/bulkhead plates and their stiffeners have to be connected. Figure 99: Calculated Lifetime for the profiles of frame 154 For this example the lifetime design seems to be acceptable on the first view. See Figure 100.

86 POSEIDON Tutorial .3 in this ‘Tutorial’.A Midship Section . See Figure 103. The ‘flat bar’ is connected to the longitudinal bulbous profile as seen in the opened select box without any bracket. Figure 103: Double Bottom with connected heel stiffener and shown ‘actual detail category’ Please reference to previous section 2. Figure 101: Side tank with connected heel stiffener The figure below shows the description of the floor plate stiffeners in ‘3. with respect to used bulbous profiles connected with heel stiffener and integrated bracket and additional backing bracket. Figure 102: Stiffeners on floor plates The proposal for the actual detail category is therefore 56.3.3 Stiffeners’ in the double bottom. section 20. chapter 1.5.2. For details see GL-Rules.from Concept to Sizing POSEIDON ND The proposal for the actual detail category in the side tank region is 63.

1 New shell description at Frame 68 and 76 ⇒ Use F6 or the right mouse button to generate another SHELL element at frame 76 and frame 68. For this purpose. change the coordinates according to the following figure: Figure 104: additional definitions of the Functional Element SHELL Save your work! POSEIDON Tutorial 87 . Switch to section 3. place the cursor on the Functional Element SHELL and activate the line. partly with altered hull shape.1 'Functional Elements'. Further frames. Now. POSEIDON has established a new line for the element SHELL and assumes the shape of frame 154. Adjust the shape representation of frame 76 corresponding to the following figure. and press the OK Button.. Close the new input by clicking the minus button . 3.POSEIDON ND 3 Problem Generation of a Further Transverse Section Generation of a Further Transverse Section Definition of Functional Element SHELL on further frames to realize the hull shape. In the newly opened window. Use the (F6) function key or the right mouse button. Save the data.1. enter 76 as the Frame No. Now the parallel midship is defined between the frames 76 and 154 because the coordinates between these two frames are exactly the same. Repeat the same procedure again and enter 68 in the field Frame No. are to be established.

Generation of a Further Transverse Section

POSEIDON ND

3.2

Automatically generated Frame Shapes
to show the interpolated cross sections at frame 68 and 72.

⇒ Use the plot button

Check the cross section at frame 68 with the Show command. POSEIDON has accepted the new frame shape and all other elements. It interpolates and generates the geometry at frames which are not explicitly described. Since all associations of Functional Elements with the shell are used as a reference, the geometry of the Functional Elements automatically conforms to the altered shape.

Figure 105: View of the new transverse section after definition of the Functional Element SHELL at frame 68. Check also the other cross sections between frame 68 and 76 with the Show command.

POSEIDON now supports the creation of interpolated Functional Elements. For this, activate one input line of the Functional Element SHELL and press the right mouse button. Change the Frame No. to 68 and activate the hook Interpolate in the pop up window 'New Functional Element'. After pressing the OK button, an interpolated shell contour will be created. This is also possible for all other Functional Elements. It is not necessary to input a lot of frames, because POSEIDON ND can interpolate automatically between two defined frames. The more the contour of a Functional Element changes, the more input definition is needed. Save your work!

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POSEIDON Tutorial

POSEIDON ND
3.3

Generation of a Further Transverse Section

Definition of a cross section with new structural information

⇒ Description of a cross section at the end of the hold (frame 76)
Now generate a cross section at the end of the hold, at frame 76. Therefore aft of frame 76 the decks DK_1 and DK_2 must be defined non-stop from centerline to the shell. The definition of the coaming starts at frame number 75. You still are in section 3.1.1 'Longitudinal Members Functional Elements'. Activate the functional element DK_1 and press the F6 function key. Overwrite Frame No. with 76 and F/A with F in the 'New Functional Element' mask. Press OK and use the button of the input table to accept the values. Now repeat the process and enter F/A with A. Overwrite the Y - value of the first point with 0.0 in the input table and close the input by using . Use the same procedure to create DK_2. The coaming CO_1 and the coaming top CO_2 has to be defined in the same manner. The values are listed in the figure below.

Figure 106: new topologic definition at frame 75/76. (without options) to see the geometry in a 3D view (see Figure 107) or the Press the 3D button plot button to check the cross section (see Figure 106).

POSEIDON Tutorial

89

Generation of a Further Transverse Section

POSEIDON ND

Figure 107: 3D geometry (clipped, above), Figure 108: view on geometry at fr. 76 A+F (below).

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POSEIDON Tutorial

It is also possible to activate all Functional Elements by pressing the button ALL. Choose the value 154 in Frame No.76. POSEIDON Tutorial 91 . Switch to the section 3. Figure 110: Choose DK_1 and DK_2 from dialog. the new dialog window 'Copy Functional Elements' will be launched. Figure 109: Dialog 'Copy members' After that. Correct the x-Start value -9 for the items DK_1 and DK_2 into 76. Then press OK. The frame 76 will be displayed by using the Frame No. where the original plate description is made with the XExtension from -9 to 302. 154.1.2 'Longitudinal Members Plate Arrangement'. The new input for DK_1 and DK_2 in the X-Extension in between frame -9 and 76 will be displayed in the mask ‘Plate Arrangement’ on frame -9. and hit Return on the keyboard.4 Generation of a Further Transverse Section Fitting the Plate and Stiffener Arrangement to the changed cross section ⇒ Generate the new plate arrangement at DK_1 and DK_2 on fr. Use the Copy button and overwrite the field x-Start of Destination in the dialog 'Copy members of FrameNo 154 (F)' with -9 and the field x-End of Destination with 76.POSEIDON ND 3. Select the Functional Elements DK_1 and DK_2 and press OK.

DK_2 is changed analogous but only one time.1. Use the same procedure for the longitudinal stiffeners in the input mask Longitudinal Stiffener Arrangement (Section 3. Figure 112: Stiffener arrangement in the X-Extension between frame -9 and 76 When you have copied and entered the changes of the plates and stiffeners according to Figure 111 and Figure 112 fix the long list of warnings in the Info bar with a right mouse click and choose from the launched pop up display ‘Clear’. 92 POSEIDON Tutorial . make three line copies for each item DK_1 and DK_2.1.2 at fr.Generation of a Further Transverse Section POSEIDON ND Complete the input mask Plate Arrangement according to the data in the following figure by using the line copy function. Change the values given as an excerpt of the input mask. Control your entries with the help of the following figure: Figure 111: Corrected input of section 3. view forward with highlighted deck plate. Mark the item DK_1 and press two times ‘F6’. then fill in the changed data.3). -9.

Save your work. Zoom the applicable deck area in the plot window to get a closer view. POSEIDON Tutorial 93 .POSEIDON ND Generation of a Further Transverse Section Control your work by using the plot button and click in the launched popup window the hook for plate and for stiffener dimension. Figure 113: Plot window with zoomed deck area of DK_1 and DK_2.

1! Each component can be assigned to one or more bulkheads. This can temporary be accepted due to the fact that the Bulkhead cells will be described later on. These Functional Elements for bulkheads are not the same as Functional Elements defined in section 3.1. 4.1 'Transverse Bulkheads values in the grid of the input line: Overview' from the TreeView. Note: The cells in Figure 114 above are marked in red.: 76 and A Functional Element: BF_1 (Bulkhead Functional Element) Cell: BC_1 (Bulkhead Cell) Figure 114: Definition of bulkhead components. the shell and the longitudinal members at this frame have been entered. One cell description (definition of geometry) can be assigned by different components (Functional Elements) of different bulkheads. Also the view on F+A causes overlapping plates and profiles due to both description on frame 76.3.1 Description of Bulkhead components ⇒ Generation of functional elements. Enter the following Bulkhead Name: BHD1 Frame No. It is possible to share one cell description (definition of geometry) by several plate definitions. assignment of geometry data and assignment of a frame number A definition of a bulkhead in POSEIDON is a composition of several components (Functional Elements).A Transverse Bulkhead at Frame 76 POSEIDON ND 4 Problem A Transverse Bulkhead at Frame 76 Definition of a three-piece watertight transverse bulkhead at frame 76. Select Section 3. Requirements The principal dimensions. The geometry information for a component is given by one or more cell descriptions. 94 POSEIDON Tutorial . the frame table.

switch to Section 3.2. ⇒ Define the transverse coaming plate in section 3.3 and define the stiffeners.1 and define the cell between DK_1. overwrite the value BC_1 of Cell by BC_2 and leave. Web Plates' as Switch to Section 3. Control your work with the plot preview! Figure 115: Preview Plot for the transverse coaming POSEIDON Tutorial 95 .POSEIDON ND In the proposal line A Transverse Bulkhead at Frame 76 .2 'Hull Structure described in chapter 2.6 'Modeling of Transverse Members'. After that. because stiffeners and girders will be defined later by using the Functional Elements.2. Save your work and close all child windows. The transverse coaming plate will be defined in section 3.2. Trans. CO_1 and CO_2 as permanent cell COA_1.2 and define a plate CO_1:76. The reason is the calculation according to GL-Rules.Choose the design criteria Ae (superstructure aftend bulkhead) and CO (coaming). the water pressure for the bulkhead (without the collision bulkhead) is defined to a level 1m above bulkhead deck and would cause faulty results. Then switch to Section 3. (see the following table) Note: The cells used by one Functional Element have to be defined in the same plane. Web Plates The advanced user will be a little disturbed to define this plate in the section Transverse Web Plates. So we have defined the bulkhead (BHD1) by one Functional Elements (BF_1) and two cell descriptions.2 Transv.

3. Figure 116: Definition of the bulkhead cell BC_1. Generate the geometry for the cell BC_2 in the same manner (see the following table): 96 POSEIDON Tutorial . Now you have generated the geometry and topology of a bulkhead component between center line. Switch to Section 3. deck DK_6. along a given longitudinal Functional Element. Use the pull down menu of the ⇒ Generation of the geometrical and topological information of the bulkhead components. Fill in the values of the following table by using the pull down menus of the input window and describe the corners of the cell BC_1. longitudinal girder LB_2.2 Geometry of Cells for Bulkheads Geometry of Cells'.A Transverse Bulkhead at Frame 76 POSEIDON ND 4. longitudinal girder LB_1 and deck DK_2. For all points the column X relative to Xref [mm] contains 0. inner bottom.0. because of the component is defined on the X plane of the defined frame number 76. The input value 3 in LT (Line Type) defines the connection of an edge (given by straight line between two points).2 'Trans. Bulkheads proposal line and select the cell BC_1.

Next choose the needed cell BC_1 from Cell . To define the next part. Create the further plates in the same manner by using the following table. Now you have defined a transverse bulkhead with three bulkhead plates (only two cells) and one transverse plate for the transverse coaming. Enter 13.0 and 8. Bulkheads Plates' Choose BF_1 from the pull down menu of Functional Element. Figure 117: Input mask for plates at transverse bulkheads. Now you have created the first part of plating by using geometry of the cell BC_1. All other values can be left on default.3 A Transverse Bulkhead at Frame 76 Plate Arrangement ⇒ Generation of the plates with thickness of 12. The default input of the column Design Criteria is WT (watertight) . use the AUTO command in Start of Plate. but choose BH= from the pull down menu of End of Plate and enter the value 5380.0.3 'Trans.3.0 in column t (thickness). but it can be changed by the user. if required. 10. POSEIDON Tutorial 97 .POSEIDON ND 4.0 Switch to section 3. Do not change the value in Start of Plate .

to P. Switch to Section 3. Enter n with 2 and a with 720. Figure 118: The input mask for stiffeners at transverse bulkheads. ⇒ Definition of the vertical stiffening at bulkhead BHD1 with HP-profiles. 98 POSEIDON Tutorial . The definition of the following two stiffeners starts at L_1 with a spacing of 720mm. Choose the Functional Element BF_1. on right input cell IB (Start of Stiffener) and 0 and DK_1 in the second row of this column (End of Stiffener). Figure 119: Preview Plot of the bulkhead stiffeners.4 'Trans. between the inner bottom and DK_1. to P+S. Note: See the highlighted stiffeners of the second line Figure 118 blue coloured in Figure 119.IB . Change the column Sym.A Transverse Bulkhead at Frame 76 POSEIDON ND 4.3. Change Item to CL and the column Sym. Bulkheads The stiffener definition will be valid for the whole bulkhead. Do not change the other default values. Use the following table to define the following stiffeners.4 Stiffener definition on a bulkhead Stiffeners'. The two input fields of the column Start of Stiffener / End of Stiffener refers to the y. Start of Stiffener with YL_1.and z coordinate of the starting point and the ending point of the stiffener.DK_1. The first stiffener should be defined at the center-line. End of Stiffener with L_1. Overwrite Item with 1. Enter on the left input cell 0.

POSEIDON ND Use the Plot button A Transverse Bulkhead at Frame 76 to check the result at frame 76. This is reasonable due to the fact that the joint is modelled exactly on frame 76 (This will never occur in reality). Choose A in the field F/A ! Figure 120: Plot Dialog Figure 121: The transverse bulkhead Note: If you choose A+F in the F/A-field for this special example you will get warnings for overlapped plates and stiffeners of DK_1 and DK_2. POSEIDON Tutorial 99 . With this entry you have chosen to display both parts in the same plot area and the warning has to be observed as a reminder.

POSEIDON calculates very large profile dimensions. Girders'. because of the free length of the profiles is 12920 mm from inner bottom up to deck 2.3. The input is similar to the stiffener definition. Check your input by the preview or by using the plot button . Bulkheads you have to give the scantlings of the girders. If some girders or tweendecks are defined. We need some girders to shorten the free length. Another left mouse click highlights it in the table.A Transverse Bulkhead at Frame 76 POSEIDON ND 4.5 Definition of girders on a bulkhead If you size the cross section of frame 76 now as described in Chapter 4.5 'Trans. but Switch to Section 3. the correct free length will be used for the profile calculation. Note: See the highlighted girder of the second line Figure 122 blue coloured and marked by an arrow in Figure 123. Save your work! Figure 123: Preview of the complete bulkhead at frame 76. Figure 122: Input mask for girders on bulkheads. The ToolTip on the right side shows the complete dimensions of the girder 3. Enter the values in the same manner as the stiffeners before and use the following table. 100 POSEIDON Tutorial .6.

10. Figure 124: Rules Check mask Figure 125: Result mask for the Transverse Members. Advice: If all dimensions are acceptable. for the F/A A and choose for the Rule Check Determine.6 frame'. 76. A Transverse Bulkhead at Frame 76 Sizing of the Bulkhead Members . press the OK button to copy the calculated scantlings to section 3. named: 'Determine Scantlings at the actual ⇒ Switch to Section 5.3 of POSEIDON ND.2.2 and 3. Otherwise go further on as seen in Chapter 2. or press the dimens button Please enter in the launched window for the Frame No.POSEIDON ND 4.1 POSEIDON Tutorial 101 .

1 FE-Models of the POSEIDON ND main menu provides the possibility to name your different FE-Models. This node distribution is also used for the other cross sections.1 Naming of FE-Models ⇒ Switch to section 7. until a new reference cross section will be found. The mask 7.Generation of a FE – Model POSEIDON ND 5 Generation of a FE – Model This section deals with the automatic generation of Finite Element Models of the ship structure. Figure 126: Mask for naming different FE-Models 102 POSEIDON Tutorial . Generation starts by specifying parameters for the node distribution of at least one reference cross section. Generation and check of the Finite Element model.1 in the Poseidon main menu and give a name for your first model. Problem Input of the principal mesh generation parameters in a cross section. Mesh generation in POSEIDON also is cross section oriented. It is possible to divide a reference cross section into areas of different levels of refinement. Input of the necessary boundary conditions. 5. We will now generate a mesh between frames 76 and 92 and define a mesh refinement around the holes in the floor and in the web frame. Input of the modeling area in the longitudinal direction. For this example we use the simple name ‘Model 1’. Requirements The structure to be modeled has to be defined completely and without topological errors.

l limits the edge length of elements between 350 mm and 2000 mm. zmin with 0 and zmax with 1800. if existing. later lines of meshing parameters overrule earlier definitions (see Reference Manual). min. you have defined the reference cross section.2 Net Tolerances in the TreeView. With the Show command .l with 200 and max. But note: in Mode 3 the positions of the stiffeners have the first priority for the meshing. POSEIDON Tutorial 103 . The entries in min. in this case 76. take a look at the result of the mesh generation in the cross section to check the correctness of parameters (see Figure 128). when POSEIDON generates the FE model. Now you have redefined the element size in an area between the shell.l with 650. . Use the new proposal input row to define a fine meshed area in the model. Thus. zmin and zmax. the inner bottom and the longitudinal girder LG_08 on portside.l and max. do not overwrite the entry AUTO in ymax. Therefore define the basic meshing parameters at first. Overwrite the values in ymin with 0. Enter 0 in column ymin . nodes are generated on trace curves of the stiffeners and the stiffeners are modeled as Beam Elements. you have chosen.Generation of a FE – Model POSEIDON ND 5. POSEIDON ND creates a proposal input row with defaults. Figure 127: Input of mesh generation parameters at a cross section This mesh description is valid for the whole model until the next input. POSEIDON should model the half cross section. (for more information about the different modes. Enter the number of the desired cross section in the first column Frame No. Have a look at the fine generated mesh in the double bottom area. the plates to be modeled as shell elements. see the Reference Manual or press F1 for Online Help!) In case definition ranges intersect. If you enter 3 in Mode. ymax with 6570.2 Parameters of mesh generation ⇒ Fixing of the mesh generation parameters for a cross section Select the Menu Point 7.

5. Overwrite the entry ‘152 +230’ in Location of section by 76. Select Section 7.3 ‘Boundary condition’ in the POSEIDON main menu. 76. Figure 129: Input of boundary conditions. we have to define the symmetry condition in the X-Z plane. Choose x-z plane from the pull down menu of the column Kind of Section and leave the field with a click on the right arrow to Location of section with 0. We want to create a FE model of the half structure of the vessel between frames 76 and 92 (only for example!). Fix the degrees of freedom as shown below. Save your work! 104 POSEIDON Tutorial .3 Boundary conditions ⇒ Define the boundary conditions in section 7. Define the symmetry condition of the nodes in the center line.3 Boundary Condition of Poseidon main menu.Generation of a FE – Model POSEIDON ND Figure 128: Nodes on frame 76 A+F. Next. which is clamped on fr.

4 Definition of the loads to generate ⇒ Switch to Section 7.4. then to 7.4.4 ‘External Sea Loads’. Figure 130: Tank Loads.5.Generation of a FE – Model POSEIDON ND 5.1 'Tank Loads' in the Poseidon main menu. Control your work with the Figure 131: Figure 131: Mask for the Definition of Waves POSEIDON Tutorial 105 . ⇒ Switch next to section 4. Leave the line with the down arrow and enter for the hogging wave in the same column 0.0 for the sagging wave.3 ‘Definition of Waves’.4 of POSEIDON ND. Enter in the proposal line for xp/LPP the crest position 0. The further possibilities in this mask will be used for cargo tanks. Note: The sections 'Cargo Loads' and ‘Container Loads’ are only available if there are loads defined in section 4.5. Activate the hooks for static pressure like shown in Figure 130.3.3 and 4.

.with 13. Hook both of the additional Wave pressures analogous to the previous defined waves for hogging and sagging.4 'External Sea Loads' in the Poseidon main menu In the menu 'External Sea Loads' the user has the possibility to create two draughts.4. Figure 132: External Sea Loads Save your work! 106 POSEIDON Tutorial .0m and Tscantl. Activate also the checkbox 'Weather Deck' to generate the weather deck load. Enter Tmin with 5.5m.Generation of a FE – Model POSEIDON ND ⇒ Switch to Section 7.

Generation of a FE – Model POSEIDON ND 5. Overwrite the entry in column From with 76 and in To with 77. It is necessary to get the bulkhead girders in the FE model.5 'Generate FE Model' in section 'Preprocessor' and define a new input row to fix the model boundaries. Define the location and the numbering of cross sections in the FE-model with the input of a (every frame starting with frame 76) in Step . Note. POSEIDON creates the nodes of the FE model only from the defined members on the defined cross sections. It is not necessary to overwrite the entries in the other columns. that the employed frames and frame spacing (4a) are chosen on the defined web frames. Now select the Menu Point 7.5 Mesh generation in longitudinal direction ⇒ Fixing of the mesh generation parameters in the longitudinal direction. (see the Reference Manual or the Online Help) In the second input row overwrite the values as shown in the figure below. Figure 133: Define the mesh generation parameters in longitudinal direction POSEIDON Tutorial 107 .

Figure 135: Info View: Generation of the FE Model without errors. the next steps in GLFrame are described to give you a short overview and how to control and handle your generated model. have a look at the POSEIDON INFOVIEW. use the Generate command to start the FE model generation. Figure 134: Dialog box for FE Model creation To check the result. Please hook ‘Generate Loads’ and ‘Include All Transverse Members’ as shown in Figure 134. 108 POSEIDON Tutorial .6 Start the model generation Finally. Click OK to start finally the generation. Now POSEIDON has done the work.Generation of a FE – Model POSEIDON ND 5. This will launch the following popup window.

Choose ‘Properties’ to launch the ‘Fempl Properties’.Generation of a FE – Model POSEIDON ND ⇒ Switch to GLFrame in the Poseidon main menu. To control your model do a right mouse click in the plot window. POSEIDON Tutorial 109 . This will launch the following dialog box. Press the GLFrame Plot command for 3D-FE models in the task line. Figure 136: The generated FE model in GL-Frame You can simply rotate the whole model via the arrow buttons on the keyboard and zoom model details.

Generation of a FE – Model POSEIDON ND Figure 137: Fempl Properties Choose the tab ‘Clipping Ranges’ and hook frame 76. As an example we have clipped frame 76. Check your model! 110 POSEIDON Tutorial . then press the Refresh-button.

gl-group.Generation of a FE – Model POSEIDON ND Figure 138: Clipped frame 76 Please use our Homepage to get the newest information and updates! http://www. POSEIDON Tutorial 111 .com Choose the section Client Support Download Center on the website.