UBR&n( RI$[AR[H

LInivercity of Baguio

AND ilT}TtOrft't[HT C[|{MN -q{,1$IEfil:,1,} Tr: FtSE{Rili{ t;ULtl"RE f-t :t{: Jf,lliE? i;"'d

p
\r..t?
'i,

Tfie$ilksrrnnt {:,,
4th Editi*n
For Graduate anO Uide?gifacuate Programs

,,\J

\

A Produ*tion of the R&D Center $taff
Christine Marie F. Cacdac. MS Psych iDirector) Oliver Richard C. Celi, ESICS Jenifer L. Kuadli. BSC - Bus Ecun J*septr Rene P. Fes+us. ASICS M*rilou B. $annadan, MAEd F*ych

""

Fsr UB use only

-..4

FOnunroKs

"&nong fhe paramount objectives of the l*stitution ix tc produce students who are formidably ccrnpetent in their chasen nera *r specia:isation. Embarking on research is one of the vifal charurels of eqrdpping the individual with the inaiepenlable knowteogu ;"o skitls, ft*search is cruciat.ti tr*l [rurr*r*ity, tle department, and the fndividriat himser. It i;;hb tooi nrhich not onty estabtibhes a eolid foundatiott of our extant knowledge but enableouu to further gain a *ongrruent understending of what is transpiring an? ril ,*"u;;i";jt, - -' **rrrr*rr-**. . The publication of this usefut manud, whieh oserg a great deal of information on writing research manuscripts, may ne usk ae- t*q***" relerence for yarious ,{esearch undertakings.

.. tly thil qublication prompt and motivate studentg and instructors to contin*allv sollEbor*te to gener*i* r**"*trrr ;trp;r *h#
i,

}Jffi#i"g *l*r.
Ttre President

Univer*ityof B*guio

*'

{

PNETACE

One of the major thrusts of the academe is the enhancement of research skills. Research is inevitably amcng the multifarious undertakings of a student. Undeniably, most undergraduate and graduate students, and inetructois as well, have a relatively downbeat stance towards research and theeis vrriting due to the notiron that these can be quite arduous. There are those who are annious over the various activities research entails. Others are nonetheless overridden bythe lingering agitation over the impending oral defense, which is the definitive ptrase in the-sis *titfig.
Research is indeed an arnply challenging task. Yet, the amazing opportunity to digcern novel ideas begets an overwhehing feeling of satisfaction. This however can bg achieved only if one is familiar with the logicat procedures this particular endeavou: encompasses.

The cqrstaMzation of an extensive and valuabte research output is efforgessly achievable with the provision of a tool which facilitates the venhrrq. Consfruenfly, the Research and Developrnent Center, in collaboration urith the Ub Eaitorial Boaid, has engendered a manual whish not only gruides the shrdent in co*/rposing their treatise but as Well as acguaint themwith the editorial stylewhich complele$ conforms to a clear and consistent presentation of a written material.

With the inception of these basic guidelines qrhich enpounds the technical components and basic format of the paper, thesis writing can be less convoluted for an individual, Hence, may this handbook render its readers the requisite and indispensable knowledge for a task nrhich eventually proves valuable and productive in all domains.

Gtos$f;nY
Abstract

-

a brief $ummary which gives the essential points in a discourse

Applied research - research which studies the relationship and/or applicability of theories or principles to the solution of a problenr
Basic research - research which adds sonretfling new to the body of knowledge in a particular

field
Bibliography

- any list of references at the end of a research report or manuscripl whether cited or notwithin the write-up; includes notonlytexts referrecJ to in the paper, but as well as any other articles the researcher/writer made use cf and reader$ rrlight need as background reading

&se

.*

study - extensive study of an individual unit, group, institution, organization, or program which provides a thorough analysis of the object being investigated

Citatisn - a short, formal indication of the source af information or quoted m?teriill
I

"

*

Conceptual Frarnework - a set of interrelated ideas or notion$ that provide tf e legitirnate bases of a study Conclusion

- brief generalizations

derivecj from findings; inferences which are discerned

from the results of a study Confidentiality
Control group

-

right of privacy and of rron-release of disclosed personal infornration

- subjects who are not given a treatment under study or do not have a given condition, background, oi. risk that is the object of the study, and who are conrparable to subjects in the study

Corroboration

-

a confirmation that scme fact or statement is

true

Dependent Variahles - outcomes that are measured in an experiment; these are expebted to change as a result of an experimental rnanipulation cf the independent variable(s) Descriptive study

- a study that is not truly experinrental (e.g. case history, record review, correlation, cbservationa )
I

Empirical rmearch - research conducted for the purpose of collecting measurable data in terms af attitudes, behavior, or perfornrartce; desigtred to generate projec16flle, nurnericaldata on a topic

EQerimental group - subjects in an experimerital design that receives the treatment or program under study lmplication - a meaningthat is not expressly $tated; an impr*ssion formed from limited but significant information

L

lndepend*nt Eeriahle * an entity that is manipulated, messured, cr sslected by the researcher as an Entecedent sonditi*n to ai-i olrserved behavior lnterv*ntion - inel*des hoth phynical procedures by which date are g*thered and rnanipulations of the *ubject CIr the suhject's environment that are perforrned for rssearch purp#se$

Me*n * referred to a$ "the avera&e";computed merely by adding the numbers in a series and dividing the tatal by the number *f items in the seriss
frfiaderator variable

an entrty that influences the naturs of the relationship between an independent variable and a dependent variatile

*

Null l"{ypo*hesis - th* propesiticn, to be tested statistically, thst tne *xperimental intervention hss no eff*st, m*aning thst the treatm*nt and *r:ntrcl group$ wilt not ditfer as a { result of the interuention
paradidtrn

a rnodel sr pa{teril which preseilts rsot assumption pfrrslfieters within which a rese*rch iE *ondu*ted

*

pspillation * a complet* $et of individuals, obj*ets fir me8$uremsnts havin#lscrme coll]mon n
ob*eruabie

i

"*

characteristic*

Qualitntive rgsearch - collectipn of ncn-*unr*ricai data i;sing interviews, observations, nnd open-*nded qilsslion$ tCI gother rneaning frcm nonquentified narrative informatian Quanfitative resenruh * collection of nunrerical data in ordsrto describe, *xplain. predict andiar cantrol phenomena of intercst
Refurences usually fCIrne ai the end of a research r*port or manuscript and ghould eontflin only those works eited within the write-up

*

Reliability - d*gree to wi"li*h an instrum*nt csnsisfenfly rneasures in the saff€ way on

repeat*d trial$ Sample * a subs*t or part of a population $tandard deviation * a measure of the rangs of variation from an averase of a group sf mef$ilr*ments; a statistical msasur* of the dispersisn of the frequency distrihution $urvny * observaiional or descriptive, or no*€xperirnentalstudy in which persCIn$ &rs systematically examined for th* presence or absence of characteristics of int€rest
Thsory - comprehensive explanation of a grven set of data that has been repeatedly confirffied by ohservation and experimentation, and has gained general acceptance within the sci*ntific conrnrunity, but ha$ not yet been decisively proven

'

Vnlidls {of an in$trurnsnt} - deglee ta which a n]easirre accurately 8s$esses the specific *oncept it is de$igned to nneasure

L

Whal'sinside..a*
GITOSS.IRY

xEcHtncf,L coMpoNElt{TS Or THg

THESIS

.

General Ouidelines

A. trping
B. Style Details G. Acronyms
."D. Numbers

I ofTC

12

I ofTC t2

E. Gitations in the Text / Body. F. Quotations . G. Page Numbers H. Tabies andFigures.
...

I ofTC 12 I ofTC l? I ofTC 18 2 ofTC l2
2

ofTC

12 12

..

.

.

.

SofTC
S

Bibliogrraphy

Writing the References

./

Bibliographies

.
I

of?C

12

ParentheticalCitation

I ofTC 12
I

THE PAPER
TITI,E PAGE

.
I

APPROVATSI{EET
Abstract
Acknowledgment

...;.....
i.r..

11

t
I

TableofContents....
List of Tables and Figrures CHAPTEN

lv v vii
I

a

I

THE PROBI.EM

I
I

2 DESIGN AND METHODOIOGY CI{APTER 3 PRESENTATION, ANAI.SIS, A.hID
CHAPTER
I}ITERPRETATION OF DATA. C}IAPTER

4 CONCTU$IONS AND
I0

NECOMMENDATIONg
I I t

Referencee

Appendices Curriculum Vitae

BIStIO(inaPrff

I afTC

12

rSGHN'CJTT, COTIIPONENT$ OT THE fTTESIS

I. GENEREIJ

A.

TT,PING c Use short hond paper (i.e. height: I l"; width: 8.S") * The manuscript rnust be double-spaced throughout. r Use one inch margins on the right, top and hottom of ttre Fage, and I % inches on the lelt side. r Use normal paragrraphs with the first line indented using the DEFAULT TSB. This is applied EXCEPT for the Abstract, block quotes, $ities and headings, references, table titles, notes and figure captions. r The font to be used is Courier New (lf, point). r Leave two (E) character spaces after terminators (i.e. '.n, '?', 'l'). r h4ake sure that the text is left aligned and not justified except for the ABSTR"R,CT rrrhich in fuli-bIo*k forrnat.
$l
l;.j

S. STYLS DETAILS IN GEIVgRfi.I,

r r

r r

third person point of view in referring to one's self in the virite-up Use the pasf fense in the Abstract, Sesign and Methodology, and in, the Pre;entation, Analysis and Interpretation of Data; and indjcative moad in the first dhapter and in the Conclusions and Recommendations. ti IJse the sirnple presenf fense for citations or quotes frorn books, journals, website, etc. When using direct quotations, use the presenf ferse foilowed by the passage enclosed in quotation marks. For exarnple:
A1ways use the

Bugtong and Moyano

(2004

acadenric performance. "

) state "gencJer does rtot

af f ect

o

1J\Ihen

paraphrasing a quote, use the conjunction fftaf

forexample:
Mamaat.

areas

{2000) asse::t-s 1-i"iat jeai.*usy is p.reva}ent in

r,gork

rvhtere...

c. trcRoNtT/Is n When stating an aeronym, spell them out the first time it is introduced"
Forexarnple: The Resear:ch and ljevelopment Cerrter
acronym in parentheses.
(RDC)

Enclose the

: . r r

When the acronyrn has been spelled ou! eariier, use the acr$nyrn of the rnrordls in your subsequent paragraphs.
Spell out the numbers if it beEins a sentence. All rneasurement reportinE is done in Metric units (meters, centimeters, etc,). The numbers zero to nine are spelled out except when it is in a table, figure number, or a metric measurement.

D. NIIIVIBENS

t oiTC 12

. o r

The numbers l0 and above are written as numerals except when they are situated at the beginning of the sentenee. In the Abstract, use digits for all numerals except when they begin a sentence. Be consistent with number formats" Por descriptive statistical presentations, use two (2) decimal pl*ces. But for inferential statlstical presentations, us€! four (4) decimale places.

E. CITf,TIONS IN TTIE MTT/AODY

r

The first time the reference is cited in the text, spell out atl of the authors' tast names.

Forexample:Agoncillo, Constantino, and Tendero (1990) suggest...

r

With articles that have three or more authors, cite all the authors the first time the reference occurs. In suhseguent citations of the same authors, use first author's surname follortred by "et al.n'. forexarnple;Agcnci11o, Constantino, and Tendero (l-990) suggest... then ... some facl {Agoncillo et al., 1990) "
i;s in a parenthetical format, use the ampersand (&). H6friever, if the reference is in the bodyof the rnanuscript, use the conjunction "anp,".

r

If the reference

forexamplerBehaviorism is"." {Pavlov & Skinner, 1943) ascomparedto Pavlov and Skinner {19{3) state that Behaviorism is...

r

Multiple references in parentheses are placed alphabetically, and are separated by semicolon and a single character space.

a

'r. guoTJr,TIoN$
.
Cite the page numbers for direct quotes

Forexarnplel Wayway t2002)

asserts "genuine appreciation of lhe of Sunnyside would not be possible without one..," {gZJ .
beauty and majesty

Fach citation should always be prbceded and succeeded by an interpretation to avoid succession of unexplained guotations.

Display an excerpt of more than 40 words as a set-off quotation in a single-spaced full block secfion, and indented [DEFAULT TAB] from the left margin. Omit the quotation marks and include the page number in parentheses after the last period. (see enample on t lof TGl?,H)

G. PfrGE NTIN&ENS r There are variations with regard to the placing of page numbers. UB advocates the placing of page numbers on the UPPER ilGHT corner of the paEe.

. r .

page itself.

Thq page number must be situated 0.$ inch from the top of the page. Thefont for thepagination is Courier Newpoint 12. The Tit1e page and Approvat $heet carry a page number but it is not indicated on the

3 ofTC 12

pags of the pgp€r sgill 6ttrt fn thn poEinntirm fur the*e pnffoB sh{rlrld be in Absgm{rt Oo tire &ist 6f ?ehtss alrd F$grures. Yhe gnle mrir*ll Rnman rnrmsunlx (e.g. i, ii, iii) ritueited at the bottonr.centes of the Sfuliogn*phy,.&pponidice* pofiinn, End SurrieulumYitaehnve nCI psgB nurnbere, {ho Srst page of e*ch ch*pter cErrirpe a pags ru.unber but it is not indicated sn fte pGgG itself"
Tha diry,layed p*ryinfltinn fcr tlre prslim;tumsy

pW.

ffi, Ttrffifi'g$SffiSf$S$ffi * Tabtres and Fig*re* shoutd be preaented after or wilhrn th,* dis*uusion 9f thu Srtr tgu: ginsrle pag* and Hsns#ver, ens','rre that th* tsbles and fignue* are &dly preaented on a
are nst tffiWixry. 1.F?fiS$ffiS & lclffodrree the table prior ta itg pranentation" s ?abi*a shsuld 8#t b* sifusl*d within a paragraph. * TSI*SPA asle ta"bler do rmt sontain any verticai linea

c ?leetableeapti*nmuctbspheedah*'crethntable. * TYBe *s tanfe numbes f*llarred by a period. teave fi,Fo tA) cnar*rster spases' ard I firye the table headinE/caption, rriUr tlxe seeond iine 1eft *ligmed' s Wben **ixlg colq$nrne with nnmbera, aligm th*rn aesecdirrgr to plare vahre, pCIinr8. scluxn:ts with " When usingf*hje*eJots deeirnal nntnb€rs, dign th* d€eimal s'geescmp,Je
I I

Tabl* 1. Populatton gf fhe Study According ta $ender and
Socia* econonric $tatus sss
Upper \-_Lfl5J) Upper MidclIe Mictdle Class IrOtl*f Mi"ddle Lower Class
?otrhf,,
s"3

eef,,lF
1 4 6
4
L,l

neffiI,l$
0 1

,|rors&
1
11"

t5

,1
1"3

I

0

0

15

"5r

d6

ffiG$ffiS

ti
,,

f
o

Figure* shsuld usrt b6 situatcd srithin a paragraph. C*nter **ch ligrura *n tho page vertically as well aa lrmi.rontally If tlrsfigwe is a chant or Steh' veebally tabel the axes {do nnt use 'N" aad 'Yn} Pipirer captioanr*nr,lst be tpcated at tlre bottpm cegder of tha figfure T}ry. the fiEuo Im&nbtr *nllrwed by a p*riod. Leare *;yo (g) cherastar rpa*wa and type th* figwe h*ading/caPtion. $e* sampJes cn f*e nesf Page

46Tt12

rtwnPffi{tDs{,r \f,fftrr*BxJilg

Dgsg$DElrr vAn;IAStg

&evel of Performance fivaluated by;

& Students # sean

Teaching Perfor:nance cf Lhe C0fld Faculty of uB
ldo}aRffrs&, naRIastns

s G*nder c fiducationai Attainment

S'igure

1. Paradigrn of the $tudy
r I

tt?

il

n al

r
lt:Asrao**l Lq.gr,sarri

l*gure 2- Respondents' Perception ifn Speci.frcatlon of Parking
rr- Brs&Is_€e&Hffi
title eas*.

Areas

e fte bibsogrryhic e$tri'se nrunt b* orgnniaed and written aceordinrg ls cafsgory. e #enter the categari*s ef the bibliognaphi* enkies" The catssrcriss must be bold and in
ffiirry th€ eetryq'ris, qru]s the qreci$c ref*rense material employing ths tIFApJt format Ivt*in fitlss of books, rmagazineru *tE" are itati*iu€d. Ssurees are licted in alphnbeticd srdnr by the &uthor's last rame. lrea*e {}ne {1) eharastar spare *fter each period
,dlfter

* * n

5 ofTC 1?

WRIrING ffiE REIERErCE$,/ BIAI',IOGRnPIIIE$

l.) Books wltlr one aulhor Poyaoan, C.C. (1993)

" Interpersonal communication: Phils: , Histarical perspectjves
House. on'

{.}niversitY of Baguio Press.

purificacion, S. Phils:
2.1

(l-990)

tribtal

hrars.

Omegan

Publishing

Sooksbytwo auffrors Duckit$, J. & Renchon,

S. (2000). PaLiticaL psychology: cuJturaJ
USA: New York University

and crosscu-l Press.

tural foundations.
.l

t"* . Organizational behavibr. USA;
JJ

Kinicki, A. & Kreitner, h.
R.D. Irwin, Inc.
3.) Booksbythrge or ntote

t

L9g2)

Montoya, J.r'Oliveros, J.,

authors
6.

Torres, J. (199?). PhiTosophical

I

foundations of behavior modificatian Phils: Rex Bookstore.
4,) Chapter fmm

Musolini, F. (1993). Repeated

a

Book

rneasures designs.

In

A"

Field (Ed. )

Discovering Statistics Using

SP$S :For Windows

{pp.

323

33?4). Great Britaj-n: The Cromwell Press' Ltd.
5.) Bmks wtth Edltton other than the flrst (RepubHshed Boo&)

Nolledo, .J. (2000) " ?he r:errised admjnistratjrre code of 7987 with re1ated Taws and administrative jssr:ances. Phils: Philippine

craphic Arts, Inc. (Origlnal work publlshed 1996).
6.) An Edtted Eook

Espino, E. R. (ad" ) . {1991} " FundamentaJs of sttucturaT engr-neering, Cambodia: Angkhor Wat, Inc.

6 ofTC 12

?.) Book by a Corporate ltullror

Commit,tee

of Recreations and Development. (1993).

Human

behavior

in organizatians. Philippines: Rex Bookstore.
8.) Reference Eook f,r1tsle (elcyclopedia)

Machiavellj-, N. (1993). The prince. In the World book encycTopedia
(VoI 15, pp. 42I-436) . USA: World Book

9,) Dictiolary

The American
,i 4

heritage dictionary of the English Tanguage (4th

u'ed.). t2000)

.

USA: Houghton

Mifflin

Coinpany.

10.) Weeklylt/tagrardneArttcle Poniewozik, J. {2005, February 21), The tragic kingdol,
t

Time,, L65,

33*34.

ti

ft.)

Quif,ones, D. (1994, November). Natural vs. human resources.
lria

Monthlyl/lagadne"f,rdcle

tion / s

bus

jn ess , 88, LZ-L4 ,

l2.l

Esguerra, J.S. (2003). Poetry and verse in the college classroom:
some

lournal.f,rtlcle

insights and teaching tips. UB research journal,

26,

62-68

13.) Newrpaperf,rtlcle Calinao, N. P. (2005, April 1?). An AFP recipe for dictatorship.
Zigzag weekly. p.
'7

.

f{.)

Danguilan, Z.C. (1987) . Music readjng

fhesis or Dbcortatlom

made

easy. Unpublished

doctorate dissertation. University of Raguio., Philippines.

15.)

Nerwpt{nt refereose (1.e, fflm, recordhg, vldeo, telerrlsion, or radlo program)

fILIYI:

Moore, M. (Director). (L9S0). Fahrenheit 9/L1- [F'ilm]. HoIlywood:
Miramax Fitms.

L

7 olTC 12

ffIJI'I WITII T,NYTtrHD CIRGTTI.AfTON:

Spielberg, S. {Director) "

{1993)

" SchindTer's List IFitm]

.

{AvaiLabl-e from Paramount Picturesp USA).

Maicte, E. M. (Author and speaker) '

CBSSETTE

(1995)

.

Succes

sfuJ- Jiving,

successfuJ 7ife. IcassetteJ' Phils: Inspirations, Inc"
TELSyI$ONPROGNNIII
l.i

Petersen, W" (Actor) - (2004) ' Criminal scene investigati.on

ITelevision Program]. NV: BBC'

nfiIl$lctrIl nSCORI]IIIG

Groban,

J. Q0o2j. The prayer.

Josh Groban lcl]l

" usA: walrner "*
j

Brothers.
16.)

;i

pereonal Intenriew, Phone Gonversatlon, Ir€ttero lilon*srchivcd E-mailr lectnre r Because"these materials are not recoverable, it should NCIT be listed in the list of references. It can, however, be cited parenthetically within the text. trt is extremely important that what is cited in this way be tegitimate and harre scholarly integrity r Examples: * Intenriew:

Bowles finds herself appatled by the claims of gender insensit.ivitY bY her contemporaries (Personal letter' March 28, L9"17) -

* Phoue Conversatkrn: According to Dan Brown' the sources for his novel Da Code were rePutable art connoisseurs (Personal Phone conver$ation, Jul-Y 22, 2003).

Vinci

lI.)

Crdufra, L. ( 2AA4, Decernber) ' A step towards change: introduction of the APA format.. Outline presented in a lecture at the

Iland-auts gtven in a Leehrre

Unj-versity of Baguio, Philippines '

fS") GonermmentalDocuments Ministry of Transportatiorr and cornmunications. i19S3). Baguia
city transportation project Phils: Baguio Cit.y Local (Publication No" 82-11.95).
Government '

SdTC

12

l$.l

Gomlmtor $ofrrva*e

SpSS. USA" {2004).

$tatistical pa*kages for social sciences

lComputer $oftware], U$A: Conduit

e0.) Iliorld ltrldc ltsob sile Darling, t, {No date) " Parenting style and its ccrrelates f0nline) " Avai-lable at lttp: / /www.atheath.com/practitioner/
J

ceduc/parentingstyles.htrnl [2A04, N*vember 3] .

'

'j

Hpte: The first dat* referE to the date when the artiele was publ*ataed in the wpbsita, rvhile the s6g${td dat* refara to the daiewhsnyou acousaed/viewed t}rst webpage.

et.) Sfi*tertel&srn*nsusasl.aformdfuan$ervlco
.DanEata*, H. fi Lea$o, J.
('L992l,

" Cultural nationalism and beyond: crcsscuLtureil political psycholagy in Indoneeia [On*line], Faliti*al
eulf.uren 2A, 1L3*'726, Abstract frorn: dialog F'ile:

I

POLSCIINF0

ltemr

96*2CI04.

Z2.l
ItrI"

Rdereneee without mtD*rrs

.

(1996)

" Animal instinct" France: Le louvre, Ltd.

frffi*W*d{ff*dnm
"e"
.6,

q'pical *taftnn of an srlfird lwCIrk *oasirtn of the *lrthor'c n6rne ffnd the year of puhticat&on E.g. fiducatiCIn as an investmenl is true only if it is used

,

as a potent tool to eraciicate poverty, and it is for sustainahle and equitable development {$eEnaben, 1999) '
B

S. lf the autfurr i* nam*d in the tmt, only tho year ir eited f;.g. According to Wi i1"996), infection with H*patitis

virus is a atidespread.

problern

C" If tlre n&rne of the author and the date are u6ed in the text, parenthetical reference i8 rlot
nece{t8ar}r

*u

k;ff#,--"*,nm'JiJffiJ ffi.tr f;tJ.J&Y several co*curricular

L-

I

ofTC 12

D'

$pecifis referenee to the page of a particurar resslurce materiar; e No break in the citation of sfecific author/s In this caser t1rye onlyirre specinc;;;. where the excerpt is taken from

forexample:

the exhjbiLion of neqative.rttitudes and

Apropos the sex,/qerLrler., males al:e more inclined with
copj.ng

mechanisms (de Guzman, 1004) " Xxxx xxx x xxxxxxx xxxx... on the contra::y, femares are pred.ml.nanrly enrotional,

interaction with peers, counse1ing, Irnd t! attendance to social activiries (69)
"

litera[ure,

and are mor:e expressiire of their feerings crrrd thoughts. The most common venues of exp.ression are as fo110ws: arts,

A break in the citation af a specific author,s urork

For example:

Dangatan (2005) focused on the rrar-iables year: lever, course' and Lhe scope cf wcrk a* factors influencing the overall' performance of sLudenL assislant* in the Univers LLv. Xxxrx xxx ;ix ):xxxxx xxxx. . .

Further, str:dent assistants manifested a saL.Lsfactory revel in car::ir-t1g out their <luties anc respr:nsibiliLies in their resp'ectlve departments {Azarcorr ,Jr., lggg) . X>lx
XXXXXXXX XX X"XXXXXXXIJ X:{iiX X XXXX X_:;-{X. ,
"

The findinqs implicd tirat trre ;:f'orement-ionerr rr0 inf-luence in Lheir- job a_s studenL 'atl assistant s xxx xx xHH (Dangratano 2005 : 2.6)
.

variarrles

10ofTC

12

E'

For guotations with less than forty (40) words and at the same time not exeeeding four (4) lines, use quotetion marks.

For

exang>Ie:

Albeit establishing this mode of acceptance reduces student failure, rejection of students who were unable to make the cut-off mark is nigh on being deprived of
pursui-ng further stucries hence increase ill_iteracy and

the c*untry. Notwithstandirigr',the oplion of administering entrance tests still rests on the Instituti-on,s discretion, dependent on their precedence ancl the risks they are lvilling to assurne,, tr.l"ines , 2004:
I

unempl0yment pervading

-tJl.

F' citing a quotation

in case any material is reft out

-

If any materiat is left out, use three elipsis points (...) within the sentence

Forexamplel.

According to Cantor and Bungaoen \TAAAJ , .'a t reatnrent arid p revent ive prograni should be formulated... to address the moderate level of caries experi_ence

of the

children- (15).

-

use four ellipsis points (.'.') when material is reft out befween two sentences.

Foreramplel

The research also raised lhe ..intriguing questions

values are 1inked.... in pooling resources and rationing by queues,, (691.

about how political

11d-lc t2

-

ff inserting *xplenations in direct quotation, use br*cksts, not par*nthesie. f any incorrest spelling, glramffiar, or punctuation in the saurcexright confil.a* rsadsrs, insert the word sxc, r& brackets snd underlined {i.e., [si#]], immEdiately after the error in the qrotation (AP&, lSS4, pp$$-$$)"

Forexample:

Waiirang GAO4) stat.es Liiar the schlastc Isic]

slalus of students, especially thoss

r,*ho

fail lheir

subjects. shculd be monitoreC by respective colleges.
G. Paraphrasing someon€ else's work

'j

When paraphrasing a passa€te, you need to cite the eource of the material.

for example:

Yago {1996} pr:si-ls t.hat graft anci corrupf ir:n i-e an "-l

inrlispensable activity

Ln Plii i ippi ne bureaucrdcy for it is

already ingrained in the cu}ture of f.he people, Further,
he asserts that this poi itic**l issue can be resolveci througl: the process of enculturation xxx xxxxx.x.x
XXXXXXXXX.

Nx

H. For gaotati*nx which exceed four lines, type the exc.*rpt in a *ingle-rpaced full block
section.

For exarnplel

The measu::e

calls for the curtailment xx xxxxxx

'i<xxr

xxxxxxxx xxxxx xx xxx xxxxxx" As a political

analyst asserts:

be addressecl h'y tire most direct, effective, or inn*vai:ive n€asures possible in order tn prcLect the citi z.ertry f rom v'rhlch despicable acf s t:f terrnrists lhreaten their lives/ security, ancl fre*dnm. Aft*r a1i, these i'Jealg aro the very s&rne thinqs 'rihich are enqraved in ihe conslituticn, (Calinao, 2005:l)

Terrorism is a major concern t.hat needs lo

12

ofTC 12

W,hen the reference !s a work of twp (2) authors, cite both names each time the referenee

appears.

E.g.

Sri Lanka and Thailand are about to launch international advertising campaigns thal highlight the many attractlons that were untouched or have already reopened, in hopes of dispelling the gruesome images of paradise lost (ACiqa & Estulin, 2004).

I, Wren thE reference is a work of 3-S authors, cite all the authors the first time the reierence appears" In a subseguent refererce, use the firet author's last name followed byet a}.

Eg. .*

Neither the north and south sees the rapprochement as a speedy road to reunifying the peninsula sundereci for half a century {Calabresi et &1., 2001).

K. When the

reference is to a work by six of more authors, use only the first author's name followed et al. in the first and all subseguent reference. The only exception to thii-rule is when confusion might arise because of similar name$ or the $ame authqr $eing cited. Irn 'i that caEe, cite enough authors so that the distinction is clear.

Ir.

When the reference is to a wdrk by a corporate author, use the name of the organization as the author. E.g. To establish a dlverse cross*cultural understanding at

the regional level is a natural extension of Fukuoka's long held traditional role as a historic focal point for exchange in Asia {Kyushu University, 2003r ?).

M. Personal l,etters, telephone calls and other materials that cannot be retrieved are not listed in the Bibliography but are cited in the text.

E.g.

Ashley Lauren (tel.ephone conve"rsation, November 7, l-983) confirmed thaL the propositions...

N. Perenthetical references may mention more than one workn

particularly when the idees have been surnmarized after drawing from several souf,ces. nnunipte ciiations should be arranged as follows: E.g. t.) tist of two or more works by the same author in order of the date of publication

(Gomez. 1995, 2000)
2.) Differentiate works by the same euthor and with the same pubtication date by adding an identifying tetter to each date

{Bautista, 1999a, 1999b)
8.) tist pvorks by different authors in alphabetical order by the last name, and use a semicolon to separate the references

(Bennett,. 1998; Frill,

Igg4; Smith,

2002)

TYPE THHS]S

T T].8

HERE

]N

A}]

ruvnnrnn
NOT

PYRAMID FCRMAT AND

SJHOUI,D

EXCEED FIFTEEN WORDS

$

A Thesis
Presented lc The Faculty of the Xxxxxxx xx Xxxxxxx Xxxx
'l

l

University of

:t

Baguic;

In Part.ial Fulfitlment cf the Requirements for the
Type t.he Deg'ree Here
Degree

By

Giveri Name Middle Name Surname
tvlonlh Year

University of Baguio Graduate School n:guio City
uu:, g+

in partiat fulfittrment of the requirement for the deqree of MASTER OF ARTS IN EDUCATfON, has been examined and is recofifnended for acceptance antl approval for oral
examination.
LIOYD

FACUL'I'Y MEMtsERS OF THE UNTVERSI'IY OF BA(;UIO prepared arid submitled by MA. CARMENCITA V. ANCHETA anrJ RONNIB C. DUMALE

This.thEsis

,A.PFROVA]. SHEET (samPle) enIiLlEd PREVAI,ENCE OF ANEMIA AMONG FE}4ALE

V.

OF.DUfr]A

Adviser
1

Ed. D.

PANEL OF EXI\MINERS

I

ri

31, 2003 with

APPROVED by the Commlttee a grade of 98.50

on Oral Exanination on May

ESMBRALDA

C"

GATCHALLAN, MD,

Chairpersor'
VEF.ONTCA

$"

GARCTA, Fh.D:
RAMON

MARTNA A.

Member'

SEGNABEN, trd.D. Member

D.

SANTTAGO, Ed.D.
MernLrer

irr partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MA$TER Of ARTS IN EDLICATION, major in Educational Management.
ACCEFTED ANII AFpROVtril

Comprehensive Examirrat"ion passed orr Oc'[ober 24*25, 2002.

AGNES

'Dean, Graduate School

T.

BAUTISTJ\f Ed.D.-

Abstract . This portion contains a brief surunary of what is included

in the thesis. It must be concise'yet accurate as only th,b pertinent poinls in lhe 'manUscript are included. For a
simple guide, ensure that the fotlowing are presentl 1)
a

brief introduction of .tlie study, 2 ) ths purpo$e of lhe study, 3) how tlie xe$earcher sludied the phenornenon, and 4)
the salient findinEs and conclusions of the study' Type this 'section as'& single paragraph; in FULL BLOCK format, with np indenfions, thusr is typicall-y It'requires a
maximum
'
il E. 6r

rest"ricter1 lo

200

of |,*o pagest 250 words.
,1

I

Paraphrasing is more advisable. than qucting.

Avoid citing

references in this secIicn.
l'.

Spel] out atl abbreviations

and acronyms. Use ,diqits for al,l numerals except when they

begin a sentence

111

Acknowledgment

Make an

introductory sentence or preliminary .statement
Acknowledge Lhose
l

abouL this page as part of the thesis,
whom

you think tiavb contrirbuted to your work. A.lways'use
.t

fhe third person pbint. of view when referring to the writer.
r$

Mention the name, and. how this person has helped you; Followed by the nexL persori, and so on.

'is section Limit this Beption to two {2) paqes only t2.\ rlarre.c
I
i.6
I

)t

'i-wr)

double sFaces from the last line YouT INITIALS
AV

fl

Tabl"e

of Contents

TITLE

PAGE

]-

APPROVAL S}IBET

].l_
]ili

A-bstract
Acknowledgment

I,L

]-V

Table of Contents

v
l1'^()q t71
1

fist of rables anci Fig
CHAPTER

d

1 .THE PROBLEM
'i

Background of the Study

i.

1
1
a Z

it

Theoref-ical /

Conceptual Framerqork

Research Paradigm

Statement of the Prohrlem ancl Hypctheses - .15pi1-rrTl$[i q' Tgzpls
.

?

CHAPTBR

2

DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
r

'Research Desigh

Population and locale of the
Data Gathering Tool/s. Data Gathering Procedure Treatment of the Data
CHAPTER

SLUdY

5 6 6

. .

.

6

3

PREStrNTATTOI{, ANALYS]S, AND

INTERPR.STATION OT- DATA

Xxxxx xxx Xxxxxxxxxx Xx Xxxxxxx:xx xxx Xxxxxxxx Xxxxx Xxxxxx Xxxxxxxxx X Xxxx Xxxx Xxxxxxx Xxxxxx
t

. .

.

o

9

v

i

I]HAPTHR

4

CCNCLUSSONS AND RICOI\E4ENOATIONS

Conclusions
R*commendations
Ref erence.s

1n
l_0

A.

Books

B. Journals / Magazines / C. Unpuhlished Materials
ri

Newspaper$

*

D. Electronic u. uthers

Saurces

L

Appendices

i
I
I

!t

i

,,i

Cr:rriculunr Vltae

:l ! .i
':

t

q

I

l{$f$i
I a

?ec}uricnl Xr*yout of tltc Table of Contentr

' Ttris seetion rnrrst be doubl**$pased throughout
The subtopis$ {e.g. Background of the Study, TheoreticaV0oncephral Itamework) must be indented using a single DFf.IULT Tf,.B. Between subtopics and the specifrc page number is a eet of spacebefween*p*riods. After the last period, type the page number altsr a single DEftlIttrT Ttr8 space.

vl

list of ?ableE and

Figrurres

Tab,1e
1

Xxxxxxxxxxxx xx Xxxxxxl<xxxx Xxxx xx Xxxxxx>ixxxx Xxxxxxxx>ixx .xx Xxxx Xxxxxx Xxxxxxx>lxx Xxxxxxxxx xx Xxxxxxxxx Xxxx;cx
Xxxxxxxxxxxt< xx X:<xxxx;{xxxx

2

? J.
A

X:'ixxxxxxxxxx xx Xxxx-<xxxxxx

Figure Xxxx xx Xxxxxxxxxxx Xxxxxxx>.xxx xx Xx.'ixxx Xxxxxxx><x:< Xxxrxxxxx xx Xxxxxx;<xx Xxxxxx X"*(xxx
Xxxr: xx Xxxxxxxx;'{xx Xxxxxx:l:;xx}i xx Xxxx:r;< Xxxxxxxxxx Xxx":txxxxx xx Xxxxx Xxxxxx:,:x
t

3

X:<xxxxxxxxxx

xx Xxxxxxxxx)rx

NOTE: Technical tayout forthe List of Table and Figures

r c r r r

$ubheadings (Table or Figure) must be left aligned. The table numbers must be indented using a single IIEFAUITT tf;B. Lreave two character spaces bef<rre typing the table/figure heading or caption. TablelFigure headings rnust consist of the exact captions otlfre table,figure in the text. Between subtopics and the specificpage number is a set of space-betweenperiods. After the last period, t5pe the page number affer a single DEfifUeT Tf,B space" Captions should be separated by double spacing, but each caption that is more than one line in length should be single-spaced.

11

I
ti

?

I

vii

CITAP:rE:R1
,

THE PROBLmit

Background,

of the Study
hich

This refers to the

presents a situational analysis that port-rays the problem

in'the global, national, regional, and local cr:ntext. This may also incLude: a) the justification of what generated d i:inlerest and motivaiion for the researcher that }eci to the
conceptualization of the problem; b) the 169ical
l"* continuity between relevant previous work with qhe present

work; c) lhe theoretical or practical importance of the studyt and d) in general, provides the reader a firm sense

of what was done and why. ?$lllfitlloF Ln'ffi
Tlreoretical / Conceptual

Lffieptqfcp,Zffp[.{Tl@t{
CF-Tffi4S

Frarnework

This incrudes: a) the different theories and moders that provide the concepLual underpinnings of the study or the legitimate bases for defining its parameters;
b)

gene.ral reviews or surveys about the topics thal can be

referred to that are avallabrle; and c) an emphasis of pertinent findings, relevant methodologicar issues, and
major conclusionb.

This portion is important because the theories shall help in the interpretation of the resear.ch f indings.

It is advisable to use free standing headings and
paragraph headings whenever necessary to assist organizing

the concepls being present.ed.
Free standing heading
Xxxxx X XxXXXXX xXXXXXXX XXXX X XXXXXXXXXX XXX XXXxXXX
XXXXXXXXX XXXXX X XX X X XXXXXXXXXX XXXX XXX X.

C Paragraph heading. Xxxxx x xxxxxxx x xxxxxxxxxx xx
XXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXX XXX XXXXXXXX.

x

Present also in this section, however not necpssar"r*l-y

as a separate topic, is the operational clefinition'of

ri

,

key

terms. Explici-tly, the brief description of terms as they are used in the text is to be.provided.
Research Faradign

The research paradigm is a diagrammatic representation

of a conceptual framework. It depicts in a more vivid
what thb conceptual framework wants to convey, This

way

segment requires a c.l-ear discussion of the variabLes and

their relationship.

The researcher should know the value

of controlling a particular (independent) variable in order that interference of other variables in the prediction will'
be avoided or minimized.
Note that the discussion is provided before the

present.ation of the dlagram.

(sed sample diagrani on page

4

of

TC1Z

)

Statnment of the ProbLern and HypotheeeE The research problem is one or more questions to be
answered empirically,
The main problem

is usually stated
:

in A decfaratrrr€ fonn and covers tl-ig brcad area.
sequence, show$ congruence with the title
anC the'

It states

tlie intent of the inve.stigation in a clear grammatical th$oretical framework, and provides linkage wit.h the
methodology to hre employed Tire specific in terrr:gra Lrlre
p-roblem-s

research problems are in.the forn"1 of' .t
l

c€

s La Lenerr

ts. These spe.cif ic prob,lems o'l sub-

ir

are interrelale,J parts of the majn prob)-em into

smaller subparts.
Tire general problem must l:e'typed .rfter an Arabic
i.:

numeral {i.e. L|2,3, etc.) while the sub-problems must
numbered as

}re

per decimal

{e.

g,

1-

1, 2:! | et-c. ) .

Eachispec5-fic prableur wj.Ll" be folLowed irnrnediately by

itE comespohd,:lng hypothesis. Tlie l-rypot-heses are tentative, intelligent
guesses set fc;rth as possible
't

explanations for an occurrence. They are posted for the
purpose of assisling the researcher in ciirecting the

investigatj on of a probl

em.

The hypotheses should provide the researcfiel:'s

expecled answers to i:he sub*problems. They shrot.tld

he

stated clenrly and urrambiEuously in a

rleql

sl6tive fo.rrn. Use

the nqll trtpothesiC excepf for literary
researches..

o.r

gualitative
.l

Since ,the hypofi.heses are one_on_one
:l

with the

problems,

the numbeling,,of ,tn[ hypotheses must]l:e congruent with the
p_rob1-,ems,.
:

CfiA.PTER 2

DESIGN AI{D METAODOI.OGY

Make an

introductory sentence of tiiis chapt.er.
search Design

Spe11

out anci indicaLe the research method used and
t

reason for the choi.ce of it.
PopuJ'ation and Local.e of the $tudy
r!
n

Preserrt a narrative Cescription ot- the population.
i

start with the universe {entire population} then to the san'Lple. Explain lhe sarnpling technique used , if "iV, When needed, a taLrular presentation of t.he respondenLsr
characteristi-cs may be done after its te-xtual explanation. Table 1. Table Caption

-q--;14

The scope and delj-milation of the study will also be discusseC under this section, but not as an independenL

topic

"

The scope of lhe study ,lefines the.inclusive frame of reference anrJ the procedur:al lj_mit.s, The delirnitation of

the problem sels the p::*cise broundar:ies of lhe problem

area, t,he vari"abl-es antj the sample, and what the resea.rcher will inclnde or exdlude. The sett.ing of the problem should
be stated in terms of geography, periotJ. covered; subjects
and area l.j-mitations. Constraints in resources, data

sources, and administratlve permission should also

be

includerj" it shculd also bv t*re
samp]

r1escr-'ibe

the restraints

imposed

ing method and the restrictions lmposerl by the
Data Gathering Toolls -l

study designed cn t,he irrterpretation of findings
i

Descriu-e briefly

the instrument or: materials usdd
j-s

and

thelr function in the sfudy. If the data g'athering
*' j- ---r /'

through a structured paper-ancl*pencil tool, discussion of the (psychomeLric) character:i-stics, if an:,r, /should be
presented.

fuAt" Gattreringr Frocedure Il shou}l discuss what the researci:er did and ircrvr the
research was done.
Sun-rrnarize

each step iri the execution of

l''

the researchn' including the instructions given to. the part-icipants, Describe the randornizati-on,
counte::balancinq, and olher ccnLrol features in the design.
tment. of the Data
B*t:-'
'
I

i

t
i

thls is
clata.
E

the basis for the evaluation of the

I

appropriateness of the procedure for the analysis of the

or quant itative research, all statistica,l tools

ci
:-

1.,-L(l

gav€,',oif how these: welr.e'ussd '.aQd
, . :.. I . . l'

\

l_c de

the ,$l tatistical
:

tools will
rl

, b..g dl
, :l

.rr 0i re spCI rrd ing nu11 hypothesis, l-t .. . .:.'. ,, ,,. .: . r.,; .,,,., .., r ai' rh t he aRa ysis of the findings.
1..

. 1l,1 li

:'i

)
'.....

1,j

CHAPIER 3

pREsarflrATroN, AIIALYSTS, Slilq TNTERpRETATION OF DAtA

, The presentation. analysis, and ir:t-erpretation of data

per problem inclucies organizing, classifying, and e ;<aniining the data for their rneaning; while the ,sYnthesis of data
emhrraces

the formulation of general principles.
f

., Io assist. in organizlng t-he present.aLion of the f. findings, use subheadings wtrich are hased on tire problems of the study
I

i,
t

TIpe Srrbheading Basgd on General Problem ttere

+'

Xxxxxx xx xx
Xxx .xxxxxxxx xxx

XX,:{XXXX XXX}iXX>{ X;(."{X}I:(X XX XXKX XKXXXXXX XXXXXXXXX;<XXX >(XK XXXXXXXXXXXXXX

Tlrye Sub-FrobLe*n Here as a Free Standing Heading Xxxxx xxxt{xx xx:{}i }ix>(x}txxxx xxxxxxx}:xxxxxxxx xx:t xxxx
XX}IXXH :{X XX>iXX XXX XX XXXXXXX X;{:(XXXX X iix}i.

Presentation of data may be thrr:ugh 1) textual'
which embraces the discussion and analysis of data,

moc1e,

2) tabular mode. wherein ciata is presented wilh the use of
tabl-es, and 3) qraphic mode, wirich fu.::ther clarifies
.
I I

I

certain facts, trends. and relationships which taites
cannot show i-n various shades anci meanings"

{
i

t

,i
d,.

i

I

4

. The narrative description of findings is usually

discussed l:,efore the tabular/graphic presentation of data.
NoLe however,

that flexibility

in maintaining the

sequence inasmuch

of the cliscussion and the table/figure 1s espoused to its reference facilitates
comprehension

a$ present.ation of the table/figure within close proximity

the reader's orienlation

and

.{ Avoid reading of tables, instead analysis and interpretation of data shall focus on their implications,
meanings, and reason these are so. Discussions shdlr g.;*
beyond data.

i

i

Discussions also entail an explanatilon of

+

the iridicators to determine whether the hypotheses are supported or not by the findings. Tdentify and present the major finclngs by discussing possible reasons for thre
occurrencg of results.

corroborate the resurts of the st.udy with previous studies to cfarify and/or confirm the
hypotheses.

Discuss how the study herps resolve rhe probrem and

the implications Lhat can be dravrn from the study. Further suggest field applications of the results.
To end the chapter, always address the main problem by

providing a clinching paragraph.

,1

Y

CH*F*EE. 4
COHC&US

fCINS AI.ID F€COMMENDATION$

l'{ake an i.ntr*du*tory

paraq::aph of this chapter.

Nole that the corlclusions should be lyped i-n paragraph

fcrm.. Conversely, tlre recomlneniJalions may be presented via
enumerati-cn.

Canclusisns

S Conclus-ions are bri-ef generalizations wlij"ch are

deril-ed

fron"L

lhe findinqs.

Acc*rr3ingly, the conclusions
i

are not mere reiteration of ttre f i nC Lngs; on lhe cor{lraryi
these al:e i nferences which can be di scerrred f rorn rhel rcsLrlIs cf the sLuiJy. Fl-exjL:i1-ity is c*nsidered in siaki.ng concli:sions. is not a must Lo state conclusicns on a one-to-one
corcespondence wi,th the"problerns and' th* findings as all

IL

variai:l-es can he suh:sumed in cne paragraph. Conclusions

msy

be stateC as gener alizaLi-ons f ::om a m.icrc to a macro leve1 cr vice \rersa {Zaom Lens approach)'"
Recsnmsrld,a"tions

Reconmrendations

are counsels cr advi-ces

whicl^r are

feasibla anci apeeific.

Recomrnendations which

are intenrJed

t.o motivate the management cf the re*earcher's subjecl /

instj-tLrtion 'to itnprove their preserlI system and concJition

are callerl poJ:cy recommenrlations; whereas, the so-called

-J
11

r€search recoffir"terldaticns are lhr:se aimed at replicating the

thesis for the use anC henefit cf others in the future.

Surname, J-nitials. (year] . Tit]-e; 'Locartjont publj-sher..
Surname,.

Inilials.

* Surname, Inilials.

(year). Titfe

{edition} . tocation: Publisher

E. .Iournal"s / Magazines I Newspalers Surname, IniLials. {year, Monthr d*y}. Tltle of article. c
.$

lVame

of r:earspaper. Page number. tyear, Month dry). Title of article.
1

Surname, Initials"

li
.lJ
t.l 't

Maqazine title,

Vo1, pag€ nunbers,

I

)r

, t
Surname, lnitiaIs.

,tl-g

C. tllnpublished Material"s
(year) . Titfe of disser-tatron.
name

Unpublished doctorate dissertation,

of Acacjemic

Institution,

Location

D, Electronic
fia *-

Sorrrces

Surname, f ni-tials.
t-

{year) , ititle of article

IOnIine]

"

Avaitable

HTTP;

'6ntire wei: pag'e .address lyear,
.

month

day article was viewecll

E, Ottrers
Surname. f nitials.
(j ob pr:sition
)

, & Surname,. Initials

.

(job position) . (year) . f:tle af fittn lritml . {Available from Name of film prociuction, complete
address
)

w

Appendi

x

A

LETTER TO CONNIjCT RSSEARCH

(sample)

February l7,2AB4

Dr. VIRGILIO C. BAUTISTA
The Presidffit Urriversity of Baguio

5lr:
The Hnglish proficiency of Filipin*s has besaffre a national malad:'. Our comparcivc advantage, not only is the local maf,kst bnt alsa in the w*rld of internaticnal besinE*s and eonp$ymeni, has rignificantly declin*d. Tlie culpriq as identified by the DTl, is very l*w Englis,h

proficierrcy.

. lt is thern irnper*five that weys and meann f:e arlopted 1o bring back cne of the Filipinos' marketability factors * the good r*mmand cf the English iangnage" of the keys, ie io let * 9oe students master the bfl.sirs nf thc language, To obtai.n this objrctive, intvresfing strstsgi€$ mnst be u-sed lry language tea*hers; strategies fhat run parallel witli the interest ofth* stadent*"
lt ic in this ligbt that I wa$ld fifce to conduct a research as to fh'o viahility of Cor*putpr. Assisted Ins,truction t.CA{} in teaching basic gramrnar. Most students are into computer* *nd it rnay be very significant to tap this s[udenls' interest.
This research entitled, "Effectiveness of Cornputer-Assisted lnstruction on the Academic Perfoffiarcs af Basic Eaglish $tndents in the {Jniversibr of Bagui{r," entail$ *n expsrimental gruup *f stndents w:h* will tre lre*f*d with CAI on selected grarnrntr tCIpics, In thi* regmd nlay I rsquest that yori allnw me to lss fhe eomputer laborat*ry as my CAI classroorn *a designat*d
meetings.

Thank you very rnuch and more power. Very respectfu lly yours,

Mrs.JOCELYN L. ALIM0NDO
Endnrsed:
vrp" "AtTf {48$t{-4-Sp}fi

'ilgQ Head English Deparunent

N}{r

TEXSS{I4,S& c$?M4rr

Dea4 College clf Liberal Arts

Approved;

nn..3l1*"GILI8 C; BAusffiLA
Prerident

F

APPend;-x

B

]NTERVltr!{ GUlDE
(

saqlle)

What are the differences belween yourformer job in i{ungduan and your present occupation in Baguio?

What are the main $0u'€es of income of yourfamily be{ore migration?

How {id the change oi source of income affect the perSistenCe o{ the community?
*:

What islare the difference/s between the selection of leaders here in the city and that in Hungduan? .

*

Whal customary laws are still being followed in the migrant community?

How do you incorporate these custamary laws with $tate laws?

What were the ceremonies and rituals you've been practicing while you were reniding in Hungduan?

From those rituals you've mentioned, which do ygu pmctice here in Baguio?

Do your visits to your community in Hungduan affect your way of life in the migrant community?

ln general, would you prefer your community in Hungduan over your rnigrant sommunity? Why or why not?

lvor&
?he atr-fendice* present adclitional material of interest to the reyiewer *r reader. TLre mhterial raay n*t fit convenieatty intCI the body of the paper ?"t y ir*partant in reiding er revi*wing ih* *.o*cript. Exlmple of such material includ,es the questionnaire developed hy the authar lar tl;.* research project, compli*atnd nr*themntical computations, and other relevant documents. Each Appendix should be on a separate page The heading I caption of each tabie or n$ure presented must be in uppercase

i

c

+

I

"lt

J

Cu.rricrrlun Vitaa
I

Thj-s final seclion cf the manuscript ccrrtai-ns the

p::ofi,le of the resear:cherls.

BIBIJOGA.NFHT

Alimondo,I.L (e00S).

Effectiueness

af compufer-assisfedr'nsfracffon in.besjc english in

the )lniversity of Baguio. Unpublished master's thesis, University of tsaguio,

Philippines.
Ancheta, M.C.V" & Dumale, R"C. (e0ffi).Prevalence ofanem:a amongrfern ale taculty
members of the $niversity of Baguia.Unpubtished master's thesis, University of

j

Baguio, Philippines.

Aquino, G. (1994). Essenfl'als of researc& and tllesrs writing. Fhilippines: Phoenlx pre$$,
Inc.
A^aarcon, D. E., de Guzman, H. E.,

&

Llanes-Lreaffo, $" (800$). perceptior,u

I

oldrirr*rs and
!

operators toward the traffic schemes impl,ernented by the Cify Gsvernment of Baguio, March 2005. t/Eresearxh jottrna{ Ag, 1, 4l-64.
Bautista, A. {4004). Performance of the faculty, College of Education^ [/8 resea rch jaurnal,

29,2,5-16.
Galinao, N.p" (4005, April l7). An AF? recipe for dictatorship. Eigzagweekly.

p.7.

cantor,I",. & Bungaoen, G. (4005). caries experienee and carbohydrafe intake of preschool children.

W

research jaurnal,2g,

l, l-lg.

Darling, C. (3004). A guide tor writingresearcJr papers ,based on s{yJes rectx"nmended by
flreAmerrc an psycltological associafion [On]ine]. Avaiiab]e at
http:l,1webster. commnet, edu/apa [2004, August S].

Dangatan, C. i?405)" Academic and work performance of stud,ent assistants in the

Universify of Baguio,

,l"r

semeslar

SY

90ffi-8?04. $8 rese arch journal, 2g, !,65-?9.

Degelman, D. (No date). APA styleessendals [Onlinej. Available at http;/,/www.vanguard.
i

edu./faculty/ddegeiman/index.cfrn?doc-id [2004, JuIy Aa].
De$/ey, R. (e000, Septernber 5). ApS researcft style rrib sheef [Online]. Available at

http:/,/www. wooster.edu/psychology/apa-crib. html [A0O4, August I 0].

tr{

ffditorial Bear*. (gSS$, t$ -&,prit). Institirtienal {a*nat lsr thesis/disse{tation and researsh
reparts. (rdc0t0). philippines: finiveysity of Baguio.

Galangc*, R" {2005}- ftelevance of engtish and history curricula of the t}nivereity 9f
Sagnrio

Cclleg* af Educati*n {/Bresea rc}t jouma},3g,
easSr

l, l$,A0.
graduat* sc!too}.

Garrning, M' {iggS). ?hesxxaftXngnrade

a guide for

SLCB

Philippines: New Bagrui,o Offset Press. Kurnar, R" (1SSS). fiesealrcft methadologry: a step-by-step g*ide tarb*ginnars" philippines:
Susy Sook

Ilanee-Leafi*, S. (3$o4). set*rminante of c*llege enrr:lmsnt af tha Univeraity of g*guia,
June 2O04.

ii_

llistributor*"

W

research ja,,:nal,Ag, A, 4S-SS.

l,nn*s, R' (as$5)- fieqpcursrr.en*ss of theiiofej andresfa#ranf rrrdfiag*rnenf
needs

*uol**** ,J**

of

the hospitality industry.Unpublished docrorate theeis, University of

Bagraio, Philippines

ordufra,

t.

{g404). gnglifih l,*ngpag* eitnat}cn *n th* University rlf Bagui*. {J# research
29,

laurnai,

2, 3A-44.

Ptryaean, C' C' {2OO4) . Tke farmatian *{ a c*mmunity brought an
case o{

hy interna} rnigratian:

the

Ifugao migrants. Unpuhlished undergraduate thesis, University of the

Philippinas Sagmi*, Fhilippines.
$anchez,

s. (isgs)- Methods and terhniquss of rese*rcfi, 3d sd. phitippine*:

Rex

Bookstore.

$egnab*n, M. (l*Sg)" Higher *dscati(}n; an invextrnent. $8 rese€/ih journa!,

ZA,

Z, Afi-EZ.

venh:r*, fr. {ls$$}" on yaw'owm: doingrs.geara}i wittt*xt plagiarising.philippixee:
Universify of the Pftiiippinea Walitang, D' (2004). Faetor correlates for dropping and/or failing of students in
chemisft?, aa*logy i:r thg tlnhrersity of sagx.lio" f"ffi re*,eerc& journal, ag, a, sg-g4,

r
[h'

r
i

Wayway, C. (8004). An ethnogrraphic etudy Sunnyside profile fadian, Mountain Frovince

(hi*tory and development) part II. U8researclr jaurna!, 2g,2,'12-92. Wi, R. ( l99S). A four year retrospec-tive study of the laboratory examination results of allied medical sciences students of the University of Baguio. 19,2, l5-Al.
. (4008). Definitions of cammon researci-related terms [Onltne]. Avaiiable at

W research

journal,

http:/Amrw.clinicalreeearch.pitt.edu"/docs/research-rel,ated,_tarms.pdf

[200?,

April26l.
,l
. $itro date). APAcitationformat [Online]. Svailable at

http://wwur.lesley,edu/

library/ggides,/citation/apa.htnl [2004, July 2S].

i

htnl

[2004, Juty 2?J.

. (No date). References us btbliography [Online].

Available athttp://ec.hku.hk/

acadgrammar,/generaVargiue/citation/subtopics/eec?RefiVsBibl.htm [2ffi2, June

lsl.

:-*-l:*-

(No date). Researc}r resources

for everyane [Online]. Avaihble at

http://turnit in.com./research*site/e-important-tenrrs.html [400?, April 26].

com/sfp/learn-/terms. htrnl [2007, April
. (Ng date). Research

2 6J.

fpes [OnlineJ. Available athttp://www.research.
0

'

northwestern.edu/researchlosr/terms.hhnl[400?,Aprit26].

_.(Nodate).(JVofrtle)[online].Avaitrableathtfp://www"ncre1,org/csrVtools/
qkey?/glossary. htm t?l}Ol,April 26J.

w.-

tN:'

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful