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Light Metering

making your aperture & shutter speed work together to get a well exposed photo

Film Exposure ?

what contributes to

Film Exposure ?

what contributes to

aperture setting

Film Exposure ?

what contributes to

aperture setting shutter speed

Film Exposure ?

what contributes to

aperture setting shutter speed film speed (sensitivity)

Film Exposure ?

what contributes to

aperture setting shutter speed film speed (sensitivity)

Think about it like being out in the sun!

Film Exposure ?

what contributes to

aperture setting shutter speed film speed (sensitivity)

Think about it like being out in the sun!

Film Exposure ?

what contributes to

aperture setting shutter speed film speed (sensitivity)

Think about it like being out in the sun!

aperture setting

Film Exposure ?

what contributes to

aperture setting shutter speed film speed (sensitivity)

Think about it like being out in the sun!

aperture setting what is the weather

like? how much sun is getting to you?

Film Exposure ?

what contributes to

aperture setting shutter speed film speed (sensitivity)

Think about it like being out in the sun!

aperture setting what is the weather shutter speed

like? how much sun is getting to you?

Film Exposure ?

what contributes to

aperture setting shutter speed film speed (sensitivity)

Think about it like being out in the sun!

aperture setting what is the weather


in the sun?

like? how much sun is getting to you?

shutter speed out how long are you

Film Exposure ?

what contributes to

aperture setting shutter speed film speed (sensitivity)

Think about it like being out in the sun!

aperture setting what is the weather


in the sun?

like? how much sun is getting to you?

shutter speed out how long are you film speed

Film Exposure ?

what contributes to

aperture setting shutter speed film speed (sensitivity)

Think about it like being out in the sun!

aperture setting what is the weather


in the sun?

like? how much sun is getting to you?

shutter speed out how long are you film speed is your how sensitive
skin? do you burn easily or tan easily?

2 2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 22

most light

1 2 4 8 15 30 60 125 250 500

least light

1000

Think about a water faucet and a bucket. The faucet will act as the aperture and a timer for the shutter speed. The bucket is a properly exposed photograph. When you open the faucet all the way (f/2), water rushes out so you ll the bucket in a very short time (1/1000 sec). This would let in a lot of light for a short time. When you open the faucet just a little bit (f/16), water barely trickles out and takes much more time (1/15 sec) to ll the same bucket. It doesnt matter which combination you choose, the bucket is lled the same amount, just like a photo can be exposed the same amount by various aperture and shutter speed combinations while also controlling motion and depth of eld.

/16

/16

1/30

correctly exposed

/16

1/30

/8

correctly exposed

/16

1/30

/8

1/125

correctly exposed

correctly exposed

/16

1/30

/8

1/125

less time /16 1/125 1/30 /8 1/125

less time /16 1/125 1/30 /8 1/125

underexposed

less time /16 1/125 1/30 /8 1/125

underexposed

wider aperture less time /16 1/125 1/30 /8 /4 1/125

underexposed

overexposed

2 2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 22

most light

1 2 4 8 15 30 60 125 250 500

least light

1000

2 2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 22

most light

1 2 4 8 15 30 60 125 250 500

least light

1000

2 2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 22

most light

1 2 4 8 15 30 60 125 250 500

least light

1000

2 2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 22

most light

least light

1000 500 250 125 60 30 15 8 4 2

2 2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 22

most light

1000 500 250 125 60 30 15 8 4 2

least light

2 2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 22 balanced

1000 500 250 125 60 30 15 8 4 2 1

Equivalent Exposures

/2.8 1/250

/16 1/8

/2.8 1/250

/16 1/8

2.8 @ 1/250 sec.

These images make use of equivalent exposures - using different settings, they accomplish the same exposure - but with different creative effects!

16 @ 1/8 sec.

Equivalent Exposures

125 2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 22 Point of Departure (FOR EXAMPLE)

Equivalent Exposures

125 60 2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 22

Equivalent Exposures

125 60

30

2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 22

Equivalent Exposures

125 60

30

15

2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 22

Equivalent Exposures

250 125 60

30

15

2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 22

Equivalent Exposures

500 250 125 60

30

15

2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 22

Equivalent Exposures

1000 500 250 125 60

30

15

2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 22

Equivalent Exposures

equal light 1000 500 250 125 60 30 15

2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 22

Equivalent Exposures

1000 500 250 125 60

30

15

2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 22

shooting the same photo at different exposures

bracketing:

Equivalent Exposures

1000 500 250 125 60

30

15

2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 22 250 125 60


shooting the same photo at different exposures

bracketing:

Equivalent Exposures

5.6 8 11 1000 500 250 125 60 30 15

2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 22 250 125 60


shooting the same photo at different exposures

bracketing:

How do I know what settings to use?

How do I know what settings to use?


1. Start at your Point of Departure

How do I know what settings to use?


1. Start at your Point of Departure

/8 & 125

How do I know what settings to use?


1. Start at your Point of Departure

/8 & 125

2. Use your cameras light meter

How do I know what settings to use?


1. Start at your Point of Departure

/8 & 125

2. Use your cameras light meter

How do I know what settings to use?


1. Start at your Point of Departure

/8 & 125

2. Use your cameras light meter

Whats a light meter?

How do I know what settings to use?


1. Start at your Point of Departure

/8 & 125

2. Use your cameras light meter

Whats a light meter?

LIGHT

How do I know what settings to use?


1. Start at your Point of Departure

/8 & 125

2. Use your cameras light meter

Whats a light meter?

LIGHT
(thats a light meteor)

Needle Indicator Light Meter not exposed correctly f/8 125

Correct exposure when needles are line up

Needle Indicator Light Meter

f/4 60 properly exposed Correct exposure when needles are line up

Needle Indicator Light Meter over exposed f/8 + 125

Correct exposure when needle is in the middle

Needle Indicator Light Meter

+
f/4 60 properly exposed Correct exposure when needle is in the middle

LED Indicator Light Meter f/8 125

too much light

Correct exposure when green light is on

LED Indicator Light Meter

f/8 500

- too little light

Correct exposure when green light is on

LED Indicator Light Meter

f/8 250

correct exposure

Correct exposure when green light is on

LED Indicator Light Meter

f/8 250

correct exposure

X 1000 500 250 125

60

30

f 2 f 4 f 5.6 f 8 f11 f 16 f 22 Correct exposure when green light is on

Aperture Priority Metering


(you choose the f-stop it tells you the shutter speed)

M
1000 500 250 125 60 30 15 8 4 2 1

Correct exposure when light stays lit

Aperture Priority Metering


(you choose the f-stop it tells you the shutter speed)

M
1000 500 250 125 60 30 15 8 4 2 1

Correct exposure when light stays lit

Aperture Priority Metering


(you choose the f-stop it tells you the shutter speed)

M
1000 500 250 125 60 30 15 8 4 2 1

properly exposed

Correct exposure when light stays lit

Shutter Speed Priority Metering


(you choose the shutter speed it tells you the aperture)

M
22 16 11 8 5.6 4 2.8 1.4

Too much light

Correct exposure when light stays lit

Shutter Speed Priority Metering


(you choose the shutter speed it tells you the aperture)

M
22 16 11 8 5.6 4 2.8 1.4

Correct exposure when light stays lit

Shutter Speed Priority Metering


(you choose the shutter speed it tells you the aperture)

M
22 16 11 8 5.6 4 2.8 1.4

Correct Exposure
Not enough light

Correct exposure when light stays lit

Manual Metering

-2 1 0 1 2 +
Correct exposure when in middle

Manual Metering

One stop overexposed 8 60

-2 1 0 1 2 +
Correct exposure when in middle

Manual Metering

Two stops underexposed 16 125

-2 1 0 1 2 +
Correct exposure when in middle

Manual Metering

Properly exposed 8 125

-2 1 0 1 2 +
Correct exposure when in middle

What to consider when you take a photo:

What to consider when you take a photo:

What is structure of my photo?

What to consider when you take a photo:

What is structure of my photo?


-use the principles of composition

What to consider when you take a photo:

What is structure of my photo?


-use the principles of composition

What do I want to focus on?

What to consider when you take a photo:

What is structure of my photo?


-use the principles of composition

What do I want to focus on?


-focus my lens

What to consider when you take a photo:

What is structure of my photo?


-use the principles of composition

What do I want to focus on?


-focus my lens

What should I light meter on?

What to consider when you take a photo:

What is structure of my photo?


-use the principles of composition

What do I want to focus on?


-focus my lens

What should I light meter on?


-meter off my subject

THE ROBOT EYE


Your cameras ROBOT EYE (a.k.a. the light meter/sensor) is trying to look at what youre photographing and find the MIDDLE VALUE. If you try to get a light meter reading from a really dark or a really light area, your picture will not come out well because the robot eye will think that is the middle value. Instead, try to meter from something IN THE SAME LIGHT as your subject, that really is a middle value.

What is the structure of my composition?

What is the structure of my composition?

Rule of Thirds

What is the structure of my composition?

Rule of Thirds

What is the structure of my composition?

What do I want to focus on?

What do I want to focus on?

What should I Light Meter on?

What should I Light Meter on?

Recompose, check focus, shoot

Recompose, check focus, shoot

What is the structure of my composition?

What is the structure of my composition?

Using the Edges of the Frame

What is the structure of my composition?

What do I want to focus on?

What do I want to focus on?

What do I want to focus on?

What do I want to focus on?

What do I want to focus on?

M
1000 500 250 125 60 30 15 8 4 2 1

M
1000 500 250 125 60 30 15 8 4 2 1

Recompose, check focus, shoot


M
1000 500 250 125 60 30 15 8 4 2 1

Recompose, check focus, shoot

What is the structure of my composition?

1000 500 250 125 60 30 15 8 4 2 1

What is the structure of my composition?

1000 500 250 125 60 30 15 8 4 2 1

Rule of Thirds

What is the structure of my composition?

1000 500 250 125 60 30 15 8 4 2 1

Rule of Thirds Line

What is the structure of my composition?

1000 500 250 125 60 30 15 8 4 2 1

Rule of Thirds Line Using the Edges of the Frame

What do I want to focus on?

1000 500 250 125 60 30 15 8 4 2 1

What do I want to focus on?

1000 500 250 125 60 30 15 8 4 2 1

What should I Light Meter on?

1000 500 250 125 60 30 15 8 4 2 1

What should I Light Meter on?

1000 500 250 125 60 30 15 8 4 2 1

What should I Light Meter on?


1000 500 250 125 60 30 15 8 4 2 1

Recompose, check focus, shoot

1000 500 250 125 60 30 15 8 4 2 1

Recompose, check focus, shoot

Your camera always measures REFLECTED light (light reflecting off a subject and into the camera lens) It cannot measure the light ON something

Your camera always measures REFLECTED light (light reflecting off a subject and into the camera lens) It cannot measure the light ON something

Why is this correctly exposed?

Why is this correctly exposed?

Back light overpowers the light meter

Why is this correctly exposed?

Why is this correctly exposed?

Light meter for a specific area of your subject

Back light overpowers the light meter

Light meter for a specific area of your subject

REMEMBER:

REMEMBER:
Point of departure - /8 & 125

REMEMBER:
Point of departure - /8 & 125 but you may have to DEPART from this!

REMEMBER:
Point of departure - /8 & 125 but you may have to DEPART from this! What do the settings CONTROL? Use this knowledge!

REMEMBER:
Point of departure - /8 & 125 but you may have to DEPART from this! What do the settings CONTROL? Use this knowledge! Once you start getting close to finishing your roll, be careful! If it is hard to advance, DONT ADVANCE IT

REMEMBER:
Point of departure - /8 & 125 but you may have to DEPART from this! What do the settings CONTROL? Use this knowledge! Once you start getting close to finishing your roll, be careful! If it is hard to advance, DONT ADVANCE IT REWIND your roll BEFORE opening the camera. Ask me for help if you need to!

Movement:
move the subject, move the camera, freeze the action

1/30

Point of View:
get low, look down, turn sideways, get underneath, crop, zoom

Focus:
blur the foreground, blur the background, have great depth of eld, shallow d. of eld

f 5.6

Portrait:
make a gure stand out in the environment, have them lost in it, zoom in on their face, take a portrait not of their face.

Light Metering

Names of Group Members:

In your group load a camera with lm, focus your camera, compose a photograph. Find the correct exposure, take a photo, advance the lm, and write down your settings. You have 24 exposures so take turns photographing and posing. You may start wherever just number the photos 1-24 as you shoot them.

Movement: move the subject, move the camera, freeze the action, blur the action # shutter speed f/stop description of photo

Point of View: get low, look down, turn sideways, get underneath, crop, zoom # shutter speed f/stop description of photo

front

back

Light Metering

Names of Group Members:

In your group load a camera with lm, focus your camera, compose a photograph. Find the correct exposure, take a photo, advance the lm, and write down your settings. You have 24 exposures so take turns photographing and posing. You may start wherever just number the photos 1-24 as you shoot them.

Movement: move the subject, move the camera, freeze the action, blur the action # shutter speed f/stop description of photo

Point of View: get low, look down, turn sideways, get underneath, crop, zoom # shutter speed f/stop description of photo

there are 24 shots on a roll of film: try to have 6 for each category. each person in your group should take 6-8 photos. back

front

Light Metering

Names of Group Members:

In your group load a camera with lm, focus your camera, compose a photograph. Find the correct exposure, take a photo, advance the lm, and write down your settings. You have 24 exposures so take turns photographing and posing. You may start wherever just number the photos 1-24 as you shoot them.

Movement: move the subject, move the camera, freeze the action, blur the action # shutter speed f/stop description of photo

Light Metering

Berk, Sonia, Emma & DeAndre


Names of Group Members:

In your group load a camera with lm, focus your camera, compose a photograph. Find the correct exposure, take a photo, advance the lm, and write down your settings. You have 24 exposures so take turns photographing and posing. You may start wherever just number the photos 1-24 as you shoot them.

Movement: move the subject, move the camera, freeze the action, blur the action # shutter speed f/stop description of photo

Movement: move the subject, move the camera, freeze the action, blur the action # shutter speed f/stop description of photo

Point of View: get low, look down, turn sideways, get underneath, crop, zoom # shutter speed f/stop description of photo

Movement: move the subject, move the camera, freeze the action, blur the action # shutter speed f/stop description of photo

30

16

Berk running, camera panning (Sonia)

Point of View: get low, look down, turn sideways, get underneath, crop, zoom # shutter speed f/stop description of photo

Movement: move the subject, move the camera, freeze the action, blur the action # shutter speed f/stop description of photo

1 2

30 125

16 Berk running, camera panning (Sonia) 22 Emma waving her arms (DeAndre)

Point of View: get low, look down, turn sideways, get underneath, crop, zoom # shutter speed f/stop description of photo

Movement: move the subject, move the camera, freeze the action, blur the action # shutter speed f/stop description of photo

1 2

30 125

16 Berk running, camera panning (Sonia) 22 Emma waving her arms (DeAndre)

Point of View: get low, look down, turn sideways, get underneath, crop, zoom # shutter speed f/stop description of photo

125

5.6

everyones feet, bugs eye view (Berk)

1000

Sonias hand, shallow depth of field (Emma)

4 1000 5 125

2 16

Sonias hand, shallow depth of field (Emma) By tennis court fence, great d.o.f. (Berk)

4 1000 5 125

2 16

Sonias hand, shallow depth of field (Emma) By tennis court fence, great d.o.f. (Berk)

250

5.6

Self-portrait, reflected in water (DeAndre)

Movement: move the subject, move the camera, freeze the action, blur the action # shutter speed f/stop description of photo

1 2

30 125

16 Berk running, panning (Sonia) 22 Emma waving her arms (DeAndre)

Point of View: get low, look down, turn sideways, get underneath, crop, zoom # shutter speed f/stop description of photo

125

5.6

everyones feet, bugs eye view (Berk)

Movement: move the subject, move the camera, freeze the action, blur the action # shutter speed f/stop description of photo

1 2

30 125

16 Berk running, panning (Sonia) 22 Emma waving her arms (DeAndre)

Point of View: get low, look down, turn sideways, get underneath, crop, zoom # shutter speed f/stop description of photo

3 125 7 500

5.6 4

everyones feet, bugs eye view (Berk) inside the tree looking out (Sonia)

Movement: move the subject, move the camera, freeze the action, blur the action # shutter speed f/stop description of photo

1 30 2 125 8 1000

16 Berk running, panning (Sonia) 22 Emma waving her arms (DeAndre) 4 Sonia doing a cartwheel (Emma)

Point of View: get low, look down, turn sideways, get underneath, crop, zoom # shutter speed f/stop description of photo

3 125 7 500

5.6 4

everyones feet, bugs eye view (Berk) inside the tree looking out (Sonia)