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University of KwaZulu-Natal School of Mathematical Sciences

MATH134: Quantitative Methods I Test 2


Date: Friday April 25, 2008 Max Time Allowed: 60 min Total Marks: 35 This test contains 19 multiple choice questions. For each question, indicate your answer by marking the corresponding letter on the MCQ answer sheet provided. The mark allocation for each question is given in square brackets [ ]. Negative marking will not be applied. Q1. If y x 2 6, then a. b. c. d. e. dy dx 1

2x 6 2x 1 x 2x none of the above.

Q2. Find the derivative of fx


3 a. 4x 3 4x 3 3x 1 3x 4 b. 3x 1 2 3 c. 4x 32 3x 1 d. x 2 4x 3 4x 3 3x 1 3x 4 e. 3x 1 2

x4 . 3x 1

Q3. If P 4x 2 x 10 , then the derivative dP equals: dx 9 2 a. 104x x 8x 1 b. 108x 1 9 c. 104x 2 x8x 1 9 d. 80x 19 10x 9 e. none of the above. Q4. The definition of the derivative is fx fx x a. f x lim x x0 fx x fx b. f x lim x x0 fx x fx c. f x lim x x0 fx x fx d. f x lim x x0

e. none of the above. y Q5. If fx 1 , the difference quotient, , is: x x 1 a. xx x b. c. d. e. 1 x xx x 2

1 x xx x 1 xx x 1 x x xx x 1

Q6. The demand function for a gas cookers is pQ 360 3Q. What is the total revenue function? a. 3 b. 360Q 3Q 2 360 3Q c. Q d. 360Q 2 3Q 3 e. 360 6Q

Q7. What is the marginal revenue function for the demand function in question 6 (above) when the demand is 40 gas cookers? 2 a. 240 b. 9600 c. 6 d. 3 e. 120 Q8. Solve for x, to 2 decimal places, if 3 e x 17. a. x 1. 73 b. x 2. 64 c. x 1. 15 d. x 2. 58 e. none of the above 2

Q9. Solve for x, to 2 decimal places, if x 7 20 a. No real solution exists. b. x 1. 28 10 9 c. x 23. 67 d. x 1. 28 e. x 1. 53 Q10. Find a. b. c. d. e. dy if y 3e 4x e x e. dx 3e 4x e x 1 12e 4x e x e 1 3 4x 1 x 4x x 12e e 1 3 4x 1 1 x

Q11. What is the derivative of y log e x 5 ? a. y 5 x b. y 5log e x 4 e x 4 c. y 5 1 x d. y 5log e x 4 1 x e. none of the above. Q12. Solve f x 0 if fx x 3 27x. a. x 27 b. x 0 c. x 0 and x 9 d. x 3 e. None of these are solutions. Q13. What is the local maximum value for fx x 3 27x? a. 9 b. 108 c. 54 d. 18 e. None of these.

Q14. Farmer Brown wants to build a new rectangular chicken pen on his farm. He needs: the area of the pen to be 60 m 2 the pen to border the farm fence so that he only has to fence 3 sides of the chicken pen to use a minimum amount of fencing. Give a formula for the amount of fencing needed. a. xy b. x 2 y c. x y [1]

d. 2x y e. 2xy Q15. What dimensions will minimise the amount of fencing needed for Farmer Browns chicken pen? [2] a. x 6, y 10 b. x 5, y 10 c. x 30 , y 60 30 d. x 60 , y 60 60 e. x , y 60 30 Q16. Find and simplify P if P xy log e x . x xy log e x a. logx 2 y x b. log e xxy log e x1 c. y log e x logx 2 y 1 d. y x e. xy log e x y y log e x Q17. The Big-M method is being used to solve a maximisation linear programming problem. The following step has been reached: cj cB 2 M x1 x6 zj cj zj Complete the last two rows and the Ratio" column of the tableau. Only one of the following statements is true. Which one is it? [2] (a) x 2 enters the basis and x 1 leaves the basis. (b) x 2 enters the basis and x 6 leaves the basis. (c) x 3 enters the basis and x 1 leaves the basis. (d) x 3 enters the basis and x 6 leaves the basis. (e) x 5 enters the basis and x 6 leaves the basis. Q18. Consider the following linear programming problem: 2 4 x2 9/2 1 0 0 0 0 M M x5 1/4 x6 0 1 Solution Ratio 3 12 [2]

Basis x 1

x3 x4

1/4 1/4

1/2 1 1/2

Maximize subject to

P 3x 1 x 2 x1 x2 3 2x 1 x 2 4 x1, x2 0

Which one of the following partially completed simplex tableaux is the correct initial simplex tableau? [2] (a) 3 1 cj x1 x2 zj cj zj (b) cB M 0 cj x3 x4 zj cj zj (c) cB M 0 cj x3 x4 zj cj zj (d) cB M 0 cj x4 x5 zj cj zj (e) None of the above 3 1 2 1 0 M 0 x4 1 0 x 5 Solution Ratio 0 1 3 4 3 1 2 1 M 0 x 3 x 4 Solution Ratio 1 0 0 1 3 4 1 1 3 1 2 1 M 0 x 3 x 4 Solution Ratio 1 0 0 1 3 4 1 1 3 1 2 1 1 1 3 4 c B Basis x 1 x 2 Solution Ratio

Basis x 1 x 2

Basis x 1 x 2

Basis x 1 x 2 x 3 1 1 1 0

Q19. The simplex method is being used to solve a maximisation linear programming problem. The following step has been reached: cj 0 0 3 x3 x4 x1 zj cj zj Proceed with the simplex method until an optimal tableau is reached. The optimal solution is [3] (a) x 1 5, x 2 11, x 3 15, x 4 0, x 5 0, P 55 (b) x 1 15, x 2 0, x 3 5, x 4 11, x 5 0, P 55 (c) x 1 15, x 2 5, x 3 0, x 4 11, x 5 0, P 55 (d) x 1 11, x 2 15, x 3 0, x 4 0, x 2 5, P 55 (e) x 1 0, x 2 0, x 3 5, x 4 11, x 5 15, P 55 3 0 0 1 2 1 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 5 21 15

c B Basis x 1 x 2 x 3 x 4 x 5 Solution Ratio 0 1 1 1 0 1