Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina-
Table of Contents
Manifesto Hristov
Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic
Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina- Table of Contents
Hristov

Table of Contents

I. Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The
Romantic Manifesto
About the Book

About the Author

Overall Summary

Chapter-by-Chapter Commentary & Summary

List of Important People

Key Terms and Definitions

Major Themes and Symbols

Interesting Related Facts

Sources and Additional Reading

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Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina- Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic
Manifesto Hristov Manifesto
Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic
Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina- Manifesto
Hristov

I.

Quicklet on Ayn
Rand's The Romantic
Manifesto

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to demonstrate how these ideals can improve the human spirit and condition. “The Fountainhead” and “Atlas Shrugged. Rand proceeds to include examples of influential artists of her time. Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina.” This book includes a collection of essays and one short story ("The Simplest Thing in the World"). Along with. A “valid” form of art. this book not contain material by Branden or any other authors besides Rand. The essay entitled "Introduction to Ninety-Three” was also published as an introduction to a novel by the French writer Victor Hugo. “The Romantic Manifesto” remains one of Rand’s most important works especially with regard to her theories about literature and other forms of Hyperink Quicklets 3 Hyperink Quicklets .Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina.” This was the first book Rand published without collaborating with her former protege Nathaniel Branden. In each essay. The author divides artistic endeavors into two types: "valid" and "invalid" forms. Rand views art not only as a form of expression. The revised edition in 1975 added the essay "Art and Cognition. Manifesto Hristov About the Book “Art is the indispensable medium for the communication of a moral idea. The first edition of the book was published by The World Publishing Company in 1969. but as a medium for effective communication. The essays represent her own analysis of artistic creation and her distinct theory with respect to art without any reliance on conventional wisdom or popular cultural concepts. and unlike her two previous essay collections. An “invalid” art form would be an art form that simply captures reality as it is without necessarily representing an ideal or becoming a vessel for a moral message. in Rand’s opinion. always aims to idealize and elevate the human spirit. Most of the essays in the book originally appeared in The Objectivist. which allows the artist to articulate moral ideals and. rather than simply recording reality.” “The Romantic Manifesto” remains one of Ayn Rand’s most famous books and a prominent 20-century literary achievement. Rand discusses on the nature of art from a different perspective and reflects upon the importance of art for human life in general . whose work she believes represents “valid” art by embracing and promoting moral messages that ultimately raise human awareness higher and present an ideal.

because its structure as separate essays. allows for each essay to focus on a different aspect of her theory. rather than a comprehensive novel. Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina. Hyperink Quicklets 4 Hyperink Quicklets . The book presents Rand’s views in a very clear manner.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina. Manifesto Hristov art.

Rand continued her studies at the State Institute for Cinema Arts in 1924 . Throughout her life. which she embraced. (Ayn Rand Institute. where Rand graduated from high school. Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina. she found a source of inspiration in European writing and especially admired the French writer Victor Hugo. Slate Magazine. she enrolled the University of Petrograd to study philosophy and history. The final Communist victory resulted in the confiscation of her father’s pharmacy and periods of near-starvation for the family. In order to escape the fighting during the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917. where she enrolled to study screenwriting. Petersburg. In addition to devoting herself to her studies. Manifesto Hristov About the Author “If a dedication page were to precede the total of my work. (Ayn Rand Institute. When she was still a child. Her last year of high school brought Rand’s introduction to American history and culture. Russia. Rand obtained permission to leave Soviet Russia to visit relatives in the Hyperink Quicklets 5 Hyperink Quicklets . her family went to the Crimea. A Brief Biography of Ayn Rand). she discovered a French literary magazine that demonstrated the heroic vision of art.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina. on February 2.” Born in St. As she prepared to graduate in 1924. Rand published her first work: a booklet on actress Pola Negri (1925) and a booklet titled “Hollywood: American Movie City” (1926). How Ayn Rand Became an American Icon)When the family returned from the Crimea. Ayn Rand was only six years old when she taught herself to read and only nine when she decided to make writing her career. She denounced both the Kerensky Revolution and the Bolshevik Revolution which she witnessed while still in high school. Rand also found pleasure and artistic enrichment in watching Western films and plays as well as Viennese operettas. In late 1925. John. whose ideals of individual liberty she immediately embraced. 1905. A Brief Biography of Ayn Rand). Since childhood. the communists took over the university and began to place restrictions on free speech. Rand remained opposed to the mysticism and collectivism of Russian culture. it would read: To the glory of Man. A great admirer of cinema. (Harari. both reprinted in 1999 in Russian Writings on Hollywood.

Manifesto Hristov United States. Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina. after rejections by twelve publishers. O’Connor and Rand got married in 1929 and remained married until his death fifty years later. “Red Pawn” premiered in Hollywood and then on Broadway. obtained an extension to her visa. during the first several years. Although she told Soviet authorities that she would return after a short stay. she had decided to leave Russia forever. Rand intended to pursue a career as a screenplay writer. A Brief Biography of Ayn Rand). When she moved to Hollywood. However.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina. Inc. After arriving in New York City in February 1926. received multiple rejections until The Macmillan Company in the United States and Cassells and Company in England both published it in 1936.” which she finished in 1934. she spent the next six months with her relatives in Chicago. including one in the wardrobe department at the RKO Radio Pictures. Via Flickr In 1943. (Ayn Rand Institute. where she met the actor Frank O’Connor. she took on a variety of non-writing jobs. Rand published her famous novel “The Hyperink Quicklets 6 Hyperink Quicklets . and then left for Hollywood. an autobiographical book about her life under Soviet tyranny called “We. her first stage play. the Living. In 1932. Her first novel.

Ayn Rand) Hyperink Quicklets 7 Hyperink Quicklets . objectivism. as “a philosophy for living on earth.” which was her last work of fiction and an illustration of her philosophy that artists should create heroic fictional characters with firmly identified moral principles. Catherine. She died on March 6. Manifesto Hristov Fountianhead” with the Bobbs-Merrill Company. and published her own periodicals from 1962 to 1976. “Atlas Shrugged.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina. 1982. after moving to New York. In 1951. in her New York City apartment. Ayn Rand described her philosophy. (Daligga. Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina. The novel became a bestseller within months gaining Rand a reputation as a champion of individualism.” She proceeded to lecture on this philosophy in various settings. Rand finished her second major novel. Jewish Virtual Library.

The Psycho-Epistemology of Art In this essay. 3.She proceeds to discuss what forms of art are Hyperink Quicklets 8 Hyperink Quicklets . 4. as represented in the style of the artist. She believes the influence of art is deeply personal and that it has accompanied men from the pre-historical age but that many take art for granted instead of exploring its importance. Art and Sense of Life The third essay in the “Romantic Manifesto” proceeds to explain that a work of art reflects the sense of life of the artists. Depending on the audience. 2. Rand states that the powerful influence of art over human life has remained “a dark mystery” to scholars. Manifesto Hristov Overall Summary "Anyone who fights for the Future lives in it today. She blames a philosophy of selflessness for the neglect of the importance of art and suggests that art does have a practical purpose at all times." 1. Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina. the work of art may evoke approval or rejection. which means that human beings need to formulate a sense of life through a process of cognitive and emotional abstraction.Philosophy and Sense of Life In the second essay of the book. humans define what is important to them and the “integrated sum of a man’s basic values” is what defines the sense of his life. A sense of life is not infallible but it is the driving force behind art. It expresses the artist’s core values and tries to convey them to the artist’s audience in a manner that would exert powerful emotional influence. Eventually. Art and Cognition In this essay. Rand declares that one of the important features of art is that it teaches people how to use their consciousness by conveying a certain way of looking at existence. Rand writes that religion is only a primitive form of philosophy but that human nature makes it impossible to refrain from generalizing.

she does not believe that drug addicts. Romanticism accepts the idea of volition. characterization and style. Manifesto Hristov valid based on how they relate to human cognition and whether they make it possible for a moral message to reach the artist’s audience. 5. Rand claims that some artists almost secretly have a desire to depict heroes who can inspire people but that they fall prey to the pressure of choosing weak and Hyperink Quicklets 9 Hyperink Quicklets . Instead. She also rejects a tendency in modern art to choose subjects and characters that do not elevate the human spirit. art should center around “heroes” who embody the greatest extent of human virtue. For example. 6. instead. What is Romanticism? Rand defines romanticism as a “category of art based on the recognition of the principle that man possesses a faculty of volition. like a news piece in journalism. Basic Principles of Literature The fifth essay in Rand’s book states that the essential attributes of a novel are its theme. or individuals with psychological problems should be the topic or the characters in a work of art. Romanticism embraces the idea that art involves an evaluation of rational values. all of the elements of a work of literature should instead transmit a message. which reports what happened. The Esthetic Vacuum of Our Age Rand believes that an esthetic vacuum occurs when art becomes merely a depiction of reality. and when but does not deliberately include a moral judgement. which means that the audience for every type of art also possesses certain fundamental values which may or may not agree with the values of the artist. plot. She insists that literature should do more than convey a certain mood.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina. which come together in an indivisible sum in order to transmit the message of the writer. Thus. 7. She also claims that a novel is the major form of literary art because it allows the writer unlimited freedom of expression and does not require a performance artist as an intermediary.” She once again states her theory that every artists re-creates those aspects of reality that represent the artists’ core values. Bootleg Romanticism The eighth essay in the book once again argues that art is the barometer of society’s deepest philosophical values and that it may also provide a way to diagnose society’s problems. Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina. She also emphasizes that art reflects the philosophy of the age when its author created it. children born with abnormalities. 8.

9. but to portray an ideal man as “an end in himself. not an essay. She rejects the idea that artists should be “friends of the people” by picking themes or characters that harmonize with an average person’s life and ability. The Goal of My Writing The last essay in the book explains that the purpose of Rand’s writing is “the projection of the ideal man. although these are also important. but he can’t do it because of ideas about plots that describe the world as it really is. 10.” Her desirel is not so much to instruct and inspire the reader’s intellectual development. He understands that doing so would be the simplest thing in the world. the author states that artists should not have to apologize for their own values or deny them even if such values do not coincide with popular and conventional opinion. as characters for their artwork. She warns the readers not to expect to see “folks next door” in his novels but to instead prepare to meet heros and moral “giants” who demonstrate not what reality is but what it should be. Art and Moral Treason In this essay. Rand praises the work of the French writer Victor Hugo. The Simplest Thing in the World The last piece in “The Romantic Manifesto” is a short story. Hyperink Quicklets 10 Hyperink Quicklets . but it would be the wrong approach. 11. 12. Manifesto Hristov humble individuals. To do so would mean a moral self-betrayal that would lead to personal psychological problems that go on to impact society as a whole. Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina. The main character Henry Dorn sits down at his kitchen table to write a bestseller. Introduction to Ninety-Three In this essay.” not as a means for achieving another goal.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina. The story shows how an artist’s values affect his creative processes. who are not at all talented or heroic. or individuals.

Humans have the same experience with any type of perception. it becomes part of a larger network of cognitive connections. art remains related to real cognitive experiences and the idea of “selflessness” blinds people to the true meaning of art. Instead.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina. The mind views all of these attributes at the same time: the perception of the table is one of a single. many artists continue to search guidance from mystical “oracles” for their work instead of approaching artistic work with reason and logic in the same way that we regard other areas of knowledge and human life. which the mind builds through integration of a great amount of conceptual knowledge and experience which the person acquired piece by piece in the past. can. Manifesto Hristov Chapter-by-Chapter Commentary & Summary 1. the adult mind recognizes that this is man-made object with a specific purpose for daily life. building a growing process of automatization. nor the perception of art. a piece of furniture from a certain material. Neither the creation. and with a specific shape and style. adults do perceive a table as a child perceives it. Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina. For example. Art has somehow remained a domain not to undergo questioning or analysis and taken for granted as a sphere ruled by the “unknownable demons” of emotions. In fact. and. Hyperink Quicklets 11 Hyperink Quicklets .The Psycho-Epistemology of Art “Psycho-epistemology” describes a method of awareness through which the mind habitually deals with the content of a piece of writing or another type of artwork. One cannot view art in a vacuum without automatically connecting it with human philosophy and experience and without building a holistic view of the piece that the mind perceives. That is why art remains connected to reality and practicality. including their understanding of art. a mere object with legs . therefore be a “selfless” act. The conscious mind perceives everything by establishing connections with existing experiences experiences. Regrettably. indivisible percept. such as science.

Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina. In order to act. and place importance on the avoidance of pain or loss. by means of an emotional generalization. throughout their life. values.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina. anxiety and uncertainty coming from a sense of unknown in life. risk and even adventure. A lack of such harmony influences two important aspects of man’s existence: love and art. unverbalized estimate of the value and meaning of their own existence. even without such reasoned reflection. each individual has subconsciously formed a position in the universe. One’s sense of life acts as a guide in selecting the object of romantic love. Yet.” which also drives people to resign to accepting subjectivity rather than seeking a firm philosophical value system. not everyone consciously constructs such a philosophy which leads to fear. Some have reached the conclusion that a life of happiness and success is possible. 2. humans cannot achieve neither conscious. Although every human being develops a philosophy of life. The conscious power of philosophy is absolutely necessary in order to validate an emotional appraisal. so that love can emerge as a combination of reason and feelings and become the greatest reward in human life. while others prefer routine and safety. every human being needs to define a code of values that motivate these actions and cannot escape from the need to formulate such a code of values. which. Without a sense of life as a cognitive guide. by an identified.Philosophy and Sense of Life Every human being forms a philosophy of life “subconsciously. Humans can form these views without ever deliberately or consciously analyzing what human life is or what logical reasons exists that may justify or disprove their views. nor subconscious harmony. through.” Different motivations lead to the formation of obviously: some individuals seek independence. making them believe that they have no rational choice in selecting an object of romantic affection. The belief that love comes “from the heart” and does not involve reason or philosophy can have tragic consequences for people. Regardless of the particular philosophy. their experiences become integrated into a core attitude toward life. which create a human being’s unique personality. will remain basis for every immediate reaction to new experiences. One falls in love with the embodiment of values in a person’s character. Hyperink Quicklets 12 Hyperink Quicklets . Romantic love arises as a response values. while others believe that humans are doomed to fail. Manifesto Hristov This tendency to ignore man’s natural desire for reason and knowledge and to accept certain phenomena as mystical and “unknown” results from the philosophy of “altruism” or “selflessness.

Although there is a purely esthetic component to evaluating art. unreasonable. art acts as a voice of the artist’s sense of life. one can appreciate a work of art for its philosophical values without liking it subjectively or aesthetically. much like love. The main purpose is to bring forth the view of man that constitutes the artist’s values. It directs the artist’s choice of subject and character as well as the smallest details pertaining to the artist’s style. Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina. Therefore. analyze its abstract meaning of his work and evaluate the means of expression he used to convey this meaning. subconsciously integrated appraisal of man and his existence. human understanding of art often involves an aura of mystery and a belief that one has no control over making a judgment about the value of art. Objective and reasonable evaluations requires an attempt to understand the theme of the artist’s work. an emotional. Thus. Many other shade Hyperink Quicklets 13 Hyperink Quicklets . However. The artists selects and isolates those aspects of reality that represent his or her values and omits the parts of reality that are not significant tho this value system.” Every piece of art begins with this abstract idea of the meaning which he represents through particular artistic details. Art and Sense of Life The third essay in the “Romantic Manifesto” defines a “sense of life” as a “pre-conceptual equivalent of metaphysics. Every artistic creation comes from the artist thinking: “This is what art means for me. This does not mean that one must agree with an artist in order to appreciate a work of art’s value. this is not an emotion in the ordinary meaning of the term but rather a “sense” or a “feeling” which is both profoundly personal but also value-meaning. especially when a person feels a deep emotional connection to a piece of art. One’s sense of life. reason and feelings. however. inevitably becomes involved in appreciating art. This selection “constitutes an evaluation” of what is good and valuable in the world. a true and profound understanding of art requires a philosophical analysis. Although there is emotion involved in art . not through a mystical. art is a selective re- creation of reality according to the artists’ value judgments and philosophy of life.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina. Unfortunately. through integrating mind and heart. and one can only truly grasp its meaning through the prism of a personal sense of life as well.” The artist’s sense of life controls and integrate his work. 3. or random attraction that nobody can control. Manifesto Hristov Appreciating art should occur in a similar matter to the birth of romantic love.

4. and the other.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina. removing the opportunity to integrate those sensations Hyperink Quicklets 14 Hyperink Quicklets . in romantic love. in real life. without burdening the audience with less important details. In her preceding essays in “The Romantic Manifesto. the artists begins to create a piece of work that represents what is “metaphysically essential” and allows the audience of the art to grasp the concrete representation of those essential values. The selectivity of the creative process allows artists to narrow down a conceptual focus." Modern artists often choose to reduce one’s interaction with artwork to a level of mere sensations or superficial moods. Art and Cognition This essay addresses the question what constitutes a valid form of art. The artist can provide an isolated abstraction of what is significant. Music uses "sounds produced by the periodic vibrations of a sonorous body” which affects hearing and man's sense-of-life emotions.” Finally. a true understanding of art demands an attempt to grasp its meaning in objective philosophical terms provides deep insight into man’s character. "Art and Cognition." offers a justification for this system of classification by reiterating her idea that an artist relies on a system of fundamental values in order to create art. which re-creates reality through language and a “field of concepts. One can differentiate the major branches of art according to the media employed and their relationship to human condition. Manifesto Hristov and degrees of liking art exists. there are different states of attraction and infatuation. Both the artist and the artist’s audience reveal their naked souls: one in creating artwork. just like. Once the artist has selected and recreated those aspects of reality that represent his or her fundamental values. in evaluating it. This theory of the psycho-epistemological function of art is the crux of objectivist esthetics and it serves as explanation of why art is important to human life. Painting uses the “field of sight. However. Sculpture employs solid materials and affects the sense of touch. individuals perceive and a remember a wide range of perception. Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina. literature. which may not necessarily involve what is metaphysically most important. which do not always grow into profound romantic love. Such a focused approach is important because. This issue of aesthetics has attracted many thinkers and writers in the twentieth century.” The major art categories known as fine arts. Art serves a concretization of metaphysics.

but more importantly. thus. the artists’ own view of the world. Selectivity would allow the writer to present a heroic character with strong and admirable features.” In her view. which are guardians of rational perception. style. which create his or her unique personality. does not deserve the consideration of the audience. Thus. Characterization and Style. All humans require a precise definition of a piece of art in order to categorize it and understand it. The theme. Rand defines the “plot” as a “purposeful progression of logically connected events leading to the resolution of a climax. An artist who claims that no philosophical values inform his or her work. and value system. which is the general abstract meaning of the novel. A theme is “the summation of a novel’s abstract meaning. or on a character that is a misfit or a reject by common societal norm. as a “choice of content and choice of words” combined together to reflect not just the artist’s emotions and unique personality. Characters are also crucial for a novel because they obviously both express the theme and move the plot forward through their actions. another key aspect of a novel. 5. In Rand’s view. Manifesto Hristov into a philosophical evaluation of art. becomes visible through all the stages of the plot. refers to the way in which the author portrays the specific traits of a human being. modern art sadly deprives its audience of the capacity to think rationally and remove the opportunity to use reason. The final component. which goes against true human nature. Hyperink Quicklets 15 Hyperink Quicklets . If art remains unintelligible or undefinable. an author should be selective about the characters chosen and about the specific character features that deserve a detailed portrayal. which is The integration of plot and theme (plot-theme) is the mark of a good novel.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina. a good novel integrates the plot and theme seamlessly. the mundane. rather than focusing on the average. it would not sparkle anyone’s real interest.” The wirter expresses the theme of the piece through the actions that construct the plot. Works of art function like any other entity in the universe: they require that one defines their essential characteristics so as not to disintegrate in a mental chaos of perception. Characterization. Theme is the essential abstract meaning of the novel while plot-theme is the “core of the events”. Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina. Plot. The consequences of such a philosophical default include a destruction of logic and moral definitions. the “person next door” type of character. Basic Principles of Literature The essential attributes of literature are Theme.

and universally valid principles of man’s nature.” which she believes should drive all art. The components of a novel are inseparably integrated. selecting a worthy theme and character is not enough to transmit a moral message. The nineteenth century brought a perception of a human being who possesses volition and has control over life. Determinism was a basic premise that writers used so readers could not attempt to predict what would happen to anyone.The main goal of Romanticism is to show man as “he ought to be. The philosophy of romanticism regarded human beings as capable of establishing values.The Hyperink Quicklets 16 Hyperink Quicklets . or two. the strengths of the other three cannot compensate. essential. The artist chooses to depict those facets of reality that best represent not reality itself. Victor Hugo is a great example a master of theme-plot integration. or even three of its attribute. but the part of reality that the artist finds worthy or valuable. and focuses instead the abstract.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina. if the plot does not integrate the theme successfully. A successful novel cannot rely on excelling in just one. Manifesto Hristov Every component of a good novel involves a selective recreation of reality. Moreover. Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina. Any piece of art that fails to employ such selectivity and chooses themes and characters that fall short of a moral ideal does not qualify as “valid” art. The goal is selectivity. 6. not accuracy. “ a representation of an artist’s true “hero. It stays away from every-day details. either because he was at the mercy of the gods. instead. as in Greek tragedies or he suffered because of his own flaws. which would be typical of journalistic writing.” The purpose of this essay is to examine and define the nature and philosophy of this school of literature. or at the mercy of fate. controlling their own existence and achieving goals. 7. although no specific rules apply as to which component the writer should explore first. The Esthetic Vacuum of Our Age Literature prior to the nineteenth century presented man as helpless. as in Shakespeare’s plays. while others may envision a character and build a theme and plot around this particular character. and the values the character embodies. Some artists may choose to start with a theme and develop characters and a plot from a thematic starting point. Romanticism as a movement concerns itself with values and morality. For those who aspire to write well. literature seemed to offer a recording of predetermined events. What is Romanticism? This essay explains the philosophy of the school of “Romanticism. If one of them is lacking.

Art and Moral Treason Whenever an artist does not rely on a personal system of values to create art. ultimately ending with a victory. as Romanticism became the great new movement in art. 9. Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina. Naturalism did not focus on values. selecting. Writer in this movement discussed the events that should happen. which otherwise guide a person’s choices. Art no longer stems for one’s sense of life philosophy and though it could touch one’s senses it does not really impact cognition because it fails to embody or influence a philosophical understanding of the world. the new ruler of man’s destiny became society. Some works of art portray a struggle between “good” and “evil” forces. Most artists in modern time shy away from staying true to their values and settle for a simplified version of Romantic literature. Naturalist writers rejected the concept of volition and once again depicting people as helpless creatures controlled by a superior force. Manifesto Hristov novel soon became the proper literary form to reveal this portrayal of humankind. instead. In the later part of the nineteenth century. idealizing or relying on any kind of moral value compass results in an esthetic vacuum in art. they discussed what moral choices people ought to make. these representations does not reach deep enough into a philosophy of life to truly inform moral judgements. They do not represent values. 8. which did not involve God or fate. This accusation is superficial because it fails to acknowledge that Romantic writers do not choose to create a glamorous artificial Hyperink Quicklets 17 Hyperink Quicklets . Naturalist writers focus on simply recording reality and accuse romantic writers of seeking an “escape” in focusing on ideals. A new movement called Naturalism emerged. are an example of such an elementary version of Romanticism. but proclaimed that artists must present reality as it is by recording what happened without making judgements or presenting abstract ideas. Thriller films. rather than just recording the events that happened and in discussing those events. Unfortunately. Bootleg Romanticism Esthetic vacuum in art has not completely erased the presence of moral values. Naturalism’s focus on simply transcribing what happens in reality without judging. with their focus on the battle between good and evil. but instead take certain fundamental values for granted and proceed to depict a conflict and battle.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina. the artists betrays his or her own philosophy and sense of life. the Romantic movement’s importance in the cultural scene decreased and the Romantic novel became less popular.

The existence of an ideal man necessitates presenting a rational code of ethics which motivates his actions as well as presenting the kind of social system that makes his existence possible. Because Rand would like to present the ideal man. depicts the Hyperink Quicklets 18 Hyperink Quicklets . particularly philosophy. This method may appear simple but it involves a value judgement about the people and experiences one would like to see in real life. This judgment relates to the complicated questions of what is good and right and what proper values are. The Simplest Thing in the World This short story. 11. which describes the Revolt in the Vendée and Chouannerie – the counter-revolutionary revolts in 1793 during the French Revolution. Introduction to Ninety-Three Published in 1874. she must define the conditions and qualities which his existence requires. 10. Rand states that she writes like a child: for the sake of the story. even without aiming to enhance the reader’s intellectual development. In fact. demonstrate what a hero is. and relate it to adult values which involve the entire sphere of human activity.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina. a writer who does not rely on a moral philosophy is the one committing an escape from values. who. The Goal of My Writing The motive and purpose for Rand’s writing is the projection of an ideal man. previously published in the magazine The Objectivist. Manifesto Hristov reality but instead just choose those aspects of reality that are most worthy from a moral standpoint. This essay greatly praises this book for the perfect integration between theme and plot and for the choice of heroic characters. She believes that this is the best she can offer her readers. Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina. Since every action of a human being comes from moral values and responsibility. What is worthy of appreciation in this novel because of its focus on moral values and the attempt to portray characters. “Ninety-Three” is the last novel of the French writer Victor Hugo. from choice. but that she views translating this attitude into adult terms. from a moral perspective. rather than resembling real people. such an escape results in a disconnect with true human nature and constitutes an escape from reality. 12. and responsibility. Rand uses a basic test for any story she writes: Would the writer herself want to meet these characters and observe these events in real life? The story must be worth living through for its own sake and the characters must appear worth contemplating.

although he knows that a novel like that would not justice to his own philosophy of life. which he spent five years ‘writing as carefully. as scrupulously. His previous novel. Henry Dorn. which would result in a popular novel that would sell. That’s why he is tempted to choose the “simpler” path for his next piece. Manifesto Hristov struggles of a writer . Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina. as delicately as he knew how” suffered negative and inaccurate reviews. who has already written a successful novel and is trying to create another one but he feels tempted to do the simplest thing: write about every-day events.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina. Hyperink Quicklets 19 Hyperink Quicklets .

Friedrich Schiller (1759-1805) is a prominent German dramatist. poet. The Catholic Church recognizes the central importance of Thomas's work for understanding its teachings concerning the Christian revelation. Aristotle (384–322 B. For Ayn Rand. through ethics. (“Friedrich Schiller. and even non-philosophical fields as empirical biology. Maria Stuart (1801).” Stanford Encyclopedia of Hyperink Quicklets 20 Hyperink Quicklets ." Victor Hugo (1802-1885) is a French novelist. Celebrated in France for his poetry.E.(“Thomas Aquinas. political theory and rhetoric. and his interpretation of Aristotle represents has become cultural resource. and through modern day. the Wallenstein trilogy (1800–01). His most famous dramas are Die Räuber (1781. Ayn Rand regarded Aquinas as an important bridge between Aristotle and the Renaissance.) is one of the greatest philosophers of all time. and dramatist considered the most important of the French Romantic writers. irreplaceable consciousness. Aristotle left around two-hundred treatises. Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina. Hugo’s work represents one of the best examples of creating a heroic character in a novel. A prolific writer. he is better known abroad for his prose.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina.” Britannica Online Encyclopedia). Ayn Rand views Schiller as a model for “valid” artistic creation in the field of drama. only comparable to Plato in his importance for social sciences.C. especially novels as Notre-Dame de Paris (1831) and Les Misérables (1862). in a broad range of disciplines. and Wilhelm Tell (1804). His works remain among the Western writings she most enjoyed while still living under the Soviet regime. aesthetics. (“Aristotle.Britannica Online Encyclopedia). unrepeatable. Thomas Aquinas (1225–1274) is a philosopher who wrote about the coexistence of faith and philosophy. from logic and metaphysics. The Robbers). Manifesto Hristov List of Important People “One falls in love with the emobodiment of the values that formed a person's character.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy). (“Victor Hugo”. Aristotle's works influenced centuries of philosophy from Late Antiquity through the Renaissance. which create the style of his soul – the individual style of a unique. which are reflected in his widest goals or smallest gestures. poet. and literary theorist.

“ Britannica Online Encyclopedia). and literary criticism and became regarded as “prophetic” because he so accurately predicted how Russia’s revolutionaries would behave once they came to power. though he was not particularly wealthy. and was highly regarded in his lifetime. fiction represents them as they ought to be. and city views in the city of Delft. Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina. (“Fyodor Dostoyevsky. Johannes (Jan) Vermeer (1632-1675) is a Dutch painter who specialized in painting portraits. (“Jan Vermeer. as a supreme master of integrating an important theme with a complex plot.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina. Manifesto Hristov Philosophy). Vermeer was elected Dean in 1662-3 and 1670-71.” She writes that he focused his work on a single theme. His novels explore the darkest facets of the human psyche and contain profound moments of moral judgement and illumination. which is that literature is of greater philosophical importance than history. the theme of light. domestic interiors. His works influenced various schools of psychology. theology. Ayn Rand regards Dostoyevsky.” Text from "The Bulfinch Guide to Art History") ) Ayn Rand admires him and calls him “the greatest of all artists. A Master in the Delft painters' guild from 1653. Aristotle formulated the most important principle of literature. where he spent his entire life. because while history represents things as they are. along with Hugo. and that his style expressed an important non-visual concept: the idea of the rational mind. Hyperink Quicklets 21 Hyperink Quicklets . According to Ayn Rand. Fyodor Dostoyevsky (1821-1881) is Russian writer widely regarded as one of the greatest novelists of all time.

Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina. a manner that allows the audience of the artist to understand a moral message." (Rand. Romantic Realism: a key theory to objectivist aesthetics. ethical egoism (an action is morally right if it promotes the self- interest of the agent). pp. yet give it all the reality. Ayn Rand describes romantic realism as a method to “make life more beautiful and interesting than it actually is. Manifesto Hristov Key Terms and Definitions Objectivism: philosophical system whose principal doctrines consist of versions of metaphysical realism (things in the world and their nature exist independently of how people think about them). Ayn Rand made objectivism a known theory mainly through her successful novels The Fountainhead (1943) and Atlas Shrugged (1957). Hyperink Quicklets 22 Hyperink Quicklets . (“Objectivism. individualism (a theory that a just political system must properly respect the rights and interests of the individual). Letters of Ayn Rand. ed. and even a more convincing reality than that of our everyday existence. Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina.) This theory harmonizes with Rand’s idea that the purpose of art is to present moral ideals in a realistic manner. A controversial aspect of Rand’s theory is the idea that acting out of rational self interest is morally correct. New York: Dutton. Berliner. and laissez-faire capitalism (a theory of minimum governmental interference in the economic affairs of individuals and society). 242–243.” Britannica Online Encyclopedia). Rand also believed that all people are guided by philosophical principles and assumptions in all their thoughts and actions which makes philosophy a greatly practical science and makes a correct philosophy a prerequisite to a happy life. Michael S. Ayn (1995).

Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina. For example. Manifesto Hristov Major Themes and Symbols “An artist does not fake reality–he *stylizes* it. What the hero both does and says must represent the moral conviction that the author has chosen to present but one action is worth more than a thousand adjectives like “good” or “right”.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina. in her mind. the reader’s awareness must turn to the conscious meaning of artistic representation. not reality. Rand explains that when an artist creates the fictional character of a hero. The reader cannot simply perceive art as a reflection of reality in a passive form of enjoyment. art becomes “an evaluative re-creation of reality. as artistic creations. Art.The hero’s or heroine’s actions have to “speak” in the language of moral persuasion. for art to fulfill its purpose. people and rising to a higher level of moral character. which is the message behind it. and to create fictional heroes or symbols who.” The most important topic in the book is the purpose of art.” which means that the author chooses to describe those realistic situations that will demonstrate moral ideals and thus elevate the human spirit. the central point of art. calling the hero “virtuous” or “benevolent” does not accomplish enough. In this way. embody or illustrate reality. Some demonstrate the suffering and struggle of heroes in the name of an ideal. has the mission to go beyond that. become vessels for transmitting a moral message or ideal. From the start. a hero in a novel may have an elaborate plan that the reader cannot follow or memorize in detail but the Hyperink Quicklets 23 Hyperink Quicklets . Ayn Rand rejects the idea that the purpose of art is to immitate. if not simple. Many writers and painters demonstrate Rand’s approach to art and she goes on the discuss their work as an example of a valid point of art. Instead. Rand writes that the aim of art should not be to merely affect the reader’s mood but to make consciousness. or even their defeat. The theme of the hero and his actions raise the question: how would the audience of the artist understand those actions in order to grasp the moral message behind them? Rand explains that the key to this understanding is motivation. others describe how heroes themselves create their own strength by starting the pursuit of their missions among average.

style becomes a confirmation of the message the reader discerns in each artistic piece and a confirmation of the reader’s consciousness. but how the artist’s mind actually functions. which blend together to demonstrate in a deeply personal manner not just what the artist deems valuable.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina. in turn. unjustifiable and unrealistic from a psychological point of view. If the hero’s actions remain unexplainable. when the hero’s actions reach a conclusion and their purpose becomes clear. Manifesto Hristov reader understands the plan’s ultimate goal which drives the plan. but to the artist’s audience. as a key concept in psychology. Style is a means of expression to the artist. Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina. also becomes important for Rand. In addition to the themes of the hero’s character and motivation. style. Motivation. Hyperink Quicklets 24 Hyperink Quicklets . thus becomes crucial for the artist to reveal either gradually as the story progress or at the end. the whole purpose of artistic creation would fall apart. as the means for expressing these ideas. the topic of artistic style. projects a mix of reason and passionate emotion. While the subject of a piece of art reveals what aspects of human life the artist considers important.

(The Claremont Institute. embraced many of Rand’s ideas about laissez faire capitalism. and these sales still grow by about 250. Jewish Virtual Library. Rand’s body was laid out next to a six-foot floral dollar sign. At her funeral in Manhattan. Mackey. as a way to promote Rand’s legacy. the Ayn Rand Institute offers 400. Amy (July/August 2009). 9. Catherine. Mother Jones. Alan Greenspan. Among them are Mark Cuban. (Rubin. Ayn Rand was a pro-choice atheist. Jewish Virtual Library. Ayn Rand) 3. and John P. Catherine. Most of her other works also remain Hyperink Quicklets 25 Hyperink Quicklets . ) 6. (Benfer. (Rubin. “Atlas Shrugged. Manifesto Hristov Interesting Related Facts 1. Ayn Rand’s Literature of Capitalism). The former chairman of the Federal Reserve of the United State.000 per year. in particular the idea that corporations work best when left to pursue their selfish interests. Jewish Virtual Library. Rand had an affair with Nathaniel Blumenthal (later known as Nathaniel Branden) even though she her husband served as witnesses at Blumenthal and Weidman's wedding in 1953. Ayn Rand) 5.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina. (Benfer. The New York Times. Amy (July/August 2009). CEO of Whole Foods. Mother Jones. Who is Ayn Rand?) 4. Ayn Rand’s Literature of Capitalism). Hariett.(Daligga. Hariett.000 copies of Rand’s novels free of charge to Advanced Placement high school programs. ) 7. Ayn Rand used prescription amphetamines for over 30 years and allegedly developed an addiction to the medication. (Daligga. Ayn Rand) 2. Rand believed sexual desire should go hand-in-hand with intellectual respect and shared ideals. owner of the Dallas Mavericks. "And the Rand Played On".” was published in German. Every year. despite her otherwise conservative views. 8. The New York Times. Various businessmen and CEOs have sited Ayn Rand’s ideas as pivotal to their success. Catherine. Ayn Rand’s novels have sold approximately twenty-five million copies. "And the Rand Played On". Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina. The only overseas edition of Ayn Rand’s most popular book. (Daligga.

( Powell. and Ayn Rand: Three Women Who Inspired the Modern Libertarian Movement). Isabel Paterson. Rose Wilder Lane.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina. (The Washington Times.10. the free market and limiting the power of governments. Jim. Ron Paul and Paul Ryan) Hyperink Quicklets 26 Hyperink Quicklets . Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina. Manifesto Hristov popular only in the United States. The Freeman. The politician Ron Paul has been profoundly influenced by Rand’s views of individualism. The Legacy of Ayn Rand: Rand.

242–243. Berliner. Isabel Paterson. Mother Jones.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina. Jim. Manifesto Hristov Sources and Additional Reading Sources “Victor Hugo. John. New York: Dutton. Powell. ed. Michael S. Rand. pp. Rose Wilder Lane.“ Britannica Online Encyclopedia “Objectivism. Catherine. How Ayn Rand Became an American Icon.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy “Jan Vermeer.” Britannica Online Encyclopedia Ayn Rand Institute. Letters of Ayn Rand. The Freeman. A Brief Biography of Ayn Rand Benfer. Hariett. "And the Rand Played On". Ron Paul and Paul Ryan) Hyperink Quicklets 27 Hyperink Quicklets . The New York Times. Amy (July/August 2009).” Britannica Online Encyclopedia “Friedrich Schiller.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy “Aristotle.” Britannica Online Encyclopedia “Thomas Aquinas. Slate Magazine. Ayn (1995). Ayn Rand’s Literature of Capitalism The Claremont Institute. Daligga. Jewish Virtual Library. The Legacy of Ayn Rand: Rand. Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina. Who is Ayn Rand? The Washington Times. Rubin. Ayn Rand Harari.” Text from "The Bulfinch Guide to Art History" “Fyodor Dostoyevsky. and Ayn Rand: Three Women Who Inspired the Modern Libertarian Movement).

Image and Integration in Ayn Rand’s Descriptive Style Hyperink Quicklets 28 Hyperink Quicklets . Goddess of the Market: Ayn Rand and the American Right. New York: Oxford University Press.The Poetics of Admiration:Ayn Rand and the Art of Heroic Fiction. Peter. Hartford. Objectivity and the Proof of Egoism Lashinsky. Ayn Rand: Literary and Cultural Impact. Fortune. Jennifer (2009). Susan.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina. Essays on Ayn Rand’s Fiction Minsas. Robert. Part I. Why is America falling apart? Ask Ayn Rand Love Brown. Manifesto Hristov Additional Reading Burns. Centenary Symposium. Adam. Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto Hristov Manifesto Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina. Kristi. Saint-Andre.

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Like many theater lovers.com. she really enjoys writing reviews for plays. degree with honors in political science from Williams College and a Juris Doctor degree from Boston University.net.com.Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic By Alexandra Grashkina- About The Author Manifesto Hristov Quicklet on Ayn Rand's The Romantic Manifesto By Alexandra Grashkina. Public-Republic. RawStory. As a writer. Get in touch: Hyperink Quicklets 30 Hyperink Quicklets .com. About The Author Hristov About The Author Alexandra Grashkina- Hristov Alexandra has a B.org. WatchingAmerica. she has contributed to AtlasObscura.A. Americanbar. dance performances. and others. and movies.

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