Santa Claus: A History of... Table of Contents
Santa Claus: A History of... Table of Contents

Table of Contents

I. Background and Basics

The Evolution of Christmas

II. Analysis and Commentary
Santa and His Pagan Roots

Santa’s Modern Life and Trappings

III. Santa's Ripple Effect
The Making of Toys

Santa Science, Proprietary Poetry, and the Song You Can’t Forget

IV. A Story That Continues to Write
A Brief History of Christmas

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Santa Claus: A History of... Table of Contents
Santa Claus: A History of... Table of Contents

The Narrative Becomes More Complex: The Advent of the Grinch

Christmas Woes and Answered Wishes


V. Extras
Santa Trivia


Further Reading

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. Background and Basics Santa Claus: A History of.. Background and Basics Hyperink 3 Hyperink ...Santa Claus: A History of. Background and Basics I.

” anyway?). collecting funds for charity.Santa Claus: A History of. intent on bestowing upon you the latest iPad (you have been very good this year). if you live somewhere other than the depths of the Amazon rainforest. Saint Nicholas or Father Christmas. he’s practically svelte). and countless elves who build toys year-round to deliver to good children all over the world via reindeer-pulled sleigh. you’ll be lucky to receive a lump of coal rather than a birch switch…) You can probably pick Santa out in a crowd: a bright red suit trimmed with white fur. Background and Basics Santa Claus: A History of. (If you’ve been bad. You may also know that Santa (he’s on first name basis with his friends) lives at the North Pole with his wife. Hyperink 4 Hyperink . He has been at the forefront of the so- called “War on Christmas” and served as a symbol of peace and goodwill. cherished for years. both domestically and overseas. you have heard of a jolly older gentleman named Santa Claus (although it is possible that Santa Claus has reached those sultry depths by now). Santa has had quite a history and boasts quite the résumé: representing modern drink companies. Or perhaps you know him by his aliases.. Mrs.. living in medieval Italian cities. an splendid white mustache-beard combination that strikes a nostalgic chord.. Look. But Santa’s image. but he certainly did not spring fully-formed from the ice packs in the North Pole. and fulfilling the inventory for the wish lists of millions of children. impressive physical bulk (although considering all the treats and tipples he consumes. we’re not saying that Santa isn’t real (what is “real. Background and Basics Introduction Santa Claus is coming to town! No matter your religion. Claus. is actually a composite of several traditions from different regions of the world..

their attire is red. are embodied in one iconic figure with “a broad face and a little round belly. Background and Basics The Evolution of Christmas Like many of our rituals and traditions today. Like the book? Support our author and leave a comment! Hyperink 5 Hyperink . Who knows how Santa will evolve (will he ever outsource his toy- making? Rig a jet-powered sleigh. Rudolph and his iconic glowing nose debuted in Santa’s entourage a hundred years after the other eight reindeer.. and Santa is no exception. Become a Hyperink reader. part saint. perhaps? Employ the latest teleportation technology?). part salesman. and. generosity. But civilization has a way of adapting ancient folklore to society’s modern needs. commercialism.. like a bowl full of jelly. we hang stockings. But there are some fundamental elements of the Santa folklore that remain constant. Santa’s legend is rooted in religion. instead. to eat as he leads his horseman through a great expedition across the sky. that shook when he laughed. a time of celebration. Sleipnir. The spirit of Christmas. thankfully.Santa Claus: A History of. Most mall Santas don’t wear bishops’ hats. not green. Background and Basics Santa Claus: A History of. Get a special surprise.. part political symbol.” Santa has had a colorful and sometimes controversial past: his modern image is part god.. but he’ll always be a part of Christmas. warmth. a little magic. Most of us don’t fill our shoes with sugar lumps and carrots and put them under the chimney for Odin’s magnificent flying horse.

.. Analysis and Commentary II. Analysis and Commentary Hyperink 6 Hyperink . Analysis and Commentary Santa Claus: A History of...Santa Claus: A History of.

was an exceptionally generous man. as some consider the racial overtones and Peter’s slave origins to be offensive. Saint Nicholas or “Sinterklaas” is accompanied by Black Peter (“Zwarte Piet” in Dutch. Analysis and Commentary Santa Claus: A History of. Odin and his large hunting party flew through the sky. he is known as Father Hyperink 7 Hyperink . Black Peter is the one in charge of the famous “naughty or nice” list. Over the next few weeks. Nicholas rescuing three sisters from prostitution by providing marriage dowries. Nicholas retained the goodwill of the people. Germanic peoples believed that during Yule. After the Protestant Reformation. a pre-Christian holiday.. and delivers presents through the chimney (although he also had a tendency to come down chimneys during the solstice. In the Dutch tradition.. Nicholas. does not deliver presents). the Norse god. Through centuries (and the advent of Christianity). The history and continued depiction of Black Peter is controversial. one of the most famous legends describes St. who can also cover great distances in the sky. the spelling is roughly phonetic). Any naughty children get scooped up and beaten by Sinterklaas’s helpers. The pagan. Sinterklaas (like Odin. hirsute fellow in a red suit at Macy’s? Think again. Santa is a separate figure and does not deliver presents on Christmas Eve. who was born in Patara (now Myra in modern-day Turkey). St. lands on rooftops.Santa Claus: A History of. As early as November. The Poetic Edda. Analysis and Commentary Santa and His Pagan Roots Think Santa has always been a hefty. The image of Odin may have fused with that of a 3rd century monk named St. Instead. when most saints were rejected. Santa’s image as a older. here in the form of a giant book. especially the Dutch. Odin. Revered for traveling throughout the country to aid the poor and ill. sadly. Nicholas. bearded man originated in writings and visual depictions of Odin.. But Sinterklaas is no Santa Claus. describe Odin riding on Sleipnir. his eight-legged flying horse. you will remember) flies through the sky. a compilation of Old Norse poems committed to paper in Iceland in the 13th century. In Belgium and the Netherlands. Sleipnir may have transmogrified into Santa’s eight reindeer.. St. Sinterklaas and Black Peter take a boat from Spain to Holland.

A Father Christmas-like character. Analysis and Commentary Santa Claus: A History of.. Perhaps Santa should save Ireland for last. where a pint of Guinness often awaits with more mince pies to temper the intoxication. Santa can expect rice porridge in Sweden. Analysis and Commentary Christmas who brings jollity and light revelry to the season.Santa Claus: A History of.. dressed in green. “while there is infection in disease and sorrow. there is nothing in the world so irresistibly contagious as laughter and good-humor.. and sherry and mince pies in England.” Santa Claus may get his heft from consuming all the midnight snacks offered by children all over the world. Hyperink 8 Hyperink . appears as the Ghost of Christmas Present in Charles Dickens’s 1843 A Christmas Carol. He joins forces with the spirits of Christmas Past and Christmas Future to show Scrooge that. Santa is treated to milk and cookies. In North America..

comedic author David Sedaris recounts his experience as one of Santa’s helpers at Macy’s. Their sketches were based on late 19th-century drawings by Civil War cartoonist Thomas Nast.. he was a tall. P. which was aired on NPR. wouldn’t it be pleasant to surprise me with a present? And this ride behind the reindeer is a boon your Goody begs. both for the visitor and for Santa and his elves: In his Santaland Diaries. velvet knickers. and “Uncle Sam. and advertising for everything from car insurance to diamonds. when Katherine Lee Bates (who also penned “America the Beautiful”) conceived a Mrs. the Democratic donkey. department stores. I’ve spent the last several days sitting in a crowded. borderline obesity — was created by Haddon Sundblom and other artists at Coca-Cola. originally. N. tending the Thanksgiving turkeys And our flocks of rainbow chickens — those that lay the Easter eggs..” Do not mess with Mrs. Claus asks. This is my work uniform. windowless Macy’s classroom undergoing the first phase of elf training.Santa Claus: A History of. In a 1866 edition of Harper’s Weekly. and rightfully entitled. “Santa. Mrs... Nast may have granted Santa Claus his North Pole address. Analysis and Commentary Santa’s Modern Life and Trappings Santa’s contemporary image — red suit.” It appears that far from undertaking all the tasks himself. Santas became a familiar fixture in shopping malls. Santa has a very capable. Visiting Santa at the mall is not without its trials and tribulations. Nast also created the Republican elephant. in her poem “Goody Santa Claus on a Sleigh Ride.” “I wear green. Claus. jaunty sleeping cap. a forest green velvet smock and a perky little hat decorated with spangles. wife. Nast captioned a series of engravings “Santa Claussville.” Santa Claus remained a bachelor until 1889. You Hyperink 9 Hyperink .” Santa also gained weight under Nast’s pen. Nast depicted Santa bringing gifts to and boosting the morale of Northern Civil War soldiers. Analysis and Commentary Santa Claus: A History of. “I am a thirty-three year old man applying for a job as an elf. As the 20th century’s commercialism heated up. fur trim. lean gentleman. Think how hard my extra work is.

” The late David Foster Wallace wrote in The New Yorker about growing up and experiencing the holidays with his hyper-intellectual father. Do not mess with small children or Santa’s elves. Like the book? Support our author and leave a comment! Hyperink 10 Hyperink .” Of Macy’s customers.” Although Foster Wallace does not go into detail about the traps his father set for Santa. maze elf. train elf. “the sort of child who set traps for the Tooth Fairy (pyramids of tin cans at the door and windows of his room. Analysis and Commentary can be an entrance elf.Santa Claus: A History of. usher elf. such as Santa Claus. he writes that. one can imagine the riggings and pulleys and springs and canvas sheets and cookie bait. Become a Hyperink reader. cash register elf or exit elf.. a bridge elf. a water cooler elf. string tied to from his finger to the tooth below his pillow so that he would wake when the Fairy tried to take the tooth) and other “mythical” figures of childhood. “Standing in a two-hour line makes people worry that they’re not living in a democratic nation.. People stand in line for two hours and they go over the edge. magic window elf. island elf.. His father was.. Analysis and Commentary Santa Claus: A History of. Get a special surprise.

. Santa's Ripple Effect Hyperink 11 Hyperink ...Santa Claus: A History of. Santa's Ripple Effect III.. Santa's Ripple Effect Santa Claus: A History of.

after Mrs. During home visits last Christmas. acted to undermine potential successors. The song “I Saw Mommy Kissing Santa Claus” has more basis in truth than was previously thought. Santa spied on the C.s of several Fortune 500 companies. privately disparaging one of his nephews as “lazy.” another as “not really committed to the whole Christmas thing. As the century turned. Santa’s toy-making operation changed with time..” and yet another as “incapable of growing a beard of the appropriate size. Ben Greenman prints a number of sensitive Santa documents “leaked by a “disgruntled elf”: “Santa and several elves colluded to circumvent a ban on Chinese-made toys. and video games. and collected personal data including but not limited to credit-card and frequent-flier numbers. Claus discovered an illicit text message from an Arizona school-board member.” Once again: do not mess with elves. a book of math games instead of a football was not accidental: Santa was sending a message. Hyperink 12 Hyperink . of Seattle. Santa was believed to make every toy by hand in his North Pole workshop. Santa has. Santa's Ripple Effect The Making of Toys Just like other industries.Santa Claus: A History of. In the early 20th century. Contrary to popular belief.O. Santa cannot really tell when you’re sleeping or when you’re awake.. In The New Yorker’s “Shouts and Murmurs” section.” A reported mix-up in 2004 that brought eleven-year-old Jack Keller. which began to decrease only recently. Santa's Ripple Effect Santa Claus: A History of. if you know what I mean. Androids. despite pressure from the North Pole community to deliver only toys made locally.. he hired a union of elves to assist him with the growing demand.E.. Eventually. elves worried for years about Santa’s philandering. over the years. he mechanized his organization in light of iPads. but he will fly into a rage if his ability to do so is questioned.

Santa must love January 5th.000. they started a program called “NORAD Tracks Santa. France. 1955. Director of Operations. In 1958. given its many remote protectorates.000 kids a minute. every hour. Bump’s calculation does come with a number of caveats.. was published inaccurately.100 a second.Santa Claus: A History of. Georgia and the Ukraine before Eastern Orthodox celebrations on Twelfth Night. namely “how many Christian children live in each general area of the world. Santa has to deliver presents to almost 22 million kids an hour. Colonel Harry Shoup. on the night before Christmas. Philip Bump of the Atlantic undertook an analysis of Santa’s Christmas Eve activities from an economic point of view. And it isn’t always easy to figure out in which the people actually live. about 6. Where should I allocate its 12 million kids? Not all countries celebrate Christmas on December 25. That’s the day he has the most of the night to hit parts of Russia. meaning that on the 5th he Hyperink 13 Hyperink . Bump needed to get a grasp on a key variable. I can’t know how many houses have multiple children. Santa's Ripple Effect Santa Science.. That’s about 365.” which can be followed today via the Internet. has citizens in twelve time zones. Bump determined that there are just over 526. children called the Continental Air Defense Command (CONAD) to ask about Santa’s progress.5 million kids out of the line-up on the 24th. This calendar shift takes about 11.000 Christian kids under the age of 14 in the world who celebrate Christmas on December 25th. etc.” He says that he “ignored the mechanics of distance between houses — after all. Instead of calling the store.” Despite the rounding and fudging. answered the first call to tell children that CONAD was tracking Santa’s movements on their radar. and the Song You Can’t Forget The phone number for a “Santa Hotline” set up by Sears Roebuck in Colorado. Santa's Ripple Effect Santa Claus: A History of.. Proprietary Poetry. what regions are more densely packed. He outlines a few of them as such: Countries often have multiple time zones. when Canada and the United States joined to create The North American Air Defense Command (NORAD)..

he’d still need to cover 21 million kids an hour. the nights are longer — meaning Santa has more than twenty-four hours..Santa Claus: A History of. narrated by Burl Ives. They never let poor Rudolph join in any reindeer games. Then one foggy Christmas Eve Santa came to say: ‘Rudolph with your nose so bright. Santa's Ripple Effect can do a leisurely 800. It’s no wonder Santa needs all those energy-building snacks and stress-relieving drinks! If Santa gets too tipsy after all that European sherry and Guinness. meaning that on average. north and south of the equator. you would even say it glows. with his underdog backstory. Rudolph. May worked for the Montgomery Ward department store. “Rudolph the red-nosed reindeer had a very shiny nose. All of the other reindeer used to laugh and call him names. Santa would have more than 24 hours. may be the most famous in the pack. If the children were evenly distributed throughout the world.. And if you ever saw him. The record went on to sell over two million copies. The short poem was set to music in 1949. Even if we gave him 26 hours.. His history is recounted in “Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer..000 kids an hour.” a rhyming ditty written in 1939 by an advertising executive named Robert May. In the Northern Hemisphere. and recorded by Gene Autry. who wanted to increase the flow of purchasing patrons. On Christmas day. New York city will see just over nine hours of daylight — meaning nearly fifteen hours of dark. Santa's Ripple Effect Santa Claus: A History of. Santa has a little more night to play with. Hyperink 14 Hyperink . he always has his reindeer to guide his sleigh. The song was so popular and the story so compelling that it was made into a stop-motion TV movie in 1964.

Santa's Ripple Effect Santa Claus: A History of.. Get a special surprise. history.. Become a Hyperink reader.. Like the book? Support our author and leave a comment! Hyperink 15 Hyperink ..Santa Claus: A History of. indeed. you’ll go down in history!’” And the rest is. Santa's Ripple Effect won’t you guide my sleigh tonight?’ Then all the reindeer loved him as they shouted out with glee: ‘Rudolph the red-nosed reindeer.

A Story That Continues to Write.. A Story That Continues to Write. Santa Claus: A History of... IV. A Story That Continues to Write Itself Hyperink 16 Hyperink ......Santa Claus: A History of.

too. A Story That Continues to Write. Juvenalia. they could expect lots of mischief and probably some property damage. shepherds would most likely not be shepherding in wintertime). School was out. as well as the birthday of Mithra. Christmas and the revelry of Saturnalia had fused...Santa Claus: A History of.. One socioeconomically disadvantaged person (or student — some things never change) would be designated as the “Lord of Misrule” to knock on the doors of mansions and demand their best vittles. As Christianity spread. the Pope decided to stamp out every pagan rituals he could find. so students could carouse. Santa Claus: A History of. which fell on December 25th. church leaders imposed an even bigger Christian holiday upon the Romans’. If the household did not submit to the Lord. Easter was the big Christian holiday before the fourth century. and peasants ran the city. Mithra was an infant god born from a rock (of course). A Story That Continues to Write. went on for a whole month and the whole city went a bit wild. regardless of the fact that there is no Biblical evidence to support this date (also. and then to Scandinavia by the late eighth century. Romans celebrated Juvenalia. as well as the harvest and the winter solstice. then to England in the late 500s AD. and revelling... called Saturnalia.. There was a lot of eating. Saturn. then spent the evening in boisterous. winters were not as bad as up north. Around the same time. Today homeowners inflict their own form of property damage (or at least damage to their electric bills): Christmas lights. Christmas itself has had a tricky time since the Romans. we have to start there. Saturnalia. This holiday. merry drinking and eating. The Pope declared December 25th the birthday of Jesus. By the Middle Ages.. as well as some fascinating role-switching: slaves lorded over their masters. People went to church early on Christmas day. drinking. They celebrated the agriculture god. A Brief History of Christmas Religion! Because Santa is inextricably bound to Christmas. Hyperink 17 Hyperink . and Mithra’s birthday were doomed: by 432 this new Christian celebration had spread to Egypt. A quick chronicle: in ancient Rome.. but at the turn of the century.

Santa Claus: A History of. And the Grinch put a hand to his ear. invade the town of Whoville. A Story That Continues to Write. ‘that I simply must hear!’ So he paused. and noise that irks him. Although the Grinch succeeds in stealing all the presents. If Santa had a nemesis. As you may imagine. in the book he is black. lean..” which means he cannot appreciate or even comprehend all the joy and goodness and generosity displayed by the Whos of Whoville. Santa Claus: A History of... In his ire. is outfitted with a pair of reindeer antlers to complete the disguise. mean. the city above where he lives. Seuss in 1957. and he brings back all the goodies and is accepted back into society: “They’re finding out now that no Christmas is coming! They’re just waking up! I know just what they’ll do! Their mouths will hang open a minute or two.. A Story That Continues to Write.. sprung from the surrealist imagination of Dr. Max. this inflates the Grinch’s heart. white. the Whos of Whoville rally and celebrate together.. Then all the Whos down in Whoville will all cry BOO-HOO! ‘That’s a noise. the Grinch decides to dress up as Santa Claus. He is a creature of indeterminable species.’ grinned the Grinch.. His heart is “two sizes too small. and steal all the Christmas presents. and green (only in the films is he green. decorations. His sweet and trusty dog. Hyperink 18 Hyperink . it would be the Grinch. and red). The Narrative Becomes More Complex: The Advent of the Grinch You’re a bad banana with a greasy black peel.. And he did hear a sound rising over the snow. The Grinch. an anti-Christmas character in How the Grinch Stole Christmas!.

. It started in low. A Story That Continues to Write..Santa Claus: A History of.” Redemption is a beautiful thing... Hyperink 19 Hyperink .. where he is given the honor of carving the “roast beast. this sound sounded merry! It couldn’t be so! But it WAS merry! VERY!” The Grinch descends the mountain into the town.. Santa Claus: A History of. A Story That Continues to Write... Then it started to grow… But the sound wasn’t sad! Why.

A Story That Continues to Write.. After the war. English customs — such as Christmas — were none too popular. though. a showy display of wealth and drunkenness. where he appears as the patron saint of sailors who needed divine protection on their journeys across the seas. developed an interest in this St. Santa Claus: A History of. such as Jamestown. Perhaps you empathise with Oliver Cromwell and the Puritans. Nicholas in 1810. Nicholas figure and the winter celebrations surrounding him. Pintard eventually founded The St. who founded the New York Historical Society. Christmas Woes and Answered Wishes Do you feel like Christmas has become too commercial. And Santa/St.. those champions of St.Santa Claus: A History of. Dutch settlers began to flock to the shores of the New World. Nicholas’s presence in his very funny 1809 A History of New York. it took a while for the whole Christmas celebration hullabaloo to worm its way into the hearts of Hyperink 20 Hyperink . he restored Christmas in all its popular glory. and he and the Society hosted their first “anniversary” dinner for St. Some colonies. Nicholas. and re-mortgaged houses? Want to cancel Christmas this year (or forever)? Feel a bit like. Nicholas Society. and fined those who dared celebrate. Even the Dutch. Over the Atlantic in America. Sleepy Hollow author Washington Irving revived St. the pilgrims (see: Thanksgiving) were more strict than Cromwell and his band of not-so-merry men.. too competitive. the Grinch? Take heart: your misery has company — and history.. who seized control of England in the early 17th century.. Out went Christmas. It was somehow both too pagan and too Roman Catholic (go figure). continued to celebrate (incurring tut-tutting by Boston). intent on ridding the nation of decadence and moral decay. When Charles II took over the throne. condemned Christmas in the 17th century.. dare we say. A Story That Continues to Write. After the American Revolution. The Boston super-Puritans banned Christmas outright.. too over the top? Can’t bear to face another year of whining.. Nicholas was certainly not part of even the smallest celebrations. But even with this resurgence. bringing their Christmas customs with them. John Pintard. disappointment.

the original Grinch. it’s been going for over 80 years). pastor Rick McKinley started the “Advent Conspiracy” through a series of viral web videos. Santa Claus: A History of. Dress up as Santa and deliver presents to underprivileged children. A Story That Continues to Write.... you can’t help but run into advertisements. Easter. McKinley suggests we donate it to charities that support clean water or food and medical supplies to the impoverished. Hyperink 21 Hyperink . However..Santa Claus: A History of. decorations. regardless of religion (that whole “separation of church and state” thing gets a little fuzzy after eggnog). Even Cromwell. might crack a smile at that one. Some Christians fight the rising tide of commercialism. and the infamous Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade which marks the beginning of the Christmas season (originally called The Christmas Parade. rather than trying to beat other parents to the latest toy punch. Americans: it didn’t become a federal holiday until 1870! Since then. and you want to leave your house around Christmastime. instead of losing our sanity buying presents and trying to one-up friends and family. America spends $450 billion on Christmas presents.. take your kids sledding or bake cookies together. Spare your mom another sweater and write her a letter. most working Americans delight in the day off... A Story That Continues to Write. and birthdays are said to have pagan roots).. At the very least. Christmas has become the American holiday. In 2009. If you live in New York. Jehovah’s Witnesses still don’t celebrate Christmas for the same Puritan reasons (Thanksgiving. which argue that the practice of modern Christmas has gotten too far away from its spiritual roots and swept up in a tsunami of consumerism.

Even disillusioned adults well up at the thought of their own Christmastime childhoods (unless Sinterklaas brought them a birch switch). laughter. A Story That Continues to Write. Tears. try watching 1947’s “Miracle on 34th Street.. there is a pre-adolescent generation that continues to delight in the idea of a perpetually happy. Santa Claus: A History of. Like the book? Support our author and leave a comment! Hyperink 22 Hyperink .Santa Claus: A History of.. It tells the Dickens-inspired tale of a guardian angel who rescues a man from committing suicide. “It’s a Wonderful Life” is another poignant Christmas film. Coke cans. and films.” starring Edmund Gwenn and Natalie Wood — it’s a tearjerker. Become a Hyperink reader. Conclusion Think quickly: Have you been naughty or nice this year? Maybe a little of both? Even if you’ve given up on Santa. a man who claims to be Santa Claus is deemed insane.. James Stewart plays the suicidal George Bailey. also gets his wings. directed by Frank Capra and released in 1946. Get a special surprise.. idealistic lawyer to defend him in court as the real Santa. you may as well join it. and his loved ones would have been miserable. the town would have been a corrupt mess.. prompting a young. To rekindle the Christmas spirit. After witnessing the world sans himself. The guardian angel. Predictably (but no less affectingly). melting of hearts ensue. In the film... he’s hard to avoid come Christmas. In the company of the angel. He’s on billboards. he sees how life would be in his town had he never been born. grandfather character who brings them presents. The moral of these stories? If you can’t beat the spirit of Christmas.. A Story That Continues to Write. Although some say he has become a symbol of commercialism rather than generosity. and his life improves immeasurably. He has even metamorphosed into the Crazy Target Lady. George begs the angel to allow him to live. Win-win. named Clarence Odbody.

Extras Hyperink 23 Hyperink .... Extras V.Santa Claus: A History of.. Extras Santa Claus: A History of.

Francis Pharcellus Church. Virginia.O. P. two of Santa’s reindeer. Howard Santa Claus School in Albion.” It was published anonymously in the Troy. S. The column was a response to a letter written by Virginia O’Hanlon. who had asked if Santa Claus was real. (North Polar-Santa Claus) P. romance. Extras Santa Trivia Although it may be the most iconic.. Coca-Cola was not the first beverage company to use the image of Santa Claus to move product. Alaska 99705 Hyperink 24 Hyperink . love. poetry. were originally named Dunder and Blixem. New York Sentinel in 1823.Santa Claus: A History of. Today. in all this world there is nothing else real and abiding. fancy. a famous Santa impersonator in the early 20th century.. On September 27. replied.” The poem “The Night Before Christmas” was originally titled “A Visit from St. quite philosophically. Send yours to: N. Charles W.. C. New York to teach his finely-honed methods to wanna-be Santas. the New York Post Office receives around 200. Nicholas. The United States Postal Service’s “Operation Santa Claus” answers the Christmas wish-filled letters of underprivileged children. It is all real! Ah. 1897. can push aside that curtain [of reality] and view and picture the supernal beauty and glory beyond.000 such letters.. A minister named Clement Clarke Moore was later credited with the authorship of the poem. Extras Santa Claus: A History of. Virginia. Howard. that “Only faith. old Dutch for thunder and lightning. Nick to sell mineral water in 1915 and ginger ale in 1923. Donner and Blitzen. established the Charles W. one of the newspaper’s editors. White Rock Beverages used St. The operation began as an informal tradition in the 1920s. an editorial entitled “Yes. Box 56099 North Pole. there is a Santa Claus” appeared in The [New York] Sun.

the feast day of Saint Nicholas on December 6th is considered a lucky day to get married and make large purchases. as well as advertise using his image. Get it?!) In medieval Europe. Hyperink 25 Hyperink . it’s not Santa who delivers presents but the benevolent witch La Befana (although January 6th. Extras (If you live in Britain. “Christkind. As she. Noticing the uptick in sales. not December 25th.. By 1920. department stores began to feature Santas. too. Reindeer Land. comes down the chimney to deliver gifts. address your letters to Santa at Santa Claus. in Canada the postal code is H0H 0H0. she is perpetually covered in soot. In 1918 it became a tradition to have a child’s picture taken with a Santa Claus.. other stores began to install their own Santas. SAN TA1. In Italy. In Switzerland and Germany. is her special day). Nicholas on his Christmas tasks.. accompanies St. Extras Santa Claus: A History of..Santa Claus: A History of. a Philadelphia shop displayed the first life-sized model of Santa Claus. In 1841. Hundreds of children (and their present-buying parents) flocked to the shop to see Santa.” an angel-looking personage.

. Who Is St. Nicholas Center. Nicholas? The Coca-Cola Company.Santa Claus: A History of. Highlights of the Beliefs of Jehovah’s Witnesses Rethinking Christmas NBC. Calculated Tower Watch. Macy’s Parade Jezebel. War on Christmas: is the festival under attack? BBC History Magazine. A Christmas Controversy St. Howard Santa Claus School Hyperink 26 Hyperink .. Coke Lore The Atlantic. Extras Santa Claus: A History of. Letters to Santa The Charles W. Extras Sources BBC News... Churches Admit They’ve Lost ‘War on Christmas’ by Canceling Christmas Day Services The Advent Conspiracy Operation Santa Claus. Santa’s Christmas Eve Workload.

Nick is anything to go by. If you love a good poll. Get a special surprise.. you will be the butt of comedy news show satire: “As long as conservatives view the words “Happy Holidays” as a subtextual “F**k you and your Baby Jesus. by the way).. right? Wrong. Extras Further Reading Teachers have a duty to tell the truth. Have nothing to do? Why not enlist to fight the PC Santa-haters in the War on Christmas? Then again. this turbocharged colossus of self-righteous indignation makes a lot of noise and leaves a mess in its wake — but ultimately says a lot more about its drivers’ pitiable insecurities than anything else. you are winning.” Also. bake “Log Cabin Cookies. you can track Santa with NORAD. You know what’s actually “fair and balanced”? The North Pole Times. Extras Santa Claus: A History of. you might be wasting your time: “Like a narcissist’s souped-up 4-by-4.) Send a letter.” and learn numbers by COUNTING DOWN TO CHRISTMAS! If you’re a real geek (geeks are awesome.Santa Claus: A History of.. Become a Hyperink reader. you Christmas warriors: according to Fox News.” there can be no peace.. if the outrage at a teacher’s class announcement regarding the veracity of St. Kids these days can visit Santa virtually! And follow Santa on Twitter! (Although he’s often too busy making toys to Tweet. here’s one conducted by Fox News asking why kids believe in Santa Claus. Like the book? Support our author and leave a comment! Hyperink 27 Hyperink .” Take heart.

. About The Author About The Author Lily McNeil Lily is very close to finishing her Ph.Santa Claus: A History of..D. Hyperink 28 Hyperink . "Lily McNeil" is used as a pseudonym at the author's request.. About The Author Santa Claus: A History of. at the University of Oxford. She also has an utterly non-lucrative Masters of Fine Arts in poetry..

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