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ESSAY QUESTION NO. 2 The upcoming planning to set up a factory near our housing area may lead to environmental hazardous, which I believed will cause a lot of trouble and pollution to this area. One of the pollution may cause trouble are thermal pollution. Basically, it is form of water pollution that refers to degradation of water quality by any process that changes ambient water temperature. The process of polluting is simple, they will use water as a coolant and after the water has been used, it will return to its original environment at higher temperature. The higher the temperature will decrease the amount of oxygen due to water temperature. This can lead to many negative ecological effects such as reproduction of aquatic and can harm fish population. Also, aquatic ecosystems may be imbalance in food chain, because of less oxygen will lead the metabolic rate of aquatic animal’s increase, so they will eat lot more food. Warmer water temperatures can also lead to huge bacteria and plant growth. Next pollution will be cause by the chemicals. Chemicals pollution occurs when chemicals resulting from human activities enter the environment and then contaminating water, air and soil. One of the most famous pollution made by chemicals was water pollution. When mercury in waste water from factory release, they will react to bacteria in the water and changed to methyl mercury. Methyl mercury is an organometallic cation, environmental toxicant. If it’s taken by fish as their food, mercury levels in fish can pose dangers to people who eat it. Research shows that children who eat fish that contains methyl mercury may loss of IQ points and decrease performance in language skills, while for adults, it will increase risk of heart attack and other cardiovascular disease. The proposed factory will highly pollute the air. A substance in the air that can cause harm to humans and the environment is known as an air pollutant. Pollutants can be in the form of solid particles, liquid droplets, or gases. For example, smog hanging over factories is the most familiar and obvious form of air pollution and burning of fossil fuels such as gasoline and natural gas can contribute to global warming. Direct causes of air pollution related deaths include aggravated asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, lung and heart diseases, and respiratory allergies.

hypertension. (503 words) 2 . sleep disturbances. instead of contributing more pollution. high stress levels. the main sources of noise pollution are coming from transportation and construction systems. besides all the pollution mentioned above? As we know. Noise pollution is not only causing environmental damage but it also has negative impact as it can cause conditions such as aggression. I hope we do not allow the company to build the proposed factory in our housing area. But if we agree to set up the factory. do you mind to hear extra noise pollution. and many more. we also contribute to a long term issue to our environment.OUMH1203 ENGLISH FOR WRITTEN COMMUNICATION I believe none of us want to hear more pollution coming. Please think and make a wise decision.

if information is considered to be common knowledge then there is no need to cite a source. Many people copy and pastes material from difference sources into their own work without mentioning the source of information. With the development of the internet plagiarism has become a bigger problem. With easy availability of information plagiarism has become a bigger problem. The plagiarized work can be used for entrance in higher education or job. Students start feeling that plagiarism is necessary in order to compete with others. The simplest way of avoiding a charge of plagiarism is to correctly cite the sources for your quotations or other material that you have borrowed from another author. and it is of many forms. is also considered as plagiarism. However. is still considered plagiarism. It can occur intentional or unintentional. Anyone considering altering the text slightly to avoid this charge should be aware that copying the structure of a sentence. Plagiarism is also another way of cheating. Many students will cut and paste another’s work into their own essays. Plagiarism also has effects on student and on society. Sometimes it is copying a material from internet for making an assignment or copying information for coursework to get better results. Undetected plagiarism encourages cheating in students. Plagiarism is the use of another work for personal benefit without giving credit to the original source of work with the intention of representing the work as your own. Undetected plagiarized work may result higher grades of students. words or work and pretending they are your own”. 3 The Oxford Student’s Dictionary of English defines plagiarism as “the act of copying another person’s idea. Plagiarism is considered as an act of fraud in the writing world. even though you may have changed several words. Teachers are faced with the difficult problem of checking that a student has not copied or partially copied one of the many documents that exist on the internet.OUMH1203 ENGLISH FOR WRITTEN COMMUNICATION ESSAY QUESTION NO. 3 . Plagiarism is copying of other’s words without even crediting the source or even knowing if the one copied was understood. If anyone altering the structure of sentence or words.

discuss and interpret it. We may borrow others ideas. To prevent plagiarism. when taking notes from an article. to only record the essential points of an article. (508 words) 4 .OUMH1203 ENGLISH FOR WRITTEN COMMUNICATION Another way to avoid plagiarism is. It is your own idea if you are able to present. In this way when you write up your notes you will be forced to expand on the points in your own words. but make sure that it is only used as support for your own idea. In student work as in all other academic work it is important to carefully avoid plagiarism or anything that could be interpreted as plagiarism. Any and all use of the work of people other than the named author should be very clearly and fully acknowledged. The author of any piece of work is always assumed to be entirely and totally responsible for that work unless it is clearly stated otherwise. be aware of all its causes and effects.

In other words. service tax is imposed on specific services at the time when the services are provided to the consumer. Besides that. Good and services tax (GST) is a consumption tax based on the value-added concept. When compared with the present consumption tax system.OUMH1203 ENGLISH FOR WRITTEN COMMUNICATION ESSAY QUESTION NO. vegetable. All records and documents relating to the relevant transaction are required to be kept in the business premises for audit by the GST auditor. 4 Malaysia plans to introduce a four percent goods and services tax in 2011. However. inclusive of the manufacturing and distribution stages as well as providing a tax credit claim for GST paid on business inputs. sugar. GST is a more comprehensive. and business friendly tax system. the businesses are required only to submit simplified tax returns based on prescribed formats. 5 . effective. fish and meat. tax erosion and leakages through transfer pricing and other means. it means people will pay tax each time they purchase a good or service. eggs and essential services such as health and private education. the sales tax is imposed only at the manufacturing stage that is at the time when the goods are manufactured or when the goods are imported. Besides that. double tax and pyramiding tax. flour. GST is imposed on all goods and services produced in the country including imports. transparent. replacing current sales and services tax (SST) in a bid to diversify national revenues. On the other hand. cooking oil. public transportation. In principle. The difference between GST and the present consumption tax is in terms of its scope of charge which is more comprehensive. The inherent weaknesses under the present tax system are the cascading tax. GST will replace the present consumption tax comprising the sales tax and the service tax (SST). GST can overcome the various weaknesses inherent in the present consumption tax system. certain basic foodstuff likes rice. GST is imposed on goods and services at every production and distribution stage in the supply chain including importation of goods and services. GST is expected to increase tax compliance and is easier to administer in view of its self policing method.

The rate will be lower also because it is broad base. Not only that. The tax will be collected from the very first transaction to the consumer. Not only consumers but business people should not take GST lightly as they need to apply the GST to their business. GST might look simple but consumers should understand it properly. (513 words) 6 . business might have to pay penalties for not following the law. The advantages of GST are it is more efficient with more tax collected. Failure to do so will result in the loss of the set off or credit for input taxes suffered. The tax evasion will be harder and more income tax can be collected for the government. That is why it is broad base.OUMH1203 ENGLISH FOR WRITTEN COMMUNICATION residential property and agricultural land are not subject to GST. It is good for the government but it is not good for the citizens. Such exemption is to ensure that the lower income group is not burdened by GST.

learn through play. social and educational needs of children from 9 months to five years. we try to create a caring. ‘let’s pretend’. patience. books and stories. Staffs interact with the children by encouraging. facilitating and supporting them whist they have fun. Children will have plenty of chances to learn through care routines. attending nursery will be the first real experience. In order to make this an enjoyable experience for them. emotional. talk about their experiences and share their enjoyment with others. using a wide range of resources. heuristic play with natural and household objects and outdoor play and experiences. stimulating and caring environment that promotes learning through play. We believe that parents are the primary educators of their children and should be centrally involved in their child's experiences and development. 7 . For many small children. We welcome and value parents and strive to create excellent communication links to ensure continuity for the children between the home and nursery.OUMH1203 ENGLISH FOR WRITTEN COMMUNICATION ESSAY QUESTION NO. Our staff with their flexibility. A happy introduction to Alis in Wonderland Nursery School and day-care facility is important and before your child’s start date you and your child will be offered a visit during a normal session. and the opportunity for children to develop their social skills as they play alongside and with other children. music and rhymes. Under the guidance of fully qualified and experienced primary school teachers. This allows you both to become familiar with the routine and with some of the other children and staff. play for the senses. and hopefully makes it easier to settle in. understanding and genuine care for young children will put the children’s welfare and happiness first at all times. thus enabling the children to become more confident and independent. Alis in Wonderland Nursery School and day-care facility provide a safe. we aim to provide for all the physical. away from their families outside the familiar setting of home. fun with physical movement. 5 Alis in Wonderland Nursery School and day-care facility is committed to establishing quality relationships with parents based on mutual respect and trust. friendly and homely atmosphere where their first experience of separation will be positive and will pave the way for their future learning.

additional staffing for children with Special Educational Needs. caring and stimulating environment for young children.00p. – 1. Each class is staffed with a teacher and a nursery assistant and where necessary. With this in mind we strive to provide a safe.m.30a.00.OUMH1203 ENGLISH FOR WRITTEN COMMUNICATION Alis in Wonderland Nursery School operates a full – time pattern of attendance in two classes of twenty six children.30p. Monday to Friday. The fee for nursery school is RM30 while day-care facility is RM50. Children receive milk and a snack during the session and school meals are provided at 12 noon.00a. The nursery is open from 8. to 5.m. with teaching times as follows: Full Time Session: 8. where best practice is vital to us.m.m. (503 words) 8 . Alis in Wonderland Nursery School and day-care facility acknowledges that parents wish to have their children cared for in the very best facility possible.

In whatever type of driving classes you choose there will be a few steps you have to follow. After passing the exam. 7 Like any other countries. In this exam you will have to get more than or equal to 42 questions correct out of 50 questions. how to change a flat tire into another tire and many more. The driving fee will cost around RM 1000 to RM 1200 but if you have failed in one of the exam there will be extra charges. For this step. If you fail you will have to take another one or two more hours of driving lesson before repeating back the final test. The officer will take you outside the institute and give marks based on your driving. you will obtain ‘L’ license. If you past your Q. there will be a passing mark.I the instructor will show you two type of road outside the institute that will be used by the JPJ officer to test your capabilities on driving. uphill slope. After this step. you will have to attend practical lessons which include three hours of lecture and another two hours for explaining and showing the analogy of a car. brake fluid. After finishing you eight hours of driving training you will be given a test called Q. If fail. students are advised to take eight hours of driving under supervision of your instructor. car battery and engine oil.T. After that you will register to a driving institute where you will be given an instructor that will help you throughout the process on taking a driving license. This license enabled the students to drive a car which has the ‘L’ plate owned by the driving institute. You will learn to identify the radiator. This license only lasted for three months. you will have to re-sit and pay RM 30. Last step before getting your ‘P’ license is that you will be tested by the JPJ officer. You will also have to attend 6 hours safety course. Results of this exam will be issued to you instantly.OUMH1203 ENGLISH FOR WRITTEN COMMUNICATION ESSAY QUESTION NO. The JPJ officer will test on parking. Even though you have obtain ‘P’ license that doesn’t mean you are 9 . During that time. Before registering into any authorized driving institute you must choose what type of driving license you want. people need to have a valid license before he or she is allowed to drive on the road. and on road safety measures. Like all examination.I or pre-test by another instructor from the institute. you will have to contact your instructor to set your date. Then only you can go take a theory test at Rilek or Myeg but you must contact your instructor to book a place before taking the examination.T.

(504 words) 10 .OUMH1203 ENGLISH FOR WRITTEN COMMUNICATION eligible enough to drive on the on the road. and a grace period of a year is given to upgrade the license before the license holder may need to restart the whole driving lesson procedures. The license may be upgraded to a full competent driving license after 2 years.

nbc. 2012.wikipedia. Retrieved June 6. Defining and Avoiding Plagiarism: The WPA Statement on Best Practices. Park Town Nursery Prospectus. from http://www. from http://www. (2012). (2007). (2012) Retrieved June 3. from http://en. from Goods and services tax in Malaysia. from http://en. (2012). Retrieved June 5. Retrieved June services_tax_in_Malaysia Jabatan Pengangkutan Park Town Nursery. (2005). Retrieved June 3. 2012. Retrieved June 4. Retrieved June 8. Retrieved June 3.wikipedia. Bhd.html Pollution. Retrieved June 2012. 2012. from http://en. from Driving License in Malaysia. 2012. (2012). (2012). Selangor Darul Ehsan: Oxford Fajar Sdn. from http://wpacouncil. (2011). Malaysian Driving License. 2012. 2012. Retrieved June 5. Types of Pollution. (2012). (2012). from http://www. from 11 . 2012.html Malaysian Goods and Services Tax (GST).htm Main Types of Pollution.html Nursery School. from http://www.wikipedia. (2012). Shah The Oxford Student’s Dictionary of English (1st ed).all-recycling-facts.wikipedia.jpj.OUMH1203 ENGLISH FOR WRITTEN COMMUNICATION APPENDICES REFERENCES Council of Writing Program Driver’s License. Retrieved June 8.wikipedia. (2012).