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BASKETBALL

Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of five players try to score points by throwing or "shooting" a ball through the top of a basketball hoop while following a set of rules. Basketball is one of the world's most popular and widely viewed sports. A regulation basketball hoop consists of a rim 18 inches in diameter and 10 feet high mounted to a backboard. A team can score a field goal by shooting the ball through the hoop during regular play. A field goal scores two points for the shooting team if a player is touching or closer to the hoop than the three-point line, and three points (a "3 pointer") if the player is "outside" the three-point line. The team with more points at the end of the game wins, but additional time (overtime) may be issued when the game ends with a tie. The ball can be advanced on the court by bouncing it while walking or running (dribbling) or passing it to a teammate. It is a violation (traveling) to walk with the ball, carry it, or to double dribble (to hold the ball and then resume dribbling). Various violations are generally called "fouls". Disruptive physical contact (a personal foul) is penalized, and a free throw is usually awarded to an offensive player if he is fouled while shooting the ball. A technical foul may also be issued when certain infractions occur, most commonly for unsportsmanlike conduct on the part of a player or coach. A technical foul gives the opposing team a free throw. Basketball has evolved many commonly used techniques of shooting, passing, and dribbling, as well as specialized player positions and offensive and defensive structures (player positioning) and techniques. Typically, the tallest members of a team will play "center", "small forward", or "power forward" positions, while shorter players or those who possess the best ball handling skills and speed play "point guard" or "shooting guard". While competitive basketball is carefully regulated, numerous variations of basketball have developed for casual play. Competitive basketball is primarily an indoor sport played on carefully marked and maintained basketball courts, but less regulated variations are often played outdoors in both inner city and rural areas.

RULES
Original Rules
James Naismith published in 1891, his rules for the game of "Basket Ball" that he invented The original game played under these rules was quite different than the one played today as there was no dribbling, dunking, or three pointers. 1. The ball may be thrown in any direction with one or both hands. 2. The ball may be batted in any direction with one or both hands. 3. A player cannot run with the ball. The player must throw it from the spot on which he catches it, allowance to be made for a man who catches the ball when running at a good speed if he tries to stop.

for the whole of the game. The referee shall be judge of the ball and shall decide when the ball is in play. among others) a player is accordingly disqualified on his sixth foul. 12. pushing. 11. five players became standard. In 1900. The time shall be two fifteen-minute halves. and shall keep the time. The first infringement of this rule by any person shall count as a foul. When the ball goes out of bounds. if there was evident intent to injure the person. In case of dispute the umpire shall throw it straight into the field. the umpire shall call a foul on that side. If either side makes three consecutive fouls. Coaching was originally prohibited during the game. and players that were substituted were not allowed to re-enter the game. Originally a player was disqualified on his second foul. in bounds. it shall go to the opponent. coaches were allowed to address players during a time-out. The side making the most points in that time is declared the winner. teams and teammates Naismith's original rules did not specify how many players were to be on the court. 10. it shall be thrown into the field of play and played by the first person touching it. holding. substitutes. such restrictions on substitutions were abolished in 1945 when substitutions became unlimited. He shall decide when a goal has been made and keep account of the baskets. violation of rules three and four and such described in rule five.4. 6. with any other duties that are usually performed by a scorekeeper. . providing those defending the goal do not touch or disturb the goal. 9. Players. it shall count as a goal. A foul is striking at the ball with the fist. it shall count a goal for the opponents (consecutive means without the opponents in the mean time making a foul). and the opponent moves the basket. but from 1949. When the normal length is 48 minutes (this is the case with the National Basketball Association in the United States and the National Basketball League in Australia. Players were allowed to re-enter a game once from 1921. He shall have power to disqualify people according to Rule 5. The thrower-in is allowed five seconds. This limit became four fouls in 1911 and five fouls in 1945. If the ball rests on the edges. to which side it belongs. striking. still the case in most forms of basketball where the normal length of the game (before any overtime periods) is 40 minutes. A goal shall be made when the ball is thrown or batted from the grounds into the basket and stays there (without falling). No substitution shall be allowed. or tripping in any way of an opponent. the second shall disqualify him until the next basket is made or. The ball must be held in or between the hands. and twice from 1934. the arms or body must not be used for holding it. 8. 13. No shouldering. The umpire shall be the judge of the men and shall note the fouls and notify the referee when three consecutive fouls have been made. If he holds it longer. with five minutes rest between. 5. If any side persists in delaying the game. 7.

it is now considered to prevent tall offensive players from gaining an advantage by waiting close to the basket. a three-second rule for defensive players was also introduced. The men's shot clock was then reduced to 35 seconds in 1993. Women's basketball adopted a 30-second clock in 1971. At the time. The NCAA retains the 10-second rule for men's play. where teams were required to advance the ball over the center line within ten seconds of gaining possession. Originally. Kentucky coach Adolph Rupp did not take one of his referees with him. to increase the speed of play. and could not shoot after he had dribbled. The shot clock was first introduced by the NBA in 1954. and the game became especially rough. resetting the clock when a shot was attempted. and changed the clock's resetting to when the ball touched the rim of the basket. U. and a player who had dribbled was then allowed to shoot. In 1936 the three-second rule was introduced. This rule remained until 2000. high schools. play was stopped and resumed with a jump ball. Fouls.Shoot clock and time limits The first time restriction on possession of the ball was introduced in 1933. free throws and violations Dribbling was not part of the original game. also use the 10-second rule for both sexes. despite being warned of discrepancies in officiating between the midwest and east by Notre Dame coach George Keogan. or the opponents gained possession. Striking the ball with the fist has also become a violation. allowing more than one bounce. A game central to this rule's introduction was that between the University of Kentucky and New York University. Teams were then required to attempt a shot within 24 seconds of gaining possession. FIBA reduced the shot clock to 24 seconds in 2000. and became a violation. the NBA following suit in 2001. and the shot clock would be reset when the ball touched the basket's rim or the backboard. From 1931. a missed shot where the shot clock expired while the ball is in the air constituted a violation. whose rules are drafted by NFHS. such a situation has since . as long as it touched the rim. but was introduced in 1901. meaning that the only penalty was loss of possession. when FIBA reduced the requirement to eight seconds. If the ball touches the rim and slightly bounces over the basketball hoop it will be called as a loose ball. FIBA adopted a 30-second shot clock two years later. This rule prohibits offensive players from remaining near their opponents' basket for longer than three seconds (the precise restricted area is also known as the lane or the key).S. Because of this game and others. but has never adopted a time limit for women's play. Running with the ball ceased to be considered a foul in 1922. if a closely guarded player withheld the ball from play for five seconds. The NCAA adopted a 45-second shot clock for men while continuing with the 30-second clock for women in 1985. In 2003 the rule was changed so that the ball remains live in this situation. a player could only bounce the ball once. While the rule was originally adopted to reduce roughness in the area between big men. 6'5" (1. The definition of dribbling became the "continuous passage of the ball" in 1909. When the NBA started to allow zone defense in 2001.96 m) Kentucky All American center Leroy Edwards is generally recognized as the player responsible for the 3 second rule.

the "penalty" of two free throws is triggered on the team's fourth foul in that overtime period (instead of the fifth). often called the "double bonus". two free throw shots are awarded (three if the player was attempting a three-point field goal). the team fouled gets possession of the ball. or if a player is fouled in a loose-ball situation.6 m) from the backboard. From 1924. o If the team has 7 to 9 team fouls. and offensive goaltending in 1958. Instead. o Overtime is not considered an extension of any quarter. o Starting with the team's fifth foul in the quarter.1 m) from the backboard. all team members entitled to play are considered as players. If the field goal attempt is unsuccessful. If a team has not reached its limit of accumulated fouls. o Foul limits are reset in the last two minutes of a quarter or overtime period. o Starting with the team's fifth foul in the quarter. the team fouled gets possession of the ball.become a violation by the ball-carrier. prior to which most gymnasiums placed one twenty feet (6. In the NBA: o If the player's team has 4 or fewer team fouls in the quarter. and all subsequent fouls result in two free throws. If an offensive player is fouled while not in the act of shooting. and a free throw . players that received a foul were required to shoot their own free throws. Free throws were introduced shortly after basketball was invented. One free throw shot is awarded to a player who was fouled while making a successful field goal attempt. o The ball become dead when an official blows his whistle while the ball is live o All overtime periods are considered an extension of the fourth quarter for purposes of accumulated fouls. he gets the opportunity to attempt a second. Also. the penalty varies by level of play and the number of fouls accumulated by the opposing team in a given period. In FIBA play: o If the player's team has 4 or fewer team fouls in the quarter. o If the team has 10 or more fouls in the half. if the player makes the first free throw. the ball is live. Goaltending became a violation in 1944. A player has 10 seconds to attempt a free throw. the player fouled goes to the line for what is called "one-and-one" or the "bonus"—that is. If the player does not attempt a free throw within 10 seconds of receiving the ball. the first team foul in the last two minutes results in possession by the team fouled. the free throw line was officially placed fifteen feet (4. even though games are played in quarters.    In NCAA and NFHS play: o If the player's team has 6 or fewer team fouls in the half. the player fouled gets two free throws. o All overtime periods are considered an extension of the second half for purposes of accumulated fouls. NFHS rules accumulate fouls per half. the team fouled gets possession of the ball. o During an interval of play. but if he misses. the player fouled gets two free throws. In 1895. the player fouled gets two free throws. the free throw attempt is lost.

and in 2003. If contact is made.violation is called. both classes of officials have equal rights to control all aspects of the game. In 1981. However.25 m (4 ft 1. and to restart the game after a held ball. the officials would issue an offensive charge. The use of video evidence to inform referee's decisions has always been banned.2 in) radius in 2010. In Italy's Lega A.22 m) radius around the basket. uses different terminology. instead using a quarter-possession system where the loser of the jump ball takes the ball from the other end to start the second and third periods. The center jump ball that was used to restart a game after every successful field goal was eliminated in 1938.[2] Blocking is physical contact between the offensive player and the defensive player. using it for the first time in international competition in 2006. in which an offensive foul for charging could not be assessed. referring to the lead official as "crew chief" and the others as "referees"). however. Today. shot clock violations. The defensive player may not draw an offensive charge in the "restricted zone" (see below for more details). No points will be allowed and the ball is turned over. If a free throw violation is assessed in the last free throw awarded to a player in a given situation. The NCAA. Blocking fouls are easily called when the defensive player is standing in the "restricted zone". the NBA stopped using the jump ball to start the second through fourth quarters in 1975. FIBA adopted a similar rule. This was to prevent defensive players from attempting to draw an offensive foul on their opponents by standing underneath the basket. except in the case of determining whether or not the last shot of a period was attempted before time expired. an American football-style coach's challenge is permitted to challenge (at the next dead ball) an official's call on any situation similar to the NCAA. has permitted instant replay for timing. in favor of the ball being given to the non-scoring team from behind the end line where the goal was scored. and rim. the value of a field goal (two or three points). rim. A charge is physical contact between an offensive player and a defensive player. and for purposes of disqualifying players because of unsportsmanlike conduct. the NCAA adopted the alternating possession system for all jump ball situations except the beginning of the game. The jump ball was still used to start the game and every period. In order to draw an offensive charge the defensive player must establish legal guarding positioning in the path of the offensive player. there was one umpire to judge fouls and one referee to judge the ball. the NBA introduced an arc of a 4-foot (1. however. in order to make play more continuous. and basket. Blocking fouls are issued when a defensive player interferes with the path of the offensive player in the shooting motion. FIBA adopted this arc with a 1. except for the . possession automatically reverts to the opposing team. The NBA changed its rules starting in 2007 to allow officials the ability to view instant replay with plays involving flagrant fouls. Officiating and procedures Originally. while the winner of that jump ball takes the ball to start the fourth period from the other end of the court.[2] Restricted zone: In 1997. The NBA added a third official in 1988. similar to the NCAA. This exception was introduced by the NBA in 2002 and adopted by FIBA in 2006. and FIBA did so afterward. A free throw violation also occurs if a free throw misses the backboard. the tradition of calling one official the "referee" and the other one or two the "umpires" has remained (the NBA.

Crossover dribble In a crossover dribble.start of the third period and overtime. Between the legs This is a commonly-used variation of the crossover in which the ballhandler bounces the ball off of the floor between his legs and catches it with the other hand on the opposite side of his body. Behind the back This advanced dribbling technique involves dribbling the ball behind the back either once (as a form of crossover) or continuously. The crossover is a fundamental dribbling technique in basketball used to keep the ball in the hand furthest from the defender (preventing a steal) while maintaining a desired speed and heading on the court. but doing so for prolonged periods of time brings dangers of losing the ball or having it stolen and is usually only done for show. Dribbling is required in order for a player to take steps while possessing the ball. . It is used as a safer way to cross over while directly facing a defender or to temporarily obscure the ball from the defender's vision while a change in direction or pass is made. the ballhandler changes the ball from one hand to the other via a dribble. bouncing on the side or in front of the ballhandler's body. This move is mostly used when a defender lunges toward one side of the ballhandler's body for a steal. In 2004. In 1976. FIBA followed suit in 2006. it is swung further around the back and thrown in a forward direction. STEPS Dribbling Dribbling is bouncing the ball continuously with one hand without ever holding the ball. Wraparound The wraparound is like a behind-the-back except instead of the ball being thrown in a sideways direction and bouncing behind the ballhandler's back. the NBA introduced a rule to allow teams to advance the ball to the center line following any legal time-out in the final two minutes of the game. Dribbling once or a few times in this way can be effective in a given situation. the rule was changed in FIBA that the arrow applies for all situations after the opening tap. The ballhandler would then simply throw the ball around his body and quickly pass his defender.

After the dribble Euro step The Euro step (sometimes "Eurostep") is a move developed in European basketball in which a player. then throwing the ball out towards their chest with two hands while turning the hands over. ending with the thumbs pointing down. The move has to be executed perfectly because a bounce pass may be kicked by rapidly-shifting players and might be a difficult catch for the intended receiver. like a soccer throw-in. It is an attempt to evade at least one defender before attacking the basket. where a normal dribble may be resumed. . either with one hand or alternating between both hands. Passes Bounce pass The bounce pass is a fundamental and very effective passing technique. pass can allow a breaking offensive player to quickly score without even dribbling by catching the ball near the basket.Rapid dribbling This distinct type of dribbling can only be performed while the ball is low to the ground and with little bounce. or outlet. This pass is especially effective in helping to initiate a fast break. creating the necessary rhythm of slaps and bounces needed to keep the ball bouncing. Thus. This pass consists of one player passing the ball to a teammate by bouncing the ball off the floor with great energy. after picking up his dribble. It is best used in the open court and on the perimeter. Because the ball will be at ground level as it passes a defender. Overhead pass An overhead pass is another fundamental passing technique. a bounce pass may be intercepted due to its slower speed. It involves slapping the ball rapidly. a player must use his best judgment when he decides whether to make such a pass. Gradually increasing the strength of slaps and broadening the rhythm results in "lifting" the ball up. a well-thrown overhead. Still. takes a step in one direction. After a defensive rebound. a successful bounce pass can easily result in a scoring assist because a bounce pass is harder for defenders to intercept. and then quickly takes a second step in the other direction before attempting a layup. It is used by snapping the ball over the head. Chest pass This pass is performed best by stepping towards your target with one foot.

it can sometimes confuse the defender. it is done as a result of the player having their shooting lane blocked and often leads to the player turning the ball over to the opposing team. Most effective on a fast-break. Larry Bird. Earl Monroe was famous for this move. mainly to set up last-second plays off a baseline inbounding situation. The elbow pass serves as a devastating complement to the behind-theback pass and can be used with various no-look elements. . but most players have trouble hitting the ball with their elbow while standing still. At times. This is the quickest pass in basketball and is therefore very effective when executed correctly. most behind-the-back passes are direct. However. Elbow pass Introduced with much hype by Jason Williams. the elbow pass entails what appears to the defender to be a simple behind-the-back pass. as it leaves the offensive player very vulnerable to turnovers. and Chris Webber is famed for using this move down in the paint. but as the ball crosses the passer's back. Behind-the-back Behind-the-back passes are passes dealt to a target behind the passer's back. however. Jump pass A jump pass is a pass performed while the passing player's feet are off the floor. redirecting the ball back toward the side it started on and hopefully leaving the defender(s) amazed and out of position. the passer hits it with his elbow. Magic Johnson. Usually done to confuse the defender. Blind passes are risky and infrequently attempted. behind the back passes can either be bounced off the floor or passed directly to a teammate's chest. When done intentionally. Isiah Thomas. and the chances of perfectly passing the ball to an open teammate is considerably low. Baseball pass The baseball pass or lance pass is a long pass in which the passer throws the ball with one hand. Steve Nash uses this move often. causing him to believe that the passer is shooting instead of passing. the elbow pass is one of the most difficult trick passes to execute. usually when a teammate gets open during the shot. but when done correctly. This kind of pass is risky to execute. Jason Kidd and Steve Nash. Williams was able to pull off this pass at a full sprint during a Rookie All-Star game. the blind pass is performed when a player looks in one direction but passes the ball to his target in another direction. It is infrequently used. as if it were a baseball or a football.Touch pass A touch pass is an advanced passing technique in which a prior pass or a loose ball is immediately redirected to another player by tipping or slapping the ball. Blind pass Also known as a no-look pass. The no-look pass has been popularized by players such as Pete Maravich. can confuse the defense.

This can be executed if the defenders are unaware of the open space behind them. Alley-oop An alley-oop is an offensive play which involves one teammate lofting the ball up near the rim in anticipation of another teammate jumping to catch it and slam it. they are vulnerable to a backdoor play.Two person game Give and go "Give and Go" is an offensive play that involves passing the ball (give) and then running (go) to an open spot to receive the ball back. The motion and one-handed reach distinguish it from a jump shot. for an easy score. The main obstacle is getting near the rim and avoiding blocks by taller defenders who usually stand near the basket. In the NBA. laying the ball up near the basket. releasing the ball from different spots or using an . Shots Layups A layup is a two point attempt made by leaping from below. tries to steal or deny a pass). From the initial position of the pick and roll maneuver. John Stockton and Karl Malone of the Utah Jazz are the quintessential pick and roll tandem and used this play to great effect in the 1990s.g. when a defender strongly commits on defense (e. This is also known as a "One-Two" in street ball. Pick and roll "Pick and Roll" is an offensive play in which a player stops to screen (block) a defender for the teammate handling the ball and then slips behind the defender to accept a pass as the handler makes a move towards the basket. Because this move requires both teammates to know what the other is thinking. and using one hand to tip the ball over the rim and into the basket (layin) or to bank it off the backboard and into the basket (layup). the player who receives the ball has many different options as to whether he/she passes it. the alley-oop is a rare but exciting play. Common layup strategies are to create space. This play is most notably used by good shooters like Ray Allen of the Boston Celtics or Rip Hamilton of the Detroit Pistons. or fakes and then goes for a jump shot. This play can be effective when the defender pays too much attention to the ball instead of the player who moves after passing the ball. usually near the basket. Tony Parker and Tim Duncan of The San Antonio Spurs and Dwight Howard and Hedo Turkoglu of the Orlando Magic are currently among the best pick and roll tandems. Backdoor A backdoor play is when a player without the ball gets behind the defense and receives a pass for an easy score. An undefended layup is usually a high percentage shot. Also. The layup is considered the most basic shot in basketball.

The other layup is the overhand shot. similar to a jump shot but from considerably closer range. A Notable current NBA player who relies heavily on the underarm finger roll is Mike Bibby of Miami. Overhand layups almost always involved the use of the backboard. Michael Jordan and Scottie Pippen are other notable practitioners. Layups can be broadly categorized into two types: the underarm and the overarm. that way it is harder to block and you take two steps. in a fake of a back pass. A player usually starts the layup procedure a good distance away from the basket. also called a runner or a floater. The ball should be away before the taller defender has the chance to block it. that distinguishes it from the jump shot. Tear drop The tear drop. including the Around the World which involves a complete circle around the player before the layup and a variety of faking in the approach to the rim. A player tall enough to reach over the rim might choose to perform a more spectacular and higher percentage slam dunk (dropping or throwing the ball from above the rim) instead. you can hold it with two hands. and then brings it front again with the same hand for the finish (reminiscent of Bob Cousy who pioneered the move). Players like Scottie Pippen (formerly of Chicago) and Karl Malone (formerly Utah) have used this move to great effect. and the ball will roll around the rim and then drop into the basket.alternate hand. The purpose of this shooting move is to make the defender miss blocking the ball as the ball is released from the hand one moment sooner than expected. The underarm layup involves using most of the wrist and the fingers to 'lay' the ball into the basket or off the board. As the game has evolved through the years. Tony Parker of the San Antonio Spurs frequently uses the tear drop with great success. It is so-named because the ball drops down from the high point of the arc like a falling tear drop. Antawn . the former in the mid-to-late 90s and the latter in the early-to-mid 90s were considered to have the best tear drops in the game. in which Williams brings the ball behind his back with his right hand. The rotation produced provides the ball with a soft touch. Finger roll A finger roll is performed when a player shoots the ball with one hand during a layup and then lifts his fingers. Finger-rolls today have many forms. while current NBA star Jason Kidd is renowned for his smooth finger rolls as well. Former San Antonio Spurs guard "The Iceman" George Gervin was known for having one of the best finger rolls in the game along with Lakers center Wilt Chamberlain. To play a safer layup. is usually performed by undersized players (mainly point guards). The underarm layup is more commonly known as the finger roll. Several different versions of the layup are used today. rolling the ball into the basket. A classic example is a play by former Kings point guard Jason Williams during his time with Sacramento. Gary Payton of the Seattle SuperSonics and John Stockton of the Utah Jazz during their primes. The ball is generally released earlier and in a higher arc than the normal layup. so has the layup.

George Gervin. and Derrick Rose from the Chicago Bulls are currently known for the tear drop move. The purpose of using the backboard is to try to hit the backboard at an angle. It is frequently used for mid-range jump shots from around a 45° angle and layups. who led the NBA in dunks in the 2008-2009. and Kobe Bryant. it is a change of ball position in mid-air (similar to the "up and under" move. 2009-2010 and 2010-2011 season. Bank shot A bank shot in basketball is a shot that relies on the ball bouncing off the backboard and into the basket.[1] Another term for a bank shot is "off the glass. Putback and tip-in A putback describes a situation where a player secures an offensive rebound then immediately scores a basket. Dwyane Wade. but cannot dribble before taking the shot. it is considered a tip-in. The move is a great way to squeeze the player under the basket for a fast layup. Ben Gordon of the Detroit Pistons.g. It is also a primary source of scoring for All-Star Center Dwight Howard. Scottie Pippen. There is a point where a putback and a tip-in are a matter of subjective difference (e.Jamison of the Cleveland Cavaliers has one of the most highly effective tear drop shots in the league despite being a power forward. If the player does not secure the rebound but instead taps the ball into the basket. Tim Duncan. thus slowing the speed of the ball and increasing its chances of falling into the hoop. The NC State University researchers found that bank shots may be 20 percent more effective up to a distance of about 12 feet than direct shots. The move is generally used as a layup because the huge movement coming from the leap provides the momentum for the player to jump forward for a layup. but perform while the player is in the air). then making a layup. J. It is not commonly used for long-range shots or shots from the middle or near the baseline. Power stop/drive Power drive is a continuous shooting move in which a player stops dribbling and makes a huge leap forward." NBA players known for using the bank shot often are Sam Jones. . a one-handed rebound in the air followed by a score before touching the ground). Barea from the Dallas Mavericks. to be considered a putback the player can land on the ground before shooting.J.. Josh Smith and Kenyon Martin are the perfectors of the putback jam. while securing the ball in both hands from the dribbling hand. Chris Paul of the New Orleans Hornets. A putback jam is a spectacular alternative to the tip-in where the ball is slam-dunked off the rebound in the same motion. If the player secures the rebound while in the air. Double clutch A double clutch is a move associate with a layup or a dunk. It is effectively used by many players especially those who are more athletic. Rajon Rondo of the Boston Celtics.

allowing him to take a quick mid-range jumper. This move is used to test defender's defensive weaknesses and stance. a three-pointer. A combination of the pump fake. or be shifted off-balance.e. Drawing contact An offensive move intended to produce a foul call on the defensive player. both feet are stationary and arms are not in a downward motion) the contact can result in a charging foul against the offensive player (this is known as taking the charge for the fouled defensive player). it is useful in creating open lanes to the basket by "showing" the ball enough to entice a defender to attempt to block or steal it. or a drive "to the lane.. . restrained before the feet leave the ground. There are also options to get the defender out of his defensive stance by using jab steps and pump fakes. with both hands on the basketball in front of him or almost resting on his thigh. used to cause defenders to jump (known in basketball slang as "lifting" the defender). the player can choose from three options: to jump-shoot. the defender falls off from his defensive stance. From this.Triple threat position and related moves Triple threat is the position when a player facing a defender receives a pass but has not dribbled yet. where a player is much more likely to have his or her shot blocked. Another way of drawing contact is to pump fake and then jump towards the defender making contact and then shoot. The offensive player's feet are slightly wider than shoulder width and slightly on the balls of his feet. the shot and the crossover drive can be performed along with the jab step to lure the opponent out of his defense. The pump fake is a fundamental move in basketball. creating a space between him and the defender. the drive. presenting the defender with an opponent able to move in any direction. Its main applications are in the low post area. his knees flexed. Jab step Jab step also known as side step is performed when a player holds onto the ball before dribbling while his non-pivot leg performs a routine jabbing. When he does this. to dribble (drive) past the defender or to pass it to a teammate. a blocking foul can be called on the defensive player. as was 13-year pro Kiki Vandeweghe." Pump fake A pump fake is a feigned attempt at a jump shot. New York Knicks forward Carmelo Anthony is well-known for taking the jab step. If the defensive player has a set position (i. A typical strategy is to drive into a defensive player whose feet are not stationary. allowing the dribbler to penetrate easily. When the two players make bodily contact. This gets you to the foul line or if you make the basket (often made in paint) you get the basket and 1 foul shot. On the perimeter. One foot is held as the pivot and the other slightly ahead.

the offensive player steps by him and attempts a clear.Post up. Generally used by post players. Though a fade-away version of this move was perfected by Larry Bird. He then releases the ball towards the basket with his outside hand in a "hook" motion. in order to shoot he has to turn around to face the basket. options such as spinning or backing down the defender to close in to the basket for better scoring opportunities become available to him. so that his body can protect the ball from the defender. Up and under The up and under is a move consisting of two parts. . The hook shot is most often used by post players because it is difficult to make the shot from a distance. This can be done by turning in the air. then when the defender jumps in an attempt to block the shot. First the player with the ball fakes a shot by thrusting the ball above his head as if to take a shot. Kareem Abdul-Jabbar became the NBA's all time leading scorer by using his almost indefensible skyhook. The offensive player usually faces away from the basket. timing the jump shot when the defender is not likely to jump and challenge the shot. unguarded shot. 2006 Hook shot The hook shot is one of the most effective inside moves. From this position. This extra space can reduce or eliminate the advantages enjoyed by a taller defender. related moves and shots To "post up" is to establish a position in the low post. a shot fake (the up) and a step-through (the under). usually in order to take advantage of a smaller defender. The advantage hook shot offers is the space between the offensive player and his defender. Mason Rocca making a hook shot for Eldo Napoli. Kevin McHale was considered a master of this move. Turnaround jump shot When a player posts up. The hook shot and variations such as the jump-hook and skyhook are effective because they are very difficult for the defender to block. but it is also quite difficult to execute. the area near the basket below the foul line. A hook shot begins when the player puts his body between the ball and the opponent. although it is harder to hit the shot with precision.

the baskets were made of peach baskets. The equipment needed for playing basketball. It was in the late 1950s when Tony Hinkle introduced the orange colored ball which is used in the game today. The ball was chosen to be orange so that it would be easily visible to the players. has gone through a lot of change through its history. Kevin Garnett and Dirk Nowitzki are also well known for it. sleeveless vest and loose shorts) and the ball.players such as Michael Jordan. Drop step Also called a "reverse pivot. when the game of basketball was invented. Reggie Miller. The fadeaway usually has less range than a regular jump shot. Soon enough. Karl Malone. and all a player need purchase is his dress (which comprises of a loose. Dirk Nowitzki. These baskets had their bottoms. Steve Nash. thus. Also. EQUIPMENT Basketball is a game played with two teams. So when the ball was put into the basket. The idea is to take the ball and throw it into the basket of the opposing team. Shaquille O'Neal used his large frame and powerful body to use the drop step to great effect. making it somewhat tougher to project the ball over long distances. the game was played with a soccer ball. the bottom of the basket began to be removed altogether and later on it developed into the kind of the basket we see today in basketball games. Michael Jordan. Hakeem Olajuwon. it took some amount of effort to remove the ball from the basket so as to play the game further. So a hole was drilled into the bottom of the basket and a stick began to be used to push the ball out of the peach basket." the drop step is a move in which the player posting up takes a back step on the side of a defender behind him and spins to that side to gain leverage. Here is a little bit of trivia about Basketball Equipment: When the game was invented. Wilt Chamberlain was criticized for his frequent use of the fadeaway jumper. since the follow-through usually carries the shooter away from the basket and out of rebounding position. Fadeaway A fadeaway shot is a variation on a set jump shot in which the shooter attempts his shot leaning backward. It is played in 4 Quarters of 10 or 12 minutes. Five players of each team are on the court at any given time of the play. Kobe Bryant. Amaré Stoudemire and Kobe Bryant are famous for their use of the fadeaway. creating the effect of "fading away" from his defender. Briefly. The court is indoors. Here is a list of Basketball Equipment that you will need in order to play a game of Basketball today: . because the ball has backwards momentum due to its inertia. This makes it more difficult for the defender to contest the shot. basketball does not require much in the way of equipment. especially for a player.

    Basketball Courts: This is the place where the game of basketball is actually played. Shoes.05 Meters (or 10 Feet) above the surface of the court and 1.The recovering of a shot that bounces off the backboard or the rim.4 Meters (4 Feet to 4 Feet 7 Inches) which is measured to the top of the ball. 3 point field goal. Dress . Dribbling. Lob) Shooting. The vests should ideally be sleeveless and the shorts should be loose fitting. The clothing should be loose and comfortable. Shirts and Shorts: The dress consists of shorts.throwing the ball to make a basket Pivoting. to 22 Oz.1 point is awarded to an unguarded shot taken from behind the free throw line while the clock is stopped. TERMINOLOGY SCORING:    2 point field goal.).25 Inches) and its weight should be between 600 Grams to 650 Grams (20 Oz.a shot made from anywhere during play inside the 3 pt arc. scoreboards. bouncing. score sheets. Other Equipment: Competitive Basketball games will also include equipment such as clocks. Bounce. Most of the basketball courts are made of wood. or rubber or any other synthetic material.Basketball Jerseys.impeding the progress of an opponent by extending one or both arms horizontally or getting in the path of a moving player. The top of the rim of the basket is exactly 3. handing.stepping once or more in any direction with the same foot while holding the other foot at its initial point.a player’s position between an opposing player and the basket to obtain a better rebounding position. .bouncing the ball with 1 hand using your fingertips instead of your palm so that it rebounds back to yourself (the only legal way to move with the ball) Passing. SKILLS:       Boxing out. and whistle-operated stop watches. Basketball Ball: The ball is made out of 8 panels of leather. FOULS: results in one or more free throws awarded to the opposing team  Blocking. or rolling it to another player (Chest. So go ahead and begin your training for basketball armed with all this equipment. Each team will have their own uniforms and basketball jerseys.8 Meters (6 Feet) it should rebound and rise to a height of 1. The ball should be so inflated that when it is dropped from a height of 1.moving the ball by throwing. Rebounding. The circumference is between 75 to 78 Centimeters (29. Free throw. shirts. shoes and socks.a shot made from anywhere outside the 3 pt arc.5 to 30. A standard basketball court is a rectangular surface of the size 28 Meters by 15 Meters (or 92 Feet by 49 Feet) which has baskets at opposite ends.2 Meters (4 Feet) inside the baseline.2 to 1.

a defensive strategy where everyone guards an area instead of a player (2-1-2.team trying to stop the other team from scoring Dunk. Hacking.a pass to a teammate who then scores a field goal.a defensive strategy where everyone guards an assigned player Offense.any loss of the ball without a shot being taken Zone defense.running into a stationary player while you are moving with the ball.an offensive player remains in the key (free throw lane.the player holds the person with or without the ball.a player dribbles the ball with both hands at the same time or they stop and then start dribbling again TERMS:          Air ball. VIOLATIONS: results in a change of possession with the team in bounding the ball at the side line opposite where the infringement took place    Traveling. 2-3) .moving illegally with the ball Three seconds.   Charging.a shot that completely misses the rim and the backboard Assist.the player hits the arm or hand of the person holding the ball.the area under the basket) for more than 3 seconds Double dribble. Defense.to throw the ball down into the basket with the hand above the level of the rim Fast break.dribbling or passing the ball towards your basket before the defense can set up Man-to-man. Holding.team trying to score Turn over.