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Assignment 3 1.

Balancing of Reciprocating Masses

Submit on 21-9-12

2.

3.

A slider-crank has r=3 and l=12. It has an angular velocity of 200 rad/s at time t=0. Its initial crank angle is zero. Calculate the piston acceleration at t=1 s. Use two methods, exact solution, approximate solution (truncating the terms in the Binomial series) and compare the results. Determine the unbalance of reciprocating masses of an inline, parallel, 4-cylinder engine where the cranks 1 and 4 are at φ=0 and the cranks 2 and 3 have φ=180o. Suggest a suitable balancing scheme in case there is unbalance. Examine the balance condition, both shaking force and shaking moment as they apply to the six cylinder, in-line engine of Fig.1.

Fig.1

Exercise 3 1. Figure 2 shows a three-cylinder in-line engine commonly used in small tractors. Examine the shaking forces and moments for this engine. If there are unbalanced force/moments suggest (show by neat sketches) arrangements to balance these. (Ref. K J Waldron and G L Kinzel - Kin., Dyn. and Des. of m/c for details)

Fig.2

2.

An inline slider-crank mechanism has a crank speed of 900 rpm, connecting rod length of 30 cm, stroke length 16 cm, con. rod mass = 11 kg, mass of reciprocating part (piston and piston pin) = 8 kg, mass of

The three masses are m1=6g. 90. 12.1 m and l=0. Evaluate the torque for the following angles (in deg.7. r2=150.3 and the angle between the banks is 60 0. 2009. rod =10 cm. Shigley) is to be balanced by adding masses in two correction planes L and R. 3rd ed. Pennock and Shigley. 30. Work out the problem (i) graphically and (ii) analytically–use a tabular column to enter relevant values. 8. Draw a shaking force diagram (polar diagram). c=600. Examine the balance condition of an opposed two-cylinder engine with 180o cranks (Dynamic force analysis of machines) Ref. con.rod mass=2 kg. What will be the shaking force diagram if the counter weight effect is to overcome only the centrifugal force? Figure 3 shows an in-line. Work out the problem (i) graphically and (ii) analytically. r3=100.3 4. P. crank and crank pin = 4 kg. For parameter values of r=0.7.4 with constant crank angular velocity ω1. 60. correction amount and counter weight orientation must be used to balance the net shaking force? Fig. d=150 and e=75. What gear ratio. Distance from the crank shaft axis to CG of crank = 4 cm.3. Theory of machines and mechanisms.1 m. Uicker.15 m from the crank pin end of the rod and using a lumped mass approximation for the con. 120. Calculate the magnitude and the angular locations of the corrections.16. 150 and 180. m3=5g. Fig. e=0. . two-cylinder engine with 180o cranks. Show the modified polar diagram. Pr. Suggest schemes to balance the shaking force/moments. What are the minimum and maximum values of the unbalanced forces? Assume a counter balance equal to the centrifugal force + one half of the primary inertia force on the equivalent mass on the piston. figure for Pr. 7. Also shown is a gear and rotating counter weights that is driven from the crank shaft. piston mass =3 kg.5 m. The dimensions in mm are r1=125. Distance from crank pin centre to CG of con.496. (Use the two methods of solution to check the answer ) (Balancing of rotating masses) The shaft shown (Ref. Page 643. m2=7g. b=300. a=25.) φ : 0. 6.4 5. Analyze the shaking force and moments for a V-engine having the cylinder configuration for each bank as shown in Fig. Derive an expression for input torque T01 for the offset slider crank mechanism of Fig.rod. determine the torque required to maintain a speed of 200 rev/min. with centre of mass located at a distance of 0.

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