Senior science Monday Recap water cycle – draw on the board – get a scribe to write Questioning – What are

some places you can find water? above Rainfall causes water on the ground to flow to many places, both on the surface of the Earth and below. It can flow along the ground to form lakes, rivers, wetlands and streams. It can flow into natural and man-made dams. Water that falls to the ground can evaporate, be used by plants, or can seep into the ground like a sponge. When water seeps into the ground, some of it is used by plants as nourishment. The rest of the water keeps moving down through cracks and spaces in the ground until it hits rocks or material that it can’t easily pass through. Material which stops the water is called bedrock. Material which doesn’t let water and other liquids easily flow through it is impermeable. An example is clay. Material which does let water easily flow through it is permeable. An example is sandstone. Water that fills spaces in the ground above bedrock is called ground water. The top of that layer of water is called the water table. Ground water can be taken from the ground using bores, or wells. This type of water is called bore water, and a pump is needed to get it to the surface. Artesian water comes from a source which does not need a pump to get water to the surface. Natural pressure forces water to the surface. If too much ground water gets taken away, either because of a natural event like a drought, or because of human activity, then the water table will fall. Wells which drill into ground water will run dry as a result. 9L3 Monday Explain that household wiring involves parallel connections. Why? If they were in series, you would have a constantly changing voltage level. A break in the circuit would mean the power would go off! You’d have to turn on all the appliances in your house just to make some 2 minute noodles in the microwave. Define current and voltage. Current is the flow of electricity through a medium. It’s like the water flowing through a tap. If you turn the tap on a lot, it’s like you have a large current. If not much water flows, it’s a small current. In the same way, if a lot of electricity flows through a circuit, you have a large current. If a small amount of electricity flows through a circuit, you have a small current. Define voltage. Potential difference

Thursday Theory for Friday: Rheostat – varies resistance Applications – lights (used to limit current to change brightness – high resistance = less bright bulb), Friday Rheostat equation

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