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Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on

Nanostructures (ICNS4)

12-14 March 2012, Kish Island, I.R. Iran

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Study of Adsorptive Desulfurization of Fuel with NiCMK-3 as a Magnetic Mesoporous Carbon


N. Farzin Nejad*, E. Shams, M. K. Amini Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Isfahan, Isfahan 81746-73441, Iran * farzinnejadn@ripi.ir

Greener Avenue to Metallic Nanoparticles: Plant-Mediated Synthesis of Gold, Silver, Cupper, Palladium, Zinc and Iron Nanoparticles
A. Alizadeha, b*, M. M. Khodaeia, S. Ghouzivanda a Department of Chemistry, Razi University, Kermanshah, 67149, Iran b Nanoscience & Nanotechnology Research Center (NNRC), Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran *ahalizadeh2@hotmail.com

Ni-doped CMK-3, magnetic mesoporous carbon, was synthesized by hexagonal SBA-15 mesoporous silica, as a template. The magnetic mesoporous carbon, Ni-CMK3, characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2-adsorption, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). XRD, TEM and N2-adsorption show that the mesoporous structure is retained after magnetization. The magnetic mesoporous carbon was studied for adsorption of Dibenzothiophene (DBT) from model of fuel. This is the first report employing a magnetic mesoporous carbon for desulfurization of fuel. Equilibrium characterization of the adsorptive desulfurization process was done by fitting experimental data to Langmuir and freundlich isotherm models. The equilibrium adsorption data was best represented by the Langmuir isotherm. Kinetic characterization of the adsorption process by applying pseudo-first order and pseudo-second order was studied. These results indicat that DBT adsorption on to magnetic mesoporous carbon, Ni-CMK-3, predominantly follows the pseudosecond order kinetic model. The maximum adsorption capacity for Ni-CMK-3 is 76.92 mg DBT/gr adsorbent. Keywords: Desulfurization, Mesoporous Carbon, Magnetic, Dibenzothiophene, Adsorptive. SYN 163

Nanoscale materials have attracted great interest due to their unique physical, chemical, and thermodynamic properties that have made them useful in such diverse fields as catalysis, electronics, optics, and even in biological and medical science. A lot of techniques have been developed for the synthesis of nanoparticles. However, it is inevitable that the interventions of environmentally harmful and toxic chemicals interfere in the synthesis procedures of nanoparticles. Recently, the green synthesis or fabrication of nanoparticles have been considerably studied by using harmless alternative biocompatible molecules such as proteins, peptides, cellulose, soybeans, gellan gum, vitamin B2, starch, D-glucose as stabilizing or reducing agents, bacteria and plant. From these studies, biosynthetic method employing live plant or plant extract has emerged a simple and viable alternative to traditional chemical procedures and physical methods only in recent years. Recently, our research interests have been turned to this field and our group demonstrated that the extract of several plants could be used to synthesize different metallic nanoparticles in aqueous solutions. The natural antioxidant components and the heterocyclic components are believed to be responsible for the reduction and the stabilization of nanoparticles, respectively. Keywords: Green synthesis; Metal nanoparticles; Plant extract; Nanotechnology SYN 165

Synthesis of Various Cadmium(II) Oxide Morphologies: Cadmium(II) Porous Coordination Polymer as a New Precursor for Preparation of CdO Nano-particles
A. Mehrani, A. Morsali* Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, 14155-4838, Tehran, Iran *morsali_a@modares.ac.ir

Molybdenum based Nanowires and Nanotubes by a Two-Step Molybdenum/ Chalcogenide/ Halide Approach
A. Mrzel*, A. Jesih, A. Kovi, S. kapin, M Remkar, D. Vengust Jozef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, Ljubljana, 1000, Slovenia *ales.mrzel@ijs.si

A Cd(II) porous coordination polymer, [Cd3(BDT)3(DMF)4(H2O)2]. (DMF)4(H2O)4 (1), which BDT is 1, 4-benzeneditetrazolate, has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and IR spectroscopy. Cadmium(II) oxide nanoparticles were obtained by simple thermolysis of compound 1 at 450 C under air atmosphere. Also effect of auxiliary compound has been investigated by calcination of this compound in oleic acid matrix at 286 C. Moreover, in order to obtaining new morphology, resulted precipitate was heated to 500 C. The CdO nano-particles were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). This study demonstrates that the Cd(II) porous coordination polymers can be suitable precursors for conventional one-pot preparation of cadmium oxide nano-particles. Keywords: Porous coordination polymer; CdO; Nano-particles; Oleic acid; Calcination

Transition metal dichalcogenide nanotubes, transition metal nanowires and transition metal oxide nanowires find several applications, especially as ultra-low friction materials, catalysts and as fillers for composites. Here we report on an efficient two-step synthetic route that enables efficient, large-scale production of these one-dimensional nanostructures based on molybdenum. First, by optimizing the reaction conditions M6SyIz (8, 2<y+z 10) nanowires were grown directly from the elements very efficiently. The nanowires are self-assembled into bundles of different sizes and orientation. Several different types of nanowires and nanotubes are obtained by heating these bundles in different gas mixtures. The annealing of Mo6S2I8 nanowires in nitrogen/oxygen mixture resulted in the production of the MoO2 nanowires. Transformation of bundles in argon-H2S mixture leads to the MoS2 nanotubes with split walls. These nanotubes keep many technological advantages, like mechanical strength and better tribological properties in comparison to typical MoS2 crystals. Finally, heating of bundles in argon /hydrogen mixture enables quantitative formation of pure molybdenum nanowires still grouped in starting morphology. The oriented molybdenum nanowires with similar length and diameters and very porous nanowires composed of molybdenum nanograins were obtained by hydrogenation of suitable precursor bundles. Synthe-

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