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KINGS OF ENGLAND

946 - 955 Edred (Eadred)

(946 - 1063)

First King of United England.

Successional rift between Edred's two sons, Edwy (Eadwig the Fair) and Edgar. The latter takes control of Mercia and 955 - 959 Northumbria, while Edwy rules in the south until his death in AD 959. Edgar then seizes complete control and becomes the second King of England.

959 - 975 975 - 978

Edgar the Peaceful Edward the Martyr

978 - 1016 Aethelred II (the Unready) 1013 - 1014 Danish occupation by King Sweyn Forkbeard, which ends with his death. 1016 Edmund II Ironsides Ruled from April to November.

1016 - 1035 1035 - 1040 1040 - 1042

Canute (Cnut) the Great Harold I Harefoot Hardicanute

King of Norway and Denmark.

King of Denmark.

1042 - 1066 1066

Edward the Confessor Harold II Godwinson


January to October. Died at Hastings.

1066

Harold is narrowly defeated at Hastings (14th October), and the Anglo-Saxon line of kingsends in England. (However, Harold's daughter, Gytha, had already married Vladimir II, Grand Prince of Kiev. Her descendants lead to Margaret of Oldenburg, who marries James III of Scotland. All British monarchs from James I of England are descended from Harold II.)

1066

Edgar Atheling (the Prince)

October to December. Uncrowned.

1066 - 1087 1087 - 1100 1100 - 1135 1135 - 1154

William I the Conqueror William II Rufas Henry I Beauclerke Stephen

Crowned in London in December. Son. Died in a "hunting accident".

Nephew of Henry I. Period of Civil War.

1154 - 1189 1189 - 1199 1199 - 1216 1216 - 1272 1272 - 1307

Henry II Richard I (the Lionheart) John Lackland Henry III Edward I

Lord of Ireland (1175). Son.

Son of Henry II.

Defeated the final independent Welsh princes. Hammer of the Scots. First English Prince of Wales. Weak king. Died mysteriously. Strong wife of Edward II.

1307 - 1327 1327 - 1330 1327 - 1330 1330 - 1377 1377 - 1399

Edward II Isabella Mortimer Edward III Richard II

Deposed. d.1400.

1399 - 1413 1413 - 1422 1422 - 1461 1455 - 1485

Henry IV Henry V Henry VI The Wars of the Roses

Cousin.

Deposed.

1461 - 1470

Edward IV

Third cousin.

()

1470 - 1471

Henry VI

()

1471 - 1483 1483 1483 - 1485

Edward IV Edward V Richard III


Ruled for three months. Deposed. Brother of Edward IV. Killed at Bosworth Field.

14851509 15091547 1547-1553 1553 15531558 15581603

Henry VII Henry VIII

Member of the House of Lancaster on his mother's side. King of Ireland (1541). First Defender of the Faith. Broke away from Papal church. Son. Pretender - 6th to 15th July. Deposed & beheaded. Dau. of Henry VIII. Catholic revival. m. Philip II of Spain. No heir. Dau. of Henry VIII. Childless. Founded the Church of England. Sowed the seeds of British Empire.

Edward VI Lady Jane Grey Mary I Elizabeth I