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When the

variables associated with Intended Turnover are compared,

Direct Support PROFESSIONALS who primarily support YES! aging adults with ID/DD different from those who support younger adults?


DSPs from Ohio completed an online survey

Primarily support adults age 45 and over = 41% Support an equal number of older and younger adults = 45% Primarily support adults younger than age 45 = 14%

Exploratory Cross-sectional design

Age of Persons Supported and Factors Predicting Intended Staff

Significantly LOWER Psychological Empowerment

Lower comparative scores assessing the meaningfulness of the work and a DSPs confidence in her ability to do her job suggest that DSPs who support aging adults with ID/DD feel that they have less skill discretion than their co-workers. DSPs who support people who are aging feel less able to independently go about the tasks of their job and that they have low control and influence over what happens within their department.
who support older folks showed:

occupational strain hypothesis = S

High job demands
leads to Job

& Low control



job dissatisfaction.

..Often resulting in voluntary turnover.


LOWER Job Satisfaction mean scores LOWER Organizational Commitment mean scores HIGHER Stress/Burden mean scores LOWER General Self-Efficacy mean scores LOWER Perceived Organizational Support mean scores HIGHER Intent to Turnover mean scores

Turnover: A Comparative Study

__________________________Suggested support for this workforce includes:________________________

Building staff knowledge and skills related to aging empowering staff to work autonomously including staff in departmental decisions

Carol Britton Laws, PhD, MSW

The Institute on Human Development and Disability The University of Georgia