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CHEMICAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT

FII Confidential

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Corporate Overview
p Filter Innovations p Founded in 1992 p p In 2006 Filter Innovations completed the merger with Calco Filter Innovations is a leading provider of innovative treatment solutions for process water, wastewater, ground water, and air. Turnkey solutions include Air Scrubber, Chemical Waste Treatment, Membrane Biological Reactor, Odour Control, and Ultra Filtration Systems Filter Innovations has an aggressive research and development program with leading governmental and educational institutions to develop practical applications of innovative new technologies which is leading to a series of new patented environmental products and systems
FII Confidential Slide 2

Mission and Core Values


p Vision p Filter Innovations will be recognized by our customers as their first choice in the supply of environmental equipment and products Mission p Filter Innovations provides clients with simple, innovative, and proven solutions for the treatment of organic and inorganic materials in water and air Core Values p Honesty in all that we do p Respect for the individual p Safety in the workplace and home p Commitment to our success p Commitment to our customers success

FII Confidential

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Basics of Chemical Treatment

Chemical treatment is still an essential component in many water and wastewater treatment schemes. The general purposes of the chemical treatment are: removal of suspended solids (turbidity) from the water; pH adjustment; removal dissolved material in the water; improve water quality. The Basic of Chemical Treatment that Filter Innovations Inc. provides, is: - pH adjustments and control - Coagulation / Flocculation - Precipitation - Clarification

FII Confidential

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Basics of Chemical Treatment


When to use a Chemical Treatment System To meet the local water discharge requirements, and save the customer money in sewer charges or water removal charges To provide a quality of water required for the process Recovery of valuable product Remember: the smaller the particle the longer it takes to settle 0.0001mm diameter particles take 4 months to settle 10 What can be done using a chemical Treatment Systems Removal of suspended solids from the water (Turbidity) pH adjustment Remove dissolved material in the water Improve water quality Remove?????

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pH Adjustment

pH is a measure of the activity of hydrogen ions (H+) in solution and, therefore, its acidity or alkalinity pComponents in the system ppH meter pReagent material (NaOH, H2 SO4 ) pMixing apparatus (Prop, Static)
pRea gent introduction (Metering Pump) pMixing Vessel

Why do we need to do this pPrecipitate components pMake secondary process more efficientpH meter pMake the pH neutral for disposal

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Coagulation

Coagulants neutralize the repulsive electrical charges (typically negative) surrounding particles allowing them to stick together creating clumps or flocs. pComponents in the system pFlow meter pCoagulant material pMixing apparatus (Prop, Pump, Static) pCoagulant introduction (Metering Pump) pMixing Vessel Why do we need to do this pDestabilize the electrostatic repulsion pMake following steps more efficientl

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Flocculation

Flocculants facilitate the agglomeration or aggregation of the coagulated particles to form larger floccules. Components in the system pFlow meter pPolymer material pMixing apparatus (Prop, Pump, Static) pPolymer introduction (Metering Pump) pMixing Vessel Why do we need to do this pMake the components to be removed flocculate and make it easier to remove from the clean water. Bigger particles get filtered easier pMake clarification efficient Buoyant Floc

Heavy Floc

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Chemical Testing

Easy performed by Filter Innovations to optimise and determine the right mixture of pH Adjustments, Coagulants and Flocculant chemicals to ensure a trouble free system. Requirements: pRepresentative sample of water to be treated, 5 gallons minimum for testing pWater lab test report pWater quality discharge requirements pFlow rate in final system pOperetor involvement requirements

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Clarifying the Wastewater

Once the water has been effectively pH Adjusted, Coagulated and Flocked the resulting sludge and clean water must be separated to finish the process. How to achieve pGravity pBuoyancy pFiltered

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Slant Plate Clarifier (Lamalla)

pUtilizing gravity to separate solids in wastewater is the most energy efficient pSlant plate is used to decrease the distance a particle has to fall before it hits a surface pThe flow rate of the clarifier is based on the particle density, surface area, fall rate, loading and temperature.

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Slant Plate Clarifier (Lamalla)

Components in the system 1. Inlet Header and flow distributor 2. 180 deg flow direction change 3. Slant Plates 4. Sludge hopper 5. Sludge pump 6. Water outlet weir 7. Clean water outlet . Tank/Plate Material of Construction Epoxy coated steel Stainless Steel Aluminum PVC

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DAF Dissolved oxygen Aeration Flotator


In certain cases when sludge is less dense than water, or neutrally buoyant, Dissolved Air Flotation (DAF) is used in Chemical Treatment System. p p

Membrane Biological Reactor (MBR) vs. Conventional Activated Sludge Treatment

DAF utilizes billions of micro bubbles that attach themselves to the flock and rise to the surface. These bubbles are known as whitewater. DAF unit requires a mechanical skimmer to remove floating sludge. Although, DAF unit needs more power to run comparing with gravity settling clarifier, it is efficient when used in the right environment.

FII Confidential

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Particulate Removal Filters

pWhen sludge after coagulation/flocculation treatment is not desired and consists of the very sensitive flocks, Filter Innovation offers following products as bag filters, self indexing filter, cartridge filters or filter press, which support higher filtration requirements. pAfter sludge/water separation, if further polishing is required, water is pumped into the vessels with specialty media and/or activated carbon.

Membrane Biological Reactor (MBR) vs. Conventional Activated Sludge Treatment

FII Confidential

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We proudly attach this label to every system we supply:

Membrane Biological Reactor (MBR) vs. Conventional Activated Sludge Treatment

744 Gordon Baker Road North York, Ontario, Canada M2H 3B4 Telephone 416 490 7848 Fax 416 490 0974 Email info@filterinnovations.com Web Site www.filterinnovations.com

FII Confidential

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MBR - Wastewater Treatment

MBR BASICS MBR Filtration Principle Out-In

Membrane pore size 50 m

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MBR - Wastewater Treatment

MBR System Elements

Laser-welded Plate-and-Frame Membrane Plates is a key element of the membrane filter.

Membrane Module is a complete unit consisting of membrane plates, support frame, feed inlet retentate, and outlet permeate ports.

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MBR - Wastewater Treatment

Depending on applications MBR can be presented by different kinds of aggregates Whole membrane filtration system includes: Membrane filters (membrane & support frame) Permeate withdrawal system Air scouring blower system Permeate & mixed liquor recirculation pumps Membrane cleaning system Programmable logic controllers (PLCs)

Membrane filters are submerged into the treated water. The filtrate is drawn through and out of the filters by the slightly negative pressure of only 0.1 bar (0.47 psig)

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MBR - Wastewater Treatment

KEY BENEFITS OF MBR HIGH WATER QUALITY BOD < 5 mg/L TSS < 1 mg/L Turbidity < 1 N.T.U. Total bacteria removal 99.99% virus removal Effluent is disinfected and particle free

RAW WASTEWATER

AERATION TANK

EFFLUENT WATER

FII Confidential

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MBR - Wastewater Treatment

KEY BENEFITS OF MBR High efficiency / Low maintenance Membrane modules are backflushable Easy to clean Yield 60-80% less sludge than conventional system Compact design footprint 75% smaller than conventional Possibility of direct and indirect water reuse

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MBR - Wastewater Treatment

MBR Typical Applications: MBR in Aerobic/Anaerobic Biological Treatment: - Most common - Well characterized in municipal / domestic wastewater treatment Industrial Application: - Process water - Wastewater Land field leachate

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MBR - Wastewater Treatment

Based on major fields of FII MBR applications - treatment of sewage, municipal, industrial, and agricultural wastewaters, Filter Innovations Inc. offers following SYSTEMS: Containerized MBR Sewage/Wastewater Treatment Plants ( up to 30, 000 GPD/ 120 m3/d ) Decentralized MBR Sewage/Wastewater Treatment Plants (up to 1 MGPD / 3800 m3/d) Septic Tank MBR Systems Tertiary Wastewater Treatment Units

MBR Portable Containerized Systems MBR Effluent vs. Raw Sewage

Septic Tank Application MBR Treatment Unit in Operation Decentralized MBR WWTP

FII Confidential

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MBR - Wastewater Treatment

Filter Innovations Inc. provides MBR Systems for small and medium size biological treatment plants.
Sewage / Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants Individual houses Mining camps Hotels, resorts, golf clubs Small subdivisions (villages) Small municipalities Industrial / Agricultural Wastewater Treatment Plants Dairy food products (Cheese plants) Slaughterhouses Wineries Industrial Chemical Plants (Wastewater Treatment) Agricultural polluted wastewater treatment plants

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MBR - Wastewater Treatment

Domestic Wastewater Treatment Septic Tank Application


inlet air inlet permeate outlet

Submerged membrane filtration system for new or retrofit small sewage treatment plants MBR aggregate is placed directly inside the septic tank or any other tank of small decentralized wastewater treatment system

sludge pump

membrane filter

emergency overflow
FII Confidential Slide 24

MBR - Wastewater Treatment

Containerized MBR System for Wastewater Treatment

This is Complete wastewater treatment plant available in 20-ft, 30-ft, 40-ft modified shipping containers
FII Confidential Slide 25

MBR - Wastewater Treatment

Decentralized Industrial Wastewater Treatment Plants

Food processing Chemical processing Refining and petrochemicals

Textile Mining Pulp and paper

Slaughterhouses Cheese Plants Winery

FII Confidential

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MBR - Wastewater Treatment

Reuse and decentralization will be essential for meeting human needs for water and sanitation both developing and developed countries. Membrane Bioreactors (MBRs) are the best available system for wastewater treatment and reuse. MBRs are becoming an important part of advancing water stability

FII Confidential

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We proudly attach this label to every system we supply:

744 Gordon Baker Road North York, Ontario, Canada M2H 3B4 Telephone 416 490 7848 Fax 416 490 0974 Email info@filterinnovations.com Web Site www.filterinnovations.com

FII Confidential

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