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3



Psychophysio

2
(Graydon, 2002)

22



(2542)
(Anxiety) to press tight to stangle
anxious

Weinberg and Goul (1999, p. 72)



(Arousal)



23


(Spielberger, 1989, p. 3-7)




3
1. (Affected by Felling)

2. (Shy)

3. (Suspecting)

4. (Apprehensive)

5. (Undisciplined Self Conflict)

6. (Tense)




(Arousal) (Anxiety)
(Stress)
(Related term)
(Gould, Greenleaf, &
Krane, see in T.S. Horn, 2002, p.208)

23

1. (Arousal) 1960 The Inverted-U Hypothesis


(Gould, Greenleaf, & Krane, 2002, see in T.S. Horn,
2002)



(Continuum)
2. (Stress)
Martens (1982, p. 24)
(Lazarus & Folkman, 1987, p.141)


(Gould &
Petlichkoff, 1988, p. 64) (Selye, 1983 see in R.H. Cox, 2002, p. 192)
2 (Eustress)

(Distress)


(Selye, 1975
, 2541, 76)
McGrath

(Gould et al., 2002, p. 211)

5
McGrath 4

1
(Environmental Situation)


24



2
(Martens, 1977, p.27)

()
()
3

4 (Performance of Outcome of
Behavior)
4 (Cycle)

3. (Anxiety)
(Martens,1982,p. 24; Lazarus & Folkman,
1984, p.141; Gould & Petlichkoff, 1988) (Selye see in R.H. Cox, 2002,
p. 192) 2 (Eustress)
(Distress)

(Selye, 1975

6
2541 76; , 2542 385; , 2541
52) 2
(State anxiety) (Trait anxiety)


(Weinberg & Gould,
1999, p. 73)


(Spielberger, 1966 ,
2542) 2
1. (Trait anxiety) (A-trait)


2. (State anxiety) (A-state)




Wiggin (1998) 24
2 1

24 1
2

7
1 24

Kou, Huang and Chou (2003)




1.

2.

3.

(2536)


(2539)
19


(2541)
4 1
4,3,2,1 1

8
1.
1
2.
4,3,2,1 1
3.
4 1
4.
4,3,2,1 1
.05
5.
4,3,2,1 1
.05
6.
4,3,2,1 1
.05

1. (Cognitive anxiety)



2. (Somatic anxiety)



(Eubank, Collins, & Smith, 2000)




(Lazarus
& Folkman, 1984, p. 141)


(Perfectionist)
( , 2549)


(Berger, Pargman, & Weinberg, 2001; Toker, Shirom, Shapira, Berliner, & Melamed,
2005)

10








(Spielberger, 1970 , 2544, 33-35)

(A-trait)

3

(Mild anxiety)


(Moderate anxiety)






25

11
(Severe anxiety)





(Borkovec, 1976 see in TS. Horn, 2002, p. 262)
(Multidimensional) 3
(Cognitive Anxiety)
(Physiology/Somatic Anxiety)
(Behavioral Components of Anxiety)





(Kerr & Kerr, 1997) Theory of
Psychological Reversals

(Met motivational State) Telic State
Paratelic State Telic State

Paratelic State

Jone, Swain, and Hardy (1993; 1995)


(Direction anxiety)
(Facilitative)
(Debilitative)

12

26
(Jones & Hanton, 2001)
(Mellalieu, Hanton, & Jones, 2003)






(2552)

25


.05

13



(Drive theory)
Spencer &
Spencer (1966)


Martens,
Vealey Burton (1990)


()
(Zajonc, 1965)

27 (Drive theory)
(Inverted-U Hypothesis)



(Gould & Udry,

14
1994; Hardy, 1990)

28 (Inverted-U Hypothesis)
(Hanins Zone Optimal Functioning: ZOF)
Zones of Optimal
functioning (IZOF)

1) 2)

Catastrophe Model
Hardy (1996 see in RS Weiberg, and D Gould, 1999)

(Cognitive anxiety)


Catastrophe

15

Reversal Theory


Kerr (1985 & 1997)



2 Reversal theory
1)
2)

( , 2541, 77)

1. (Objective Competition Situation)








2. (Subjective Competition Situation)


16

3. (Response)




4. (Consequence)






17

29

(Gould, Eklund, & Jackson, 1992a, 1992b; Gould, Jackson, & Finch,
1993a, 1993b; Scanlan, Stein, & Ravizza, 1991)

(Hlavora, 1978) 1
30


(Woodman & Hardy, 2001b)




( , 2542,
385-389)

18


(Drive theory)













( , 2548)

( , 2542; ,
2541; , 2545; , 2547)

19
1 1 30

( , 2545)





(Self-esteem) (Social
physique anxiety) (Weinberg & Gould, 1999, 79) 3

20

1.

2.

3.

4.



5.

6.


7.

21
8.



9.

30




Blackwell (1994)


22
Guibao (1995)

Hender (1995)

Mark(1996)


(2543)


1.




2.


3.

23
(2545)


1.
.01
2.

.01

.01
3.

.01
(2545)
20
1. 20.39
3.95 17.38 3.87
2. 24.45
3.60
3.
.01
4.

5.

(2547)
29

3
1

24

(2549)
33

(2549)
33


33 2

12 8 4

(2551)

24


(2541, 54-55)

31

25
(Heart
Rate) (Blood Pressure)
(Electromyography) (Biochemical)






1.
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
1.10
1.11
1.12 (Adrenalin)
2.
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5

26
2.6
2.7
2.8
3.
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8





2
(Sport Competition Anxiety test: SCAT)
(Competition Sport Anxiety Inventory 2: CSAI - 2)
2 (1977 ,
2541 52)
(2543, . 388-389)

1.
(Electrocardiogram)
(Respiration Anemogram) (Electromyogram)
(Biofeedback)

27


2.



3.

2 (Sport Competition Anxiety test:
SCAT) (Competition Sport Anxiety Inventory
2: CSAI - 2)
(2541, 55-56)


1. Spielbergers Trait Anxiety
Inventory The Cognitive Somatic Anxiety Questionnaire
2. Spielbergers State Anxiety
Inventory The Activation Deactivation Checklist
2
1. (Martens)

1977 (Trait
Anxiety)

(State Anxiety)
15

28

1, 4, 7, 10 13
2, 3, 5, 8, 9, 12, 14 15 A=1, B=2, C=3
6 11 A=3, B=2, C=1
10 30


10 15
16 23
24 30
2. (1983
, 2540)


(Somatic anxiety) (Cognitive anxiety)
(Self confidence) 27
(Cognitive anxiety) 1, 4, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22 25
(Somatic anxiety) 2, 5, 8, 11, 17, 20, 23 26
(Self-confidence) 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24 27 1
4 14 1 4 2 3
3 2 4 1
9 36

(Self-confidence)
(CSAI - 2)
9 17
18 26

29
27 36
(Revised Competition
Sport Anxiety Inventory 2: CSAI 2R)
(Revised Competition Sport Anxiety Inventory
2: CSAI 2R) 2003
(Revised Competition Sport Anxiety Inventory 2: CSAI 2R)


(Somatic anxiety) (Cognitive anxiety)
(Self-confidence) 17
1, 4, 6, 9, 12, 15, 17
2, 5, 8, 11, 14
3, 7, 10, 13, 16

1 4

10 10 40

10 19 =
20 30 =
31 40 =

30

1.
2. Eustress Distress

3. McGrath
4. (Trait anxiety) (A-trait)

5. (State anxiety) (A-state)

6. (Cognitive anxiety)

7. (Somatic anxiety)

8. ()

9. Drive

10.

31
11.
12.

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CSAI-2R Polar S810i.
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16.
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.

32
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20 . (:
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37.
.
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Anxiety, Trait Anxiety and Distractions on Performance in Basketball, Pueens
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Eubank, M., Collins, D., & Smith, N. (2000). The influence of anxiety direction on
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34
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