Hazel Andreana B.

Millanar BSMT1-H

November 23, 2012 Miss Marie Fe C. Gonzales

1. Define rhythm. In music, rhythm in the general sense consists of everything pertaining to the forward movement of music in time. It is occasionally used to refer to specific time events, such as the patterns of lengths in a certain group of notes. In dance, rhythm governs the movements of the body. 2. Define dance. It is a patterned and rhythmic bodily movements, usually performed to music, that serve as a form of communication or expression. Human beings express themselves naturally through movement. Dance is the transformation of ordinary functional and expressive movement into extraordinary movement for extraordinary purposes; even a common movement such as walking is performed in dance in a patterned way, perhaps in circles or to a special rhythm, and it occurs in a special context. Dance may involve a fixed vocabulary of movements that have no meaning in themselves, as in much of ballet and European folk dance, or pantomime and symbolic gestures may be used, as in many Asian dance forms. Peoples of different cultures dance differently and for varying purposes; their varied forms of dance can reveal much about their way of life. 3. Significance of Dance Education. Dancing benefits a child's education. Through dance, children not only learn the benefits of exercising, but they also learn coordination, balance, flexibility, stamina, stability, memory and discipline. Research shows dancing boosts a child's self esteem. Dancing makes children feel good and helps them gain confidence in their own abilities. Dancing teaches children how to listen, whether it be instruction or for the beat. When children are listening, they are not talking. Dancing shows children how to interact with their peers in a positive manner. Dancing at a young age is non-competitive.

4. Phases of Dance Program. a. Aerobics - programs of physical exercises that help people improve their level of fitness by
temporarily raising their heart rate and breathing rate.

b. Break Dancing - a form of solo dancing that involves rapid acrobatic moves in which different
parts of the body touch the ground; normally performed to the rhythm of rap music.

c. Gymnastics - using rope, a hoop, a ball, clubs, and a ribbon (in separate events), they
perform choreographed movements set to music. Some acrobatic movements are permitted, but no flight elements, such as flips and handsprings, are allowed. d. Bending e. Stretching 5. Elements of Movement in Space. a. Level - refers to movement up and down the vertical axis. b. Geometry of Space - direction, dimension, plane c. Shape - can be defined as the interrelated arrangement of the body or groups of bodies. d. Floor Pattern - is the pathway that the dancer takes when moving through space. It is also an indicator of where the dancer has been. e. Design in Space - in space is concerned with using space in a constructive and interesting way. There is a close link between the intent/concept of the dance and the spatial design. f. Personal Space - is characterised by the area around the individual's body (kinesphere). g. Active Space - occurs when the space itself comes alive, when it has meaning, or takes on symbolic suggestions of its own. h. Performance Space - is the area on which the dance is performed. The performance space is usually seen as being a proscenium stage, but it can be as varied as dance can make it.

fluidly and gradually shifting the center of gravity from one body part to another  Stretching .  Walk/Step – transference of weight from one foot to the other  Run – same as walk except the body leaves the ground between weight changes  Leap – same as run except the body is suspended in air between weight changes  Hop – leaving the floor from one or two feet and landing on one foot  Jump – leaving the floor and landing on both feet  Skip – to move along by hopping from one foot to the other  Slide – a gallop moving sidewards.moving body parts away from the center of gravity  Turning .are the basic movements that create the ability to move in more complex ways.  Twisting .rotating the body along the long axis  Swinging .is moving on the spot without going anywhere.rhythmical.moving a joint  Swaying . smooth motion of a body part resembling a pendulum  Dodging .the rotation of a selected body part around its long axis  Bending . right or left  Gallop – A combination of a walk and a run b.6.to move quickly and suddenly to one side . Non-locomotor Movement . Basic Natural Movement a. Locomotor Movements .

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