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Auditing I UAS Chapter 8

1. Which one of the following statements is correct concerning the concept of materiality? A. Materiality is determined by reference to guidelines established by the AICPA. Materiality depends only on the dollar amount of an item relative to other items in B. the financial statements. C. Materiality depends on the nature of an item rather than the dollar amount. D. Materiality is a matter of professional judgment. 2. The concept of materiality would be least important to an auditor in determining the known misstatements are significant enough to cause the auditor to modify his or her A. opinion. B. need for disclosure of a particular fact or transaction. C. effects of direct financial interest in the client upon the CPA's independence. D. scope of the CPA's audit program relating to various accounts. 3. The primary factor that influences the auditor's decision about materiality is to determine: A. whether cost benefit considerations should influence the scope of the audit. the amount of misstatement that will influence a reasonable person relying on the B. financial statements. C. the appropriate percent of total revenues to use. D. the size of a recorded accounts balance, such as total plant assets. 4. In general, the lower the amount of tolerable misstatement, the A. greater the amount of evidence that is needed. B. higher the risk of material misstatement in an assertion. C. greater the expected level of control risk. D. lower the expected level of inherent risk. 5. Another term that is used to materiality at the account balance level is:

A. overall materiality. B. risk of misstatement. C. tolerable misstatement. D. tolerable risk. 6. When planning the audit, the auditor will normally make preliminary decisions about: A. financial statement level materiality yes; account balance level materiality yes. B. financial statement level materiality no; account balance level materiality yes. C. financial statement level materiality yes; account balance level materiality no. D. financial statement level materiality no; account balance level materiality no. 7. An abnormal fluctuation in gross profit that might suggest the need for extended audit procedures for sales and inventories would most likely be identified in the planning phase of the audit by the use of A. a review of prior years' working papers. B. an evaluation of the entity's internal control structure. C. specialized audit programs. D. analytical procedures. 8. Analytical procedures used in planning an audit should focus on identifying A. material weakness in the internal control structure. B. areas that may represent specific risks relevant to the audit. C. the predictability of financial data from individual transactions. D. the various assertions that are embodied in the financial statements. 9. For all audits of financial statements made in accordance with GAAS, the use of analytical procedures is required to some extent A. the planning stage yes; as a substantive test yes; in the final review stage yes.

B. the planning stage no; as a substantive test yes; in the final review stage yes. C. the planning stage yes; as a substantive test no; in the final review stage no. D. the planning stage yes; as a substantive test no; in the final review stage yes. 10. Which of the following best describes the steps involved in performing analytical procedures? (1) Identify calculations and comparisons to be made, (2) perform the calculations, A. (3) investigate significant unexpected differences, and (4) determine effects on audit planning. B. (1) Identify calculations and comparisons to be made, (2) develop an expectation range, (3) perform the calculations, (4) identify significant differences, (5) investigate significant unexpected differences, and (6) determine effects on audit planning. (1) Identify calculations and comparisons to be made, (2) perform the calculations, (3) identify significant differences, (4) investigate significant unexpected differences, and (5) determine effects on audit planning. (1) Identify calculations and comparisons to be made, (2) develop an expectation range, (3) perform the calculations, (4) identify significant differences, and (5) investigate significant unexpected differences.

C.

D.

11. Which of the following factors would decrease the effectiveness of analytical procedures? A. Analytical procedures specifically relate to the assertion. B. The analytical procedure is based on a stable relationship. C. Data was developed by a private company with generally weak internal controls. D. Expectations are developed using a variety of sources. 12. Accounts payable for Widget Technologies, Inc. in the current year is not growing as fast as cost of sales, and accounts payable turnover is significant lower than prior years and industry averages. Gross margins have also significantly increased. Which of the following audit objectives is most likely misstated based on the evidence above? A. the completeness of purchases and accounts payable B. the occurrence of cost of sales C. the existence of accounts payable

D. the classification of purchases and accounts payable


Chapter 9

1. In the KPMG 2003 Fraud Survey, largest average annual cost of fraud was due to: A. Consumer Fraud. B. Medical / Insurance Fraud. C. Fraudulent Financial Reporting. D. Computer Crime. 2. Low barriers to entry, high degree of competition and declining margins would be considered one of which of the following risk factors? A. incentives and pressures for fraudulent financial reporting B. opportunity for fraudulent financial reporting C. attitudes and rationalization for misappropriation of assets D. incentives and pressures for misappropriation of assets 3. Inadequate segregation of duties or independent checks would be considered one of which of the following risk factors? A. incentives and pressures for fraudulent financial reporting B. opportunity for misappropriation of assets C. attitudes and rationalization for misappropriation of assets D. opportunity for fraudulent financial reporting 4. Significant, unusual, or highly complex transactions, especially those close to period end that pose difficult substance over form questions would be considered one of which of the following risk factors? A. incentives and pressures for fraudulent financial reporting B. opportunity for fraudulent financial reporting C. attitudes and rationalization for misappropriation of assets

D. incentives and pressures for misappropriation of assets 5. According to the KPGM 2003 Fraud Survey the most common method of uncovering fraud was: A. anonymous tips. B. internal audit. C. internal control. D. external audit. 6. Which of the following is NOT an important purpose of the brainstorming session among audit staff to discuss the risk of fraud? Allow junior members of the audit team to benefit from more senior member's A. knowledge of the audit client and of how fraud might be perpetrated. B. Allow more seasoned personnel a fresh set of eyes that might identify risks that otherwise might be overlooked.

C. Reduce the opportunity for fraud. D. Emphasize the possibility that fraud might exist in any audit. 7. Your client is a sports franchise that has experienced five successive years of sold-out seasons. You use your understanding of the pricing structure for seats and luxury boxes and the number of games in the season to estimate ticket revenues. If these procedures fail to detect a material misstatement, this represents which of the following risks? A. inherent risk B. control risk C. analytical procedures risk D. tests of details risk 8. Which of the following risk components can be assessed in non-quantitative terms? A. audit risk yes; control risk yes; analytical procedures risk yes B. audit risk no; control risk yes; analytical procedures risk yes C. audit risk no; control risk no; analytical procedures risk no

D. audit risk yes; control risk no; analytical procedures risk no 9. If audit risk (AR) is .02, inherent risk (IR) is 1.00, control risk (CR) is .10, and analytical procedures risk (AP) is .50, what is the appropriate level of test of details risk? A. .02 B. .04 C. .40 D. .75 E. 1.00 10. Which of the following represents a pervasive inherent risk factor? A company experiences low profitability relative to the industry and operating A. results are sensitive to economic factors. B. The assertion is difficult to audit. C. An account is susceptible to misappropriation. D. The account involves complex accounting issues. 11. Which of the following best describes the nature of a preliminary audit strategy? A. It is a detailed specification of auditing procedures to be performed. B. It represents the auditor's plan for meeting the general standards of GAAS. It represents the auditor's preliminary judgments about an audit approach and C. reflects certain assumptions about the conduct of the audit. D. It is the auditor's plan for meeting the second standard of field work. 12. Which of the following best describes the relationship between materiality, detection risk, and substantive audit evidence? Holding materiality constant, if detection risk decreases the evidence from A. substantive tests should increase. B. Holding detection risk constant, if materiality decreases the evidence from substantive tests should decrease.

C. Holding audit evidence constant, if materiality increases, detection risk should also

increase. D. There is no relationship between materiality, detection risk and substantive audit evidence.

13. In developing a preliminary audit strategy an auditor specifies each of the following EXCEPT: A. the extent of understanding of internal controls to be obtained. B. the planned assessed level of analytical procedures risk. C. the planned assessed level of control risk. D. the risk of being sued by financial statement users. 14. The use of the lower assessed level of control risk approach is LEAST likely when the auditor expects that controls related to an assertion are well designed and highly A. effective. B. C. D. an assertion is affected by a high volume of routine transactions that are subject to processing controls. the account to which an assertion pertains is affected primarily by infrequent transactions or adjusting entries. the cost of performing more extensive procedures to obtain the understanding of the internal control structure and test controls will be more than offset by cost savings from performing less extensive substantive tests.

Chapter 10

1. According to COSO, a system of internal control should address which of the following? reliability of financial reporting yes; compliance with applicable laws and A. regulations yes; effectiveness and efficiency of operations yes B. C. D. reliability of financial reporting yes; compliance with applicable laws and regulations no; effectiveness and efficiency of operations no reliability of financial reporting yes; compliance with applicable laws and regulations no; effectiveness and efficiency of operations yes reliability of financial reporting yes; compliance with applicable laws and regulations yes; effectiveness and efficiency of operations no

2. Which of the following is NOT a component of an entity's internal control? A. audit risk

B. control activities C. information and communication D. control environment 3. Which of the following is NOT an inherent limitation associated with any system of internal control? A. Management can override prescribed policies and procedures for personal gain. Internal auditors may focus more on efficiency and effectiveness issues than on B. compliance with internal controls. C. Individuals may collude to circumvent the system of internal control. Individuals may exercise poor judgment in making implementing internal controls D. because of inadequate information or time constraints. 4. Which of the following components of an entity's internal control includes the organizational structure of information technology? A. control activities B. control environment C. information and communication D. quality control systems 5. Computer general control procedures are normally considered part of A. the control environment. B. risk assessment. C. information and communication. D. control activities. 6. Which of the following represents an inappropriate segregation of duties in information technology? A. combining computer operations and network administration B. combining systems analysis and programming

C. combining computer operations and the library function D. combining network administration and database administration 7. As part of management's process of risk assessment management should put controls in place to assess which of the following risks? A. fraud risk no; inherent risk yes; business risk - no B. fraud risk yes; inherent risk yes; business risk - no C. fraud risk yes; inherent risk yes; business risk - yes D. fraud risk yes; inherent risk no; business risk - no 8. Which of the following factors are included in a firm's control environment? integrity and ethical values yes; segregation of duties yes; commitment to A. competence - yes B. C. D. E. integrity and ethical values no; segregation of duties yes; commitment to competence - yes integrity and ethical values yes; segregation of duties no; commitment to competence - yes integrity and ethical values yes; segregation of duties yes; commitment to competence no integrity and ethical values yes; segregation of duties no; commitment to competence - no

9. If the auditor is able to collect evidence that computer general controls are strong, then the auditor can conclude that: application controls function properly and put the correct transactions on exception A. reports. B. computer applications are more likely to operate consistently over time. C. computer processed transactions are adequately supported by source documents. D. the risk of batch totals failing to detect misstatements is low. 10. Which of the following is NOT an important risk associated with information technology? It may produce a transaction trail that is available for audit purposes for only a short A. period of time.

B. C. D.

The decreased human involvement in IT processing can obscure errors that might be observed in manual systems. Management is less likely to be aware of the risks associated with IT than the risks associated with manual systems. There is often less documentary evidence of the performance of control procedures in computer systems than in manual systems.

11. Which of the following is NOT an important reason for obtaining an understanding of internal control? A. to support a control risk assessment below the maximum for an assertion B. to identify types of potential misstatements C. to consider factors that affect the risk of material misstatement D. to design substantive tests to provide reasonable assurance of detecting the misstatement related to specific assertions

12. Which of the following is NOT one of the characteristics of management's philosophy and operating style? A. approach to taking and monitoring business risks B. monitoring policies for developing and modifying accounting systems C. conscientiousness and conservatism in developing accounting estimates D. its attitudes and actions toward financial reporting 13. Information processing controls over the financial reporting process address: A. the risk of misstatements in accounting estimates. B. the risk of misstatements in the choice of accounting principles. the risk of misstatement in summarizing information from databases in spreadsheets C. for presentation in the financial statements. D. the risk that the audit committee is ineffective. 14. Segregation of duties involves segregating: A. authorization, custody of assets, and delivery and receipt of goods and services.

B. authorization, cash receipt, and custody of assets. C. authorization, custody of assets, and recorded accountability. D. authorization, recorded accountability, and financial reporting. 15. Using computer editing to perform a limit test to determine that only data falling within predetermined limits are processed by the computer is a form of: A. computer general controls. B. computer application controls. C. controls over management discretion in financial reporting. D. the control environment. 16. Which of the following would NOT be considered an example of a performance review performed as part of the control activities component of internal controls? Management reviews reports that summarize the detail of account balances such as A. an aged trial balance of accounts, reports of cash disbursements by department, or reports of sales activity and gross profit by customer or region, salesperson, or product line. B. C. A department head compares actual performance versus budgets, forecasts, or priorperiod amounts. A manager regularly review the relationship of different sets of data such as nonfinancial operating data and financial data (for example, comparison of hotel occupancy statistics with revenue data). A manager annually reviews and documents the performance of employees in an annual human resource review.

D.

17. An auditor's flowchart of a client's accounting system is a diagrammatic representation that depicts the auditor's A. program for tests of controls. B. understanding of the system. understanding of the types of irregularities that are probable, given the present C. system. D. documentation of the study and evaluation of the system.

18. Which of the following statements regarding auditor documentation of the client's internal control structure is correct? A. Documentation must include flowcharts. B. Documentation must include procedural write-ups. C. No documentation is necessary, although it is desirable. No one particular form of documentation is necessary and the extent of D. documentation may vary. 19. Which of the following most likely constitutes a weakness in the internal controls of an EDP system? The control clerk establishes control over data received by the EDP department and A. reconciles control totals after processing. B. C. D.
Chapter 11

The application programmer identifies programs required by the systems design and flowcharts the logic of these programs. The systems analyst reviews output and controls the distribution of output from the EDP department. The accounts payable clerk prepares data for computer processing and enters the data into the computer.

1. Which of the following best describes the process for assessing control risk? A. (1) Perform tests of controls, and (2) evaluate the evidence and assess control risk. (1) Identify necessary controls, (2) perform tests of controls, and (3) evaluate the B. evidence and assess control risk. C. D. (1) Identify potential misstatements that could occur, (2) identify necessary controls, (3) perform tests of controls, and (4) evaluate the evidence and assess control risk. (1) Consider the knowledge acquired from obtaining the understanding of internal control, (2) identify potential misstatements that could occur, (3) identify necessary controls, (4) perform tests of controls, and (5) evaluate the evidence and assess control risk.

2. Which of the following represents the necessary control and the test of control that would control the risk of duplicate payment of an accounts payable voucher? Necessary control; The computer matches check information with the supporting A. voucher: Test of control; Submit test data to see that the computer appropriately matches check information with voucher information. B. Necessary control; The computer electronically cancels the voucher and supporting information when the check is issued: Test of control; Submit test data to see that the

computer rejects duplicate payments. C. Necessary control; The computer matches voucher date with the check date: Test of control; Submit test data to see that the computer appropriately matches dates on the voucher and on the check. Necessary control; There is separate duties for approving voucher and signing checks: Test of control; Observe segregation of duties

D.

3. Controls over the completeness assertion generally start by capturing information about a transaction when it is initiated and then follow A. the transaction forward through receipt or deliver and recording. B. compare information associated with the recording of transactions with information associated with the passage of title, which is normally captured during the delivery or receipt of goods and services. compare information associated with the recording of transactions with information obtained both with the delivery or receipt of goods and services and information associated with the initiation of the transaction. compare information associated with the recording of transactions with information created when the transaction is initiated.

C.

D.

4. When obtaining an understanding of internal controls the auditor identifies important programmed application controls over the occurrence of sales, however, the auditor also has serious concerns about the adequacy of the control environment due to a weak tone at the top about control consciousness. Which of the following best describes how the auditor should respond to this situation when planning tests of occurrence of sales? The auditor could assess control risk as low for an assertion after performing A. computer assisted audit techniques on controls relevant to that assertion. B. The auditor could assess control risk as low for an assertion after performing computer assisted audit techniques on controls relevant to that assertion and assessing the adequacy of segregation of duties. The auditor will probably assess control risk at the maximum irrespective of the quality of the programmed application controls. The auditor could assess control risk as low for an assertion if significant performance reviews are placed in operation.

C. D.

5. After obtaining an understanding of internal control and assessing control risk the auditors decided not to perform additional tests of controls. The auditor most likely concluded that the additional evidence to support a further reduction in control risk was not cost A. beneficial to obtain. B. assessed level of inherent risk exceeded the assessed level of control risk.

C. internal controls were properly designed and justifiably may be relied upon. evidence obtained through tests of controls would not support an increased level D. control risk. 6. When an auditor increases the planned assessed level of control risk because certain control procedures were determined to be ineffective, the auditor would most likely increase the A. extent of tests of controls. B. planned level of detection risk. C. planned level of substantive tests. D. level of inherent risk. 7. Which of the following is not a step in an auditor's decision to asses control risk at below the maximum? A. Evaluate the effectiveness of the internal control procedures with tests of controls. B. Obtain an understanding of the entity's accounting system and control environment. Perform tests of details of transactions to detect material misstatements in the C. financial statements. D. Consider whether control procedures can have a pervasive effect on financial statement assertions.

8. The ultimate purpose of assessing control risk is to contribute to the auditor's evaluation of the risk that A. specified controls requiring segregation of duties may be circumvented by collusion. B. entity policies may be overridden by senior management. C. tests of controls may fail to identify procedures relevant to assertions. D. material misstatements may exist in the financial statement assertions. 9. A procedure that would most likely be used by an auditor in performing tests of control procedures that involve segregation of functions and that leave no transaction trail is A. inspection. B. observation.

C. reperformance. D. reconciliation. 10. If an auditor decides to assess control risk as low based on computer application control procedures, which of the following would not be part of the auditor's strategy for testing controls? A. testing the effectiveness of computer general control procedures B. testing the effectiveness of management controls over computer output C. testing the effectiveness of manual follow-up procedures D. testing the effectiveness of computer application control procedures 11. When control risk is assessed at the maximum level for all financial statement assertions, an auditor should document the auditor's conclusion that control risk is at the maximum level no; basis for concluding that A. control risk is at the maximum level no. B. C. D. conclusion that control risk is at the maximum level no; basis for concluding that control risk is at the maximum level yes. conclusion that control risk is at the maximum level yes; basis for concluding that control risk is at the maximum level no. conclusion that control risk is at the maximum level yes; basis for concluding that control risk is at the maximum level yes.

12. If an auditor submits test data on an on-line, real-time basis to test computer application controls, this is most likely done as part of which of the following approaches to testing controls? A. parallel simulation B. test data C. integrated test facility D. systems control audit review file 13. If the auditor assessed control risk as low for an assertion based on tests performed during the first 10 months of the year, which of the following would be LEAST LIKELY to be performed to update the auditor's conclusion about control risk?

A. The auditor would consider the significance of the assertion involved. The auditor would consider the results of the tests of controls used to make that B. evaluation. C. D. The auditor would consider the evidential matter about design or operation that may result from substantive test performed in the remaining period. The auditor would consider the changes in the industry and the entity's operating environment.

14. Which of the following factors would generally NOT influence the auditor's decision about sample size when making decisions about the extent of tests of controls? A. the nature of the control B. the operating effectiveness of the control environment C. the frequency of operation of the control D. the importance of the control 15. A dual-purpose test normally involves: A. performing analytical procedures and tests of controls simultaneously. B. C. using the same evidence to draw a conclusion for tests of controls and for substantive tests. using the same evidence to draw a conclusion about tests of controls and to develop a preliminary audit strategy.

D. performing tests of details of transactions and analytical procedures simultaneously. 16. An auditor makes the following assessments of internal controls for material transaction classes: Completeness assertion related to credit sales as high Existence and Occurrence assertion related to credit sales as low Completeness assertion related to the cash receipts function as low Existence and Occurrence assertion related to the cash receipts function as high Completeness assertion related to the sales returns function as low Existence and Occurrence assertion related to the sales and returns function as high Based on these assessments the auditor is likely to conservatively set control risk for the existence of accounts receivable at: A. low.

B. moderate. C. high. D. maximum. 17. A material weakness in internal controls is one in which: there is less than a remote chance that a misstatement that is more than A. inconsequential will occur. B. there is more than a remote chance that a misstatement that is more than inconsequential will occur.

C. there is less than a remote chance that a material misstatement will occur. D. there is more than a remote chance that a material misstatement will occur. 18. For a private company which of the following statements is true about reporting deficiencies in internal controls? reporting in the auditor's report none; reporting to the audit committee only A. material weaknesses B. C. D.
Chapter 12

reporting in the auditor's report none; reporting to the audit committee both significant deficiencies and only weaknesses reporting in the auditor's report only material weaknesses; reporting to the audit committee both significant deficiencies and only weaknesses reporting in the auditor's report only material weaknesses; reporting to the audit committee only material weaknesses

1. Which of the following best describes the steps involved in assessing the risk of material misstatements? (1) Evaluate the type of potential misstatements that can occur, (2) evaluate the A. magnitude of potential misstatements, (3) evaluate the likelihood of potential misstatements. B. (1) Assess inherent risk, (2) assess control risk, (3) assess detection risk. (1) Evaluate the magnitude of potential misstatements, (2) evaluate the likelihood of C. potential misstatements. D. (1) Assess inherent risk, (2) assess control risk, (3) assess analytical procedures risk, (4) assess test of details risk.

2. A construction industry client uses the percentage of completion method to recognize

revenue and expense on current projects. Which of the following best describes the types of potential misstatements that the auditor should be concerned about? It is possible that inventory is overstated. The auditor should be alert to problems A. with the existence and occurrence or valuation and allocation of inventory. B. Significant revenues, expense, assets and liabilities arise from this accounting estimate. The auditor should be alert for problems with the valuation and allocation assertion.

C. A weak control environment may have a pervasive impact on many assertions. D. Weak industry trends might impact the completeness of revenues. 3. Analytical procedures for a retailer show significant increases in both profit margins and inventory turn days. Which of the following best describes the types of potential misstatements that the auditor should be concerned about? A. The auditor should be concerned about revenue recognition problems. B. The auditor should be concerned about the completeness of inventory. C. The auditor should be concerned about the existence of inventory. D. The auditor should be concerned about the completeness of revenues. 4. If the auditor plans to following a primarily substantive approach detection risk is normally assessed as: A. maximum or moderate B. high or moderate C. moderate or low D. low or very low 5. If the auditor plans to follow a lower assessed level of control risk approach the auditor will usually plan: A. less extensive substantive tests at year-end. B. more extensive substantive tests at year-end. C. less extensive substantive tests at an interim date. D. more extensive substantive tests at an interim date.

6. Which of the following best contrasts tests of controls and substantive tests? Tests of controls are usually performed at interim and substantive tests are usually A. performed at year-end. B. C. Both tests of controls and substantive tests are primarily designed to provide evidence about control risk. Tests of control are designed to draw a conclusion about frequency of deviations from proscribed controls and substantive tests are designed to draw conclusions about monetary errors.

D. Both tests of controls and substantive tests are always required by GAAS. 7. Generalized audit software is normally NOT designed to perform which of the following? A. Reconcile detail audit data with the general ledger. B. Perform tests on an entire population. C. Select and print audit samples. D. Assess detection risk. 8. Which of the following would NOT describe the nature of a substantive test? A. initial procedures B. tests of details of accounting estimates C. tests of details of disclosures D. risk assessment procedures 9. If an auditor sends a confirmation of a customers balance in accounts receivables, this best described as a(n): A. initial procedure. B. analytical procedure. C. test of details of balances. D. test of details of accounting estimates. 10. Which of the following factors would tend to increase sample sizes?

A. The audit population is homogeneous. B. The auditor is willing to accept a large amount of tolerable misstatement. C. The audit population is a large audit population. D. The auditor is willing to accept a high level of detection risk. 11. Which of the following would normally NOT be performed when auditing an accounting estimate? A. Send a confirmation or obtain evidence from an outside third party. B. Perform procedures to review and test management's process in making the estimate.

C. Prepare an independent expectation of the estimate. Review subsequent transactions and events occurring prior to completing the audit D. that pertain to the estimate. 12. As the acceptable level of detection risk decreases, the assurance directly provided from A. substantive tests should increase. B. substantive tests should decrease. C. tests of controls should increase. D. tests of controls should decrease. 13. As the acceptable level of detection risk decreases, an auditor may change the timing of substantive tests by performing them at an interim date rather than at A. year-end. B. nature of substantive tests from a less effective to a more effective procedure. C. timing of tests of controls by performing them at several dates rather than at one time.

D. assessed level on inherent risk to a higher amount. 14. Which of the following conditions does NOT need to exist in order for the auditor to consider moving the timing of a substantive test to an interim date? A. Internal control during the interim period and year-end is effective.

B.

There are no conditions or circumstances that might predispose management to misstate the financial statements in the remaining period.

C. Inherent risk would be assessed as low. The year-end balances of the accounts examined at the interim date are reasonably D. predictable as to amount, relative significance, and composition. 15. If detection risk is assessed as low the auditor will normally consider which of the following? A. Perform more effective audit procedures, with larger samples sizes, at year-end. B. Perform more effective audit procedures, with smaller samples sizes, at year-end. Perform less effective audit procedures, with smaller samples sizes, at an interim C. date. D. Perform more effective audit procedures, with smaller samples sizes, at an interim date.

16. An auditor's decision either to apply analytical procedures as substantive tests or to perform tests of transaction and account balances usually is determined by the A. availability of data aggregated at a high level. B. relative effectiveness of the tests. C. timing of tests performed at the balance sheet date. D. auditor's familiarity with industry trends. 17. Auditors try to identify predictable relationships when using analytical procedures. Relationships involving transactions form which of the following accounts most likely would yield the highest level of evidence using analytical procedures? A. total revenues and number of sales for a retail grocer total revenues, the number of rooms, occupancy rates, and average room rate for a B. hotel C. total revenues and the number of subscribers for a magazine total interest expense and the average principal balance outstanding for a D. construction company building new homes 18. After identifying related party transactions, an auditor most likely would

A. B. C. D.

substantiate that the transactions were consummated on terms equivalent to those prevailing in arms-length transactions. discuss the implications of the transactions with third parties, such as the entity's attorney and bankers. determine whether the transactions were approved by the board of directors or other appropriate officials. ascertain whether the transactions would have occurred if the parties had not been related.

19. The purpose of an audit program for substantive tests is to: describe the nature of procedures to be performed - yes; describe the timing of A. substantive yes; ensure that audit evidence is obtained for all audit objectives yes. B. describe the nature of procedures to be performed - yes; describe the timing of substantive yes; ensure that audit evidence is obtained for all audit objectives not necessarily. describe the nature of procedures to be performed - yes; describe the timing of substantive not necessarily; ensure that audit evidence is obtained for all audit objectives yes. describe the nature of procedures to be performed - not necessarily; describe the timing of substantive not necessarily; ensure that audit evidence is obtained for all audit objectives yes.

C.

D.