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CLE Reviewer Part 1

Kingdom of God Old Testament concept of the Kingdom of God.

Jews - knew about the Kingdom of God through Moses, the prophets. God is the King because he is the creator. Psalms= Kings= sons of God.

Jewish Notions of the Kingdom of God Military and Territorial Abundance- Gifts from a king who was pleased with them.

Problems and Downfall : punishments from an iron-handed leader. Anointed One military leader who will drive the Romans away.

Jesus Concept of the Kingdom of God

Kingdom of God- Dominates the messages of Jesus. Mission- Usher in the Kingdom of God (The realization of salvation.)

Q. How did he introduce the Kingdom of God? A. Parables, Beatitudes, Miracles.

Paschal Mystery = The Peak of the Kingdom of God. Kingdom of God = A life in line with the will of God. Establishment = forgiveness, grace, unity and love among the people. Completion of the Kingdom = sanctification of this world and its people

It is a gift, yet a task. It is already here but not yet fully. A kingdom of eternal joy and coming from the King The greatest gift one could receive in the kingdom is the face of God smiling upon us, looking at us pleased and happy.

Parables -Parabole = similitude/comparison -Jesus used the life setting of the Jews during his time. Features of Jesus Parables: -The parables of Jesus had twists -The parables of Jesus present his personality and the values he showed. -The parables of Jesus present the Good News.

The five short Kingdom of God parables 1. Parable of the Mustard Seed -The Kingdom of God starts from something small then it grows to something great. 2. Parable of the Yeast -The Kingdom of God is at growth though we cant see it. 3-4. Parable of the Hidden Treasure and Pearl

-They represent something very precious = Kingdom of God 5. Parable of the Net What will happen to people who do not try to seek the Kingdom? Good Fish (Good people) Bucket (Salvation) Bad Fish (Bad People) Thrown Away (Damnation)

Types of the Kingdom parables 1. Those that describe the King. (Ex. 3 Lost parables, Parable of the Sower) 2. Those that teach the Response needed. (Ex. Pharisee and Publican, Persistent Widow, Talents) 3. Those that teach is how to relate with others. (Ex. Good Samaritan, Unforgiving Servant) 4. Those that tell/describe the coming of the kingdom (Ex. The ten virgins, sheep & goats)

The Holy Spirit and the Kingdom of God -The 3rd person of the Holy Trinity who we worship with the Father and the son. -Spirit Ruah (meaning in Hebrew: Breath, Air, Wind) -Paraclete = Parakletos (meaning in Greek: Advocate, Consoler, Friend) -He who is called to ones side

Symbols of the Holy Spirit 1. 2. 3. 4. Water = The Holy Spirits action in Baptism. Anointing = The oil signifies the choosing done by the spirit. Fire = The manifestation during the Pentecost. Dove = The manifestation during the Baptism of Jesus.

The Holy Spirit in the Gospel The annunciation The visitation -The Baptism of Jesus -When Jesus rose from the dead.

The Gifts and the fruits of the Holy Spirit Gifts Is. 11: 1-4 Bestowed upon us during Baptism and Confirmation. -Wisdom -Knowledge -Understanding -Fortitude -Piety -Counsel -Fear of the Lord Fruits Gal. 5:22-23 Manifestations that the Gifts are at work in us. -Love -Joy -Peace -Patience -Kindness * These are just some of the Fruits.

The Sacrament of Confirmation In the West: Its called Confirmation which means saying yes for the 2nd time or voluntary yes. In the East: Its called Christmation and it highlights the ceremony of Anointing.

History of Confirmation: -Pentecost The Holy Spirit descended among the Apostles. -Peter laid his hands upon those who have been baptized. -Administered together with the sacrament of Baptism = Easter Vigil -Needed for infant baptism during the middle ages.

Significance: -One of the 3 sacraments of initiation. (The other two are Eucharist and Baptism)

Effects: -Unites us more deeply with God -Strengthens the Gifts of the Holy Spirit. -Renders our Bond with the church more perfect. Rite and Symbols: -Laying of Hands with Anointing of oil: Essential Rite, Signifies being chosen and strengthened. -Chrism: Oil that symbolizes the blessing of the Holy Spirit. -Tap on the Cheek: Greeting of Peace, Awakening of the Gifts. -Person to be confirmed = Baptized Christian that is not yet Confirmed and is trained. -Minister = Bishop. But the Bishop can designate a minister in times of emergency.

The Miracles of Jesus -The miracles of Jesus reveal his true nature and his mission. -The miracles of Jesus are foretastes of the Kingdom of God.

Classification: -Exorcisms -Exorcism -Jesus manifested his power over the dark spirits. 1. Actual Exorcisms (Ex. The exorcism of the Gerasene Demoniac) 2.Some of his exorcisms were actually healings (Ex. The possessed/lunatic boy) -People then thought that illness is Possession. 3.Some of Jesus exorcisms were symbolic. (Ex. Mary Magdalene) -Healings -Jesus manifested his power over sickness and disabilities. Ex. The Healing of Bartimeaus of Jericho The Healing of The ten Lepers The Healing of the paralytic The Healing of the Centurions Servant The Healing of the Hemorrhagic Woman -Nature Miracles -Jesus manifested his power overall creation. -Miracles involving elements of nature. Ex. Calming of the Storm Walking on Water. -Miracles involving food Ex. Feeding of the Multitude Turning Water into Wine -Healings -Nature Miracles -Restoration to Life

-Miracles involving living things Ex. Miraculous catch of Fish Cursing of the Fig Tree

-Restoration to Life -Jesus manifested his power over death. -Restoration to Life is not Resurrection. Ex. The raising of Lazarus/ The raising of the son of the widow of Nain The raising of the Daughter of Jairus. The Beatitudes -Beatitudes = keys to the kingdom -beatus/beati = the blessed ones -Opening of the Sermon on the Mount. 1st Beatitude: Poor in Spirit Jesus: -Simple Life -Spoke and Related to people poorer than him. -Content with whatever he had. 2nd Beatitude: Mourn -Physical and Emotional Pain -It is alright to grieve when we feel the pain. -We must learn from pain. -Wounded Healers -We consider God as our greatest wealth. -Luke = The Blessed and the Accursed.

3rd Beatitude: Meek -Meekness is not equivalent to dullness and tolerance. -Being meek is not being weak but being gentle -Meek People are Cool People -Jesus was cool and patient (especially on his trial)

4th Beatitude: Desires Righteousness -Desire what is right and what is just. -Justice -To give what is due. -Basis of Love

-Not only avoiding what is wrong but doing what is right and good. 5th Beatitude: Merciful -Compassion= to suffer or to feel with/to give more than what is due (MAGIS) -Forgiveness -Patawad Pataw = Justice tawad = Reduction awa = mercy 6th Beatitude: Clean of Heart -All Saints had the same struggle (except Mary)

7th Beatitude: Persecuted -Jesus was persecuted because he upheld what is right and good. -peacemakers - We can do this in our simple ways (Ex. Stop fights of Classmates)

*Pls. Read Year of Faith I.S