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SIMPLE AND EFFECTIVE REFORMS FOR CONTROLLING CORRUPTION, BLACK MONEY AND DELIVERING GOOD GOVERNANCE WITH EXISTING

ANTI CORRUPTION MECHANISMS

Er. PRADEEP KUMAR KUNCHE kunche_pk@yahoo.com, kunchepk@gmail.com pradeepkunche.blogspot.in ; www.scribd/pradeep_kunche


Think Social Engineering Think Me

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The words black money and corruption are the most pronounced words every day by majority of the people in the country. It is due to extensive media coverage, propaganda by the opposition parties. As a result, people of the country especially, youth are more worried about their future, losing confidence in government and the parliament democracy, as they are not aware of government welfare activities. To the common people, corruption at the fair price shop, at land registration, at the vehicle registration, price raise in the commodities; costly health care, etc are more worries than anything, which effects there day to day life. It is high time that congress and UPA to bring reforms in the system of governance to un earthen the black money, control the generation of black money, and prevention of circulation of black money in addition, to eliminate the corruption from the roots, by a transparent administrative mechanism. India being the country with more than 70 % youth population, and majority of them uses the mobile phones over 65 crores of total mobile users, and has some knowledge of the electronic cards, and computerisation, they can easily adapt to the new system. The reforms in banking, land revenue, health, agriculture, manufacturing, energy, education sectors etc needed to eradicate corruption to the maximum extent, which the reforms almost makes no room for corruption that affects the day to day life of the people. Unless this reforms are announced and take initiatives for the bringing the legislation and implement them, it will be hard time for the UPA partys to convince the common man in the future elections in the event of ongoing agitations by social activists and the gaining public support to such movements. It is very optimistic that if the reforms in the above said sector if implemented properly, there will be no look back for the congress party for next few decades, as country at this time has more than 70 % of the population belonging to youth.

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CONTENT BRIEF INTRODUCTION 4-13 FINANCIAL SECTOR REFORMS 14-25 LAND AND PROPERTY REGISTRATION REFORMS 26-29 HEALTH CARE & PHARMACY SECTOR REFORMS 30-34 TRANSPORT & PETROLEUM SECTOR REFORMS 35-44 MANUFACTURING SECTOR REFORMS 45-48 AGRICULTURE & FERTILIZER SECTOR REFORMS 49-52 PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM - 53 TRAVEL AND HOSPITALITY SECTOR REFORMS 54-56 CENTRAL CONTRACT MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY 57-59 ENERGY SECTOR REFORMS 60-61 COMPANY LAW 62 EDUCATION SECTOR REFORMS 63 COMMUNICATION SECTOR REFORMS 64-65 STATUTORY LICENCES 66 URBAN DEVELOPMENT AND MUNICIPAL REFORMS 67-68 RAILWAY REFORMS 69-70 PUBLIC SERVANTS DATA BANK 71-72 PRIVATE BUSINESS ENTREPRENEURS DATA BANK 73 POLICE REFORMS 74-77 TAXATION REFORMS 78 ABBREVIATIONS 79 CONCLUSION 80
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BRIEF INTRODUCTION
As these days majority of the people in the country is talking about black money and corruption, it is very necessary that the reasons being the black money and corruption and the measures necessary from the government side and from the citizens of the country. The main reasons for black money and corruption are due to goods produced and being sold without invoicing/zero bill and under invoicing in the manufacturing sector & retail sector (preventive measures for generation and circulation of zero billing is discussed in detail in the Manufacturing sector reforms chapter, and also in the power sector reforms and transport sector reforms) and also mainly due to the agriculture produce being transacted in cash largely, and also mainly due to the reason the income from agriculture produce is not being taxed (preventive measures for generation and circulation of black money in agriculture sector is discussed in detail in the Agriculture sector reforms chapter), and also mainly due to the zero billing / under invoicing in the mining industry produce. In order to generate black money, corruption is being encouraged by the black money generators at all levels in all areas political, bureaucratic and to some extent in judicial system also. In addition, the black money is being generated by siphoning/compromised in quality etc of the welfare schemes of government (preventive measures for minimizing corruption and identification of black money in political/ bureaucratic and working class of business establishments is discussed in detail, in the draft proposal for electoral reforms for control corruption emphasizing the need for social justice and social equality in the political system to minimize black money in the electoral process and minimizing the spoil system of administration , also discussed in the Public servants data bank, and also in statutory licences data authority). All the black money generated directly through zero billing and under invoicing and the black money in the form of corruption, money is being kept in banks in benami accounts and are being circulated in real estate, bullion market and other various sectors. I strongly believe that the black money and corrupt money is playing substantial role in the growth and development of some sectors. As such, the Indian economy is stable even in though the global economy is in recession. In addition, to mention if the punitive measures are initiated all of a sudden, it will kill the whole economy and the purpose of controlling the black money will not be served, As such; I am of the view that government must initiate VDS (voluntary disclosure of income) to all black money holders and more stringent punishments , caught after the expiry of the period of the VDS. If without the giving chance for corrupt money/black money holding persons in the executive, legislative, if the preventive measures are initiated, it is not a big surprise that governments both central and state needs to run its administration from the jails, also all the sports stadiums need to be converted to jails, as to run the administration experienced bureaucracy of all levels are required, but majority of them are in jails being convicted due to sudden implementation of reforms, of course it will be certainly a good
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news for the youngsters for getting plenty of opportunity in administrative set up of the government, as government makes new recruitment, but it takes time to get them trained and to put minimum experience for the freshers. As far as the elected representatives are concerned if electoral reforms are not implemented along with preventive measures to control black money with VDS scheme, one again the family members (wife, husband, son, daughter and brother in law etc) of the corrupt convicted elected representatives will represent the respective levels of the electoral system. So need of the hour is reforms both in the electoral system and simultaneously in the governance, not lok pal and jan lokpal. In the local pal system, the system will act sue motto, on the complaint, it needs time to do investigation. Also by brining lower bureaucracy especially group D mostly belonging to lower income group and SC, ST, BC, Minority and economically backward upper castes. It is a common since that as per the universal management principle A Class items are few in number i.e 5 % in volume but 70 % of the value of the components, B class items are 15 % in volume but value 20 %, where as C class items are 80 % in volume but values only 10 % of the total component cost. If you see the bureaucracy/ political executives the reflection is the same manner, with higher bureaucracy/ political executives with 2 % in number, the middle bureaucracy/ political executives are 18% in number where as the lower bureaucracy/ political executives are 80 % in number. If quantified the money lost by the government it will reflect the same pattern. Also, simple example, in case of old age pensions not received in time due to any reason, without any doubt the elderly people will certainly complaint without any hesitation, the total number of elderly people receiving the old age pensions runs into several crores in numbers, can the lokpal can handle all the complaints, can the people advocating the lokpal will prevent any elderly people ?. it is ridiculous without creating the proper facilities trying to put stick on the lower bureaucracy. Making the life measurable till the case is disposed off. This dose not to mean to encourage corruption at the lower level, corruption at all levels needs to be eradicated, but the corruption control mechanisms should be inbuilt in the system of administration to control on its own. It is as simple, if the surrounding atmosphere is causing cancer, without changing the surrounding atmosphere, demanding that cancer-curing hospitals are with staff are required to treat the cancer., by which way one one in the worlds can cure the cancer. Here the surrounding atmosphere is go governance, The cancer is corruption, The hospitals is lokpal and The staff are lokpal members. As everyone know that prevention is better than cure I strongly wish, people should demand prevention, rather demanding cure, and government must act in the preventive direction. Also in the language of farmers if we do not remove from the roots, the weeds will rise repeatedly, so need of the hour is to identify the roots of corruption and introduce reforms to remove corruption from the roots in a systematic manner, which is permanent in nature. Also government must make measures to bring back the black money lying in outside India.

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FINANCIAL SECTOR REFORMS


Since banks are vital for any kind of money transaction, it is very much in need to bring the drastic reforms in the banking sector, the reforms in banking sector along with with monitoring by the taxation authorities will certainly un earthen the black money holders, control the generation and circulation of black money and keeping the corruption under control. All the banks and financial institutions in the country need to be under a common authority, which is a hub of data bank of all the transactions related to banking in the country. To make this a Central banking authority (CBA) need to be constituted. All banks and financial institutions need to operate under this authority, by integrating the entire Core banking systems of all the banks to generate and synchronise the data of all the transactions as per standard data Performa, to eliminate the benami/ fatuous transactions/ operations and put control of the money flow under straight vigilance. In the present global financial situation, people are investing in jewellery largely. It is very much happening that mostly black money being invested in gold; In order to eliminate the black money investment in jewellery it is necessary to have a monitoring authority for the bullion trade, by establishing Central bullion trade authority (CBTA), CBTA will issue licences to all involved in bullion trade, from the manufacturers/ importers, the sellers, retailers. CBTA will act as data bank of all the jewellery trade in India; operations are very online (through electronic machine at all the traders) on the similar lines of regular bank transaction. Government to monitor and regulate alcoholic beverages trade in India, to bring manufactures/ retailers of alcoholic beverages thought the country under one central authority and monitoring the sale online real time. For this Central beverage trade monitoring authority (CBTMA) be constituted CBTMA will issue licences to all manufacturers / retailers, will provide unique bar code id from the CBTMA to label on each bottle manufactured; all retailers provided online swipe machines / bar code readers to record the sales. CBTMA will be the data hub of all the beverage trade in India in real time, as CBTMA electronic data machine being online ,enables all sale transaction recorded at the CBTMA, the bar coding for each bottle will get the details of the purchaser, details of the retailer, details of the manufacturer.

LAND AND PROPERTY REGISTRATION REFORMS


Land and property plays vital role in the development of the country, based on the progress in development activities in the country land and buildings value is increasing, attracting more investment in this area.

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It an open secret, in all land transactions, black money plays substantial role. In addition, lot of properties are in the benami names. Most of the benami properties are being acquired through black money. It is also fact that in majority of benami land holders (names appearing in document) financials as per taxation will not support to acquire the property. In some cases the benami property holders dose not even know that the property exists in their name. Many individuals have properties in different parts of the country not declared in the taxation authority. To control the investment of black money (un accounted money) in property transactions, bring all the property related transactions under the tax net, also to control the corruption, as corruption money mostly invested in property, there should a Central property registration authority (CPRA) established at the national level., in coordination with the state governments. As properties being acquired by different parts of people in different parts country, The CPRA will a unified hub of the data of registrations thought the country by connecting all the state registration offices online real time.

HEALTH CARE & PHARMACY SECTOR REFORMS


The need of the hour to bring all the healthcare related activities under one roof and monitor the related activities; as such the Government must create a central authority Central health authority (CHA) which acts as a hub of all health care activities in the country. CHA is a data hub of all hospitals, doctors, supporting staff, pharmacy, insurance providers etc. It provides the details of hospitals like the no of beds, the facilities available, the doctors available, the service charges etc. it also ensures that all hospitals have the qualified staff. CHA has also Central pharmacy network authority (CPNA) which operates as integral part of it. Which issues licences to all pharmacy manufacturers, distributors, retailers on fulfilling the statutory conditions, it provides bar coding for each strip of the medicine, ensures the sale through CPNA network machine, for authenticity, real time stock movement, eliminate spurious medicines.

TRANSPORT SECTOR REFORMS


Transport plays a vital role in the development process. It is necessary to coordinating all the registration offices of all states, to have a central database, which indirectly help in controlling circulation of the black money in several forms, by having the control over the movement of the vehicles. As all goods produced whether they are tax paid or not the goods have to move from one place to the other as such all tax evaded goods can be identified. Apart from this, there will be many more uses In order to achieve the desired purpose, Central vehicle registration authority (CVRA) should be constituted. The CVRA will act as data hub of all the vehicle registrations throughout the country, all the vehicle registration offices (VRO) has a separate id, the CVRA will integrate / interconnect all the VRO
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In addition, Central toll tax administration authority (CTTAA) should be constituted, synchronising all the state toll collection operations which will operate on line real time bases. In addition, Central petro fuel network authority (CPFNA) should be constituted, synchronising all the petrol pumps through the country which will operate online real time bases. Also Central cargo movement monitoring authority (CCMMA) should be constituted for monitoring all the cargo movements throughout the country. Central vehicle registration authority is interlinked to the central petro fuels network as well as central toll tax authority, and central cargo moment authority for achieving the desired results. CVRA will provide the standard format for vehicle registration offices (VRO) in states, for registration of vehicles, to issue Electronic vehicle registration card (EVRC), Electronic driving licence card (EDLC) through all the vehicle registration offices by submitting the form duly filled and after testing required parameters, Both EVRC, EDLC will be necessary to operate obtain the fuel from any petrol pump, to cross any tollgate, to carry any goods, can be used for various other purposes. Since roads play a vital role in the movement of transport, it will be ideal to create a unified authority to monitor the development of roads at state level and national level. Central highway information authority (CHIA) should be constituted. Authority will have state level offices to gather the information of the roads all the time 24/7 and upload the condition on the roads, like any traffic jams, road blocked due to emergency repair, or any other issues...

MANUFACTURING SECTOR REFORMS


Due to financial reforms, the manufacturing sector in the country is growing rapidly, in order to ensure economy also grows it is necessary that all the production is taxed, in order to monitor and administer all production ensuring it being taxed, the manufacturing sector needs an authority. As such, Central manufacturers administrative authority (CMAA) should be constituted to bring all the manufacturing relating activities in the country. The CMAA issues the registration no for all the manufacturers, raw material suppliers, also to distributors and retailers, existing as well as new. The manufacturers and raw material suppliers has to register with the authority category wise,(example, cement industry--all the cement producing companies, all the raw material like lime stone supplying company etc in the cement category, likewise electronic, automobile, pharmacy, fertilizer etc )

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CMAA issues unique id sector wise, company wise, product wise, and individual piece/ bag wise, the data will be integrated with central cargo movements authority.(CCMMA). The unique id for the production of the month will be up loaded to the CCMMA data base, the will ensure that no goods will move without being taxed, also ensure that each product sold will by retailer will be taxed, have unique id on each product, so that the production as well as the sale is confirmed legally. It will also ensure that depreciation claim will be genuine.

AGRICULTURE & FERTILIZER SECTOR REFORMS


To bring all the agricultural related activities throughout the country under one hub, an authority is necessary, the Central agriculture authority (CAA), at the national level with branches in state/ district/ mandals. This authority will issue electronic identification for all the agriculture related activities, to farmers, for the agriculture market federations, farm produce, storage godwans, the wholesale purchasers etc. This operates in seed, fertilizer, pesticide networks. CCA will provide unique id for all of them category wise, and provide the necessary electronic data machines for the market federations, all farmers provided with electronic card, electronic data reading machines for the retailers of seeds, fertilizers, pesticides. CAA issues to all the farmers, Electronic farmer identity card (EFIC), the farmers electronic data card will have all the details of farmer, name, voter id, the extent of land, the yield per acre the crops they are raising etc... All the seed related activities can be brought under one authority as such central seed administration authority (CSAA).This authority is integral part of CAA... All the fertilizer related activities can be brought under one authority as such central fertilizer administration authority (CFAA).This authority is integral part of CAA... All the pesticides related activities can be brought under one authority as such central pesticides administration authority (CPAA).This authority is integral part of CAA..... The seed / fertilizer/ pesticide retail sale should be mandatorily through the electronic farmer identity card (EFID). All Sale bill are generate through CSAA /CFAA/CPAA system with integration to and through CAA, the retailer needs to swipe both EFID and the bar coding on the packs, the CAA system authenticates the details of the farmer as well as the pack, ensuring the genineuty of the product, the data of utilisation, the stock position on real time.

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PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM (PDS):


As we all are aware that, majority of the people in the country are receiving food, grains and other essential commodities at fair price shops in their respective localities at FPS, through the PDS, It is an open secret in the present set up of PDS the delivery of goods are not as in tended and are not reaching the beneficiaries and are diverted for open market for gaining more profit. As such, the PDS system should be made more transparent controlling and reducing the mis appropriation to the minimal level. As such, the PDS should be centralised, with online network of all the state, district and mandals of the PDS system from stock points to FPS, with details of state wise allocation of grains and material, quality and quantity check details, date of arrival at the distribution points, date of arrival at the FPS should made public.

TRAVEL AND HOSPITALITY SECTOR REFORMS


For a country like India, with many states, with lot of interstate, intercity travel by several croes of people from one place to the other for various purposes, business, tourist, etc. For the convenience and safety of people, the nation having threat from the anti social and terror activities, it will be very much in need to have a controlling and monitoring authority of travel and tourism activities in the country, as such it will be ideal to constitute a Central travel and tourism authority (CTTA) CTTA will be the data hub of all the travel, tourism related activities. In addition, Central hotel and hospitality authority (CHHA) will act as the hub of all the hospitality industry in India, with the database of all the hotels, clubs, etc. and a hub of guest details. It is mandatory that all the hotels/ clubs/ resorts/ restaurants/ guest hoses/ service apartments and lodges to be registered in CHHA to obtain the registration no, to access the CHHA network. All the hotel and restaurants connected online through CHHA. All details of guest occupancy of rooms and restaurant billings are known in real time. CHAA ensures safety as well as the expenditure details.

CENTRAL CONTRACT MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY


In order to prevent/ minimize corruption in the contract system a central authority namely CENTRAL CONTRACT MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY (CCMA) to monitor the process of awarding contracts. The CCMA will have the state, district offices. The CCMA has separate wings for the civil contracts, electrical contracts and mechanical contracts.

ENERGY SECTOR REFORMS


Energy is the vital parameter for any activity in the country, especially, the industry and manufacturing sector, agriculture sector, to ensure that proper
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utilisation of energy, an central authority is essential. As such Central energy administration authority (CEAA) should be constituted. CEAA will be the nodal authority, should work in coordination with all the energy developers in the country, all manufacturers in the energy sector, etc. CEAA should be integrated with all the state / regional transmission and distribution companies. All information /data of energy users especially the HT connection is shared with CMAA. CEAA will segregate the information according to the user category, according to the industry / manufacturing unit, service provider, etc. CEAA have the information from central statutory licences authority (the data hub of all licences in the country, CSLA) about the details of the category wise list. CEAA process the information, find out details of the energy utilisers list with CEAA to correlate as per the list of CSLA, in case CEAA finds that the energy utiliser is not in the CSLA, will bring it to the notice of CSLA for further action, this will certainly useful in controlling un authorised manufacturing etc, CEAA will pass on the information of energy utilisation of the concerned manufacturing unit to the CMAA to look into the matter and take necessary steps, to access any over production, suggest for improvement of energy efficiency.

COMPANY LAW REFORMS


As the countrys economy is growing due to industrialisation, as such for the conduct of the business lot of companies are incorporated , majority of the companies are in paper existence are mainly utilised for the purpose of black money circulation. To prevent this lot of reforms are needed in the company law. For incorporation of the company, the details of the directors pan no, there voter id no, there income tax returns of the directors/ share holders, need to be obtained, soon after the registration the information should reach the CSLA, which further inform the respective authorities for the licences, also the CMAA. All companies must obtain income tax clearance from all the directors and all share holders mandatorily before being part of the company, all the directors, all share holders list name wise, should be sent to income tax depart about the investment of the individual for further processing..

EDUCATION SECTOR REFORMS


Since education is the backbone for development of the country, India being the country will large no of educational institutions, it necessary to bring all the education related activates under one central authority useful in many ways. As such, Central education administration authority (CEAA) has to be constituted
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CEAA will act as hub for all the information regarding the education. All universities, Colleges, institutions need to be registered in CEAA.. The data about the teaching staff, degree holders etc....

COMMUNICATION SECTOR REFORMS


Communication is vital in daily life. Majority of people in the country holds mobile phones of different operators due to affordability. Since people move from place to place for their lively hood, to obtain the mobile phone submitting their details, which may not be verified for authenticity, this may be used for unlawful and criminal activities. It is necessary to create a unified central communication authority integrating all mobile operators database; to monitor the communication in the country, as such central communication-monitoring authority (CCMA) should be constituted. CCMA will be the hub of all the phone service providers, integrating all the service providers central networks, have centralised database about the details of the individual phone number /s and the payment details. And also verifying the radiation emission standards of the mobile instruments....

URBAN DEVELOPMENT AND MUNICIPAL REFORMS


As we, all are aware due to rapid urbanisation in last few decades more and more people are migrating from rural areas to urban areas for their lively hood. As a result the cities are becoming over crowded, the amenities need to be up graded as per the growth of the population. Also due to excessive population, the cost of living has been raised to the maximum extent, resulting in the development small towns near to the vicinity of the cities and district head quarters of various districts. In order to provide adequate amenities proportionate to the growth of the population in big cities and creating basic amenities in the newly formed/forming towns, the respective municipal administrations have to play a vital role in the development process.

STATUTORY LICENCES DATA AUTHORITY


The central government in order to ensure that all the manufacturers, distributors, retailers, importers in all states ,holds the necessary licences required and obtain renewal on expiry need to constitute an authority at the national level, with state level and district level offices. Central statutory licences data authority (CSLDA) is the hub of all the statutory licence CSLDA has to state level head office and district level regional office. CSLDA will in coordination with all departments like income tax, sales tax, excise, pollution control board, company law board, fire department, energy department for HT/ LT connection/ water department, etc and collect the

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data of all the licences/ permits issued, industry department, there validity period, there expiry , etc, and feed the data industry wise.

RAILWAY REFORMS
Railways are the largest transporters of people, goods in India, to make the function of railways more transparent, some reforms needed in ticketing system for the convenience of the passengers as well as preventing corruption. All the above-suggested reforms are discussed elaborately.

PUBLIC SERVANTS DATA BANK


There should be Central public servants data bank (CPSDB) the data of all Public Servants in Government/ Judiciary / PSU and Semi government employees from peon to the chief secretary, all elected representatives from gram panchyat to parliament. The details of public servants including family members, all their assets details should be in the database.

PRIVATE BUSINESS ENTREPRENEURS DATA BANK


Is very necessary to have a centralised data of all ll details of private sector HR, as such central data bank of all Private business Employers and Employees data bank should be constituted.

REFORMS IN POLICE SECTOR


The police in the country play a key role in providing internal security to the people of the country. Even though they work hard in protecting the people they are being criticised by many people, and it is the fact many people fear to approach police station. In this scenario, there is need to revamp the entire policing system in the country. The state head quarters should have STATE POLICE RECORDS DATA HUB. All states data hubs should be connected to the CENTRAL POLICE RECORDS DATA HUB (CPRDH) , will synchronize the data for identifying the criminals of the interstate. All the police stations should have the jurisdiction to execute the all duties of handling criminal offices of the CRPC, except white-collar and cyber crimes which need specialised policing.

TAXATION REFORMS:
All agriculture income should be brought to tax. All the tax levy and collection agencies like income tax, central excise, customs, service tax etc. should have the database of their respective taxpayers state wise and synchronize the data of all the states by the respective tax collection agencies.
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DETAILED DESCRIPTION:
FINANCIAL SECTOR REFORMS
Since banks are vital for any kind of money transaction, it is very much in need to bring the drastic reforms in the banking sector, the reforms in banking sector along with with monitoring by the taxation authorities will certainly un earthen the black money holders, control the generation and circulation of black money and keeping the corruption under control. All the banks and financial institutions in the country need to be under a common authority, which is a hub of data bank of all the transactions related to banking in the country. To make this a CBA has to constituted, all banks and financial institutions need to operate under this authority. To achieve these banking reforms, all banks and financial institutions, should fully computerised, in the guidelines/ same format of CBA. Followed by this is to create a central banking hub by integrating the entire Core banking systems of all the banks to generate and synchronise the data of all the transactions in a standard data Performa, to identify the black money by identifying the benami/ fatuous transactions / operations and put control of the money flow under straight vigilance. Then creation of central banking vigilance authority (CBVA)comprising representatives from banks director level, one director being the computer operation head, DG investigation from income tax, DG level officer from ED, DG level officer from customs, DG level officer from Central Excise, one director level from reserve bank, one DG level officer from company law board, one judicial official. To monitor the data and send the info to the concerned department for further processing. Especially for identifying the black money and brought to tax. The CBA will have the standard format to be operated by all the banks operating in India, and Indian banks operating in abroad, which ensures that implemented in all banks and all branches is uniform and data synchronisation is automatic, as they will be connected to the central banking authority hub for the operation of the account. The CBA will ensure that all the banks will re-register the already existing account in the new format of CBA which is mandatory for operating the bank account, to ensure that all the existing account holders re-register, CBA makes it mandatory that the banks to freeze the account operation after the expiry of due date for re-registration automatically. All the re-registered/ new registration of accounts in the new format will automatically register in the CBA hub data bank.
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The details for individual saving accounts operating at present, to be reregistered by submitting the pan card issued by the income tax authority, the voter id card/ passport for the address proof, phone no, fresh / latest signatures, thumb, hand impression (bio metric) for authenticity (for the operation of the bank card). The mobile phone number, e-mail id provided by the account holder will receive the message soon after the transaction happens, which will provide safety, as the account holder has track of the account operations. In case, the account holder do not possess pan card, should advised to fill the form at the bank itself, supported by rental agreement/ ration card, electricity bill/ phone bill/certificate from any gazetted officer, which will be forward to income tax authority to get the pan card no, election commission authority in case of the voter ID card. It should be made mandatory that the proposals send by bank authorities for their account holders will processed and the cards will be delivered within 15 days, and intimating to the concerned individual as well as the bank. All individual saving/ current account (proprietary) be issued electronic bankcard, all bankcard transactions are biometric approval is necessary to complete the transaction, which ensures the transaction is authentic. All the current account holders to get re-register and to operate the account by submitting partners list, their individual bank account details, the pan card no of the current account holder, the sales tax no, the excise no etc. No account will be registered in the new format without them without pan card, sales tax licence / excise licence, failure to submit the details and reregister the accounts should temporarily suspended to operate , to ensure that the account holder will obtain the same. Banks has to verify the voter id/ pan card details online from the websites of the election commission and the income tax authorities for authenticity of the card. The central banking authority hub (CBA) process data of all the banks according to pan no wise, name wise, voter ID card no wise, authenticating through the fingerprint in case of savings account, create category wise data accordingly.(this will certainly help in controlling legalised black money transaction by preventing the benami / fictitious accounts/ transactions which are unaccounted, tax evaded) CBA will forward the processed data details to CBVA to monitor the transactions in their respective angel, income tax, Central Excise, Customs etc for further process at their end. CBA should be the only authorised authority to freeze accounts of any individual / organisation on the request of any government/ taxation authority.

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CBA system ensures, all account holders to re-renew the account within stipulated period by submit the pan / voter id and, failure to do so; the withdrawal transactions are freezed up to 6 months. Beyond this the account will be barred from operation up to 2 years, failure to re-renew leads to close the account ,the balance money in the account will be credited to the government account treating the account illegitimate/unclaimed account. CBA guidelines should allow individuals to hold savings accounts in any number of banks. Only CBA has the data of all bank accounts of the individual. CBA approve the issue of loans for the individuals from banks with certain guidelines, the maximum loan amount should be limited 2 times annual income of the individual, only housing loan will be 60 months salary / 5 times annual income, with maximum recovery amount not exceeding 50 % of the income per month, to ensure the individuals livelihood will not effect. All the banks / financial institutions providing the loans for the individuals for the consumer goods/ vehicle/ education/ housing need to get the approval from the CBA, by providing the details of the loan seeker. CBA processes database, to ascertain available total credit limit, capacity to repay to all bank loan/s automatically provide, available credit limit, recovery time limit (keeping in view of its guidelines), base on this the bank will provide loan to the individual. CBA approve the issue of credit card for the individuals from banks with certain guidelines, credit limit, and issue credit card. The credit limit less than 50% of the annual income, in addition, maximum 3 banks can issue credit card, all 3 credit cards , in case one bankcard and avails 100 % of the credit limit then the other 2 cards will be automatically decline to operate as the banks are inter connected to CBA network). This will ensure that burden of re payment on the individual will be reduced to maximum extent. As a result, no individual will look for corrupt practice/ earn money illegitimate way to repay loans availed. For already existing loans with more than 50 % recovery of the monthly income, the CBA will automatically adjust the loan prapotitenately to banks/ different loan to ensure 50 % recover criteria, and all fresh loan approvals subject to this principle. All individual (credit card, consumer loan, housing loan) bank loan payments must be received/recovered by auto debit from the account of the individual, or through cheque payment. The biggest advantage of CBA is it enables the processing of any bank cheque, of any branch, anywhere in India, online, instantly, as details of the issuer of cheque are with CBA, This will encourage the use of cheques for all the transactions.
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All the demand draft above Rs 1000 from any bank should issued by the account payee cheque/ bankcard only. This will eliminate black money transaction. The government must make it mandatory all the companies/ firms/ proprietary / trusts/ NGO or any establishment/ current account to ensure that all the employees of that establishment should have bank account, all salaries above Rs 5000 per month must be paid through the bank transaction only. The salary of the employee will be deposited in the account of the individual on request/ approval of the employer from the current account of the employer. This will ensure that black money use for salaries The government must make it compulsory, all salary category income tax payable by the individual should be automatically deducted from the salary account every month and credited in the income tax account department with the individuals pan card number, deducting in last 3 months of the financial year, as is usual practice, will be a great burden on the individual. The government must make it mandatory, all the payments to the government / semi government (property registration fee, municipal tax, water tax, sales tax, P.F , ESI, income tax, excise duty, power, other taxes) has to be paid through bank cheque / card online only and the cash payments need to be barred. For this it should be made that an online bankcard reader machine should be supplied to the establishment by the bank where it operates the account, (municipal, electricity, etc) The government must make it mandatory, all the telephone/ internet/ electricity bills above 1,000 rs are to be made through the bank cheque /card only, this will enable all salaried employees will pay the individual bills from the salary income earned in that month. (For all phone in the individual employee name, auto debit must be mandatory.) Government should make it mandatory, for the purpose of taxation all rental income paid & received on either party should be trough the bank only. The government must ensure, all the beneficiaries of the government schemes will get payments through bank transaction only, the banks has to open account for all the individual, the beneficiaries of scholarship, pensions, MNREGA payments, etc without any minimum balance and without account opening fee, but all the remaining procedure to be followed as in normal bank account opening. The government must ensure all the farmers must possess bank account by making it mandatory that sale of the seeds, fertilizer; pesticides must be through the bank cheque/ card. All the cash deposits/investment from Indian individual /institutions above Rs 50,000 up to Rs 1 lakh are accepted with pan no of the depositor (which will be verified by CBA for authenticity), above Rs 1 lakh deposits require

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clearance from the income tax authorities. As all payments are cheque transactions. In case of the foreign investments clearance from the RBI, ED and income tax from the foreign bank where the money is going to transfer, to ensure that the money coming to India is not slush money, all authorities approval mandatory for the investment. The government must make it mandatory that all the individual / current account holders to make all the transactions above rupees 20,000 /mandatorily through the bank account cheque/ bankcard. All the banks should accept the collateral security having CPRA No (central property registration authority), for providing loan, all banks must access CPRA for confirmation of the authenticity of the document. All banks must ensure that all the existing mortgaged / hypothecate property documents need to re-register with CPRA, which are re-registered by CPRA without any registration fee after conducting the re survey of the property, also re-mortgaged without any mortgage fee. For all legal purposes, the CPRA registered document is mandatory. The collateral property found illegal (being government/assigned, already in mort gauged cannot be re-registered / re-mortgaged to the bank as the CPRA system will not), a criminal case to be registered, CBA to freeze the account operation, recovery proceedings will be initiated, the account holder/s will be blacklisted through CBA from obtaining any loan in future (savings/ current) All the banks must mandatorily issue loans against the jewellery, having CBTA certification only, before issuing loan bank has to obtain online clearance from CBTA for authenticity. All the banks are authorised to issue CBTA certification for a limited period, as directed by CBTA, during this period the banks can issue CBTA certification for already existing mortgaged jewellery in bank, in addition during this authorised period of CBTA can provide registration certification at nominal fee for all private individuals. (Government must come with voluntary disclosure scheme (VDS) of jewellery, to allow registration at CBTA for certification to unaccounted jewellery) All banks should provide loan for used vehicle having the CVRA certification, on obtaining the confirmation certification from central vehicle registration authority (CVRA), for authenticity of the owner; vehicle is not theft vehicle, not hypothecated elsewhere. Specific id number is provided to all banks for accessing the vehicle data through CVRA. All banks with the existing vehicle loans, should insist the vehicle owners to get re-register the vehicle at CVRA to obtain electronic vehicle registration card (EVRC) and also re-register the driving licence to obtain electronic

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driving licence card (EDLC), re hypothecate vehicle(with no registration fee) at CVRA local registration offices. All banks to seize the vehicle for failure to pay instalments, any fraud found, the banks can issue seizer request notice to the central vehicle registration authority (CVRA), CVRA will keep such requests in the central petro fuel administration authority (CPFAN), and central toll tax administration authority (CTTAA) to locate the vehicle for seizer. Banks should obtain details of check leaflets issued, when the customer applies for further cheque leaflets, without getting the details of unused cheque leaflets (not reflected in the account statement of the individual), the banks should not issue new cheque leaflets (in case of leaflets are lost, should mandatory to register FIR) This will prevent circulation of illegal / black transactions as most private loans are against cheque leaflet, soon after repayment will destroy the cheque leaflet. To register cheque bounce cases, it is pre requisite for the police to obtain the bank certificate supported by mutual bank entries of the complainer in case of individual. All private loans should be registered at the registration authority (PRA) of CPRA, in CBA system all private loans on unregistered stamp paper agreements are not valid for any claims, all private loan payments and receipts are through cheque only, can be registered, and are valid for the purpose of recovery/ police case in the case of non payment. All the private loans should be registered by simple agreement with the content, the name address, pan no, voter id no, with the loan amount, interest per annum, repayment period, post dated cheques if any, and witness details with voter id no of the witness, for the registration. In case on the expiry of the date of agreement loan is pending, on mutual agreement can extend the agreement period the existing registered agreement at CPRA, or else the loan provider has the right to approach legally for a period of 12 months from the date of expiry. After this period, the legal right to recovery will not exist. All private loans registered at PRA, only will be eligible for the recovery and police case. In case the cheque failed party agrees to attach the bank account for the recovery of the cheque failed money, then arrest/ judicial proceeding can be avoided , which saves lot of precious time of judiciary and police. This power should be with CBA, existing private loans, bank transactions (counter entry) only eligible for simple registration. Only government-authorised establishments should be eligible for issuing loans against jewellery mortgage. All private loans by mortgage of jewellery should be strictly prohibited. In case of violation, should have rigorous

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punishments. This will help BPL/ middle class people paying heavy interest charged by the private jewellery money-laundering persons. All existing private money laundering, by mortgage of jewellery, should deposit in the bank by the private, by providing list of the loan receivers and the loan amount, existing loan receivers on the payment of loan taken at the time of mort gauge to the bank to receive back their jewellery.(this should have the time limit set by CBTA) People availed loan by mortgaging the jewellery with private pawn brokers, possessing any written slip / paper establishing mortgage, can approach the police/ mandal revenue officer to register criminal case for non return of jewellery, for the return of the jewellery by paying the loan amount received at the time of mortgage. It should mandatory that un-authorised private jewellery money laundering as non bail able criminal office. CBA should make the ATM withdrawal limit to 5,000 Rs per day maximum and 50,000 per month maximum to encourage the bank cheque/card for the transactions for more transparency. All the bankcard transaction machines should be biometric operated/ personal pin operated for issue of the bill to avoid the misuse of the card.All bank transactions, soon after the completion of transaction will be sent to mobile by SMS, also the e-mail id provided.

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CENTRAL BULLION TRADE AUTHORITY In the present global financial situation, people investing in jewellery largely. It is very much possible that mostly black money being invested in gold; In order to eliminate the black money investment in jewellery it is necessary to have a monitoring authority for the bullion trade, by establishing Central bullion trade authority (CBTA) CBTA will issue licences to all involved in manufacturers/ importers, the sellers, retailers. bullion trade, from the

CBTA will act as data bank of all the jewellery trade in India; operations are very online (through electronic machine at all the traders) on the similar lines of regular bank transaction. It is mandatory that all existing jewellery manufacturers / importers, the raw material suppliers sellers, retailers have to register with the CBTA to obtain the registration no to continue the trade. CBTA issues licence on obtaining from licence seekers the details of the company/ firm / proprietor, bank ac details, pan no, of the organisation, and pan no , voter id of the individual directors/ partners their bank ac details, source of raw material, the present stock in possession substantiated by the stock books and income tax returns Similarly for the retailers and obtain the licence no., on recording the details on the central data hub of CBTA, will issue the licence to trade. CBTA will provide to all manufacturers, retailers online electronic swiping machine connecting to CBTA central data network operating in the lines of bank credit card machine, which enables CBTA to approve all transactions, records the transactions online, when trade occurs at supplies to retailers, sale at retailers. This enables CBTA to have stock position of the jewellery trading in the country at all times as all transactions. CBTA makes it mandatory that all the retailers selling the jewellery should make the sale through CBTA machine only the sale bill should have the name of the purchaser, the quantity, quality, making charges, item description. All retail sales above Rs 10,000 should be through the bankcard only. For all cash transactions the pan card no / voter ID card no data, along with the biometric finger print is necessary in CBTA machine to complete the sale transaction. This will enable that as soon as the purchase transaction is complete the details of the stock at the retailer, and the details of the purchaser is recorded in the CBTA
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The CBTA will process the information, pan card, voter ID card wise, will automatically forward to the central income tax data hub. All the jewellery sellers barred from operating the mortgage money laundering system. Only banks and financial institutions are authorised for the jewellery mortgage money laundering, it should be mandatory that all banks and financial institutions to register with CBTA. All private jewellery mortgage money laundering should be barred, and it should be a criminal office, non-bail able with rigorous imprisonment for violation, this will help all the BPL / middle class people, from the tourcher of paying higher interest for the private money laundering by jewellery mortgage. All existing jewellery holders need to get the CBTA certification by submitting simple details like pan no, voter id card no, finger print of the jewellery holder , which will enable the authenticity The jewellery declared in the income tax returned has to quote the CBTA no as mandatory for the purpose of income tax All the individual tax payers (already declared jeweller and assessed earlier) has to obtain the CBTA certification for the jewellery declared, the CBTA certification can be obtained from any bank, and resubmit the CBTA certification no for the jewellery declared. Government should announce voluntary disclosure scheme (VDS) for a limited period, to give an opportunity for the individuals to declare un accounted jewellery. In case of income tax raid, the jewellery without CBTA certification should be considered as black money/ un accounted money and should levy 300% penalty of the value of the jewellery. All other individuals other than taxpayers are necessary to get the CBTA certification. Government should make law that only the jewellery with the CBTA certification will be entertained in case of theft to register the police case. To get any loan from the bank against mortgage loan the jewellery certification CBTA is mandatory. All bullion certifications should be issued online, at the bank counter / jeweller shops.

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CENTRAL BEVERAGES TRADE MONITORING AUTHORITY Government to monitor and regulate alcoholic beverages trade in India, to bring manufactures/ retailers of alcoholic beverages thought the country under one central authority and monitoring the sale online real time. For this CBTMA be constituted CBTMA will issue licences to all the manufacturers / retailers, will re issue the licences for the existing manufacturers/ retailers. All the manufacturers are necessary to obtain a unique bar code id from the CBTMA to label on each bottle manufactured; all retailers provided online swipe machines / bar code readers to record the sales. CBTMA will be the data hub of all the beverage trade in India, as CBTMA electronic data machine being online ,enables all sale transaction recorded at the CBTMA, the bar coding for each bottle will get the details of the purchaser, details of the retailer, details of the manufacturer. CBTMA provides to all the beverage manufacturers separate id no. On obtaining details of the company like the details of the partners, the statutory licences from the excise, and other government authorities, the sales tax no, the pan no,, the source of raw materials, the water consumption, the pollution control measures etc CBTMA ensures to allot liquor retail shops through lottery system; the auction allotment system should be banned. This is very necessarily reduce the malpractices by the retailers , as in case of auction bidding ,they are under the pressure to sell more, to recover the auctioned amount paid to the government, through sale in the auctioning system, CBTMA should make it mandatory that no liquor sale will be allowed within 200 mt. from the school/ hospital / temple and within 2000 mt. from the factory zone, on the national / state high ways (within 1000 mt. on either side of the road), under any circumstances In the lottery system, bank guarantee for the stock, 3 months averages sales turnover (this can be determined by CBTMA with the previous sales in that area) as deposit should be obtained before registration with CBTMA. In CBTMA, all sale above Rs 1000/- are through bank transactions, which should be credited automatically in government account from CBTMA. All cash transactions need to deposit on the beginning of the week by the retailers in the CBTMA account. Failure to deposit the money, CBTMA will freeze retail sale by disabling the online CBTMA electronic data machine of that retailer online automatically, this system makes no room for any mal practices at any level, heavy penalty to couple with heavy penalty, to ensure that all the retailers will deposit money. All sales require either bank, voter id, pan card , to complete the sale, retailer enter the voter id no, name, in the electronic swipe machine, reads
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the barcode on the bottle, along with the thumb impression, to obtain bill from the CBTMA machine to complete the sale transaction. This will ensure that all bottles are excise duty paid as the barcode no are issued by the CBTMA to the manufacturer, no scope for adulteration / spurious liquor sale will occur. CBTMA must make mandatory, all beverages above Rs 1000/- must be sold through the bankcard, all individuals should be restricted to buy maximum 5 bottles or 2000 ml per month. This will be possible as all sale transactions require either bankcard, voter ID card/ pan card no, CBTMA has the data of all previous sale, CBTMA will automatically decline to approve the sale, by declining to provide sale bill at the electronic data machine of the retailer. CBTMA system will ensure that all sales of beverages for above 18 years, permitted legally. In CBTMA system, all the cash sales need, the name of the purchaser as in the pan card/ voter card no, along with thumb impression of the purchaser mandatory for the completion of the sale of the transaction. The manufacturing capacity, manufactured, distributed stock the sold stock should match at the end of every day in CBTMA CBTMA have data of manufacturer unique id, product unique id, bar coding / unique id of each bottle, date of manufacture, excise permission no. for production, the excise permission no. for sale. In the process of sale being online each time the bottle sold, the bar code should reader for the details and feed the name and voter ID card no, of the purchaser to issue the bill to the purchased product. Through this the sale of the spurious liquor can be eliminated to the maximum and the details of the expenditure is noted to the tax authorities both the sellers and the customers. Foreign liquor purchased through duty free shop, should be regulated by imposing stringent punishment, in case of found with other than the purchaser, in case of government servant the punishment will be suspension, the concerned custom official involved, should be suspended with rigorous imprisonment. CBTMA to collect 1 % of turnover from manufacturers to provide fund for the creation of infra structure for the Central vehicle registration authority (CVRA),for establishment of check posts on all the national and state high ways for checking the drunk and driving.(National high way authority and state highway authority to provide the required land for this) These breathe analyser check points should be made for every 100 km in case of national high ways and 50 km in case of state high ways, also all the

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police patrolling vehicles should be provided with the equipment drunk and driving.

to check

If case of failure in the breathe analyser test having alcohol beyond permissible limit, the vehicle should be temporarily seized, and the driver will be booked for drunk and driving, and fine imposed should be minimum Rs 5000/-. Breath analyser system, should be computerised, it will be activated by swiping driving licence card, this enables the data to be up loaded to (CVRA), fine Chelan will be automatically issued, issued challan can be paid within 30 days from the date of receipt, If the fine is not paid within 30 days the driving licence will be temporarily suspended. Automatically by CVRA In case of 3 drunk & driving cases, driving licence should be suspended for 3 months, further case, the licence be suspended for one year, beyond this the driving licence should be suspended for 3 years.

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LAND AND PROPERTY REGISTRATION REFORMS


Land and property plays vital role in the development of the country, based on the progress in development activities in the country land and buildings value is increasing, attracting more investment in this area. It an open secret, in all land transactions, black money plays substantial role. In addition, lot of properties are in the benami names. Most of the benami properties are acquired through black money. It is also fact that in majority of benami land holders (names appearing in document) financials as per taxation will not support to acquire the property. In some cases the benami property holders dose not even know that the property exists in their name. Many individuals have properties in different parts of the country not declared in the taxation authority. To control the investment of black money (un accounted money) in property transactions, bring all the property related transactions under the tax net, also to control the corruption, as corruption money mostly invested in property, there should a Central property registration authority (CPRA) established at the national level., in coordination with the state governments. As properties being acquired by different parts of people in different parts country CENTRAL PROPERTY REGISTRATION AUTHORITY (CPRA) The Central property registration authority will a unified hub of the data of registrations thought the country by connecting all the state registration offices online real time. CPRA to begin operations, it is mandatory that government should ensure that all the state registration offices are computerised, and connected to the central property registration authority (CPRA) CPRA will issue separate Identification number for each registration authority in states After all registration offices computerised in all states, be integrated to CPRA hub; all the property registrations are made through the approval of CPRA. All the existing properties registered until CPRA, should be re-registered, without any re-registration fees, re- registration is mandatory to authenticate the owner of property for all purposes. CPRA should fix period for reregistration to ensure that all properties are re-registered. All the registrations/ re registrations in CPRA system will be after survey by the government authorities/ government approved surveyors. All the state should provide training to the educated un-employed youth to become a surveyor of land and buildings,
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In CPRA system, all property registration / re-registration should be made by bio metric system by capturing the thumb impression, palm impression, in addition pan card, voter ID card and bank details of both seller & buyer are mandatory for registration/ re-registration. CPRA system will not permit to register without the above details as CPRA system automatically verifies the authenticity of the pan / voter id, by online checking from income tax, election commission web sites. The registration authority online submit details of the property to be registered in the slandered format of CPRA. To register in CPRA system requires details of the property like the survey no, the extent of property, the boundaries, date of the resurvey conducted, property description private/ government/ assigned, land use conversion permission no (for agriculture land to commercial, etc), building permission no etc, whether the property is under dispute in court/ attached by any government authorities, name of the seller / buyer, their pan no. /voter id no, bank account no. of both parties. In addition , value of the property as in the document at the year of purchase by the seller, the present value of the property, all the details of cheque payment (property value, intermediatory fees if any) registration fee, the details of the witness from both sides. CPRA system all monitory transactions are through bank only (the registration fee, the sale amount from buyer, the fee for property dealers) CPRA will provide confirmation the registration authority will proceed for registration for all clear cases. All properties in litigation, properties attached by government, all assigned lands, properties without the land use conversion certification, buildings without the construction permission, are not eligible for registration / reregistration in CPRA system, unless the property is cleared from the dispute and the directions from the concerned authorities to lift the attachment, unless obtains the land use conversion, building construction permission. All building / constructed properties to register in CPRA system need to submit the value of the structure, the value of the land, value of all amenities (if any created/ provided) in the total value of the property at the time of registration (to avoid any abnormal valuation in the property transaction. In case of abnormal, the registration authority has to refer it to government approved valour. This measure will certainly ensure that all investment in construction is transparent. In the property transaction all intermediately fees for property dealers should be paid by cheque, seller/ buyer need to fill the form with the details of the intermaditory name, pan card no, voter id no, bank account no along with the cheque for the intermediary payment, and the signature of the intermediately .

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While making the registration the buyer as well as the seller need to submit the witness details in the prescribed profarma duly signed by the witness, with the witness name, address, the pan card no, voter id no, contact no, All successful registrations will automatically up loaded to the CPRA. CPRA will provide time limit for all existing properties to be re-registered (2 years time ideal). on expiry of time limit for re-register the property should be in the custody of the government, can be re-registered with the penalty equivalent to the registration fee on the date of re-registration within 3 years of expiry of last date for re-registration, after this the property should become government property. This will ensure all properties are re-registered. All the properties of the individuals / commercial establishments / companies / government etc should have separate code and different registration fees structures. CPRA system should forward the details of all the faults found during the, re survey, to the concerned authorities for initiating appropriate action All the properties on rent both residential as well as commercial establishments should be registered with the registration authority. CPRA register rental agreements, pan no details of both parties, the voter id both parties, the bank details are necessary for registering the rental deeds. Rent for fixtures (fixtures rent is restricted to 20% of the property rent) advance amount. The registration authority will verify the ownership, from CPRA data and registers the rental deed. Rental deed registration will be only for properties registered in CPRA. This will encourage people to re-register at the earliest, also discourage from constructing structures in un authorised, dispute/ government/ assigned properties. All private land violations can be regularised provided it is suitable for registration technically and administratively. The government should confiscate all other properties in government / assigned lands by paying minimum compensation for the structure of the building, as per the market rate at the time of construction of the structure; government can hold auction of such properties and registered. All buildings in disputed lands should be registered soon the dispute is cleared. All rental income claims both expenditure and income are allowed, provide the rental registered at CPRA and the payments are mutual entry. , all house rent received / paid in cash should not be considered for the purpose of income / expenditure for the purpose of taxation, should be treated as undisclosed income and should be taxed, this will ensure that all transactions are made legitimately.
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The value of property for registration has to be , registration fees has to be fixed by the state governments after due consultations with different government organisations in the state/ district, international property valuers, to ensure that difference between market value and government value will not be more than 10 %. In case of beyond 20 % variation in the property vale, compared to government value, CPRA will refer to the registered government property valuer to assess the value of the property and fix the price, In case of government allotment, the reasons from the government will be called for and examine and issue the permission for registration. This will ensure that no black money transition happens in case of private as well as government level; also, it ensures that government will not allot the land its aides at abnormal prices, this will also narrow down scope for undue favours, and this will narrow down scope for un accounted money transaction to happen. Govt should constitute special courts to resolve the property disputes, with fixed period for the judgement to ensure speedy progress. All property disputes between government and private party in case of judgement by the special court in the favour of government, to avoid long legal battle, 25 % of the value property as on the date of judgement will be court fees for the private party to approach higher. The government will make it mandatory that all the loans issued by the banks will be with the documents with registration no of CPRA, all loan valuation of the property has to drawn from the CPRA. The government must make it mandatory that all private loans (individual) need to be registered with the registration authority, by providing the details of the person giving loan, name, pan card no, voter id no, bank account no, the cheque details. The details of the borrower, name, pan card no, voter id no, bank account no, period of repayment, interest charging, the details of the guaranteer if any. The government must make it mandatory that no unregistered private loan transactions are valid for legal claims. This will ensure that no black money transition happens. CPRA prepares details, pan no wise voter ID card no. wise income wise, rental income, private loans capital gains, and forwards to the central income tax authority server automatically. This will ensure that all the transactions will be legitimate with almost no room for black money flow.

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HEALTH CARE & PHARMACY SECTOR REFORMS


Government must create a central authority to bring all the healthcare related activities under one roof and monitor the related activities, the Central health authority (CHA) CHA is a data hub of all hospitals, doctors, supporting staff, pharmacy, etc. All the hospitals, nursing homes, need to get registered in the central health authority, and obtain the unique id. While registering has to submit the building details, the ownership, the management, there details, the doctors working/ visiting, the facilities available, the details of equipment, date of purchase, technicians details, etc All the medical colleges/ nursing colleges have to register with the central health authority, and obtain the unique id by submitting the details of the Ownership of the land and buildings, the management, there details, the faculty of doctors working/ visiting, the facilities available, the details if the equipment, there date of purchase, the technicians details, etc All the medical colleges and nursing homes has to provide the details of the pass out candidate to the central health authority mandatory All doctors should register with central health authority (CHA) by providing details of study, there degrees, the registration no, the years of experience, there working (full time/ part time/ visiting/ individual practice, there pan no, there voter id no, there mobile no, there alternative contact details, there bank details,) (only after verifying the candidates pass out / genuinely of the degree will be issued the registration of unique id. All the compounders/ nursing staff also the registered with central health authority with the details of the study, passing year, there working experience, etc there pan no, there voter id no, there mobile no, there alternative contact details, there bank details, only after verifying the candidates pass out / genuinely of the degree will be issued the registration of unique id. All the technicians are to registered with central health authority with the details of the study, passing year, there working experience, etc there pan no, there voter id no, there mobile no, there alternative contact details, there bank details, only after verifying the candidates pass out / genuinely of the degree will be issued the registration of unique id.

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CENTRAL PHARMACY NETWORK AUTHORITY (CPNA) All pharmacy manufactures should be registered central pharmacy network authority (CPNA) which operates as integral part of central health authority (CHA). CPNA is a data hub of all pharmacy production and consumption in india. CFNA provides all pharmacy manufactures a unique id, on obtaining the details of the manufacturing unit, R & D laboratory, building, the clearances from the statutory authorities, the board of directors, the machinery details, there purchase, there production capacity, the consumption of energy per production, the quantity of raw material required for the production of the batch, the output of the product, etc. The pharmacy manufacturer is provided with unique id, and all the products have given unique id with bar coding/ unique id for each strip, with date of manufacture and expiry. All the distributors and retail pharmacy stores should be registered with CPNA by providing the details of the location, the owner details, the qualified technician details there registration no with the central health authority, facilities like ac, refrigerator, freezer etc there make, purchase details, the details of the pharmacy employees, etc All the pharmacy retail sellers have to have the computer electronic card reader supplied by CPNA. All sales are through the CPNA supplied machine. CPNA authorises the sale, all the details of sale throughout the country are with the CPNA. CPNA system makes it mandatory, that all pharmacy retailers have to mention in each bill the name of the doctor with the unique id code, name of the patent with health card / pan no/ voter id card / adhar card any id issued by the government / doctor prescription no. to complete sale. In case of no proof of identity, in emergencies, pharmacy retailers can sell medicine by getting special approval from CHA. To obtain special permission the retailer has to provide name, with the phone no and finger print of the candidate purchased and kept for record in the prescribed standard format supplied by the central health authority to CHA., CHA system will not allow more than 10 % of sale of medicine in this special permission category. CPNA system enables the assessment of stock at all levels, at the retailer, distributor, manufacturer, as each strip is bar coded unique id, and this will automatically deduct the stock from the stock position in the central sever of the CPNA, retailer, distributor, manufacturer, this will ensure that the median is available at all times with pharmacy retailers retailers

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All the government hospitals ,medical stores / dispensaries issuing the medicine freely, has to go through the same process of CPNA , which ensures that standard medicine will be given to the people with the correct quantity, on the prescription of the doctor only, If any the sale of government medicine strips found the punishment should be stringent, with rigorous imprisonment. CPNA system ensures that all median are sold with the doctors prescription, in exceptional emergency cases, the retailer can request online the CPNA to issue permission to sale, (not more than 2 % of the sale allowed in this manner, without the prescription) CPNA system ensures, in case prescribed medicine is not available in the retailer store, it will automatically suggest the alternative medicine of another company, with the same content value, this will eliminate the confusion of the purchaser, also eliminates the black marketing of the medicine in cases of any unusual demand arisen due to any outbreak of epidemics in that area. CPNA has the authority to cancel licences of retailers for any violations/ un authorised sale. Also in case of emergency if the doctors prescription is not available the doctor can sms / e-mail the same to the pharmacy retailer mobile no with the identity of the individual (name, either health card/ voter ID card/ pan card no) to issue the medicine. The central health authority has to have the central pharmacy network with authority CPNA data of the pharmacy products with the unique id for the product as well as the strip unique id given by the authority; this will ensure that the product delivered will be genuine manufacturer, no spurious medicine, manufactured un authorised will be sold. All the pharmacy retailers have to issue medicine to the course written in the prescription, always discourage the loose sale/ par sale; this will ensure that the patent uses the fullcouse of the medicine, leading to cure In addition, all the pharmacy retails will get the medicine withdrawal alert from CPNA system 15 days before the expiry date, CPNA system will not generate bill to the medicine, retailer has to surrender expiry medicine to central expiry medicine collection agency (CEMCA) created by CPNA and obtain the electronic receipt for the surrendered medicine. CEMCA has to destroy the expired medicine Any sale of such expiry strips to any individual should leads to a non bail able offence, with rigorous imprisonment. All the health insurance providers has to be registered with the central health authority with the details of the company, there paid up capital there financial strength etc. All the health insurance agents have to be registered with the central health authority
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All the employees/ workers of the government, semi government, private, are to have ESI card along with the health insurance mandatory for the individual as well as their family and dependents. Government should ensure, all employers both government and private (all current account holders of banks) has to ensure that all its employees should get health insurance card. The employer should deduct 2.5% of the monthly salary, to pay for the health insurance for the employee, In addition, the employer has to contribute equal amount to the 2.5 % of the salary as his contribution to the health insurance, and the entire insurance amount paid will be completely exempted from the income tax CHA ensures all people get the health insurance card, which can be used for the purpose of the medical emergencies. Government and CHA should ensure all the hospital bills above Rs 5,000, are to be paid through the bank/ bankcard. All the employees and their family members and dependents when using the hospital facility has to mandatorily use the health insurance card, all claim of the medical bills. All hospitals and nursing homes should be connected to CHA online; the details of the patents both in patens and out patents are to be up loaded to the CHA. In case of in patents admission, discharge details will be with the CHA system soon the patent get admitted, all the hospitals should obtain the pan/ voter id card of the patents admitted, the pan card/ voter id of the person paying the bill. The bills issued by should clearly indicate, the charges for the x-ray, ECG, etc, the medicine administered, (from the pharmacy retailer), room rent, operation theatre rent, the doctors fees. All the citizens should be encouraged to go for the health insurance. All farmers/ agriculture labour, having the farmer card/ agriculture labour card, should be issued health insurance card, the insurance premium should be paid by levying 2 % health cess in the fertilizer companies and the pesticide companies every year on the turnover to pay the health insurance to the farmer there family members and dependents not exceeding 6 members. All BPL families, MGNREGA beneficiaries should be provided free health card are given free health card to cover all the sections of the society. All the medical equipment suppliers and medical consumable manufacturers as well as distributors are to registered with the central health authority with the details in the similar lines as in the case of any manufacturing unit and obtain unique id.
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All the products of the medical equipment and consumables have the unique id, the batch has the unique id no, and all the purchases and supplies need to reflect the unique id of the supplier as well as the consumer in the respective books. All the sales of registered manufacturers will be in the central health authority data bank. (All sales within India, all exports have to reflected separately) AYUHS and all alternative medicine also should be encouraged, all the AYUSH hospitals/ universities/ collages/ doctors/ nurses manufacturers, retails have to register in the similar manner of the regular English medicine. The health card should apply to the alternative medicine also. All the employees should be provided with, health card for the purpose of the medical reimbursement, the medicines will be purchase against the prescription and the actual bill can be traced from the pharmacy network.It will avoid the mis utilisation of the facility with false claims with bogus bills. The central health authority will provide levy 2.5 % cess of the turnover of all pharmacy companies to provide the in fracture as well as maintaining of the 108 emergency response vehicles / accident relief vehicles in all state and all districts and towns, CHA in coordination with the central vehicle registration authority CVRA, National high way authority, State highway authority, establishment of infrastructure for emergency medical relief centres on the highways, for providing all first aid, immediate medical response to accident patents. The highway emergency relief centres should be established every 100 km on the highways (preferred in villages / towns near to the highway), coordination of 108 vehicles should be integrated to these emergency relief centres. In addition, there a medical ombudsman to be constituted comprises of doctors from all the different departments at state/ national level to look into the grievances of the people regarding the treatment from the hospitals/ doctors, this will certainly reduce those hospitals and individual doctors will not do malpractices and do un necessary medical tests/ operation. In case of serious charges, the punishments should be serious.

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TRANSPORT SECTOR REFORMS


Transport plays a vital role in the development process. It is necessary to coordinating all the registration offices of all states, to have a central database, which indirectly help in controlling the black money by having the control over the movement of the vehicles. As all goods produced whether they sold through tax receipt or not the goods have to move from one place to the other. Apart from this, there will be many more uses In order to achieve the desired purpose, Central vehicle registration authority (CVRA) should be constituted. The CVRA will act as data hub of all the vehicle registrations throughout the country, all the vehicle registration offices (VRO) has a separate id, the CVRA will integrate / interconnect all the VRO In addition, Central toll tax administration authority (CTTAA) should be constituted, synchronising all the state toll collection operations that will operate in the same lines of Bankcard machinery. In addition, Central petro fuel network authority (CPFNA) should be constituted, synchronising all the petrol pumps through the country operating in the same lines of credit card machinery. Also, Central cargo movement monitoring authority (CCMMA) should be constituted for monitoring all the cargo movements throughout the country. Central vehicle registration authority should be interlinked to the central petro fuels network authority as well as central toll tax authority, and also to the central cargo moment authority for achieving the desired results. CVRA will provide the standard format for vehicle registration offices (VRO) in states thought the country, for registration of vehicles, to issue Electronic vehicle registration card (EVRC), Electronic driving licence card (EDLC) through all the vehicle registration offices by submitting the form duly filled and after verifying /testing the required mandatory parameters CVRA will provide the standard format for VRO, for registration of vehicles, to issue electronic vehicle registration card (EVRC). VRO has to obtain the details of vehicle make, date of purchase, engine no, the name of the owner, pan card no, voter id no, contact no, alternative contact no, finger print (biometric) of the owner, vehicle condition / fitness details, pollution certification, insurance for the vehicle, in case of the hypothecation details of hypothecation. All the vehicle registration offices upload the information, to the CVRA system for getting the registration number to issue Vehicle Registration Card (electronic swipe). CVRA will verify the data provided automatically in the system for authenticity of the details provided by processing its own database for the authenticity of the vehicle, also the income tax database for pan number authenticity and the election commission database of voter id authentication for address verification.
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To achieve the desired result, it should be mandatory that all the existing vehicles to obtain electronic vehicle registration card (EVRC) by reregistration at any of the registration authorities throughout the country by providing the required details. CVRA system will ensure that vehicle will not get registered more than one place, will certainly eliminate the theft of vehicles, and also eliminate the duplicate/fictitious fianc claims of the used vehicles through the vehicle financial institutions. EVRC is a swipe card, can be operated in all the other networks, CPFNA, CTTAA EVRC swipe should be made mandatory to obtain fuel in petrol pump, and to pass through the tollgate. This will ensure that no theft vehicle will be running on roads at all. This will almost eliminate the vehicle theft. All new driving licences should be issued in electronic card form; all existing driving licences should be re-renewed for issuing electronic driving licence card (EDLC) in place of the existing driving licences The CVRA will issue the electronic driving licence card through all the vehicle registration offices by submitting the form duly filled and after testing for the driving skills. The details required for issue of electronic driving licence card (EDLC) is voter id card, pan card, blood group, the finger print,(biometric), the contact number of the applicant, the emergency contact number of the family members/relatives of the applicant (the registration number of vehicle in case the applicant of driving licence owns a vehicle), Bank account details For registration of vehicles and driving licence, both pan card as well as voter card is mandatory, the individual dose not posses then he should obtain them by filling the form in their local area. It should be made mandatory that both EVRC and EDLC are necessary to obtain the fuel for the vehicle one the CPFNA is activated. As For getting the fuel (petrol / diesel / gas) both cards need to swipe at the petrol pump, then only the petrol pump will dispense the fuel. This will ensure that driver will carry vehicle registration card as well as the driving licence with him all the time. All the state police should be given id no to access CVRA data for obtaining the details of the vehicle / driver, in case of the accident and inform the patents relatives and the nearest hospital about the blood group and the other details. This will be great use as vehicles from different states moves in different parts of country, it will be difficult to identify in case of accident, to inform to the relatives of the vehicle owner.
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All traffic police provided with electronic data reading machines, to raise the traffic violation, fine bills, by swiping the EVRC and EDLC, the machine will automatically issues the bill based the violation made. The bills can be paid at counters of VRO/traffic police stations, in case the vehicle dose not cooperate with the police, the penalty bills can be raised with special permission from the CVRA , should be sent to the latest personal address as in the EVRC, EDLC. In case of non receipt of payment within a time limit (say one month) the same should be sent to the bank where the individual operates his/her account to credit the amount of fine levied for the traffic violation from to the account of the individual to the traffic department directly. In case, any vehicle met with an accident, it should be made mandatory for the police to register a complaint about the accident vehicle with the CVRA, which will automatically activates the stop fuel issue in CPFNA and also stop movement in CTTAA through this the EVRC and EDLC will get freezed to operate in both CPFNA and the CTTAA throughout the country, it should be mandatory to obtain once again the fitness certification from the registration authority to move on the roads by getting realized from the freezer order CVRA also very useful for tax collection for interstate vehicles, commercial vehicles tax, as it enables the track of vehicle movement, all non tax paid vehicles can be put in the CPFNA, and CTTAA , to stop the fuel and to stop the movement crossing the toll gates. CVRA will certainly eliminate the corruption to the maximum extent in the registration offices. CVRA ensures are vehicles to obtain pollution control certification periodically failure to obtain pollution certification, CVRA automatically activates CPFNA, CTTAA. CVRA should make it mandatory, for the commercial vehicles to obtain fitness certification every 6 months renewed, failure to get CVRA will automatically activate the CPFNA, CTTAA to be barred the vehicle from getting fuel, to seize the vehicle at toll gates, CVRA should make it mandatory, that all commercial vehicles whose value is deprecated to zero in tax book are to scraped (passenger car vehicles can be allowed to convert from commercial to personal use, but such vehicles should get fitness certification renewed every 3 months), CVRA automatically activates the stop notice in the network, In addition, all the toll gate/ check post to provide breathe analysers for controlling the drunk and drive (this proposal at a later stage) CVRA should ensure all the workshops/ authorised service centres of vehicles need to registered for vehicle repair/service centre network of CVRA

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CENTRAL PETROLEUM FUELS NETWORK AUTHORITY The CPFNA is the heart of the operation, which will be useful in many ways as it is the data hub of all information of all the vehicles running in the country, being integrated to CVRA. All petrol pumps in the country are mandatory to operate through the CPFNA, the petrol pump dispensers are modified, to dispense fuel only after getting instruction from the CPFNA, which will issue after recognizing both the identity of the vehicle and the driver. All the petrol pumps are provided with electronic swipe machines connected to CPFNA, to obtain the fuel, it will be mandatory to swipe both EVRC & EDLC, CPFNA system recognizes the vehicle as well as driver through the CVRA database, issues authorisation to the petrol pump to dispense the fuel, all this will happen automatically. All the theft vehicle cases registered in the police station should mandatorily uploaded in the CVRA system by the police through there unique id, CVRA, which automatically is registered in CPFNA and CTTAA. The CPFNA will stop issue of fuel when theft vehicle comes for fuel filling, CVRA automatically gets the data, inform the police about the location of the vehicle, for further action. In addition, this CPFNA system will ensure that all the vehicles will obtain the pollution certification, periodically. All vehicles must obtain the fitness and pollution certification every 6 months, when renewal time nears 15 days before expiry, i.e. the end of 6th month CVRA will automatically sends CPFNA for remainder alert printed on fuel bill. Once the fitness and pollution certification renewed any where in the country, the alert will automatically with drawn, in case failure to get fitness and pollution certification renewal the fuel will not be dispensed as CVRA system will automatically issue stop alert to CPFNA, forcing the owner get the fitness and pollution clearance certification. All the commercial vehicles soon after the deprecation, value of vehicle becoming zero , should be condemned for the use should be scrapped, with some relaxation for passenger cars, and the details kept in the petro network for non issue of the fuel. In case of serious traffic violation that the driving licence should be suspended by the police , the police should inform to the CVRA, it automatically connected to CPFNA and CTTAA, to ensure the suspended driver cannot derive the vehicle for the period of suspension, in case found at CPFNA and/ CTTAA will lead to cancellation of licence with imprisonment.
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All details of CPFNA are available to income tax authorities for the claim of fuel expenses by the income tax payers, All the individuals can go to any petrol pump with the EVRC to obtain the monthly/ annual expenditure spent on the fuel for the particular EVDC through the CPFNA, for all the tax purpose only bills from the CPFNA are to be entertained Also the CPFNA will sent the automatic request for sending the fuel tank for particular petrol pump once the fuel reaches minimum level in the tank, this will ensure that all the time fuel is available All organisations providing the conveyance allowance to the employees should pay the same, on the submission of the CPFNA bill per month; this will eliminate misuse of the conveyance allowance by the employees. All vehicles carrying petroleum products from company godwon to retail outlets should be provided with GPRS system. In addition, the vehicles are kept in the track of CTTAA to ensure that the vehicle is travelling as per the route. In addition, the vehicles carrying petroleum products should be authorised to stop only at locations fixed in the route, determined by the CPFAA (the route survey should be done by the CPFAA and fix locations, all such locations are under surveillance). In case of any emergency, failure of the vehicle the driver need to inform the authorities for help immediately within few minutes, also alternatively, soon online vehicle tracking shows the stoppage of the vehicle for few minutes, the authorities should contact the vehicle driver and also put in CTTAA, for local police help, this will minimise the oil pilferage. In addition, CPFNA should take the help of CHIA to know the situation of road, traffic jams, etc. In addition all the petroleum carrier vehicles need to be fitted with RFID (radio frequency identification device), all petrol pumps with RFID, as well as electronic tank gauging systems, to minimise oil pilferage. In addition, CPFAA should constitute central LPG administration authority network (CLPGAAN) will be helpful for all the household LPG uses. As all the LPG manufacturers are connected to this authority, all gas agencies are to be computerised and interlinked to the CLPGAAN hub, all gas booking can be made online through the internet, by SMS from registered phone no of the individual. The system automatically processes the request and issue the date delivery by return sms/ e-mail, since the regulator of the cylinders are uniform for all the companies, the gas can be delivered from the available dealer of any company. In case of personal booking soon after booking the date of delivery slip generate will be issued to the individual. The stock position can be online to all the LPG producers, enabling them to supply as per demand in the particular area. This will help reducing the wait age for deliver, as well as misuse of cylinders. This will certainly help all the women in the country. In addition, the out of turn issue of gas cylinder on booking at premium price can be made in the lines of railway tatkal service, for the people who are in urgent need. This can earn extra revenue for the companies.
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VEHICLE DEALERS LICENSING AUTHORITY The local vehicle registration office issues the unique id code of CVRA to the all the new vehicle dealers by obtaining the information of the dealership, For all the dealers has to mandatorily obtain online confirmation of CVRA for completing the sale of the vehicle, by submitting online the details of the vehicle, the details of the buyer with pan no, voter is no, bank ac no, the value of the vehicle, the mode of payment (self financed, financed by any bank or financial institution, etc.)all the payments for the vehicles are through the bank only. On obtaining the confirmation no. from CVRA, the sale transaction can be completed. With CVRA no. for new vehicles can be registered at any registration offices in the country. This will certainly eliminate black money transaction as no sale is through the cash, and all the information about the purchaser will be automatically updated in income tax database. All used car dealers has to mandatorily register at the registration authority to get the registration id. By submitting the details of pan no, voter id no, bank account no The local registration office will issue the specific id for the used vehicle dealers, VRO will issue forms with code no, for each dealer, the dealer has to obtain filled coded form prospective sellers with signature on the form for selling the vehicles through the dealer. The duly filled and signed coded form by the vehicle seller, containing the pan no, voter id and pin no of EVRC, vehicle dealer up loads the form in the CVRA to obtain the history of the vehicle, to confirm that the vehicle is not stolen one. The used vehicle dealer will accept the vehicle for sale. All the vehicle details accessed should be presented to the prospective buyer, once buyer intends to buy , the dealer should obtain information in the prescribed format issued by registration office from the buyer, pan no, voter id no, bank account details the amount agreed to pay the bank dd/ cheque. the details of the commission paid to the dealer, Etc , submit to the local VRO, VRO up load the form in the CVRA to get the confirmation no, on obtaining the confirmation no from CVRA registration office will change the vehicle user data and issue new EVRC , the new EVRC details are automatically up loaded to the CVRA data bank. All the vehicles 4 wheeler sales will be through bank only, no cash transaction allowed. All 2 and 3 wheelers above Rs 10,000 need to be through the bank only.

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The vehicle dealers should submit used coded forms to the local registration authority. This will ensure, the dealer can access vehicle data legitimately. In case failure to submit the used coded forms, the remaining unused coded forms will be automatically suspended, (the used forms need to be re entered by the local registration authority to CVRA, as all the coded forms are to be issued by local authority obtained from the CVRA). In addition, issue of new coded forms are barred to that dealer, in addition the vehicle dealers licence also be cancelled (by treating, the dealer accessed the data of that particular vehicle without knowledge of the owner) All the used vehicle dealers should make it mandatory that they have to accept the vehicle for the sale only after getting information online about the vehicle owner details through CVRA. CVRA enables that vehicles can be purchased and sold in any part of the country. All the transaction of sale is through the bank, all the commission should be through the bank only. CENTRAL TOLL TAX ADMINISTRATION AUTHORITY All the interstate transport should be in the control of the central government, to monitor all the vehicles movement a centralised authority to be constituted, central toll tax administration authority (CTTAA) All the checkpoints / tollgates should be computerised, So that all the vehicle movement can be recorded, all toll collection centres will be provided/ equipped with the electronic swiping machines, and the toll tax has to be issued after swiping the EDLC of driver as well EVRC of vehicle. This will ensure authenticity of the driver as well as vehicle. Help in identifying and restricting the movement of vehicle/ driver (want by police, theft, attached, without paying local tax, etc) The CVRA activates the look /stop notice in the CTTAA network, , as the vehicle approaches the CTTAA centre, on identifying the look/stop notice vehicle, it automatically reports to CVRA, CVRA will inform the police automatically about the location of the vehicle for further action. In addition, CTTAA can be used to ensure that all the goods transported are legitimate by connecting it with CCMMA the authority to certify the legitimacy of the movement of goods. This will to the maximum extent eliminate the zero bill trade reduce the black money trade.

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CENTRAL CARGO MOVEMENT MONITORING AUTHORITY. All the movement of goods in the country should be monitored under authority to reduce/ eliminate zero billing trade and black money trade, to achieve this central cargo movement monitoring authority (CCMMA) has to be constituted. All the goods movement from the manufacturers, suppliers is purely against the forms issued by the sales tax and excise authorities. The central government will issue the coded forms all states with different coding for each state, the state sales tax department will issue the same to all the goods manufactures /sellers who are registered with them. The central government will inform the details of the coded forms to the CCMMA to monitor the movement of goods accordingly. All the goods transporters need mandatorily to submit details online in CCMMA about the movement of goods. The details include sales tax and excise no for the seller, the receiver details (sales tax, Pan. No. to ensure that no goods will be allowed to transport without the identity of the receiver confirmed) and the details of the goods, the details of the vehicle intend to carry the goods, the driver details. The CCMMA will in collaboration with CVRA obtain online the authenticity of the vehicle, the fitness of the vehicle, the drivers history whether the driver / vehicle licence is under suspension, provides the online bar coded approval permit of the vehicle to carry the goods, to be printed and to be carried by the goods carrier, which is mandatory to be swiped / read at each toll booth to cross toll gate, without which vehicle will be seized. It will ensure, that the vehicle intends to carry goods is fit, the driver can derive safely, also ensures no movement of goods without the sale bill, confirming through the coded no of the sales tax from issued by the state sales tax dept, also ensures the destination of the goods, which will ensure to a maximum extent that all the goods manufactured are sold by paying tax. All CCMMA will be integrated with CTTAA to monitor the movement of goods, as CTTAA will ensure that all commercial vehicles will get permission to cross tollgate on producing/ authenticating the bar coded permit. In case, the goods transported by rail, the excise/ sales tax bill have to be submitted to the rail transport authority, The rail transport is connected to the central cargo transport authority, will up load the info, obtain the permission no and then only can be allowed to transport the goods, In the similar lines the shipping as well as air line cargo. From the cargo net, it will be clear for the sales tax/ income tax /excise authorities that goods produced and sold are legitimate. As the cargo transported by the manufacturer to the distributor/ retailers will be coincide

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the tally at the cargo net tally in the monthly returns submitted by them to the sales tax / excise tax and income tax returns At their respective level. The manufactured goods, goods in stock / transit, at the distributor, the stock sold by the retailer and the stock in hand at the retailer will be clearly identified and no room for zero bill sale. All the manufacturers / suppliers when also on real time obtain the details of movement of the goods by accessing the CTTAA. CENTRAL HIGHWAY INFORMATION AUTHORITY (CHIA) Since roads play a vital role in the movement of transport, it will be ideal to create a unified authority to monitor the development of roads at state level and national level. Central highway information authority (CHIA) to be constituted. Authority will have state level offices to gather the information of the roads all the time 24/7 and upload the condition on the roads, like any traffic jams, road blocked due to emergency repair, or any other issues. This authority will have the information about the roads condition of all states 24/7 online. Is available on the website all the time, also this will be connected to CTTAA to network, when the vehicle crosses the border the information about the road condition will be informed on the toll bill. In addition, will be displayed in large screen at all the tollgates. CHIA is also connected to CCMMA, based on the information about the drivers route, as known from the CCMMA , CHIA will send the information about the condition of road by voice message to the driver about the condition of the high way, state/ national. All state road transport, private transport vehicles can register with CHIA to get automatic updates on the traffic condition, also all the other vehicle travellers can get the information by dialling the no of the CHIA., It is necessary that all the state/ national highways to create parking/ rest positions throughout the high way, initially every 100 km , on national , every 50 km in state highway, later can be reduced to every 15 km., the highway authorities should select a land of over 100 acres, to park the vehicles. In addition, rest places and foods courts, vehicle repair workshops/ service centres/ spare part retailers, medical shops, first aid centres, clinics, etc. It should be made mandatory that all the vehicles should stop at a highway hubs for rest, unauthorised stop will lead to heavy penalty. The high way hubs have electronic data machines connected to CHIA; all the vehicles come for rest will be recorded. , since CHIA is inter linked to CCMMA the data of vehicles can be known, the vehicles with more than 8 hours run without rest
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can be informed to the CTTAA to stop the vehicle, for rest, levy penalty, this will certainly reduce the fatigue and stress in the driver , leading to reduced accidents. It should be mandatory all vehicles moving in high ways should be equipped with night driving safety device (drowse detection and alert system) which detects the eye movement through the sensors, alerts the driver in case of drowse, even for 5 sec. This will certainly prevent maximum number of accidents, as it is a fact that over 85% of the accents that are occurring are in the night only. As such all passenger transport vehicles (all buses, mini vans, and taxies), all goods / cargo carriers should mandatorily use the system, later can be extended to all other vehicles travelling on the high ways. In general all the commercial vehicles both passenger (taxies, mini vans, mini buses, buses etc) as well as goods carriers (trolley autos, mini vans, vans, Lorries, trolleys etc) should be fixed with speed governors to limit the maximum speed limit of the vehicles. It should be ideal to fix the speed of at 80 km per hour for light passenger vehicles like cars, jeeps (not carrying more than 10 persons) and 60 km per hour for all commercial and heavy passenger vehicles ( carrying capacity exceeding 10 number of persons).for all commercial vehicles carrying goods , the maximum speed limit should be 60 km per hour. Also it should be mandatory to fix the speed limit zones in the high way and on all other roads with specific indications on the roads about the maximum permissible speed limit on that particular section of the road for all vehicles both commercial as well as non commercial vehicles. It should be mandatory that fixed speed detection/ checking guns/instruments to be installed at regular lengths throughout the highways. With at least 1/3 of the total number of seeped detectors should be mobile and should change the location of the interceptors position, to keep the vehicle drivers alert throughout the journey, in case of any violation should be reported in the CVRA, which will activate the CPFNA and CTTAA suspending the vehicle(EVRC) and the driver(EDLC) to operate. This measure will certainly reduce the accidents to a maximum possible level and saves a lot of human life.

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MANUFACTURING SECTOR REFORMS


As due to financial reforms the manufacturing sector in the country is growing rapidly, in order to ensure economy also grows it is necessary that all the production is taxed, as such to monitor and administer, the manufacturing sector an authority central manufacturers administrative authority(CMAA) should be constituted to bring all the manufacturing relating activities in the country . The CMAA issues the registration no for all the manufacturers, raw material suppliers, also to distributors and retailers, existing as well as new. The manufacturers and raw material suppliers has to register with the authority category wise,(example, cement industry --all the cement producing companies, all the raw material like lime stone supplying company etc in the cement category, likewise electronic, automobile, pharmacy, fertilizer etc ) CMAA issues unique id sector wise, company wise, product wise, and individual piece/ bag wise, the data will be integrated with central cargo movements authority.(CCMMA). The unique id for the production of the month will be up loaded to the CCMMA data base, the will ensure that no goods will move without being taxed, also ensure that each product sold will by retailer will be taxed, have unique id on each product, so that the production as well as the sale is confirmed legally. It will also ensure that depreciation claim will be genuine. CMMA ensures all raw materials supplies are fully taxed. CMMA also ensures gunuinity of the products, especially in the spare parts of machinery and industry is genuine, as will be identified by the unique id, confirmed through the sale bill. The manufactures needs to submit the usage of the raw material, the percentage of waste, the waste disposal, the power usage, the finished product to the manufacturing authority. The CMMA will renew the registration id, every alternative year based on the data provided by the each individual manufacturer, as the manufacturer authority will set standards for the efficiency, eco friendly production. The authority also looks for any over production and under invoice sale/ export with the standards. If any abnormal found, will have the authority to inspect the manufacturing unit to find the realities, renew the id no for the production and sale. The manufacturing authority will keep the data of the total no of workers, skilled/ semi skilled in the manufacturing unit, and whether the no of workers can handle the manufacturing unit, the safety measures/ standards followed, registration with the ESI/ PF authorities etc before issuing/ renewing id no.
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CMAA will issue registration id for the manufacturing unit, on obtaining the details of registration number of company/ firm, land details, the pollution control board and other clearances, income tax pan no, the sales tax registration no, the excise registration no, etc, the details of the building, the permission for the buildings, the details of the machinery, the maker of the machinery with no, the year of purchase, there capacity of production there consumption of energy per shift, the input of the raw material, the output ,quality control measures, the safety standards following, the safety equipment, the workers details with name, voter id card no, pan no, ESI/ PF registration no , the salary paid to the worker, the workers bank account details, The details submitted are legally binding, in case of false declaration / presentation should lead to rigorous imprisonment, of the management of the unit. All the information has to be submitted with the head of the organisation signature, statutory licences no. are mandatory in the issue of the registration no, and getting the unique id. These details are uploaded in CMMA will be subjected to due diligence, by the income tax, PF, ESI authorities. Those who are not registered with any of the statutory authorities cannot get the unique id no, without id no of CMAA, the central cargo movement monitoring authority CCMMA will not provide the bar coded permit for the movement of goods produced, resulting in the manufacturer will obtain the required statutory licences from the concerned departments movements. No supplier can supply raw material without the unique id. As all the purchases are necessary to purchase from the registered suppliers their wise, the manufacturer registration should be suspended. For all the manufacturers it should be mandatory to procure raw material from the unique id supplier only. For obtaining the unique id no, form CMAA, the supplier, has to submit the details of raw martial procurement/ production, there value, the licences from the statutory authorities for the production and supply of the raw material the pan no, the bank account no, the voter id no of all the workers PF / ESI, sales tax, income tax excise etc details need to be provided The supply of the raw materials rate should be at par with the prevailing market rate ex factory/ production centres, transport and fright extra, CMAA will have the authority to call the supplier as well as buyers for any abnormal found in the sale. The central manufacturing authority as well as cargo authority should obtain the storage of the goods information at the distribution centres, the storage capacity, etc

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All the manufacturers, have a separately register all its dealers, distributors, stockists, retails details, with CMAA; this will enable easy identification of the goods movement. All the manufacturers, distributors and retails of the particular product discipline should have online network The sale at the retailer should be immediately reflect at the distributor as well as the manufacturer network of that discipline, and to the income tax data base network of the respective retailer , distributor, and manufacturer. Therefore, the stock potion will be online. The retailer should make the sale through the bank transaction in case of the cash transaction pan no and voter id mandatory for sale in the bill. All goods and commodities above Rs 5,000 need mandatory to sale through bank transaction for products like electronic goods , goods used in the commercial / office establishments , shop floor All sale of textile finished items/ garments must be made through bank for above Rs 2000/- , in case of cash bill the details of pan card/ voter id is mandatory for completion of the transaction. All the importers has to be registered with the authority in their respective discipline, and get unique id no for the importer firm as well as unique id no for each of the products importer.(ex mobile phones, watches, computer laptops, automobiles, machinery etc) All the imported products have to be made it clearance from the custom authorities and the product quantity and no is available to the income tax authorities and to the concerned manufacturer association of the India. The importers have to make the details of the distributors as well as sellers details with the stock position has to be given it the manufacturers association of India of the similar products and the income tax authorities. The same procedure for distribution network will be holds good for the imports also. It should be made mandatory to obtain registration no from CMAA before importing; the registration no should me mandatory for import Clarence. The importers in certain goods cannot sell the goods abnormally cheap that will affect the local production, in such cases duty will be evade regulating the price on the recommendation of the manufacturing association. The customs authorities as well as the importer has to inform the association as well as income tax authorities the price of the goods imported, the customs duty, the sale price, the margin etc.

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All the distributors as well as sellers has to inform the income tax department about the buyers details of the pan/ voter id and bank details on the monthly basis. All the commercial / other than individual tax payers has to submit the online returns on monthly bases ( Along with hard paper copy ) to both sales tax/ manufacturers association of that product line, and income tax / excise authorities, including the manufacturing units, distribution , sales units the monthly production and sales returns strictly to the sales

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AGRICULTURE & FERTILIZER SECTOR REFORMS


To bring all the agricultural related activities throughout the country less than one hub, an authority is necessary, the central agriculture authority (CAA), at the national level with branches in state/ district/ mandals. This authority will issue electronic identification for all the agriculture related activities, to farmers, for the agriculture market federations, farm produce storage godwns, the wholesale purchasers etc. This operates in seed, fertilizer, pesticide networks. In coordination with CAA CAA will provide unique id for all of them category wise, and provide the necessary electronic data machines for the retail suppliers, all farmers are provided with electronic card, which operates at all electronic data reading machines for the retailers of seeds, fertilizers, pesticides. All the farmers should be issued Electronic farmer identity card (EFIC), the farmers electronic data card will have al the details of farmer, name, voter id, the extent of land, the yield per acre the crops they are raising etc. Similarly all storage gowdan are issued unique id on obtaining, the godown details like, the extent of land and building, permission for the construction of the gowdan, type of gowdown open / covered, construction year, capacity of storage, free area for the vehicle parking, accessibility for railway siding, accessibility of the nearest market, etc along with the owner details, pan no, voter id no, the bank ac no), the present stock, type of the stock, period of stock in storage. Details of stockowners. CENTRAL SEED ADMINISTRATION AUTHORITY All the seed related activities can be brought under one authority as such central seed administration authority (CSAA) should be constituted.This authority is integral part of CAA. All the seed developers and seed sellers need to be registered with the CSAA and obtain the unique id for each pack of the seed procured, the retailer should be registered with CSAA, has to make the sale through electronic data machine bill only. CSAA in coordination with the CAA, CMAA, CCMAA for its operations. The seed sale should be mandatorily through the electronic farmer identity card (EFID), to generate sale bill through CSAA system the retailer needs to swipe both EFID and the bar coding on the seed pack, the CSAA system in coordination with CAA authenticates the details of the farmer as well as the seed pack, before the issue of the bill.

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In addition, the farmer who purchased the seed pack can check the authenticity of the seeds by just sending the sms to CAA, the barcode no exhibited on the cover of the pack. By this method, farmers can obtain the compensation from the seed manufacturing and supplying company, in case of the seed fails to give the desired production. CENTRAL FERTILIZERS ADMINISTRATION AUTHORITY All the fertilizer related activities can be brought under one authority as such central fertilizer administration authority (CFAA).This authority is integral part of CAA. All the fertilizer manufactures, distributors, retail sellers are to be registered for getting the unique id no. All the fertilizer produced and packed has unique id for each pack, CAA in coordination with CMAA, CCMMA for monitoring of production and movement. The fertilizer sale should be mandatorily through the electronic farmer identity card (EFID), to generate sale bill through CFAA system the retailer needs to swipe both EFID and the bar coding on the fertilizer pack, the CFAA system in coordination with CAA authenticates the details of the farmer as well as the fertilizer pack, before the issue of the bill. In addition, the farmer who purchased the fertilizer pack can check the authenticity of the fertilizer by sending the sms to the CFAA, the no exhibited on the pack. CENTRAL PESTICIDES ADMINISTRATION AUTHORITY All the pesticides related activities can be brought under one authority as such central pesticides administration authority (CPAA).This authority is integral part of CAA. All the pesticide manufacturers, distributors, retail sellers are to be registered for getting the unique id no. All the pesticide produced and packed has unique id for each pack, CPAA in coordination with CAA, CMAA, CCMMA for monitoring of production and movement. The pesticides sale should be mandatorily through the electronic farmer identity card (EFID), to generate sale bill through CPAA system the retailer needs to swipe both EFID and the bar coding on the pesticides pack, the CPAA system in coordination with CAA authenticates the details of the farmer as well as the pesticides pack, before the issue of the bill.
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In addition, the farmer who purchased the pesticides pack can check the authenticity of the pesticide by sending the sms to the CPAA, the no exhibited on the pack. The CAA system enables all the manufacturers, distributors, retailers unique Ids to generating the stock on real time basis , soon the sale is completed, this ensures that requirement of the stock at a particular place, every time online to the manufacture as well as the agri authority, this will avoid artificial scarcity. In addition, CAA will know the production capacity, available stock of all the manufacturers, will ensure the material from other manufacturers, distributors to reach specific places of scarcity. CAA also enables the manufacturers to produce the material as per the demand of the area of crop raise, details obtained from the EFIC., also based on this data, all the farmers will be educated for better crop yield methods from the seed selection, the use of the fertilizer, the pesticides to be used, the sale of the produce, etc. All the farmers are informed about the market conditions on their mobile as in the EFIC, also the farmers can know by dialling a toll free no., this will enable the farmers to bring the crop to the market. The CAA should fix the minimum support price for the produce. All the farm produce is brought to the market yard for the sale of the product, should get minimum support price for the product brought under any circumstances. All the market yards, federations are register at CAA network, CAA enables the farmers to sell at any of the market federations, any market federation can purchase from any farmers, throughout the India. All the payments to the farm produce sale for above Rs 5,000/-has to be through bank transaction only. All cash payments are against with the receipt and with farm card no. CAA systems allow all farm produce sale through the EFIC, in any market, no procurement without the EFIC, All the agriculture income with individuals having more than 5 acres of cultivation land/ where the income above Rs 1 lack has to be brought under the tax net with minim tax of 5 % agri tax. Up to 5 laks and 10 % tax for Rs 5 laks to Rs 10 lacks and 15 % tax on above Rs 10 laks income. In the case of leased cultivation, the cultivator, (not owner of farmland), the minimum income limit should be Rs 1.5 laks, The average yields of the area per acre and should not be abnormal in any case.

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All the CAA details passed to the income tax data bank. This will control black money flow, as the money from the agriculture is recorded through bank, any income tax payee claiming agriculture income can be examined from the CAA, as the tax payer has to produce the farmer card no/ leased person farmer card no, this will also be authenticated from the central land registration whether the land is cultivatable or barren. Any investment received from individuals cannot be claimed that the money is from the agriculture income. (At present no record for the agriculture income) All the agriculture income should be assed based on the local crop production and the average market price in that season that to be assessed and supplied by the local agriculture market federation. CAA has the details of production, stock in godowan, through this the prices can be in control, with no room for the black market (artificial scarcity) CAA enables to identify the priority areas, for setting up of the food processing industries, according to the production capacity in those particular areas. CAA enables to identify the priority areas for setting up of the godwan and storage facilities based on the production in particular areas. CAA recommend for setting up of infrastructure like railway sliding / transport etc for the food grain supply. CAA provides licences/ unique id for the wholesale sellers/ retail sellers of the agriculture produce. Only the registered whole sellers can procure from the markets the farm produce by providing the unique id of the whole seller, through bank transaction only. All the super markets / malls selling the food products need to registered with the agri authority and, obtain unique id.

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PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM (PDS):


As we all aware that majority of the people in the country are receiving food, grains and other essential commodities at fair price shops in their respective localities through the PDS, It is an open secret in the present set up of PDS the delivery of goods are not as in tended and are not reaching the beneficiaries and are diverted for open market. As such, the PDS system should be made more transparent controlling and reducing the mis appropriation to the very minimal level. As such, the PDS should be centralised, with online network of all the state , district and mandals of the PDS system from stock points to FPS , with details of state wise allocation of grains and material, quality and quantity check details, date of arrival at the distribution points, date of arrival at the FPS should made public. The Centralised PDS system should have a toll free number operating through the country (like 100 for police). All the PDS users can call the toll free no to find out the details of stock at their local area. In addition, the data should be available on the internet, as such those people who cannot use the toll free number can to any post office / mandal office to get the stock position, the arrival date of stock at the FPS, the existing stock at the FPS etc with just 1 rupee payment for the printout of the details and can avail the materials at the nearest FPS accordingly. In addition at all FPS an online centralised electronic data screen displaying the stock position and the next date of arrival of stock ( the data displayed should be from the central PDS data computer automatically on real time) the same data screen boards should be displaced at the village post office as well the mandal revenue office. All the PDS stock points and FPS should be computerised and the stock movement should be made online real time, as such the real time stock position will be available , also this system enables to avail the PDS from any part of the country the PDS uses can avail there quantity of the material. All the PDS users data both the stock position as well as the details of the individual should be uploaded in the computer system of the central PDS network so that the individual PDS users will get exact information about the stock details at the FPS and the quantity entitled and the quantity drawn by the individual ration card holder. Also the most important thing that at all FPS should be provided with biometric finger print readers which are connected to the computer of that FPS. It should be mandatory for the FPS to the distribution of martial through biometric readers, need to obtain the thumb impression on the bio metric finger print reader to issue the stock, in addition, the issue of material should be recorded in the computerised printed formant in the PDS ration book (in the similar lines of bank pass book ) this will certainly eliminate to a maximum extent the mis utilisation of the PDS system

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TRAVEL AND HOSPITALITY SECTOR REFORMS


For a country like India, with many states, with lot of interstate, intercity travel by several cores of people from one place to the other for various purposes, business, tourist, etc. For the convenience and safety of people, the nation having threat from the anti social and terror activities, it will be very much in need to have a controlling and monitoring authority of travel and tourism activities in the country, as such it will be ideal to constitute a central travel and tourism authority (CTTA) CTTA will be the data hub of all the travel, tourism related activities, to enable this, all travel, and tourism related business organisations need to be registered, with the authority to obtain unique id for each organisation sector wise. All the air travel service providers, railway, bus operators (government & private), all other service providers are to be registered with CTTA, all the travel agents should be registered with the travel authority and get specific registration number. The CTTA is the data hub of the traveller information; database gets information soon after the issue of the tkt by any of the service providers. All travel transactions pan no/ voter id no/ passport no, of the traveller is mandatory; the details of the traveller are verified in the respective databank online by CTTA before issuing the tkt. For all third party purchases, pan no. Voter id no of the purchaser is also mandatory to complete the transaction. All foreigner travellers passport no is mandatory to obtain the tkt. The traveller as well as the purchaser details will be in the central data bank, and will be segregated automatically according to the pan no and sent to income tax database server. All the railway travel third AC (air condition) and above should require pan card / voter id for the issue of the ticket. All the Bus AC above Rs 1,000 tkt needed pan card no/ voter id for issue of the tkt. With the phone no and e-mail id necessary. All the bus tkts should be issued through the central computer booking, for all the intercity and interstate buses, phone no of the traveller, alternative contact no is necessary, voter id no. is mandatory for the interstate travel tkt.; the details will automatically up loaded to the transport department of the origin state as well as destination state. All the inter city, interstate transport buses, should possess the GPRS system enabled, real time travel.

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All the operators have specific no and on booking immediately will go to the central server and server segregates the details according to the pan no wise of the individual/ corporate buyer as well as the business account of the operator/ agent and sent it to the income tax server CENTRAL HOTEL & HOSPITALITY AUTHORITY CHHA is the hub of all the hospitality industry in India, with the database of all the hotels, clubs, etc. and a hub of guest details. It is mandatory that all the hotels/ clubs/ resorts/ restaurants/ guest hoses/ service apartments and lodges to be registered in CHHA to obtain the registration no, to access the CHHA network. To obtain registration in CHHA it is necessary to proved the details of the property, the management details, there pan no, there voter id no, there bank account details, details of the details of the building no of rooms/ no of tables in the restaurant, etc, All the hotel and restaurants are connected through online through the CHHA, all the occupancy room billing and the restaurant billing details will be computerised in the standard format in CHHA site online transmitted to issue the bill. All the room providers should, submit to CHHA, the details of guest pan card / voter ID card, passport, and submit the details of the Guests to the CHHA online to obtain the authenticity of the customer. The police can access to the central entertainment regulation authority (CHHA) by specific needs after providing online the details of the guest. All the hotels and restaurants registered should be classified as A B C D E F Class restaurants All the 5 star hotels possessing hotels restaurants should be made as E class, all the 3 star hotels possessing restaurants as D C class, all the liquor serving restaurants are F class All the occupants in the hotel in C D E Class is mandatorily to pay the bills through bank transaction, in case of cash payment the bio metric thumb impression of the candidate has to be taken . In case the restaurant in C D E F, all bills need to be paid through the bankcard, in case of the cash payment the pan card no/voter id no, with the name as in the pan card, with the thumb impression of the customer, necessary to issue the bill, if no pan card at least the voter id card is mandatory for the CHHA to issue the bill. Therefore, it will be ideal to have a prepaid bill in all the restaurants to avoid any inconvenience.

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It should be made clear to the prospective customer that he should carry the bank/ pan / voter id mandatory to have the table in the restaurant, which should be displayed at the entrance and exhibited in the web site of the hotel and restaurant and all the paces of the tour operators. All the beauty parlours/ spas/ health clubs/ lounge bars / coffee shops must be registered at CHHA, to obtain unique id no by providing the details of the facilities no seats there owner ship details, there tariff etc the total no if staff there details pan no. Voter id no, the bank account details. All the clubs/ beauty parlours/ spas/ heath clubs/ lounge bars and coffee shops are provided the CHHA electronic swipe machine machine, to issue the bills online mandatory , all the payments are mandatory by bank transaction else the bill need the pan card no, voter card no and the thumb impression in biometric for the C D E class. The central network is linked to the income tax server.

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CENTRAL CONTRACT MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY


As we all aware that the in fracture sectors is mainly from the government funding, all the jobs being done by the civil, electrical and mechanical contractors. Also since the all contract, works are being awarded either through bidding process or through limited tender or through nomination. It is an open secret that majority of the contracts are being either rigged or through the formation of ring among the contractors. In doing so the contacts are being benefitted even though the minimum amount to execute the contract is much higher than the value of the contract awared to execute the work. In all such cases the contractors and the government officials will compromise on the quality of the materials used, methods used, etc. Result that the life of the project executed is drastically reduced. Very simple example, the road contracts, every one experience every day. , likewise the buildings of the government schools, welfare hostels, etc In order to prevent/ minimize corruption in the contract system a central authority namely CENTRAL CONTRACT MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY (CCMA) to monitor the process of awarding contracts. The CCMA will have the state, district offices. The CCMA has separate wings for the civil contracts, electrical contracts and mechanical contracts. With each CCMA wing having appropriate number of boards to finalise the contracts depending up on the volume of total number of contracts to be awarded at each level. each CCMA wing board has the experts from the respective field, engineers not less than executive engineer rank and professors from the universities in that discipline. Each wing boards should have 5 member, out of which 3 members from the same discipline and one member each from other discipline. Also there should be boards with all 5 members belong to the same field to pure field boards to assess the exclusive field works, i.e pure civil engineering board, pure electrical engineering board etc. The duty of the boards is to provide the final approval for tender document including the approval of the design and technical specification of the contract, monitoring of the bid documents opening both technical and financial bids and also make the viability analysis of the technical and financial bids and finalisation of the technical and financial bid to award the contract. In this process all the concerned government departments need to approach the concerned level CCMA with the proposal of the work, designs and draft tender specifications. On scrutiny of the proposal by the concerned CCMA, will forward there approval with or without changes of the draft proposal as per the standard guidelines following standard specifications, within 7 days ( one week ) will approve/revert the tender document to publish the tender advertisement / for reconsideration by the government department in case of any differences with the government proposal for further. All the bids received will be opened in the presence of the CCMA board and the board will record the views and recommend the contract on the same day, and the contract should be awarded to the bid winner the same day. In this process, all the contract works to be executed in the
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district will be awarded in the district CCMA, and all the government offices floating the tender need to approach the district CCMA for the date and secession( each board in general has two secssions, morning and afternoon ) for opening of the contract bids, all the bidders need to present before the CCMA board. This method will eliminate the all the maladies of awarding the contract as in this process the members of the board is being decided just 15 minutes before the opening of the bids in an computer random to avoid the fixation of board members. All the board members need to record the views on the bids before recommending the award of the contact, and the majority of the board is valid. In addition, there should be a board of each wing of CCMA for emergency contracts. To deal with emergency The classification of the national, state and district CCMA is based on the level the contract awarded, All special class contracts to be award either by central government or state governments, PSU, Autonomous authorities etc should be monitored by national CCMA. Similarly all the A, B class contracts to be awarded by central government or state government or any PSU, semi government must be under the state CCMA similarly all the C, D, E class contracts are to get approval from the district CCMA. The CCMA at all levels has the expert committees These reforms will almost elimination of corruption at the initial i.e from the preparation of tender document to bidding, to approval of the bids and to award the contract. The engineering staff will have to monitor the execution of the work CENTRAL TECHNICAL AND QUALITY ASSESSMENT TRIBUNAL In order to prevent/ minimize corruption in the contract system after the contact is awarded, and during the execution of the work, a central authority namely CENTRAL TECHNICAL AND QUALITY ASSESSMENT TRIBUNAL (CTAQAT) should be constituted with separate wings for civil engineering contracts, electrical engineering contracts and mechanical engineering and an additional wing of quality assessment wing, all wings comprising of technical experts preferably the retired engineers, professors, experts in the field headed by retired judges, with offices at state and district wise, to orbit rate the contract disputes, to assess the quality control, to assess the financial bid, to assess the technical qualification bids viability etc. The role of the quality assessment wing will assess, the quality of the execution of the work, whether the stages of completion of work is as per the scheduled period, whether the specifications are maintain or not every contract by surprise visit and report it to the CCMA. In addition, there should be random quality checks by the next level CCMA. This will completely ensures that all contracts are awarded very judiciously, ensuring the quantity and quality standards are maintained.

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The tribunal has to be given the authority of special courts, and the central tribunal judgements can be challenged only in the Supreme Court. All the C,D, and E Class contracts jurisdiction should lie with district tribunals, all B class and A class contracts are with State tribunal and the all special class contracts are with Central tribunal jurisdiction. With each jurisdiction having appropriate number of benches depending upon the need of the cases. All the disputes should be settled in 90 days. In case of any appeal, they can appeal in the higher tribunals, in order to discourage appeals there should be at least 4 %of the contact value as the fee for appealing in the higher tribunal/ which can be refundable in case of the case is decided in favour of the appealing person, in case the appealing person loose the case, need to forfeit the feed paid to the higher tribunal. The above measures will certainly eliminate the corruption to a maximum extent in the infracture contacts at all levels.

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ENERGY SECTOR REFORMS


Energy is the vital parameter for any activity in the country, especially, the industry and manufacturing sector, agriculture sector, to ensure that proper utilisation of energy, an central authority is essential. As such central energy administration authority (CEAA) should be constituted. CEAA will be the nodal authority, should work in coordination with all the energy developers in the country, all manufacturers in the energy sector, etc. CEAA should be integrated with all the state / regional transmission and distribution companies. All the information /data of the energy users especially the HT connection. CEAA will segregate the information according to the user category, according to the industry / manufacturing unit, service provider, etc CEAA will have the information from the central statutory licences authority (the data hub of all licences in the country, CSLA) about the details of the category wise list, CEAA process the information and find out the utilisation of energy as per the list of CSLA, in case CEAA finds that the energy utiliser is not in the CSLA, will bring it to the notice of CSLA for further action, this will certainly useful in controlling un authorised manufacturing etc, CEAA will pass on the information of energy utilisation of the concerned manufacturing unit to the CMAA to look into the matter and take necessary steps, to access any over production, suggest measures for improvement of energy efficiency. CEAA should make it mandatory that all the energy users in commercial sector will have to go for energy audit certification. The certification will provide the details of all the energy consumption devices in the plant there make the capacity of utilisation per hour, per shift, per day. CEAA will have the information of the utilisation of the energy from each category, CEAA will be integrated to CMAA to look into the aspects of utilisation of energy and manufacturing is efficient way, improvement of energy management suggestions in that particular industry category (by adopting the latest technologies etc), also to look into the production angle correlating the information of energy utilisation and the production , in case of found abnormal, over production , the same will be informed to the respective authorities (sales tax, excise, income tax).This will ensure that all the production is taxed, ensures the no room for zero bills, circulation of black money controlled CEAA will ensure that quality, un interrupted power for all the sectors, CEAA ensures that all the transmission and distribution companies should possess separate department to transformers. The department will have the information of transformers installation, availability of the spare transformer; monitor the health of the transformer, period of change of oils in the transformer, etc, input to the transformer, output to the transformer, etc

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This will ensure that un interrupted power is delivered to the consumer, the data of input/ output will certainly eliminate any un authorised use of energy/pilferage of energy, will reduce the transmission and distribution losses. CEAA should ensure that all DISCOMS in the country would mandatorily adopt to demand side management through distribution loss reduction, by providing Dynamic reactive Compensation (DRC) system at the secondary side of the distribution transformers, which will reduce the demand by 6% to 10% in the distribution system. Being best solution to the voltage variation (under heavy reactive power drawl by the Electricity Board). This will save lot of energy, as wasted energy is being recovered and fed for the transmission. CEAA will ensure that all state electrify authorities will encourage the energy efficiency measures at all levels, the CEAA will ensure that CPWD/ PWD will be informed about the energy efficiency devices ( lighting, ac etc ) as certified by BEE, change the rate structure , make it in the specification list. CEAA should ban manufacture of copper chokes for lighting system. CEAA should ensure that all lighting system in the country uses electronic chokes for tube lights (TL) as well as sodium vapour (SV) and metal halide (MH) lamps, to conserve the energy around 40 % in TL, over 25 % in SV & MH, which attributes a huge saving. Also CEAA should ensure all street lights by state governments, all industrial townships, all private colonies, will switch to electronic chokes for their SV & MH lamps, also adopt automated street light management which can save around 45% of total consumption of energy of street lights (by regulating both voltage and current) as the lighting systems both public and private alone consuming over 20 % of the energy produced in the country CEAA should ensure that all central government/ state government / PSU, semi government, all public and private establishments (airports, railway stations, bus stations, all sea/river ports, all stadiums, all malls, all factorys and all commercial establishments and the display of hoardings and commercial displays at shops should be made mandatory to immediately adopt energy conserving measures) should get energy audited and replace the existing devices with energy efficiency devices (lights/ fans/ coolers/ ac, computers etc)

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COMPANY LAW REFORMS


As the countrys economy is growing due to industrialisation, as such for the conduct of the business lot of companies are incorporated , majority of the companies are in paper existence are mainly utilised for the purpose of black money circulation. To prevent this lot of reforms are needed in the company law, for the formation of the company, the details of the directors pan no, there voter id no, there income tax returns of the directors/ share holders, need to be obtained, soon after the registration the information should reach the CSLA, which further inform the respective authorities for the licences, also the CMAA. All companies must obtain income tax clearance from all the directors and all share holders mandatorily before being part of the company, all the directors, all share holders list name wise, should be sent to income tax depart about the investment of the individual for further processing.. For any investment in the new/ existing for changing the shareholders, loan, the income tax clearance should be made mandatory, confirming the investment coming is tax paid, in case of foreign investment, the same from ED, RBI and other institutions. This will certainly eliminate circulation of un accounted money largely. Also it should be mandatory that all companies should have a fixed % of the turnover of the company (not profit/loss) for the use of corporate social responsibility tax ( CSRT). The percentage should be different for different sectors, the most pollutants sectors should be levied maximum percentage and less or no pollution should be taxed minimum. (even software companies should be levied the CSR tax although there turnover is primarily on the human resources, to get the desired output they run the air conditioners and consume lot of power which are contributing indirectly for the environment pollution)

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EDUCATION SECTOR REFORMS


Since education is the backbone for development of the country, India being the country will large no of educational institutions, it necessary to bring all the education related activates under one central authority useful in many ways. As such central education administration authority (CEAA) has to be constituted CEAA will act as hub for all the information regarding the education. All universities, Colleges, institutions need to be registered in CEAA. CEAA will provide the registration on filing the information with the required formalities, will scrutiny the information, after ascertaining they have the required statutory permissions will issue registration. To register in CEAA all the institutions need to provide information regarding the buildings/ in fracture, the faculty details, with their education qualifications (there degrees, passed from which institution, year of pass, training undergone, any papers submitted, passed in tests conducted by the ugc etc) facilities for drinking water, toilets, health, etc, the municipal permission, police permission, the district/ state educational department permission, etc. All the institutions need to update the information about the change in faculty to CEAA, all institutions are required to send the details of disciplines, sections in the institute, no of students, the fee collecting, salaries paid, etc. All the universities must upload the information about the degree holders to the CEAA network, CEAA will also have to get information from all other institutions, exam qualifiers list from ugc, CEAA will synchronise the data, assess the information from the institutions that fake degree, etc in the teaching faculty, and advice, the concerned to took necessary steps as per law, Also all institutes provide the details of number of students, their name, date of joining, fees paid, date of passing out etc to the CEAA data base, the scope for mal practice is marginalized, as the information of the degree holders is with the CEAA any scope for fake degree/ certificates will be eliminate. All government/ private organisations from any part of India/ world can access the data from the CEAA to ensure that the applicant holds genuine degree.

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COMMUNICATION SECTOR REFORMS


Communication is vital in daily life all the individuals, due to affordability majority of the people in the country will holds a mobile phone, since people move from place to place for their lively hood, has to obtain the phone by submitting their details, which may not be correct, viz the address proof, etc., in most of the cases the mobile phones are used for unlawful and criminal activities, it is necessary to create a unified central communication authority, which will monitor the communication in the country, as such central communication monitoring authority(CCMA) should be constituted. CCMA will be the hub of all the phone service providers, integrating all the service providers central networks, have centralised database about the details of the individual phone no /s and the payment details. CCMA ensures that all the mobile phone service providers it mandatory to obtain the voter ID card and the pan card, Passport, for the address proof, all address proof must be verified the data online with the data bank of voter id cards of election commission, the data bank of pan cards from income tax. of the, failure submit the phones are deactivate, which will enforce all individuals to apply for the voter id, pan card. To have the communication active, In addition this all post paid connections, also need to submit bank account details and all the details to the central phone authority to avoid the benami phones. In addition, this will ensure that all the mobile users are majors (18+ years), in case minors wish to have mobile phone must be 10th standard and above by submitting the passport, bank account (minor), the application for sim card duly signed by parents/ guardians with their contact numbers, ensuring that the mobile phones are used properly. The government must make law to restricting individuals to hold maximum 3 mobile sim cards of their choice operators The authority should mandatorily possess, the detailed record of individual mobile users, name wise, pan no wise and voter ID card wise from all the mobile service providers In case of more than three mobile connections in the individual name/ pan no / voter id card no, then CCMA should withhold the services, in all such cases, should do reverification for authenticity, the individual should be given opportunity to have the choice to choose any three mobile numbers from the presently exists, the choice of operators , if all the numbers found authentic, in cases failed in the re verification are barred to operate with immediate effect. All the phone payment details, segregated pan no wise/ voter ID card wise should be automatically uploaded to central income tax database, all the post paid above Rs 1000/- bill both pre paid and post paid, should be allowed through the bankcard/ cheque only.
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As per the latest statics the total active mobile sim cards are around 62.5 cores in numbers, ( need to ascertain how many individual number of users in the total active sim cards) and also since the number of mobile users are increasing day by day, with the high data transferring mobiles are in operation (3G phones) it is urgent need for the government to ensure the safety of the users by protecting them by ensuring the mobile instruments using by them adhere to the international safety standards as far as the radiation emission from the mobile instruments and the mobile towers in the public areas. As such, it should be mandatory that government should make regulations in such a manner that all the mobile equipment manufacturers/ suppliers to mandatorily make the quality check for the mobile instruments for the permitted radiation limit. In addition, making it mandatory for all the mobile operators to check for permitted radiation frequency, only such mobile instruments only can be operative from them. It can be possible, through mandatory radiation check for that all mobile instruments, which are using their services, at their outlets to get the mobile number actively operative. Without the radiation limit, check certification the instrument should be freezed to operate in any network in India. Which will force all the mobile users to use the mobiles get checked their mobiles for quality standards and will use only standard mobiles in the interest of safety and health of individual. In addition, there should be stringent norms for the installation of mobile towers in public places especially residential zones. There should be audit of the total number of mobile towers in all states, district wise, mandal wise. where the mobile operators are having licence to operate. The data of the cell towers of all the mobile companies should be on the internet for public awareness, with specific mention of location in each Mandal/district in the states specifically mentioning the total frequency of the tower, the exact location point of the tower with address of the location, the limit of the radiation of the tower., the permission details for construction of the tower from the authorities (revenue, municipal, electricity, environment etc) , the statutory fees paying periodically to the authorities should be made public. Also it should advise the public near towers the safety measures need to follow.

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STATUTORY LICENCES DATA AUTHORITY


The central government in order to ensure that all the manufacturers, distributors, retailers, importers ,holds the necessary licences required and obtain renewal on expiry need to constitute an authority at the national level, with state level and district level offices. CSLDA is the hub of all the statutory licence details. CSLDA has to state level head office and district level regional office. CSLDA will in coordination with all departments like income tax, sales tax, excise, pollution control board, company law board, fire department, energy department for HT/ LT connection/ water department, etc and collect the data of all the licences/ permits issued, industry department, there validity period, there expiry , etc, and feed the data industry wise. CSLDA will categorise industries, manufacturers, distributors, retailers, service providers (hospitals, hotels, schools, etc), etc, obtain the details of the respective category wise by the district level officials, also have the information that each category needed to possess the statutory licences. CSLDA will synchronise data, category wise industry wise, all details of the licences, and in case of findings of any shortcomings should bring it to the notice of the concerned authority to look into the matter, ensure that action taken as per law, also up loads the information in the concerned central authority (CMAA etc), to ensure that they will acquire/ obtain that licence. This will certainly eliminate maximum corruption in the manufacturing sector.

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URBAN DEVELOPMENT AND MUNICIPAL REFORMS


As we, all are aware due to rapid urbanisation in last few decades more and more people are migrating from rural areas to urban areas for their lively hood. As a result the cities are becoming over crowded, the amenities need to be up graded as per the growth of the population. Also due to excessive population, the cost of living has been raised to the maximum extent, resulting in the development small towns near to the vicinity of the cities and district head quarters of various districts. In order to provide adequate amenities proportionate to the growth of the population in big cities and creating basic amenities in the newly formed/forming towns, the respective municipal administrations have to play a vital role in the development process. The basic amenities include the drinking water, drainage and sanitation, roads, streetlights, solid waste management etc. As far as the dirking water supply is concerned, the water supply management should be based on SCADA, ensuring the flow of water to the end points smoothly. In addition, prepaid water meters should be installed for all category user, for the individual households, for the commercial establishments the water bill should be collected in advance quarterly. It will be very ideal for the municipalities to have the RO plants and supply water to the individual households through the tankers, in areas where the ground water is saline, fluoride affected areas and in slum areas. As far as the drainage and sanitation is concerned, all the municipalities need to implement proper closed drainage system in the with at least 20 years future expansion of the population in the municipality. The municipal authorities should ensure that all the households has the sanitation system. In the slum areas and hut mate places public convenience facilities should be created adequately, which can handle the population of that slum. The maintenance of the public conveniences is given to NGOs like sulabh, etc for daily maintenance. In addition, most importantly the public conveniences should be constructed at all the important public places. As far as the roads are concerned, all the municipalities need to have a planning for at least next 20 years, so that the roads can take the density of the road traffic even after 20 years of laying the roads; Also most importantly the municipality need to have the coordination with other government departments, to prevent damage to the already laid roads time and again, lost to exchequer. All the roads should have the provision for future expansion, greenery. All the roads should be designed in coordination with state road transport to keep depression for the roads at the places for bus stops to prevent the traffic bottlenecks. As far as the solid waste management is concerned, the municipalities need to have the dumping yards in the barren lands even though they are far away from the cities/ towns in the un cultivated barren lands. All the municipalities should have their own or on PPP mode power generation units from the solid
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waste, in addition, need to install the vermin compost generation units, particularly the municipalities near the rural village. As far as the street lights are concerned, all municipalities, need to adopt energy conservation measures, by implementing the street light management to association, with CEAA of the ministry of the power. In addition, all municipalities should encourage the greenery, by encouraging with incentives for the Terries gardening in all the houses in the vicinity of the municipalities.

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RAILWAY REFORMS
As we all are aware that railway are the largest transport, goods carrier in India, to make the function of railways more transparent some reforms are neceaasry. The entire diesel locos should adopt RFID based system, coupled with tank gauging system, at fuel delivery stations as well at diesel locos, which will provide the accurate fuel issue etc; this will eliminate the fuel pilferage. All the passenger tickets should be issued on obtain the any of the id proof, either voter ID card, pan card, passport, etc. All tickets should be bar coded, all TTE are provided with electronic hand held bar coding reader machines, for reading the authenticity of the tkt as well to identify of the passenger as per the proof provided at the time of purchase of tkt, and this ensures that all passengers carry the ID card along with them. Also all the challans / bills for imposing the fine for various reasons, are issued by electronic receipt by TTE, through the hand held machine. All locos to provide with the reading machines, soon the TEE duty is over, before disembarking train he should up load the data of the passengers , the challnas /bills issued data to the system in the train, the system automatically up loads to the main railway data base soon it reaches a station. This will eliminate the any misuse of power by the TTE, as the system will automatically know the vacancies, and all the receipts are electronic. All the major stations, all stating points of the train, railways should keep TTE at the entrance of each coach, all passenger should be allowed to board the train on reading the tkt with the bar coding machine, and this will certainly eliminate max no burden on the railways. Only passengers should be allowed to board the train. For this all major stations should make separate provision for the visitors as well the passengers, on entering the screening zone, the passengers are not allowed to meet the visitors. To ensure the EQ release more transparent, railways should issue fixed no. of bar coded forms to all the eligible persons to recommend, the bar code itself has the order of priority, and this will ensure the proper use of EQ. This should be coupled with allowing the mobile request by the concerned person, by sending SMS to the standard railway no. meant for EQ, alternatively, e-mail could also be entertained. The mobile no, e-mail id should be registered by the all the authorities that has the recommending power for EQ request with the railways.

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The railways to provide the bar coded request forms online by allowing the concerned authority to provide the details online to obtain the fixed no of bar coded forms. All the plat form tkts are to either bar coded / all entrances are provided with secure entrance system to enable only one person can enter at a time on the insertion of tkt on the machine. All the railway stations to provide the security check, scanning system, people should be advised to reach the railway station 2 hrs prior to travel to undergo the security screening of the scanner, all passengers should be allowed to carry only one piece of carry bag, remaining they should be in the luggage in the luggage (as in the case of flight), fixed wait of language only should be allowed, beyond needs to collect over wait charges, this brings discipline in people as well as security measures., All the platforms maintenance should be given to private organisations and periodic inspection by the authorities All the railway stations should be provided with safe drinking water RO plants that should run on either no profit no loss or should be freely provided to all the passengers by loading the cost of operation on the higher-class passengers. All food courts should be given to NGOs to operate, and the periodic quality checks by different levels should be made to ensure that quality is maintained and providing food at cost price with no profit no loss. All the toilets maintenance should be given to NGO like sulabh, for maintaining hygiene. All the parking should be electronic tkt, with the EVRC and EDLC. All parking areas should be vertical to ensure maximum utilization of space. All goods carriage should be through CCMMA. It should be mandatory all railway locos should be equipped with night driving safety device (drowse detection and alert system) which detects the eye movement through the sensors, alerts the driver in case of drowse, even for 5 sec., this will certainly prevent accents that occur in the night.

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PUBLIC SERVANTS DATA BANK


There should be central data bank of all Public Servants in Government/ PSU and semi government / judiciary employees from peon to the cabinet secretary and all elected representatives from sarpanch to PM The authority has to issue the standard format for all of them to fill the details. The details submitted should be on a bond paper and are legally binding; with the act will provide stringent punishments for mis information/ wrong in formation /concealing information. The details to be obtained are about the assets both fixed/ movable which include investment in shares, land, house commercial property, farm/ agriculture land (whether cultivatable/ non cultivatable) in the individual employees name as well as existing in the name of the spouse and children and the dependent parents of the employee, the vehicles possessed by individual employee and also by the spouse, by the children, in case the vehicle is gifted then the relation with the gifted person,, jewellery possesed by the individual employee, by the spouse, their children, the date of purchase/ source of income for the purchase was declared as per govt deceleration, bank account details with details of debit cards and credit cards, bank locker details and any business run by the family members of the individual employee and the details of business like nature of business, the address of office and factories, turnover, the investments made by the family members, the share holding pattern of the family members in that business, with pan number., the place of living whether the house staying is government allotted the house is rented or own, in case government house amount of HRA deducted. In case, rented the rental agreement details, the amount of rent paid (it should be mandatory that all rentals should be paid through the bankers check only), also the details of, the municipal tax paid, the water tax paid, the electricity bill paid. The travel expenses of the individual and family members, incurred both air and higher class in the train or vehicle by road, any foreign countries visit expenditure, the expenditure on education for school fees, college fees etc, In addition, the telephone (both landline as well as mobile) and the internet bill payment details should be obtained. In addition, the details of native place of the individual employee as well as the spouse native place should be obtained mandatorily (all these details are mandatory, irrespective of whether the individuals are filing income tax returns or not) In addition, it should be necessary to obtain the pan no, the voter id no, ration card no, passport no, etc of the individual as well as the family members. Also all movable assets details of like date of purchase, source of income for the purchase, the consumer products at home like TV fridge there make , model no, date of purchase, whether they are informed according to the government rules in case of purchase above Rs 20,000, if gifted the relation to receive the gift from them should be obtained. Any investments in the business, by the spouse and children, there source of income, etc

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The details has to be obtained from the former / retired after 2001, in case of employees, and in case of the elected representatives after 2001, else their pension has to be stopped, and the barred from contesting the elections. This should be linked to all the central authorities database for correlating the information to find out the authenticity of the information, in case of any dies proportionate assets found action would be taken as per law. This will certainly eliminate the corruption at all levels.

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PRIVATE BUSINESS ENTREPRENEURS DATA BANK


Is very necessary to have a centralised data of all ll details of private sector HR, as such central data bank of all Private business Employers and Employees data bank should be constituted. The data banks have district wise units and all the business establishments from companies to small kirana shops, in all including service sectors, like hospitals, educational institutions, in the district, should be mandatory to get registered in the Private business entrepreneurs data bank. The data bank will provide category wise a unique id., all the management and staff, after obtaining the details of the management and staff, the details include bank account details, , pan card, voter id card, passport, the house own/ rented, if own the property tax, the water tax connection and payment details, in case rented, the rental agreement details and the rent paid, (all rent payments above 2000 rs should be through bank check only) , the deatials of electricity meter and the details of power bill paying, the details of telephone numbers, the details of phone use paid in case of post paid connections (in case of pre paid connection, the details of phone use payments can be obtained from the service providers), PF, ESI, insurance paid, details of share holdings in companies, all movable and immovable assets details Of the management as well as all employees and in addition, the family members of management and employees details. It should be mandatory that all the employees receiving salary above 3500 rs should be paid through the bank deposit/ bank check only. And all daily wages should be paid minimum of rs 180 per day. It should be mandatory to categorise the jobs classification for dail wage labour and the employee. And also all the daily wages labour should be mandatorily be registered to obtain the daily wage card which is bio- metric in nature, and the daily wage card number should be mandatory for the daily wage in the mandal level and district level. Also it will be mandatory that all the daily wage payments exceeding 50 number of individual labour need to be made through bio metric method, by having an online bio metric readers with all employees. This measure will certainly, put checks and balances to the private establishments. As the management of the establishments will make the As the details of the salary paid, the payment of ESI, PF reflect the correct number of employees reflected in the employment register. Making the private establishments more transparent in their dealings.

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REFORMS IN POLICE ORGANISATION


The police in the country play a key role in providing internal security to the people of the country. Even though they work hard in protecting the people they are being criticised by many people, and it is the fact many people fear to approach police station. In this scenario, there is need to revamp the entire policing system in the country. The first and fore most important system is to computerise all the police stations. All the police stations should have at least 12 hours solar power back up for entire station premises. The entire premises of the police station should be under servivliance. All the data of the FIRs and the progress report should be up dated on line and all stations of the district , state should be inter connected. The state head quarters should have STATE POLICE RECORDS DATA HUB. All states data hubs should be connected to the CENTRAL POLICE RECORDS DATA HUB (CPRDH) , will synchronize the data for identifying the criminals of the interstate. All the police stations should have the jurisdiction to execute the all duties of handling criminal offices of the CRPC, except white-collar and cyber crimes which need specialised policing. There should be special police wing for white-collar crimes and cyber crimes handling, with separate police stations at least one police station at the district head quarters. The police should be especially with accounts and law background for the white-collar crimes, and masters in computer applications for the cyber law department to be recruited. Alternatively, all the white collar and cyber crimes handling police stations should have one qualified charted accountant and one qualified software professional should be recruited in addition to the regular police. All other facilities and systems of computerisation of data, serviveliance, inter connectivity to state and central networks will be applicable to this wing. In addition, there should be separate police wing for handling the terror activities at all district headquarters. All the police will have the commando like training to tackle the terror situation. All the air ports, all major railway stations, all major bus terminals and all the state entry and exit check posts should have a special police stations with special police which are inter connected to the CPRDH , with the only job to identify the criminals. All the districts should have the Anti corruption wing, and CID to handle the cases separately. There should be reforms in the CRPC under no circumstances the police should use force on the accused, which can be identified through the servivalince cameras, by the district head quarters officials. All the police stations are provided with fitness equipment, ensuring all the police officials are fit enough to tackle all the situations.
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More important that all state governments should recruit police in such numbers that all the police stations, all the police should work only for 8 hours a day in three shifts, except in the special wing police based on the need for demand of the individual cases and in special occasions and circumstances. All the police should be given subsided ration of food grain, daily consumables, and all other essential requirements through police canteens, irrespective of income group, as in the case of the military services having military canteen, by providing a electronic police canteen card which can be operative in any district, with fixing the maximum limit of utilization of the card value with category wise limit within the maximum permitted limit ( food grain limit, cosmetics limit, lenin limit etc ) per individual from the store should be 1/5 of the take home salary. This measure is necessary to prevent mis utilisation of subsidey provision. Also this method will certainly provide the police persons and there family the nutritious food, security, making them to work more sincerely, without compromising on the assigned duty. All the police stations should be equipped with biometric time card readers for recording the in and out of the police station. All the police should be provided with mobile phone with CUG within the state police. All the police stations should be provided with vehicles for executing the duty, and the mobile police vans, all the vehicles running on preferably NG/LPG. As it has the advantage that they are eco friendly. All the special party police should be provided with two wheels, which are proving highest mille available in the market at the time of purchase. All the police should provided with pre loaded petro card to fill the petrol for individual vehicles and CNG/LPG/Diesel for the station vehicles. All the police vehicles both individual as well as the station vehicles should be equipped with GPRS and the vehicle tracking system. All the out bound duties and vehicle use should be recorded and up loaded in the computer system every day for the station vehicles and once in a week the personal dairy of the individual police persons on duty. All the traffic police stations should be equipped with data analysists to analyse the servivalance data of all the traffic ilands, which are equipped with high resolution servivalance systems to record the traffic violations. All the traffic police should be provided with vehicles, in addition all the traffic police should be given double the salary, what he is drawing at the time of joining of the traffic department. All the police who are on duty on special occasions on holidays need to be paid 3 days salary per one full day extra duty, excluding the travel period. As they are losing their primary right of spending with the family on the special occasions and festival occasions. All the security of the politicians, celebritys attending various functions need to be recovered from the political parties and the function organisers. Even the government ministers and chief minister attending private functions other than government need to be charged from the private function organisers in advance. Only the CM and members of cabinet of state and central should be provided with police protection (bodyguards) based on the need. All other members of the parliament, assembly and other individuals should be provided security only on payment for the security based on the need ( the
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total amount of salary and allowances of the individual police last salary dwawn before joining the duty of the member), the payment for the security should be attached to the salary account of the member. In case of exmembers to the pension account. There should be ban on the orderly system in the police; no police should be permitted to do odd jobs for the next level, senior officials. All the police should be given training to drive motor bikes as well as four wheelers. All police should be trained for emergency medical fist aid. All the police should be given training in martial arts and yoga. And it should be mandatory for all the police to attend the yoga secession either at the police quarters or in the police station. All the police stations for getting peace to the police as well as the accused in the custody, standard light music of patriotic songs should be played all the times. The methods of handling the accused should be changed, all the police should be trained to be soft spoken, and no use of force under any circumstances, and all the interrogation in the custody should be under the surveillance, ensures that no physical force is being used in the interrogation. All the police stations and all the judge courts are to be connected through video conference, and soon the accused being brought to the police station, after prim face integration, within 3 hours , need to be produced before the judiciary through the video conference facility, for obtaining in to their custody for interrogation, and on obtaining the custody of the accused, the interrogation should start, under the 24/7 survivalance cameras. All the police postings should be made once in two years following the NEWSC formula. i.e the persons working in police stations in the that are at the north part need to get transfer on completion of the two years to police stations on the south side of the district and vice versa. And similarly other directions and ensuring that all the police can complete the district posting in 8 years of tenure. Similarly, all those completed 8 years in one district should be posted to other district. Here also following the same NEWSC principle, i.e the persons completed tenure in the north side district of the state should be posted to south side district of the state and vice versa. This principle is applied to blow the rank of station in charges. In case of station in charges only NS or EW or C should be applicable. i.e after completion of 2 years tenure at the north side of the district should be posted to police station on the south side of the district and vice versa. Soon after the completion of the 4 th year, the station in charge should be posted in other district applying the same NSEWC, ensuring that the police official will never get the same district posting in same police station or same district during his service period. In the above method, the police officials cannot change their specialisation and shift to other wing. This method will eliminate the political interference in the policing In case, of proven bribery charges, the police should be dismissed from the service, and get double the punishment than the civil official gets, also in case caught on surveillance camera using force on the accused in ithe
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interrogation, it should be treated as non-bail able criminal office with stringent punishment attracting immediate suspension from service. In addition, there should be stringent punishments with rigorous imprisonment for in interfering in the civil disputes and disputes other than the jurisdiction he holds. The above measure will bring confidence in the people about the police.

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TAXATION REFORMS:
All agriculture income should be brought to tax. All the tax levy and collection agencies like income tax, central excise, customs, service tax etc. should have the database of their respective taxpayers state wise and synchronize the data of all the states by the respective tax collection agencies. The government should from a unified database of all the taxpayers of different types of taxes. As such, the UNIFIED TAX PAYERS DATA AGENCY (UTPDA) should be created at the state and central level. The synchronized data can be used by all the respective units for the better tax collection. All tax collection agencies should use the data of SLDA statutory licences data authority for the identification of the non-taxpayers. In addition, the tax collection agencies should use the other relevant databases for the tax collection and prevention of tax evasion.

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TABLE OF ABBREVIATIONS CAA CBA CBTA CBTMA CBVA CCMA CCMMA CEAA CEMCA CFAA CHA CHHA CHIA CPAA CPFNA CPNA CPRA CPRDH CPSDB CSAA CSLDA CTAQAT CTTA CTTAA CVRA EDLC EFIC EVRC VDS VRO UTPDA Central agriculture authority Central banking authority Central bullion trade authority Central beverage trade monitoring authority Central banking vigilance authority Central contract management authority Central cargo movement monitoring authority Central energy administration authority Central expiry medicine collection agency Central fertilizer administration authority Central health authority Central hotel and hospitality authority Central highway information authority Central pesticides administration authority Central petro fuel network authority Central pharmacy network authority Central property registration authority Central police records data hub Central public servants data bank Central seed administration authority Central statutory licences data authority Central technical and quality assessment tribunal Central travel and tourism authority Central toll tax administration authority Central vehicle registration authority Electronic driving licence card Electronic farmer identity card Electronic vehicle registration card Voluntary disclosure scheme Vehicle registration offices Unified tax payers data agency

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CONCLUSION All the reforms suggested are practically possible to implement, the expenditure to implement is very marginal compared to the benefits the reforms provide. In majority of the reforms will earn more revenue to that particular sector. To give an an example in the energy sector if the reforms are implemented the energy wasted can be tapped and put to use which can save several thousands of crows of rupees to the government. Apart from this the same energy can be utilised for other productive uses. Likewise, the reforms in transport sector coupled with manufacturing sector will almost provide tax collection increase more than 50% of the present collection. Likewise, reforms in the property registration can provide transparency in dealings and will un earthen the un accounted transactions. Likewise, the health sector reforms ensure that all the people of the country will have the quality health care. Likewise, the agriculture reforms will lead that all the farmers who are the food providers for the country will get desired output for their hardship. Likewise, all the education sector reforms will bring quality education in the country. Likewise, the banking sectors reforms will un earthen the un accounted monetary transactions, which will bring back the black money for the developmental activities, in addition, also act as a primary reform to bring the desired change in the peoples attitude, increase the responsibility of the individuals towards the development, systematic way of life. All coupled with the transparency of the database of the public servants will for sure bring confidence in the governance in the minds of the people of the country, it also increases the citizen responsibility. All the above reforms can be implemented without disturbing existing constitutional centre state subjects of administration. Only minor modifications are required for the cooperation for the implementation of reforms, which will provide more revenues for the states, useful for the overall development of the states. All this leads to the overall development of the country as super power nation. ***

JAI HIND

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