- A critical study of robots

OBJECTIVE : The objective of this paper is to analyze the purpose of robots and whether it’s a boon or a bane if thinking capabilities are induced in them taking reference from the blockbuster movie ” The Robot” .

As is known A robot is a mechanical intelligent agent which can perform tasks on its own, or with guidance.. For many years, scientists have experimented with giving machines "artificial intelligence," or computer brains. In the 1940's, crude computer-type machines were given the task of breaking codes. They were the first robot-type machines. Once called "mechanical men," today robots are used for many things, and they can perform complicated work. Robots are machines that use a computer brain to "think." People must put information into the computer, and that is called "programming." Then, the computer tells the robot what to do. Messages are sent from the computer brain to motors in the robot's parts. For example, a message is sent to the robot's legs, telling them to move in a certain way, and the robot walks. Another message can be sent to the robot's arms and the robot moves its arms. Robots can even walk up and down stairs! Robots can be programmed to do many kinds of work. They are used in factories, because they can use tools, pick things up, carry heavy things, squeeze things together and work without resting, eating or going to the bathroom! Robots can fit into places people cannot. They can fold themselves in half, and turn their heads clear around. If they need to, they can even remove their heads! Delving into the folds of the movie “Robot” , it revolves around Dr Vasi (Rajnikanth) who is a scientist with a mission. He wants to create the first robot which would not only serve tea and coffee to its masters but would have the power to serve humanity in more meaningful ways. He creates Chitti, the humanoid who looks like him and is willing to do anything for him. Trouble begins when he goes a step further and teaches the machine to feel. Chitti falls in love with the professor's

courtesy the red chip that a rival scientist (Danny Denzongpa) infuses in him. they may logically conclude (as they did in the Terminator. however. Can the creator tame the rogue robot or will machine rule over man? Well the answer is in positive sense. behavior-based robotic software. is another story. but can be reasoned as separate pieces of intelligence. Sana (Aishwarya Rai) and ends up becoming an almost undefeatable rival in love." adds Arkin. No one uses a joystick to guide them. The task of building knowledge and awareness for machines is huge. And if robots. and perhaps to find." explains Ronald Arkin. intercept and destroy a moving enemy tank on the battlefield. "This involves the issue of understanding intelligence itself. then one would discover an exponential pattern. Some would say that robots can already think because machines are able to compute information. to the other end of the extreme. To our knowledge. The real question is – should they be allowed to think? Intelligent thinking already exists to some extent in robots and computers.' using learned and acquired skills. develop emotions. It's just that due to certain boundaries they cannot think beyond a certain set of instructions. If robots are aware of their own existence. Researchers are teaching the robots how to search through rooms for biological hazards. he . We are figuring out how to make robot architecture both act and 'think. Now according to this pattern. a Regents' professor of computer science and director of the lab. that they should not be subject to human constraints and in fact are superior. because emotions often lead to errors in judgment. Sapient thinking. machines should be able to have reached human brain capacity in less than 100 years from now. who specializes in development of high-level.fiance . In Turing’s discussion about Computing Machinery and Intelligence. "Our goal is to create intelligence by combining reflexive behaviors with cognitive functioning. they will become less valuable to us. We have primitive forms of such technology but it is being refined. If one would look at the progress over the years in the creation of memory for electronic devices. whereby the robot is consciously aware of its existence ( a tricky thing to define) and having feelings. Arkin's approach is influenced by psychology and neuroscience. He builds it using abstract behaviors that capture both sensing and acting. The robots perform the tasks on their own.

Now was Deep Blue thinking out of the box and surprising us with intelligent answers? No. slipshod fashion. Sure they make things easier for us such as toll machines.stated that if machines can behave indistinguishably from/like humans. I do it in a hurried. they are intelligent.’ Turing states that. although I do a calculation. Through trial and error. machines can sometimes surprise us and machines can learn. This doesn’t make them intelligent. But I don’t agree that a machine doing something completely out of the ordinary and unexpected is intelligent. which therefore surprises him. Someone programmed him and everything but as for the learning he did it on his own. computers. so Turing’s response that machines sometimes surprises us falls short. However. washer/dryer. let’s take the subject of math. However his second response that. I believe that programming is essentially the same thing as learning. taking risks…Naturally I am often wrong and the result is a surprise for me by the time the experiment is done…” He’s basically saying that his error (in programming a machine) causes the machine to do something unexpected. etc but that doesn’t necessarily mean that they are intelligent because aren’t we the ones who created them. or rather because. He’s a man made machine. And if we’re going . This is largely because I do not do sufficient calculation to decide what to expect them to do. if we never taught that 2+2=4 we would also not be able to figure out the solution to the problem. If a robot was never programmed to know that 2+2=4. he learned what it meant to turn all the light on and off. There was a point in time when Deep Blue kept getting the questions wrong. There was an error in his programming system and so he was shooting out random answers that had nothing to do with the original questions. For example let’s take Deep Blue. I’ve been noticing that I have an increasing large issue with the argument of robots not being able to produce anything without being programmed to do so. Much in the same way. then it could never answer the problem 2+2=?. Let’s take Leo as an example. and gave them the knowledge and the programming to do what it’s supposed to do? Turing counter argues with 2 responses. At first I didn’t understand what Turing meant when he said that machines can sometimes surprise us but then I realized what he really meant by ‘surprise us. it’s just a much faster process. put them together. First off. I think it’s more of a mistake. “Machines take me by surprise with great frequency. for example. machines are capable of learning got me second guessing my opinion.

CONCLUSION : So overall. only the programmer say that the robot isn’t intelligent. I could agree and say they’re intelligent. I do not agree that machines are intelligent because we were the ones who built and programmed them but if they are able to learn on their own and I guess if they were to behave indistinguishably like humans to a point where I wouldn’t be able to tell a difference. then I would argue we must also say that we are not intelligent. . But I hope that doesn’t happen anytime soon because it’s a scary thought if a machine were to outsmart humans. only the person who taught us is intelligent.

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