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Universal Design Public Transport


Joseph KWAN
Rehabilitation International International Commission on Technology and Accessibility

United Nations Convention ! on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UN - CRPD)!
(Adopted UN General Assembly 13 Dec 2006) ! (Entry into force 3 May 2008)! !

The Convention prohibits discrimination against persons with disabilities in all areas of life! !

Article 9: deals specically with Accessibility!


!

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Purpose of Convention (Article 1)!


! To promote, protect and ensure ! the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all persons with disabilities, and to promote respect for their inherent dignity! ! !

UN - CRPD!
154 signatories to Convention !
!

90 signatories to Optional Protocol!


!

122 ratications of the Convention!


!

73 ratications of Optional Protocol


[Oct 2012 update]!

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Article 9: Accessibility!
Aim: To enable persons with disabilities to live independently and
participate fully in all aspects of life ! ! Responsible Parties: States Parties shall take appropriate measures to achieve the aim ! ! Coverage: Equal access to the physical environment, transportation, information and communications, including ICT and systems both in urban and in rural areas! ! Measures: Identication and elimination of obstacles and barriers to accessibility! ! Application: Buildings, roads, transportation and other indoor and outdoor facilities, including schools, housing, medical facilities and workplaces; Information, communications and other services, including electronic services and emergency services!

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People with Disabilities - Global! estimated 15% of the world's population has a disability! more than one billion people with special needs worldwide! an estimated 80% live in developing countries ! !
(Source: WHO Report, 2011)!

Aging Population - Global!


Europe Northern Am erica Australia/New Zealand Asia Japan Republic of Korea Singapore Thailand China 0 10 20 30 40 50

Percentage
Percentage of population aged 60 years or over in 2005, 2025 and 2050!

2050

2025

2005
(Source: UN-ESCAP Statistical Book 2008)

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Universal Design!
Article 2 - Denition!
!

"Universal Design" means the design of


products, environments, programmes & services to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design. ! !
!
(Ron Mace 1988)!

Principles of Universal Design!


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Equitable Use! Flexibility in Use! Simple and Intuitive Use! Perceptible Information! Tolerance for Errors! Low Physical Effort! Size and Space for Approach &Use!

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Universal Accessibility!
Traditional view of accessibility! focus exclusively on design for people with permanent disabilities! ! ! ! Evolving philosophy of accessibility focus on design for all people ! UNIVERSAL ACCESSIBILITY!

Universal Accessibility!
Not only for!

but also!

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Barriers: Public Transport !

Barriers: Public Transport !

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Railway System - Norway

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Tram System - Istanbul!

Public Bus System & Stops!

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Low Floor Bus + wheelchair access!

Public Bus System - BRT!

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Public Taxicabs!

Taxis & Taxi Stands!

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Private Cars!

Private Cars & Parking!

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Marine Transport Montreal!

Marine Transport Dubai!

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Marine Transport Sydney!

External Environment!

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Information & Communication Technology (ICT)!

Inclusive for All!

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Thank You
Joseph Kwan
Global Chair (RI - ICTA) Rehabilita4on Interna4onal Interna'onal Commission on Technology and Accessibility www.riglobal.org Director UDA Consultants Ltd. Consultants in Universal Design & Accessibility jkuda@netvigator.com

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