Micro-insurance targeted at the people living in the slums is now a reality PAGE 4

Find out why some people don’t want to call it a day in the slums after becoming rich PAGE 6


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Ghetto Mirror
Real life stories from the slums
NOVEMBER 2012 facebook/ghettomirror

The slum factor in Governorship race

Residents of Mukuru to protest ruling
By Peter Ombedha
Residents of Mukuru Kwa Njenga have protested a decision by the high court to award 92.2 acres of land in the slum settlement to Orbit Chemicals. The high court ruling on October 22 by Lady Justice Roslyn Nambuye over the said piece of land automatically makes them squatters on the company’s land which the company claims it acquired in 1987. According to Jane Weru of Muungano wa Wanakijiji- an Umbrella body that fights for the rights of people living in slums about 75 percent of the 92.2 acres that is claimed by Orbit is occupied by the slum. The Assistant Chief of the area John Githae asserted that if the company moves to repossess the land, more than 300,000 people will be left homeless. “The government should seek for alternative land to settle the residents in order to avoid a housing crisis,” he said. Dominique Munoki, who runs a car hire and car wash business in the area, will have to seek for alternative means to repay a 1 million shillings loan he borrowed from a bank last year to start his business if the company decided to evict the residents whom it classified as squatters in the legal suit. “We are just ordinary wananchi and do not have the financial muscle to fight back in court so we will just wait and see what happens next.” He said when the Ghetto Mirror visited the area. Njoroge Gatuki said that he is not happy with the court order handing the land to the Orbit Chemical. He accuses the government for causing that confusion in the first place. The gove in the area is very unhappy with the turn of events and says the buck stops with the government. “First the government should see how to compensate the people who have put up businesses in the area as they may have been duped to buying the land and then consider those children who will not have schools to go to.” She said. The company has indicated that it wants to repossess the land and put it into use and it maintains that the people living there are squatters and should not be surprised when evicted. Contiued on Page 6

Land tussle

TOP CONTENDORS: Evans Kidero, Ferdinand Waititu, Philip Kisia and Jimna Mbaru. The latest entrant and only woman in the race Starehe MP Bishop Margarete Wanjiru is expected to alter the Map: UNEP, graphics: Paul Owino dynamics of the race.

With about 70 percent of the population living in informal settlements, it is certain that the Governor’s position for the richest county will be decided by its poorest citizens.
By The Mirror team
Most political pundits argue that the Nairobi governor’s race will be one of the most grueling political duels in the upcom-

ing general election. With three months to go, campaigns have already hit fever pitch in what has become the toughest battle after the presidency. Candidates have set up secretariats and marshaled campaign teams, complete with political advisors and strategists. The winning candidate will not only be the chief executive of Kenya’s capital city but also be in charge of the commercial hub of East and Central Africa. Home to the headquarters of all the arms of the government of Kenya, Nairobi County will be the centre of power. Major political parties will fight to the wire to win the governor’s seat. Nairobi is a cosmopolitan city. Any candidate who wants to win the governor’s position will have to appeal broadly to the majority of voters. This majority consists of poor people who live in informal settlements. A contender who appeals best to this huge voting block will likely win the race to be governor. Contiued on Page 7


Ghetto Mirror

Residents should take advantage of their numbers to demand for better leadership
It is no secret that the Governorship post will be very hotly contested when the general elections are held in March next year. Nairobi, being the richest county in the country will offer the winner of the seat immense powers in next year’s government It is also obvious that the contenders know the slums are a crucial voting bloc that will ensure any of them gets the post if he is able to influence slum voters to vote for them. However none of the aspirants have come up with concrete solutions to the problems people living in the slums face everyday. Most of them say they will create jobs and provide better housing which are usual campaign messages for politicians. What they fail to say is how for example they will create those jobs they are promising or what they will do in order to provide better housing. These are questions that we need to ask them each time they come to our areas to ask for votes. Saying that they were born in slums like some of them do is simply not enough. Same as saying that they represent areas which are occupied by slums so they know their problems. Slums have for a long time been given a raw deal by the City Council. We need to vet these aspirants seriously



We welcome letters on topical issues or the stories we publish and comments on You can also drop them at our office at Gatwekera near PAG Church, Kibera.

The aspirants have turned the slums into a battle ground
I will turn every road into a superhighway, modernise the rail system and make sure there are direct flights from Nairobi to the U.S if you elect me as your governor Are we in the same city?

Why is the City Council ingnoring the slums?
We need to give credit to the youth in the slums that are doing their best to collect garbage. They are cleaning a mess that has been created by the City Council of Nairobi who have seemingly assumed that the slums are none of their business. This makes one wonder whether Kibera, Dandora, Baba Dogo, Kariobangi and the other slums are in really on Nairobi’s boundaries or whether the people living there pay taxes. Does it also mean that the City Council’s mandate is confined to the City Centre where even throwing a sweet wrapper will earn you a fine? The town and other estates are equipped with rubbish bins but if you go to the slums where the population is high residents have been left to think of their own way to throw away rubbish. Ironically, the City council employees walk everyday collecting operating fees from traders carrying out their business next to heaps of rubbish. Whether this is true or not, that cleanliness is next to Godlithrough circumstances that can be traced back to the living in dirty environments. Garbage is usually the best habitat for flies, mosquitoes and other germs which are main sources fatal infections. The government through the ministry of public health and sanitation should consider prevention rather than cure. Hygienic condition if well taken care of can be the best preventive measure ever noticed as opposed to vaccination and any other method under practice. Nairobi is supposed to the capital city of Kenya though it doesn’t depict the same as the local government does not recognize the middle and low class settlement schemes as being parts of the city. It is time the City Council provided its services to the slums .

Kevin Ogola

Quote of the Month
Nothing is more precious than peace. It is the most basic starting point for the advancement of humankind
Daisedu Ikeda
A publication of Shining Hope For Communities Editor-in-Chief
Vincent Achuka Line editor John P. Okewa Graphic design Paul Owino

Is the City Council’s mandate confined to the City Centre where even throwing a sweet wrapper will earn you a fine?

ness does it mean that the slums are nowhere close to God? Undoubtedly, together with the economy, cleanliness is what defines a city. Most infants succumb

Close down rogue rehabilitation centres Be careful with
It is such a shame that the number of street kids or Chokoras as we like referring them keeps growing even as the government insists it has succeeded in removing them from the streets. In a way it appears the government is blinding us by taking them from the streets when they carry out swoops but take them to hostile institutions like Joseph Kangethe where it is said life is too hard so after some time the kids get back to the streets again. This cycle continues and that is why the num-bers will never reduce. A good question to ask is why we have never been shown any street kid who has been fully reha-bilitated and is living a normal life with a job an a house. Why? It is because actually no rehabilitation n takes place in these rehabilitation centres as they have been turned into mini-juvenile prisons for holding the street kids just to keep them off the streets. Life on the streets is not pleas-ing either as they lack food, shelter and face constant harassment from the police and members of the pub-lic who view them as filthy. The government needs to do something before the situation gets out of hand Matilda Adhiambo


KIBERA NEWS TEAM: Eric Ouma,Godwin Oyindo, Nancy Akinyi, Sylvia Nekesa, David Otieno, Kizito Nadebu, Nicodemus Odalo, George Bush, Peter Ombedha. MATHARE NEWS TEAM: Dennis Onyango, Geofrey Mimas, Irene Odhiambo, Maurice Adienge, Berryl Okello, Joseph Ochieng, Crispine Oginga, Gladys Akoth, Juma Onesmus, Mercy Aymah

As much as we are blaming the authorities for not arriving at fire scenes on time, we are also to blame for doing stupid blunders when dealing with electricity that lead to most of the fire outbreaks witnessed in slums. Most of the residents opt to do wiring by themselves or feel that they know a lot about electricity such that when they have issues with their connections they opt to carry out maintenance on their own and this can be catastrophic Sylvester Oduor

Technical assistance Dan Whipple& Kathleen Bogan E-mail:



@ghettomirror facebook/ghettomirror


Ghetto Mirror


Government order defied in Baghdad
By Maurice Adienge & Dennis Onyango
Six months after rocks tumbled down and crashed into houses near a cliff at Mathare’s 4A Baghdad area killing six people, houses are slowly being built in the area. This is even after the government issued an order that restricted the residents from rebuilding their houses in the same area for fear of another accident happening especially when it rains. The government even said it will create a buffer to stop the residents from moving back. However, no such buffer has been created and houses are being constructed each day by the landlords whose houses were destroyed in the tragedy. Some houses have even been occupied. Those who have moved back claim they have nowhere else to go and insist unless the government provides them with alternative places they are not going anywhere 67 year old Teresa Mukehe who is one of the people whose houses were crushed by rocks during the tragedy is still living within the same area. Teresa who earns a living from knitting baskets outside her house said that even though she is aware that the government has warned people against living in the area for safety reasons she will not leave. On the contrary she wants the government to assist her to finish reconstructing her house. “I lost everything in the tragedy, but where will I go when everything of mine was destroyed?” she asked “Furthermore, I have lived on the same spot for 34 years that is why it is high for me to vacate.” She asserted. Another resident Dominic Shiulu has not only constructed a house but also started a business of making photo frames hardly a metre from where another rock recently crashed a pit latrine. He is assured that just as lightning does not fall on the same place twice, another accident will not happen again. “I try not to think of the possibility of another accident. I was carrying out my business in another area but when I came here I found free space and decided to set up.” He has even employed some women to help him in his business which seems to be thriving. The women say they make up to 560 shillings per day and see it as a good opportunity to earn a living. Like Dominic several people have maximised on the tragedy and moved in to grab land that was left idle. The Ghetto Mirror also found a group of youth ferrying the rocks for sale that were crushed by bulldozers during the rescue operation. Chiefs in the area can have been tied by laws which restrain them from demolishing houses that have already been built.

Sinai victims court case hits complications
By Mirror Reporter
The 25 billion shillings compensation case by the Sinai fire victims at the High court has hit complications after three parties enjoined in the suit applied to the court seeking exclusion saying they bear no responsibility for the fire which killed 102 residents of the slum in September last year. The three institutions, Kenya Power Company, National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) and the City Council of Nairobi say the victims have failed to show any connection between the victims’ claims and their mandates. Through their lawyer Senior Counsel Paul Muite say the City Council and NEMA failed to ensure that the environment was habitable. The City Council is also accused of intentionally leaving an open drainage to run through the slum. The City Council however says the land where the tragedy occurs is owned by the Kenya Pipeline Company and they have no jurisdiction over it. The Kenya Power Company on their part say the fire was not caused by an electrical fault and so they see no reason why they are in the suit. The fire was caused by a leak in the pipeline. Ruling will be made on December 4

TALL ORDER: Despite the risks posed in the event, this cliff crashes down, one person in Mathare 4A Baghdad area has decided to turn a void in the cliff into a home Photo: Maurice Adienge

Additional report by Geofrey Mimmer

Rain curse visits again
life.” She said. Another resident, David Onyancha was still in shock and views the rains as a curse saying that four children are the only solace he has after losing everything else. When the Ghetto Mirror visited the area residents were trying to repair the remaining houses which had been badly damaged revealing the ferociousness of the rain water. At Mabatini area in Mathare, the topography of the area which lies on the river basin of the Nairobi River has made the area prone to flooding whenever it rains. This time round because of the El-Nino phenomenon, the water rose to more than 2 metres of its original level forcing the people to vacate. The residents say this is not something new as they always vacate whenever it rains and come back when the situation normalizes. According to Evelyn Adhiambo a resident of the area, two of her neighbours who had only moved in a month ago vacated after their houses became flooded. Adhiambo, who has lived in the same house for five years showed a barrier she had erected in order to hold back the water whenever it rains but has seen several of her neighbours who live near her vacate. “My house is a bit high and so it is hard for the Water to come this side as you can see.” She asserted. Another resident, Elvin Akinyi said they had adapted to the floods and whenever it rains they remove their belongings from the house and camp by the roadside until it dries again. Some like Paul Ashioya saw this as an opportunity to get a vacant house as he had just moved in after 70 people vacated a plot and he moved in. Ashioya, who is a Jua Kali artisan, said the houses in the area are cheap compared to other areas.

Fire victims appeal for Government help

A man in Quarry village Kibera carries out repairs on his house which was badly damaged by rains. Some of the residents were left homeless after their houses were washed away. Photo: Peter Ombedha
on the Southern by-pass road passing through the area for not digging water canals to drain water whenever it rains. A site engineer in charge of construction for the company- China Roads and Bridges Corporation in the area refused to comment on the issue but insisted the problem was not caused by them and they have no control on the amount of rain. Betty Nyanchoka, an affected resident of Kibera said she will have to figure out a way to start life afresh after she lost almost everything. She only managed to save some clothes as she was too preoccupied with saving her three children from drowning. “I have been staying here for two years and I have never seen anything like this in my

UNCOMFORTABLE: Children squeeze inside one of the makeshift tents that the locals affected by a fire in Kibera’s Laini Saba area have constructed. One such tent is occupied by up to 10 people
By Johnstone Abuto & Eric Ouma
Most of the residents of Kibera’s Laini Saba whose houses were gutted down by a huge fire on October are still spending the night in the cold weeks after the incident. The rains currently being experienced in the city have made things even worse for the affected families who are now appealing to the government to rescue them. Over 50 families are currently living in makeshift tents near the railway line. The structures do not even have roof and the families say whenever it rains they get rained on save for the children who seek shelters in re constructed houses. According to the Kenya Red Cross, over 1500 people were affected by the inferno on October 31 although no one died contrary to earlier reports in parts of the media that said 3 people died. The organisation offered has shouldered

Photo: Jonstone Abuto

By The Mirror Team
As the rest of the country rejoices at the onset of the rains, residents of two of the largest slums in the capital continue to count losses in what is fast becoming a normal occurrence each time it rains. In Kibera, heavy rains that pounded the area on November 7 left several people homeless at Quarry area after their houses were swept away by rain water while in Mathare, hundreds of residents from Mabatini area who live along the Nairobi River have been forced to seek alternative places to live as the river burst its banks and flooded their houses. The affected residents of Kibera accuse a Chinese contractor working

Report by: Glady’s Akoth, Berryl Okello &Peter Ombedha

the burden of offering support for the victims although official say they are unable to meet the demand. Immediately after the disaster the prime Minister who is also the area MP had directed the Ministry of Special Programmes to assist the affected families with food, shelter and other necessities. Those affected however complain that people from other areas in Kibera pretending to be affected took advantage and swarmed the help centres locking out those who are in need from accessing help. “We reported the matter to the chief but no action was taken against those people so most of us are still in need as you can see.” complained Maurine Kanaria. She has had to contend with sleeping outside for over two weeks with her four children and husband which she says is against their culture. “If the problem is not resolved soon and the rains persist, there is a fear of an outbreak of diseases.” She added.

4Ghetto Mirror Pic-speak


As the story goes, once upon a time the Nairobi dam was a city attraction that people went for boat rides and picnics. Today it is an ugly swamp full of mosquitoes and sewage water that is causing residents of Kibera and Langata nightmares.

In case you are wondering what patriotism means, then Kibera is patriotic to two entiries; Kenya and Barrack Obama. The American flag had its day in town when he got re-elected.

Maintaining security at public events might be difficult but it is easier if the event is full of children. One wonders if this police-man put a stone face to scare the children.

CIC Insurance becomes the first company to launch a product targeted at the people living in slums as the Government aims at transforming the sector to accomodate the poor
By David Otieno & George Bush
For many years, Kenyans living in slums have been losing lives and property worth millions of shillings, either through fire outbreaks, floods or accidents. Despite the frequency of these accidents the people living in slums have had no way of getting compensation. But in the past few months CIC Insurance Group in partnership with Citadel Insurance Agency Limited have launched a program called Nuru ya Jamii through which the residents can insure themselves and their property for as little as 490 shillings per year. Micro insurance is the protection of low income households against specific perils in exchange of premium payment proportionate to the likelihood and cost of the risk involved. A new report by International Labour Organization and Munich Re Foundation shows that micro-insurance growth is expanding at a rapid pace globally with over 500 million people globally subscribed to these schemes. In Kenya it is only CIC Insurance that has such a product. However the Government appears keen to grow this huge untapped market and is currently working on a framework to regulate risk management services targeted low-income segment of the population and those working in the informal sector.

Insurance dream starts being realized

High cost of fuel spurs business for food vendors
By Glady’s Akoth & Berryl Okello
Food vendors selling cooked cereals in Mathare Area 4 are enjoying brisk business as more people opt to opt to buy already cooked food citing the high cost of fuel. As a result the number of roadside food vendors has also increased and one needs to walk hardly 20 metres without meeting one. The business usually peaks at noon and at sunset and most of the food vendors say the demand is too high that most of the days all the food is exhausted. Residents who have been hit by the high cost of living who prefer to buy ready-made food say it is a cheaper option compared to cooking. Marylyn Achieng who is a regular consumer says cooking at home requires a lot of resources and a lot of time that she does not have. “A quarter of a kilo of rice costs 20 shillings and beans 40 shillings. If I wanted to have rice and beans for lunch I would need more than 150 shillings because I will also need to buy cooking oil and kerosene but for only 20 shillings I can buy cooked rice and beans and save 130 shillings.” She says. Cereals usually require to be cooked for up to 2 hours and kerosene costs 95 shillings per litre in the area which most of the people cannot afford. Mary Ann who was previously washing people’s clothes in neighbouring estate ventured into selling food because of the high returns. She says rice and beans is the most popular among consumers but for those who cannot afford the latter, they are given soup as a discount. . In order to start the business she injected a capital cost of 1500 shillings which was mostly used to buy sufurias and two jikos. Her recurrent costs vary depending on the projected sales of the day but they do not surpass 2000 shillings. , “On a good day I can make a gross profit of up to 7000 shillings especially in the middle of the month when people are broke or during the weekends.” she says. Her children help when customers are many.

SOURCE: Insurance regulatory commision

A graph showing the annual insurance cover in Kenya for the year 2011. Domestic fires account for only 2 percent of the cover even though there have been numerous fires especially in the slums. Micro-insurance is expected to increase the number of people who are insured against such fires. Below is the tarrif plan for the Nuru Ya Jamii micro-insurance cover.
Elvis Ackel, the designer of the Nuru Ya Jamii micro insurance cover believes micro-Insurance is a key element in the financial services package for middle income people and those at the bottom of the pyramid. “People in the slums face more risks than the well off, but more importantly they are more vulnerable to the same risks,” said Elvis. “You find that usually people face two types of risks—idiosyncratic and covariate—forcing them to do pro-active risk management by either saving, taking loans from friends and relatives or organizing harambees for the sick and funeral expenses,” he added. Referring to the recent Sinai fire tragedy and a number of fire outbreaks in Kibera slum which led to hundreds of deaths and displacements of individuals, Elvis believes there is a strong demand for social protection among the poor. “Poverty is not just a state of deprivation but has latent vulnerability. We therefore provide greater economic and psychological security to the poor, as it reduces the exposure to multiple rises and cushions the impact of the disaster,” he said. “Most of the families affected whose shanties and property includ-

Option Benefit payout Annual premium

1 10,000 490

2 3 4 5 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 970 1,450 1,950 2,420
“I am very happy and proud of Nuru ya Jamii micro insurance cover for reaching us here in the society,” said Caren Adoyo, a CIC insurance agent from Kisumu Ndogo in Kibera. Caren, who also acts as an ambassador of the insurance, said that she normally sells the policies to spread insurance awareness and services to the low income earners who have been locked out by conventional insurance products. “I usually go to women and youth groups to sell them the policies and stress to them the benefits of the insurance and how it works,” she added. Clients are entitled to pay-outs according to the amount of premium they pay yearly with the lowest entitled to 10,000 shillings while the highest is entitled 50,000 shillings. According to a study by The Centre for Financial Regulation and Inclusion in South Africa, Kenya has an untapped potential market for Microinsurance of up to 11 million people.

ing subsistence businesses were burnt down forcing them to start from start from scratch, I believe with Nuru ya Jamii micro insurance cover, all the affected families can have somewhere to start from,” Elvis adde Nuru Ya Jamii is a combined family protection cover. It covers three risks—fire and allied perils for household assets, disability cover, and funeral expense support for up to six insured members, e.g. member, spouse and four Children. The cover has so far been able to insure over 150,000 members from several informal settlements including jua kali workers, hawkers, and grocers, small traders in Mukuru Kwa Reuben, Mukuru Kwa Njenga, Fuata Nyayo and Kibera. Elvis said that the company has also provided employment for agents who sell the premiums. So far we have 20 agents in Kibera and we are still recruiting more people more so the youth who live in the slums,” he added.


Ghetto Mirror
The owner of this sufuria in Mathare must be cursing the onset of the rains as it was washed away by the Nairobi river that passes through the area.


During the event to launch the Nokia Education Delivery system at Raila Education Centre, the crowd was so huge since the Prime Minister was around. However this man who did not want to miss a thing, took advantage of his

Still in Mathare, despite the warnings given by the Ministry of health on the safety of the vegetables people are eating, irrigating using dirty water is still common.


It is possible to eat a balanced diet without spending much

Ready for operation

Ann Oyugi buys omena from a local vendor in Kibera. These small fish are low in fat and cholestrol and a good source of protein as other forms of animal products are quite costly. Photo: Peter Ombedha
By John Paul Okewa
A majority of the urban poor in Kenya who earn very little restrict food consumption by eating fewer or smaller meals with most of them being cheap products. This is according to a recent urban food assessment by the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP). Doris Akinyi from Soweto spends an average of 150 shillings per day on food for her family of five. “I earn 200 shillings per day from doing manual jobs. Most of the days, I spend 70 shillings for maize flour, 30 shillings on charcoal, 10 shillings on cooking oil and 30 shillings on sukuma wiki. From that I am left with 30 shillings for breakfast since I have a young baby.” She says. WFP says the diet of most of the people living in slums consists of cereals and vegetables. The consumption of cereals is 5.2 days per week while vegetables is 4.2 days per week. Animal proteins, milk and fruits are hardly consumed. John Kioko of Kisumu Ndogo in Kibera says his family cannot eat a balanced diet because of lack money. “What I earn cannot allow me to provide a balanced diet for my family. It always ends up in flour and sukuma wiki as the rest caters for fuel and cooking oil.” He says. In an effort to eat a variety of foods and maintain a balanced diet, Mary Ogal, a nutrition specialist at the Kenyatta National Hospital observes that the poor have resulted in eating food sold on the streets. “The chapatis, mandazis, fish and chips sold in the streets are cooked using cooking oil that is high in cholestrol. Sometimes this cooking oil is even recycled or some traders look for the cheapest cooking oil that is available and this could be a recipe for diseases.” She says. “Lifestyle diseases which were previously thought as rich man’s diseases are now finding their way into the slums. We are treating more people who have diabetes, cancer, kidney and liver complications.” She says. Ogal says the problem is mostly caused by not only low income but lack of knowledge on what to eat. She agrees it would be difficult to dictate what people with low no comes can eat in order to maintain a balanced diet. However she says being poor does not mean you cannot eat a bal-

anced diet. One solution she says is eating foods that have micronutrient supplements. For instance it would be better to take porridge made from finger millet flour enriched with soya beans flour in the morning as compared to drinking black tea accompanied by Mandazi in the morning. Black tea only contains sugar and maybe tea or coffee which offers little nutritional value. Soya contains protein, finger millet is rich in fat and carbohydrates and if you add a little of lemon in the porridge you would have proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins and fats- a complete balanced diet in the morning. For those who cannot afford sufficient animal proteins in their diet got from fish, beef or eggs the solution should not be deep fried fish which according to Ogal are dip fried using high cholestrol oils. Omena (sardines) can be a good supplement. “These small fish usually associated with the poor are low in fat and cholesterol and a good source of protein, which makes them a good choice for a healthy diet. All fish are a good source of vitamin B which convert food to energy in cells and also help to build healthy nerve tissue.” She says. However at a minimum cost of 200 shillings for one fresh fish is very expensive so omena is a good alternative. Furthermore it has a long shelf life and so a family has the option of purchasing it in bulk. Tripe (the rubbery lining of the stomach of a ruminant known locally as matumbo) is also a good source of proteins and vitamins. “When ruminants, let’s say a cow eats plants, vitamins remain trapped in the intestines and this is a rich source of vitamins and proteins. However it should be cooked for at least 3 hours to avoid parasites which may be present in the animal from getting transferred to your body.” She advises. Caroline Atieno who runs a feeding program for children in Kibera also says there is also a general lack of Vitamin A and Zinc in children. “There need to be a complete change starting from the manufacturers to consumers. The millers and fat manufactures need to enrich their products with some contents of these nutrients to enable even the low income individuals to have a taste of these nutrients”

Delivery services now brought closer to mothers in Kibera
By George Sakwa
On October 13, a pregnant woman who had developed complications while trying to give at a traditional birth attendant died at Karanja as she was being rushed to a hospital outside Kibera. Currently there is no hospital that is equipped to handle such complications in the Kenya’s biggest slum. The nearest hospital is a private facility on Ngong road whose charges are above reach for the residents. Thus cases of women losing their lives during childbirth have been are not new. However this is expected to change soon with the first hospital to be built inside the slum just weeks away from completion. The Facility- Kibera South Health Centre built through an arrangement between the Ministry of Health and Medicines Sans Frontiers (MSF) will operate 24 hours a day to provide emergency and routine health care to the residents. This will be a huge relief to mothers who have a hard time accesing maternity hospitals during delivery. Most of the women have resulted to delivering at traditional birth attendants who are not equiped to handle complications. Under the arrangement, MSF which sourced for funds to build the hospital will operate it for some years before leaving it to the government. “There have been growing volumes of patients coming to our clinics in Kibera which has brought the need to reorganise our current systems.” says Kumar Chandiramani from the organisation’s offices in Kilimani. The need for additional health care facilities has been growing, especially for night-time emergency services. Kisumu Ndogo resident Faith Kemunto says, “There are many health centres in Kibera. However most of them operate only during the day. Kibera South Health Centre will be a blessing to us.” The new facility will offer antiretroviral therapy, tuberculosis treatment, mother-to-child health services, outpatient services, laboratory services, chronic disease services and general referral system to other facilities. “The new facility will accommodate the current services offered by two health centres; Gatwekera and Kwa Wanga,” Says Chandiramani. “We expect to have at least two hundred patients at the new facility,” he continues. Currently, the health centres cannot accommodate the growing number of patients in the slum. The only government facility, Kibera Health Centre is outside Kibera so provision of health services has been left to Non-Governmental Organisations and private clinics “I have to wake up very early in the morning in order to get a number. If you don’t get the number, then you will not be treated,” says a patient at Kwa Wanga health centre. “I am very happy now that the new facility will offer 24 hours for seven days a week. Most health centres in the slum only operate during the day and do not work during Sundays. This is a relief to us,” Eunice Atieno of Gatwekera says.

Rich but poor : Why some business tycoons do not want to leave yet
With various business interests in the slums and beyond, some entrepreneurs who are worth several millions simply do not want to move from where they were born.
By Paul Owino & Nichodemus Odalo
In the 2006 movie ‘Slum Dog Millionaire’ eighteen-year-old Jamal Malik a former street child from the slums of Mumbai in India is a contestant of an Indian show ‘Who wants to be a millionaire?’ He manages to answer all questions through recounting flashbacks of the incidents in his life in the slums that he answers. However, he almost fails to answer the last question of the show that would have won him 20 million Rupees but through a provision in the show that allows a contestant to call a friend his childhood friend Latika who was working in a slum millionaire’s house manages to answer the question instantly turning him into a millionaire. The movie that became a worldwide hit overturned the common notion that everyone who lives in the slums is extremely poor and struggles to get by. Though there is a general lack of basic social services like water, electricity, sewerage and security there is a class of people who are way above poverty level making even hundreds of thousands of shillings per month but still live in overcrowded neighbourhoods surrounded by poor people. Most of them were born in the slums and have over time amassed a lot of property but say they cannot shift because they want to protect their business interests. Suleiman Khalid is one such resident. Commonly known as Sulhe, he was born and raised in Kibera’s Makina area. He even schooled there. Today the skilled entrepreneur makes

6 Ghetto Mirror


A view of Kibera’s Soweto area where Engineer Gor Ogolla is said to own 40 structures. He claims to make over 150,000 shillings a month from his various business interests in housing, transport and water inside and outside the slum Photo: File
over 200,000 a month from his assets he has in Kibera alone. He owns two taxis that operate around Nakumatt Junction on Ngong road. He also owns three matatus in the Kibera town route. He also electricity to over 700 houses in Makina , Karanja and Laini Saba areas of Kibera and he’s also moving to Lindi. In addition he owns a nursery school near The Holy Trinity Church in Makina, six wines and spirits joints also in Makina and a wholesale shop in Makina Market to sum up his assets in Kibera. Apart from Kibera he owns two gold and silver jewellery shops, one in Madiwa and another in Majengo, Wendani. He said he cannot move from Kibera because it is his home and he also has to take care of his businesses. However He insisted his property was amassed through sheer hard work and warned the youth to desist from wishful thinking and urged them to be aggressive if they want to prosper. “Do not pray for riches while you have all the resources to get wealth. Just think outside the box and you will be as rich as you have ever thought.” He said. He added that he has managed to employ dozens of youth to take care of his business interests. The book ‘Poor Little Rich Slum’ by Rasmi Bansal and Deepak Ghandi offers perhaps the best insight into the world of the rich people who live in the slums. The book is about real stories of individuals and families who have lived for the last couple of generations in India’s Dharavi slum in small, cramped homes and having to share a toilet with other slum residents. Yet, sometimes having choices, they choose to stay in Dharavi. Professor Magayo Okoth Warambo, a former Dean in Pretoria University School of Business and Economics in South Africa attributed this to avoiding responsibilities and a wrong mentality that has devel-

What one rich slum resident owns • 2 Taxis • 3 Matatus • 700 Customers that get electricity from him • A Nursery school • 6 Wines and spirits shops • 2 Gold and silver jewellery shops
oped in the people who are rich but do not want to move from the slums. “They have developed friendship with people even before they made money and have some form of attachment with the slums.” He said during an interview with the Ghetto Mirror. “They fear a different environment that would keep them away from friends, neighbours, cheap life and busy environment that surrounds them.” He added. “Their mentality and attitude has overtime developed to a state where they believe they are still poor even when they are rich and this is a psychological problem.” The professor alluded. Engineer Gor Ogolla is another


Kibera resident from Kianda who also falls in this category. The 46 year old has lived in Kibera for 38 years and boasts of making 150,000 shillings a month from his assets. He is a well-known landlord owning over 90 houses on Western side of the slum. He has 50 houses in Kianda and the rest in Soweto West. His real estate interest spread past the slum even into middle class estates like neighbouring Ayani where he has six houses and three houses in Fort Jesus. He also owns 11 matatus of which four operate in the Githurai route, six in Kibera and one in Kisumu Kondele. Ogolla also has interests in the lucrative water business. Because of lack of running water in the slums anyone who sells water is highly regarded. He has a number of water kiosks in Bombolulu, Soweto west and Kianda villages. And like Sulhe he says he has lived here for long enough to call it home and also is protecting his businesses. However Professor Magayo has got a different opinion. “Many successful men who live in the slums have realised the business value of the slums fear moving far from their business cash cows since they think their competitors would overtake them.” He said. According to the professor such people fear competition and only want to continue using the poor in making their wealth. “Such a person fears to move out from poverty because he still wants to use the poor to get riches which anyway will the only difference which will be lost.” From Mathare, Prisca Muthoni is said to be making 300,000 every month from the diverse businesses ventures she is involved in. She says she owns a number of chang’aa brewing joints in Mathare Valley. The 40 year old also owns water tanks in Kosovo, Bondeni and Mathare 4B and has employed 14 men and seven women who fetch water for her chang’aa breweries. “We work to put a smile on the faces of our children and make them understand that money can be made through hard work and selling of chang’aa is one of them,” she said. In Korogocho a 29 year old who identifies himself only as Poshe owns over 40 motorbikes and has employed a number of youths who run his businesses. Also he owns pieces of land in Gragon, Karangu, and Highridge and in Korogocho

Residents of Mukuru to protest ruling
From page 1
However the slum residents, through the Muungano wa Wanakijiji organisation are planning to move to court to counter the move by the high court. The organisation claims that the residents have a right over the said piece of land considering the time they have stayed there. City Lawyer Wambui Wairua says if a squatter remains on a piece of land for at least 12 years with the knowledge of the true owner and without any interference from such owner, that squatter can claim to have title to the land and be recognised by law as the true owner of the specific piece he has been on through adverse possession.

Government begins talks over upgrade
By Mirror Reporter
Just days after the commissioning of the Syokimau Railway station that is expected to increase the effectiveness of the railway service in the country and decongest the roads, the government through Infraco Africa has started a series of workshops in Mukuru and Kibera on where the railway line passes through. This is aimed at sensitizing the residents on the expected upgrading of the railway line that will need more space to be created. Through this the government hopes to reduce chances of resistance from the residents who are living too close to the railway line as they will be expected to move in order to create a 30 metre space from the rail tracks. In Kibera where 7 kilometres of railway line pass through open forums where held at Mchanganyiko Hall along Karanja road and at the chiefs office at Laini Saba on November 14. In Mukuru another forum was held on November 16. In both forums only a handful of residents turned up. According to relocation report by the African Development Bank, which did a joint research with Kenya Railways, a total of 3,147 residential structures, 2,859 businesses, 280 institutions and 532 public facilities squat-ting on railway land will be affected. These include water points, toilets, bathrooms and schools. Under the plan the people whose businesses and residences will be demolished will be accommodated in new houses outside the railway reserve built by the corporation along a wall that will be constructed in order to prevent future enroachment. Schools will not be compensated

Employees from the Kenya Railways dump garbage along the railway line at Gatwekera.
Photo: Peter Ombedha


ICT may be a solution for students lacking access to learning materials
By George Bush
Efforts to integrate ICT with learning among the disadvantaged in society have been stepped up. Nokia became the latest entrant when it launched the Nokia Education Delivery (NED) program at a high profile event at Raila Educational Centre School in Kibera, hosted by Prime Minister Raila Odinga, Nairobi Mayor George Aladwa and Chinese Ambassador Liu Guangyan on October 30. The program, which uses mobile technology to deliver education content, is aimed at improving the quality of learning in underserved schools. It forms part of the educational initiatives outlined in a partnership agreement which was signed few weeks ago between Nokia and the Government of Kenya. Raila Centre’s Odinga School is part of the pilot program, which sees this technology rolled out in thirteen installations across ten schools in Kenya. The first installations are aimed at students in Standard 5 to 8 and will deliver Maths content, based on the Khan Academy learning tools. Through a partnership with Airtel Africa, the schools will also receive free data bundles for downloading the content. “This school is envisioned to undertake learning on a RISEM platform, that is Research, Innovation, Science, Engineering and Math, model that allows students a holistic education while emphasizing on technology,” Hon. Prime Minister Raila Amolo Odinga said. Nokia Delivery System is a good example of this approach. “Nokia Education Delivery System is designed for areas where resources are scarce and accessing education materials can be difficult,” said Agatha Gikunda, Ecosystem Manager of Nokia East Africa. “Through the power of mobile technology, teachers are able to access high quality edu-

Ghetto Mirror BRIEFLY


Slums snubbed in new low cost housing project
By Mirror Reporter
Nairobi’s informal settlements have been conspicuously left out by the National Housing Co-operative Union (NACHU) which plans to construct low cost housing units for low income earners at a cost of 400 million. Instead the firm, in partnership with a British NGO, Homeless International has started constructing 416 housing units in Kitengela, Ruai and Kamulu which are middle class areas. NACHU is an organisation that works to provide affordable housing for the poor people in an effort to fight poverty. Meanwhile the second phase of the slum upgrading project in Kibera Soweto is has made some good progress with most of the apartments nearing completion. It is expected to be opened early next year.

BACK TO CLASS: Prime Minister Raila Odinga, Industrialization Minister Henry Kosgey and Roads Minister Franklin Bett at the Raila Education Centre where they had gone to preside the launch of the Nokia Education Delivery System Photo: Peter Ombedha
cational videos and then share them via a TV screen with their learners. If you consider that many schools across Kenya are over-crowded and have limited access to even basic text books, this type of content is invaluable to the learning process and can be life changing for students”. The current installations at Raila Education Centre and Kimichu Primary School in Thika are part of a broader program that spans 10 schools in total. Kwoyo Primary, Katakwa Primary, Mwavulanga Primary, Central Girls Primary, Kamichu Primary, Kilimani School, Shujaa Mekatili Secondary and Nyamasare Primary are all part of the pilot program, in collaboration with Microsoft and the British Council of Schools. Each installation consists of a Nokia C6 mobile phone, preloaded with the Nokia Education Delivery application and a TV for video

Nokia Education Delivery System is designed for areas where accessing education materials is difficult”
Agatha Gikunda
Ecosystem Manager of Nokia E.A.
sharing with groups. The NED application allows Nokia to update the content catalogue centrally, allowing all the schools access to the new content by using the app to browse,

download and play videos. The app also has the ability to track usage of the content which will provide valuable information on which material is most relevant and popular. The success of the pilot programme will be measured through a study to determine the baseline competence of learners at the start of the programme, and again after using the system for six months. Nokia’s belief is that the children will exhibit a marked improvement in their ability to understand and apply mathematical principles. “Nokia remains committed to connecting the next billion to what matters most to them. There is no question that education, the desire for learning and for social upliftment, is at the heart of what all consumers want. Nokia Education Delivery opens the door to that opportunity,” Gikunda added.

Motorcycle operators hold demonstrations over insecurity
By Maurice Adienge
Motorcycle Taxi operators in Kayole have protested at the sharp increase of hijackings by passengers especially at night. They say thugs pretend to be passengers only to rob their motorcycles violently when they reach their alleged destinations. On October 20, they held a demonstration in Mathare after one of them was robbed his motorcycle by a person in the area. Mathare is 5 kilometres from Kayole and the motorcyclist died after being stabbed in the chest by a passenger he had ferried to Mathare. The motorcycle was found in a woman’s house in the area after the motorcyclists held a door to door search in conjunction with the police. The woman who is a fish vendor escaped An eight year old girl was run over during the demonstration which over 50 operators drove through Mathare chanting and waving placards. The girl survived but was badly injured.

The slum factor in governorship race
From page 1
In addition to the large population, voter registration and election turnout in the slums is always high compared to the middle class and up market areas of Nairobi. During the general elections in 2007, according to Mars Group, Kileleshwa Primary School polling station in up-market Kileleshwa estate in Westlands constituency had 5,649 registered voters. Another polling centre, The Kenya High School within the same region had only 315 registered voters. The whole constituency which is largely up market had poor voter turnout of only 39.8 percent. Interestingly Embakasi constituency, which has the highest number of voters and consists of largely poor neighbourhoods in Eastlands, had 249,970 registered voters during the last general elections with a voter turnout of 63 percent. Speaking on Capital Talk on K24 TV on October 27, political scientist at The Consulting House attributed this fact to the large population. “The Governor of Nairobi shall be a charlatan; he will not be a guy of finesse. This is because 60 to 70 percent of people in Nairobi live in slums and those guys will vote for a guy who resonates with them,” he said. Speaking to the Ghetto Mirror, political scientist Fredrick Onyo said the people living in slums want a leader who will fight for their rights and promise them access to basic social services. “Forget about the world class interconnectivity roads and the promises to turn Nairobi into an international metropolis that most of the candidates are promising. These are good ideas but they can only sell to the middle class. What the guys in the slums want is someone who they feel is one of their own and can promise them something like the fare for a train ride to town from Kibera or Dandora will be reduced from 40 shillings,” he said. “The titanic battle for Nairobi governor will be between two classes of people, the rich and the poor. The rich will want someone who will transform Nairobi to suit their social lives like superhighways, metro trains and a better business environment while the poor will someone who will fight for their right. Since politics is a game of numbers, you can bet the poor will win this one and anyone who wants to win will have to sing to this tune,” he added. He noted, however, that there is an absence of women candidates. Already 10 candidates have declared their interest but only four have emerged so far as front runners. Former Mumias Sugar CEO Evans Kidero will fight it out with Philip Kisia for the Orange Democratic Party ticket and the Nairobi Central Business Association chairman Timothy Muriuki will square off with Embakasi MP Ferdinand Waititu for the TNA ticket. Business mogul and the chairman of Dyer and Blair Bank, Jimna Mbaru has kept his cards close to the chest on his strategy although he is rumoured to be a strong contender for the seat. Kidero, a master’s degree holder from the United States International University, will depend on his managerial experience in the corporate world to appeal to the voters. He resigned from his post as the CEO of Mumias Sugar company in order to run for the position. He believes that he is a home-grown solution for the problems the city is facing. Kisia, who resigned as Nairobi town clerk in order to vie for Governor, will tout on his successes as town clerk in his campaign for the seat. He has been the town clerk since 2009 and is credited for bringing order to the city. Like Kidero, he has also set up a campaign secretariat. The entry of Starehe MP Bishop Margarete Wanjiru will complicate things further for the leading aspirants especially in ODM. Apart from being the only woman in the race, she is the current MP for a constituency which is largely a ghetto which might work in her favour. Waititu, the current member of parliament for Embakasi constituency, is a well-known face in city politics. He has been the deputy mayor of Nairobi and a long serving councillor before becoming MP for the most populous constituency. His combative nature may earn him support. He has been involved in leading riots in his vast constituency which critics argue is destroying his image. However his quest might be derailed by hate speech and incitement charges that he is currently facing. Though he has not yet started public campaigns, Jimna Mbaru’s immense wealth and fame in the corporate world may aid him a lot . However, he is not well known politically and it might be difficult for him to market himself, especially to the poor people. Most of the candidates realize that the slums will play a critical role in their quest to be governor. Both Kidero and Kisia have already made several campaign tours to the slums. They both accompanied the prime minister to Kibera when he was commissioning the construction of a new school block for Raila Education Centre. Apart from Mbaru, who has kept a low profile, all the other leading contenders have been seen in the slums from time to time especially Kibera and Mathare. The two largest slums in the city have a combined population of over one million between them which is appealing. The successful candidate as set out in chapter 4 of the Constitution of Kenya 2010 will be in charge of agriculture, health, planning and development, pollution control, public works, roads, transport, public entertainment, soil and water conservation, forestry, trade development and regulation, tourism, animal welfare and cultural activities in the city.

Local media unite to push peace agenda
By Mirror reporter
Local media houses in Kibera will work together during the election period in an effort to promote peaceful elections and to vet the political aspirants. In a workshop on October 24 at Mchanganyiko Hall which was attended by local leaders and representatives from the Ghetto Mirror, Pamoja FM and Map Kibera, the media houses agreed to carry out peace messages on their platforms for the period running up to the general elections in March next year.

The forgotten game
Lack of space and facilities has made street soccer to be a hit in the slums despite the lack of support by government or recognition by FKF.
By Dennis Onyango
Perhaps unknown to many who relish the poor performance of the National soccer team and its low international FIFA rankings another form of football is picking up in the country’s slums especially in the Eastlands section of the capital where there is lack of space and enough soccer facilities. Though still relatively new in the country having started in Graz, Austria in 2003, street soccer - a game associated with the world’s poorest and homeless has become a new craze and is being thought to lead the war against drug abuse, prostitution and crime in the slums. The game is fast becoming popular in Dandora, Mathare, Baba Dogo, Uhuru and Jericho where youth utilize every available open space as a soccer ground. The requirements of a formal football game like field markings, corner flags, a large field, match officials, 11 players on each side or goal apparatus are not necessary. A ball and a number of players who can be divided into two is usually enough. For goal posts, anything ranging from the players shoes or stones are placed on each side and the length of these makeshift posts is decided by the players themselves. However, Huruma stands out as the unofficial capital of street soccer in the country. The Huruma Sta-

8Ghetto Mirror


KPL Division 1 zone A
P 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

IN ACTION: A soccer tournament sponsored by the Mathare Youth Sports Assosciation in Huruma. Even without Government support Kenyan teams have shone in the past in this game Photo: Courtesy
dium is always busy each evening with several teams practicing in a special pitch built by the Mathare Youth Sports Association in 2005. Though not fancy by any standards, the 30 by 30 feet pitch is enclosed by 2 feet wooden barriers and has 5 feet high metal goal posts on either side. The ground is always dusty because of being overused apart from the rainy season when it turns muddy. However a bulk of the Mathare Youth Sports Association (MYSA) street football team that won the Street Football World championships in 2006 by beating Kick Aids team of South Africa 4-3 in the all African final in a tournament which 22 teams took part trains there. The Kenya Homeless Street Soccer Association (KHSSA) also uses the grounds to prepare its national team for international assignments. Last year the KHSA women’s team won the Homeless Street Soccer World championship in France. This is a stark contrast to the national soccer team Harambee Stars that despite being funded by tax payers and with government support it struggles to even qualify for the African Cup of Nation and performs dismally in regional tournaments like the upcoming CECAFA Championship. According to the KHHSA team manager Mohamed Ahmed their main of sponsoring the game aim is creating awareness and inventive strategies to positively combat poverty.

“We use sports as an entry point for social integration.” He says. We want to foster the physical and emotional growth of underprivileged youths.” He adds. The popularity of the game in Huruma is quite high considering the crowds that gather each evening at the stadium to watch the game. The residents say the game helps the youth who are involved to keep off drugs, crime and alcohol. Alfred Kamau, one of the youth who spends his evenings playing the game says it helps him to pass town and to socialise. “Most of the youth who come here have nothing else to do during the evening, and instead of being idle at home why not play football and have fun?” He asks. Another player 17 year old George Ouma who plays for MYSA says the he hardly misses to come play each evening since he aspires to turn professional one day. The great fan of the Kenyan football captain Dennis Oliech believes he is making the right steps in the footballing world. However he hopes the government will give recognition to Street Football and build facilities in the slums where the game is so popular. The Football Kenya Federation does not currently sponsor the game living it to donors and sponsors like Safaricom even though the teams that have represented Kenya in international competitions have won two competitions. This year, KHSSA failed to send a team to defend its title in Mexico last month because of lack of funds. Head coach Peter Mwangi says their previous success had made them get two slots that they had planned to take a boys and girls team but they did not manage. He is confident that they could have won if they were represented. The recognition of the country even prompted Netherlands international football star to visit Mathare and Huruma in 2010 as part of his worldwide street soccer tour. Till that happens, it will be about promoting tolerance, friendship and fighting social vices through football.

TEAM Bandari Bidco United AP Mahakama Admiral Kariobangi Sharks Ligi Ndogo Nairobi Stima Congo JMJ Moyas K.R.A Kibera Celtic Coats United Magongo Rangers KSL Thola Glass Green Berets Gatundu Stars Sparki Youth Iron Strikers Mathare Youth

P 33 32 31 31 30 31 30 30 30 30 30 32 30 30 32 32 33 31 31


W 20 16 17 15 15 15 12 10 11 12 10 8 9 8 8 7 8 10 5


D 10 13 6 10 10 7 11 13 10 6 9 11 7 8 7 8 5 4 9


L 3 3 8 6 5 9 7 7 9 12 11 13 14 14 17 15 20 17 17


PTS 70 61 57 55 55 52 47 43 43 42 39 35 33 32 31 29 29 27 24

KPL Division 1 zone B
P 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

TEAM KK Homeboyz Finlays Agrochemicals Nakuru Alstars Nzoia United W.Kenya Sugar Soin Flourspar Zoo Kericho GFC 105 Rush FC Longonot Kisumu Municipal Shabana Timsales FC Utawala Karungu Comply Outgrowers Yanga HBC Milimani

P 33 33 32 32 31 32 33 32 32 31 31 33 29 32 31 33 32 31 32


W 23 23 23 21 20 18 15 15 12 12 13 10 11 9 9 7 7 7 2


D 9 6 3 6 4 6 9 5 7 6 3 9 5 10 7 8 7 3 4


L 1 4 6 5 7 8 9 12 13 13 15 14 13 13 15 18 18 21 26


PTS 78 75 72 69 64 60 54 50 43 42 42 39 38 37 34 29 28 24 10

Nairobi Provincial League
P 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 TEAM Jericho All Stars Nakumatt FC Eistleigh Youth Kibera Black Stars Fisa FC Bedjos FC Forest Service Uprising FC Kemri FC Dandora Youth FC Black Mamba FC KNH Makarios III ST. Johns FC Baba Dogo Unt Hruma Youth FC Re Union Umoja Renegades FC Sid P 38 38 38 38 38 38 38 38 38 38 38 37 37 38 38 37 38 36 38 W 24 26 20 21 20 19 18 17 17 13 14 13 13 13 13 13 11 9 7 D 11 3 12 9 9 9 11 9 8 11 7 8 6 10 4 4 9 5 4 6 L 3 9 2 8 9 10 9 12 16 14 17 16 18 14 21 20 18 24 27 PTS 83 81 72 72 69 66 65 60 59 50 49 47 45 44 43 43 42 32 25

NAIROBI in numbers
number of documented slums

Dont steal to gamble, Councillor advises

2.5 mil

Become a Ghetto Mirror citizen journalist by telling us what is happening in your neighbourhood by posting on our wall and we will follow it


people who call slums their home


truly focuses on the slums


20 Pioneer United

38 5

27 21

By Maurice Adienge Utalii Ward Councillor, Wilson Ochola has urged the youth in Mathare to stop stealing from other people in order to gamble as it is damaging their reputation. This comes after two pool centres in the area were burnt down by irrate residents who claimed that

Ghetto Mirror

they were harbouring criminals and encouraging the youth to be lazy. Ocholla was speaking when he sponsored a pool tournament (part of the action pictured above) in his ward where the winner took home 20,000 shillings in cash. Of late the residents have been complaining that they are being robbed by youth who play the game.

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The Ghetto Mirror, is a monthly newspaper published and distributed for free by Shining Hope For Communities as part of its programs aimed at empowering the youth through developing their media skills and also to bring attention to the issues affecting the residents of the informal settlements. All the work that goes into production of this newspaper is done by youth from the slums. Correspondence should be addressed to You can also visit our Facebook page: for constant news updates, photos and videos . News and advertising: 0721689996, 020-2329661