James Warren "Jim" Jones (May 13, 1931 – November 18, 1978) was the founder and leader of the Peoples
Temple, best known for the mass suicide in 1978 of 914 of its members in Jonestown, Guyana, and the murder of five individuals at a nearby airstrip. Over 200 children were murdered at Jonestown, almost all of them by cyanide poisoning.
Jones was born in Indiana and started the Temple there in the 1950s. He later moved to California, and both gained notoriety with the move of the Temple's headquarters to San Francisco in the mid-1970s.
The incident in Guyana ranks among the largest mass suicides in history, though most likely it involved forced suicide and/or murder, and was the single greatest loss of American civilian life in a non-natural disaster until the events of September 11, 2001. Among the dead was Leo Ryan, who remains the only Congressman assassinated in the line of duty in US history.
Contents [hide] 1 Early life 2 Building the Temple 2.1 Indiana beginnings 2.2 Integrationist 2.3 Jones' "Rainbow Family" 2.4 Asylum 2.5 California Eden 2.6 Move to San Francisco
3 Jonestown's formation and operation 3.1 New children 3.2 Pressure and waning political support
4 Visit by Congressman Ryan, murders 4.1 Port Kaituma Airstrip shootings 4.2 Deaths in Jonestown
5 Other issues 6 Family aftermath 7 Movies 7.1 Documentaries 7.2 Dramas
8 See also 9 References 10 External links
Jones's mother, Lynetta Putnam Jones Jim Jones was born in a rural area of Randolph County, Indiana, near its border with Ohio, to James Thurman Jones (May 31, 1887 – May 29, 1951), a World War I veteran, and Lynetta Putnam (April 16, 1902 – December 11, 1977), who believed she had given birth to a messiah. He was of Irish and Welsh descent. Jones later claimed partial Cherokee ancestry through his mother, though according to his maternal second cousin Barbara Shaffer, this is likely untrue.[note 1] Economic difficulties during the Great Depression necessitated that Jones' family move to nearby Lynn, Indiana, in 1934
where a speech by Eleanor Roosevelt about the plight of African Americans impressed him. Jones frequently held funerals for small animals and had reportedly stabbed a cat to death. Mahatma Gandhi and Adolf Hitler carefully. he grew up in a shack without plumbing. Karl Marx.
Building the Temple
Further information: Peoples Temple
. He graduated from Richmond High School early and with honors in December 1948. noting each of their strengths and weaknesses. he moved with his mother to Richmond. childhood acquaintances recalled Jones as being a "really weird kid" who was "obsessed with religion . Jim Jones and a childhood friend both claimed that Jones' father was associated with the Ku Klux Klan. In 1951. Jones moved to Indianapolis.
In interviews for the 2006 documentary Jonestown: The Life and Death of Peoples Temple..where.
Jones was a voracious reader as a child and studied Joseph Stalin. He attended Indiana University at Bloomington. earning a degree in secondary education in 1961..
Jones married nurse Marceline Baldwin in 1949. Indiana. Jones' sympathetic statements about communism offended Marceline's grandmother. They alleged that as a child. and moved to Bloomington. obsessed with death". where he attended night school at Butler University. After Jones' parents separated. Indiana.
 He observed that it attracted people and their money and concluded that. especially during the trial of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. To draw the crowds.Jones's first church in Indianapolis. and began attending meetings and rallies in Indianapolis. This frustration. William M. Jim needed a religious headliner. He became flustered with harassment he received during the McCarthy Hearings. Jones became a student pastor in Sommerset Southside Methodist Church. infiltrate the church. particularly regarding an event he attended with his mother focusing on Paul Robeson. The People's Temple was initially made as an inter-racial mission. Branham.
Jones moved away from the Communist Party when CPUSA members became critical of some of the policies of former Soviet leader Joseph Stalin. though initially he vacillated on his church of choice. Jones became a member of the Communist Party USA. provoked a seminal moment for Jones in which he asked himself "how can I demonstrate my Marxism? The thought was. among other things. which changed names until it became the Peoples Temple Christian Church Full Gospel. but claims he left that church because its leaders barred him from integrating blacks into his congregation.
Jones' interest in religion began during his childhood. Jones witnessed a faith-healing service at the Seventh Day Baptist Church. Around this time. Indiana In 1951. after which she was harassed by the FBI in front of her co-workers for attending.
Jones then began his own church. with financial resources from such healings. a healing evangelist and religious author as highly revered by some as Oral Roberts and Billy Graham. 1956. In 1952. He also became frustrated with ostracism of open communists in the United States. in a cavernous Indianapolis hall called Cadle Tabernacle. and so he arranged to share the pulpit with Rev.
Jones organized a mammoth religious convention to take place June 11 through June 15. Jones was surprised when a Methodist superintendent helped him to get a start in the church even though he knew Jones to be a communist and Jones did not meet him through the Communist Party. he could help accomplish his social goals. primarily because he found making friends difficult.
a theater. and climaxed with "Let my people go!"
During this time. restaurants." Jones portrayed the Temple overall as a "rainbow family. When the mayor and other commissioners asked Jones to curtail his public actions. After swastikas were painted on the homes of two African American families. When Jones was accidentally placed in the black ward of a hospital after a collapse in 1961. Jones also helped to integrate churches. a stick of dynamite was left in a Temple coal pile. Jones ignored Boswell's advice to keep a low profile. he resisted and was wildly cheered at a meeting of the NAACP and Urban League when he yelled for his audience to be more militant. in order to prevent white flight. Jones personally walked the neighborhood comforting African Americans and counseling white families not to move.
Jones' "Rainbow Family"
Brochure of the Peoples Temple. A swastika was placed on the Temple. Indianapolis Democratic Mayor Charles Boswell appointed Jones director of the Human Rights Commission. Other incidents occurred. he refused to be moved and began to make the beds. the police department. Political pressures resulting from Jones' actions caused hospital officials to desegregate the wards. portraying leader Jim Jones as the father of the "Rainbow Family" Jim and Marceline Jones adopted several children of at least partial non-Caucasian ancestry. and the Methodist Hospital.
Jones received considerable criticism in Indiana for his integrationist views. an amusement park. and empty the bed pans of black patients. though some suspect that Jones himself may have been involved in at least some of them. He also set up stings to catch restaurants refusing to serve African American customers and wrote to American Nazi leaders then leaked their responses to the media. and a dead cat was thrown at Jones' house after a threatening phone call."
.In 1960. finding new outlets for his views on local radio and television programs. the telephone company. he referred to the clan as his "rainbow family. White-owned businesses and locals were critical of him." and stated: "Integration is a more personal thing with me now. It's a question of my son's future.
who was white. Stephan Gandhi Jones. was originally named Timothy Glen Tupper.
Rio de Janeiro
. calling it the "war of liberation" and stating that "the south is a living example of all that socialism in the north has overcome. in 1961. Suzanne Jones was adopted at the age of six in 1959. Jones had been encouraging Temple members to adopt orphans from war ravaged Korea. Jones had long been critical of the United States' opposition to communist leader Kim Il-Sung's 1950 invasion of South Korea. Jr. Tim Jones." In 1954. he and his wife also adopted Agnes Jones. the Joneses became the first white couple in Indiana to adopt a black child.
Two years later. Marceline was once spat upon while she carried Jim Jr. the couple had their only biological child.The couple adopted three children of Korean-American ancestry: Lew. named Tim. Agnes was 11 at the time of her adoption.
The couple also adopted another son. In June 1959. whose birth mother was a member of the Peoples Temple. Suzanne and Stephanie. James Warren Jones. who was partly of Native American descent.
Jones' Brazilian locations
After a 1961 Temple speech about nuclear apocalypse. in mid-1963. Jones also explored local Brazilian religion. the Joneses rented a modest three bedroom home. Jones traveled with his family to the Brazilian city with the idea of setting up a new Temple location. There. though language remained a barrier.
Jones was plagued by guilt for leaving behind the Indiana civil rights struggle and possibly losing what he had struggled to build there.
After becoming frustrated with the lack of resources in the locale.
. and spoke of an apostolic communal lifestyle rather than of Castro or Marx. When Jones' associate preachers in Indiana told him that the Temple was about to collapse without him.
On his way to Brazil. the Joneses moved to Rio de Janeiro. they worked with the poor in Rio's slums. Brazil. and a January 1962 Esquire Magazine article listing Belo Horizonte. Jones was careful not to portray himself as a communist in a foreign territory. Jones returned. After arriving in Belo Horizonte. Jones made his first trip into Guyana. as a safe place in a nuclear war. Jones studied the local economy and receptiveness of racial minorities to his message.
you're not born in sin. and that the Temple must move to Northern California for safety. In the documentary Jonestown: The Life and Death of Peoples Temple. By the late 1960s. as well as Jesus of Nazareth. also began preaching that he was the reincarnation of Mahatma Gandhi (died 1948). before the late 1960s Jones chose to conceal that his gospel was actually communism. racist America."
By the early 1970s. I'll be your friend. I'll be your father. Specifically. Jr. "those who remained drugged with the opiate of religion had to be brought to enlightenment — socialism. former Temple member Hue Fortson. that would then create a new socialist Eden on earth. "What you need to believe in is what you can see .Sacramento
Some of the Peoples Temple's California locations
After Jones' return to Indiana from Brazil. Buddha and Vladimir Lenin." Jones often mixed those concepts. But if you're born in socialism. Jones began at least partially openly revealing in Temple sermons his "Apostolic Socialism" concept. If you see me as your savior. Jones claimed that the world would be engulfed in a nuclear war on July 15."
. 1967. Jones began deriding traditional Christianity as "fly away religion. If you see me as your friend. in 1965. such as preaching that "If you're born in capitalist America. then you're born in sin. I'll be your God.. quoted Jones as saying. If you see me as your God.. Accordingly. for those of you that don't have a father . California. near Ukiah. fascist America.
While Jones always spoke of the social gospel's virtues... I'll be your savior. born 1931. Father Divine (died 1965)." rejecting the Bible as being white men’s justification to subordinate women and subjugate people of color and stating that it spoke of a "Sky God" who was no God at all." criticizing the King James Bible. Jones authored a booklet titled "The Letter Killeth. the Temple began moving to Redwood Valley. Jones. As you see me as your father.
who spoke at political rallies at the Temple.
In September 1977. Albert Einstein. Moscone appointed Jones as the Chairman of the San Francisco Housing Authority Commission. and spoke with him at the grand opening of the San Francisco Democratic Party Headquarters where Jones garnered louder applause than Mrs.
Unlike most other figures deemed as cult leaders. "You're gonna help yourself. Carter." and had slammed the Bible on the table yelling "I've got to destroy this paper idol!" In one sermon. For example. while introducing Jones. Jones said that. by 1977 Marceline Jones admitted to the New York Times that.. Jones began openly admitting even to outsiders that he was an atheist. Willie Brown stated "Let me present to you what you should see every day when you look in the mirror in the early morning hours. After the Temple served an important role in the mayoral election victory of George Moscone in 1975. Let me present to you a combination of Martin King. It may take me many a day to come back down from the high that I reach today." Harvey Milk. Willie Brown served as master of ceremonies at a large testimonial dinner for Jones attended by Governor Jerry Brown and Lieutenant Governor Mervyn Dymally and other political figures. I found something dear
.By the spring of 1976. She stated that "Jim used religion to try to get some people out of the opiate of religion. Despite the Temple's fear that the IRS was investigating its religious tax exemption. Jim Jones realized that the way to achieve social change through Marxism in the United States was to mobilize people through religion. First Lady Rosalynn Carter also personally met with Jones on multiple occasions. At that dinner. as early as age 18 when he watched his then idol Mao Zedong overthrow the Chinese government. Chairman Mao. or you'll get no help! There's only one hope of glory.. Jones was able to gain public support and contact with prominent local and national United States politicians... Jones and Moscone met privately with vice presidential candidate Walter Mondale on his campaign plane days before the 1976 election and Mondale publicly praised the Temple. corresponded with him about Cuba. and wrote to Jones after a visit to the Temple: "Rev Jim. that's within you! Nobody's gonna come out of the sky! There's no heaven up there! We'll have to make heaven down here!"
Move to San Francisco
Main article: Peoples Temple in San Francisco
The move of Peoples Temple headquarters to San Francisco in 1975 invigorated Jones' political career. Angela Davis..
I shall be back. Jones hosted San Francisco radical political figures such as Angela Davis for discussions.
While Jones forged media alliances with key columnists and others at the San Francisco Chronicle and other media outlets. Jones and several hundred Temple members moved to the Temple's "Agricultural Project" in Guyana after they learned of the contents of Kilduff's article to be published in which former Temple members claimed they were physically. the move to San Francisco also brought increasing media scrutiny. He spoke with friend and San Francisco Sun-Reporter publisher Dr."
In his San Francisco Temple apartment.today. emotionally. I found what you wanted me to find. Carlton Goodlett about Jones' remorse regarding not being able to travel to socialist countries such as Peoples Republic of China and the Soviet Union. Jones also enjoyed a favorable relationship with Warith Deen Muhammed. After his criticisms caused increased tensions with the Nation of Islam.
Jonestown's formation and operation
. I found a sense of being that makes up for all the hours and energy placed in a fight. After Chronicle reporter Marshall Kilduff encountered resistance to publishing an exposé. Jones named the settlement Jonestown after himself. son of Nation of Islam leader Elijah Muhammad. For I can never leave. and sexually abused. speculating that he could be Chief Dairyman of the Soviet Union. In the summer of 1977. Jones spoke at a huge rally healing the rift between the two groups in the Los Angeles Convention Center attended by many of Jones' closest political acquaintances. he brought his story to New West Magazine.
Cuba. because he was not needed for recruitment and he could not hide his drug addiction from rank and file members. North Korea and other communist states. Jones did not permit members to leave Jonestown. In spite of the allegations prior to Jones' departure to Jonestown. the leader was still respected by some for setting up a racially mixed church which helped the disadvantaged. Guyana)
Jones had first started building Jonestown in 1970 as a means to create both a "socialist paradise" and a "sanctuary" from the media scrutiny which had started in 1972. Jones purported to establish Jonestown as a benevolent model communist community stating. Here they also established a cooperative called the "People's Temple Agricultural Project".
. Jonestown was where Jones began his belief called "Translation" where he and his followers would all die together and move to another planet and live blissfully.
Religious scholar Mary McCormick Maaga argues that Jones' authority decreased after he moved to the isolated commune. like the restrictive emigration policies of the then Soviet Union." In that regard. "I believe we’re the purest communists there are.Georgetown
Peoples Temple Agricultural Project ("Jonestown". 68 percent of Jonestown's residents were black. Regarding the former goal.
the Temple kept John Stoen in Jonestown. also attended by
. After Grace Stoen later defected in 1976 and began divorce proceedings against Tim Stoen in 1977. some did not. The custody dispute over John Stoen would become a linchpin of several battles between the Temple and the Concerned Relatives.
Pressure and waning political support
Further information: Timothy Stoen and Peoples Temple in San Francisco
Congressional Pictorial of Leo Ryan While most of Jones' political allies broke ties after Jones' departure. in 1971. The Temple repeatedly claimed that Jones fathered the child when. in order to avoid potentially giving up the boy in a custody dispute with Grace. although the birth certificate lists Grace and Timothy Stoen as the parents of the boy. As a show of support. Willie Brown spoke out against enemies at a rally at the Peoples Temple. Jim Jon (Kimo).Kimo (left) and John (right) Jim Jones claimed that he was the biological father of John Victor Stoen. a Temple member. with Carolyn Louise Moore Layton.
Jim Jones also fathered a son. Jones ordered Tim to take John to Guyana in February 1977.
After purported father Tim Stoen defected from the Temple in June 1977. Temple member Tim Stoen had requested that Jones have sex with Grace Stoen to keep her from defecting.
Tim Stoen and other relatives in Jonestown formed a "Concerned Relatives" group. on February 19. and wrote a "white paper" to Congress detailing the dispute and pressing for Congressional correspondence. including Leo Ryan and State Department officials.C. Jones reputation" with "apparent bold-faced lies. Milk wrote he was "attempting to damage Rev." Regarding the leader of those attempting to extricate relatives from Jonestown. referring to a fugitive Black Panther who was able to return to the United States after repairing his reputation.
Facing increasing scrutiny.
Amidst growing pressure in the United States to investigate the Temple. Jones also hired noted JFK assassination conspiracy theorists Mark Lane and Donald Freed to help make the case of a "grand conspiracy" by intelligence agencies against the Peoples Temple.Harvey Milk and Art Agnos. Harvey Milk wrote a letter of support for the Peoples Temple to President Jimmy Carter. who wrote a letter on Stoen's behalf to Guyanese Prime Minister Forbes Burnham. In June 1978. escaped Temple member Deborah Layton provided the group with a further affidavit detailing alleged crimes by the Peoples Temple and substandard living conditions in Jonestown. Stoen's efforts aroused the curiosity of Ryan.
Visit by Congressman Ryan. the Concerned Relatives distributed a packet of documents. in the summer of 1978. in January 1978 to visit with Congressmen. Moscone's office shortly thereafter issued a press release saying that Jones had broken no laws. Stoen traveled to Washington D. James Warren Jones" to the Peoples Temple. Jones told Lane he wanted to "pull an Eldridge Cleaver". including letters and affidavits. 1978. that they titled an "Accusation of Human Rights Violations by Rev. Milk wrote that Jones was known "as a man of the highest character.
In the Fall of 1977."
On April 11. 1978. murders
. Therein. Most importantly for Jones and the Temple. members of the press and members of Congress.
an NBC cameraman and reporters for various newspapers.Entrance to Jonestown In November 1978. Congressman Ryan and his people succeeded in taking with them fifteen People's Temple members who had expressed a wish to leave. an NBC sound engineer. mostly in and around a pavilion. At the same time. a San Francisco Examiner reporter. Ron Javers. Jones made no attempt to prevent their departure. No video was taken during the mass suicide. The delegation left hurriedly the afternoon of November 18 after Temple member Don Sly attacked Ryan with a knife. Larry Layton. and Temple member Patricia Parks. drew a weapon and began firing on members of the party that had already boarded a small Cessna. died of apparent cyanide poisoning. The guards killed Congressman Ryan and four others near a twin engine Otter aircraft. On November 17. Tim Reiterman. a cameraman from NBC. a Washington Post reporter. 909 inhabitants of Jonestown. one of the supposed defectors. U. though the FBI did recover a 45 minute audio recording of the suicide in progress. Ryan's delegation traveled by airplane to Jonestown. An NBC cameraman was able to capture footage of the first few seconds of the shooting at the Otter. bringing the visit to an abrupt end. Bob Brown. The five killed at the airstrip were Congressman Ryan. and several defecting Temple members. Don Harris. Congressman Leo Ryan led a fact-finding mission to Jonestown to investigate allegations of human rights abuses. Don Harris.
. Richard Dwyer. then a staff member for Ryan. The group arrived in Georgetown on November 15.
Deaths in Jonestown
Later that same day. Embassy at Georgetown. Bob Flick. Steve Sung. 2001 attacks. Ryan's delegation included relatives of Temple members. This resulted in the greatest single loss of American civilian life in a non-natural disaster until the September 11. the Deputy Chief of Mission from the U. 303 of them children. a reporter from NBC. Surviving the attack were future Congresswoman Jackie Speier.
Port Kaituma Airstrip shootings
As members of Ryan's delegation boarded two planes at the airstrip. At that time. San Francisco Examiner photographer Greg Robinson. a San Francisco Chronicle reporter. Jones' "Red Brigade" armed guards arrived in a tractor-pulled trailer and began shooting at the delegation. Charles Krause. The attack was thwarted. an NBC network news reporter.S. a producer for NBC News.S.
Jones concludes: "We didn't commit suicide. later released video made to show the best of Jonestown shows Jones opening a storage container full of Kool-Aid in large quantities. When members apparently cried." At the end of the tape. No way for us to die. One member. they'll torture some of our people here. Jones and several members argued that the group should commit "revolutionary suicide" by drinking cyanide-laced grape-flavored Flavor Aid (not Kool-Aid despite the popular phrase). This may have been what was used to mix the "potion" (as was referred to in several statements obtained by the FBI in the final tape recordings) along with a sedative."
Christine Miller Given that reasoning. Mass suicide had been previously discussed in simulated events called "White Nights" on a regular basis. The reason given by Jones to commit suicide was consistent with his previously stated conspiracy theories of intelligence organizations allegedly conspiring against the Temple. would not take them after the Temple had murdered Ryan and four others at a nearby airstrip. Jones tells Temple members that the Soviet Union." "shoot some of our innocent babies" and "they'll torture our children. This is not the way for people who are Socialists or Communists to die. During at least one such prior White Night." Jones can be heard saying. Jones counseled. they're gonna just let them grow up and be dummies.
Jones was found dead in a deck chair with a gunshot wound to his head that Guyanese coroner Cyrill Mootoo stated was consistent with a self-inflicted gun wound. that men would "parachute in here on us. dissents toward the beginning of the tape. However. Christine Miller. we committed an act of revolutionary suicide protesting the conditions of an inhumane world. "Stop this hysterics. one temple member states "the ones that they take captured. "Don't be afraid to die. We must die with some dignity. Jones' son Stephan believes his father may have directed someone else to shoot him. An autopsy of Jones' body also
." According to escaping Temple members. they'll torture our seniors.On that tape." that death is "just stepping over into another plane" and that it's "a friend. However. children were given the drink first and families were told to lie down together. members drank liquid that Jones falsely told them was poison." Parroting Jones' prior statements that hostile forces would convert captured children to fascism. with whom the Temple had been negotiating a potential exodus for months.
purportedly to connect them symbolically with him (Jones).
While Jones banned sex among Temple members outside of marriage. Jones was arrested and charged with soliciting a man for sex in a movie theater bathroom known for homosexual activity. Jones' drug usage (including LSD and marijuana) was confirmed by his son. however. Jones is on record as later telling his followers that he was "the only true heterosexual". but at least one account exists of his sexual abuse of a male member of his congregation in front of the followers. claimed that he detested engaging in homosexual activity and did so only for the male temple adherents' own good. and Jones' doctor in San Francisco. The man was an undercover Los Angeles Police Department vice officer. 1973.
One of Jones' sources of inspiration was the controversial International Peace Mission movement leader Father Divine. Jones. Stephan. Jones had borrowed the term "revolutionary suicide" from Black Panther leader and Peoples Temple supporter Huey Newton who had argued "the slow suicide of life in the ghetto" ought to be replaced by revolutionary struggle that would end only in victory (socialism and selfdetermination) or revolutionary suicide (death).showed levels of the barbiturate Pentobarbital which may have been lethal to humans who had not developed physiological tolerance.
Family aftermath Marceline
Marceline (Marcy) Jones
. he himself voraciously engaged in sexual relations with both male and female Temple members. in MacArthur Park in Los Angeles.
On December 13. ostensibly to prove the man's own homosexual tendencies.
 biological brother. which consisted of his three biological sisters. Jim Jr. interrogating them about the deaths in Georgetown. Suzanne. Guyanese soldiers kept the Jones brothers under house arrest for five days. The Guyanese soldiers guarding the embassy refused to let them in after hearing about the shootings at the Port Kaituma airstrip. Marceline. all died at Jonestown. Jim Jr.
Lew Jones. and biological mother. and Tim Jones Stephan. was found poisoned at the pavilion.Jim Jones' wife. Marceline had taken reporters on a tour of Jonestown. At the time of events in Jonestown. Three days before the tragedy. Stephan. Tim's biological family. Terry and Chaeoke
. On the final morning of Ryan's visit. Later. Stephan. was eighteen. was placed under police surveillance for several months while he lived with his older sister. Stephan Jones refused. drove to the American Embassy in Guyana in an attempt to receive help. the Tuppers. another member of the Peoples Temple basketball team.
During the events at Jonestown. the three returned to the Temple's headquarters in Georgetown to find the bodies of Sharon Amos and her three children. Jim Jones Jr. Stephan and Tim were both nineteen and Jim Jones Jr. Stephan Jones was accused of being involved in the Georgetown deaths. Tim. were asked to go to Jonestown and help identify the bodies of people who had died. and Jim Jones Jr. who had previously turned against the Temple. to comply with an order by his father to return the team to Jonestown for Ryan's visit. Tim Jones and Johnny Cobb. and Tim Jones did not take part in the mass suicide because they were playing with the Peoples Temple basketball team against the Guyanese national team in Georgetown. and was placed in a Guyanese prison for three months.. over the radio. After returning to the United States.
he appeared in the documentary Witness to Jonestown where he responds to rare footage shot inside the People's Temple. who lost his wife and unborn child at Jonestown. including the logistics of possibly murdering him.Agnes Jones
Kimo When Jonestown was first being established. Marceline Jones directed that the Jones' funds were to be given to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and specified: "I especially request that none of these are allowed to get into the hands of my adopted daughter. In a signed note found at the time of her death." as well as a discussion over whether the Temple
. Agnes Jones was thirty-five years old at the time of her death.. John Stoen and Kimo Specific references to Tim Stoen. Stephan Jones had originally avoided two attempts by his father to relocate to the settlement. Jones referred to Suzanne openly as "my goddamned. He stated he will not watch the documentary and has never grieved for his father. One year later. After this decision to abandon the Temple. no good for nothing daughter" and stated that she was not to be trusted. Stephan Jones is now a businessman." Cartmell had two children and died of colon cancer in November 2006. are made on the Temple's final "death tape. and married with three daughters. Jim Jones Jr. Lew Jones. Suzanne Jones Cartmell. both turned against the Temple and were not in Jonestown on November 18. Her husband and four children all died at Jonestown. died alongside his wife Terry and son Chaeoke. He has since said that he gave into his father's wishes to move to Jonestown because of his mother. Stephanie Jones had died at age five in a car accident. Lew. Agnes and Suzanne Jones Lew and Agnes Jones both died at Jonestown. 1978. He remarried and has three sons from this marriage. a highschool basketball star who went on to play for the University of San Diego before transferring to Saint Mary's College of California. He eventually moved to Jonestown after a third and final attempt. He appeared in the documentary Jonestown: Paradise Lost which aired on the History Channel and Discovery Channel.
Suzanne Jones married Mike Cartmell. returned to San Francisco. who was twenty-one years old at the time of his death. the father of John Stoen. including Rob Jones.
should include John Stoen among those committing "revolutionary suicide. died during the events at Jonestown.Fact-based drama
See also Cult suicide Doomsday cult List of people who have claimed to be Jesus List of Buddha claimants
References Explanatory notes 1. Robert.
Documentaries Jonestown: Paradise Lost (2007) Jonestown: The Life and Death of Peoples Temple (2006)
Dramas Guyana: Crime of the Century aka Guyana: Cult of the Damned (1979) . Carolyn Louise Moore Layton. John Stoen was found poisoned in Jim Jones' cabin.^ While Jim Jones claimed to be partially of Cherokee descent through his mother Lynetta.
Both Jim Jon (Kimo) and his mother. "How Rev. this story was apparently not true. Jim Jones and Black Spencer Gained His Power
." At Jonestown. (Lindsay.Fictionalized exploitation film (Depicted as "Reverend James Johnson") Guyana Tragedy: The Story of Jim Jones (1980) .
Over Followers". Jonestown Institute. Marshall and Javers. October 2007. 14. November 26.^ Reiterman & Jacobs 1982. Jeff (December 16.^ a b Hall 1987. 9–10 7.^ Reiterman & Jacobs 1982.^ Jones. Shaffer said that Lynetta was Welsh. retrieved October 10. Gale. James.^ a b Reiterman & Jacobs 1982. 27 12. pp.^ a b Jones.Archived 13 February 2011 at WebCite 2. Jim (1931 . Jim Jones Gained His Power Over Followers". 10. p. (Kilduff. 5 9. Bantam Books.^ Hall 1987. 24 11.org. New York Times. Jim. 2012 3.1978) American Cult Leader. Jonestown Project: San Diego State University. December 4.^ a b c Jonestown: The Life and Death of Peoples Temple. 20 February 2007. Los Angeles Times 4. p. p. World of Criminal Justice.org. November 26.^ Brazil.." Alternative Considerations of Jonestown and Peoples Temple.Timeline. "Jim Jones Always Led — Or Wouldn't Play". 1978). p. 1978). p. Marshall and Ron Javers.^ a b Jones.. Citations 1. "Transcript of Recovered FBI tape Q 622. San Francisco Chronicle. Jonestown's Horror Fades but Mystery Remain.^ Knoll. "Transcript of Recovered FBI tape Q 134. Ron.^ a b c Horrock." (Lindsay." PBS. p. American Experience. Lynetta's cousin Barbara Shaffer said "there wasn't an ounce of Indian in our family. 15.] 17. ("Jones—The Dark Private Side Emerges". The Suicide Cult. Jonestown Project: San Diego State University. Mass Suicide & the Jonestown Tragedy: Literature Summary. PBS. 33 13. Robert.^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Wessinger 2000 16. 1978
.^ Levi 1982 6. New York Times. The birth records for Lynetta have since been lost. 1999). December 17. November 24. 1978). 8. 10. Nicholas M. San Diego State University. "Communist in 1950s". New York Times. Jim in conversation with John Maher. "How Rev." Alternative Considerations of Jonestown and Peoples Temple. 1978.^ a b c Kilduff.^ a b Reiterman & Jacobs 1982. 3 5.^ a b c "Jonestown: The Life and Death of Peoples Temple . Los Angeles Times. 1978).
83 36. pp. "How Rev. p. 71 21. Jim. 72 22.^ Reiterman & Jacobs 1982. 25. p.^ a b c Reiterman & Jacobs 1982." Alternative Considerations of Jonestown and Peoples Temple. Jonestown Project: San Diego State University. 20 February 2007.org. p. p.^ a b c d Reiterman & Jacobs 1982.^ Reiterman & Jacobs 1982. 76 23. p.^ Jones.^ Reiterman & Jacobs 1982. 65 24. p. p.org.^ Reiterman & Jacobs 1982.^ a b c Reiterman & Jacobs 1982. p.^ Reiterman & Jacobs 1982. 68 19. 82 35.^ Reiterman & Jacobs 1982. p.^ Reiterman & Jacobs 1982. 53
. 1978 39. November 26. Jim Jones Gained His Power Over Followers. 29. 78 32." Alternative Considerations of Jonestown and Peoples Temple. 85–86 38.People & Events PBS. p.Race and the Peoples Temple. 84 37. p. pp. 20 February 2007.^ Reiterman & Jacobs 1982.^ a b "The Wills of Jim Jones and Marceline Jones. 76–77 31.^ a b c New York Times. p. 69 20.^ a b Reiterman & Jacobs 1982. "Transcript of Recovered FBI tape Q 1023.^ Reiterman & Jacobs 1982." PBS. 79 33. 63 26. San Diego State University. p.^ "Jonestown: The Life and Death of Peoples Temple . 30.^ Layton 1998." Robert Lindsay.18. p. 27.^ a b c Jonestown: The Life and Death of Peoples Temple .^ a b c d e Wessinger 2000 28.^ Reiterman & Jacobs 1982. 81 34.^ Reiterman & Jacobs 1982.
285. pp. 306. Mondale. p.^ Jones. Jim in conversation with John Maher. Rebecca and Fielding M. 282 56. San Diego State University. 314 58. Notes on Peoples Temple. Jonestown Institute at SDSU 53. The Need for a Second Look at Jonestown.". 42. Jim. Jonestown Project: San Diego State University.org.g..^ Layton 1998. 308 50.^ a b Reiterman & Jacobs 1982. p. 11 December 1978. "Transcript of Recovered FBI tape Q 622. 51. "Transcript of Recovered FBI tape Q 799. Carlton B. The Advocate.^ Reiterman & Jacobs 1982. Edwin Mellen Press. 302–304 45.^ See." Alternative Considerations of Jonestown and Peoples Temple. "The Letter Killeth. November 21. 105 49. 132
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Q 042 The "Jonestown Death Tape". Reiterman. Putnam's Sons. London.Hall. Hearing the voices of Jonestown. Syracuse University Press. ISBN 0-385-48984-6 Levi. Raven: The Untold Story of Rev. How the Millennium Comes Violently: From Jonestown to Heaven's Gate. Violence and Religious Commitment Maaga. 1998. Jacobs. Seductive Poison. Hamish Hamilton. Black & White. Transaction Publisers. Gone from the Promised Land. Seven Bridges Press. George and Sherman Butler. ISBN 08156-0515-3. G. Layton. Tom. Dutton. 1980. From Silver Lake to Suicide: One Family's Secret History of the Jonestown Massacre
. Jim Jones and His People. John R. 1980. Deborah (1999). History Channel Video and Stills Isaacson. Catherine (2000). ISBN 0-525-24136-1 Wessinger. Shiva. The Cult That Died.P. ISBN 978-1-889119-24-3
Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Jim Jones
The Jonestown Institute FBI No. Naipaul. Anchor Books. Ken (1982). (1987). ISBN 0-39912540-X. Recorded 18 November 1978 (Internet Archive) Transcript of Jones' final speech. Mary McCormick. ISBN 0-88738-124-3 Klineman. just before the mass suicide The first part of a series of articles about Jim Jones published in the San Francisco Examiner in 1972. ISBN 0-241-10337-1. John (1982). Barry.
Published Sunday. Utopian nightmare Jonestown: What did we learn? Larry D. Published Thursday. San Francisco Chronicle staff writer. San Francisco Chronicle religion writer. Jones Captivated S. Inside Peoples Temple Marshall Kilduff and Phil Tracy. Published Friday. San Francisco Chronicle staff writer. August 1. shown on PBS Jonestown: 25 Years Later How spiritual journey ended in destruction: Jim Jones led his flock to death in jungle by Michael Taylor. And Surviving the Heart of Darkness: Twenty years later. of The Examiner staff. 1998. 1998. And Most Peoples Temple Documents Still Sealed by Michael Taylor and Don Lattin. American Experience documentary. November 12. 2008.F. November 8. Gregory Lewis and Eric Brazil of The Examiner staff and Examiner Librarian Judy Canter contributed to this report. Rapaport. Published Thursday. Published Monday.
. November 12. Used by permission of authors for the San Francisco Chronicle.'s Liberal Elite: They were late to discover how cunningly he curried favor by Michael Taylor. November 13.Mass Suicide at Jonestown: 30 Years Later. San Francisco Chronicle staff writer. 1998. Berkeley Rep takes on the challenge of coming to terms with it. Jonestown and City Hall slayings eerily linked in time and memory Both events continue to haunt city a quarter century later Nakao. And [Haunted by Memories of Hell ] by Kevin Fagan. Hatfield. Time magazine Jonestown 30 Years Later photo gallery published Friday. San Francisco Chronicle staff writer. Jackie Speier remembers how her companions and rum helped her endure the night of the Jonestown massacre by Maitland Zane. 1998. "Jonestown: The Life And Death Of Peoples Temple". Annie. October 17. San Francisco Chronicle staff writers. All stories were included in the second part of a two-part series. The End To Innocent Acceptance Of Sects Sharper scrutiny is Jonestown legacy by Don Lattin. 1977. Richard. Both stories were included in the first of a two-part series.The ghastly Peoples Temple deaths shocked the world.