November 2012

Core Epidemiology Slides

Global summary of the AIDS epidemic  2011

Number of people
living with HIV

Total
Adults
Women
Children (<15 years)

34.0 million [31.4 million–35.9 million]
30.7 million [28.2 million–32.3 million]
16.7 million [15.4 million–17.6 million]
3.3 million [3.1 million–3.8 million]

People newly infected
with HIV in 2011

Total 2.5 million [2.2 million–2.8 million]
Adults 2.2 million [1.9 million–2.4 million]
Children (<15 years) 330 000 [280 000–390 000]

AIDS deaths in 2011

Total 1.7 million [1.5 million–1.9 million]
Adults 1.5 million [1.3 million–1.7 million]
Children (<15 years) 230 000 [200 000–270 000]

Global estimates for adults and children  2011

People living with HIV

34.0 million [31.4 million – 35.9 million]

New HIV infections in 2011

2.5 million [2.2 million – 2.8 million]

Deaths due to AIDS in 2011

1.7 million [1.5 million – 1.9 million]

Regional HIV and AIDS statistics and features  2011
Adults and children
living with HIV

Sub-Saharan Africa
Middle East and North Africa
South and South-East Asia

East Asia
Latin America
Caribbean
Eastern Europe and Central Asia
Western and Central Europe
North America

Oceania
TOTAL

Adults and children
newly infected with HIV

Adult prevalence
(15‒49) [%]

Adult & child
deaths due to AIDS

23.5 million

1.8 million

4.9%

1.2 million

[22.1 million – 24.8 million]

[1.6 million – 2.0 million]

[4.6% – 5.1%]

[1.1 million – 1.3 million]

300 000

37 000

0.2%

23 000

[250 000 – 360 000]

[29 000 – 46 000]

[0.1% – 0.2%]

[18 000 – 29 000]

4.0 million

280 000

0.3%

250 000

[3.1 million – 5.2 million]

[170 000 – 460 000]

[0.2% – 0.4%]

[190 000 – 340 000]

830 000

89 000

0.1%

59 000

[590 000 – 1.2 million]

[44 000 – 170 000]

[<0.1% – 0.1%]

[41 000 – 82 000]

1.4 million

83 000

0.4%

54 000

[1.1 million – 1.7 million]

[51 000 – 140 000]

[0.3% – 0.5%]

[32 000 – 81 000]

230 000

13 000

1.0%

10 000

[200 000 – 250 000]

[9600 – 16 000]

[0.9% – 1.1%]

[8200 – 12 000]

1.4 million

140 000

0.8%

92 000

[1.1 million – 1.8 million]

[91 000 – 210 000]

[0.6% – 1.0%]

[63 000 – 120 000]

900 000

30 000

0.2%

7000

[830 000 – 1.0 million]

[21 000 – 40 000]

[0.2% – 0.3%]

[6100 – 7500]

1.4 million

51 000

0.6%

21 000

[1.1 million – 2.0 million]

[19 000 – 120 000]

[0.5% – 1.0%]

[17 000 – 28 000]

53 000

2900

0.3%

1300

[47 000 – 60 000]

[2200 – 3800]

[0.2% – 0.3%]

[<1000 – 1800]

34.0 million

2.5 million

0.8%

1.7 million

[31.4 million – 35.9 million]

[2.2 million – 2.8 million]

[0.7% - 0.8%]

[1.5 million – 1.9 million]

The ranges around the estimates in this table define the boundaries within which the actual numbers lie, based on the best available information.

Adults and children estimated to be living with HIV  2011

Western &
Central Europe

Eastern Europe
& Central Asia

900 000

1.4 million

[830 000 – 1.0 million] [1.1 million – 1.8 million]

North America

1.4 million

[1.1 million – 2.0 million]
Caribbean

830 000

Middle East & North Africa

230 000

[200 000 – 250 000]
Latin America

1.4 million

East Asia

[1.1 million – 1.7 million]

[590 000 – 1.2 million]

300 000

[250 000 – 360 000]

South & South-East Asia

4.0 million

Sub-Saharan Africa

[3.1 million – 5.2 million]

[22.1 million – 24.8 million]

Oceania

23.5 million

53 000

[47 000 – 60 000]

Total: 34.0 million [31.4 million – 35.9 million]

Estimated number of adults and children
newly infected with HIV  2011

North America

51 000

Western &
Central Europe

Eastern Europe
& Central Asia

[21 000 – 40 000]

[91 000 – 210 000]

30 000

140 000

[19 000 – 120 000]
Caribbean

13 000

[9600 – 16 000]
Latin America

83 000

[51 000 – 140 000]

Middle East & North Africa

East Asia
89 000
[44 000 – 170 000]

37 000

[29 000 – 46 000]

South & South-East Asia

280 000

Sub-Saharan Africa

1.8 million

[1.6 million – 2.0 million]

[170 000 – 460 000]
Oceania

2900

[2200 – 3800]

Total: 2.5 million [2.2 million – 2.8 million]

Estimated adult and child deaths from AIDS  2011

North America

21 000

Western &
Central Europe

Eastern Europe
& Central Asia

[6100 – 7500]

[63 000 – 120 000]

7000

[17 000 – 28 000]
Caribbean

10 000

[8200 – 12 000]
Latin America

54 000

[32 000 – 81 000]

92 000

East Asia

59 000

Middle East & North Africa

[41 000 – 82 000]

23 000

[18 000 – 29 000]

South & South-East Asia

250 000

Sub-Saharan Africa

1.2 million

[1.1 million – 1.3 million]

[190 000 – 340 000]
Oceania

1300

[<1000 – 1800]

Total: 1.7 million [1.5 million – 1.9 million]

Children (<15 years) estimated to be living with HIV  2011

North America

4500

Western &
Central Europe

Eastern Europe
& Central Asia

[1300 – 2000]

[9600 – 14 000]

1600

[4000 – 5800]
Caribbean

18 000

[15 000 – 21 000]
Latin America

42 000

[30 000 – 56 000]

11 000

East Asia

16 000

Middle East & North Africa

[11 000 – 22 000]

15 000

[12 000 – 19 000]

South & South-East Asia

150 000

Sub-Saharan Africa

3.1 million

[2.8 million – 3.4 million]

[140 000 – 180 000]
Oceania

3600

[2800 – 4600]

Total: 3.3 million [3.1 million – 3.8 million]

Estimated number of children (<15 years)
newly infected with HIV  2011

North America

<100

Western &
Central Europe

Eastern Europe
& Central Asia

[<200]

[<500 – <1000]

<200

<1000

East Asia

[<100-<200]

2000

Caribbean

1100

[<1000 – 1400]
Latin America

2200

[1000 – 4000]

[<1000 – 4100]

Middle East & North Africa

2600

[2000 – 3300]

South & South-East Asia

19 000

Sub-Saharan Africa

[11 000 – 32 000]

[260 000 – 350 000]

Oceania

300 000

Total: 330 000 [280 000 – 390 000]

<500

[<200 – <500]

Estimated deaths in children (<15 years) from AIDS  2011

North America

<100

Western &
Central Europe

Eastern Europe
& Central Asia

[<100 - <200]

[<500 – <1000]

<100

<500

East Asia

[<200]

1100

Caribbean

1100

[<1000 – 1400]
Latin America

2400

[1200 – 3800]

[<1000 – 1700]

Middle East & North Africa

1500

[1100 – 1900]

South & South-East Asia

13 000

Sub-Saharan Africa

[11 000 – 14 000]

[180 000 – 240 000]

Oceania

210 000

Total: 230 000 [200 000 – 270 000]

<500

[<200 – <500]

Over 7000 new HIV infections a day in 2011
 About 97% are in low- and middle-income countries
 About 900 are in children under 15 years of age
 About 6000 are in adults aged 15 years and older, of whom:
─ almost 47% are among women
─ about 39% are among young people (15-24)

2011 global HIV and AIDS estimates
Children (<15 years)
Children living with HIV

3.3 million [3.1 million – 3.8 million]

New HIV infections in 2011

330 000 [280 000 – 390 000]

Deaths due to AIDS in 2011

230 000 [200 000 – 270 000]

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