Intermediate Lesson

What Am I to Do?
1
Hangul Transcript 2
Romanization 2
Translation 2
InIormal Conversation 3
Lesson Vocabulary 3
Cultural Insight 4
Hania Vocabulary 4
Grammar Points 5
KorcanClass101.con
Lcarn Korcan wiiI FFEE Podcasis
Lesson Code : 055I1121307 © Copyright www.KoreanClass101.com - All Rights Reserved. December 13th 2007
Hangul Transcript
(1)?0 i±^... ^¹^... ±IÎI. ±¯IM/±=7.
(2)^¹ I?0!
(3)?0 i±^, I£±¯IM.
(4)^¹ ?0. ¬I±±±=±IE.
(5)?0 +? º±±±=^?
(6)^¹ ±FE. ¯±¹±¬¬´÷^E.
(7)?0 ^I... ¬¬±¹¹...?
(8)i± 1º, ººº...
(9)?0 i±^, º¯F? ¬¬±¹¹?
(10)i± ?0.... I5±¹¡¼^¬ï^E. ¯±9=E7Þ²I;±I... I^=~E...
(11)?0 +? ^l/? +7±^;?±I? ±£¦¹¼^¬ï^? ±¬?07±¯.
(12)i± ±¬... 1000*;?^. ±I7E, /^, ±±, ?±... I¼^¬ï^. ?0I
^=~...!
Romanization
(1)Eomma soyeon-a... seongmin-a... bap da doetda. ppalli nawaseo bap meokja.
(2)Seongmin ne, eomma!
(3)Eomma soyeon-a, neo-do ppalli nawa.
(4)Seongmin eommna, nuna-neun bap an meokneundaeyo.
(5)Eomma mwo? wae bap-eul an meokeo?
(6)Seongmin mollayo. gibun-i an joheun geot gatayo.
(7)Eomma ani... museun il-iji?
(8)Soyeon heuheuk... heukheukheuk...
(9)Eomma soyeon-a, wae geurae? museun il-iya?
(10)Soyeon eomma... na oneul jigap ilheo beoryeosseoyo. geu an-e jungyohan mulgeon da it-
neunde... na eotteokhaeyo...
(11)Eomma mwo? eodiseo? mwo-ga deureoisseotneunde? don-do manhi ilheo beoryeosseo?
don-eun eomma-ga julge.
(12)Soyeon don-eun... cheonwon isseosseo. geunde, cadeu, sajin, myeongham, yeolsoe, da il-
heo beoryeosseo. eomma, na eotteokhae...!
Translation
(1)Mom Soyeon... Seongmin... Food's ready. Hurry and come out to eat.
(2)Seongmin Yes mother!
(3)Mom Soyeon, you come out too.
(4)Seongmin Mom. Soyeon said she's not going to eat.
KorcanClass101.con
Lcarn Korcan wiiI FFEE Podcasis
Lesson Code : 055I1121307 © Copyright www.KoreanClass101.com - All Rights Reserverd. December 13th 2007
2
(5)Mom What? Why won't she eat?
(6)Seongmin l don't know. l don't think she's feeling to well.
(7)Mom Hmm... What could it be?
(8)Soyeon (sniff sniff)
(9)Mom Soyeon, What happened? What's the matter?
(10)Soyeon (waa) Mom... l lost my wallet today. All my important things were in there... What am
l supposed to do...
(11)Mom What? Where? What was in your wallet? Did you lose a lot of money? l'll give you
some money.
(12)Soyeon Money... l had 1000won. But my credit card, pictures, business cards, keys... l lost it
all. Mom what am l supposed to do!
lnformal Conversation
?0 i±^... ^¹^... ±IÎI. ±¯IM/±=7.
^¹ I... ?0!
?0 i±^, I£±¯IM.
^¹ ?0. ¬I±±±=±I.
?0 +? º±±±=^?
^¹ ±FE. ¯±¹±¬¬´÷^.
?0 ^I... ¬¬±¹¹...?
i± 1º, ººº...
?0 i±^, º¯F? ¬¬±¹¹?
i± ?0.... I5±¹¡¼^¬ï^. ¯±9=E7Þ²I;±I... I^=~...
?0 +? ^l/? +7±^;?±I? ±£¦¹¼^¬ï^? ±¬?07±¯.
i± ±¬... 1000*;?^. ±I7E, /^, ±±, ?±... I¼^¬ï^. (I¬¯
±V/) ?0I^=~...!
Lesson Vocabulary
Hangul Romanization English Synonyms
¼^¬¯I ilheo beorida
to lose
^=~ eotteokhae
What am l to do?,
What should l do?
± bap
meal, rice
^/
±I doaeda
to become, to be done
±¯ ppalli
quickly
I5I naoda
to come out
=I meokda
to eat
KorcanClass101.con
Lcarn Korcan wiiI FFEE Podcasis
Lesson Code : 055I1121307 © Copyright www.KoreanClass101.com - All Rights Reserverd. December 13th 2007
3
¯± gibun
mood, feeling
¹¡ jigap
wallet
=E¨I jungyohada
to be important
Þ² mulgeon
thing, item, object
I da
all, everything

±^;I deureoitda
to be contained inside,
to be included inside
± don
money
¦¹ manhi
a lot, much (adverb)
÷I juda
to give
±I geunde
but, by the way
¯ªI
7E kadeu
card, credit card
^±7E
/^ sajin
picture, photo
±± myeongham
business card
?± yeolsoe
key
7
Cultural lnsight
lf you drop or forget something in the subway or on a bus in Korea, chances are rare
that it would go unnoticed by anyone before it reaches the end of the bus/subway
route. But if it does end up being found by the driver of the bus/subway train, you can
call the bus/subway companies and ask if they have your lost item in their lost and
found center. But in case someone picks it up and gives you a phone call, it is stated
in the law the founder can ask the owner for a compensation of 5~20% of the item's
worth. But the usual rate that people give and take is around 10% of the item's worth
(or if it's your wallet that you had lost, the amount of money that you had in the wallet.)
And if you've picked up somebody's wallet and you don't know how to return it to the
person, you can just put it into a nearest postbox, and the postman will safely deliver it
to the owner.
Hanja Vocabulary
Word Hania Meaning Compound Examples
¯ #
spirit, energy
¯±(spirit/energy + division) = mood
±¯(empty + energy) = air
KorcanClass101.con
Lcarn Korcan wiiI FFEE Podcasis
Lesson Code : 055I1121307 © Copyright www.KoreanClass101.com - All Rights Reserverd. December 13th 2007
4
¯¤(energy + body) = gas
± =
to divide
^±(body + to divide) = identity, social position
±(group + to divide) = part
= ±
heavy
=E(heavy + essential) = important
=t=(heavy + steel + group) = heavy metal
=^(heavy + responsibility) = important position
E ±
essential
E^(essential + point) = key point
E=(essential + approximately) = summary
±E(must + essential) = need
Þ ¥
thing
Þ²(thing + thing) = thing, object
±Þ(to move + thing¹= animal
^Þ(alive + thing¹= life, living thing
² f
thing
/²(work + thing) = event, incident
±²(to use + thing) = business, matter,
something to do
±²(thought + thing) = matter, item, case
/ H
to copy
/^(copy + real) = picture, photo
F/(to repeat + copy) = photocopy
/³(copy + book) = duplicate, copy
^ M
real
^t(real + product) = authentic product
^¯(true + reason, principle) = truth
^^(true + fact) = fact, truth
± +
name
±±(name + gag/bit) = business card
±^(name + sound) = reputation
±9(name + honor) = honor
± û
gag, bit
^±(position + bit) = title, position
±(respect + bit) = name(honorific)
Crannar Poinis
ln today's lesson, two very commonly used grammatical structures were introduced.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Grammar Point #1 - I Think... - 1/¬´÷I
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This grammatical structure introduces a way for one to be a little indirect when speaking,
which is an important aspect of Korean culture. This grammatical structure is roughly equi-
valent to the English "l think ..." or "lt seems like ..." This structure is used in conjunction
with descriptive verbs and the copula ¹I(ida).
-----------------------------
' Construction
-----------------------------
KorcanClass101.con
Lcarn Korcan wiiI FFEE Podcasis
Lesson Code : 055I1121307 © Copyright www.KoreanClass101.com - All Rights Reserverd. December 13th 2007
5
(a) Descriptive Verb Stem ending in a consonant + ¬´÷I
(b) Descriptive Verb Stem ending in a vowel + 1´÷I
For example:
(a) ¬I--> (¬I= ¬+I) --> ¬+ ¬´÷I--> ¬¬´÷I.
to be good -> good + l think... -> l think it's good.
(b) ¡mI--> (¡mI= ¡m+I) --> ¡m+ 1´÷I--> ¡"´÷I.
to be expensive -> expensive + l think... -> l think it's expensive
An example of indirectness.
(a) ¡mI- it's expensive
(b) ¡"´÷I- l think it's expensive.
ln this specific example, example (a) is quite direct, whereas example (b) is a bit more indir-
ect. Therefore it's softer language, and more appreciated.
-----------------------------
' ln This Dialog
-----------------------------
(6)^¹: ±FE. ¯±¹±¬¬´÷^E.
(6)Seongmin : mollayo. gibun-i an joheun geot gatayo.
(6)Seongmin: l don't know. l don't think she's feeling to well.
---------------------------
+ More Examples +
---------------------------
1.^7h^¬l"´÷9E.
(ajeossi jip-eun bissan geot gat-eyo.)
Mister, your house seems to be expensive.
2.^¹¬¬^^7´÷9.
(seongmin-eun sujibeo han geot gat-e)
Seongmin seems to be shy.
3.ª^¬l°´÷I.
(hyeoncheol-eun bappeun geot gatta).
HyeonCheol seems to be busy.
(Negation)
4.5·÷¬^¬´÷¹?I.
(oseutin-eun apeun geot gatchi
Austin does not seem to be hurt.
5.5·÷¬^÷¹?¬´÷I.
Austin seems like he is not hurt.
------------------------
KorcanClass101.con
Lcarn Korcan wiiI FFEE Podcasis
Lesson Code : 055I1121307 © Copyright www.KoreanClass101.com - All Rights Reserverd. December 13th 2007
6
=remember ¬
------------------------
The resulting ending (÷I) can be conjugated according to politeness level or tense, just
like any verb.
÷I(gatta) is an independent word, which expresses "to be like,¨ and "to be similar.¨
The negation (-¹?I) can be expressed in both the final verb (÷I) or the main verb with
÷1(¬).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Grammar Point #2 - but, however, so - 1/±I
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-1/±Iis a grammatical structure, which can be translated in several different ways, ac-
cording to circumstances. lt can be translated as "and," "but," however," or "so." lt can be
used as a sentence ending, or a non-final ending. As the translation suggests, it is used
when one wishes to introduce another sentence.
-----------------------------
' Construction
-----------------------------
(a) -±Iis added to a verb stem.
(b) -1Ito a descriptive verb stem that ends in a vowel,
(c) -¬Ito a descriptive verb stem that ends in a consonant.
Example:
(a) 7=^±±¬7I+ ¯ªI= 7=^±±¬¨±I
(b) 77¬I+ ¯ªI= 77÷I
(c) 77^I+ ¯ªI= 77^¬I
But the verb ¹Ibecomes '\I'
Example:
I±=^¹I+ ¯ªI... = I±=^\I, ...
-----------------------------
' ln This Dialog
-----------------------------
(10)i±: ?0.... I5±¹¡¼^¬ï^E. ¯±9=E7Þ²I;±I... I
^=~E...
(10)Soyeon : eomma... na oneul jigap ilheo beoryeosseoyo. geu an-e jungyohan mulgeon
da itneunde... na eotteokhaeyo...
(10)Soyeon: (waa) Mom... l lost my wallet today. All my important things were in there...
What am l supposed to do...
---------------------------
KorcanClass101.con
Lcarn Korcan wiiI FFEE Podcasis
Lesson Code : 055I1121307 © Copyright www.KoreanClass101.com - All Rights Reserverd. December 13th 2007
7
+ More Examples +
---------------------------
7±¹=JI;±I, ±S¬^¨¹?7^E.
l attended this school, but l didn't particularly like it.
7±¹=JI;±I(l attended this school, but) - this sentence is an introduction to the
main clause: ±S¬^¨¹?7^E. (l didn't particularly like it.)
5±÷±I, 570.
lt's cold today, so wear a hat.
5±÷±I(lt's cold today so,) - this sentence is an introduction to the main clause: 57
0. (wear a hat.)
lf this structure is used as a sentence ending, then it is implying another idea after that.
Here are a few examples:
I5±l°I. (±±I.)
l'm busy today so. (l can't meet.)
^¯±¦¹±÷±I. (IYI77.)
They don't give a lot of food here so. (let's go somewhere else.)
These must be inferred from context.
------------------------
=remember ¬
------------------------
This grammatical structure originally comes from "-I+ ¯ªI", and ¯ªImeans 'but' or
'however'. Therefore, -¬Ior -±Imeans "...., but". But -±/±Ican also mean that
something is expected after this. You can hear a lot of sentences in Korean finishing with -
±/±I, and this mean the speaker is indicating a different idea or another possibility, or it
can be a signal for feedback. ("5;±I." can mean "lt is delicious but..." but it can also
mean "l think it's delicious, and what do you think?")
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Grammar Point #3 - Doing Something Unintentionally - ¬¯I
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The verb ¬¯Ioriginally means "to throw away", but when it is combined with another
verb stem that precedes it, it means "to do something that wasn't intended" or "to do
something completely, or totally".
(a) ±~¬¯I. = to ending up saying something that should not have been said
(b) 7¬¯I. = to go away completely
(c) I±¯^±/¬ïI. = l didn't mean to, but l ended up buying that book.
(d) ¯±I±5^¬ïI. = He has completely forgotten about me.
KorcanClass101.con
Lcarn Korcan wiiI FFEE Podcasis
Lesson Code : 055I1121307 © Copyright www.KoreanClass101.com - All Rights Reserverd. December 13th 2007
8
(e) ¬±77I±7¬ïI. = Somebody saw me, although l was hoping that nobody
would.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Grammar Point #4 - What Am I to Do? - ^=~
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This phrase is used in times of distress when one does not know what to do. This phrase is
used more often by females than males. This phrase, ^=~comes from '^=¯~', which
means 'What should l do? or What am l supposed to do?'
KorcanClass101.con
Lcarn Korcan wiiI FFEE Podcasis
Lesson Code : 055I1121307 © Copyright www.KoreanClass101.com - All Rights Reserverd. December 13th 2007
9