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Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM

Critical Infrastructure Disaster Analysis
What happened, and can we mitigate it?
News etc. digested by Alister William Macintyre What we think we know so far about recent and similar incidents in history; progress of investigations; lessons learned but ignored; a national problem with gas explosions, or other serious incidents, 3 occurring every 4 days, in which very few of them are 100% accidents. Last updated 2014 Mar 09
Version 1.47

Table of Contents, allow up to level 4. Summary ..................................................................................................................... 5 Why I am doing this........................................................................................................ 6 Perceptions.................................................................................................................. 8 Chaos Venting................................................................................................................. 8 Glossary of Acronyms etc................................................................................................. 10 Glossary of Cover Up Terminology ............................................................................. 12 FAQ = Pipeline Safety in USA......................................................................................... 13 Volume of US pipelines................................................................................................ 13 Oversight for US pipeline system ................................................................................. 13 Mac remind need for cross-linking ........................................................................... 14 What State Pipeline Inspectors Do ............................................................................... 14 How States Enforce Safety ........................................................................................... 14 State Federal Relationship ............................................................................................ 15 Funding State Pipeline Inspection ................................................................................ 15 Uniform pipeline policy for USA –argument against................................................... 15 Gas Explosions in Perspective .......................................................................................... 16 US Government ............................................................................................................ 17 US Federal DOT ....................................................................................................... 17 US Federal EPA........................................................................................................ 17 US Federal NRC ....................................................................................................... 17 US Federal NTSB ..................................................................................................... 18 US Federal PHMSA.................................................................................................. 18 US Federal Secretary of Transportation ................................................................... 19 US States Gov level ...................................................................................................... 19 National Association of Pipeline Safety Representatives ......................................... 19 National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners .................................... 20 Pipeline Safety Websites by US State ...................................................................... 20 Canadian Government .................................................................................................. 22 US Non-Government Info sources................................................................................ 23 1 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.scribd.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis

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Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM

American Petroleum Institute ................................................................................... 23 Association of American Railroads .......................................................................... 23 Atomic Insights......................................................................................................... 23 De Smog blog ........................................................................................................... 23 Gas Wells are not our friends.................................................................................... 23 Gas Land Film........................................................................................................... 23 Green Living Guy ..................................................................................................... 23 Green Right Now ...................................................................................................... 23 International Association of Fire Chiefs ................................................................... 24 Interstate Natural Gas Association of America ........................................................ 24 Nat Gas Consulting ................................................................................................... 24 National Emergency Number Association................................................................ 25 National Resources Defense Council........................................................................ 25 Natural Gas Watch .................................................................................................... 25 Pipeline Research Council International................................................................... 26 Pipeline Safety Trust................................................................................................. 26 Pro Publica ................................................................................................................ 26 Sane Energy Project.................................................................................................. 27 Un-Natural Gas ......................................................................................................... 27 Climate Politics............................................................................................................. 27 Tax Economics.............................................................................................................. 27 Company Auditors ............................................................................................................ 28 First Aid for Buildings ...................................................................................................... 28 Gas Explosion Common Causes / Mitigation Ideas ......................................................... 29 Safety Standards need upgrades................................................................................ 29 Safety Standards Enforcement Lacking.................................................................... 32 Construction Collision Avoidance ............................................................................ 33 Safety Education desirable........................................................................................ 35 Drone Patrol .............................................................................................................. 35 Alarms Ignorance...................................................................................................... 36 Alarms Missing......................................................................................................... 37 Smell Gas and Take No Remedial Action ................................................................ 38 Industry Blind Spots ................................................................................................. 38 Organizational Accidents.......................................................................................... 39 UnTrained Investigators............................................................................................ 39 Do it Yourself Wrong ............................................................................................... 39 Deliberate Crime....................................................................................................... 40 Labeling Causes ............................................................................................................ 40 Mitigation Research .......................................................................................................... 42 Profit thru Mitigation .................................................................................................... 44 Insurance Companies ................................................................................................ 44 Junior College Academia .......................................................................................... 44 Computerized Mapping Organizations ..................................................................... 44 New business opportunities ...................................................................................... 44 Everyone should know...................................................................................................... 45 Every critical infrastructure worker should know .................................................... 46 2 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.scribd.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis

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Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM

Critical Infrastructure management should know..................................................... 47 Every chemical worker should know........................................................................ 47 Every construction worker should know .................................................................. 47 Survival Tips................................................................................................................. 48 Bad Weather coming................................................................................................. 49 Before a road trip ...................................................................................................... 49 Winter Driving .......................................................................................................... 49 Weather Preparedness ............................................................................................... 50 Notable Explosions / Time Line so far ............................................................................. 50 CI Disaster Time Line moved....................................................................................... 51 CI explanations C+ ................................................................................................... 53 CI explanations D+ ................................................................................................... 55 CI explanations E+.................................................................................................... 55 CI explanations G+ ................................................................................................... 56 CI explanations I+..................................................................................................... 57 CI explanations K+ ................................................................................................... 57 CI explanations M+ .................................................................................................. 59 CI explanations P+.................................................................................................... 59 CI explanations R+ ................................................................................................... 61 CI explanations S+.................................................................................................... 61 CI explanations W+ .................................................................................................. 64 2014................................................................................................................................... 64 2014 Mar – Coal Fine ....................................................................................................... 64 2014 Mar-Apr Detroit MI Disaster Training ................................................................ 65 2014 Mar-Apr Futurist Learning from Failure ............................................................. 65 2014 Mar 2 Ark-TN Motorists stuck on I-40 and I-55 ................................................. 66 Mar 4 NJ gas explosion................................................................................................. 66 Mar 4 Most companies lack good disaster planning......................................................... 66 DRP Acronyms ......................................................................................................... 67 Disaster Planning Report .......................................................................................... 68 Personal Experience.................................................................................................. 70 Personal Suggestions ................................................................................................ 70 2014 Mar 5 Indonesia ammunition explosion .............................................................. 72 Mar 5 Asteroid passes nearer Moon than Earth............................................................ 72 Mar 6 Asteroid passes nearer Earth than Moon............................................................ 72 Mar 6 OH Cleveland house explodes ........................................................................... 73 Mar 8 Asia Airliner goes missing ..................................................................................... 73 Deadly plane crash history........................................................................................ 75 Passengers and crew ................................................................................................. 76 Many nations respond ............................................................................................... 76 Singapore clue turns into dead end ........................................................................... 79 Vietnam armed forces discover clues ....................................................................... 79 Boeing 777 reputation............................................................................................... 80 Stolen passports ........................................................................................................ 80 2014 Apr ........................................................................................................................... 82 2014 Apr 22-23 NTSB forum = train safety for oil and ethanol .................................. 83 3 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.scribd.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis

..............7 Version 20 pages 2012-Nov-24 + Springfield ............ 96 Year 2014 Jan 9 W Va tap water – V 1.....V 1...................46 – 2014 Feb-25 ..................................42 – 2014-Jan-31.....................45 – 2014 Feb-23 ........................................... 96 Year 2014 Jan – 23 pages – V 1..............................0 Version 44 pages 2012-Dec-25..................................................................................................................................................2014 Feb-05.44 – 2014 Feb-18 ............42 – 2014-Feb-04................................................... 86 1........................................5 Version 11 pages 2012-Nov-19 – Indy = Criminal ..................................................................................................... 91 0...................... 108 2014 Mar-05............................... 91 0..... 91 0....................... 94 Year 2014 Feb – 13 pages ..............................43 = 2014 Feb-19 ............................ 89 1............................................ 91 0............ 103 2008 to 2009 – V 1........................... 109 4 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc..........................com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis ...................................................................................................... 92 0................................................................. 101 Year 2012 – V 1........46 – 2014 Mar-06 ........43 ....43 – Feb-16 ............... 93 Personal Folders split........................... 106 0 to 1999 summary Jan-29 in G+......................... 88 1.............................................................42 ......................................... 96 Year 2014 Jan – 20 pages – V 1..............................2 Version 92 pages 2013 Jan-18 .................................4 Version 8 pages 2012-Nov-15 .......... 104 2000 to 2006 – V 1.................. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.......................................................................................................................................................................................... 105 0 thru 1999 ...................................2014 Feb 25 ... 94 Year 2014 Feb – 16 pages – V 1.................... 100 Year 2013 Jan-Mar .............................. 102 2010 to 2011 – V 1..................... ............................... 100 Year 2013 April – V 1.......................................................4 Version 178 pages 2013 Apr-23 ..................... 109 2014 Feb-25 during revisions 2014 & thru 1999.................................................................................................................... 98 Year 2013 May-Dec – V 1...................8 Version 2012-Nov-27 ....2014 Feb 01 ...........................................43 Version 99 pages – Main doc – 2014 Feb 14........................... 103 Year 2007 – V 1... 83 1... 94 Year 2014 Feb – 22 pages – V 1....42 ........................................................3 Version 6 pages 2012-Nov-12 .................................... 86 1...................... 92 Time Line Revision History..............................6 Version 12 pages 2012-Nov-21 ..V 1.....................................42 – 2014-Feb-02 .......................................... 92 Indy Boom rename as CI Boom Analysis. 90 0....................................... 89 1.43 – 2014 Feb 17 ..............................................45 .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 99 Year 2013 April – V 1.................... 93 Year 2014 March ........................................................ 98 Year 2014 Jan 9 W Va tap water – V 1...................................................................3 Version 143 pages 2013-Jan-23..............................................................................1 Version 52 pages 2013-Jan-13.....................................................................42 – 2014-Feb-03 ......................43 – 2014 Feb 13.....V 1...........41 Version 221 pages 2014 Jan-12 – W Va Water........................ 90 1...........................................................47 Version – Main doc............................... 97 Year 2014 Jan 9 W Va tap water – V 1............. 88 1................................................................... 108 Scribd Statistics...........2014 Feb 09 ........................................................................................4 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Revision History ..............scribd................................................ 95 Year 2014 Jan – 29 pages – V 1.......... 92 Earlier versions ......... 107 Doc size reviews ....................................................................................................43 – 2014 Feb-12 ..............................9 Version 40 pages 2012-Dec-08 – Common Causes ........................44 – 2014 Feb-20 ..................... 90 0................. 108 2014 Feb-25 ................

.. civilians … Individual people smell gas..” Unfortunately there are a lot of self-declared ignoramuses in government...... • Ignorance...... is when an explosion or spill destroys schools.... or put someone in charge of public safety who knows this stuff.. 110 2014 Feb-02 after 2014 Jan 9 W Va ... etc.... but when companies do not tell authorities anything about their stuff. etc... organizations … companies learn nothing from history................. that means there is a special hazard. pipelines....... • Ignorance.............. hospitals.... hospitals. Other people call them accidents................... • Ignorance. bridges............... their home or business blows up....... or their industry specifically............. They happen because of: • Greed … profit is more important to some people than other people’s lives...........scribd............ etc.................. and you need to take special precautions to protect your people....... but I believe an accident is when it could not have been prevented by reasonable sane people who care about safety.... government … when some kind of crisis rarely occurs locally.. This is particularly critical with the weather. like tornado..... The same thing is true of physical infrastructure.. That is not true for the vast majority of these incidents.... and historical monuments from the dawn of American history.. With good maintenance...... Two huge Tx disasters for pretty much the same causes.......... buildings are good for hundreds of years........com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis ..... Will this happen again in another 50 years? • Old Age … as we humans get older..... We can see that certain events happen with great rapidity.... such as Gas Explosions and Industrial Spills. Most of our schools.. • Zoning is supposed to prevent dangerous chemicals in close proximity to schools..... nursing homes............ and what all those special labels mean.......... After the weather crisis has passed............. 2013 April 17 was almost the anniversary of 1947 April 16... Look at the ancient cities of Europe..... Warning... Either learn what it means when there is a Watch.. That’s happening to much of US infrastructure.. who may not know what they are getting into..... don’t know what to do about it..5 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM 2014 Feb-18 during new revisions.... various parts of o ur anatomy. water supply. livelihoods.... Just replace the 5 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. 110 2014 Feb-06 after 2013 Jan-Mar....... begin to fail...... in general..... then the first a community knows about a risk..................... This also increases risk to first responders. are over 50 years old.... if you call it a “freak event” that is the same as saying “I am an ignoramus..... health and safety. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www....... they may fall apart in middle age... 109 2014 Feb-13 soon after 2010-2011 . When the weather people have a special name for something.. 111 Summary What we know in general about Critical Infrastructure Disasters........................... 111 2014 Jan-30 soon after 0 to 1999 Scribd statistics. However.......... to avoid an excessively large document........ officials may not know what should be done.... with no maintenance. This was preventable. water intake. etc. which we had taken for granted. then a day or two later.. chemical storage tanks.... I have split my info into date-based time lines..

safety standards. There are thousands of chemical mishaps every year in the USA. such as the airline industry. which reaches an ignition source. but that does not seem to be happening in other industries. the names of the people whose negligence led to the disaster. When seconds count. there are at least 3 significant serious gas incidents. Industry must learn from industry history. which do not know what they are doing. serving hundreds of thousands of customers. first responders are minutes away. ntsb. Only the most spectacular incidents make the mainstream news media. I include some smaller events. the people killed injured or their homes destroyed. Now I have time to do that. Construction workers hit an underground pipe line that they did not know was there. They do not know how to install pipe lines safely. and see Common Causes. repeated to infinity in community after community. there has been lessons learned. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. There are million dollar companies. and we have explosions and fires. and the entire nation is like a ticking time bomb. pipelines. I add thoughts on what we can do to mitigate risks of them happening again and again. with the same causes where companies are not learning from industry history how to prevent them. I was a work a holic without time to investigate much of what was happening in the real world.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . As I study these many Critical Infrastructure incidents. natural gas. This causes a gas leak. When I was working full time. But this kind of incident seems to happen on almost a monthly basis. from solving the problems. or shut them down when there is a rupture.6 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM name of the place. 6 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. texas fertilizer Why I am doing this I am now semi retired. springfield. implemented slowly. One thing I always desired was to find out what the heck was happening behind the headlines. I believe this should be totally avoidable if the pipe lines are properly marked. somewhere in the USA. but cannot afford the lower costs of preventing the events from happening. understand what alarms are telling them. Tags explosion. to show that this stuff is happening again and again. if we are to reduce the frequency and intensity of these disasters. maintain them properly. The same exact causes. every 4 days. The companies apparently can afford to lose astronomical inventory in these spills. the name of the company owning the infrastructure. with the help of government oversight. gas explosions. In the USA. indianapolis. and the construction companies trained to recognize the markings. locate leaks and evacuate people at risk. and pay astronomical fines for violating government regulations.scribd. and implement the lessons. In some other industries. and these companies can be hours or days away.

We now know it was a bit of an aberration in the overall spectrum of gas explosions. • These obvious measures do not get implemented. I share both DOC version (links generally work better) and PDF version (smaller. or would have been much smaller. the disaster might not have occurred. there are some obvious measures to mitigate. but I am careful to try to cite all sources for the material I use. As my research notes grow in sophistication. where if any one of those things could have been mitigated. with the contents leaking out into the world. • There are many causes. They wanted to blow up just their own home. I have research notes on a number of different kinds of major risks facing our civilization. where I know stuff. 1 http://www. or even avoid. I renamed these notes to better reflect the bigger picture I am finding out about. and other people who share my interests.1 Other nations have similar challenges. but instead blew up their entire neighborhood. • In the individual communities where they occur. to do a better job of mitigation in the risks of them happening again. or other incidents which the industry labels as significant. because it was caused deliberately for insurance fraud. the 2012 Nov 10 Indianapolis explosion loomed large in my news. until such time as better measures can be dreamed up. one particular cause is usually given the most credit. but they rarely get learned beyond the immediate location. • For most of these causes. except sometimes from TV news. because the industry claims the costs are too high. current events remind me of events a few years ago. there are often multiple things which went wrong. • In the USA every 3 days there are 4 gas explosions. there are lessons learned. I am an amateur at research. and what we can learn from them. with great expense to clean up. I started these notes because I live in Indiana. The perpetrators were not competent. such as pipe line rupture. • That means we need to dream up solutions which are economical to implement. I periodically upload my latest notes versions to various Internet document share sites.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . for the benefit of my friends. but no longer remember where I got what I now know. Also. and pressure legislators or regulators to get them mandated.7 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM One thing in the headlines is all these horrible disasters. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. the next time. let alone the loss of income for sale of the property which leaked. easier to copy). The causes of the explosions. I want to find out how they happened.scribd. are also often causes of other disasters. Later.com/Environment/Energy-Voices/2012/1127/Unnatural-disasters-What-can-bedone-about-natural-gas-pipeline-explosions 7 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.org/?p=1632 http://www.csmonitor. so that the epidemic of explosions continue unabated. • While in the official reports. Thus.naturalgaswatch. but maybe a dozen reasons appear very frequently. I flip channels then lose track of from which station I got which particulars.

so these kinds of issues will always be with us. some people have a mind set so alien to mine. it is a waste of effort to seek solutions. Is my terminology confused? What words should I use instead of: bogus news. which often lead me to making improvements in my documents. sometimes some people comment on them. we can seek wise regulation to insist on some minimum standards and practices. confusion. skyscrapers. airline industry. chaos. One person commented on one of my collections of proposed solutions to common problems. I am a believer in standards. or when there is widespread criminal negligence. how best to label what happens. But disaster response seems slow to evolve. like me. and news media competence seems to be going backwards.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . leadership disconnected from reality.8 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Perceptions After I share my notes. How come? Is it that most investigations are competent. the Boston marathon bombing investigation was competent. corporation persons.scribd. saying that different people have different perceptions of problems. but there is a steady improvement in state-of-art. but we never learn about that due to the state-of-art of news media? Or. and best practices. Chaos Venting Chaos Venting Chaos in News Reporting and Disaster Response – is it fixable? I have observed a lot of chaos in initial response to many disasters. Success stories are in the design of bridges. was the Boston 8 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. Well. Sometimes we are slow to mandate improvements. news media reporting having more bogus stories than truth.s. incompetence. on-scene investigators lacking authority to use common sense. I also suspect a double standard in justice meted out to ordinary human persons. lessons learned from disasters never applied to mitigate against the next time. However. our space program. Except for the apparently totally incompetent national news media. try to paint our picture of what happened. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. v. untruths? When researchers. Industries can voluntarily do a good job with them. being practical. that we are in a different reality. quality of weather forecasting. In some areas of human endeavor people learn from disasters and crashes to prevent THAT from ever happening again. not sharing the nonsense we have come to expect from other crisis responses. we are hampered by the chaos of bad information being repeated thru official and unofficial channels. corruption.

not just what is in front of each of us. The Texas Fertilizer Plant Explosion attacked a nursing home. We have been spoiled by fictional novels and TV shows which present a state of art. Boston Marathon was disrupted by the Bombing. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.scribd. as was the case with the Aurora shooting and 9/11. so the bomb squad needed to investigate each and every one of them. Effective response is harmed when there are communication failures among first responders. There is also the 9 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. Some civilians ran to the danger to help victims. but we had an army of news media giving us running score cards of how many additional bombs had been found. State of Art. If that training preparation is limited or cancelled by budgets constraints. In many disasters. which now became suspicious packages. leading to first responders arriving without a clear understanding of the situation. because they were told by some outside source. At no time did the authorities say they had found a secondary device. It is a shock and surprise to many witnesses. BP Oil spill. Ultimately they determined that there were no secondary devices. Shouldn’t there be zoning to prevent such a da ngerous facility so close to those targets? Then we learn that in some geographies. and how Japan found out they’d been hit by a nuclear weapon in WW II. A disaster is never expected. it can severely limit ability to cope when a disaster occurs. who may not be able to communicate clearly in phone calls to emergency services. cyber security breaches. or had they in fact learned from other crises. there should be relevant training and inspections for personnel who may be affected. the resulting crisis would have been much smaller. Lack of training. and our global economic crisis. and first responders in some US cities. companies can have dangerous facilities where no one else knows about them. many Ponzi schemes. and applied that learning to planning and training? Why do we have these problems? Is it: • • • • • • • News Media is part of a bigger problem. Many times authorities don’t believe info from whistleblowers. with non-witnesses to the original incident not knowing why the disruption.9 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM investigation lucky. an infinity of US pipeline disasters. Normal infrastructure can be disrupted. Indiana Fairgrounds. as in the cases of 9/11. Japan Nuclear Tsunami. Inadequate technology made available to first responders and their command structure. until disaster strikes. Had they believed and acted on the info. Lack of auditing. 9/11. Lack of planning. which does not exist in reality.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . In both scenarios they dropped their belongings. Some ran to safety. Before any disaster. of people knowing all that is going on. and sometimes where the locations were. This is true for many pipeline disasters. the relevant authorities only found out what had happened. and maybe 200 homes and businesses. which looked like potential secondary bombs. This is the case for Pearl Harbor. two schools.

where humanitarian assistance is insufficient for Haiti to have resilience against the next natural disaster. later amended. the rescue effort rebuilds a whole new one. Depending on the severity of the crisis. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . Haiti has had a series of disasters: • Haiti is darn close to being a failed state. whose competition destroys the previous one. as with Katrina and Haiti. • There is an infinity of audits into what went wrong. CRS = Congressional Research Service www. such as medical professionals. • Haiti has a series of natural disasters. then ignoring it in Katrina. and Liability Act of 1980. see what resources are needed.crs. Glossary of Acronyms etc. Once the news of a major disaster is out.10 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM challenge of sending rescuers into an area without the resources to do a proper job. or having a disaster recovery plan. The police and law enforcement community are charged with establishing law and order. ACP = Area Contingency Plan ATF = US Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco Firearms and Explosives ATSDR = Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (HHS) CDC = US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CEQ = Council on Environmental Quality CERCLA = Comprehensive Environmental Response. this is not what has been happening. Observers and critics often focus on the law. Who is the incident commander? What communications are functioning? What additional resources do we need on scene? Call for reinforcements. the police and other first responders need to establish order and structure. which ignore the other auditors. Compensation. In any crisis. and nothing gets fixed due to the audits.scribd. • Instead of working with surviving Haiti infrastructure.gov CWA = Clean Water Act DHS = US Department of Homeland Security DoC = US Dept of Commerce DoD = US Dept of Defense DoE = US Depts of Energy and Education DoI = US Dept of Interior DoJ = US Dept of Justice DoL = US Dept of Labor DoS = US Dept of State DoT = US Dept of Transportation (they have Pipeline oversight) DPS = Indianapolis Dept of Public Safety DRAT = District Response Advisory Team (USCG strike team) 10 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. they may get needed info from first responder leadership near the scene of the crisis. humanitarian rescue can send teams to assess the situation. a serious failing for Haiti earthquake rescuers. But in many disaster responses. and neglect the order.

critical infrastructure is repaired to the point that we can restore essential traffic.org/secrecy/2014/01/usmcdrawdown/ 11 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.” I found out about this report here: http://blogs.fas. NOAA = National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NPFC = National Pollution Funds Center strike team NPL = National Priorities List NCP = National Contingency Plan3 or National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan … this was first launched 1968 in the Johnson Administration. which the news media previously had neglected. and prevent it falling apart any more than already.fas. OPA = Oil Pollution Act of 1990 OSC = On-Scene Coordinator PBS = Public Broadcast Station 2 See 25 page report = http://www.” I found out about this report here: http://blogs.pdf I named my copy “CRS Spill Response 2014 Jan.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .fas.pdf I named my copy “CRS Spill Response 2014 Jan. Organizations periodically publish results of FOIA requests to get at the results of investigations.fas. GSA = US General Services Administration HHS = US Department of Health and Human Services IFD = Indianapolis Fire Dept LEPC = Local Emergency Response Commission IMPD = Indianapolis Metropolitan Police Dept MCPO = Marion County Prosecutor’s Office.pdf I named my copy “CRS Spill Response 2014 Jan.fas.scribd.org/sgp/crs/homesec/R43251.org/secrecy/2014/01/usmcdrawdown/ 4 See 25 page report = http://www. and statistics known to the government. It is not up to the same quality as before the disaster. and has been periodically updated in response to a variety of previously unexpected disasters RERT = Radiological Emergency Response Team (EPA strike team) NIC = National Incident Commander (USCG) NRC = US Nuclear Regulatory Commission NRF = National Response Framework NRT = National Response Team NRS = National Response System4 NTSB = US National Transportation Safety Board They periodically publish results of investigations of some past disasters.” I found out about this report here: http://blogs.11 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM DRG = District Response Group (USCG strike team) EEZ = Exclusive Economic Zone2 Emergency Repairs = After some disaster.fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/R43251. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. EPA = Environmental Protection Agency EPCRA = Emergency Planning and Community-Right-to-Know Act of 1986 ERT = Environmental Response Team (EPA strike team) ESF = Emergency Support Function (NRF) FEMA = Federal Emergency Management Agency FOIA = Freedom of Information Act.org/sgp/crs/homesec/R43251.org/secrecy/2014/01/usmcdrawdown/ 3 See 25 page report = http://www.

China had a bridge fall down.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .12 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Permanent Repairs go beyond Emergency Repairs. However. Natural Disaster = an unforeseen peak of natural events. We find out after Fukushima. natural phenomena risks are predictable. Calling something “An Act of God” is a way of denying human responsibility for risk mitigation. prevented. humans are frequently setup to take great risks. don’t want to admit ignorance. so due to old age. to restore the Critical Infrastructure to the condition it was supposed to be in before the disaster. so they say this or that was a Freak event. such as a pipe line. Act of God – this has nothing to do with religion. building. and we can make buildings which are resistant to most of it. Catastrophic Failure = something does not get proper maintenance. and needs to be totally replaced. and good statistical analysis. and that Godless communist state labeled it as an act of God. FREAK = Government officials explanation for something they do not know what the heck happened. because with modern technology. that Japan Inc. and government and corporate deliberate blindness. PIAT = Public Information Assist team RRT = Regional Response Team SARA = Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 SSC = Scientific Support Coordinator SERC = State Emergency Response Commission SONS = Spill of National Significance … the first one was the 2010 BP Deepwater Horizon Gulf Oil Spill STRIKE TEAM = specialized teams. • • • • 12 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. it falls apart. when the responsible people wish to prevent any investigation into what they should have done to prevent it. to deal with specialized challenges SUPSALV = Supervisor of Salvage (USN) USCG = US Coast Guard USDA = US Dept of Agriculture USN = US Navy Glossary of Cover Up Terminology • ACCIDENT = something bad happened.scribd. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. These are very rare. or mitigated against. which reasonable people could not have foreseen. with cost cutting. deliberately disregarded earthquake and tsunami science in the design of that place. within government agencies. so as to avoid responsibility for the humans who should have seen the risk coming. The word “Accident” is often appended to many incident reports. this is the same thing as announcing to the world that they are an ignoramus. bridge. However.

13 • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Systemic5 = Something spread through out. or lack of imagination on the radar screen of the people in charge.scribd.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . this applies only to Alaska and Hawaii. although State employees account for less than 40% of the federal pipeline safety budget.S. 5 6 https://en. However. and increased safety expectations of the local public.gov/comm/States. and the overwhelming majority of States do have more stringent requirements. States opt into this relationship with PHMSA.6 FAQ = Pipeline Safety in USA Much of the info here thanks to NAPSA7 355 page state to state natural gas pipeline regulations comparison 2nd edition.wikipedia. These have been developed over the years based on specific results of State inspections. 7 NAPSA = National Association of Pipeline Safety Representatives.dot.htm?nocache=9412 http://primis. PHMSA delegates the majority of these responsibilities for intrastate lines to the states. This means that the bulk of the safety and inspection responsibility lies at the State level.org/wiki/Systemic See “radar screen” in Drone Terms. published in 2013.pdf 13 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. At present. changing public priorities. If a State decides not to participate. and their lengths: http://primis. Department of Transportation (DoT)’s Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA). A systemic problem is failure by design.dot. 8 http://www.htm?nocache=5729 http://primis. Oversight for US pipeline system Q: Who has primary oversight over USA’s pipeline system? A: US pipeline safety programs are overseen by Congress and administered by the U. States are allowed to adopt pipeline safety regulations that are stricter than federal government regulations.naturalgaswatch. State pipeline safety personnel represent more than 75% of the State/federal inspection workforce.phmsa. then select each State’s "Incident and Mileage Overview". PHMSA does the safety inspection on its own. all over. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. 8 Volume of US pipelines Sources of info on where pipelines are. Under existing law.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Compendium-FINAL-NAPSR-Oct-282011-First-EditionR-2.gov/comm/StatePages/Alabama.html?nocache=2630 Use PHMSA web page drop down menu to select each State.phmsa.phmsa.gov/comm/reports/safety/AL_detail1.dot.

A vigorous safety program is essential to provide public assurance that the pipeline system is safe. erroneously. and we learn that the place also should have had oversight by agencies F G H I J. if they do not fix whatever the inspection found to be amiss. State agencies employ a wide range of compliance methods as part of their regulatory oversight.14 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Mac remind need for cross-linking We have seen an abundance of incidents where some facility is visited by regulators from agency A B C D E and the place thinks. facilities.scribd. Then there is explosion. fire. Then if and when the problem is fixed. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. structural collapse. that it is in touch with all relevant regulatory agencies. so notify the relevant agencies in charge of oversight for topic Y. integrity management and other programs. How Do States Enforce Safety Regulations? A: If a safety inspector finds a violation during an inspection. then also send the local fire dept a heads up. there should be some check list … during our inspection for topic X. in case they do not already know about this place. the agency will determine the severity of the violation and determine its next course of action. What Do State Pipeline Inspectors Do? A: The general responsibilities of a pipeline inspector include inspection of safety records. Generally. Most States go beyond the federal requirements and perform additional kinds of oversight. and investigation of accidents. the agency involved should notify the local fire dept. property. In my opinion: • When ANY agency inspects a place. the inspector will submit a report to the appropriate State agency. so that if the explosion comes. Depending on the State’s laws. • When an inspector finds that some place is at risk of disaster. construction. reliable. which say they were ignorant that this place was there. which is typically the public service commission. and affordable. perhaps via a summary statement. or perhaps the place wants to hide from any regulators which have not yet located it. What State Pipeline Inspectors Do Q. and the environment in their regions. with whatever risks. massive harm to people and/or local community. we noted that this place was involved with topic Y.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . The goal of State pipeline safety programs is to ensure the overall safety of the pipeline system for people. How States Enforce Safety Q. 14 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. and audit confirms this. the fire dept is not totally in the dark.

How Does the State/Federal Relationship Work? A: Under the Pipeline Safety Act. Virginia and West Virginia also act as interstate agents on behalf of the federal government.scribd. which are sent to Congress for review and approval. Uniform pipeline policy for USA –argument against Q. States must receive certification from PHMSA to assume pipeline safety responsibilities within their states. Once approved. States may potentially receive funding for up to 80% of their expenditures for these programs. and the State must agree to ensure that its pipeline operators meet the federal agency’s minimum pipeline safety standards. allocation is usually in the form of reimbursements once actual costs are incurred. Arizona. State personnel inspect interstate pipelines and submit reports to PHMSA. Funding State Pipeline Inspection Q. Washington.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . A one-size-fits-all policy for all intrastate pipeline systems would be counter 15 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. Michigan.15 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM State Federal Relationship Q. and (2) federal grants funded by Congress and administered by PHMSA. Minnesota. Once certified. most appropriations have been between 45% and 50%. political. Certification is a “mutual agreement” between PHMSA and a State to take on this responsibility. Would a uniform federal inspection policy for intrastate lines improve pipeline safety? A: No – a uniform federal inspection policy would actually decrease safety levels. social and environmental factors. Under current law. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. Appropriations in 2009 through 2012 raised the federal contribution level to over 70% but required waivers by the Secretary of Transportation to suspend the minimum State contributions required by the Pipeline Safety Act. Iowa. economic. Each State is different and has varied risks to its pipeline infrastructure that result from diverse geographic. PHMSA annually allocates the money to individual state agencies based on their respective budget submissions. In this role. which carries out compliance and enforcement action as necessary. California. On average. New York. the State is responsible for oversight of pipelines that do not cross State boundaries (intrastate pipelines). Ohio. Connecticut. The President annually requests federal funding for state safety programs along with its own budget requests. How Are State Pipeline Inspectors Funded? A: State pipeline safety programs are funded by (1) State funding that varies in accordance with mechanisms developed within each state’s legislature.

• a leak within a pipeline. since 1986. But when one of these mass transportation systems has a crash. it is spectacular 12. Pipelines are safer than transport via truck or railroad. get to an ignition source. connects to an ignition source. o Oil pipelines are roughly 70 times as safe as trucks. Most States can and do adopt pipeline safety regulations that are stricter than the corresponding federal regulations.org/html/ir_17. According to this Pro Publica article Nov 20. connects to an ignition source.5-million-miles-ofpipelines 10 16 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. and the overwhelming majority of States require more stringent requirements to satisfy specific local needs for public safety. but in both cases. o However.org/?p=1632 http://www. such as what happens in a sewer.propublica. 9 https://www. except for some people on 9/11. ignored until they die from old age. and boom.9 just as air travel is safer than automobile travel. then boom. which killed four times as many people. State-specific regulations can be enforced only by State regulators. There are also explosions with chemical factories and coal mines.com/Environment/Energy-Voices/2012/1127/Unnatural-disasters-What-can-bedone-about-natural-gas-pipeline-explosions 11 http://www.nytimes. and boom.naturalgaswatch.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis ."10 Insurance data shows that losses from refinery accidents in Europe are at least three times lower than in the USA.htm http://www. I have collected explanations for acronyms and concepts relevant to national security issues in my Drone Terms document. when an accident occurs. then boom. USA pipeline accidents have: killed more than 500 people. airline travel is much safer than auto travel. Gas Explosions in Perspective There are many acronyms in any story. because of the volume of contents placed at risk. every 4 days there are 3 incidents which the pipeline industry calls "significant pipeline incidents. • a leak where gas is stored. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.manhattan-institute. By their very nature.html?smid=pl-share 12 https://www. 2005-2009.com/2014/01/29/opinion/the-next-accident-awaits.16 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM productive and will limit the State’s ability to go beyond current federal requirements. uploaded to all the same places as this set of research notes. removing older vehicles from service.org/article/pipelines-explained-how-safe-are-americas-2. Pipelines can be underground. In the USA.csmonitor.11 There are different kinds of gas explosions: • a leak where natural gas is delivered. not by federal regulators. Similarly. airlines are constantly doing maintenance. • “natural” phenomena. connects to an ignition source.scribd. o The USA experiences hundreds of pipeline accidents every year. causes gas to ac cumulate. the results are spectacular.

ingaa. Using government data.org/?p=1632 https://www. and investigate incidents.2013* 1991 .17 US Federal NRC The National Response Center (NRC) maintains a searchable website of reported incidents of oil and chemical spills. which regulate the relevant industries.viadata.2013 13 14 https://projects. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.1999 2000 . of Materials delivered thru pipelines.propublica. state.1999 2000 .scribd.propublica. tracking leaks into land.epa.org/pipelines/ http://www.S. ProPublica has mapped thousands of these incidents in a new interactive news application. and local governments.1999 2000 .2013 1991 . Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) compiles a Toxics Release Inventory (TRI). which were self-reported by various industries.com/products/winDOTAppDetails. • FERC = Federal Energy Regulatory Commission15 US Federal DOT Safety. air.2013 In c id en t T yp e s Pe r F i sc a l Y ea r In c id en t C au se s Pe r F is c al Y e a r W eb R ep o rt s P er F is ca l Y e ar F a x an d Em ai l No t if i c at i o n s P er F is c al Y e a r E P A N o t if ic at io n s B y R eg i o n P e r F i sc a l Y e ar 1991 .14 A major problem in the USA is infrastructure old age.5-million-miles-ofpipelines 15 http://www.naturalgaswatch.aspx 16 http://www. US Government There are several agencies of US federal.php 17 http://www2. we can view DOT regulations.1999 2000 .18 :: STATISTICS :: 1991 .000.org/cms/143.html 17 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.2013 US CG No t if ic at i o n s B y Un i t P er F is c al Y e a r DO T No t if i c at i o n s B y Un it P e r F i sc al Y ea r 1991 .uscg.1999 2000 .17 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM injured over 4.13 which provides detailed information about the cause and costs of reported incidents going back nearly three decades.2013 1991 .1999 2000 .2005 2006 . lack of dedication to maintenance.mil/nrchp.org/article/pipelines-explained-how-safe-are-americas-2. on-line.16 US Federal EPA The U. comes under US Dept of Transportation.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .nrc. and water.gov/toxics-release-inventory-tri-program/learn-about-toxics-release-inventory 18 http://www. and cost nearly seven billion dollars in property damages. Here.2013 2000 .

severity. of these events.org/?cat=8 http://www.naturalgaswatch.20 • Railroad accidents • Some types of motor vehicle incidents on highways • Ship and Marine incidents • When requested.ntsb.wikipedia. RSPA ceased operations on February 20. The role of primary can be replaced with FBI or other organization if the DoJ decides it is a criminal case. PHMSA22 = US Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration.html 21 http://www. 18 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.org/wiki/National_Transportation_Safety_Board 20 http://www.naturalgaswatch. etc. 2005. RSPA’s Office of Pipeline Safety programs moved to the new PHMSA.gov/ https://en.18 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM DH S No t if i c at i o n s B y Un it P e r F i sc al Y ea r 2003 . RSPA = US Research and Special Programs Administration. some near misses • Pipeline breaches o NTSB Info about recent pipeline incidents. Information and statistics on the risks. NTSB = US National Transportation Safety Board.ntsb. All references to predecessor agencies are designated as PHMSA in NTSB reports. frequency. That duty falls to whatever agency normally has oversight for whatever form of transportation experienced the problem investigated.23 19 http://www. and tied up in geeky language. 21 US Federal PHMSA References in this write-up include: • • • • DOT = US Department of Transportation.gov/investigations/reports_pipeline.scribd.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . sometimes seems elusive.org/?p=1632 22 Pronounced “FIM-sa” by insiders. The NTSB has no authority to have anything fixed. 23 In a DOT reorganization.2013 US Federal NTSB The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)19 investigates disasters and accidents which occur with: • Aviation crashes. NTSB can help with military and foreign government incidents NTSB was founded by the US government in 1967 as the federal government's primary accident investigation agency for all modes of transportation. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.

com/tags/topic/Pipeline+and+Hazardous+Materials+Safety+Administration http://primis. the landscape or geography has prompted specialized rules.S. methods of installation.naturalgaswatch. Pipelines are now regulated by the US Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration. than instruments designed to detect leaks. than the companies whose pipelines are leaking.24 The PHMSA commissioned a study. As of late 2012.mtg?fil=397 https://www. statutory amendments or issuance of Commission orders.nytimes.html?_r=0 26 http://www. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.csmonitor. there has been no need for certain initiatives within a state.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . such as a pipeline explosion or the discovery of a material defect in a particular pipeline system. Dept of Transportation (DoT). and 5) The public’s demand and/or tolerance for more stringent rules is greater in certain 24 25 http://www.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Compendium-FINAL-NAPSR-Oct-282011-First-EditionR-2. to be published in 2013. • Leaks are more likely to be detected by ground and air patrols. 2) Pipeline operator practices differ with respect to materials selected.3 million miles of gas pipeline are subject to NAPSR’s approximately 300 inspectors. 3) In some areas of the country. Pipeline safety does not lend itself to a one-size-fits-all approach for the following reasons: 1) Certain states may have a history of a specific problem or incident that prompted the initiation of rulemaking. the study is in draft form. 26 There are many reasons for maintaining a variety of pipeline safety initiatives. and operational and maintenance approaches.25 Findings include: • Leaks are more likely to be detected by the general public.dot. NAPSR members have oversight responsibilities for the safe and reliable transportation of natural gas and hazardous liquids through pipelines. Here is NAPSA 355 page state to state natural gas pipeline regulations comparison 2nd edition.com/2012/12/22/us/study-finds-flaws-in-pipeline-leak-detection-systems.phmsa. 4) In other areas of the country. published in 2013. and being reported on by some news media.scribd. Through a unique partnership with the U.pdf 19 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.gov/meetings/FilGet.19 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM In the USA. They had an earlier version in 2011. Puerto Rico and the District of Columbia. Nearly 90% of the nation’s 2. into the quality of industry leak detection systems. US Federal Secretary of Transportation This individual has responsibility for the US Department of Transportation (DOT) regulatory agencies doing a proper job. US States Gov level National Association of Pipeline Safety Representatives NAPSR members represent the 48 contiguous states.

state. so these become places to visit.apscservices.fire.psc. 45 states have implemented at least one initiative above and beyond the minimum requirements of the Code of Federal Regulations which apply to one or more pipeline operators within their states.org/pipelinesafety/pipelinesafety.azcc.htm • AK No State Program PHMSA.puc.gov/cs/Satellite?c=Page&childpagename=DORAPUC%2FDORALayout&cid =1251632608618&p=1251632608618&pagename=CBONWrapper • CT Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP) http://www.gov/pipelinesafety/ • IN Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission http://www. National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners NARUC is the national association representing the state public service commissioners who regulate essential utility services such as electricity.us/Energy/gps/gas_pipeline_safety_section. Over 1. • AZ Arizona Corporation Commission (ACC) http://www. State .dcpsc.asp • AR Arkansas Public Service Commission http://www. • ID Idaho Public Utilities Commission http://www.htm • IL Illinois Commerce Commission http://www.illinois.gov/PUC/safety/Pipeline/ • CO Colorado Public Utilities Commission http://www.al. when there is some serious event in their state.asp • AR Arkansas Oil and Gas Commission http://www.ar.state. water. Pipeline Safety Websites by US State The names of some of the institutions are evidently over more than pipelines.info/PSOIndex.gov/iurc/2335. for relevant info.(Office of Pipeline Safety) retains federal oversight of all pipelines.icc. As of the 2013 NAPSA report.idaho.asp • HI No State Program PHMSA.ga.cpuc.com • GA Georgia Public Service Commission http://www.gov/pura/cwp/view.gov/naturalgas. natural gas.in.Floridapsc.(Office of Pipeline Safety) retains federal oversight of all pipelines.gov/divisions/Safety/default. and telecommunications.psc.Website AL Alabama Public Service Commission http://www.ct.asp?a=3363&Q=492678&puraNav_GID=1702 • DC District of Columbia Public Service Commission http://www. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.360 specific pipeline safety initiatives in 23 categories ranging from enhanced reporting to record keeping to cathodic protection to design and installation requirements have been adopted by states to assist in pipeline safety oversight.aogc.scribd.ca.shtml • FL Public Service Commission www.htm • 20 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.20 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM areas in the country.state.State Agency .asp • DE Delaware Public Service Commission http://depsc. Formalized pipeline replacement programs have been employed by many states to address the aging pipeline infrastructure.colorado.gov/pipeline/pipeline.us/ • CA California State Fire Marshall http://osfm.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .us/facilitiesprotect/fp_pipesafe/fp_pipesafe.gov/PIPELINES/PIPELINES.delaware.php • CA California Public Utilities Commission http://www.ca.

ne.ny.us/programs/pipeline.mass.pr/ RI Rhode Island Division of Public Utilities & Carriers http://www.state.us/consumer_info/natural_gas/pipeline_safety.aspx MS Mississippi Public Service Commission http://www.psc.ripuc.shtml TX Railroad Commission of Texas http://www.cfm/consumer-information/consumertopics/naturalgas-pipeline-safety-in-ohio/ OK Oklahoma Corporation Commission http://www.state.htm NJ New Jersey Board of Public Utilities http://www.pdf SC Office of Regulatory Staff of South Carolina http://www.gov/pipeline.md.gov/mpsc/0.us/pucn/GasHomePage.nh.htm NY New York State Department of Public Service http://www.cfm?md=pagebuilder&tmp=home&pid=144 ME Maine Public Utilities Commission http://www.puc.aspx SD South Dakota Public Utilities Commission http://www.state.php OH Ohio Public Utilities Commission http://www.regulatorystaff.html VT Vermont Department of Public Service http://publicservice.kcc.nmprc.mn.gov/pipelinesafety/default.us/pipeline/pipeline.html KS Kansas Corporation Commission http://www.oregon.nj.org/rulesregs/divrules/gas_pipeline_safety.com/tr/PLShome.tx.dps.gov/eea/grants-and-tech-assistance/guidancetechnicalassistance/agencies-and-divisions/dpu/dpu-divisions/pipeline-safety-division/ MI Michigan Public Service Commission http://www.puc.rrc.us/Intranet/home.puc.ks.state.gov/tra/gassafety.occeweb. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.gov/pipeline/ NE Nebraska State Fire Marshal http://www.maine.html NV Public Utilities Commission of Nevada http://pucweb1.gov/topics/naturalgas_propane • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 21 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.gobierno.scribd.html MO Missouri Public Service Commission http://psc.michigan.7-15916385---.ms.ohio.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .psc.gov/puc/Pages/safety/gassafety.gov/Safety/safety.state.gov/naturalgas/Pages/PipelineSafety.aspx PR Puerto Rico Public Service Commission http://www.us/pipeline/index.aspx TN Tennessee Regulatory Authority http://www.gov/home/pipelinesafety LA Louisiana Department of Natural Resources http://dnr.gov/programsservices/fuels/pipeline/index.htm ND North Dakota Public Service Commission http://psc.us/psb.tn.csp.gov/puco/index.00.21 • • • • • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM IA Iowa Utilities Board http://www.ia.us/industries/naturalgas/pipelinesafety.sd.gov/index.nc.nd.sfm.state.htm OR Oregon Public Utilities Commission http://www.htm KY Kentucky Public Service Commission http://www.gov/ NC North Carolina Utilities Commission http://www.state.us/iub/energy/index.sc.gov/mpuc/natural_gas/natural_gas_safety/index.gov/General/Pipeline_Safety MT Montana Public Service Commission http://psc.php UT Utah Department of Commerce.html MD Public Service Commission of Maryland http://webapp.nv.html MN Department of Public Safety https://dps.aspx PA Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission http://www.ky.mo.ncuc.mt.vermont.gov/divisions/ops/pages/default.aspx NH New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission http://www.4639.cfm MA Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities http://www. Division of Public Utilities http://publicutilities.state.psc.louisiana.us/bpu/about/divisions/reliability/ NM New Mexico Public Regulation Commission http://www.gov/jurisdiction/pipelines/index.commerce.utah.puco.pa.state.nm.state.

htm https://www.gov/urs/pipe/index.wi. at the local municipal level.com/u/0/110340179058825009829/about http://faculty. Canadian Energy Pipeline Association30 Center for Energy31 https://plus. which USA has at the federal level.marianopolis.state.wv. including Hydro power • Highways • Internet • Newspapers • Pipelines • Radio and TV • Railways • Snail Mail • Telegraph • Telephone • Water Thanks to G+ contact Oksana Szulhan27 for some of this info. Canada’s public utility28 regulators:29 • The outstanding institution designed to regulate federal utilities is the Board of Railway Commissioners.htm WY Wyoming Public Service Commission http://psc. There can also be regulations etc.scc.com/search?client=ubuntu&channel=fs&q=canada%2Bpublic+utility+regulations&ie= utf-8&oe=utf-8 30 http://www.htm • • Canadian Government Many governments of the world have similar systems to USA.virginia. which bears a name that inadequately illustrates its • • 27 28 29 varied and extensive functions.edu/c.google. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.us/htdocs/pipe_water_new.htm WI Wisconsin Public Service Commission http://psc.gov/publicSafety/pipelineSafety/Pages/default.aspx WA Washington Utilities and Transportation Commission http://www.gov/utilityInfo/gas/pipelineSafety. Public utilities can include: • Being owned by government • Canals • Electricity.us/div/gaspipelinesafety.wa.cepa.state.google.aspx WV Public Service Commission of West Virginia http://www.utc.psc.scribd. but may have at the provincial state level some things. or vice versa.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .wy.com/about-pipelines/pipeline-design-construction/regulation-and-standards 22 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.22 • • • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM VA Virginia State Corporation Commission http://www.belanger/quebechistory/encyclopedia/PublicUtilitiesinCanada.

and keep the public informed. Association of American Railroads They promote safety.html 33 https://www. industry associations.com/AboutUs/OurPartners/PartnerProfiles.ca/clf-nsi/rcmmn/hm-eng.com/keye/ 40 http://www. opposed to some energy practices.greenrightnow. American Petroleum Institute This is an industry association. which has some safety standards.37 about fracking across our world. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. such as energy topics.com/keye/category/energy/ 23 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.neb-one.blogspot.com/ 37 http://www.greenrightnow. Gas Wells are not our friends Gas Wells are not our friends is an activist organization.scribd. activists. Green Living Guy Green Living Guy38 is an environmental blog.aar.com/ 39 http://www. some of which could stand improvements.org/Pages/Home.23 • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM National Energy Board32 US Non-Government Info sources There are various private interests which look into various problems.gaslandthemovie. Green Right Now Green Right Now39 is a blog which focuses on sustainable living.asp?Partner=10 http://www. 33 Atomic Insights Atomic Insights34 is a Pro-nuclear advocate.com/ 35 http://www.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .36 Gas Land Film Gas Land is a film series.aspx 34 http://atomicinsights. De Smog blog Desmogblog35 combats PR which pollutes climate change science. 40 31 32 http://www.com/ 36 http://dearsusquehanna.desmogblog.com/ 38 http://greenlivingguy. such as NGOs. and news media organizations.centreforenergy.gc. and improvements in safety standards.

we are seeing stories about disasters. where some companies failed to do proper inspections.scribd.411experts." Santa says companies would inspect their lines. with or without regulations. or maintenance. Interstate Natural Gas Association of America Don Santa. says companies are motivated to keep their systems safe. "It's also quite frankly not in the company's best interest for its shareholders to have pipelines with incidents or those that can't deliver natural gas. which can communicate lessons learned from one local incident.org/2014/02/22/280991672/explosion-on-ky-natural-gas-pipeline-under-investigation http://www. then using what is reported under those rules. with or without regulations. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. to describe reality.npr. to its members in other communities.24 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM International Association of Fire Chiefs This is an industry association.41 However. One thing that annoys them is a set of government regulations which define what scenarios are to be reported.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .com/ 24 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. Nat Gas Consulting Nat Gas Consulting42 is dedicated to a safer natural gas system for the public. 41 42 http://www. president of the Interstate Natural Gas Association of America. "Safety's important." he says. when a complete picture is very different. it's part of our social license for doing business.

but it is unclear to me whether they are a blog.411experts. to its members in other communities. or what.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . This chart is "skyrocketing" into the stratosphere! And certainly speaks volumes about the decline in natural gas safety in all our neighborhoods! National Emergency Number Association This is an industry association. but there’s lots of useful info on the site.org/ • http://switchboard. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. which can communicate lessons learned from one local incident.nrdc.naturalgaswatch. I have their new info via RSS to Google News Reader. from before I discovered their existence.nrdc.scribd. an industry association.org/blogs/amall/ Natural Gas Watch http://www.com/ 25 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.org/ = This is a great source of news. • http://www. National Resources Defense Council National Resources Defense Council (NRDC) is an environmental group with many posts about the oil and gas industry. 43 http://www.25 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Nat Gas Consulting43 thinks the best measurement of natural gas company safety (or lack of) performance is the "Property Damage" stats & charts which factors-in cost of living changes over the years.

some of which overlap some of my other research interests.-based group devoted to improving pipeline safety. are: • BP Gulf of Mexico oil spill disaster. "The way the pipeline safety regulations work is they don't often have a 55 mph sign. which I downloaded while reading up on the 2013 Jan 28 Senate hearing. wiped out every living thing in a beautiful salmon stream.46 They specialize in journalism which shines a light on exploitation of the weak by the strong. where pollution is deliberately pumped underground.org/series/injection-wells/ 26 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. While prosecuting that incident the U.propublica.49 • Keystone Pipeline Controversy.26 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Pipeline Research Council International This is an industry association.' " he says.S.org is a Bellingham. Wash.50 44 For more info on this organization. security vs. Justice Department was so aghast at the way the pipeline company had operated and maintained its pipeline. Pipeline Safety Trust Pipeline Safety Trust http://www. Carl Weimer.propublica. What they more often would have is a smiley-face sign that says.pipelinesafetytrust. compares the federal rules to a highway speed-limit sign.org/2014/02/22/280991672/explosion-on-ky-natural-gas-pipeline-under-investigation 46 https://www. drones. that the Department asked the federal courts to set aside money from the settlement of that case to create the Pipeline Safety Trust as an independent national watchdog organization over both the industry and the regulators.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .org/topic/gulf-oil-spill/ 48 https://www. which is able to develop improvements in state-of-art of pipeline safety inspections.wikipedia.48 • Injection Wells. and equally aghast at the lack of oversight from federal regulators.scribd.45 Pro Publica https://www. and on the failures of those with power to vindicate the trust placed in them. and government misconduct. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.org/ = Journalism in the public interest. executive director of the nonprofit Pipeline Safety Trust. They have many focus areas. They are a non-profit.47 • Fracking. 44 The Pipeline Safety Trust came into being after 1999 Olympic Pipeline tragedy in Bellingham. civil liberties. Of relevance to these notes.org/about/ https://en.org/wiki/ProPublica 47 https://www. 45 http://www. Washington which left three young people dead. and caused millions of dollars of economic disruption. which advocates stronger oversight.npr. 'Drive safe. economic issues.propublica.propublica. nuclear safety and other critical infrastructure. also see US Senate Pipeline PST 2013 Jan.org/series/fracking/ 49 https://www.propublica. such as: disaster recovery mismanagement.

Climate Politics Part of the debate.org 56 http://www. Environmental organizations. This MLP tax break will cost taxpayers about $1. The place sounds like an activist group opposed to this form of energy.scribd. foreign and domestic.org/article/underground-industry-gas-pipelines-are-big-business-but-lightlyregulated 53 http://saneenergyproject. spills.sierraclub. and is leading to MLP companies gobbling up energy resources owned by other types of companies which cannot compete with MLP.org/ https://en. explosions.51 Pipelines underground USA without adequate regulation.org/ 55 http://350.propublica.org/article/pipelines-explained-how-safe-are-americas-2.5 billion Oct 2010 to Sep 2015. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.org/wiki/Sierra_Club 27 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. and the need to convert to more green energy.propublica. over what to do about a crumbling transportation infrastructure with an epidemic of ruptures.propublica.org/article/explainer-what-is-the-keystone-xl-pipeline-and-why-is-it-socontroversial 51 https://www.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .org/ 54 http://un-naturalgas.wikipedia. where each partner’s slice of the corporate profits are counted as ordinary individual income by the IRS.5-million-miles-ofpipelines https://projects. is the impact on the environment of America’s dependence on oil.org/ https://en. such as the 35% income tax. include: • 350 org55 • Sierra Club56 Tax Economics According to 2013 Jan-28 => Feb-3 Bloomberg Business Week Magazine pages 26-28 article “It pays to own a pipeline”: Congress encourages the energ y industry with a Master Limited Partnership (MLP) tax break. and encourages renewable infrastructure. which are speaking out on the issues. Un-Natural Gas Un-Natural Gas org54 has a collection of resources about the hazards of natural gas.org/pipelines/ 52 https://www. Go to Google.propublica.org/wiki/350.52 The search engine on Pro Publica does not work very well.27 • • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Pipeline safety in USA. 50 https://www. and search for: • Propublica Pipeline Sane Energy Project The Sane Energy Project org53 fights fossil fuel and nuclear infrastructure. exempting the organization from most taxes.wikipedia.

someone representing an insurance company. as they reported hair raising tales of people struggling to get out. and quality plans for disaster response • Cyber security adequate • Sufficient and proper insurance • Relevant ISO validation of industry best practices • Regulatory compliance Outside auditors can include auditing firms contracted with the organization to perform certain checks. and give a heads up what needs to be looking at. These outside organizations should be aware of each other. inspectors from a government regulatory agency. to avoid duplication of effort. Instead of canceling this deal. Exxon Mobile 2. should have both internal and external auditors. have revealed that they were in buildings not designed for evacuation in the event of an emergency. In the event of a power outage. whether for-profit. This can be provided via batteries inside lights at strategic intervals in interior hallways and stairwells. the light 28 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. the battery is recharged.28 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Opponents say this is one of the most profitable US industries. As of the time of the article. This hardware needs periodic testing to identify when batteries need replacement. the largest US energy businesses are: 1. or industry standards organization. Congress extends it to more industries which have been complaining about the unfairness. and talk to each other. or others. non-profit. incorporated or not.000 miles of pipelines Company Auditors Most every organization. One of the cheapest approaches is having a flashlight plugged into a wall socket.scribd. where the hardware detects the power outage. and most news stories seemed oblivious to this. Depending on industry. an MLP which now owns 75. and size of organization. illuminates the place until the battery is exhausted. First Aid for Buildings Testimony. people need emergency lighting. of survivors of several recent disasters. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. to check that the organization meets certain standards. Chevron 3. so why should it get this tax break. When the power goes out. Kinder Morgan Energy Pipelines. before filing them • Employee training certifications • Safe operations.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . When the electricity is working. these typically include: • Financial records audits • Inventory process and accuracy audits • Check input to tax returns.

Thus. they too could be illuminated this way. whether on rail roads or tanker trucks on highways. but is it too expensive to install where there is high density of people and expensive property.57 In the San Bruno disaster. we often see the same reasons why they occurred. equipped in this way. and took immediate action. because off-duty employees. when an explosion starts. Building maintenance people should have a check list. the pipeline company ought to have the means to remotely shut off fuel for the disaster to continue to flow into the fire. Safety Standards need upgrades Technology continues to march forwards making it practical for us to do things impossible when our public utilities infrastructure was originally installed ½ a century or more ago. to show nature of content risks (corrosive. We need to figure out ways to apply the new technology to improve safety.29 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM goes on. in addition to remote shut down capabilities. to get shut down. without waiting until the infrastructure dies of old age . how often to replace all the batteries. and public utility personnel are such that in any disaster it will take them many hours before they can do anything constructive to deal with the crisis? When there is an explosion. which occur again and again. Gas Explosion Common Causes / Mitigation Ideas In looking up details of how come this or that disaster incident.com/News/201212130022 29 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. Some mitigation may be too expensive to install on all the millions of pipelines. who did have the tools and know-how. they would be able to contact the utilities involved. an employee who did not have the tools or know-how to do a shut down. If the fire dept had info on utility lines running thru their community. use the flash light to direct evacuation. fire.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . utilities need to provide fire departments with maps of what kind of materials are moving through what lines where under the city county etc. are required to be labeled. such as in cities? How about places where transportation systems. San Bruno was not the only disaster with this kind of scenario. Wherever fire extinguishers are available. with some pipeline.scribd. we have the ability to go from lessons learned to implementing better solutions. just in case. fold down the plug. request a shut-down almost immediately. but there is no such federal mandate for this protection. Vehicles carrying hazardous materials. 57 http://wvgazette. about the disaster. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. also found out from the news. It still took over an hour and a half between start of disaster. protected by what fire depts. By reviewing the causes. It got shut down. in the area. Every exit needs an EXIT sign above the doorway. and the fuel to it. people can pull the light out of the wall. sent an employee to investigate. HQ found out about it from the news.

Other robots could travel above the ground. employee training. There are already standards in manufacturing. etc.30 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM poisonous. around where there are pipelines. the pipeline company send an inspector. and inspecting the veracity of markers showing where the utility line exists.scribd. to let them know that the pipeline company is experiencing some problem. • A system for notifying the political jurisdictions of any change in hazards and risks associated with products flowing through what pipelines. should get a relay to first responders nearest the crisis. 30 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. and the company’s paperwork include descriptions of the material risk. • Alarms notification such that any alarm going off more than some set time period. when it is not too late to repair it. how to cope with spills. flammable or whatever). to make sure the exposed pipes have not been damaged by the construction effort. A new task could be added to these robots. rescue work there. counties. stuff leaks out. with periodic inspections to make sure the labeling has not got obscured. states) through which it travels. construction regulatory agencies which approve building work which could intersect the pipeline). mapping the shape of the ground. for ease of access in case of a derailment. to provide mapping updates about the cross-section size of the pipe. regulatory reporting etc. We need some kind of technology to study an underground pipe. communicated to the jurisdictions thru which it flows. While electricity and fuel don’t mix. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. both for public safety. the standards should include the following: • Map of the pipeline network. and not getting it resolved as timely as usual. there is a directory of contents. and other maintenance needs. All of this can go into a data base. checking for leaks. identifying the political jurisdictions (cities. accessible by anyone doing any future construction work there. until at some point either the leak ignites. and where. Utility companies have robots which can swim down the pipelines. cleanup. • Product types which can go down any pipeline. • Whenever the ground needs to get dug up for other construction. Something similar is desirable for pipelines. where hazardous materials need to be labeled properly. or the pressure blows a hole in the leak. with directory of what institutions within those jurisdictions need to be aware of this network (first responders such as fire dept.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . without pipeline company satisfactorily resolving the situation. and its depth below the ground. and to help first responders to any crisis. to detect whether this stuff is happening. with their associated hazardous labeling information. • Above ground labeling where the pipeline is located. underground pipelines tend to deteriorate. there are ways to manufacture robots so that they are totally insulated from the fuel getting to the electrical activities. how big they are. Many gas line explosions are because construction crews do not know exactly where utility lines are under ground. I think that when a pipeline is carrying hazardous materials. welds come apart. Over time. which could have eroded since the utility company maps were issued. how deep or shallow they are under ground. When a train’s various cars are assembled for a journey. before the ground is filled in again. the leak point gets bigger.

and how well they are meeting their responsibilities. state public utility regulatory agencies. This justifies sufficient Universal Power Supply (UPS)58 to implement 58 Many computer users should be familiar with UPS. etc. then I think summary reports of audits should go to relevant organizations. since the pricing has dropped to maybe $50 for one of these for normal computer usage. See: • • • 1981 Aug San Francisco PG&E Pipeline leak 2008 Dec Rancho Cordova PG&E Pipeline explosion 2010 Sep San Bruno PG&E Pipeline leak & fire NTSB investigations found similar and identical deficiencies at PG&E significantly contributing to all those disasters. kept informed of the original investigation. state public utility regulatory agencies. which should be in approx 6 months. Here is a summary of what the audit found. there should be later follow-up to determine if any corrective action has been taken. Here is a list of those materials. The follow-up reports should be made available to all the same local fire dept. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. we can reasonably expect more similar events in the future. When the risk threatens potential victims outside of the company. See 1983 Sep 23 repeated in 2012. If they are not resolved.scribd. shut themselves down. such as: • Accounting Records • Cyber attack risk mitigation and prevention • Inventory Accuracy • ISO – various kinds • Worker Safety Training Standards I think there similarly should be audits of what companies are supposed to be doing to mitigate risks with hazardous materials.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . how about doing it only where there is high human population density? See 2012 Oct-Nov Sandy. Many years ago they were only affordable by large corporate 31 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. Places which could get such summary reports could include local fire dept. if there is a bad incident in the future. Would it be economical for gas regulators to have sensors to detect water. Pipelines need power. When serious deficiencies are found in an incident investigation. and send warning message how come? If too expensive along millions of miles of all pipelines. • There was an audit of our safety procedures. We will send a follow-up report when the mitigation is audited. from electrical systems placed at risk by flooding. Who to contact for more info.31 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Different kinds of audits are conducted by audit companies. to state: • Our company is processing materials where a potential risk exists of a disaster which could be harmful to our community.

This is with a $59 unit. This runs off of a gas generator. Perhaps it is too expensive to have support for 100% of pipelines able to be shut down rapidly in a crisis. in case of water get to it. the UPS battery supplies the power the computer needs. So a few months after new management. But no facility should be ignored in perpetuity. for ½ an hour or more. and need for greater maintenance inspections with the older equipment. needs follow-up on the pace of resolution. Ideally such facilities have a UPS to supply systems immediately after power outage. rate of consumption. to shut down gas delivery in an emergency. Larger units can support batteries that last for longer time periods. so that after shutdown. For example. the UPS measures battery power left. can be much more dangerous if done wrong. until the SPS can be started up. 59 Does that make sense? Safety Standards Enforcement Lacking Many industries need Safety Standards. If the outage is just a flicker.32 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM emergency shutdowns. The price of UPS dropped from typically $50.naturalgaswatch. is it too expensive to do this where there is high human population density? • Could fire dept personnel get training. or an illegal immigrant who does not know our language or culture.000 to $50 in a couple of decades. and cause short. industry uses an SPS = Standby Power System. the UPS also does a shut down. Some hospitals have units which can supply their facility for days. and informs the computer. of the work being done at some companies. enforced by wise government regulations. a company with many violations in one inspection. because the risks of break down are greater. When longer term emergency power is needed.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . Place the UPS itself far enough from the gas. where they do not have remote shut down support? Want a job as a pipe line inspector? No experience necessary. the computer keeps running smoothly. no problem. Review my chapter on Gas Explosions in Perspective. In the event of a power outage.org/?p=1673 32 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. which avoid heavy handed oversight of companies which are doing things safely. This explains why UPS systems would not be found as part of an infrastructure which was build 50-100 years ago. certification.scribd. See 2012 Dec 11 WV. 59 http://www. Perhaps reporting to government inspection authority should include any change in personnel who decide policies which impact safety. and more frequent inspections than at a company where nothing is found to be wrong. there could be an inspection to make sure they are doing computing centers. See that we have the combined issues of old age with public utilities. Even a college dropout can get the job. which gets to the gas. However. Inside the UPS is a battery. The nature. as the growth in PC usage and PC networks fueled a market demand for UPS. which performs an orderly shutdown. Public Utility power flows to UPS then to computer. But it makes sense to add it to an infrastructure which we may continue to be using for the next 20-40 years. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. so maybe they should be inspected more often than facilities where any accident would be mild. If the outage is prolonged. then notify the gas company where they did it and why? • Can gas companies have helicopter on standby for rapid delivery of crews to emergencies.

and the construction crew may not know what to do about it. • So we have some dead. and any company policies on a safety culture have not been sacrificed by any new management changes in policies. and that construction companies employees are properly trained. and whoever maintains property ownership mapping. and property lines. from where the flow can be stopped when there is an emergency. • Along comes a construction crew. to verify they have the proper training? I know there are voluntary audits like ISO 9000. where there are valves. All organizations operating pipelines or storage of natural gas. including fire dept. or any other flammable materials. In their digging. • The gas leak can reach some ignition source and boom. • Segments of this map to be shared with communities where it goes thru. oil. with a map. along the path of utility lines. • GPS coordinates. Are there any audits of construction companies. insist on interim protections. and training of the people operating the construction equipment. showing: • Where it is relative to street maps. operators of back hoe and other construction equipment. • When seconds count. Part of the inspection regimen should be to verify that utility lines are properly marked.33 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM at least as good a job with safety as the prior personnel. lots injured. the fire dept is minutes away. or other flammable fluid. Well I have some proposed solutions to this dismal state of affairs. It may or may not be properly marked. so that the local governments can choose to shut down dangerous places until fixed.scribd. including local utility companies. 33 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. $ millions in property damage.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . Construction Collision Avoidance A humongous volume of gas explosions are triggered as follows: • There is an underground pipeline carrying gas or oil. but how about government audits like OSHA? Inspection agencies should send reports to local government when they find serious problems. or apply other pressures. I think this has got to be a combination of the proper marking labeling that the gas line is there. • There needs to be periodic inspections above ground. they accidentally breach the pipeline. should be required to have info on where they are underground. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. to be updated as new streets get added. • Now we have a gas leak. which apparently does not know the pipeline is there. which may or may not be promptly noticed. the local utility company maybe ½ an hour away. Many gas explosions seem to have a common cause of construction crews accidentally breaching a gas line. • People may not get evacuated from local buildings fast enough. and map symbol. to make sure the lines are properly marked.

or other local gov office. o Call the boss. the organization operating it. Anyone doing construction work should be required to: • Have gas leak detectors provided to the construction crew. • If there is in fact a utility line below where the construction will be done: o Construction plans may need to be postponed until the weather is Ok to cut off the fuel to local buildings. needs to notify. that they know how to prevent a breach of the line. gas. to warn them of the need for evacuation. and here is phone # of local gas utility company. including the local company which supplies electric gas water sewer etc. o The construction organization needs to show certification of training by crew members working that site. they went to the site with GPS to map out the area to be affected. a copy of the documentation showing that they know they are doing it in a safe manner not at risk of causing a gas leak. Form(s) then go to several places. sharing a map of the path. which does not have the correct signage. with those communities: • Fire dept • If there is no city engineer office to manage permits for construction. and arrest anyone who defies the police order. How construction organization would know there is no risk of them causing a gas leak: • Prior to starting construction work. then the local gas utility company should have access to map showing such pipelines in their community. and filled in form(s) identifying location both by street address. also to be called. • That local community would then match data from the form(s) with their map of utility lines. because the gas leak may lead to an explosion. that they observed this construction work.34 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM When there is a pipeline carrying or storing. The notified office would then check to see that the construction organization has in fact filed the proper paperwork. and that they have relevant authority over other members of the crew. or other disaster. o Call 911. o Knock on doors of buildings within a block radius. along with a check list of what must be done the instant a gas leak is detected. to see whether or not they have any below where the construction work is planned. • If the police see some outfit doing construction work. • Have signage identifying who is doing this work … company name. human name … and have at the construction site. with a heads up.scribd. and may send relevant inspectors to the site. and GPS dimensions. for periodic checking. 34 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. • If the signage appears to meet police view. which cannot go without it in seasons of adverse weather. or other flammables. oil. to ensure this safety. to the community. they should order the place to halt the work until this is corrected. the police dept should do a heads up to fire dept. • The purpose for this is for construction work to have a local logical place to contact to find out whether or not construction is at risk of breaching a pipeline. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. for all communities along its path. in addition to their own.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .

• When you smell this outdoors. what smell is used to identify a gas leak.35 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Safety Education desirable A recurring problem. and put it up to your nose. had not been on a path to mitigate the consequences. but don’t stay around to argue with other people. maybe the insurance companies do. what does it mean? • When you smell this indoors. In my opinion. place them at risk of triggering the spark. associated with certain types of emergencies. where there are witnesses. what should you do? • When you have a phone book at home. logging changes. scratch off layer of this thing. and if you know the #. It’s job would include identifying ANY location where there is construction equipment working in close proximity to the pipeline. the gas companies should develop inexpensive ways to educate a larger public. like cell phones. After a gas explosion. using different intensities in the demonstration. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. just in case? • Do things people typically carry. get out. public utilities. photographing the ground above a pipeline. I can envisage a drone sent on a regular basis. the process of interviewing possible witnesses should include demonstrating to them what a gas leak would smell like. For example. is that people reported that they had smelled gas in advance of the event. urge other people to leave. get out. If the utility companies don’t want to do this. but apparently had not known what to do about it. get out. call the gas company. to fly the length of a pipeline. who could have acted to mitigate the coming disaster. Pipeline personnel would then be dispatched 35 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. with construction equipment hitting or damaging the line. does it have those same emergency #s. what should you do? Get out of the building. We see the same kind of scenario with other disasters. Then after you get out. easily accessible. • When you smell this. or what they had done. cigarettes. to determine whether those witnesses were able to correctly smell one.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . your doctor. call 911. • If you have a cell phone. in multiple gas explosion stories. and how intense it was. Drone Patrol I am not a big fan of drones. That is what a gas leak smells like. there should be an effort to demonstrate to school children. where to call. what kinds of emergency #s should be readily available in the front? 911. but I think they are an answer to a recurring challenge. in the utility bills. had they only had the education to alert them what their civic duty was. it is very dangerous. laptops. SOMEONE does construction work near a pipeline. that sets off these explosions? In my opinion.scribd. leading ultimately to a damaging rupture. where over the life of a pipeline. comparing it to last time.

for example) to designated persons. • 2010 July Marshall Mi Oil Spill 2012 January. and to make sure they are obeying all safety protocols. It is much easier to train them how to do the job properly. and if they do not respond within some specified time period. Local 911 offices would be notified about drone operations in and thru their areas. the disaster could have been averted. Years ago. not better. 36 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. There would be notations in the event log of the pipeline. Had there been better alarms management training. which I wrote about separately in my Cruise Ship Oops notes. He said that when we have this equipment. • 1989 Ufa Russia.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . Also. it could have been vastly more serious. and inform management that we have lost contact with some site. Had this happened anywhere else. because the ship’s crew’s contribution to disaster recovery was negative … they made the situation worse. by the construction organization. regarding pipeline safety. send alerts by various means (e-mail. and how to function when it breaks down. they should be reported to state and federal public utility regulators. It seems today that we have companies employees trained in neither how to operate the equipment. where alarms went off. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. computers can monitor error messages. phone. For example. I had an anti-technology boss. Drone fuel can be supplied by a laser beam from a drone relay control vehicle parked on nearby highway. regarding pipeline safety. to photograph any violation of pipeline safety. alarms should be relayed so that there is more than one location / set of personnel to discover there is a problem. such as far from shore. regarding this encounter Alarms Ignorance There have been many serious disasters. there was an incident with a cruise ship in Italy. various types of incidents. or there were other instrument readings.36 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM to those locations to identify operators of the construction equipment. A separate drone might be dispatched to circle that location until the construction effort is completed. or relevant employees did not understand what the alarms meant. perhaps we should initiate a call to make sure they are Ok. Perhaps in the most dangerous industries. when the equipment is not in the picture.scribd. escalate up the hierarchy of who should be notified. nor in how to function when it breaks down. The most serious probably include: • BP Gulf Oil Spill. showing they know what they are doing. If they do not have the proper paperwork. the disaster would not have occurred. and act on it. computers can observe that they have not received certain standard communications in some time frame. but they were ignored. which was caused by many different problems. in case some witness of drones call in as suspicious. we have to train people how to operate it properly. or far from first responders. where many of them individually without them.

which already know how to wire homes for burglar alarms. to add services to notify the fire dept when there is a smoke alarm. by which time it may be too late for them. which is not locally resolved rapidly (because the normal resident is not home). which notify 911. It seems to me that there is a nitch business opportunity here for companies like ADT.37 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM There should be periodic testing of any system. Sales and financing of better alarm systems could also be aided by insurance companies.scribd. like is sometimes done with burglar alarms. and in my bedroom. in case a lamp falls over. when testing. or do not have a good brain for knowing what to do when there is a gas smell. and to test it regularly. it cannot be heard by people in other apartments. with many people occupancy. but maybe I should know how to do that myself. computer hardware which can get hot) and something flammable (my books). at least one detector. would lower our premiums by how much. It seems to me that there is also a need for gas detectors. in buildings whose residents do not have a good nose for smells. like was the case in an Asian Tsunami which killed massive people. to make sure the alerts are not going to the spam folder of an office closed for the weekend. the other sound meaning “the problem is not right here. When we get our periodic premiums. would trigger a slightly different sound alarm some place else. relevant services depending on the type of alarm. If it is known that some buildings have a system like this. If there are excessive false alarms some place. to have something like this.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . I inform my apartment management when one seems to need a battery replacement.” Maybe 911 should be called automatically. When the alarm sounds. and given a recorded message. if we are interested. So I see room for improvement in this technology. which if we had them. we might be reminded of services. Alarms Missing In my apartment I have smoke detectors near kitchen appliances. who never got the warnings relayed to them. and in a couple other instances like when I had popcorn in the microwave oven for more minutes than ideal. Maybe I should add more where I have both an ignition source (lighting. and there could be a mild fine for the trouble this caused local emergency services. It is required by law for me to have this protection.” These proposed alarms should be audible outside of where the leak exists. so other patrons of a building know that an immediate evacuation is prudent. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. that should make them eligible for lower insurance rates. until their alarm goes off. and here’s leads or tips how to check on those services. but in a nearby location within the same building complex. that means the local people have neglected to deal with a contractor to fix the problem. Maybe such an alarm going off one place. water heater. insurance companies could recommend to their clients which have large structures. 37 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. and conversely. Have a sign on the detector saying: “GET OUT then call 911.

see 2012 Oct 12. Natural Gas is odorless. but no one called the gas company in sufficient time to avert the disaster. There are multiple incidents where after the explosion. Industry Blind Spots To err is human. They tell everyone that it smells like rotten eggs. over-ruling the wisdom of lower down employees who are experts in topic-X. send them brochure how to detect trouble coming. perhaps because of a management hierarchy where it is impossible for any one person to be an expert in all areas. safety and quality best practices.com/collections/3807680/Drone-Info 38 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. so these organizations make mistakes. many report smelling gas.scribd. Well. I have been thinking about this problem. Topic-X includes: being able to walk in customer shoes. PHMSA and local public utility commissions ought to review that this is in fact being done. suggesting improvements to safety procedures to mitigate this problem area. so the gas companies add a chemical so human noses can smell it. Then when the local first responders know that this risk exists in their area. people in the area are interviewed. If the leak is mild. People make mistakes.scribd. if there is a leak. 60 See my Drone info collections: Google Drive Docs https://docs. For an example of this scenario. older people. and others. Include emergency responders for the area. smokers. and they do NOT tell the public what the other smells are. might not smell the leak. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. but they should. to see all the needs of customers. Companies.google.com/folder/d/0B9euafJH4b-ZLWR0bmZLS3d5OVk/edit Scribd http://www. finding thousands. and Government Agencies are run by people. the pipeline company should have a mailing list of the people at risk if there is a mishap. so it is not a total surprise when it happens. seeking to identify and map a variety of Hazmat scenarios in need of remedial action.60 but it would be economical for drones to patrol high density population centers. maybe they do not tell everyone. to forgive divine. There have been university studies where a road vehicle tows instruments to measure where there are gas leaks.38 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM I am not a big fan of Drones. If a pipeline runs thru some geography. in that periodic mailing. so an organization can end up with decisions being made for topic-X by someone who is not an expert in topic-X. Smell Gas and Take No Remedial Action I call this a problem of ignorant idiots. non-profits. what to do about it. Some of these mistakes are from the perspective of maintaining quality customer service. they should factor into their training how to deal with it. before the incident.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . but that is NOT the smell they use exclusively.

61 The most intense flares can be like EMP against the SCADA which manage pipe lines. Study Cyber Risks to SCADA63 to understand how we have a National Crisis not getting addressed effectively. Examples: • 2012 Aug 3 Corning NY Relevant regulatory agencies should be pro-active reaching out to potential newcomers. pipelines. is probably the most inexpensive cause to solve.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. Decision-makers who were provided adequate funding to do the job right. Examples: 61 62 http://www.wnd. such as nuclear energy.scribd. and America’s critic al infrastructure is not prepared for the risks.62 Organizational Accidents Some types of industries require complex training for both operators and managers. Many beginning do-it-yourselfers are inexperienced. like in 1927 Pittsburg • Evacuation of people at risk. airline safety. In a surprise crisis. I also have research notes on causes of our recent Economy Crisis. 63 This is in my shared research notes under Drone Reports and Drone Terms. what they used to pay professionals to do. should be banned from continued working in that industry. with proper training. We can have a disaster if there is a break down in the quality of either the personnel closest to the work to be done. Sometimes the management and staff of an organization seems inadequate to the task of doing a safe job. more and more people are trying to do themselves. Do it Yourself Wrong Thanks to the bad economy. UnTrained Investigators Eliminating this problem. especially if their relevant training has been inadequate. or in the know-how of corporate leaders who set policies. and prone to risky behavior. workers may not know all which should be done.com/2013/01/solar-flares-like-flash-bulbs-at-a-rock-concert/ See Drone Terms for what all these acronyms mean. but failed to do so. need proper whistle-blower protection.39 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM According to NOAA and NASA. See 1989 San Bernardino and 2010 San Bruno for examples of organizational accidents. we are in the midst of an 11 year cycle of solar flares which will peak in 2014. It should include: • What not to do. Witnesses. 39 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. where regulatory agencies need to consider whether the situation is repairable. mining. or if the corporation “person” needs to be divorced from the business of operating with excessive safety violations. like 1944 Cleveland Ohio and 1992 Guadalajara Mexico See 2012 Nov 28 Indiana Vectren. railroads. to high risks.

Iran believes the responsible parties include: USA. Consider signage inside stores. Someone. o Safety Standards Enforcement Lacking.65 Labeling Causes I tentatively plan66 to append lines to some incidents with short reference words identifying the cause(s) of events. • Corporate Training Inadequate or Absent o This problem is explained in chapters on: o Alarms Ignorance. • 2012 Nov 10 Indianapolis explosion was caused by an insurance fraud scheme.com/folder/d/0B9euafJH4bZMTA0YTM0YzktNTI0YS00NjVhLTg5NTItY2RiZjhiM2MzODkw/edit 65 https://docs. • Deliberate Crime We now know about two massive gas explosions. a reminder that if you get repairs and modifications. • Banking systems. thanks to a business manager covering up gas odor for months. identifying the inspection agencies relevant for different kinds of modifications and repairs. I have more info about this cyber war with Iran. The results can include massive disruption to • Pipe lines.64 2. and progress. Israel. see my Time Line of cyber attacks on Iran. what the relevant inspection agency is. 64 https://docs. power supplies. but when it is state sponsored. to that which is being insured. 40 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.40 • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Ask insurance companies to include with their insurance renewal billing. creating a spectrum of viruses which attack critical infrastructure.google. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. than it would have been otherwise. • Alarms Inadequate or Absent o This problem is explained in chapter on Alarms Missing.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . then later attempt statistics regarding cause(s) common to major disasters. • Criminal = Fraud o This problem is explained in chapter on Deliberate Crime. or some nation.scribd.com/file/d/0B9euafJH4b-ZajhMZXVsZ0xRdHVJaDZoNC1Rbk80Zw/edit 66 See: Revision History chapter near end. which sell materials for do-it-yourself. within various time frames. UK. See my Disaster Avoidance collection on Google Drive Docs. 1.google. overall disasters. there can be massive harm. figured out so far. There. Fortunately this is rare. stock market systems. so you do not place your insurance coverage at risk. food supply poisoning. where people took criminal actions that led to astronomical property damage. for more info on my tentative plans. Iran is fighting back. in notes I kept and shared before my April 2012 computer crash. declared cyber war on Iran. if known. • 2012 Nov 23 Springfield explosion was vastly more serious. to make sure it was done correctly.

Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. 70 Cyber Sabotage or War o This problem is explained in chapter on Deliberate Crime.67 o Examples of Criminal Negligence in recent history include: 68  Cruise Ship Oops in Italy.  Indiana State officials responsible for the Indiana Fairgrounds incident. and/or willfully blind to risks. 41 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.41 • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Criminal = Negligence o Criminal Negligence can be defined as people behaving in a reckless. Inspection Standards Inadequate or Absent o This problem is explained in chapter on:  Safety Standards Enforcement Lacking.  Industry Blind Spots.  Organizational Accidents. 70 I have lots about this in my Drone Terms.wikipedia. Public Education Inadequate or Absent o This problem is explained in chapter on Do It Yourself Wrong. manner which leads to a disaster which they did not deliberately cause. and not taking mitigation steps to avoid history repeating. Customer Failure(s) o This problem is explained in chapters on:  Do It Yourself Wrong. absolving themselves both of responsibility for the incident.69 which they managed to blame on private companies and individuals. had they behaved like responsible adults. 69 This is written up in my shared Disaster Avoidance collection.  Safety Standards need upgrades. Organizational Disaster o Dimensions of this problem are explained in chapters on:  Alarms Ignorance. Remote Shut Down Inadequate or Absent • • • • • • • • 67 68 https://en. Follow-up missing from a previous Incident o This problem is explained in chapter on:  Safety Standards need upgrades. Investigator Training Inadequate or Absent o This problem is explained in chapter on:  UnTrained Investigators.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . but take no action to correct the causes of the scandals. but would not have happened.scribd.org/wiki/Criminal_negligence Title of one of my shared notes documents.  Smell Gas and take no Remedial Action.  Members of Congress who use government scandals as an excuse to bash opposing political party leaders.

o Examples:  1877 Oct 22 Blantyre UK  2010 July 26 Marshall Mi Utility Line Map Inadequate or Absent o This problem is explained in chapters on:  Safety Standards Enforcement Lacking. and then when the leaked quantity builds up to some concentration. what kind of damage is involved. Mitigation Research It appears evident to me that many different chemicals share similar risks: • This stuff can leak. need to train their people in detecting the leaks. In addition to whatever codes for causes. my tentative plan is to add details to relevant chapters. a similar approach might be used to show scale of the disaster … # people killed. o Companies which manufacture.scribd. shouldn’t the water company be kept informed about this? • Some chemicals are at risk of spontaneously exploding. a simple list. how far upstream of intakes to water supplies would be safe? o If the chemical is to be stored so close to the intake to water supply. then communicate that to the entire 42 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. • • As additional causes get identified. it can lead to serious chaos. either if too much is in one place. that a spill presents a hazard to that water supply. • If this stuff gets into the environment. and use these chemicals. and how to get it out of the environment. where lobbyists and negative election ads have been successful in removing legislators who are trying to fix problems. transport. $ cost of remediation. water supply. and how often that kind of thing happens. via leak spill or derailment.  Safety Standards need upgrades. o If this stuff spills into a river or ground water. o This problem is more prevalent in some industries. or gets into a traffic accident. and keep the above reference list of causes. how inconvenienced (their home blew up). Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. o Industries in the business of handling such chemicals need to figure out how to store and transport safely. Industry needs economical and effective means of detecting leaks before they can do any harm. Safety Violations o This can cause a disaster when inspectors found and identified a risk which did not get resolved in a timely manner. The relative seriousness of disasters is both the severity of what it did.42 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM o This problem is explained in chapter on:  Safety Standards need upgrades. such as Coal Mining. etc. store. or if it is being transported in a vehicle which hits a pot hole. pointing at those chapters for more details. and what to do when they are detected.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .

or in transportation through their communities. and how the risk is much lower for companies which get high marks from independent inspections. former dump sites. o Ideally their data should be sufficiently well organized that when they need to respond to a crisis some place. ready to react immediately to whatever may be needed.43 • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM supply chain of enterprises which can be at risk if they do not know. they have good info on the chemicals both at that place. o Similarly. whether by pipeline truck train or barge. First responder organizations need to be kept informed on the various types of chemicals which exist in their communities. • How easy is it for this stuff to spontaneously explode? There may be industry standards for inspections. either at local companies facilities. police cars.scribd. as the emergency unfolds. and include in their training. • If this stuff gets into the environment. or serious contamination if spilled. 43 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. at risk of explosion. They need to have access to info about risks associated with each of the chemicals. need to give advance notification to the communities through which the chemicals are to be transported. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. How serious might it be if: • If this stuff leaks. The insurance industry can communicate the impact of this to their customers. suggest alternative routes which are less densely populated by people and expensive resources. o When a plane declares an emergency landing. Companies which transport dangerous chemicals.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . • I think the insurance industry is well qualified to evaluate the risks by chemical. stage hazmat teams at strategic intervals along the route. take other mitigation efforts. with links to info about the potential risks. state and local authorities may wish to provide it with an escort. There are also statistics on how often there have been disasters associated with the different chemicals. and in close proximity. when dangerous chemicals to be transported through a community. or do not follow. what exactly is coming your way. how to cope when there is a crisis. the safety procedures. there are two additional responsibilities: • Companies need to keep their insurance companies informed on what chemicals they are handling in what volumes. then communicate the answers so they get to everyone concerned. and what the costs were of those disasters. ambulances. • Companies handling these chemicals ought to pay into a fund to research the needed answers. In addition to the insurance industry using that info to assess appropriate insurance rates for companies in the business of handling those chemicals. along the runway are fire engines. and who is at risk in case of an accident. in the supply chain of where the chemicals go.

there are multiple places where some institution could make a profit. voluntarily by your customers. there are also opportunities for entrepreneurs to start up whole new businesses.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . 44 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. they can recommend your solutions. which do not exist yet. Here are some of them. • ADT. but right now voluntary. which are currently lacking. Particularly serving first responders. Insurance Companies 1. wrong First Aid for Buildings 2. Safety Education Desirable d. e. provided to regulatory agencies. a. Mitigation Research. so that when they find companies and first responders lacking such training. f. see mitigation ideas chapter: Alarms Missing.scribd. Review the following chapters showing national needs for improved education. 71 See mitigation ideas 72 chapter: Safety Standards need upgrades. c. and audit firms. Adjust your service pricing to encourage such safety. Alarms Ignorance e. Safety Standards need upgrades b. Untrained Investigators 2. Safety Standards need upgrades b. Review the following chapters with mitigation ideas: a. Junior College Academia 1. see mitigation ideas chapters: 71 72 Leaders in this industry are Google and Ushahidi. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. Alarms Ignorance Alarms Missing Industry Blind Spots Mitigation Research Do it yourself. in a nitch business of providing solutions. Safety Standards Enforcement Lacking c. d. Computerized Mapping Organizations There’s another possible market for your products and services. New business opportunities In addition to where existing organizations can expand to profit by helping the mitigation. Study them to see which you think would most improve safety.44 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Profit thru Mitigation Within my mitigation ideas. Get yourself into a directory of such education. • Inventors. insurance. NTSB. g. and the transportation of dangerous chemicals thru various communities. See where mitigation is needed.

Many disasters occur because many people do not know these things. Warning. than ignore the risks.ssf/2014/01/be_prepared_6_steps_to_your_co. Otherwise you and a lot of other people could be dead. 73 http://www. then you need to be extra careful outside. o Alarms Missing. evacuate immediately. o It is better to over-react and be safe. so you can be prepared before it arrives. There’s always a few days in advance. before informing social media. terrorist attacks. Otherwise you could burn to death while you are posting the news. and industrial accidents do occur without warning for people in the community. if local supplies interfered with.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . Make sure you have a way to get the latest weather news about trouble coming to your community. o Weather disasters do not arrive with no warning. just in case we can’t.html 45 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. • If you are driving on highway. We should always have enough food in the house that we don’t have to go get more groceries. If you witness them. see mitigation ideas chapter: Alarms Ignorance. and see a school bus stopped.45 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM o Safety Standards need upgrades. with clarity of what’s coming. • There are an abundance of sites with info to help us prepare in advance for the unexpected. or the police. because a school bus is a rolling stop sign. so if the forecast says a week in advance that a particular kind of storm will be in your area. There is no such thing as a freak storm.al. there are only people with freak understandings. to protect children getting on and off. • If your building catches on fire. special names for things … if you do not know what they mean. Software Ap developers.com/living/index.73 • Certain behaviors are bad or dangerous. When the weather forecast warns of cold weather precipitation. evacuate that building immediately. to avoid death from the cold. It probably will not follow the precise pattern of the week old forecast. You need to pay attention. then you also come to a complete stop. • What weather reports MEAN … Watch. • If you smell gas. and get badly hurt. but the weather people are constantly updating what’s expected. to avoid a personal disaster. • Everyone should know There are some things I believe every adult should know. including many parents and public officials. and some children … I am not sure of what age cut-off most relevant. do not rely on that info which is a week old when the storm arrives. who may be too young to know road crossing safety. o Earthquakes. but not need to. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. or serious traffic accident. call the gas company and 911 to report it. We should have enough gas in the car to be able to travel. tell a teacher. and call 911.scribd. o Be aware that weather forecast improves as bad weather gets closer to you. you could get a lot of people killed or severely inconvenienced. parent.

14 pm second PG&E employee arrives on scene. You need to know how to view that info. check out my notes on that topic. outside of your work place. This can prevent you from getting a good job. $ Billions of dollars in damage have occurred because such alarms were ignored. o 9. o 1.74 Anything you post to Internet. See examples of the immense damage which could have been avoided had the relevant company personnel been better trained to interpret the data: • 2004 Oct 27 Kingman KS pipeline rupture. There are things parents can do.43 pm first responders arrived. responding to the explosion. In case you don’t know about that stuff. to vastly improve the chances of getting their children rapidly rescued.scribd. 204 thousand gallons spilled. o 1. One of the occupants was killed. If it is not available. o 1.46 • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Children commuting. so far.scribd. cell phone. and what it means. or other notifications. Multiple locations are detected with a gas odor. can ruin our lives. But there are some simple things everyone can do to reduce the risks to us personally. social media. • 2008 Dec 24 Rancho Cordova CA incident … subsequent NTSB report reads like PG&E was a totally incompetent company. If you don’t know what I am talking about. ask about safety procedures. and the mitigation. the hardware will trigger alarms. so don’t post anything which makes you look like an idiot. Many disasters are because of bad policies by the company. o 10. o 2007 Jun 14 NTSB report on the Kingman KS disaster. in advance. So the workers need to seek out safety info which their employer is denying them. There were alarms about the pipeline breach for 17 hours before the company found out 74 75 http://www.com/doc/149569351/Cyber-Security-PC-Tips-Al-Mac 46 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.com/doc/117284229/School-Scandals-and-Abductions http://www. getting credit. We now live in a fragile world of data. seek it from the industry. • • • Every critical infrastructure worker should know When something goes wrong. 75 Whatever industry or type of company you work for. to and from school. or not understood.35 pm house explodes … the one where no one had been home earlier. No notice posted there to warn returning residents of the risk.12 am gas odor was first reported. check out my notes on the risks. • 2010 July 25 Marshall MI Oil Spill into Kalamazoo river by Enbridge company pipe line … the clean up has cost $ 1 billion. If your chain of command does not know anything about them. ruin your wshole life. which if stolen. have zero security against kidnapping by pedophiles or worse. into college. can be there forever.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . then educate yourself from industry and business resources. Ask for relevant training from your employer.scribd. but many are also due to the employees not getting proper training. but they had just returned. and counting. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. School bus stops are poorly lit. No one home at site of one of the places where leaks detected.15 am first PG&E technician arrives on scene. so children often wait in the dark. managing its employees like keystone cops.

o 6. alarms were turned off so the people could sleep.47 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM thanks to local residents phoning to complain. o PG&E safety standards were a joke. The causalities were in the thousands. 47 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. o Over 120 homes some kind of damage. and the subsequent cost a tiny fraction of the actual results. you need to know what the risks are. o PG&E took 95 minutes to cut off the flow of the natural gas. when you are digging near their stuff. If it is not available. or counterfeit parts were part of the pipeline. These lines are supposed to be marked so that people digging into the ground can avoid damaging them. you need to know that under the ground there are lots of pipes and other critical infrastructure. and what notification needs to be made to the companies involved. They did not have accurate maps of where their pipelines were located. Ask for relevant training from your employer. Because the site had 3 shifts. because people in your industry have not been properly trained in advance of a crisis. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.11 pm the rupture started. o 6. and hundreds of people have been killed. See in my time line for the following terrible examples: • 1947 April 16 Texas City disaster. but they were denied safety manuals and quality training. ignited into an inferno. where employees need proper training. Every chemical worker should know If you work for a company which handles dangerous chemicals. Every construction worker should know If you work in construction.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . seek it from the industry. Had the employees been trained properly how to interpret the alarms.12 pm first responders arrived on scene. and how to cope when there is a crisis. • Critical Infrastructure management should know In addition to the examples cited above.scribd. Their employee training was inept. consider: • 2010 Sep 9 San Bruno Ca Gas Pipeline Explosion Fire o 2011 Aug 30 NTSB report on San Bruno o 2012 June 17 NTSB report on San Bruno o Can your company learn from PG&E mistakes to avoid being another disaster waiting to happen? o 47. Sub-standard.6 million cubic feet of natural gas was released into the fire. defective. o 2012 July 10 NTSB report on Marshall MI oil spill by Enbridge into Kalamazoo river 2010 BP Gulf of Mexico oil spill disaster was another which could have been prevented. $ Billions of dollars in damage have occurred. You need to know how to identify those markings. had the personnel been given proper training. perhaps the fuel could have been shut down at the beginning.

Suppose the car is now under water. ought to check if their city requires registration or safety inspection of the work. • If you are lucky. some distance from home or shelter.48 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Many disasters have occurred because construction companies. when it hits bottom. We also need to have some survival gear in our homes. Climb up and try to grip something near the roof. then roll. car comes to a halt. Some disasters occurred because it was the gas company employees who made mistakes. Small people might be able to get out a window. something which can puncture the air bag. you will lose your grip on the ceiling. are we better off with it underneath an overpass? Some things require advance preparation. Some of the disasters occurred because the construction work was done by amateurs. where a lot of the blame falls on people doing construction work in the vicinity of pipe lines. then land on your feet. Anyone planning to do any construction. or crawling into a ditch? When we pull the car over to side of road. when there is no nearby exit … are we better off staying inside car.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . 76 76 See related story in time line: 2014 Feb 22 from Fox News. and hold their breath long enough. provided knew bend. to try to break the fall into pieces: • Losing grip on roof is part of deceleration. you will only break a lot of bones. when on the highway. But window might not budge until enough water is let in a crack to equalize pressure on both sides. If the land on the bottom is not a total demolition derby. or their workers. • Landing on floor is another part. autos. My time line installments are filled with many examples of disasters. and along comes severe weather? You are in an elevator which starts plummeting. work places. and roll like a parachutist. but not get killed. in advance. Survival Tips Do we know what to do. have been ignorant of this information. We get into a crash situation. the air bags saved us. or serious remodeling. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. We are better off knowing how not to get into these kinds of situations in the first place. We need to know. other places. 48 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. but the car is rolling into additional harms way. while on the road … getting to a safe place. we needed to have on our person. before a crisis is upon us . what to do if we manage to get into tornado weather. To do so.scribd. We need to get out of the car.

when we have very bad weather. my purchase is in the trunk of my car. which does not need to be refrigerated. a stack of them in one corner of the entrance lobby. and terrain. This education will also guide you on how best to protect yourself before the bad weather arrives. in unfamiliar territory. Make sure no bills coming due while away. storage. Initially. in one winter. like: Blizzard. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. mirror • An emergency blanket • Map compass • Swedish flint (works in any weather) • Dynamo flash light (does not require batteries) • US army survival manual (256 pages) 49 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.49 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Suppose public utilities go down. $20 = US Army Survival Kit … it is in a brown box. Remember that free aps might only update the weather forecast. Pay attention to weather forecast along your route. for how best to deal with such a situation. and you hear that the bad weather is on an intercept course with where you are going? Getting tips.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . if the public supply is not functioning? Do gas pumps need electricity to operate? Is there enough gas in our car to get out of the disaster area? Suppose the power and Internet go down. in the car. Check emergency supplies. Warning. were not used up earlier. which will tell you what all the special terminology means. Do we have phone #s where we can find them. After you have learned how to drive safely on ice and snow. Before a road trip • • • • Schedule Auto maintenance. Watch. But what if you are on a road trip. write yourself a reminder letter.scribd. thermometer. with a nice handle. is the purpose of this section. to review next winter. but land line phones are still working. Winter 2014 I picked up something at Barnes & Noble which may be of interest to other people. Do we have enough food. how to get to safety when stuck by side of road. Tornado. to last us several days? Where will we get water. once a day. when we cannot get the info from a computer. in an area where you are familiar with the buildings. far from home. Replenish them. are not good for more than a general forecast. • 2 flexible packs for water – up to 6 oz each • A gadget with 4 functions – whistle. assuming you are near home. Winter Driving Many mishaps are due to people not knowing how to drive in winter time. how to avoid getting in this trouble in the first place. or other digital device? Bad Weather coming Get familiar with the National Weather Service web site.

propublica. lots more.noaa. basic services such as electricity. $54. and nicely priced too. impacting over 100 homes. Notable Explosions / Time Line so far Here are my notes. I am suspicious. water and other supplies in sufficient quantity to last for at least 72 hours. This means having your own food. following news of a massive explosion in Indianapolis.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .gov/com/weatherreadynation/files/Talking%20Points%20Template_Severe%20Weat her%20Preparedness%20Week%20Final%20021914.org/pipelines/ 50 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. such as having a disaster supplies kit.nws.77 Being prepared for severe weather doesn’t have to be complicated or expen sive. Here is cut & paste from some of it. making sure people know you are in trouble. Every time I see a claim that something is the worst.scribd.669 incidents (state with largest # of incidents – California-573 and Louisiana-580 almost tied for second place). According to Pro Publica. when you consider New London TX (425 students and faculty killed when a school blew up in a gas explosion). gas. it is smart to have certain survival aids in the car. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. It certainly seems to me that it was one of the worst. could help save your life. Additionally. 73 injuries. 80 This may be a distortion thanks to me being located in Indiana. the city’s first responders seem to have done a first rate job. sewage treatment and telephones may be cut off for days or even a week.82 • Indiana has only had 120 unpleasant incidents with gas pipe lines. Your supplies kit should contain items to help you manage during these outages. • Texas has had 1. This is not the only stuff needed … there’s also dealing with flat tire.pdf 78 http://www. But this is a good start.noaa.noaa.2m property damage. water.pdf http://www.gov/com/weatherreadynation/severe. A few simple steps.ready. when I check on history of past events of a similar nature. in case we get stuck some place.html http://www. allegedly the second largest gas explosion in US history. 81 See my research notes on the Indianapolis Fairgrounds incident. in recent history. Local officials and relief workers will be on the scene after a disaster but they cannot reach everyone immediately.nws.nws. Weather Preparedness The US National Weather Service (NWS) offers public education.80 and inept government officials. It is not the most people harmed. or longer. 82 https://projects. I had thought Indiana had a history of deadly gas explosions. It may not be the worst fire. with a total of 78 deaths (state 77 http://www.gov/build-a-kit 79 San Bruno CA was allegedly the worst gas explosion in US history. with a total of 11 deaths. 79 This one is now believed to have been deliberately caused to happen. You could get help in hours or it might take days.78 You may need to survive on your own after an emergency. because I have seen many such claims which were totally false. when you consider Cleveland OH (2 underground storage tanks blowing up) and Formosa Plastics TX (took 5 days to get the fire out).50 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM In cold weather.81 But in this crisis.gov/com/weatherreadynation/files/Be%20a%20Force%20of%20Nature_Background er%20Final%20021214.

“learned” in different community after community. France.org/pipelines/ If you follow my links. but the size has been managed by moving various chunks of the time line to new documents of approx 15-30 pages each. • CI Boom 2008 to 2009 o 2008 to 2009 events occurred in USA. or per population at risk.84 just some of the biggest ones. speculating about how this event fits into the history of what’s possible.89 83 84 https://projects. Spain. is correct labeling. USA.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .scribd. 96 injured. The Red Sea. • CI Boom 2000 to 2006 o Events. thru 1999. to others named: • CI Boom 0 thru 1999 o Events. seeking a bigger picture in perspective.87 o My summary talks of same old same old causes of disaster. Romania.propublica. occurred in: Britain.com/doc/206714326/CI-Boom-2008-to-2009 89 http://www.scribd.com/doc/206962922/CI-Boom-2010-to-2011 51 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. Spain. Germany. This is not an exhaustive directory of Gas Explosions. is found to be wrong.83 I guess we might like to see volume of incidents per capita.com/doc/204262969/CI-Boom-2007 88 http://www. Russia. New Guinea. and notable ones.scribd.scribd.51 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM with largest # of deaths). • Check the footnote for statistics on other states. USA. you will find references to many lesser gas explosions. • CI Boom 2007 o 2007 events occurred in: Mexico. Almost everything we think we know.86 o My summary identifies lessons un-learned. 43 deaths (second place for # of deaths). I visited Wikipedia. I moved most of the time line from this doc. • California had 573 incidents. to see if “biggest” and “worst” disaster.85 o My summary is about “worst” terminology clouding severi ty clarity.scribd.scribd. and other sources. $1. France. Mexico. occurred in: Britain. Poland.88 o Much of the content is lessons which should be learned. CI Disaster Time Line moved CI = Critical Infrastructure Formerly this document was over 200 pages. China. • CI Boom 2010 to 2011 o 2010 to 2011 events occurred in India. $668m property damage. when we investigate. North Korea. Russia. USA. After seeing various contradictory comments. • Louisiana had 580 incidents. $725m property damage. USA. Canada. 20 deaths. 198 injured (second place for # injured).com/doc/203317455/CI-Boom-0-thru-1999 86 http://www. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. 2000 thru 2006. 371 injuries (state with most injured).42b property damage (state with the most of that). 85 http://www.com/doc/203688481/CI-Boom-2000-to-2006 87 http://www.

arrangements could have been made to relocate the people to stay 90 91 http://www.93 o They include: chemical industry. the construction work should have been rescheduled in a season when the gas could be shut off. medical radiation.  2006 Nov authorities issued citations for safety violations.  There were errors in relevant records. trucking. we find problems implementing that process. CI Boom 2014 Jan 9 W Va Water94 o My summary shows that there is lots of blame to go around. Instead.scribd. CI Boom 2013 Apr o 2013 April events occurred in Bangladesh.com/doc/204575461/CI-Boom-2013-April 93 http://www. USA. there are lessons learned by the community which experienced them. The Critical Infrastructure Disasters include: • Bergenfield NJ had a gas line break.scribd. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. so the same thing happens again and again. France: and USA. leading to an apartment building exploding. construction work.com/doc/204889417/CI-Boom-2013-Jan-to-March 92 http://www. Canada.scribd. and by organizations engaged in doing investigations.com/doc/207356334/CI-Boom-2013-Mar-to-Dec 94 http://www. and charts severity. 92 o My summary talks of lessons unlearned.scribd.91 o My summary repeats same old negligence causing a continuous stream of disasters. CI Boom 2012 o 2012 events occurred in USA. pipelines. cooking. Alternatively. all over the world. criminals.  2005 Dec was when the disaster occurred. USA.  Because it was winter time. and hot water. CI Boom 2013 Jan-Mar o 2013 Jan-Mar events occurred in Mexico. killing several residents.com/doc/203973261/CI-Boom-2014-Jan-9-W-Va-Water 52 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. Mexico. natural gas.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .  2007 May. CI Boom 2014 Jan • • • • After many of these disasters. to the construction company and the gas company. PSE&G could not shut off the gas which apartment residents used for heat. The state of NJ had a safety process for making sure that construction work did not damage gas lines. Czech Republic. As we walk thru the time line for this incident. the NTSB report was published. railroads. in different towns and cities. crude oil. Britain. 90 o My summary paints tales of incompetence and greed.scribd. CI Boom 2013 May-Dec o 2013 May-Dec events in: Britain.scribd.52 • • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM o Continuation of lessons in need of learning and implementing.. but somehow these lessons learned are not getting communicated to other communities at risk. China.com/doc/204042682/CI-Boom-2012 http://www.

and call 911 and the gas company. the gas company in 25 minutes. and people were trying to evacuate high rise buildings. CI explanations C+ • Chemical explosions. before I got out. falls down. then light up when the power fails.  Despite strong evidence of a gas leak. • Building. or the equivalent.  See 2013 April 24. 95 In addition to the tenant who smelled gas. and failed to report it. when they knocked off work at end of day. and decided to evacuate before the storm struck. After that we got some of those flash lights which plug into wall sockets. was when a huge chunk of NYC was in darkness. First responders arrived in 5 minutes. all of the construction crew smelled the leak. and also a local businessman. • We periodically hear of disasters where people need flash lights. The gas company needs faster response. and PDE&G inspector left the situation at risk of getting worse. in pitch dark both outside and inside. people inside will not be in total darkness. who called 911. • The first I heard about this problem.53 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM in a motel. feeling for doors I knew were there. first responders throughout the state of NJ.  The good news is that there is strong evidence that lessons learned from this incident have been communicated through training at the gas company.  in time line thru 1999. in pitch darkness. to find their way out of a building which needs to be evacuated. during the time period their gas needed to be cut off. How can a nation have an illegally constructed building and the authorities not know about it? Easy. I was familiar with the layout. paid for by the motel management. constructed illegally. and another in front of me.  Next morning it took the construction crew 20 minutes to recognize there was an emergency. Buildings need to be designed so that in the event of a power outage. and inspected by local fire departments.scribd. This is a best practice which may need to be mandated by law. and the construction company whose neglect triggered this disaster.95 first responders did not evacuate the building. when they check to make sure that fire extinguishers and smoke alarms are working properly. either no competent inspections. I never did see any lighted Exit sign. when there was a power outage at my place of employment. or bribed inspectors. thanks to Hurricane Sandy. I had to traverse several internal corridors. in the news. Of course they could have paid attention to the weather forecast. Exit signs need to have batteries so they can be lit when power down.  The construction work exposed the gas line to potential trouble.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . • The first I knew about this scenario was over a decade ago. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. so I was able to run one hand along a wall. but at the end of day the construction crew. 53 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.

• Companies often have manuals for personnel spelling out how to deal with various crises.  in time line thru 1999. operate nuclear power plants. Facilities should know what dangerous chemicals they have. o See Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E). safety procedures to minimize those risks. Construction work can damage pipelines unless the lines are carefully and accurately marked. 54 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. and the personnel need good training in interpreting what the data and alarms are telling them. and get it resolved before that leads to a disaster. can lead to later Pipeline Disasters. They should communicate that to the local government. • Counterfeit parts used in Pipeline Repair. o In time lines: o Thru 1999. Evacuation should be on the radar screen before lots of damage sustained. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.scribd. risks associated with them. Sometimes they are being used so some critical infrastructure remains safe. o 2007. o People steal copper and other commodities for resale. for that happening. such as color coding. with good training to know that stuff. Many disasters occur for lack of such support. NTSB report 2012 July 10. construction crews trained in recognizing those markings. NTSB report 2012 July 10. and there is proper inspection to identify any damage. and in how to protect the fuel line from any damage. The companies need systems to wisely manage the data and alarms.  Enbridge 2010 July Oil Spill. both of which change over time. • Cutting corners to save money.  in time line 2000 thru 2006. o in time line 2007. • Criminal activities can contribute to these disasters.54 • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Communication and Training inept or non-existent. including first responders. o Enbridge 2010 July Oil Spill. according to its 2010 May NTSB report. They can be overwhelmed with data and alarms. o 20060to 2006.  in time line 2007. as one of the causes of the 2008 Dec Rancho Cordova (RC) disaster. or control pipelines. Someone at the companies needs to notice when the source of the guidelines evolves. can lead to disaster more expensive than any saved money. whether they work air traffic control.  Sissonville 2012 Dec event. o 2013 April.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . These guidelines start out in accordance with industry standards and government regulations. Lapses in this safety standard can be found through most all my in time lines segments. and update their manuals and training accordingly. • Critical Infrastructure personnel have awesome duties. or risk of damage. NTSB preliminary info 2013 Jan.

o 2007 Nov 01 was the pipeline rupture and fire. o See Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E). in name only by the public utility.  Workers on ships which ultimately were totally destroyed in the Texas City Disaster. See: o 2013 April 17. at the behest of their leadership.55 • • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM CI explanations D+ Dangerous Chemicals. Instead companies should disclose risk so zoning can prevent high population in close proximity. can make an emergency with its pipeline much worse. assuming they knew what the chemicals were. o 2012 July 10 NTSB report came out. and a laundry list of the Enbridge company’s failings. It has cost $ 1 billion and counting. CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. • Enbridge oil spill into the Kalamazoo river. and first responders know type of hazmat protection needed.  in time line thru 1999. such as explosives. which catches on fire. Where high population already exists. took actions which made the situation worse. Dixie Pipeline disaster. and no one warns first responders what they are getting into. with both the 2008 Dec Rancho Cordova (RC) and 2010 Sep San Bruno incidents. o 2010 July 25 the disaster began. • In time line thru 1999. or institutions experiencing some crisis. Disasters in which first responders lacked proper training to handle the materials involved. just makes things worse. Alarms went off for 17 hours. until after disaster.  in time line thru 1999. so residential & middle school get built next door. zoning should ban companies from bringing in such dangerous chemicals. • in time line thru 1999. o 2008 Oct 14 NTSB report • CI explanations E+ • Emergency Response. with numbers known so far. whose fire they were sent to fight. Evacuation not on radar screen of first responders. by continuing to provide fuel to the fires. until local residents phoned to complain. this became the most expensive oil pipeline disaster since the US government started keeping records in 1968.  Examples  If you have a suspected gas leak. where local community not advised of the risks.scribd. who lacked the tools or training to do anything about it. for that happening.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis • • 55 . using flames to locate it. stored at some site. The company sent personnel to investigate. Until the BP Gulf of Mexico oil spill. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. ignored by Enbridge employees. Explosive and/or toxic chemicals at a facility.

People need to learn to bypass local management. and should know exactly what is there. • in time line 2007.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis 56 . We see this in events through most all my time line segments. where regulations and agencies are fragmented.  Training in how to deal with pipeline disasters. especially when those chemicals can be involved in a leak. indicating nature of surrounding community … is it high density population.  in time line thru 1999. CI explanations G+ Gas Leak reaches a flame.scribd. for example? o Other government agencies. or other crisis. People witness gas leak smell. and what we saw regarding what chemicals.  Rapid communications with the institutions which are supposed to be managing those chemicals. I suggest they establish web sites with key words to facilitate RSS subscriptions. and summarized its content. CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. Include map link. they get ignored. o We inspected this place on that date. NTSB report 2012 July 10. then disaster response quality. Government inspections do not intercommunicate.56 • • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Farming famine. I included links to the report. geography. • in time line 2000 thru 2006. First Responder organizations need to have:  Info about what dangerous chemicals exist in various places. link to summary of what can be said to the public about our inspection report. • Government Reports o CSB – US Chemical Safety Board o DOT 2012 April 20 testimony about Pipeline modernization o GAO = US Government Accountability Office. Sometimes when people report this up the chain of command. can subscribe to any web site updates. o GAO 2004 July report on US pipeline safety.  This advance planning. many are clueless what to do about it. • Enbridge 2010 July Oil Spill. humongous fire and explosion results. with appropriate password security. what volume those chemicals. report this directly to 911. is under their jurisdiction. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. in time line 2000 thru 2006. Gas leak reporting continues to be a disaster. are experts on that topic. causing more disasters. in what city state location. • in time line thru 1999.  in time line thru 1999. has been lacking for multiple incidents. link to the dangers of those chemicals. fire. Make a summary statement about nature of place. containing keywords relevant to what chemicals. etc.

 in time line 2000 thru 2006. can have leaks. Indianapolis housing explosion and fire 2012 Nov 10 eventually figured out to be deliberate for insurance fraud. Those leaks can lead to fires and explosions. CI explanations K+ • Kingman KS pipeline rupture: No one was killed or injured but 204 thousand gallons of anhydrous ammonia leaked into the environment. all over the place.  50 homes with minor damage • Industrial accident.  1973.scribd. Ignorance about various dangerous chemicals stored in. It sounds like there should be standards for inspecting storage to detect leaks. I have a lot of info in my time line about what we have learned about the circumstances.  26 homes unsafe to be inside. but until figured out. including first responders. so that when they go boom.  in time line 2007. or transported thru some community. • Industrial storage.  33 homes either destroyed or so badly damaged they had to be demolished. But they are not always followed. • CI explanations I+ • • Ignorance about risks from various chemicals. and fix them.  in time line thru 1999.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . 12 injured  125 homes affected by the blast … numbers in various conditions get updated periodically in news reports and press conferences. This accident cost $680. o NTSB = National Transportation Safety Board Hydraulic fracturing. can avoid disasters.  2007 June NTSB report on the incident.  Because of the scale of this disaster.  2004 Oct 27 the pipeline ruptured. or later.  2 dead. which if followed. until they get major repairs.715 including $459. construction damaged the pipeline. or fracking – see GASLAND movie at start of 2010.  2002-2004 events … See PHMSA in this time line summary. it is a total surprise to the local community. of dangerous chemicals. before disasters strike.57 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM o GAO 2012 March-22 report on Pipeline safety o NGOs do various studies finding accidents waiting to happen. there was humongous misinformation from the perpetrators. • Industry standards exist. 57 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.  in time line thru 1999. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.  in time line thru 1999.415 for environmental remediation.

Much of this can be automated. Leaks can lead to smell. and the community’s first responders. Mandatory reporting.  in time line thru 1999. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. to feds. it may continue to be pumping more fuel into the leak site.  in time line 2000 thru 2006. and lots of other related info. Leaks are called in by witnesses and customers to public utilities. and put up some kind of warning tape around the leak. Leak detection equipment. o in time line 2007. industrial. Leak catches fire & explodes. explosion. so they don’t wa lk into danger. Labor Management disputes can occur. as a convenient scapegoat. and only then it knows it has a problem. ignored. which type of land use would we prefer to have the pipelines run under? Laws violated. provided the local employees are trained to know what the alarms mean. It may not matter where a pipeline rupture. The damage will be catastrophic and emotionally disturbing. company notified. where the authorities sometimes blame the Union. so they return home. so that people in the neighborhood know there is this situation. Evidence. national parks. contain untruths. which calls the company. but more stuff is caught up in the fire and explosions. proving their complicity. I include time line of this particular incident. 911 notified. Reports to state.  in time line 2000 thru 2006. This lack of training is with both the people who work there.scribd.  in time line thru 1999.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . occurs. These witnesses call 911. before the company is aware that they have a serious problem. agriculture. Sometimes they confirm there is a leak. witnessed by people near where the leaks are occurring. used often to check possible sources of leaks. At this point they should immediately inform 911 of the situation they are working on. and acts to deal with it. People think the problem has been contained. fire.58 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM See PHMSA in this time line summary. which send technicians to investigate.   • • • • Land in the USA is being used for just about every purpose imaginable: residential. Lack of training in how to cope with mishaps with chemicals located at a place of business. See: o 2013 April 17. or former disgruntled workers. explosion. not important. o in time line 2000 thru 2006. If we are going to destroy chunks of our land use. There can be some time between witness. killing people who returned home before all the fires were out. could lead to prevention of many explosions and fires. relevant people figure out situation and implement remedial action. Until the company acts on the info. fire. • • • • 58 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. cemeteries.

New Albany Indiana (just across Ohio river from Louisville Kentucky) 2011 Nov = natural gas explosion destroyed a home and injured 6 people. with an associated record of warnings. • 2008 May California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) audited Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E). needed some upgrades. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. was found by the NTSB to have certain causes.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . not done properly.59 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM o Failure to do this was evident in Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) 2008 Dec incident. • 2006 Sep 15 pipeline repair. • 2007 Oct 7 identifies flaws in PG&E pipeline repair process.  2008 Nov PG&E responds to CPUC pledging to make all corrections by 2008 Dec 31. Leak Release. and they did not tell anyone. and dispatching technicians to a disaster. at site of 2008 Dec 24 Rancho Cordova Ca PG&E disaster. such as counterfeit parts getting into their inventory. on emergency response.000. and Ignition of Natural Gas.  PG&E documentation.  2012 Nov = Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission (IURC) fines Vectren $100.scribd. This included:  Personnel to be properly trained in responding to leaks.  2008 Aug CPUC sent a letter to PG&E. who lacked the tools or training to do anything constructive about it. such as poor record keeping. identifying what needed to be fixed. • 1981 Aug 25 San Francisco PG&E had a gas line. which was found by the 2008 May audit. which were also found in later PG&E disasters.00 and demands safety improvements. which apparently were not heeded in time to avoid the incidents. Organizational Incompetence – see Systemic failures  • CI explanations P+ Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) shows up in multiple serious incidents. so this not happen again.  in time line thru 1999. as reported by 2010 May NTSB report. until after the explosion. A subsidiary of Vectren had damaged the gas line. CI explanations M+ • Mining explosions. which is one reason it takes PG&E forever to shut down the flow of flammable fuel into a known leak. while doing construction work. 59 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.  2008 Dec 24 Rancho Cordova Ca Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) Explosion.

Following that incident. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. o 2012 June and July 2012 Dec 1 Stockton Ca gas pipeline ruptures   • Pipeline Installation and/or Repair.htm 60 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. I include links to various PHMSA info. The 2003 Sep-Oct audit had found many safety deficiencies at the company.html http://www. This led to PHMSA closing the notice 2004 Oct 18. a week and a half before the Kingman 2004 Oct disaster.gov/investigations/fulltext/PAB1001.60 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM  2010 May 18 NTSB report on PG&E’s 2008-12-24 Rancho Cordova Ca Explosion and Fire. with both the 2008 Dec Rancho Cordova (RC) and 2010 Sep San Bruno incidents. NTSB recommended that DOT require gas line operators to install automated valves in high population areas.gov/investigations/reports_pipeline.  PHMSA notice 2004 Apr to the Kingman KS Pipeline. can lead to later Pipeline Disasters.ntsb. which has a 2004 Oct incident. in which they said they had fixed some.  2012 June near Durango Colorado. and this notice identified what the company needed to fix.  See Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E). PHMSA Info. PHMSA began rule making process to address this. to avoid disaster. which contributed to the disaster. • Follow-up info on San Bruno disaster. that happened. for that happening.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . then 2007 June NTSB report on that incident. o 2011 Aug 30 NTSB summary report. not done properly.96 The NTSB found that there had been prior events. and with poor or no quality control. but not all of what PHMSA had asked for..  PHMSA = US pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration.scribd. Aug 2011.  PHMSA audit 2003 Sep-Oct on the Kingman KS Pipeline which has a 2004 Oct incident. and summarize what was in them.  See Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) 2010 Sep San Bruno incident. Plumb Borough PA Natural Gas disaster • • 96 http://www.ntsb.  Kingman responded to the latest PHMSA notice in 2004 May-July. so as to cut off the flow any time a disaster started. The Kingman disaster showed some challenges implementing this advisory in the real world.  PHMSA safety advisory Aug 2002 to US industry in general. 2010 Sep 9 San Bruno gas pipeline explosion and fire.

which had been registered with the proper authorities. and push back PR by industry promoters. when no longer needed. plus smoke with the fog sabotaging highway visibility.. • 61 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. ought to go to a proper disposal area. CI explanations S+ • • Serious safety flaws found by inspections. 2006 Sep there was an odor report. leading to corrosion and failure. Springfield gas explosion 2012 Nov 23 o It destroyed 2 buildings. is believed to have damaged the pipe. Sissonville WV natural gas explosion 2012 Dec 11 o 4 homes destroyed o I-77 had to be shut down for a while. o Several corporate failures led to this disaster. This leads to activist opposition to certain industries moving into their community. 2007 Oct there was other incorrect repair of a pipe. It took the company 4 hours to shut down the gas leading to where the fire occurred. at the site which later had the disaster. • RC = Rancho Cordova CA PG&E      Also see Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E).scribd. • 2013 Mexico. This is because it was the only construction at the site. o NTSB found pipes dying of old age. Some of the damaged buildings may have to be demolished.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . o It took the company over an hour to shut off the gas feeding into the fire. but nothing done about them. with proper security and shielding in transit. thanks to an 800 foot section of the highway damaged. CI explanations R+ • Radiation Technology. 2008 Dec incident investigation found events. damaged 62 buildings. which had contributed to it. o 2008 March 5 explosion & fire. which was not conducted properly. prior to the disaster. 2010 May is when the NTSB report came out. • 2010 India. broke windows up to 3 blocks away. and consequences in terms of people maimed and inconvenienced. including 150 residential units. This adversary relationship is doing nothing to make the industries operate more safely. there is a public perception that certain industries are extremely dangerous. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. No one killed but 18+ injured. leading to repair to a pipe. It should never be exposed to hijacking nor sold for scrap. o 2008 Nov 21 NTSB report Thanks to statistics about high levels of various incidents. o See 2013 April 24. Violations of this principle have led to disasters in • 1987 Brazil.61 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM o 2003 Oct 15 construction work.

San Bruno Ca disaster – see Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E). o There are products in the market place without these supply chain standards. such as pipelines. o Date of manufacture is important. States need adequate funding for inspections of public utilities to find problems. used deodorant to cover up the smell. because nothing lasts forever. before the explosion. Bergenfield NJ. to deal with some crisis. making parts.  see time line 2007. • In time line 2010 to 2011. and the company oblivious to this happening. at one of the destroyed buildings. because it is too old. At all stages of production. You get what you pay for. who lacked the training and tools to do anything constructive about it. Systemic failures at companies mis-managing fuels. where the final product can have parts from many different suppliers. merely aids statistics of how often this sort of thing happens.  Crack defect detection and remediation o 2010 July Enbridge Oil Spill  Dispatching people. Sometimes the purchasers don’t want this added cost. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. o Firefighters organized evacuation because of the reported gas smell leak. o See Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E). Supply Chain standard: o Companies manufacture things using components from other companies. can be inspected for quality assurance. before we have disasters that destroy scores of buildings. When such parts are used in critical infrastructure. the risk of disaster is increased. lots of people killed or inconvenienced. opening the door to counterfeit and possibly defective parts. o Companies. CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. what mitigation is needed to lower the risk of history repeating. • in time line 2000 thru 2006. and in fact there are standards showing when something should no longer be used. fire. Management. as if the organization lacks the credentials to meet its heavy responsibilities  Examples:  Counterfeit and defective parts in inventory. • in time line thru 1999.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis • • • • • 62 . according to what standards. but only with the most spectacular incidents are they interested in communicating how come this happened. • 2010 July Enbridge oil into Kalamazoo river. or the risks involved. o The utility company records were inaccurate. and demand their remediation. This adds to the cost of the parts.62 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM o Witnesses smelled gas for weeks but no one reported this to authorities.scribd. The news media loves to tell us about some explosion. then later let people return. the parts can be labeled: what company made what when. Thus there are many incidents in which what we know about them.

or evacuation of people in harms way. until situation can be repaired.  in time line thru 1999. going thru populated areas without police escort. storing and transporting dangerous chemicals. when last inspected.63 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM • 2010 Sep PG&E’s San Bruno incident. This was lacking: o In time line 2010 to 2011. • Utilities. try to prevent that. • Utilities can have instruments which detect a leak. their age. • in time line thru 1999. 63 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.  in time line thru 1999.  in time line 2007. • Utility connected SCADA to wi fi. so they can ensure inspection to identify any risk of puncturing or damaging the line. • in time line thru 1999. but it might be prudent to install it in areas of high population density. and automatically shut off flow of additional fuel into a disaster. • Vehicles carrying stuff. react fast to mitigate the consequences. need to do a much better job training their employees. including in cold weather. • Companies. • 2010 Sep PG&E’s San Bruno incident.  Mapping system needed so company workers and first responders know what pipes are where.  in time line 2000 thru 2006. need to have some way of knowing when some construction activity is going on in the vicinity of their pipe lines.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . • Utilities need to be sure their curb valves can be turned off by their personnel in an emergency. Train derailment. This means either able to turn by hand.  in time line 2007.  In time line 200-2006. and Pipeline operators. • In time line 2010 to 2011. Pipeline company seems to take forever to shut down the fuel for the fire.scribd. Over the large volume of pipelines across the nation. carrying dangerous chemicals. o 2010 Sep PG&E’s San Bruno incident.  In time line 200-2006.  Inaccurate record keeping. • 2010 Sep PG&E’s San Bruno incident.  in time line thru 1999. but if it happens.  Pipeline leak is fueling a fire and explosions. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. which might explode at any moment. or issue tools to personnel to get the job done when muscles cannot do the job.  In time line 200-2006. so it gets scrambled by ordinary radar.  in time line 2007.  in time line 2007. it would be prohibitively expensive to install this protection nationwide. what they are carrying.

See incidents like this in time line: o 2000 thru 2006. then this is a good reason to close schools. • • • Witnesses report smell of gas. They fail to notify authorities.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . Witnesses report smell of gas. causing multiple fires and explosions in Boston in 1983. hundreds of people die in the subsequent disaster. Unfortunately many government. and accidents with the ingredients for explosives. I don’t know when this happened. and where it is going to be. Witnesses smell the distinct odor of a leak. storm. o 2012.97 Kentucky will receive $687. not investigated in time.  in time line thru 1999.64 • • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM CI explanations W+ War Munitions accidents. Water problem flood gas regulators.  in time line thru 1999.scribd. The first news story I read about it was dated March 6 in the Louisville Courier Journal.500 as its share of a $27.  in time line thru 1999.com/article/20140305/NEWS01/303050097/1008/Kentucky-to-share-in-275-million-fine-over-water-pollution 64 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. tornado. Government leaders need to know that when there is a special word like blizzard. and what precautions ought to be taken.courier-journal. o 2007. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. Weather Forecasting has improved dramatically. When Super Storm Sandy arrived in 2012. and other. so history repeated. o 2013 Jan to Mar. with predictions getting better and better as bad weather approaches an area. imposed by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and various state government environmental 97 http://www. leaders are oblivious to what weather forecasts tell us. 2014 This sub-head is mainly to facilitate document navigation. The leak ultimately leads to a disaster. it has special significance as to nature of severity. It does an excellent job of letting us know how serious weather is going to be.  in time line thru 1999.5 million fine that federal authorities say is the largest ever assessed for water-pollution permit violations. When the weather forecast says people should stay off the highways unless it is an emergency. 2014 Mar – Coal Fine This is here just to help Table of Contents navigation. cause fuel surge. and other facilities. offices. the company had not yet fixed this problem. authorities say no evacuation needed.

com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . Tennessee. selenium and salinity. and the state of that art. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. 98 2014 Mar-Apr Futurist Learning from Failure The Mar-Apr 2014 edition of the Futurist magazine has an article pages 30-31 on learning from failure. water acidity. Learn to view minor problems as weak signals of future more serious issues.-based coal producer Alpha Natural Resources Inc. The Farmington Hills/Farmington Emergency Preparedness Commission (EPC) will present a free series of Emergency and Disaster Response Training sessions every Wednesday from 6:30 to 9 p.scribd. so you don’t experience “for want of a nail. and life saving skills. The Emergency and Disaster Response Training will prepare citizens to rely on each other when first responders who provide fire and medical services are unable to meet immediate needs.hometownlife. The free training sessions are open to adults and children ages 14 and older who are accompanied by an adult. In addition to the fine.” Understand what can be predicted. or outfalls. Va. irrespective of the size of the organization.65 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM regulators. and dozens of its subsidiaries will spend $200 million to reduce illegal toxic discharges into hundreds of waterways across Kentucky and four other Appalachian states. running from March 5 to April 9 at the Costick Center in Farmington Hills. Virginia and West Virginia. manganese. • • • • Learn from the blunders of others. aluminum. Failures – our own and others – offer opportunities for correcting risk of more failures. The violations occurred at 794 discharge points. given how badly the area has been hurt by the economy. Understand all that is needed for success. Bristol. The EPA documented between 2006 and 2013 at least 6. Participants will learn what to expect in terms of emergency services. 98 http://www. the kingdom was lost. the federal government said. suspended solids. 2014 Mar-Apr Detroit MI Disaster Training This may be more valuable than usual.com/article/20140122/NEWS06/301220040/Sign-up-emergency-disastertraining 65 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. according to the proposed settlement.289 permit-limit violations for pollutants that include iron.m. which may be prevented if caught and managed early. individual responsibility for preparedness. Besides Kentucky. the discharges occurred in Pennsylvania.

org 100 66 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. due to freezing rain and gridlock.101 Mar 4 Most companies lack good disaster planning Initially I place notes in time line. killing one and injuring seven more. Shouldn’t something similar happen to contractors who go around doing things like this? At least 55 units in the town house development suffered some damage. 100 Drunk drivers get their driver licenses taken away. the utility got a call that the contractor had damaged a gas line. Officials next turn their attention to investigating why the blast happened.66 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM 2014 Mar 2 Ark-TN Motorists stuck on I-40 and I-55 We have been having fierce winter storms now for several months.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .99 I-55 was shut down for nearly the entire span of the highway from West Memphis to the Missouri border.com/news/contractor-in-deadly-new-jersey-explosion-fined-100k-for-safetyviolations/ 101 http://www. then get stuck for days. It happened again on the Arkansas Tennessee border with Winter Storm Titan. Mar 4 NJ gas explosion Construction work caused a gas leak. other than my main CI disaster analysis doc. or with a pointer to this place in the time line.scribd. Events leading to the explosion began with a contractor working to replace electric service to the house that later blew up. either with the text moved.drbenchmark. such as my cyber security tips doc.weather. others were stuck for several days.weather. and replicate the info elsewhere. Residents displaced by the blast have not been allowed to return to the complex located in the Trenton suburb of Ewing. Some of this info may in fact move to a document. Or I may leave it here.com/news/commuter-forecast/memphis-traffic-jam-winter-storm-titan-20140304 http://www. Some people abandoned their vehicles. officials from the utility PSE&G said.cbsnews. or was reported. as well as identifying the victim.com/news/explosion-ewing-township-new-jersey-20140304 102 www. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. and large numbers of people go out on the highways in the bad weather. This is a familiar story. which led to an explosion in Ewing Township. See 2014 Jan 28 for a similar situation in Atlanta GA. Around noon. in accordance with when the event occurred. This same contractor has been fined $100k for safety violations at 2 other work sites. Later I may add to my main CI disaster analysis document. and approximately 10 units were destroyed by the explosion that some compared to a bomb. The Disaster Recovery Preparedness (DRP) Council102 announced findings from its benchmark study which show that 73% of respondent companies worldwide are not 99 http://www. See 2014 Jan 29. NJ.

78% of respondents have experienced outages of critical applications.000 companies Information Technology (IT) personnel.104 Council Chairman Steve Kahan is scheduled to speak about this topic at Disaster Recovery Journal's Spring World 2014. and more than 65% of those organizations do not pass their own DR tests. and of that group. and among the minority that does.scribd. Of the respondents who have experienced outages. allegedly the industry's largest business continuity conference and exhibit. Key findings include: • • • • • 64% of respondents surveyed say that their organization's disaster recovery (DR) budget is inadequate and underfunded.org/secworld. 23% of respondents have never tested those plans. 63% say that losses ranged from a few thousand dollars to over $5M. or contact at info@drbenchmark. More than 60% report that they do not have a fully documented disaster recovery plan. For more information about the Disaster Recovery Preparedness Council visit their website at www.drbenchmark. See ACEP Report Card near beginning of Jan 2014 time line for how that plays out by US states. Approximately 1/3 say that they test their plan only once or twice a year. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. approximately 28% say their organization lost datacenter functionality for up to weeks at a time. 2014.org/about-us/our-council/ 67 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. taking place March 30 .com/business/press-releases/20140304-global-benchmark-study-reveals-73of-companies-are-unprepared-for-disaster-recovery.org. Fla.php?id=16476 http://blogs.csoonline.103 I would not be surprised if the percentage of unpreparedness for governments is higher than these figures for companies.providencejournal. which is more focused on medical preparedness than other kinds of disaster management. and relevant executives.67 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM taking adequate steps to protect their data and IT systems .net-security.drj.April 2.org There’s to be a webinar on the state of Disaster Preparedness on March 28.ece 104 http://www. This is based on a survey of 1. 2014 in Orlando.com/webinars/schedule/march-26-2014-the-2014-state-of-disaster-recoverypreparedness.com/disaster-recovery/3037/when-it-comes-disaster-recovery-its-nothing-failure http://www.html 105 http://drbenchmark. DRP Acronyms DR = Disaster Recovery DRP = Disaster Recovery Preparedness DRPC = Disaster Recovery Preparedness Council105 IT = Information Technology PII = Personal Identity Information RTO = Recovery Time Objectives RPO = Recovery Point Objectives 103 http://www.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .

You can take the survey yourself. • My own tips for personal cyber security. • Briefing for or by US Congress.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/ANNUAL_REPORTDRPBenchmark_Survey_Results_2014_report. networks and document repositories. including applications. topic vintage. targets of hacking and malware. Build a DR plan for everything you need to recover. 1.” I organize my downloads in folders by general subject matter. • Industrial control systems and SCADA – vulnerabilities. It is 21 pages. • US Presidential orders or plans. Also check out their blog. for national cyber security enhancement. The survey takes about 10 minutes to complete and nearly every question requires an answer so that the resulting benchmark database will be consistent.org/resources/ 110 Outages can occur thanks to human error.org/ 108 http://drbenchmark.pdf I downloaded this.109 Examples of best practices. and guidance on doing a proper job of disaster preparedness. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. All responses are anonymous but available to each participant as totals that allow you to make your own comparisons.68 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Disaster Planning Report A full copy of the report is available online.org/category/blog/ 109 http://drbenchmark.107 Personal and identifying information about each organization is strictly confidential and will not be revealed to other survey participants. business services such as the entire order processing system. 1.111 106 http://drbenchmark. natural disasters like earthquakes and severe weather. or even your entire site in the event of an outage 110 or disaster. I stored this one in folder: STUDIES / NATIONAL SECURITY / CYBER SECURITY AND CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE which has a dozen other PTFs there on such topics as: • Annual reports on various kinds of cyber security risks and breaches. 908 k.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . based on best practices. breaches. • Test DR plans much more frequently Based on the benchmark survey results.106 It contains both the results of this survey.108 and related resources. the DR Preparedness Council recommends that organizations consider implementing several steps to help ensure business continuity regardless of industry or evolving threats. such as phishing. I name my downloads based on publisher. 107 http://drbenchmark. I called this copy “DRPC Preparedness 2014. by the more prepared organizations: • Implement more detailed DR plans • Set specific DR metrics for RTO’s and RPO’s. problems at a critical supplier of a public utility An outage can include loss of: 68 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.scribd. or to the public in any way.

2. 3. The software must be installed. and arranged to use their fax. co-workers arranged a boat service to convoy personnel and goods between points inside and outside the flooded areas. and everything works perfectly. • Public utility water supply … can’t use toilets. o Tip: If you try this. and the weather was not good. and only if you have additional support to merge data between what might be there native. That laptop was placed outside in a tent. your work force has trouble commuting o In one personal experience incident. • Public utility electric power o In one personal experience incident. • Public utility Internet service … no access to e-mail for example o In one personal experience incident. companies must begin to automate these processes to overcome the high cost in time and money of verifying and testing their DR plans. my employer was without electric power for weeks. with an extremely long extension cord. We had a variety of ways to get the e-mail between this laptop and the personal PCs. Define Recovery Time Objectives (RTO) & Recovery Point Objectives (RPO) for critical applications. employees. 5. 3. We arranged to have co-workers visit that site at regular intervals during each work day. because our metal roof interfered with cell reception. We arranged with the phone company to have all calls to our fax machine forwarded to our friendly neighbor. check out specifications on distance connected devices may be from a company network server. because it has been breached. and not yet repaired. In the IBM OS world. Remember also that a lot of software is licensed to particular hardware. you can reload 100% backup on a totally different server platform. no way to get raw materials delivered. and what is coming from the backup archives. if you have an old version. Public and private delivery services. vendors and customers about your DR capabilities and how to improve them. but we were able to conduct our operations in the day time. due to roads blocked by flooding. and the know-how of the work force. you cannot set proper expectations and assumptions from management. a laptop could talk to a phone cell tower. Test critical applications frequently to validate they will recover within RTOs/RPOs. Co-workers took turns connecting this way to their e-mail. For DR preparedness to improve. drinking fountains. this connection is not where the rainwater can get to it. and might not be possible to do so. such as file cabinets. may be ordered to evacuate if the water sprinklers are inoperative • Public utility phone service … how will you conduct business if customers vendors cannot reach you. • Your business must shut down access to some critical service. we located other companies outside the outage area. Without these important metrics. In the PC world. no way to get goods shipped out. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.69 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM 2.scribd. where vans provided road transportation for employees. and fax machines are inoperative o In one personal experience incident. you cannot reach them.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . software often cannot be restored from a backup to the same or a different PC. • 69 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. o Tip: if you try this with a PC connected to the company network. 4. landslides. and connected to depots of UPS FedX and various other delivery services. or the results of an earthquake … no snail mail. make sure that where one extension cord plugs into another. provided the software licensing has authorized itself to operate on the CPU serial number of the backup server. and registered. Only the data used by the software can be accessed on another PC. 111 Remember that a large part of any company can be records outside of the computer system.

Then a company across the street from us had a fire. to avoid that also happening to us. Can a company function with an infinity of disaster recovery plans. One weekend. We replace it with hardware copy-C from our spare parts room. then we stick it in the spare parts room. within the company. but then when their insurance company paid for total replacement of hardware and software. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. So we bought some extras. they learned that they could no longer get all that stuff … companies had gone out of business. which would break down from time to time. I suggest you review: 70 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.scribd. So you have to give some thought how best to mitigate that risk. but intelligent personnel. but are not yet ready for a full scale disaster recovery plan. The malfunctioning device-A is shipped off to the repair place. very rapidly responded and saved the day. who want to be better prepared. A friend of mine was office manager at a company where the off-site media was stored at their home. We test the replacement to make sure it is in fact working satisfactorily. we were very dependent on some hardware. This taught us that a fire proof safe only blocks fire. then I believe that no plan is needed. They also had been using a fire proof safe. Personal Suggestions For organizations and ordinary people. and copy those wise practices ourselves. Standard device-A breaks down. 2. unexpectedly. We can learn from the bad stuff which happens to other people. All of their backups were melted. 6. when they were out of town. 3. training in all of them? Or is it better off with some generic protections. and take 2-5 days for the repair service provider to get us back in business. was not up to date with cost of getting back in business with that stuff. We can also see wise things being done by some companies. The problem area is back in business within minutes. because we are practiced at swapping out parts. models had upgraded. Provided a company has such personnel.70 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Personal Experience I have had personal experience with several corporate disasters. 4. or its equivalent.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . who are permitted by management to rapidly react to implement new things to deal with the new situation. At one point in the evolution of one of my employers. where there was no corporate planning for the particular disaster which occurred. Fortunately they had paper records sufficient to keep the business operating. not heat. There are an infinity of different bad things which can happen. there have been many breaches thanks to off-site media getting lost or stolen. such as off-site backup? I had one employer where computer backup media was stored in a fire proof safe. Off-site rotation is much safer from perspective of preserving the backups in case of disaster. Their list of needed hardware and software. However. A week later the repair place sends us a working replacement device. designated as hardware backup-B. 1. 5. both the office and home were burglarized. and got much faster recovery.

and real life.com/doc/149569351/Cyber-Security-PC-Tips-Al-Mac 114 http://www. Get a directory of all the hardware and software at your facility. Any time you test something to verify it is working correctly. and get a printout listing the software. then leave with a more recent backup. o On an annual basis do an audit of this info. in the areas they wish to protect themselves. do not get careless with it. you need to consider whether you want to buy spare parts. This way. which is critical to your successful operations. If you plan personal errands. which try to focus on what anyone can do with minimum effort and minimum expense. regardless of the weather outside your vehicle.114 The above include pointers to many resources more knowledgeable than me.scribd. Treat it like a bag of gold. to reduce the risk of misplacing the backup. company secrets. • 112 I started this section early in 2014. and general financial survival Tips.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . which people should peruse. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. such that this list needs to be updated? Is all this equipment still available on the market place. or leaving it unattended. you do not have all backups with the computer at one time. Have two sets off-site. o Take this info to your insurance company.scribd. you can bring in one of the two sets. so that you never have a disaster which wipes out both computer and its backups. and how parents can be pro-active to mitigate those risks.scribd. just in case a disaster strikes while you are conducting this process. after you think it is fixed. 113 http://www. check out my notes on risks to children.71 • • • • • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM The section of my main CI Boom Analysis document on what I think everyone should know. Have you made any changes. like groceries. Maybe take photos of the hardware. test to verify that it is in fact working as expected. etc. this list can help you be fully funded to reconstruct your essential framework of what your backups will need to access. do them on a separate trip than the transport of backup. remember this data may have PII. When you are planning another rotation. Keep it at room temperature. survival tip notes.  On a regular basis. and store them off-site. You want to be covered such that in a disaster.  When transporting backups. then test again. restaurant.112 My Cyber Security. 113 If you have children. If not available. rotate one of your backup media sets to a location other than that of the computer hardware. as I realized many disasters were triggered or caused by having a large number of people in the general public who do not in fact know. Any time you receive something. or is it considered obsolete. or upgrade to that which is in fact available. what I think everyone should know. with its replacement costs.com/doc/117284229/School-Scandals-and-Abductions 71 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. and find from your testing that something needs to be fixed.

such as natural disaster. Asteroid 2014 DX110. when you have no public utility service.400km. which need better DR planning? • Remember Katrina? The city of New Orleans had a disaster plan. City leaders had no access to their disaster plan.1716273 http://blog.scribd. It was on a computer system. and reports of what went wrong. will pass the Earth Thurs March 6. with respect to these giant rocks in our sky. or criminal break-in which steals everything. called 2014 EC which was discovered only 2 days in advance. or another office. Mar 6 Asteroid passes nearer Earth than Moon See 2014 Feb 17 for my thoughts on what human policies should be.72 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM o This info should also be stored off-site. An asteroid. After any major disaster in the news. sliding past us at a distance of just 56. on Wed March 5.ctvnews. in case of serious disaster at your main location. because now there was no electric power.116 Apparently astronomers only saw it less than a month before it was to pass us. The disaster took down all the computers. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. reach out to the staff of the place which suffered the disaster. Do not copy that inadequate planning. passes Earth within 345. to ask what lessons they have learned from this.co.000 km (35. This probably means both a copy of the plan on paper. that the rest of us need to know.600km – that's closer than the Moon at 384. at a friend or relative’s home.com/bigscience/2014/03/05/asteroid-came-close-today-and-missed-but-theres-anothertonight/ http://www. with organization(s) similar to your own. 2014 Mar 5 Indonesia ammunition explosion An explosion at an Indonesian navy ammunition warehouse near Jakarta killed one person and injured maybe 87 people.000 miles) above 115 116 http://www.seattlepi.theregister. like in a safety deposit box.com/news/science/asteroid-earth-moon-20140305 72 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.115 Mar 5 Asteroid passes nearer Moon than Earth See 2014 Feb 17 for my thoughts on what human policies should be. One possible cause of the explosion was an electrical short circuit which started a fire. and what problems did they have which they did not anticipate.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .ca/sci-tech/close-encounter-massive-asteroid-flies-between-earth-moon-1.uk/2014/03/05/another_earthskimming_asteroid_on_the_way/ http://www. Have a way to access your disaster plan. What worked great.weather.com/2014/03/05/world/asia/indonesia-explosion/ http://www. thanks to good DR planning. with respect to these giant rocks in our sky.cnn. and backup for critical public utility services. through professional networks.

503464?ModPagespeed=noscript https://www. exploded.seattlepi.my/nation/general/font-color-red-missing-mh370-font-pilot-i-established-contact-withplane-1.120 Malaysian update site.php/component/content/article/46/276.com.com/bigscience/2014/03/05/asteroid-came-close-today-and-missed-but-theresanother-tonight/ 118 http://www. a Boeing 777. there is great risk of rapidly changing stories and false speculations.theguardian.newsnet5.net/database/record.117 Mar 6 OH Cleveland house explodes A house vacant. 117 http://blog.504168?ModPagespeed=noscript http://www. with 239 on board. China.klia.net/database/record.122 There are conflicting stories regarding last contact with the plane. as it develops. • Radio communications with ground air traffic control.wikipedia.com/world/2014/mar/08/malaysia-airlines-flight-239-dead http://www. with broken windows for 2 nearby homes.com.wikipedia.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .theguardian.73 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Earth’s surface! This rock is roughly 10 meters across—half the diameter of the Chelyabinsk asteroid. • Lost radar contact with military. • Radio communications with another airliner in the area.com/news/local-news/cleveland-metro/explosion-homes-evacuated-at-e-112thstreet-and-sandusky-avenue-in-cleveland 119 https://en. disappeared from radar screens.php?id=20140308-0 121 http://www.nst.nst. Malaysia. hosted by the airport from which the plane left.mozilla:enUS:official&channel=sb&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=dugbU6q_O6HayAH3roCYAQ&ved =0CHkQsAQ&biw=1274&bih=694 120 http://aviation-safety.my/latest/font-color-red-missing-mh370-font-indonesia-helps-in-search-for-airliner1.malaysiaairlines.com/search?q=boeing+777+missing&client=firefox-a&hs=ZzB&rls=org.com/data/airplanes/9m-mro 73 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.html 123 https://en.html 122 http://www.google. over the Gulf of Thailand.php?id=20140308-0 http://www.119 The first few days after any surprise event in the news.com.nst. with evolving info about this plane. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. while traveling from Kuala Lumpur. • Transponder signal detected by ground air traffic control.com/world/2014/mar/08/malaysia-airlines-experts-surprised-at-disappearance-ofvery-safe-boeing-777 http://www.my/index. to Beijing.theguardian.org/wiki/Malaysia_Airlines_Flight_370 http://www.com. while on the market to be sold.com/my/en/site/dark-site.my/mh370?ModPagespeed=noscript http://www.118 Mar 8 Asia Airliner goes missing Malaysia Airlines flight MH 370.121 Here is an update site. including: 123 • Lost radar contact with ground air traffic control.scribd.org/wiki/Malaysia_Airlines_Flight_370 http://aviation-safety.flightradar24.com/world/2014/mar/08/malaysia-airlines-plane-mh370-kuala-lumpur-beijingboeing-777 http://www.

000 ft) at 06:45 on 9 March. we do not know how far it could have traveled before the crash.wikipedia. as the early days after the plane disappeared. A photo.scribd. because until we know what caused the plane to come down.124 The above graphic shows 1 Italy and 1 Austria. Here is where I found the following graphic. claimed to be of airplane wreckage. Their national identities (if any) are not yet known. There is where the plane disappeared in the sky.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .000 m (36. We should not expect them to be the identical place. shot by a Chinese passenger travelling in a flight from Beijing to Kuala Lumpur operated by Malaysia airlines too. Those are stolen passports carried by individuals with Asian faces. and where the plane may have crashed.my/latest/font-color-red-missing-mh370-font-indonesia-helps-in-search-for-airliner1. He said that he took multiple images from the window when his flight was at an altitude of 11.nst. has circulated on the Chinese social media site Weibo. Several nations have detected clues at different locations which may be a crash site.74 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Malaysian radar thinks the plane may have turned back.org/wiki/Malaysia_Airlines_Flight_370 74 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.504168?ModPagespeed=noscript 125 https://en.com.125 124 http://www.

when American Airlines Flight 587 crashed into a New York neighborhood.com/2014/03/09/world/asia/malaysia-airlines-plane/ 129 http://www. Every year from 1999-2012 there have been over 100 air crashes. at the time the 1985 crash of a single plane may well have been the most killed in any air disaster. according to Wikipedia. but there are more of them. was 520 Aug 12. disputing some of CNN’s details such as:129 • They share the story of 574 people killed at Tenerife March 27. so highways and their drivers are responsible for many more dead than plane crashes. suspicions of others in the plot • 574 – 1977 March 27 – Tenerife in Canary Islands – 2 planes collide • 520 – 1985 Aug 12 – Japan • 346 – 1974 March 3 – France • 349 – 1996 Nov 12 .cnn. 1977. 126 http://www.scribd. killing all 260 people on board and five more on the ground. Aug 2012. since planes get larger.cnn.com/2014/03/09/world/asia/malaysia-airlines-plane/ 128 http://www. with spokespersons saying the plane had been fully repaired.India We would expect that more and more people would die in plane crashes.co. From high numbers on down.dailymail. and we don’t have plane crashes every day. when two airliners collided.126 Other stories confirmed that later.131 I don’t know if they are including drones.uk/news/article-2576353/Malaysian-Airlines-Boeing-777-centre-crash-probecollided-plane-two-years-ago-breaking-wingtip.75 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM British Daily Mail thinks the lost airliner is the same plane which was involved in another mishap. • While 9/11 killed more.cnn. but a pair of them.org/wiki/Plane_crashes 75 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. moving forwards in history. it will rank as the deadliest airline disaster since November 12. which left the plane with a broken wingtip. 127 Deadly plane crash history As noted elsewhere.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .com/2014/03/08/travel/fatal-commercial-airline-crashes/index. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. We might expect lower number of crashes since planes get safer. If all those on board Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 are found to have died.html 127 http://www. more people than that die every day on US highways.wikipedia. while plane crashes may kill hundreds of people in a single spot. and because they are known to be extra safe. we can expect their owner management to get more careless.128 See the comments on CNN’s “deadliest ever commercial airline crashes. 130 • 9/11 – 2001 – 4 planes used in terrorist attacks. here are some of the deadliest plane crashes.html?iid=article_sidebar 130 https://en. because the 574 dead were not from a single plane. 2001. • Then they say the deadliest plane crash involving a single plane. 1985 in Japan.

pdf 134 http://www.133 Many nations respond Many nations are rushing both search and rescue.yahoo.504792?ModPagespeed=noscript http://www. New Zealand.com. Their bags were removed and were not on board the jet when it disappeared.my/latest/font-color-red-missing-mh370-font-malaysia-welcomes-sar-assistance-fromother-countries-1. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.132 Here is a passenger manifest. the US. By the end of the day Sunday March-9. and investigators.nst. who are reviewing info about the identities of everyone booked for that flight.504618?ModPagespeed=noscript 137 http://www. passengers from India. more than 40 aircraft (planes and helicopters) and more than 45 ships from several countries have joined the search for the missing MH370 airliner. 6 Australians. Other travelers included: 38 Malaysians. said Malaysian authorities.org/wiki/Plane_crashes http://www.com.76 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Passengers and crew 12 crew on board.com.138 131 132 133 https://en.cnn.com/2014/03/09/world/asia/malaysia-airlines-plane/ http://www.my/latest/font-color-red-missing-mh370-font-malaysia-welcomes-sar-assistance-fromother-countries-1.com/content/dam/mas/master/en/pdf/Malaysia%20Airlines%20Flight%20MH %20370%20Passenger%20Manifest.0. Ukraine.my/latest/font-color-red-missing-mh370-font-malaysia-welcomes-sar-assistance-fromother-countries-1. and 227 passengers.504618?ModPagespeed=noscript http://www.wikipedia.malaysiaairlines.nst.nst.cnn.504792?ModPagespeed=noscript http://www. Five passengers ended up not boarding the aircraft.com/news/sns-rt-us-malaysiaairlines-flight-20140307.my/latest/font-color-red-missing-mh370-font-search-in-coastal-areas1. the Netherlands and Austria.com.136 • Thailand – ship and plane • Singapore – ships and planes137 • Philippines – ships and plane(s). Canada. Russia.story http://www.6253650.my/latest/font-color-red-missing-mh370-font-us-dispatch-two-ships-aircraft-to-assistsar-operation-1.com.nst.com/2014/03/09/world/asia/malaysia-airlines-plane/ 135 http://www.nst.134 The nations include: • USA – ships.504599 136 http://my.news. to the area.nst. plane(s).my/latest/font-color-red-missing-mh370-font-search-in-coastal-areas1. The presumption is that it has crashed. and helicopters135 • Vietnam – ships and planes. Italy.scribd.com/malaysian-plane-crashed-off-vietnam-coast-state-media-060229352-finance. Taiwan.com.html http://www.chicagotribune. 7 Indonesians.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . France.504618?ModPagespeed=noscript 76 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. 152 of the passengers were Chinese nationals.

504618?ModPagespeed=noscript 142 http://www.com.144 138 http://my.nst.504696?ModPagespeed=noscript 140 http://www.my/latest/font-color-red-missing-mh370-font-us-dispatch-two-ships-aircraft-toassist-sar-operation-1.my/latest/font-color-red-missing-mh370-font-search-in-coastal-areas1. 30 medical personnel.504168?ModPagespeed=noscript 141 http://news.my/latest/font-color-red-missing-mh370-font-indonesia-helps-in-search-for-airliner1.nst.nst.yahoo.com/malaysian-plane-crashed-off-vietnam-coast-state-media-060229352-finance.my/latest/font-color-red-missing-mh370-font-malaysia-welcomes-sar-assistance-fromother-countries-1.nst. and 52 marines.my/latest/font-color-red-missing-mh370-font-result-of-oil-trace-expected-by-noontomorrow-mmea-1.com.com.nst. helicopter139 Indonesia – ships and a helicopter140 China .htm http://www.504618?ModPagespeed=noscript 139 http://www. Several nations have offered help.news.my/latest/font-color-red-missing-mh370-font-search-in-coastal-areas1.com.com.com. ten divers.com.141 Australia – 2 planes142 with highly specialized sonar equipment.77 • • • • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Malaysia – ships.com. including: • France143 Here is where I located the following graphic. Jinggang Shan and Mianyang. as well as lifesaving and underwater detection equipment. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. Jinggang Shan has two helicopters.504792?ModPagespeed=noscript http://www.html http://www.news.scribd.news.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . but do not yet have resources into the immediate area.my/latest/font-color-red-missing-mh370-font-malaysia-welcomes-sar-assistance-fromother-countries-1.yahoo.nst.nst.au/travel/travel-updates/australia-sending-two-p3c-orions-from-darwin-tomalaysia-to-aid-with-the-search-for-missing-malaysian-flight-mh370/story-fnizu68q-1226849663966 143 http://my.html 144 http://www.com/french-accident-board-offers-help-recovering-missing-flight-203706275.504792?ModPagespeed=noscript http://www.504599?ModPagespeed=noscript 77 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. planes.com/english/special/2014-03/09/c_133171410.xinhuanet.2 warships.

78 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM 78 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.scribd.

a U. This illustrates incompleteness of spy satellites.cnn.com/2014/03/09/world/asia/malaysia-airlines-plane/ http://edition.com. both before and after the point at which it disappeared from radar screens.S. or if something science fiction happened. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. and that country releases any details.S.79 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Once the plane is located. and a column of smoke. everywhere in the world.my/latest/font-color-red-missing-mh370-font-result-of-oil-trace-expected-by-noontomorrow-mmea-1.nst.145 A U. to see if it is the same as the fuel which was on the missing plane. was hit by a meteor. Some of that oil is now in the hands of Malaysia." said the official. 146 Vietnam armed forces discover clues Vietnamese officials are reporting oil slicks 6 and 9 miles long. This oil slick discovery led to much of the search and rescue effort being focused where Vietnam reported this clue. 145 http://www. including people from: • Boeing • FAA • NTSB The US FBI is participating in the investigation of the two passengers traveling on stolen passports. A "strange object" spotted by a Singaporean search plane.html?hpt=hp_t1 146 http://www. Singapore clue turns into dead end One promising lead has turned out to be a dead end. who spoke on condition of anonymity. official familiar with the issue told CNN. they would be able to extract pictures of the plane’s flight. The US has sent a team of investigators to assist.scribd. East of Vietnam in the South China Sea. which could be connected to the missing MH370 plane.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . This was first sighted by the Vietnamese air rescue forces.com/2014/03/09/world/asia/malaysia-airlines-plane/ 147 http://www. It they were watching everything which is going on. is not debris from the missing jetliner. as opposed to oil which can come from shipping.cnn. to figure out if it got shot down. by the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency.cnn.147 MMEA is one of the Malaysian organizations which has sent ships and planes to participate in the search. that location determines which country will lead the investigation. reconnaissance plane "thought it saw something like debris but it was a false alarm. which has sent it for analysis.com/2014/03/09/world/asia/malaysia-airlines-plane/index. late Sunday afternoon March 9.(MMEA).504696?ModPagespeed=noscript 79 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.

and was recalled to base. Locate the black boxes. Boeing statement about the MH370 incident. Vietnam's navy next day got close to the floating object about 80 kilometers (50 miles) southwest of Vietnam's Tho Chu Island.150 Boeing 777 reputation The Boeing 777 is popular among airlines because of its capability for going great distances. Karn Dee-ubon told CNN Sunday March-9.jpg 80 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. However. Thai Navy Rear Adm. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. Due to the dark.scribd.boston. Locate the missing plane. 3. and a reputation for great safety.com/storyline/missing-jet/boeing-777-boasts-nearly-spotless-safety-record-n47566 152 Details here: http://www. The shift came at the request of the Malaysians. Karn said. the most important issues initially are: 1. Vietnam National Search and Rescue Committee Spokesman Hung Nguyen told CNN.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . which is located off the country's southwest coast in the Gulf of Thailand. While it is a serious issue. the navy aircraft could not get close enough to identify the floating object.151 Besides the Asiana crash July 2013 in San Francisco. Some aircraft mishaps have nothing to do with the aircraft. who are looking into possibilities the plane turned around and could have gone down in the Andaman Sea.cnn.148 Vietnam authorities think that object is a door of the plane.153 Stolen passports The stolen passports thread leads to speculation that terrorism may have taken the MH370 plane down.m.m.com/2014/03/09/world/asia/malaysia-airlines-plane/ http://www. that most nations are permitting passengers to travel on stolen passports. 2.149 It was found in the same area as the giant oil slicks.com/doc/152562460/Boeing-777-crash-San-Francisco-2013-July 153 http://www.152 the only other serious incident with the 777 was January 2008 when a British Airways jet landed 305 meters short of the runway at London’s Heathrow airport.nbcnews.scribd. Rescue anyone who can be rescued.80 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Then an object was spotted by a Vietnamese navy rescue aircraft at about 7:30 a.boeing.html 150 http://www. near Thailand's border.com/news/world/asia/2014/03/09/air-force-chief-malaysia-jet-may-have-turnedback/TLZ5W65xU3mLsTVxD3lA5N/story. ET Sunday (6:30 p.cnn. and everything to do with human action.com/assets/images/feature_948x432/malaysia_statement_948x432. Thailand's navy shifted its focus in the search away from the Gulf of Thailand and the South China Sea. Ships from Vietnam maritime police are also headed to that area. 148 149 http://www.com/2014/03/09/world/asia/malaysia-airlines-plane/ 151 http://www. local South China sea time).

Within another day. and expanded on that thread. “If Malaysia Airways and all airlines worldwide were able to check the passport details of prospective passengers against INTERPOL's database. but this will continue to be an international scandal. for sure. INTERPOL created its Stolen and Lost Travel Documents (SLTD) database to help countries secure their borders and protect their citizens from terrorists and other dangerous criminals known to use fraudulent travel documents.com/2014/03/09/world/asia/malaysia-airlines-plane/ 157 http://www. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. what caused the plane to crash.81 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM 4.boston.foxnews. the UK more than 120 million times and the UAE more than 50 million times. Since then INTERPOL's database has grown from a few thousand passports and searches to more than 40 million entries and more than 800 million searches per year.156 ‘‘I can confirm that we have the visuals of these two people on CCTV.go. (There are over 200 nations on Earth.com/world/2014/03/08/malaysia-airlines-loses-contact-with-plane-carrying-23people/ 155 http://abcnews. then we would not have to speculate whether stolen passports were used by terrorists to board MH 370.154 This was on the first day. We would 154 http://www.scribd. 157 Interpol has a data base of stolen passports supplied to them by 180 nations. averaging 60. of a few nations. Fox News claimed two of the passengers were traveling with stolen passports.html 81 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. adding that the footage was being examined. Unfortunately. I predict politicians.000 hits. The US searches this database annually more 250 million times. when the plane was reported missing.com/Blotter/malaysian-flight-mystery-reveals-loophole-passportchecks/story?id=22838660 156 http://www. very few nations use this data base to verify passports. will take action to mandate better cooperation with Interpol. Figure out. by intelligence agents. both stolen in Thailand.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . other news media confirmed this.) However. few member countries systematically search INTERPOL's databases to determine whether a passenger is using a stolen or lost travel document to board a plane. 155 The two passengers who used the stolen passports appear to have bought their tickets together. With multi-tasking. This reality cannot be news to the industry of airlines and airport security.’’ Malaysian Transport Minister Hishammuddin Hussein said at a news conference late Sunday. 2001 terrorist attacks. Starting in 2002 following the September 11.com/news/world/asia/2014/03/09/air-force-chief-malaysia-jet-may-have-turnedback/TLZ5W65xU3mLsTVxD3lA5N/story. there can be an effort to address the issue of billions of lights a year possible with stolen passports. The stolen passports are one each Austrian and Italian. of people who pay attention to the news. because the ticket numbers are contiguous. But this incident has illuminated it for the world.cnn.

2. 158 The two stolen passports belonged to: Austrian Christian Kozel.nst.com. and Luigi Maraldi of Italy.my/latest/font-color-red-missing-mh370-font-thai-police-target-passport-ring-invanished-flight-probe-1.com/news/world/asia/2014/03/09/air-force-chief-malaysia-jet-may-have-turnedback/TLZ5W65xU3mLsTVxD3lA5N/story. and why. Interpol could have told them that the Austrian passport had been reported stolen in 2012 and the Italian in 2013. with what is known so far. no country had checked with them about the Austrian or Italian passports possibly used by two passengers on the flight. 4.boston.” said Interpol Secretary General Noble. no problem) or STOP info = intercept that passenger. Create a list of passports used at a particular airport … include which flights those people headed for.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .html http://www. 158 http://www. If anyone had.” In a statement posted online March 8.interpol.504785?ModPagespeed=noscript 82 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.82 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM know that stolen passports were not used by any of the passengers to board that flight. Interpol reported that last year passengers were able to board planes more than a billion times around the world without having their passports screened against Interpol's databases.159 So how simple is it to check with Interpol? 1. Interpol also notify nation of the stolen passport.scribd. Interpol respond PASS (let passenger go.com/Blotter/malaysian-flight-mystery-reveals-loophole-passportchecks/story?id=22838660 159 http://www. This is not uniquely a Malaysian problem. Interpol said that prior to the takeoff of Flight 370.int/News-and-media/News/2014/N2014-038 http://abcnews. I sincerely hope that governments and airlines worldwide will learn from the tragedy of missing flight MH 370 and begin to screen all passengers’ passports prior to allowing them to board flights.go. “For the sake of innocent passengers who go through invasive security measures prior to boarding flights in order to get to their destination safely. Also see: • 2014 Feb 24 ID THEFT facilitated via stolen passports thanks to inept government and travel industry ignoring Interpol resources. 2014 Apr This is here to help with TOC navigation. 3. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. Transmit that list to Interpol.

gov. I resided much of my adult life in the Greater Cincinnati area.ntsb. Rail Safety: Transportation of Crude Oil and Ethanol. adding a line or two. define them one place for reference. so I need not visit the web site as often. S. It will be free and open to the public. and federal oversight. • I need to assign labels for causes of these incidents. construction and crashworthiness. will explore DOT-111 tank car design. Hersman.W. located at 429 L'Enfant Plaza. rail operations and risk management strategies.C. WASHINGTON . Revision History I am Alister Wm Macintyre. • We are seeing many incidents for the same causes as other incidents. listing the relevant cause labels. • Then I can go thru time chunks. recognizing that I will continue to find out about more incidents. No registration is necessary. a resident of Evansville Indiana. • Then I can go thru the events. • This then prioritizes which cause labels have the highest priority for mitigation efforts. A future revision tentative plan (formulated early 2013). 2014 it will hold a public forum on April 22-23 in Washington that will examine safety issues associated with the transportation of crude oil and ethanol by rail. so that mitigation education is not getting to where it is needed. For those who are unable to attend in person. and the investigations will reveal more cause data in the future. if known.ntsb. The forum will be held in the NTSB Board Room and Conference Center. Washington. to find out the newest info. The forum. and draw up statistics on which cause labels were the most prevalent within the data I have seen so far.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . 83 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. emergency response challenges and best practices. where it is a case of lessons learned in one geography. “This forum will explore both the risks and opportunities that exist to improve the safety of transporting these important commodities.scribd. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. the forum can be viewed via webcast at www.83 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM 2014 Apr 22-23 NTSB forum = train safety for oil and ethanol I am now subscribing to NTSB news on several topics. D. where causes have been figured out.P. there is a corresponding obligation to protect our communities and our environment. not communicated to others.” A detailed agenda and list of participants will be released closer to the date of the event and will be made available on our website at www.” said NTSB Chairman Deborah A. "While the soaring volumes of crude oil and ethanol traveling by rail has been good for business.The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) announced March 6.gov.

5. and counting)  2008 and 2009 (15 pages. I make PDF version of the DOC. I upload to various places. Later I would evaluate if there are any other logical ways to sub-divide the thing. I may adjust DOC next version # framework. 9. which was found to be deliberate insurance fraud. When I decide it is about time to share another edition of these notes: 1.split just before Nov 2012 which has the Indianapolis incident • Just under 10 pages before • 15 pages + 8 Indy summary up top for Nov-Dec  2013 Jan-March (20 pages. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. o Introduction & conclusions up top. • I should create secondary documents showing only the events in particular time frames: o Notable events Adjust titles … Gas … something … then date range … “something” might include major other types of events in that time frame  thru 1999 (14 pages. 84 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.84 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM A future revision tentative plan (formulated early 2014). a. 2. an index of when did I upload what where.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . then delete old version. 10. Search news for latest stories about: i. I make sure the table of contents is up to date. and counting)  2007 (18 pages. 7.scribd. and counting)  2000 thru 2006 (19 pages. In Scribd. 6. I may review-revise the synopsis. Disasters in general. I jot down revised statistics. I notify various contacts that a new version is now available. and counting) This would have pointers to each of the time frames which have been culled from the earlier big document. then pick a good break point. and where I plan to upload this latest. • This document is getting to be excessively large and unwieldy. to see if any are relevant to including in this collection of stories. 8. then delete old copies. and counting) • Probably not peel off until W Va incident dies down. and counting)  2010 and 2011 (19 pages. plus revision history (45 pages. such as the Indy explosion. and counting)  2012 . Chemical Spill iv. 3. I make an entry in my Drone Docs Log. I make sure the version # reflects my plans. I check various news sources to see if there’s any relevant breaking news which belongs in here. 4. and counting)  2013 April (20 pages)  2013 May-Dec (5 pages)  2014 so far (22 pages. Gas Explosion ii. Pipe line iii. In Scribd.

several places: • Google Drive Docs in my “Disaster Avoidance” collection. needs adjusting. Here is my account on Scribd: http://www. I am active in Crisis and Fire Safety groups on Linked In. with the revised Scribd interfaces: • Get to the document on Scribd • Find link near top = Edit • Check on whether description. Sometimes I tell some contacts via e-mail. https://docs. so I can retain popularity statistics. I check when was last time I did a PC backup. which I inform after uploading another edition of this. which are conceptually similar to LI Groups.com/doc/114094060/Indy-Boom Older versions are also available there. I may also inform them about this. all you can see about me there is this: http://www. is another about due? Jan-12 when uploading version 4. and I have not yet figured out how to make the collection public again.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . • Climate Change – since the massive leaks of aging energy delivery infrastructure is one of the many nails for our coffin. you have to be connected with me. while anyone may use search engine on Internet to search for my name.scribd. who got an earlier version. 160 I believe that anyone who has the url. and save that • Then near bottom of Edit. 163 http://www.linkedin. LI dropped Box Net in early December.google. the url for this doc will always remain: http://www. by any means other than copying 129 files one by one. 162 You have to join Scribd before you can download stuff people have uploaded there. there’s a place to upload latest revision.scribd. However. if I have a new one since they did so. From time to time I share another edition of these notes. since it impacts home safety. I use the same name. • Scribd162 Critical Infrastructure163 collection.com/folder/d/0B9euafJH4bZMTA0YTM0YzktNTI0YS00NjVhLTg5NTItY2RiZjhiM2MzODkw/edit I increment version # for new uploads. the topic. I delete the old one.com/collections/4108500/Critical-Infrastructure 85 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.scribd. Thus. After uploading another edition. Google Plus now has Communities. • Clean Tech and Renewables community – people interested in alternatives to our current energy choices.1. When I upload new revisions of my notes.com/AlMac99 People familiar with Scribd can navigate from there to my documents and collections. my collection label. I may inform G+: • Local circle = people who live and work near my Indiana location. that a new edition has been uploaded. and unaccompanied small children. then after new version uploaded.85 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM 11. category. which is in many folders by different topics.scribd. etc. can access directly. I discovered I had forgotten how to do that. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. to be able to view what I have uploaded to my LI Box Net collection. and find the url that way. 160 • Linked In161 Box Net in my “Disasters and Scandals – Learn from them” folder. to help people see. • Parenting – I have been telling them about updates to my notes on a nationwide risk to children commuting to and from school – there are predators now targeting school bus stops.com/in/almacintyre After joining LI. 161 If you have not joined Linked In.

and it has had a trickle of more stuff. 5. 3. at bottom of EVERYONE SHOULD KNOW section. then upload replacement 2013 editions. but with Google Drive. There’s breaking news about Embridge totally replacing a pipeline with a bigger one. I started on what EVERYONE should know. 2. this main analysis doc = • 99 pages. TIPS – everyone should know & Survival Tips section with mitigation for the ordinary person. to reflect these splits. not yet split into however many months. I decided. ANALYSIS = remainder of main doc 4. I am uploading a revised edition of the main doc.86 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM 1. I do not yet have date of when this story broke. Feb-14 late morning. If I am still working on 2013 NTSB reports. c. It still has time line details for May-2013 thru Feb-2014. running a close tie with inept construction companies. 1. that whenever I can get a break in the rush of info I want to add to my CI-disaster notes: 1. do another statistical review now. of which approx o 40 pages are top analysis o 10 pages summarize recurring scenarios of the time lines o 17 pages last of 2013 to soon be split off o 17 pages 2014 Jan also plan to split off 86 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. which previously was focused on people working in the critical infrastructure areas where human error is responsible for most disasters.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . At this point in time. Share main doc as is. BOSS = government and NGO outfits allegedly in charge of CI safety e. LOG = revision log to be shared not with Scribd. Upload 2010 to 2011 since I just did major update there regarding the largest man made earthquakes in history. and/or employee … I am not yet sold on best name for this section. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. I polished the main document. 6. Continue working backwards thru NTSB reports (I am now into middle of 2013) and when I get to reaches 2012. Then 2014 Feb which continues to get trickle of additions. this time to “CI Boom Analysis”. NEXT = time line continues. but it is evident that ancient pipelines are a major cause of many disasters.43 Version 99 pages – Main doc – 2014 Feb 14 As I got each CI Boom time-line setup. of the kind that environmentalists are up in arms about. My initial sub-topics are related to stuff that has gone horribly wrong due to ordinary people not knowing some stuff. 8. I renamed main doc again. do another statistical review of installment sizes. regardless of profession. Split off from main doc a. I need to spend some time digging into this. which I intend to peel off in the future. a.scribd. When this happens. 7. 2000-2006 is the oldest version out there. Maybe others f. b. so they can move more oil into the USA. I do not know the age of the original pipeline. d. End Feb / early March.47 Version – Main doc After first week of March.

as I think I am getting better. After Revision notes on main doc.87 • • • • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM o 7 pages 2014 Feb so far o 20 pages revision history. combined with lessons which need to be learned. o 2014 Jan may wait until Feb ends. o I start summary at top of each time line with that summary there. to 1 ½ pages broader perspective. I have been under the weather. to decide whether or not to include 2014 Feb in the latest installment. It went from ½ page based on Indianapolis to San Bruno focus. apparently ignored by everyone there. leading to a nasty situation. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. o There are some planned splits not yet implemented.663 mainly from USA • Notes: 7 Feb-13 nite I rewrote the summary. is a section of time line revisions. which could have got people killed. 87 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. This had so much growth in information. has grown to over 60 pages. This means I sometimes miss my usual pursuits by a week or more. o “First Aid for Buildings” = another new section in the analysis area. • I split time line into chunks of 20-40 pages. is busiest time of year at my day job.164 with cut-offs at years or months. o Omaha factory explosion I started more sections in the mitigation section. o Charleston W Va chemical spill impact on water supply. Also late-Dec 2013. and other cities in SE USA had a winter storm.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . early Jan 2014. health-wise. prior versions on Scribd had accumulated: • Views: 1. that are for both that time line. when I saw in the 2014 Jan Omaha animal food explosion. that I made that its own time line installment. o Atlanta GA. Word outlining failed to let me provide the bulleted indentations the way I like to do them. and the overall big picture. with: o Chaos seems forever present at the beginning of any disaster. maybe older can be condensed 4 ½ for TOC 227 foot note clusters 1. Moving forwards there continue to be more stories like the ones I have previously been covering. I keep the analysis and correlation in the main document. exclusively on Charleston W Va disaster 2014 Jan. organized in reverse date sequence.43. the same kind of • • • 164 A single installment. In some portions of the list of commonality of incidents. Last few months of 2013.11 Meg doc 597 k PDF Before uploading version 1.scribd. with periodic flare-ups. outside of the time lines. with ample warnings from the National Weather Service. and beginning of 2014.

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Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM scenario as was reported with high rise buildings with power outages from Sandy … structures not designed for evacuation in an emergency. o Glossary & Acronyms significant growth, thanks to 2014 Jan-13 CRS report on Federal Response to Oil and Chemical Spills.165 There had been acronyms in FEMA reports which I had not previously had a clear understanding what they signified. o Mitigation Research o Role of Company Auditors o What everyone should know, because it is obvious that many disasters occur due to vast numbers of people not knowing some critical things. Continuing forwards with new events, and occasional additions to prior dates. New sections or chapters into the analysis area.

• •

1.41 Version 221 pages 2014 Jan-12 – W Va Water
221 pages (up 43) shared Jan-12, with 669 footnote clusters (150 more), 9 page TOC. This doc is now 5.8 Meg, PDF is 1.5 Meg. I had added more info on multiple major events, including: • 2013 Bangladesh 8 story factory falls down • 2013 Texas Fertilizer Explosion • 2014 Charleston W Va chemical spill impact on water supply. • Continued news, moving forwards, more of the usual stuff. Before uploading version 1.41, the prior versions on Scribd had accumulated: • Ratings: 5 stars • Views: 1,512| • Likes: 1 • Notes: 7

1.4 Version 178 pages 2013 Apr-23
178 pages (up 35) shared Apr-23, with 519 footnote clusters (133 more), 6 ½ page TOC, not counting revision history. This DOC is now 4.9 Meg; PDF 1.3 Meg. I added more info on multiple major events, including: • Tax Economics in introductory perspective section; • 2013 Jan 28 Senate field hearing; • Indianapolis Explosion, which triggered my interest in this general topic; • Continued news, moving forwards. Page bottom footing now has url of one place I share this, for convenient reference when I decide to share info about it with some contacts.

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See 25 page report = http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/R43251.pdf I named my copy “CRS Spill Response 2014 Jan.” I found out about this report here: http://blogs.fas.org/secrecy/2014/01/usmcdrawdown/

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A discussion of 2013 April 17 Texas Fertilizer Explosion on Firenet166 on Linked In, hosted by http://www.fire.org.uk, noted similarities with the 1947 April 16 Texas City Disaster, so text describing that event got added. Then other similar explosions were identified. News on this event is still pouring out.

1.3 Version 143 pages 2013-Jan-23
143 pages shared Jan-23, with 376 footnote clusters, 5 page TOC, not counting revision history. This DOC is now 4 Meg, PDF is 919k. Jump in DOC mainly size due to the addition of some illustrations, from GAO and NTSB reports. Growth since last sharing is approx 50%, mainly due to me studying many official reports, and extracting clarity of what caused various disasters. I had changed working title of document from Indy Boom to Gas Boom. I added more to mitigation ideas in the introduction. I started Profit thru Mitigation chapter. I added more info on multiple major incidents, including: • 1965 Mar 1 La Salle Heights disaster in Quebec Canada • 2004 July GAO report on Pipeline Safety • 2004 Oct 27 Kingman KS pipeline rupture • 2005 Dec 13 Bergenfield NJ gas breach, explosion, fire • 2007 May 1 NTSB report on 2005 Dec 13 Bergenfield NJ disaster • 2007 Jun 14 NTSB report on 2007 Oct Kingman KS pipeline disaster • 2008 Mar 5 Plum Borough PA natural gas disaster. • 2008 Nov 21 NTSB report on 2008 March Plum Borough PA disaster. • 2012 Mar GAO report on Pipeline Safety • 2012 Dec 11 WV event that wiped out 800 feet of Interstate, and other damage • 2013 Jan 16 Preliminary NTSB info on the 2012 Dec 11 WV event • 2013 Jan GAO report on Pipeline Response I am trying to locate, and study NTSB reports which collectively show all the different kinds of things which can go wrong, so that my mitigation ideas cover the gamut of what’s needed.

1.2 Version 92 pages 2013 Jan-18
92 pages shared Jan-13, with 269 footnote clusters, and 4 page TOC. This DOC is now 1 Meg, PDF 506k That’s almost double in size in a week, mainly volume from my studies of recent NTSB reports, some of which led to more Lessons we should Learn introductory section. Also I had lots of additions throughout. I had grown the introductory perspective, to make it easier to see where to recheck latest overall statistics, and access investigation results, often not directly shared by news media. I had added to list of common causes in need of mitigation.

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I added more info on several major incidents, including: • 2006 Sep 15 Rancho Cordova CA PG&E pipe time bomb • 2007 Oct 7 Sacramento CA PG&E defective pipe • 2008 Dec 24 Rancho Cordova CA PG&E explosion etc. • 2009 Oct 14 Dixie fire Carmichael MS NTSB reports • 2010 May 18 Rancho Cordova CA PG&E NTSB report • 2010 July 26 Marshall Mi Enbridge Oil Spill • 2010 Sep 09 San Bruno Ca PG&E Pipeline rupture explosion fire • 2011 Aug 30 San Bruno PG&E NTSB report • 2012 July 10 Marshall Mi Enbridge NTSB report • 2012 Dec 11 Sissonville WV

1.1 Version 52 pages 2013-Jan-13
52 pages shared Jan-13, with 195 footnote clusters, and 3 pages of Table of Contents. This DOC is now 699k, PDF 317k. This is about 20% growth since last sharing. Since prior version sharing, I had added numerous additional incidents, and made a start on cause labeling, mitigation, avoidance, perspective described above. Many common cause chapters have also been expanded to describe more of the problems, and multiple additional ideas for mitigation.

1.0 Version 44 pages 2012-Dec-25
44 Pages shared Dec-25, with 168 footnote clusters citing my sources, and other relevant info. This DOC is now 608k, PDF 267k. I added to some chapter headings … geography summary here, since they are not all Indy or history perspective. Thanks to some disasters, where we now know contributing factors, I add up top to standards needed. Three culprits in Nov-10 Indy explosion got arrested at the end of December.

0.9 Version 40 pages 2012-Dec-08 – Common Causes
Forty Pages shared Dec-08, with 150 footnote clusters citing my sources, and other relevant info. This DOC is now 550k, PDF 254k. It has been read 228 times on Scribd. I continue to add more incidents, and as I do so, I correlate … this was caused by the same kind of scenario as another disaster, emphasizing where lessons learned are failing. Since last edition, I had added a bit more about some of the disasters, for example: • 2012 Oct 12 explosion … the gas “smell” was not rotten eggs, but garlic … the gas industry is engaged in misinformation which is placing customers at risk. • Industry Blind Spots went into Common Causes Introduction summary for this concept, more may be added there later. • Also, after I saw multiple explosions thanks to similar causes, I added to Common Causes some thoughts on how those types of incidents could be further mitigated, such as Safety Standards Improvement ideas. • Revision history got links to where people can find revisions of my notes. 90 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.scribd.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis

next worst. since last edition I had added: • Springfield MA explosion added. 91 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.5 had 31 footnotes citing sources. is more damage. and either never reported it. and some hyper links.6 Version 12 pages 2012-Nov-21 Twelve Pages shared Nov-21. irrespective of value of property which inflates over time … several square miles of buildings. Not yet known who those persons are. 0.8 Version 2012-Nov-27 Nov 27 I uploaded this. or authorities failed to evacuate people at risk. The PDF is now 208k. gas pipeline breached. additional info scattered thru-out V 0. since last edition I had added: • Misc. gas storage tank explodes. 0. additional info scattered thru-out V 0. o Most property damaged. I also rearranged sequence to put Time Line after Indianapolis Investigation results. where people smelled the gas long before the explosion. • Misc. and some hyper links.6 had 45 footnotes citing sources. I think what may be needed are: o Most people killed and injured. and some hyper links. Since last edition I had added: • More “in perspective. in my mind. V 0.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . o Most spectacular fires. then within days authorities knew the cause • Other notable gas explosions … I no longer believe San Bruno is the worst in US history.7 Version 20 pages 2012-Nov-24 + Springfield Twenty Pages shared Nov-24.scribd. o These kinds of statistics by source of explosion … gas line breached.” • Additional notable explosions … which seem to be worst. than one high rise building. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. since last edition I had added: • The investigation has switched from cause of accident. 0.5 Version 11 pages 2012-Nov-19 – Indy = Criminal Eleven Pages shared Nov-19. Given growth of content. to criminal – persons who deliberately caused it to happen.7 had 84 footnotes citing sources. by various criteria … an area I have just started to consider. o Also avoidable disasters. • Banner header for top of research notes. 0.91 • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM A trickle of additional info about Indianapolis aftermath. I am now sharing both DOC (links work better) and PDF (more reasonable size to copy).

Earlier versions Shared with a few pals via e-mail Time Line Revision History Here’s info on the various date chunks. since last edition I had added: • Reconciled Shirley conflicting stories. addresses 3 homes at center • Indy Speculations and Investigations = 1 page • Aftermath. As various segments grow. then I decided to move them to the beginning of each of the time line documents. description summaries on each time line. For almost a week early in February 2014. • Additional info scattered thru-out V 0. I am periodically refining how I am organizing my info.3 had 9 footnotes citing sources. content ranges. they could have asked for the reports a few days in advance. was disrupted by: • An explosion of day job tasks when auditors descended on HQ and I got a parade of new reports that had to be done yesterday. 92 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. I was only able to deliver them tomorrow. and some hyper links.92 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM 0. 0. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.scribd. I may do further splits of date ranges.3 Version 6 pages 2012-Nov-12 Six Pages shared Nov-12. while keeping here just a summary of the summary. but this roll. which I use when uploading them to Scribd. whose Table of Contents were: • Indianapolis Explosion Time Line so far • Sat Nov 10 = 4 bullets • Sun Nov 11 = 8 bullets • Mon Nov 12 = 2 bullets • Indianapolis Explosion Summary = ½ page • Damage Estimates = ¼ page • Mapping = 1 link. Initially I included here. As usual. with the most current on to p.4 had 20 footnotes citing sources. • San Bruno details reconcile whether a gas explosion could explain this. Immediate = ¼ page • Great Indy Sources = 1 page – Authorities and News media • Acronyms = 6 clarifications V 0. I was on. and got them when they needed them.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . I was uploading one time-line doc a day. • Some pets not getting reunited with their human families. • Revision history inserted.4 Version 8 pages 2012-Nov-15 Eight Pages shared Nov-15.

While working on that. I ask if this state of affairs can ever be mitigated. I implemented this 2014 Feb-8. Feb-17 I updated links. or more. then make nexte working version 1. growth since last upload sharing with: • 2014-Feb in main doc. I also rearranged CI collection.613 reads • 1 likes After the change. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. Indy Boom rename as CI Boom Analysis I decided to rename from “Indy Boom” to “CI Boom Analysis” this document where uploaded to Scribd. • 2014 Feb-17 page count review of all time line installments. currently in main doc. relevant to the Jan9 2014 incident. In recent days.scribd. The latest organization is: • Orange folders for each time line segment which now exists. • Yellow folder for next time line segment. Scribd statistics were: • 1. cover-up terminology. Before the name change. so my writings were in front of uploads of other docs. means initial rescue efforts are hampered with not knowing precisely what has happened. The earlier count of reads stayed as is. we are flooded with bad information. which happens to be the same day as my age 70 birthday. and the nature of a disaster disrupting communications. determined that there had been 10%. • 2014 Jan-9 WV Water. • 2014-Jan. other than my writings. before resuming the uploading process. while inserting more info. I have additional uploads coming soon. Personal Folders split I have recent printed copies of these notes in folders. I have also added to main doc: more NGO sites. compared to that of their prior upload editions. at end of main doc.93 • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM I watched Senate hearing on safety of drinking water in W Va. I also added to the main CI Boom Analysis with a chapter: o “Chaos Venting” = in the immediate aftermath of any disaster. get current on this new info. • Red folder for these revision notes. 2014 March-8 I rearranged because of bulkiness and frequency of accessing different sections of my notes. not yet split.43 to 1. and learned the House will also be doing one in a few days. because changing the name also changed the url. for reference. did not go back to zero. I resolved to add appropriate links. 93 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. • Green folder for main analysis notes. maybe should be split. I resolved to upload those as version 1.44.45 .com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . • 0 thru 1999.

after creating the different time line chunks. but near top of LI HOME page. Jan-9 WV H2O due there next. and maybe the “everyone should know” section here. 3.170 and that evening to my LI status. Year 2014 Feb – 16 pages – V 1. 189k PDF. At this point in time: The 2014 Feb time line was up to over 50 topics.scribd. The 2014 Feb time line was up to 41 topics = 12 added since prior installment We now have Feb-22 with 6 stories.scribd. I was getting approx 1 more page of activity per day. use the info here to update both my PC security tips.com/doc/208253102/CI-Boom-2014-Feb 170 https://plus. With the link.167 and mentioned on G+168. Upload another edition of the main document. in this main analysis doc. I posted to my status: It was there from Feb-23 nite until Feb-24-25 midnite. Year 2014 Feb – 22 pages – V 1. While main doc = 79 pages. of which 6 pages are on corporate lack of disaster planning and my mitigation comments. I should refresh TOC before uploading them. when I replaced it with Jan 2014 link.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . and what better job is needed for mitigation.46 – 2014 Feb-25 Due to occasional periodic additions. 2. 94 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.com/u/0/108007903544513887227/posts/GBZGdRVS4Ad 171 It no longer goes on PROFILE edit.94 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Year 2014 March As of March-8 the main analysis doc has accumulated 8 pages of 2014 March time line entries.google.171 At this point in time: The 2014 Feb time line had 16 pages. 97 foot. 251k PDF. in 22 pages. At some point in the future maybe roll the lack of company DR plans into another doc. Until then.169 mentioned on G+. so 2014 Feb-23 afternoon. TOC 1 2/3. 3 dates with 3. Multiple days have multiple stories: • 8 on Feb-22 • 5 on Feb-14 • 4 on Feb-06 • 3 each Feb 10 11 12 21 • 2 each Feb 05 08 09 19 24 In recent days I have put 2014 Jan + Feb on my LI status. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. 2014 Feb so far has been a very mild month.google. I have been tracking Critical Infrastructure disasters. 6 dates with 2. 511k Doc.com/u/0/108007903544513887227/posts/dwAGYCKFRPD 169 http://www. I uploaded revised edition to Scribd. 352k doc. This leads to a tentative plan: 1. when there has been significant growth in the more traditional time line entries.scribd.com/doc/208253102/CI-Boom-2014-Feb https://plus. Previously: • No dates had more than 3 stories o Feb-22 is now there with 6 stories 167 168 http://www. TOC 1 1/4 .45 – 2014 Feb-23 After uploading 2014 Feb so far. I uploaded revised edition to Scribd. 2014 Feb-23 afternoon. 74 foot. Split off time line document just for 2014 March. Feb-14 with 5.

scribd. it came to 10 pages.com/doc/207503705/CI-Boom-2014-Jan 173 174 http://www. 2014 Feb 24-25 midnite. With these updates so far.com/u/0/+ClaudeConkrite/posts/bsyrkqx1N5c 95 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. and trying to figure out what our civilization ought to be doing better. to mitigate against the next time. o Main doc not yet merged Feb digest.V 1. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. With the link. it was 13 pages.com/collections/4108500/Critical-Infrastructure 175 https://plus. which I have in a separate document. the old main document now = (down in all categories) • 75 pages • TOC = 3 • 138 footnotes • 814k Doc I have not yet updated main doc with digest of what went into Feb so far. It had 29 stories. so I figure by the time the month is over. Year 2014 Feb – 13 pages .02 05 08 09 11 12 … o Feb-12 went from 2 to 3 stories o Feb-21 is now on the list with 2 stories Main doc = 75 pages and also: o Summary of 2014 Feb not yet digested the 13 new stories.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .google. TOC=1. excluding the WV water disaster. with 28 TOC ingredients. 59 foot. 167k PDF. http://www. I should refresh TOC before uploading them. before or after the 13 new stories.175 Within 15 minutes there was good feedback on G+. with 3 of them on each of Feb-06 10 12 14. I created this time-line split.95 • • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM o Feb-14 went from 3 to 5 stories 2 dates had 4 each-06 10 o Feb-12 went from 2 to 3 stories o Feb-14 went from 3 to 5 stories 6 dates had 2 each. 254k doc. I posted to my status. Here are my January 2014 notes so far. When I was ½ to 2/3 of the way thru this month.176 At its launch point.172 2014 Feb-20 late afternoon.173 added to Critical Infrastructure collection. Feb-24-25 midnite: I have been tracking Critical Infrastructure disasters. I mentioned this on my Linked In status. of which approx ½ are CI mishaps and approx ½ are commentary on dealing with various risks.scribd. 172 It goes on top of LI HOME page.scribd. it will make a nice standalone document.com/u/0/108007903544513887227/posts/3YRwzuZWNUQ 176 https://plus. and two each for Feb-02 05 09 11. uploaded it to Scribd.44 – 2014 Feb-20 Due to occasional periodic additions.com/doc/208253102/CI-Boom-2014-Feb http://www. after creating the different time line chunks. thru Feb-17.scribd.174 and mentioned on G+.google.

177 mentioned on G+.scribd.96 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Year 2014 Jan – 29 pages – V 1. after creating the different time line chunks.182 and mentioned on G+. after creating the different time line chunks.google.com/doc/207503705/CI-Boom-2014-Jan https://plus.179 mentioned on G+. Year 2014 Jan – 23 pages – V 1. It had grown to: • 29 pages • TOC 1 ½ almost • 82 foot • 505k doc • 311k PDF Meanwhile main doc = 84 pages. I uploaded this to Scribd.42 for all time line installments.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .180 Latest additions: Grand Totals from 2013 Disasters. ACEP national report card.46 – 2014 Mar-06 Due to occasional periodic additions. More = 5% 2014 Feb-17 wee hours.scribd. I should refresh TOC before uploading them. I uploaded a revised edition to Scribd. multiple investigation results: more footnotes on some stories. TOC 3+ Year 2014 Jan – 20 pages – V 1. some minor corrections. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.43 – 2014 Feb 17 Due to occasional periodic additions.183 In less than an hour.43. It had grown to: • 23 pages • TOC 1+ • 71 foot • 327k doc • 213k PDF Meanwhile main doc = 80 pages.scribd.178 Latest additions: Growth in 2013 Disaster statistics. 21 = 2014 Feb-17 mid-day page count check.181 added to Critical Infrastructure collection. Version number had been 1. I uploaded a revised edition to Scribd.44 – 2014 Feb-18 2014 Feb-18 mid day. until I uploaded a revised edition of Jan-9 W Va water disaster. Then I bumped all next to 1. using last TOC entry.scribd.com/doc/207503705/CI-Boom-2014-Jan 96 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. 2014 Mar-06 mid day.google.com/u/0/108007903544513887227/posts/WV349xUDZTj 179 http://www. to improve clarity.com/doc/207503705/CI-Boom-2014-Jan 180 https://plus.184 177 178 http://www.com/u/0/108007903544513887227/posts/i5ES5Jy6hf9 181 http://www. I should refresh TOC before uploading them. someone has shared it. Erica NC investigation results:.

com/collections/4395203/Economy 188 https://plus. I need to also add them to main doc NGO section. TOC-2. 168k PDF The main analysis document has not yet merged in digest of 2014 Jan activity.com/collections/4108500/Critical-Infrastructure https://plus.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .com/doc/203973261/CI-Boom-2014-Jan-9-W-Va-Water 186 http://www. to mitigate against the next time.185 included in my Critical Infrastructure186 and Economy187 collections. • See if I can condense the revision section. Feb-25. I posted to my status. Feb-25 evening:: I track Critical Infrastructure disasters.com/doc/203973261/CI-Boom-2014-Jan-9-W-Va-Water 97 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. I uploaded V 1. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.scribd. I do not always see when they come out. 417k PDF. for all other installments. 1 @ TOC. added to my bookmarks. 283k doc.com/u/0/108007903544513887227/posts/dtAbdQacEtK 189 It goes on top of LI HOME page.com/108007903544513887227/posts/5xjBxBzvJpC 184 https://plus.google. 236-foot. after creating the different time line chunks. • There are also some primary sources I have not visited recently. 182 183 http://www. in the mainstream news media. and told G+. Here are my notes on a chemical spill which wiped out tap water for 300.000 people in WV. and what we ought to do better.google.2014 Feb 25 Due to occasional periodic additions. mid-afternoon.scribd. Year 2014 Jan 9 W Va tap water – V 1. • Review past time line segments for (a) geography tags most significant there (b) industry summary like I did in Jan 2014 summary. 929k doc.189 At this point in time. 66 footnote clusters. Main analysis doc is currently 78 pages. such as NTSB reports on investigations.scribd.com/collections/4108500/Critical-Infrastructure 187 http://www. this doc = 69 pages.45 revision to Scribd.97 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM 2014 Feb-16 I get done moving more of the time line to a new document.188 That evening I informed my LI status.scribd. http://www.com/u/0/+GregLoechel/posts/78gQ5LaN6me 185 http://www. With the link. • I recently found some additional sources for disaster updates.google. name: • CI Boom 2014 Jan • Where CI = Critical Infrastructure This new document = 20 pages.45 .scribd. What happened. • “Continued in more docs” need to get link to this guy. I should refresh TOC before uploading them.scribd. and is now (down in all categories) = • 76 pages • TOC 3+ • 158 footnotes • 873k doc My plans for near future: • Upload a couple other time line segments with 10% growth since last uploads.

name: • CI Boom 2014 Jan 9 W Va tap water • Where CI = Critical Infrastructure This new document = 40 pages. on C-Span. More = 10% Feb-10.43 .2014 Feb 09 Within a few days after uploading version 1. it had grown to 62 pages.190 with revision V 1. the old main document = • 85 pages (down lots) • 177 footnote clusters (down lots) • 4 page TOC • Doc size 896 k (down lots … diagrams transferred) Year 2014 Jan 9 W Va tap water – V 1. If when the news updates seem to die down.scribd. which had occurred Feb-04. I did not find coverage of the 2 hour hearing in Charleston.com/doc/203973261/CI-Boom-2014-Jan-9-W-Va-Water 98 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.. bankruptcy. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. that’s over 50% growth. Since Feb-1. While searching. thanks to the Hearing. a US Senate hearing into W Va drinking water safety. 830k Doc. I may upload another revision. • Lawsuits info 69 = 2014 Feb-17 mid-day page count check. 2014 Feb-01 I get done moving more of the time line to a new document. 365k PDF. 552k doc. At this point in time. I made a few more additions to: • Company responsible for the spill … ownership. At this point.43. or about 20% growth since Feb-01. so I went hunting in news media near there for info about it. 250k PDF.98 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Year 2014 Jan 9 W Va tap water – V 1. 2 page TOC. just over 1 page TOC. using last TOC entry. players in that corporate game.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .scribd. 115 footnote clusters. conflicts of interest.43. then I added info about it into this doc: • Charleston info sources • Glossary • Hearing (new section) • Known so far • Legislative response (new section) • Summary This grew the document to 48 pages. Feb-9 evening I replaced this time line installment in Scribd. I have not yet added 100% of what I learned.42 . 178 footnotes.2014 Feb 01 2014 Feb-05 evening I watched. I also got updates to many related dimensions. 190 http://www. which effectively increased these notes to approx 68 pages.

Other updates to the original total document. 37 footnote clusters. Then I bumped all next to 1.scribd.com/doc/203973261/CI-Boom-2014-Jan-9-W-Va-Water http://www. TOC-1. name: • CI Boom 2013 May-Dec • Where CI = Critical Infrastructure This new document = 10 pages.scribd.42 for all time line installments.google.197 2014 Feb-15 I get done moving more of the time line to a new document.scribd. 117k PDF However.google. after creating the different time line chunks.scribd.195 added to Critical Infrastructure collection. 10 = 2014 Feb-17 mid-day page count check.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .43. = Same 2014 Feb-16 wee hours.com/doc/207356334/CI-Boom-2013-Mar-to-Dec 196 http://www. 154k doc.191 included in my Critical Infrastructure192 and Economy193 collections. Version number had been 1.43 – Feb-16 Due to occasional periodic additions.scribd. while this was going on: • Not much … Indonesia Volcano erupts after evacuat ed people allowed back into the area. until I uploaded a revised edition of Jan-9 W Va water disaster.com/collections/4395203/Economy 194 https://plus.196 and mentioned on G+. using last TOC entry. while this was going on: • Continued hits into dates moving forwards. • I also have some info going into earlier time line installments With these updates so far. the old main document now = • 82 pages (down 15) • 156 footnote clusters (down 38) • 4 page TOC • Doc size 921 k (down lots) Year 2013 May-Dec – V 1. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. the old main document now = (down in all categories) 191 192 http://www.com/108007903544513887227/posts/JugJ8SjgNfD 99 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.com/collections/4108500/Critical-Infrastructure 197 https://plus.com/108007903544513887227/posts/UCjKnVo1NCx 195 http://www. With these updates so far. Other updates to the original total document.42 to Scribd.99 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Then Feb-1 evening I uploaded V 1.scribd.194 Scribd starting description explains lots of blame to go around . and told G+.com/collections/4108500/Critical-Infrastructure 193 http://www. I uploaded this to Scribd. I have not yet got the digest of latest time line incorporated into main doc. I should refresh TOC before uploading them.

202 2014 Feb-02 afternoon. 566 k doc (including 2 illustrations). 562 k doc (including 2 illustrations). in just that one month.com/doc/204575461/CI-Boom-2013-April http://www. Due to occasional periodic additions.scribd. and damaged. this being the only installment not yet uploaded.google.scribd. injured. Also I need to study Bangladesh a bit more … I think there is more than one garment factory going up in smoke.google. and informed G+. TOC 1 page. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. Other updates to the original total document. 310k PDF. it was up to 1 positive comment.com/u/0/+internazi/posts/fGmyN6nuC4j 100 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. I should refresh TOC before uploading them.scribd.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . 65 footnote clusters.google.200 At that point in time. I get done moving more of time line to new document. and one had re-shared it. Ca phone systems • April 16. +2. and another re-share. while this was going on: 198 199 http://www. name: • CI Boom 2013 April • Where CI = Critical Infrastructure This new document = 23 pages.com/108007903544513887227/posts/NBMcT6MffBH 201 https://plus. after creating the different time line chunks. TOC 1 page.05 Meg Year 2013 April – V 1. using last TOC entry.198 added to my Critical Infrastructure199 collection. Within a couple hours. sniper vs. 64 footnote clusters. for which I have summary completed. This installment is now 24 pages. this time-line segment = 23 pages.com/collections/4108500/Critical-Infrastructure 200 https://plus.42 – 2014-Feb-04 2014 Feb-04 mid-day.201 By that evening. 2014 Feb-06 I added one event to this time line = • April 4.100 • • • • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM 93 pages TOC-4 202 footnotes 1. Year 2013 April – V 1. More = just 1 page A few days after Feb-08 I added a bit more to the sniper story. a couple people had +1 my G+ post. sabotage vs. 24 = 2014 Feb-17 mid-day page count check. Scribd starting description shares lessons still unlearned and counts of dead. Ca power plant.com/u/0/+SterlingLeavitt/posts/HhxSJ2jvbii 202 https://plus. I uploaded it to Scribd.

because it is obvious that many disasters occur due to vast numbers of people not knowing some critical things. and other cities in SE USA had a winter storm.google. with ample warnings from the National Weather Service. I now have 7 time line installments.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . TOC 1 ¼ page. this time-line segment = 24 pages. 102 footnote clusters. 96 footnote clusters. combined with lessons which need to be learned. leading to a nasty situation. 368k PDF. using last TOC entry. and 2 of them uploaded to Scribd.com/108007903544513887227/posts/BEZobje4TDD 101 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. 3 meg doc (including 2 illustrations). while this was going on: • Atlanta GA.scribd. TOC just over 1 page.42 .scribd. and mentioned on G+. that are for both that time line. the old main document now = • 85 pages (up 3) • 156 footnote clusters (down 38) • 4 page TOC • Doc size 921 k (down lots) Year 2013 Jan-Mar . 2014 Feb-01 I get done moving more of the time line to a new document.205 At that point in time. with what everyone should know.2014 Feb-05 Due to occasional periodic additions. Continuing forwards with new events in the news. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. the old main document now = 203 204 http://www. separated from main analysis. Doc = 3 meg (see diagrams from Jan-23 GAO report). which could have got people killed. 24 = 2014 Feb-17 mid-day page count check. and the overall big picture. after creating separate chunks. I start summary at top of each time line with that summary there. outside of the time lines. = Same Shortly after uploading this.101 • • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Instead of summary for Scribd in Revision notes. With these updates so far.com/collections/4108500/Critical-Infrastructure 205 https://plus. I should refresh TOC before uploading them. • I started another section in the mitigation section. With these updates so far.com/doc/204889417/CI-Boom-2013-Jan-to-March http://www.V 1. name: • CI Boom 2013 Jan-Mar • Where CI = Critical Infrastructure This new document = 23 pages. I added some more info about KC Feb 2013. which were apparently ignored by everyone there. Other updates to the original total document.203 added to my Critical Infrastructure204 collection. 2014 Feb-05 mid-day I upload this to Scribd.scribd.

102 • • • • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM 132 pages (down 9) 301 footnote clusters (down 69) Just over 5 page TOC Doc size 1. 517 k doc Other updates to the original total document.org/sgp/crs/homesec/R43251.fas. At this point. More = 1 page 2014 Feb-10 I added a small amount to 2012 Aug. using last TOC entry.com/doc/204042682/CI-Boom-2012 http://www.206 include in my Critical Infrastructure207 collection. the old main document now = • 141 pages (down 29) • 370 footnote clusters (down 130) 206 207 http://www.org/secrecy/2014/01/usmcdrawdown/ 102 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. I should refresh TOC before uploading them.scribd.29 I get done moving more of the time line to a new document. Basically the indents would not go the way I wanted. It is now up to 41 pages.fas.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .com/108007903544513887227/posts/J7U6ozuecoY 209 See 25 page report = http://www. to show hierarchy of topic and subtopic.” I found out about this report here: http://blogs.8 Meg (down lots … thanks to diagrams transfered) Year 2012 – V 1. 141 footnote clusters. thanks to Jan-13 CRS report on Federal Response to Oil and Chemical Spills. inform G+. 2014 Feb-02 morning I upload this installment to Scribd. 2014 Jan.42 – 2014-Feb-02 Due to occasional periodic additions.208 Scribd starting description shares stories of incompetence and greed.scribd. 144 footnote clusters.pdf I named my copy “CRS Spill Response 2014 Jan. name: • CI Boom 2012 • Where CI = Critical Infrastructure This new document = 40 pages. 2 page TOC. while this was going on: • Significant Growth to Glossary & Acronyms. 523 k doc. 2 page TOC.209 There had been acronyms in FEMA reports which I had not previously had a clear understanding what they signified. 252 k PDF. the document = 39 ½ pages. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.google.scribd. With all these updates so far. I got the same problem with Indianapolis and New Albany. I could not get the bullet indentations to work right for Pacific Gas & Electric. after creating the different time line chunks. When inserting 2008-2009 into CI incident summary.com/collections/4108500/Critical-Infrastructure 208 https://plus. When working on 2012. 41 = 2014 Feb-17 mid-day page count check.

42 for all time line installments. I uploaded this to Scribd. 210 211 http://www. 1 page TOC. 208 k doc With these updates so far. 228k doc.scribd.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .com/doc/206962922/CI-Boom-2010-to-2011 http://www.scribd.43. TOC 4+ pages. 1 page TOC.43 – 2014 Feb 13 Due to occasional periodic additions.scribd. 169 foot (42 just revision) Prior to Time Line = 47 pages (27 just time line).27 get done moving more of the time line to a new document. after creating the different time line chunks. Version number had been 1.211 and mentioned on G+.7 Meg (down) 2010 to 2011 – V 1. 153k PDF. 2014 Feb-13 mid-day.com/u/0/108007903544513887227/posts/DA5JdNaKshv 103 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. Then I bumped all next to 1. 73 foot (96 just time line) 2014 Jan. I should refresh TOC before uploading them. while the analysis doc: Overall = 93 pages. It is now up to 23 pages. More = 1 page Shortly after uploading this. Excluding Revision History = 74 pages (19 just revision). 211 foot. Version number had been 1. until I uploaded a revised edition of Jan-9 W Va water disaster.42 for all time line installments.210 added to Critical Infrastructure collection. the 2010 to 2011 time line had grown to 22 pages.103 • • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM 6 page TOC Doc size 4. Then I bumped all next to 1. using last TOC entry. 42 footnote clusters. I should refresh TOC before uploading them. until I uploaded a revised edition of Jan-9 W Va water disaster.com/collections/4108500/Critical-Infrastructure 212 https://plus. after creating the different time line chunks.google. I added more info on San Bruno. 23 = 2014 Feb-17 mid-day page count check. 53 footnote clusters. the old main document now = • 170 pages (down 19) • 500 footnote clusters (down 39) • 7 page TOC • Doc size 5 Meg (down) 2008 to 2009 – V 1.212 At that point in time. name: • CI Boom 2010 to 2011 • Where CI = Critical Infrastructure This new document = 20 pages.43 – 2014 Feb-12 Due to occasional periodic additions.43.

Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.com/collections/4108500/Critical-Infrastructure 218 https://plus. At this point. I could not get the bullet indentations to work right for Pacific Gas & Electric. and mentioned the upload on G+. 37 footnote clusters. name: • CI Boom 2008 to 2009 • Where CI = Critical Infrastructure This new document = 17 pages.218 Scribd starting description talks about: 213 214 http://www.214 and mentioned on G+.com/doc/206714326/CI-Boom-2008-to-2009 http://www. 154k doc Other updates to the original total document.com/collections/4108500/Critical-Infrastructure 215 https://plus.com/108007903544513887227/posts/9PzQ1kxE7qv 104 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.215 Within 10 minutes someone had +1 my G+ post. I should refresh TOC before uploading them. • 2014 Omaha factory explosion • Continuing forwards with new events.3 Meg (up) Year 2007 – V 1.com/u/0/108007903544513887227/posts/SXFcZYRNWUA 216 http://www. the old main document now = • 189 pages (up 10) • 539 footnote clusters (up 3) • 7 ½ page TOC • Doc size 5. to: 18 pages.scribd. 135k PDF.google. With all these updates so far. using last TOC entry. o “First Aid for Buildings” o “Mitigation Research” When inserting 2008-2009 into CI incident summary.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis .com/doc/204262969/CI-Boom-2007 217 http://www. 44 footnote clusters. 23 = 2014 Feb-17 mid-day page count check.scribd. 1 page TOC. 1 page TOC.scribd.42 – 2014-Feb-03 Due to occasional periodic additions. While main doc is at 89 pages. using last TOC entry. 171k doc. More = Same 2014 Feb-12 mid-day. Scribd starting description describes lessons which need to be learned. More = Same 2014 Feb-03 mid-day I uploaded this to Scribd. 963k doc. 4+ TOC. while this was going on: • 2014 Charleston W Va chemical spill impact on water supply.104 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM 18 = 2014 Feb-17 mid-day page count check. I uploaded this to Scribd.scribd. • New sections or chapters into the analysis area. time line 2008 to 2009 had grown a little. 2014 Jan-27 I get done moving more of the time line to a new document.216 added it to my Critical Infrastructure217 collection.213 added to Critical Infrastructure collection.google.scribd. after creating the different time line chunks. 190 foot. and occasional additions to prior dates.

More =1 page I have added a small amount in 2014 Feb. using last TOC entry. With updates so far. 1 page TOC. to 22 pages.222 Scribd starting description describes lessons unlearned. http://www.com/u/0/108007903544513887227/posts/EXtWbLoMrgF 222 http://www.42 – 2014-Jan-31 Due to occasional periodic additions. my G+ post had been +1 and re-shared223 by Petia Ganeva. It is now 23 pages.com/in/almacintyre 223 https://plus. Doc 196k. 2014 Jan-31 mid-day.scribd.221 and my Linked In status. where the time line formerly began.2 Meg 2000 to 2006 – V 1. At this point. PDF = 171 k By mid-day Feb-01. ignorant of all the others. 67 footnote clusters. At this point. name: • CI Boom 2007 • Where CI = Critical Infrastructure This new document = 22 pages. If there are scripts to adjust. Doc 197 k. summarizing the incidents and causes involved.224 I had a hassle. 2014 Jan-13 6 pm I get done moving time line 2007 to a new document. the document had grown a wee bit to = 23 pages. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.scribd.220 then added it to Critical Infrastructure collection.google.219 the old main document = • 179 pages (down 18) • 536 footnote clusters (down 21) • 7 ½ page TOC • Doc size 5.105 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM same old same old.google. but got the job done. Doc 223 k I added new chapters. mentioned it on G+.com/doc/203688481/CI-Boom-2000-to-2006 221 https://plus. 25 footnote clusters. TOC 1 page. 2014 Jan-13 noon I get done moving time line 2000 to 2006 to a new document. time line 2000 to 2006 had grown a little. 1 page TOC.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . name: • CI Boom 2000 to 2006 • Where CI = Critical Infrastructure This new document = 22 pages. community after community re-learning lessons. 66 footnote clusters. after creating the different time line chunks. they are better done before starting the upload. 219 220 They include some more info on 2014 W Va chemical spill causing water disaster. TOC 1 page.com/u/0/108948049605345910836/about 105 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. 29 footnote clusters.linkedin. 23 = 2014 Feb-17 mid-day page count check. I should refresh TOC before uploading them.google. I uploaded this to Scribd.com/u/0/108948049605345910836/posts/YMixFbkRuXN 224 https://plus. PDF 150k. doc size 228 k.

59 footnote clusters. while saying “once in a century” foments society failure to take precautions to mitigate serious risks.225 and mentioned it on G+ social media. I should refresh TOC before uploading them.scribd. 225 226 http://www. 2014 Jan-28 evening I upload this doc to Scribd. 68 footnote clusters. I made a few additions to this time line.. As of Feb-7 it is up to 21 pages.. then explained that “worst” terminology clouds clear understanding of relative severity of each disaster. TOC just over 1 page. to = 19 pages. It started out on Scribd with visibility 3/5. the old main document = • 195 pages (down 15) • 557 footnote clusters (down 72) • 8 page TOC • Doc size 5. particularly 1988 and 1996. or 10% 2014 mid-Feb. doc size 217 k.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . with info which came out thanks to W Va 2014 Jan water incident. in 1965-1970. 21 = 2014 Feb-17 mid-day page count check. implying I need to improve the description. after creating the different time line chunks. got to 4/5. 2014 early in Feb. using last TOC entry.com/u/0/108007903544513887227/posts/ivUCRcwwDaM 106 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. More = 2 pages.V 1.google. Adjusting it for other reasons.226 Scribd description got re-written a couple times. 2014 Jan-12 11 pm I get done moving time line thru 1999 to a new document. of 22 pages etc.com/doc/203317455/CI-Boom-0-thru-1999 https://plus.3 Meg 0 thru 1999 . and an asbestos situation 2001-2003. TOC 1 1/3 pages. I added some small chunks about gas explosions.43 = 2014 Feb-19 Due to occasional periodic additions.106 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM With updates so far.scribd. PDF = 146 k = maybe 20% growth since Jan-12. 77 footnote clusters = maybe 10% growth since Jan-28. At this point it has grown a little. Feb-19 I uploaded V 1. name: • CI Boom thru 1999 • Where CI = Critical Infrastructure • This new document = 16 pages. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.43 and neglected to capture statistics here. doc size 217 k. at that point in time.

to the point that we seldom believe that any more.500 injured in Texas City. http://www. 439 killed in Senghenydd UK coal mine explosion.227 . 500+ dead and 3.5 Meg 0 to 1999 summary Jan-29 in G+ Here is what I posted: I later used this phraseology in re-write of Scribd description. the old document = • 210 pages (down 11) • 629 footnote clusters (down 40) • 8 page TOC • Doc size 5. After the Colorado Theater incident. What I am finding out is the oil and chemical industries fail to learn from history. 575 killed in Ufa Russia train disaster 561 killed in Oppau Germany BASF fertilizer explosion. Other worst includes harm to environment. and decided to split the time line into more digestible chunks. The worst industrial incidents (some of them were not accidents but criminal negligence on steroids) I have found include: • • • • • • • • Thousands of these incidents in the USA. 227 http://www. With the updates so far.com/doc/203317455/CI-Boom-0-thru-1999 Of course. We see the same kinds of disasters again and again. and will cross-link these documents as I get them uploaded to the same SCRIBD Critical Infrastructure collection. I been working on my Critical Infrastructure disaster notes. 425 killed in New London Tx school explosion. Irish Potato Famine was man made – millions died. I get new incidents add to my notes. You know how the news media labels every weather storm. correlate how could it have been avoided.scribd.scribd. make a list of lessons learned. Apparently modern news media is ignorant of mass shootings of Indians at places like Wounded Knee. here are some more incidents with the exact same lessons. then hey.107 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM I added a chapter summarizing the chaos which occurred thru 1999. where new generations of managers and employees are as untrained and uneducated as those from 100+ years ago. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . $ cost to clean up. the news media said this was the worst mass shooting in US history. that is worst from perspective of # people killed.com/collections/4108500/Critical-Infrastructure 107 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. NGO studies showing thousands of accidents waiting to happen. for many of the same reasons. and every humanitarian disaster as the worst yet.scribd. since the main document was approaching 250 pages.

Second .Same • 2000-2006 = 23 <. here are page counts of various installments.46 Feb-23) = 22% … Third • 2014 Mar – coming soon due to corporate unpreparedness for disasters • Main doc has 2 pages beyond Feb-2014.43 Feb-16) – 40% … Next one due.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . 2014 Mar-5.scribd. to help me judge priority for next upload sharings. I dropped out of this interest for a few days when I did my annual income taxes.69 (1.42 Feb-05) • 2013 April = 24 <. I have also recently received additional DC on Economics.Mar-06 gets 1.22 (1. and some associated personal financial review.100 (Feb-14) … reduction via 2014 Jan-Feb extraction. to help me decide which ones are about due to get a new edition uploaded.42 Feb-02) 1/13 = 8% • 2013 Jan-Mar = 24 <.22 (1.42 Feb-04) • 2013 May-Dec = 14 <.last upload ( version when) Growth / Percent • Main analysis doc = 84 <.10 (1. 2014 Feb-25. 2014 Feb-25 As of mid-day. of the various time line installments.23 (1. not uploaded yet.42 Jan-31) 1/11 = 9% … maybe Fifth … growth tie but oldest since a version uploaded • 2007 = 24 <.23 (1. • 0-1999 = 24 <.45 Feb-25) • 2014 Jan = 29 <.24 (1.22 (1.18 (1. to help me judge which has grown most to justify uploading replacement additions soon. Format is” • TITLE = Page count now <. then a trickle of more info • 0-1999 = 22 <.22 228 Provide that detail if when significant changes. Format here is” • TITLE = Page count now <. maybe after I get to a break point in NTSB reports which I am reviewing • 2012 Jan-9 WV H2O = 69 <. I also had some spikes in my semi-retired part-time day-job responsibilities.43 Feb-13) 2/11 = 18% … Fourth • 2012 = 42 <.43 Feb-14) … main changes were 2014 Jan-Feb extraction.23 (1. here are the page counts. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.108 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM Doc size reviews I periodically review how much the different installments have grown.100 (1.44 Feb-18) = 26% . I should let beyond Feb-2014 grow to around 15 pages before deciding to split off however many months next.46 • 2014 Feb = 27 <.39 (1.42 Feb-03) = 4% • 2008-2009 = 18 <. then I started expanding the “everyone should know” section. 108 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.22 (1.as of last upload (when)228 Growth / Percent • Main analysis doc = 78 <. which is the most recent time line segment..43 Feb-19) 1/11 = 9% • 2000-2006 = 24 <. 2014 Mar-05 As of early evening.43 Feb-12) • 2010-2011 = 26 <.

Same 2008-2009 = 18 <.Same 2012 Jan-9 WV H2O = 69 <.com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . 2014 Feb-25 during revisions 2014 & thru 1999 Tues Feb-25 wee hours popularity in reads of most recent uploads to Scribd: • CI Boom 2014 Feb = 57 • Currency turmoil (Economics) = 62 • CI Boom 2014 Jan = 53 • CI Boom 2013 Jan-Mar = 39 • CI Boom 2010 to 2011 = 46 • CI Boom 2008 to 2009 = 16 • CI Boom 2013 Jan-Mar = 41 • CI Boom 2013 April = 64 • CI Boom 2007 = 26 • • • • • CI Boom 2012 = 470 CI Boom 2014 Jan 9 WV Water = 168 CI Boom 2000 to 2006 = 44 CI Boom 0 to 1999 =42 War Cycle (Economics) = 59 2014 Feb-18 during new revisions Tues Feb-18 mid-day popularity in reads of most recent uploads to Scribd: • Currency turmoil (Economics) = 33 • CI Boom 2014 Jan = 35 • CI Boom 2013 Jan-Mar = 34 • CI Boom 2010 to 2011 = 33 • CI Boom 2008 to 2009 = 16 • CI Boom 2013 Jan-Mar = 29 • CI Boom 2013 April = 62 • CI Boom 2007 = 25 109 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.62 (Feb-09) so again soon 2014 Jan = 25 <.109 • • • • • • • • • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM 2007 = 23 <.Same 2010-2011 = 24 <.scribd.22 (Feb-13) 1/11 = 9% so maybe third 2012 = 41 <.39 (Feb-02) = 5% 2013 Jan-Mar = 24 <. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www.23 2013 May-Dec = 10 <.23 (Feb-18) = 8% so maybe fourth then recheck #s 2014 Feb = 22 <.Same 2013 April = 24 <.16 (Feb-23) so Again Soon • Scribd Statistics I am curious if there is anything I happen to be doing. which results in some of my docs being much more popular than others.

com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . 3-4 views may be me setting anything up.110 • • • • • Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM CI Boom 2012 = 450 CI Boom 2014 Jan 9 WV Water = 160 CI Boom 2000 to 2006 = 38 CI Boom 0 to 1999 =30 War Cycle (Economics) = 52 2014 Feb-13 soon after 2010-2011 Sat Feb-02 evening. I uploaded this installment for the first time. then 1-2 for each subsequent revision. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. except time line embedded in the document which had grown excessively large. Sun Feb-13 afternoon: • Most recent additions of time line installments new to Scribd • 2010-2011 = 16 reads • 2008-2009 = 12 reads • 2013 Jan-Mar = 36 reads • 2013 April = 59 reads • 2007 = 24 reads • 2012 = 428 reads (fantastic) • • • • • • • • 2014 Jan 9 water = 118 reads (amazing) 2000-2006 = 37 reads 0-1999 = 30 reads War Cycle = 32 reads Debt 2014 = 38 reads Bubble III = 73 reads Hunger Games = 107 reads Debt $ = 94 reads 2014 Feb-06 after 2013 Jan-Mar Sat Feb-02 evening. I uploaded this installment for the first time to Scribd. except time line embedded in the document which had grown excessively large. Sun Feb-06 mid day: • Most recent additions of time line installments new to Scribd • 2013 Jan-Mar = 21 reads • 2013 April = 47 reads • 2007 = 20 reads • 2012 = 302 reads (amazing) • 2014 Jan 9 water = 53 reads • 2000-2006 = 33 reads • 0-1999 = 27 reads 110 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc. 1-3 views may be me setting anything up.scribd. then 1-2 for each subsequent revision.

(Wed Jan-29 mid-day) Views = 22 • Debt 2014 (1 page DC).com/doc/114094060/CI-Boom-Analysis . then 1-2 for each subsequent revision. 3-4 views may be me setting anything up. except time line embedded in the document which had grown excessively large. • Prior (Wed Jan-29 mid-day 1 page) = War Cycle (1 page DC). Views = 13.scribd. Sun Feb-02 morning: • Most recent additions of documents new to Scribd • CI 2014 Jan 9 W Va (40 pages) (Feb-01 nite) Views = 25 • CI 2000 to 2006 time line (22 pages) (Jan-31 mid day) Views =27 • CI 0-1999 (19 pages) (Wed Jan-29 nite) Views = 21 (up 8 from Jan-31) • War Cycle (1 page DC). Views = 30 111 CI Boom Analysis => Pipeline etc.111 Critical Infrastructure Boom Analysis in Disasters-CI Boom folder 3/9/2014 6:53:24 PM 2014 Feb-02 after 2014 Jan 9 W Va I uploaded this installment for the first time. Time Bomb Epidemic http://www. then 1-2 for each subsequent revision. except time line embedded in the document which had grown excessively large. Views = 17. Probably 2-3 views are me setting anything up. on Wed Jan 29 evening. • Previous (10 days earlier) = Debt 2014 (1 page DC). Thu Jan-30 mid-day: • Last upload (Wed Jan-29 evening) = CI 0-1999 time line. (13 days earlier) Views = 30 • Bubble III (1 page DC) (1 month ago) Views = 65 • Hunger Games (1 page DC) (2 months ago) Views = 99 + 1 embed • Debt $ (1 page DC) (2 months ago) Views = 85 • Doomers (1 page DC) (2 months ago) Views = 125 2014 Jan-30 soon after 0 to 1999 Scribd statistics I uploaded this installment for the first time. Sat Feb-02 evening.

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