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Issued by Academy Avignon of Crafts and SMEs in Europe
The Observatory on the European Research for Crafts and SMEs was set up by the Academy Avignon of Crafts and SMEs in Europe, based in Brussels. Its mission is to monitor the results of research on Craft and SMEs carried out in Europe by several bodies e.g. research centres, universities, the EC agencies. The Observatory diffuses the results to Crafts and SME organizations and the other relevant stakeholders.
MAIN CONTENTS IN THIS ISSUE
1. Competitiveness of Romanian Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in European Union 2. Novas Formas de Organização do Trabalho nas Micro e Pequenas Empresas [New Forms of Work Organization in Micro and Small Enterprises] 3. Global SMEs’ Strategy
COMPETITIVENESS OF ROMANIAN SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES IN EUROPEAN UNION
Author(s): Summary (EN)
D a ni e l a PO P A ( Ac a de m y o f Ec o no m i c s S t u d y , Bu c h a r e s t )
It becomes a common place to speak of SMEs as an engine of economic growth for any European Union country. The SMEs accounted the higher turnover and provides jobs for most of employed population. Romania is no exception, in 2009, the turnover of SMEs represents over 60 % (but for hotels and restaurants SMEs turnover was around 85 %). The article analyses the vulnerabilities of the sector, the main possibilities for financing, as well the framework created in Romania to stimulate business by development of SME’s. By 2010, the turnover of European SMEs recovered with a growth of 2.6 percent in the aggregate. The effects of the financial an economic crisis of 2009 were still felt by European SMEs in 2010. The number of SMEs stabilized in 2010, albeit with declines in the small and medium size classes, while the micro enterprises by and large stood up well to the adverse economic conditions..The beginning recovery of EU SMEs in 2010 has, been mainly featured growth in numbers of turnover and value added.
NOVAS FORMAS DE ORGANIZAÇÃO DO TRABALHO NAS MICRO E PEQUENAS EMPRESAS [NEW FORMS OF WORK ORGANIZATION IN MICRO AND SMALL ENTERPRISES]
Author(s): Summary (EN)
S a n t o s M i g ue l
The implementation of new forms of organization of the work (NFWO) has been recurrently applied in the medium and large corporations, especially those whose activity is centered in traditional industrial sectors. With virtues and inconvenients the NFWO seems to be apparently to be kept out of the micro and small enterprises (MSE) frameworks. In this text, we attempt to describe, to characterize and to clearly underline the potential that some NFWO (job rotation, job enlargement, job enrichment and semi-autonomous work groups) can take in the MSE, especially to face the hostile economic moments and to survive in the unavoidable sphere of the globalization in the informational society. Link
GLOBAL SMEs’ STRATEGY
V a l e r i j D e r m o l ( I nt e r n a t i o n a l S c h o o l f o r S o c i a l a n d B us i ne s s S t u d i e s i n C e l j e , Sl o ve ni a )
Author(s): Summary (EN)
In developed countries the number of SMEs vastly exceeds the number of MNCs. An important share of SMEs are somehow linked to MNCs – but the impression prevails, that SMEs are in a subordinate position and certainly do not have a global strategy. We argue, however, that there should be partnership relations between MNCs and SMEs. The share of importance is conditioned by the degree, how well SMEs understand the MNCs global policy and how they support it with their activity. Through that MNCs become a part of SMEs’ global strategy, which consequently becomes their strategy as well. The paper includes a number of SMEs’ considerations and actions to be included in the MNCs’ global strategy – as well as some propositions upon public support needed for this purpose.
Newspapers: Exporting: back to basics for international success
5 September 2012, The Guardian By Alison Coleman "The UK government is urging businesses to pursue overseas trade opportunities and help kick start growth through exporting. But as with any new business venture, small businesses in pursuit of global opportunities should start with first principles"
Londra, una banca aiuterà le PMI
25 September 2012, Il Sole 24Ore By Nicole Degli Innocenti La strategia del Governo non cambia e il programma di austerità per ridurre il deficit prosegue invariato, ma è stata presentat una nuova iniziativa per rilanciare l'economia, rispondendo così alle critiche delle imprese. Il cancelliere George Osborne ha annunciato la creazione di una "business bank" statale che si occuperà solo di concedere crediti alle piccole e medie imprese per sopperire al "credit crunch" che penalizza soprattutto le Pmi.
THE LIST OF SOURCES IN THIS ISSUE. Bertelsmann Stiftung is dedicated to serving the common good. Our work is based on the conviction
that competition and civic engagement are essential for social progress. The Bertelsmann Stiftung functions exclusively as a private operating foundation; it carries out its own project work and does not make grants or support third-party projects. The foundation aims to identify social problems and challenges at an early stage and develop exemplary solutions to address them. The Bucharest University of Economic Studies is and wishes to remain the most prestigious institution of higher economic and public administration education in Romania and to rank amongst the top universities in Europe, as regards the content and modernity of the teaching and learning process, the dynamism of innovation, the implication in strategic partnerships with representatives of the national and international economic and social environment.
CIREM has a collection of documents with over 1700 entries specialised in topics specific to the work of its researchers: the labour market, local development, professional and occupational training, political science, economics, etc. The collection consists of a wide range of document types: monographs, statistics, documents not commercially available, periodical indexing, legislation, European documentation, etc.
Fondazione Manlio Masi: The Manlio Masi’s Foundation is a
"National Observatory for Internationalisation and trade". Their aim is to promote and to develop analytical processes and strategies of internationalization of trade and national economic system.
GREGOR: is the research laboratory of the IAE of Paris (EA2474) and the research team for the research
masters degree in Applied Organisation. Created in 1992, it currently comprises 93 members, including nine professors, two senior lecturers qualified to direct research (HDR) (11 directors of research in total), seven senior lecturers not yet qualified to direct research, five PhDs, one teacher qualified for Higher Education (PRAG), five part-time teacher/professionals (PAST) and 53 doctoral students.
The present edition of the Newsletter for the Academy Avignon was edited by Maura Albanesi
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