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# INTRODUCTION

Sag tension calculation is carried out to estimate the sag in the conductor under various
temperatures. The calculation is carried out for the conductor span lengths in use in 765kV
INPUT DATA
Input data required for carrying out the calculations are as follows;
Initial tension

conductor diameter (dc)

c/c distance of tower

conductor Area (Ac)

girder width (lg)

Expansion coefficient (α)

tower height (h1)

Elasticity modulas (E)

tower height (h2)

No. of strings

Wind Pressure on cond (Pwc)

Diameter of string insulator (di)

Wind Pressure on insulator (Pwi)

weight of string

No. of conductos (n)

string weight/ conductor (Wwi)

Conductor weight (Mc)

String length (RS)

spacer weight (Ms)

Conductor chord length (lc)

PARAMETERS USED
θ1 - Initial Temperature

Wwi - Equivalent weight of insulator with wind

θ2 - final Temperature

l

L - span length

D1- Sag at centre of insulator catenary'

f1 - Stress at Temprature θ1
f2 - Stress at Temprature θ2

below end of string
D2- Sag at centre of insulator catenary'

w1- Equivalent weight of

below support
D3 - Conductor Sag below end of insulator string

conductor at Temprature θ1
w2- Equivalent weight of

D4 - total Sag insulator plus conductor

conductor at Temprature θ2
T1 - Tension at Temprature θ1

X - Half inclined length of conductor span

T2 - Tension at Temprature θ2

X1 - Projected Length of SP

ns- No. of spacers

X2- Projected length of SP+RS

M'- Equivalent conductor weight

X3- Projected length of insulator string

BASIS OF CALCULATION
Tension at any temperature θ2 deg C
a)

- half span length of conductor

Tension at any temperature θ2
the equation to be solved is as follows:
f22 x [f2 - F] = G

w

2

1
6T

l2E
2

1

lc) …. As per IEC .Ms)/(n.where G= F= f1- w 2 1 6T l2E 2 -(θ2 -θ1)αE 1 w22l2E 6Ac2 T1/Ac f1= b) Loading due to wind on conductor and insulator: Wind loading Wwc = Pwc x dc for conductor Wind loading Wwi = Pwi x di for insulator c) Loading due to self weight of the conductor and spacers: weight of the spacers has been considered alongwith the weight of the conductor. The equivalent weight of the conductor and spacers is given by: M' = M'c + (ns.865 where M' = weight of the sub conductor ns = no.0005(assumed) X1 = a2 X a1 SP = a2 sinh X1 a2 .. of sub conductor lc = chord length of the conductor ( total span less the girder width and length of the insulator string) Equivalent weight of the conductor in the loaded condition: equivalent weight of conductor under full wind condition is given by [(M')2 + (Wwc)2] w1 = d) Maximum sag(D4) Refer Fig 1 a1= T/W1 for conductor catenary a2= T/Wwi for insulator catenary where T: tension in kg/conductor W1 : equivalent conductor weight W1 = no of string x string weight string length X = (l-RS) X 1. of spacers Ms = weight of the spacer n = no.

1) a1 Sag D4 = D3 + D2 .1) a2 Ref page 54 of Text book "Generation Transmission and Utilization of Electrical Power" -A.1) a2 D3 = a1( coshX .STARR D2 = a2( coshX2 .D1 e) Point of Maximum sag from the Support towers XP1 =1 l + 2 XP2 =1 l + 2 Th wl Th wl Reference: Text Book:"GENERATION.RSP = RS + SP X2 = a2 sinh-1RSP a2 X3 = X2 .STARR . TRANSMISSION AND UTILIZATION OF ELECTRICAL POWER"A.X1 X = 1/2 * 1-X3 D1 = a2( coshX1 .T.T.

8 2.5 m 11 Nos 7 kg Insulator & Hardware Data No of strings No of Disc Insulators/string Diameter of each disc(di) Weight of disc Disc Length of each disc(li) Weight of Insulator Hardware Length of insulator Harware including insulator(lh) MAIN CALCULATION 1 Load calculation for conductor Wind Load Wwc = dc x Pwc kg.623 = 2 Ref ANNEXURE-I Ref ANNEXURE-I Kg/m m sq.74 .03825x139.2 7.255 7. of conductors(n) Conductor weight(Mc) Conductor Diameter(dc) Conductor Area (Ac) Expansion Coefficient(a) Elasticity Modulus(E) 4 2.SAMPLE CALCULATION Circuit : 765kV Quad Moose 104 m span) General Data Initial tension c/c of tower Girder width lg c/c tower .4 3.m as per IS 398 (P-III-1976) 7.854 86.000865 0.71E+09 Spacer Data Spacer span No.854 Preliminiary Claculation String Length(LS) Conductor chord length(lc) Total string weight String weight/conductor(Wwi) Equivalent conductor weight(M') 7.83E-02 0.145 54.292 759.08 kg/m Wind pressure on Insulator(Pwi) Conductor Data No. of spacers(ns) Spacer weight (ms) 2 47 0.74 172.m degC as per IS 398 (P-III-1976) kg/sq.leg Tower Height Wind pressure on conductor(Pwc) 2250 104 2 104 39 139.2 189.5 0./cond m m m m kg/m2 Nos Nos m kg m kg m m m kg kg kg/m 0.000023 4.

C) and full wind condition .2 5. G can be calculated as G = 2 2 w2 l E 6 Ac2 = Hence G = 5.32 kg Wi = = = √(string weight/cond) +(Wwi) √((189.5 x 7.Wt of conductor under full wind condition W2 = = = √(M') + (Wwc) √(2.08 x 0.96 Half span length of conductor LH = = = (half span .0005 43.000865 kg/m2 Hence f1 = 2600073. F can be calculated as .0005 ((104-2)/2-7.00086536^2) 6.854)x1.345^2 ) 5. of conductor under still wind condition W1 = 2.318)^2) 256.255 x 172.915E+19 Substituting the value of W2 for full wind condition and other values with temprature diffrence of 5oC.623^2+5.9500 kg/m Wwi = = = d x Pwi x 0.8)^2+(172.17 m Substituting the value of W2 for full wind condition and other values.854 172.T2 f1 = Initial tension at 0 deg C and full wind condition (T1) Area (Ac) = 2250 0.3545 kg 2 2 Load calculation for string insulator wind load Equivalent weight of insulator with wind 3 = 2 2 Calculation of tension at θ2 Deg C(5 Deg.5 x LS 0.Wt.95^2x43.35 kg Eq.17^2x4709000000 (6x0.6231 kg/m Eq.insulator length) x 1.

934xSINH(7.317x2540857.958-5.C d) Sag under full wind conditions .0005 43.93 kg/m a1 = T1 w1 = 2250 5.869/68.15 kg/m 2250 = 256.9500 a2 = T1 wi = X(ass) = = ((l-2)/2-RS) x 1.511^2-69148352210435100000 0.355/7.F = f1 2 2 - 2 6Ac f1 Putting all the values we get F = = .151)x43.000023 -8.934) 7.00E+00 we get f2 = 2 2540857.89 = ((104-2)/2-7.17^2x4709000000/(6x0.95^2*43.511 x 0.958^2)-(5-0)x4709000000x0.854)x1.87 SP = = = a2sinh(X1f/a2) 68.0005 .3 = 2 378.51 kg/m Hence the tension T2 under full wind condition at 5 deg C = f2 x Ac = 2540857. f23-Ff22-G E101^3-E91*E101^2-E82 2540857.17E+06 The stress f2 at 5 deg C could be found out by sloving the cubic equation "f23-Ff22-G=0" for f2 Now.511^3--8169925.(θ2-θ1)Ea w2 l E 2 2600073.17 m X1 = = = (a2/a1) X (68.0008654 Hence f2 = 2198.934/378.Initial temperature 0 deg C Sag point XP1 = 1/2 x (L) XP1 = 52 m with reference to fig 1 and equations given under section 4.C in steps of 5 deg.76 kg The tension(T2) values are calculated for full wind conditions up to 75 deg.854 2 68.00086536^2x 2600073.168 7.

74/68.45 3.802 m Hence sag at full wind condition at 0 deg C is given by Hence SUMMARY The Sag tension at various temperatures for both still wind & full wind condition for the following cases are carried out.607/68.869/68.54 m Span with Tower Height of 27m 2) 765kV Quad Bull .607-7.934)-1) 1.93 m Span with Tower Height of 39m .74 X = = = XP1 .934)-1) 0.45 D2 = = = a2(cosh (X2/a2) -1) 68.934x(COSH(7.RSP = = = SP+LS 7.X1 15.D1 2.1 43.X3 52 -7.151)-1) 2.934xASINH(15.886+7. 1) 765kV Quad Bull .737.61 X3 = = = X2 .77E+00 D3 = = = a2(cosh (X3/a1) -1) 378.774-0.26 D1 = = = a2(cosh (X1/a2) -1) 68.854 15.477+1.104 m Span with Tower Height of 39m 3) 765kV Quad Bull .263/378.869 7.74 X2 = = = a2sinh-1(RSP/a2) 68.934) 15.151x(COSH(43.4774367 D4 = D4 = D3 + D2 .934x(COSH(15.

96 807.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00 52.58 1710.87E+00 4.292 F1 -7.7140482 4.17 43.30 43.96 807.72813993 4.00 3.72553114 4.931708 40.935121452 1.74E+02 3.6062604 7.00 52.379602 12.00 52.33 43.00 52.83 2105.17 43.72919136 4.328738 12.325254 D2s 1.00E+00 0.272040651 0.17 43.64 2022.72449807 4.74 983415.64E+00 2.6570524 7.6146902 7.31E+07 -1.58057 12.55 902714.36E+19 1.67E+06 -8.00 52.6740589 7.7140482 4.72866517 4.34 1170984.36E+19 1.7140482 4.32 256.57953 12.69 1040.7140482 4.64E+00 2.337185 12.4 7.00 52.43 1013.326 4.00 52.00 52.413606 12.36E+19 1.27 1114710.069 4.5978482 7.34 43.69E+00 2.786 4.00E+00 0.297845895 0.345646 12.00E+00 X3 7.71E+09 2 0.00 52.5894547 X(act)s 43.64E+00 2.371101 12.00E+00 0.36E+19 1.7140482 4.22 1141862.020371148 2.52 1848.00 52.7140482 4.20 932617.00E+00 0.875 4.5 spacer weight(Ms) Eq Cond weight Cond dia Cond area Exp.00 52.01 835.20 932617.92E+00 4.027 4.218268269 2.916588 39.21E+06 -8.128 4.33E+00 4.210 43.58162 12.35 T(still wind) f1 w1 m kg kg m m (half span length) (weight of insulator in still wind) (weight of insulator in full wind) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 1069.54 2.00 52.42E+07 -1.27 1114710.20E+07 -1.00 52.66 922.74 172.61E+00 4.258334683 0.303503 X(ass)f kg kg/m m sq m / deg c kg/sqm STILL WIND CONDITION Sag point ( in meters) l = Ww(ins) = Wi = 11 7.845841381 1.52 1043160.05 793.934 5.37 52.36E+19 1.608 4.422 4.57E+02 3.35 43.00E+00 0.897 3.47E+07 -1.00 52.64E+00 2.10 1983.87E+00 2.80 781.59 820.28 851.75E+06 -9.310048214 0.6315975 7.55 902714.92E+00 2.264402 43.26526067 0.02 1089323.58267 12.40 43.396612 12.36E+19 1.59 820.38E+00 2.64E+00 2.72398444 4.58214 12.79E+00 4.255544755 2.516 4.43 1013.007 1069.66E+02 3.28 851.971665 33.57696 12.23E+00 4.31E+00 2.42E+02 3.72 1022097.00 52.06 1818.84E+02 3.74 983415.82 3.04E+07 -1.00E+00 0.36E+19 1.215055 34.03E+00 3.7140482 4.17 43.00E+00 0.72347306 4.08 965600.698 4.41 D1s 0.315993477 0.09E+07 -1.70 948692.53 1879.00 52.72761572 4.00 52.577141 33.05 1065524.36 43.7140482 4.045 5.00 52.5785 12.285192663 0.72971841 RSPf 12.6655539 7.639 3.36E+19 1.291578475 0.81E+00 2.65E-04 2.64E+00 2.58319 12.36E+19 1.42E+00 4.88 1735. Coefficient Elas Modulus No of strings Dia of string insul weight/string String weight/cond.37 43.36E+19 1.08 917310.00E+00 0.6910653 7.00 52.6231364 7.888881 39.319 4.38 1002216.51E+00 2.17 43.52E+07 -1.333260752 a1s a2s 4.72 1022097.75E+00 2.05 793.321841136 0.396032 32.63 942.09E+00 D4s 3.00 52.320309 12.08 965600.38 43.71 884.72709262 4.922 4.00 52.007507 38.061607123 2.17E+02 3.72657075 4.00E+00 0.327595541 0.7140482 4.06 902.83E-02 8.63 942.17 43.58109 12.67 1947.7229642 4.984 4.6400718 7.01E+02 2.7140482 4.36E+19 1.08 917310.808 3.54 gs(f2) 0.32 988.48 867.06 902.33 43.799553827 1.7250137 4.64E+00 2.00 3.17 43.08 4 2.399 4.7140482 4.58E+07 f2 1202313.17 43.154 4.180270163 2.101975885 2.5 2.00E+00 0.8 7.7140482 SPf 4.48 2062.96E+00 5.17 52.00 52.7140482 4.03 1789.00 52.00 52.45E+00 2.6995577 7.58372 X2 12.05E+02 3.00 2198.251254517 0.311896 12.94E+02 3.64E+00 2.00E+00 0.83E+06 -1.64E+00 2.13E+00 4.32 988.787 4.155307 37.30E-05 4.05 1065524.00E+00 0.36E+07 -1.25E+07 -1.35412 12.141517714 2.22E+02 3.961 5.36E+19 43.01 835.57901 12.388107 12.49E+02 3.17 43.57798 12.64E+00 2.00 52.36E+19 1.92 2150.22 1141862.80 781. String length(RS) Cond chord len (lc) m m m m m Kg/sqm Kg/sqm Kg/m m FULL WIND CONDITION Temp Temperature deg c 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 Tension (kg) Sag (in meters) Tension (kg) Sag point (in meters ) Sag (in meters) 2250.17 172.888322 35.36E+19 1.69 1040.29E+06 -9.06E+02 3.17 43.861 4.64E+00 2.6 189.05357 41.847922 32.64E+00 G1 1.11E+02 3.71 884.00 52.35E+02 3.58005 12.12 964.752087569 1.63E+00 2.292130211 D3s 2.52E+00 4.557 4.SAG TENSION CALCULATION-765 KV CIRCUIT:765 KV Quad Bull (54 M SPAN) Initial tension No of spacers(ns) 2250 kg/cond c/c of tower Girder width (lg) Span (c/c tower-lg) Tower height(h1) : Tower height(h2) : Wind pr.6485576 7.31 43. on cond Wind pr on insulator: No of conductors: Cond weight spacer span 104 2 102 39 39 139.48 867.57E+00 2.96E+02 44.36E+19 1.64E+00 2.52 1043160.70 948692.6825641 7.70E+00 4.15E+07 -1.12 964.228 4.978224728 2.600227 35.36E+19 1.17 43.32 43.98E+00 3.34 1170984.479 4.17 X1f 4.854 86.02 1089323.57747 12.17 1236127.66 922.00 52.03E+00 4.64E+00 2.64E+00 2.20 1912.01 1202313.255 379.711 4.00 52.39 43.39 43.17 43.33 1761.72605021 4.00 52.405114 12.7140482 4.00E+00 0.278682271 0.128 5.891011491 1.38 1002216.304000686 0.362606 12.635 4.29E+02 3.05E+00 .00 52.354483 36.237 4.82E+00 3.17 43.

17 43.8836916 7.17 RSPf 1.31E-01 5.17 43.43 0.30 2036003.17 43.54E+00 2.96E+00 5.00E+00 0.861 4.94E+00 1.09E+07 -1.39 2067730.05E+02 3.00E+00 0.96E+00 5.58 2135594.8836916 7.808 3.18E+00 3.363340748 3.17 43.52E+07 -1.32 43.90 7.96E+00 G1 6.711 4.8836916 7.96E+00 5.21E+06 -8.91 7.786 4.00E+00 0.45E+01 6.21E+02 3.96E+00 5.61E+02 3.00E+00 0.17 43.33 43.73E+00 7.58E+01 X2 1.68E+00 7.93E+00 2.58 2135594.65 2433066.56E+01 1.72E+00 7.20E+01 6.66E+00 7.00E+02 2.17 43.88 2100892.479 4.8836916 7.66E+01 5.74E+00 7.8836916 SPf 43.58425 12.17 43.27 43.69E+00 7.344338548 2.17 43.13E+00 5.00 2198.98E+00 3.237 4.00E+00 0.94E+19 6.69E+02 3.90 7.34 D1f 4.319 4.73077488 12.31E+07 -1.55E+01 1.12E+00 2.96E+00 5.7140482 4.90 7.05E+00 2.20 1912.17 43.58E+01 1.57E+01 5.68E+00 7.47 1976479.557 4.83E+06 -1.56E+01 1.5727273 43.41 2210096.17 43.94E+19 6.96E+02 2.984 4.96E+00 5.96E+00 5.96E+00 5.94E+19 6.56E+01 1.58 1710.91 7.94E+19 6.91E+02 2.30 43.8836916 7.8836916 7.97E+01 5.32E+01 5.39 2250163.06 1818.60E+00 2.28E+00 X(ass)f 7.91 7.82E-01 4.64 2022.55E+01 X3 7.83 2105.58E+07 f2 2541041.01E+00 2.58477 12.23E+00 3.338840569 0.56E+01 1.58E+01 1.03 1789.17 43.39E+02 3.31 43.17 43.70E+00 7.82E+00 1.94E+19 6.15E+07 -1.15E+02 3.91 7.25E+07 -1.00E+00 0.635 4.77E-01 5.58E+01 1.11 2171953.00E+00 0.94E+19 6.94E+19 6.65E+00 2.28 43.46E+02 3.8836916 7.08E+01 5.87E+02 a2f 6.31 43.399 4.08E+00 3.30 2005615.53 1879.00E+00 0.90 7.26 w1 5.86E+01 5.328053268 2.10E+02 3.52 1848.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.76E+01 5.17 43.19E+00 2.55E+01 1.28 43.934 5.77E+02 3.96E+00 5.89E+01 6.91 7.96E+00 5.19E+00 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 T(full wind) 2250.50E-01 5.17 43.94E+19 6.53E+02 3.71E+00 2.77E+00 2.12E-01 5.65 2433066.97E+00 2.94E+19 F1 -8.15E+00 2.48 2062.36E+07 -1.88 2100892.33 1761.8836916 7.20E+07 -1.92 2150.90 7.91 7.14 2485471.82E+00 2.74E+01 6.02E-01 5.8836916 7.14 2485471.04E+07 -1.11 2171953.58E+01 1.59E-01 5.94E+19 6.48E+01 5.27E+02 3.67 1947.58E+01 1.67E+00 7.90 7.56E+01 1.43.21E+00 D4f 3.88 2383560.34 43.96E+00 5.58E+01 1.30 43.73024627 4.08E+00 2.87E+00 2.286776 7.14E+00 3.007 .00E+00 0.58E+01 1.58E+01 1.56E+01 1.154 4.56E+01 1.27 43.8836916 7.22E+00 2.58E+01 1.91 2500 6 2000 5 3 1000 2 500 Sag m 4 1500 Tension Sag m Tension kg Full Wind Condition Temp Vs Tension & Sag Tension Sag 1 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Temp Deg C Tension kg Still Wind Condition Temp Vs Tension & Sag 1200 6 1000 5 800 4 600 3 400 2 200 1 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Temp Deg C 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Sag 5.17 43.66E+00 X(act)f 43.88 1735.26 43.94E+19 6.30 2036003.32E+00 D3f 2.58E+01 1.48E+00 2.295129 7.58E+01 1.32 43.88 2383560.94E+19 6.51E-01 4.37 f1 2600073.03E+00 3.90E+00 1.22E-01 5.17 43.069 4.96E+00 5.16 2336712.68E-01 5.58E+01 1.8836916 7.72E-01 4.86E+00 1.30 2005615.62E-01 4.40E+01 5.91 7.96 2541041.10 1983.00E+00 a1f 3.26E+00 2.95 2292311.39 2250163.17 Temp 4.7140482 4.91 7.39 2067730.00E+00 0.5810808 12.13E+00 3.67E+00 7.58E+01 1.41 2210096.56E+01 1.75E+06 -9.29E+06 -9.56E+01 1.8836916 7.24E+01 X1f 7.94E+19 6.56E+01 1.58E+01 1.56E+01 1.91 7.96E+00 5.42E+07 -1.86E-01 5.16 2336712.72E+00 7.94E+19 6.33 43.78E+00 1.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.59E+01 6.41E-01 5.8836916 7.47 1976479.94E+19 6.897 3.94E-01 D2f 1.95 2292311.32E+01 6.70E+00 7.33E+02 3.26 gs(f2) 0.42 43.69E+00 7.71E+00 7.47E+07 -1.56E+01 1.73E+00 7.8836916 7.29 43.96E+00 5.56E+01 1.29E+00 2.58E+01 1.8836916 7.92E-01 5.

Temp Deg C .

032 2 172.2 B Design Wind Speed :(as per cl.74 Kg/m 2 172.064 N/m 2 60 Kg/m Fpc = Pd * Cdc * Ac * Gc Cdc Ac Gc = = = Fpc = = 60 * 1.3 IS:875) Where Vb = Basic wind speed as per cl5.1 1 31.375 K1 = Risk Coefficient (From Table -1 .2 * 1 * 2.5.39 Fpi = = Wind Load on AAC Bull B. Design Wind Speed Vz = Design Wind Pressure: (as per cl.Wind Pressure on various components will occur at 14m level.2 m/sec 0.summary of wind pressure are as below : I II Wind pressure on Flexible Conductor AAC Bull Wind pressure on Insulator String 2 139.08 kg/m .for Terrain category-2) = = Hence.032 2 139.329 Wind Load on Insulator String C. S/S WIND PRESSURE CALCULATION FOR CONDUCTOR & INSULATOR STRING The wind pressure on tubular bus & Bpi is calculated based on IS :802 (Part 1) -1995 Basic wind speed (Vb)as per cl.For Reliability level 2) K2 = Terrain height & Structure size factor (From Table .1 Wind Load on AAC Bull Drag Coeefficient Unit Crossectional Area of Conductor Gust Response Factor Therefore. 8.1 of IS :802 = 39 m/Sec Maximum Level of Equipment bus above FGL = 39 m Note : Max.1 A.Annexure I POWER GRID CORPORATION OF INDIA LIMITED 765/400kV RAIPUR NEW & 400kV RAIPUR EXTN.2 of IS :875 = (Vb x K1x K2)/K0 K0 = = 39 m/sec 1.08 Kg/m = = Detail calculation for the above are as follows: A Claculation for Design Wind Pressure A.5.2 2 1 m 2.4 of IS :875) Pd = 1.1 Wind Load on Insulator String Drag Coeefficient Unit Crossectional Area of String Gust Response Factor Therefore.3 .Hence the same is considered for calculations At 14m level from FGL. C Vd 1 2 1 m 2.6 x Vd2 = = 2 584.74 kg/m = Pd * Cdi * Ai * Gi Cdi Ai Gi = = = 1.2 * 1 * 2. Fpi 60 * 1.