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# STUDENT NAME

## EXIT LEVEL SCIENCE

Copyright 2009, Texas Education Agency. All rights reserved. Reproduction of all or portions of this work is prohibited without express written permission from the Texas Education Agency.

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SCIENCE

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FORMULA CHART
Density = mass volume D= m v

change in ( heat gained ) = ( mass )( temperature )( specific ) or lost heat distance traveled time final velocity initial velocity Acceleration = change in time Speed = Momentum = mass velocity Force = mass acceleration Work = force distance Power = work time

Q = (m)(T)(Cp ) d t vf vi a= t v= p = mv F = ma W = Fd W t WO % = 100 WI P= KE = mv 2 2

work output 100 work input 1 Kinetic energy = 2 (mass velocity 2) % efficiency = Gravitational potential energy = mass acceleration due to gravity height Energy = mass (speed of light) 2 Velocity of a wave = frequency wavelength Current = voltage resistance

PE = mgh E = mc 2 v = f I= V R

## Electrical power = voltage current Electrical energy = power time

P = VI E = Pt

Constants/Conversions
g = acceleration due to gravity = 9.8 m/s 2 c = speed of light = 3 10 8 m/s speed of sound = 343 m/s at sea level and 20C 1 cm 3 = 1 mL 1 wave cycle/second = 1 hertz (Hz) 1 calorie (cal) = 4.18 joules 1000 calories (cal) = 1 Calorie (Cal) = 1 kilocalorie (kcal) newton (N) = kgm/s 2 joule (J) = Nm watt (W) = J/s = Nm/s volt (V) ampere (A) ohm ()

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## Periodic Table of the Elements

Atomic number Symbol Atomic mass
28.086

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14

Si
Silicon
Name

Group 1 IA

18 VIIIA
2

1 13 IIIA
5 6 7

H
14 IVA 15 VA

He
4.0026
Helium

1.008

Hydrogen

2 IIA

16 VIA
8

17 VIIA
9

10

2
10.81
Boron Carbon

Li B
12.011

Be C
14 13

N
14.007
Nitrogen

O
15.999
Oxygen

F
18.998
Fluorine

Ne
20.179
Neon

6.941

9.012

Lithium

Beryllium

11

12

15

16

17

18

3 4 IVB 8
26.982
Aluminum

Na
5 VB 9 VIII 12 IIB
30 31 27 28 29

Mg
6 VIB 10 11 IB
24 25 26

Al

Si
28.086
Silicon

P
30.974
Phosphorus

S
32.066
Sulfur

Cl
35.453
Chlorine

Ar
39.948
Argon

22.990

24.305

Sodium

Magnesium

3 IIIB
22 23

7 VIIB

19

20

21

32

33

34

35

36

4
47.88 58.69
Nickel Copper

K Ni Cu
63.546 65.39
Zinc

Ca Zn
48
50.942

Sc
51.996 54.938 55.847 58.933
Titanium

Ti
40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47

Cr

Mn

Fe

Co

Ga
69.72
Gallium

Ge
72.61
Germanium

As
74.922
Arsenic

Se
78.96
Selenium

Br
79.904
Bromine

Kr
83.80
Krypton

39.098

40.08

44.956

Potassium

Calcium

Scandium

37

38

39

49

50

51

52

53

54

5
91.224 95.94

Rb Pd Ag
107.868
Silver

Sr
92.906 (98) 106.42
Niobium

Y
101.07 102.906
Zirconium

Zr
72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79

Nb

Mo

Tc

Ru

Rh

Cd
112.41

In
114.82
Indium

Sn
118.71
Tin

Sb
121.763
Antimony

Te
127.60
Tellurium

I
126.904
Iodine

Xe
131.29
Xenon

85.468

87.62

88.906

Rubidium

Strontium

Yttrium

55

56

57

80

81

82

83

84

85

86

6
178.49
Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium

Cs Pt
180.948 183.84 186.207 190.23 192.22

Ba
104 105 106 107 108 109 110
(269)
Meitnerium

La

Hf

Ta

Re

Os

Ir

Au
196.967
Gold

Hg
200.59
Mercury

Tl
204.383
Thallium

Pb
207.2

Bi
208.980
Bismuth

Po
(209)
Polonium

At
(210)
Astatine

Rn
(222)

132.905

137.33

138.906

195.08
Platinum

Cesium

Barium

Lanthanum

87

88

89

7
(261) (262)
Dubnium Seaborgium Hassium Bohrium

Fr
(263) (262) (265)
Rutherfordium

Ra

Ac

Rf

Db

Sg

Bh

Hs

Mt
(266)

Mass numbers in parentheses are those of the most stable or most common isotope.

(223)

226.025

227.028

Francium

Actinium

58

59

60

61

62

63

64

65

66

67

68

69

70

71

Lanthanide Series
140.12
Cerium

Ce
140.908 144.24

Pr
91 92

Nd

Pm
(145)

Sm
150.36
Samarium

Eu
151.97
Europium

Gd
157.25

Tb
158.925
Terbium

Dy
162.50
Dysprosium

Ho
164.930
Holmium

Er
167.26
Erbium

Tm
168.934
Thulium

Yb
173.04
Ytterbium

Lu
174.967
Lutetium

90

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

100

101

102

103

Actinide Series
232.038
Thorium

Th

Pa
231.036
Protactinium

U
238.029
Uranium

Np
237.048
Neptunium

Pu
(244)
Plutonium

Am
(243)
Americium

Cm
(247)
Curium

Bk
(247)
Berkelium

Cf
(251)
Californium

Es
(252)
Einsteinium

Fm
(257)
Fermium

Md
(258)
Mendelevium

No
(259)
Nobelium

Lr
(262)
Lawrencium

## Revised November 30, 2006

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SAMPLE A

When a 10% hydrochloric acid solution is heated in an open test tube, the test tube should always be pointed A B C D so bubbles are visible at a 180 angle from the flame toward a ventilated area away from nearby people

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SAMPLE B

Mass = 40 g Volume = 20 mL

The picture shows a cube that contains 20 mL of a solution. The solution has a mass of 40 grams. What is the density in g/mL of this solution? Record and bubble in your answer on the answer document.

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Which system in a fish allows maximum oxygen intake through contact between the fish and its environment?

140

A B C D

## Respiratory system Endocrine system Reproductive system Excretory system

120 100 80 60 40 20 0 20 40 60

KNO3

KCl
Na2SO4

80

100

## Temperature of Solution (C)

3 Which of the following describes a trend in the data shown in the graph above? A B 2 Which of the following describes a disadvantage of using solar cells as an energy source? F G H J Solar cells generate large quantities of waste. Solar cells can be used to charge batteries. Solar cells release gaseous by-products. Solar cells are dependent on available sunlight. The solubility of all the salts increases as temperature increases. As temperature increases from 30C to 60C, the solubility of KNO3 increases more than that of KCl. An increase in atmospheric pressure causes an increase in the solubility of KCl. Increasing the temperature of a KNO3 solution from 30C to 60C decreases the solubility of KNO3 by half.

C D

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## Light ray Air

Some plants have a hard waxy coating on their leaves that helps prevent water loss. In which environment do these plants most likely grow? A Desert Marine Grassland Rain forest

Glass

B C

Air
4 The diagram shows light being refracted. Which tool should be used to measure the angle at which the light is bending? F G H J Ruler Compass Protractor Thermometer

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## mRNA Codons and Corresponding Amino Acids

Amino acid
Phenylalanine Leucine UCU UCC UCA UCG CCU CCC CCA CCG ACU ACC ACA ACG GCU GCC GCA GCG UAU UAC UAA UAG CAU CAC CAA CAG AAU AAC AAA AAG GAU GAC GAA GAG Tyrosine STOP UGU UGC UGA UGG CGU CGC CGA CGG AGU AGC AGA AGG GGU GGC GGA GGG Cysteine STOP Tryptophan

Codon
UUU UUC U UUA UUG CUU CUC C CUA CUG AUU AUC AUA AUG

Serine

U C A G U C A G U C A G U C A G

Histidine Glutamine

First Base

Leucine

Proline

Arginine

Third Base

Isoleucine Methionine

Asparagine Lysine

Serine Arginine

Threonine

## Aspartic acid Glutamic acid

Valine

Alanine

Glycine

Second Base
6 A mutation has occurred in an mRNA fragment that was originally CUU. Which of the following mutated mRNA fragments would result in an amino acid sequence different from that produced by the CUU fragment? F G H J CUC CUA CUG CAU

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## Plant Group Bryophytes Psilophytes Gymnosperms Angiosperms

Characteristics Contain no xylem and phloem; reproduce by spores and gametes Contain xylem and phloem; no difference between root and stem Have naked seeds located on the cones Have enclosed seeds located in a fruit

In which plant group does this plant belong? A B C D Bryophytes Psilophytes Gymnosperms Angiosperms

An athlete sitting in a wheelchair at rest throws a basketball forward. Since the athlete and the wheelchair have greater mass than the basketball has, the athlete and the wheelchair will F G H J move backward at a lower speed than the basketball moves forward travel the same distance as the basketball but in the opposite direction move backward at a higher speed than the basketball moves forward have the same forward momentum as the basketball

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A group of researchers discovered the fossilized remains of a flying mammal that appears to have lived 130 million to 165 million years ago. Since the earliest flying birds are believed to have appeared about 150 million years ago, researchers concluded that birds and mammals began to fly at about the same time. This conclusion would be most weakened by evidence of which of the following? A B C D A 100-million-year-old fossil of a flying bird A 120-million-year-old fossil of a flying bird A 160-million-year-old fossil of a flying mammal A 200-million-year-old fossil of a flying mammal

10

A sample liquid is cooled from 150C to 30C, causing the liquid to change into a solid. Which of the following has occurred? F G H J Chemical composition has changed. A physical change has occurred. A new compound has formed. Evaporation of a solvent has occurred.

11

A student uses a hot plate, a thermometer, and a stopwatch to investigate the rate at which a metal object conducts heat. To ensure the most reliable results, which of the following should the student do? A B C D Perform a second investigation using different tools Use several thermometers to measure temperature Develop a hypothesis before starting the investigation Repeat the entire investigation several times

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## Symptoms of Four Patients

Patient 1 2 3 4 Symptom Decrease in urine output Decrease in metabolic rate Decrease in muscle strength Decrease in blood pressure

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## A solution having an equal number of H+ ions and OH ions will have a pH of A B C D 3 7 9 11

12

The table above shows symptoms experienced by four patients. Which of these patients most likely has a problem with the excretory system? F G H J Patient 1 Patient 2 Patient 3 Patient 4

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## Tree of Some Evolutionary Relationships

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Which information would best help scientists verify the relationships among the organisms shown above? F G H J The organisms nutritional requirements The organisms DNA sequences The organisms migratory patterns The organisms population sizes

Time

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A circle graph would best help a student communicate a conclusion about an investigation involving A B C D the proportions by mass of three metals in an alloy the amounts of heat released by three chemical reactions the amounts of force required to accelerate three different masses the electrical conductivity of three salt solutions

Parthenogenesis: a type of asexual reproduction in which an organism is produced from an unfertilized egg

16

A female spring peeper frog produces 200 eggs through parthenogenesis. If all the eggs hatch, they will produce F G H J 50 females and 150 males 100 females and 100 males 150 females and 50 males 200 females and 0 males

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Use the information below and your knowledge of science to answer questions 1720.

Fireworks
Fireworks displays are often associated with celebrations. Some fireworks are rockets that can be fired into the air, producing colorful patterns of bright light. One rocket design involves a cardboard tube, a propellant, and a fuse. A cap on the tube contains metal salts and explosive powder with a second fuse. The propellant consists of a mixture of carbon (C), sulfur (S), and potassium nitrate (KNO3). Potassium nitrate is a potassium ion (K+) bonded to a nitrate ion (NO3). A long cardboard tube is filled with the propellant. When a lit fuse ignites the propellant, the propellant releases oxygen, produces flames, and forces gas out the bottom of the rocket. These actions cause the rocket to rise high into the air. As the rocket reaches its maximum height, a second fuse ignites an explosion that heats and burns the metal salts. This heating and burning of metal salts produces large colorful flashes. Many people enjoy watching these colorful displays against the night sky. The use of fireworks can be dangerous. Professionals who use fireworks take many safety precautions while setting up and igniting the displays.

## Firework Rocket Design

Metal salts and explosive powder Second fuse Cardboard tube Motion of firework First fuse Heat-resistant clay Burning gases Propellant (C, S, KNO3)

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Which of the following information would allow the most direct calculation of the average speed of the rocket on its upward flight? A B C D Thrust force and wind speed Maximum height and the time it takes the rocket to reach it Rocket mass and the time it takes the rocket to reach the highest point Thrust force and the time it takes the rocket to fall to the ground

19

When the fuse ignites the contents of a firework, oxygen is consumed as a result of which type of change? A B C D Mass Phase Nuclear Chemical

18

As a rocket rises, its kinetic energy changes. At the time the rocket reaches its highest point, most of the kinetic energy of the rocket has been F G H J permanently destroyed transformed into potential energy converted to friction stored in bonds between its atoms

20

A scientist hypothesizes that the use of a propellant other than the traditional mixture of C, S, and KNO3 will cause a rocket to rise higher into the air. The researcher builds a rocket that uses an alternate propellant. A proper control for the experiment would be an identical rocket that uses F G H J the traditional propellant the alternate propellant no propellants a mixture of both propellants

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Which of the following properties causes attraction between molecules of liquid water? A B C D Acidity Polarity Density Viscosity 22 The ball in the diagram is moving at a speed of 12 m/s. What is the momentum of the ball in kg m/s? Record and bubble in your answer to the tenths place on the answer document.

0.20 kg ball

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23

For safety reasons, which of these labels is the most important to have on a reagent bottle?

6.5 m
A Liquid at Room Temperature

2.5 m

6.0 m
B 25 A person uses a force of 600 N to lift a box from the ground to the top of the ramp shown. Another worker uses a force of 300 N to push the same box up the complete length of the ramp. What is the approximate percent efficiency of the ramp? A B C D Prepared on April 12 D 17% 23% 77% 83%

500 mL

NaOH pH = 11.0

24

Which of the following is a characteristic of most bacterial infections but not of a viral infection? F G H J It can cause multiple symptoms. It can affect different people differently. It can be spread by inhalation. It can be treated with an antibiotic.

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Earths core

Earths crust

Substance Q R S T

Melting Density Point (C) (g/mL) 460 650 81 142 0.72 1.74 1.00 0.94

Earths mantle
26 Molten rock rises in Earths mantle and then sinks back toward the core in a circular pattern, as shown in the diagram. This method of heat transfer is known as F G H J conduction vibration radiation convection

27

The table shows some properties of four different substances. The picture shows a solid sphere of one of the four substances in a water-ethanol solution (D = 0.9199 g/mL). The sphere is most likely composed of which substance? A B C D Substance Q Substance R Substance S Substance T

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28

A motor produces less mechanical energy than the energy it uses because the motor F G H J gains some energy through motion stores some energy as electrons converts some energy into heat and sound uses some energy to increase in mass

29

Cell membranes perform all the following functions except A B C D making nutrients for cells holding cytoplasm within cells regulating substances exiting cells recognizing other cells

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## ___ CaCO3(s) + ___ H2O(l )

What is the balanced coefficient ratio for the reaction shown above? F G H J 3:3:3:2 2:1:2:2 2:3:2:2 1:1:1:1

Top

## Bottom Outer surface

31

Center

Outer surface

The diagram shows a longitudinal section of part of a plant root tip. Which of the following statements best describes a trend that can be observed in this root tip? A B C D The cells are generally longer at the top than at the bottom. The number of nuclei per cell increases toward the bottom of the root. The cells are shorter the closer they are to the outer surface of the root. The number of cells per area of the root is generally constant.

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Which of the following best describes a difference between a mutualistic relationship and a parasitic relationship? F G H J Parasitism harms both organisms, while mutualism harms only one organism. Parasitism benefits only one organism, while mutualism benefits both organisms. Parasitism involves only two organisms, while mutualism involves many organisms. Parasitism continues for many generations, while mutualism is limited to one generation.

2 cm

## Diagram 2: Composite Wave

2 cm

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Diagram 1 represents a wave. Diagram 2 represents the composite wave formed when a second wave interferes with the original wave. Which of the following best represents the second wave? 2 cm A C 2 cm

2 cm 2 cm B D

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Water molecules generally have which effect on a soluble ionic compound mixed into water? F G H J They remove electrons from the compound. They break the bonds between the ions. They change the ionic bonds to covalent bonds. They add protons to the ionic nuclei.

35

A student compares the viscosities of two solutions at room temperature. The student uses a metal block and equal volumes of the two solutions in identical containers. Which procedure would provide the best comparison of the viscosities of the solutions? A B C D Determining whether the block raises or lowers the density of either solution Determining whether the block raises or lowers the temperature of either solution Measuring the volume of liquid the block displaces in each solution Measuring the time it takes the block to sink in each solution

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DNA

T C G C G T A C G A T C U

T A T C C G A C G A G U A A G G C A T A T

U A

A T

36

The illustration shows the transcription process. What is the main purpose of the structure labeled W? F G H J Carrying instructions for protein synthesis Transforming into a protein Replacing damaged DNA Passing traits to offspring

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## Coyotes Spiders Rabbits Frogs Grasses, shrubs Insects Deer

37 A food web is shown above. If the rabbit population increases, which of the following is most likely to happen soon afterward? A B C D The deer population will increase. The plant population will decrease. Different birds will move into the area. The insect population will be eliminated.

39

Rats

Some students investigate the rusting rate of four metals in saltwater. To best find the rusting rates, the students should measure the masses of the metals before the investigation and at A B the same time and day during each week of the investigation different times and days during each week of the investigation any time during the first week of the investigation one randomly selected time during the investigation

Hawks

Snakes

Seed-eating birds

C D

40

Many viruses released into the air survive for only short periods of time. Which of the following is the most likely reason for this? F G H J Viruses attract antibodies in the atmosphere. Viruses require a low atmospheric pressure. Viruses are hosts for bacteria that eventually destroy them. Viruses are dependent on host cells of living organisms.

A 100-gram tube of adhesive shoe-patching compound has 40% (by mass) adhesive dissolved in a solvent. When the compound is applied, the solvent evaporates, leaving only the adhesive.

38

Half of the tube of compound is applied to a pair of tennis shoes and allowed to dry completely. How much mass will the shoes gain? F G H J 20 g 40 g 50 g 100 g

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Skin Vertebra

43

The long-term survival of any species of organism is possible only if the organisms can A B C migrate when temperatures change reproduce successfully find protection from predators locate a constant food source

## Muscle Spinal cord

Reflex arc: the neural pathway from a point of stimulation to the responding organ

41

The diagram above represents a reflex arc in a human. This pathway responds when someone touches something that causes pain, such as a hot stove. Which of the following shows the correct order of the body systems involved in this response? A B C D Integumentary, respiratory, digestive Circulatory, respiratory, nervous Integumentary, nervous, muscular Circulatory, digestive, nervous 44

Hypothesis: A 5-gram quantity of salt will dissolve faster in 30C water than it will in 10C water.

In addition to a hot plate and beakers, which of these items are needed to test the hypothesis above? F G H J Test tube, barometer, thermometer Balance, thermometer, hand lens Stopwatch, microscope, test tube Thermometer, stopwatch, balance

42

An advertisement for a new medication claims that patients can lower body cholesterol by 25%45%. If the claim is accurate, patients who will benefit most from this medication are those who F G H J have high cholesterol levels consume small amounts of cholesterol want to eliminate cholesterol are aware of cholesterols effects

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## Acceleration = 0.50 m/s2

6.0 kg

8.0 m
45 An electric toy cart has a mass of 6.0 kilograms and a constant acceleration of 0.50 m/s2. How much work does the net force do on the toy cart as the cart travels 8.0 meters? A B C D 24 Nm 30 Nm 40 Nm 48 Nm

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46

White-tailed deer meet their energy needs through which of these activities? F G H J Drinking water Absorbing sunlight Eating plants Exhaling carbon dioxide

Direction of movement

Surface of trampoline
48 A child jumps on a trampoline, as shown above. Which of the following causes the child to rise in the air? F G H 47 The elements in which of these sets have chemical properties that are the most similar? A B C D K, Ca, Sc O, S, Se Na, Ca, Y P, S, Cl J Inertia Mass A reaction force A gravitational force

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## Some Facts About Robert Koch

Fact 1: Koch directed a scientific research institute. Fact 2: Koch developed procedures for disease control through sanitation. Fact 3: Koch developed postulates that included four steps. Fact 4: Koch used his four steps to identify the causes of tuberculosis and anthrax.

49

Robert Koch is known for developing Kochs postulates, a series of steps used to identify the agents responsible for some diseases. The validity of the postulates is best supported by which fact shown above? A B C D Fact 1 Fact 2 Fact 3 Fact 4

50

Members of the kingdom Animalia are best described as F G H J unicellular, prokaryotic, heterotrophic unicellular, eukaryotic, autotrophic multicellular, eukaryotic, heterotrophic multicellular, eukaryotic, autotrophic

51

An advertisement for a brand of tea claims the tea improves the immune system. This claim implies that the tea A B C D helps the body produce antibodies accelerates the process of digestion prevents bacteria from entering cells keeps the body from being exposed to viruses

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52

A 2.25 kg fish swims in a pond at a constant rate of 56 meters in 96 seconds. What is the fishs approximate speed? F G H J 0.020 m/s 0.40 m/s 0.58 m/s 1.7 m/s 54

## Chemicals: 2HI + F2 Masses: w x

2HF + I2
y z

In a single-displacement reaction, the chemical change shown above occurs. Which equation supports the law of conservation of mass? F G H J w=y x=z w+x=y+z w + x = 2(y + z)

53

A student investigates the effects of five brands of fertilizer on plant growth and concludes that Brand X works best. Which of the following would best communicate this conclusion? A B C D A list of the ingredients in each brand of fertilizer used A graph showing the growth rate of plants grown with the different fertilizers A description of the role of different nutrients in plant growth A diagram showing the conditions in which each plant grew

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55

Scientists recently found a fossil representing a newly discovered animal species that they named Tiktaalik roseae. The fossil indicates that Tiktaalik roseae had a fish-like jaw and scale-covered fins. The front fins had bones similar to those of a shoulder, an upper arm, an elbow, a forearm, and a wrist. This information suggests that populations of Tiktaalik roseae most likely lived in which two environments? A B C D In saltwater and in freshwater In water and on land On land and in treetops In glaciers and in caves

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## Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills - Answer Key

Item Number

The letter B indicates that the student expectation listed is from the Biology I TEKS. The letter I indicates that the student expectation listed is from the Integrated Physics and Chemistry TEKS.

01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55

A J B H A J C F D G D F B G A J B G D F B 2.4 C J C J A H A J A G A G D F B F A J C F B J A H B H D H A H B H B

Objective Measured

02 05 04 01 03 02 01 05 01 04 01 02 04 03 01 02 01 05 04 01 04 05 01 03 05 05 04 05 02 04 01 03 05 04 04 02 03 01 01 03 02 01 03 01 05 03 04 05 01 02 01 05 01 04 01

Student Expectations

B.10 (A) I.6 (D) I.9 (D) B.2 (A) B.13 (A) B.6 (C) B.2 (C) I.4 (B) I.3 (A) I.8 (A) B.2 (B) B.10 (A) I.9 (B) B.7 (A) B.2 (C) B.6 (A) B.2 (A) I.6 (A) I.8 (A) B.2 (A) I.9 (A) I.4 (A) B.1 (A) B.4 (D) I.4 (D) I.6 (B) I.7 (A) I.6 (A) B.4 (B) I.8 (C) B.2 (C) B.12 (B) I.5 (B) I.9 (A) I.7 (A) B.6 (B) B.12 (E) B.2 (D) B.2 (B) B.4 (C) B.10 (B) I.3 (B) B.7 (B) B.2 (A) I.4 (A) B.9 (D) I.7 (D) I.4 (B) I.3 (A) B.8 (C) I.3 (B) I.4 (A) B.2 (D) I.8 (C) B.2 (D)

Copyright 2009, Texas Education Agency. All rights reserved. Reproduction of all or portions of this work is prohibited without express written permission from the Texas Education Agency.

## Exit Level Science

For a more complete description of the objectives measured, please refer to the Revised TAKS Information Booklet for Exit Level Science at http://www.tea.state.tx.us/student.assessment/taks/booklets/index.html.

Objective 1:

## The student will demonstrate an understanding of the nature of science.

Biology (1) and Integrated Physics and Chemistry (1) Scientific Processes. The student, for at least 40% of instructional time, conducts field and laboratory investigations using safe, environmentally appropriate, and ethical practices. The student is expected to (A) demonstrate safe practices during field and laboratory investigations.

Biology (2) and Integrated Physics and Chemistry (2) Scientific Processes. The student uses scientific methods during field and laboratory investigations. The student is expected to (A) plan and implement investigative procedures including asking questions, formulating testable hypotheses, and selecting equipment and technology; collect data and make measurements with precision; organize, analyze, evaluate, make inferences, and predict trends from data; and communicate valid conclusions.

## (B) (C) (D)

Integrated Physics and Chemistry (3) Scientific Processes. The student uses critical thinking and scientific problem solving to make informed decisions. The student is expected to (A) analyze, review, [and critique] scientific explanations, including hypotheses and theories, as to their strengths and weaknesses using scientific evidence and information; and draw inferences based on data related to [promotional materials for] products and services.

(B)

Objective 2:

## The student will demonstrate an understanding of the organization of living systems.

Biology (4) Science Concepts. The student knows that cells are the basic structures of all living things and have specialized parts that perform specific functions, and that viruses are different from cells and have different properties and functions. The student is expected to (B) investigate and identify cellular processes including homeostasis, permeability, energy production, transportation of molecules, disposal of wastes, function of cellular parts, and synthesis of new molecules.

Biology (6) Science Concepts. The student knows the structures and functions of nucleic acids in the mechanisms of genetics. The student is expected to (A) describe components of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), and illustrate how information for specifying the traits of an organism is carried in the DNA; explain replication, transcription, and translation using models of DNA and ribonucleic acid (RNA); and

(B)

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## Exit Level Science (continued)

(C)

identify and illustrate how changes in DNA cause mutations and evaluate the significance of these changes.

Biology (8) Science Concepts. The student knows applications of taxonomy and can identify its limitations. The student is expected to (C) identify characteristics of kingdoms including monerans, protists, fungi, plants, and animals. **

**The TAKS will use the most current classification system. Biology (10) Science Concepts. The student knows that, at all levels of nature, living systems are found within other living systems, each with its own boundary and limits. The student is expected to (A) interpret the functions of systems in organisms including circulatory, digestive, nervous, endocrine, reproductive, integumentary, skeletal, respiratory, muscular, excretory, and immune; and compare the interrelationships of organ systems to each other and to the body as a whole.

(B)

Objective 3:

The student will demonstrate an understanding of the interdependence of organisms and the environment.

Biology (4) Science Concepts. The student knows that cells are the basic structures of all living things and have specialized parts that perform specific functions, and that viruses are different from cells and have different properties and functions. The student is expected to (C) compare the structures and functions of viruses to cells and describe the role of viruses in causing diseases and conditions such as acquired immune deficiency syndrome, common colds, smallpox, influenza, and warts; and identify and describe the role of bacteria in maintaining health such as in digestion and in causing diseases such as in streptococcus infections and diphtheria.

(D)

Biology (7) Science Concepts. The student knows the theory of biological evolution. The student is expected to (A) identify evidence of change in species using fossils, DNA sequences, anatomical similarities, physiological similarities, and embryology; and illustrate the results of natural selection in speciation, diversity, phylogeny, adaptation, behavior, and extinction.

(B)

Biology (9) Science Concepts. The student knows metabolic processes and energy transfers that occur in living organisms. The student is expected to (D) analyze the flow of matter and energy through different trophic levels and between organisms and the physical environment.

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## Exit Level Science (continued)

Biology (12) Science Concepts. The student knows that interdependence and interactions occur within an ecosystem. The student is expected to (B) interpret interactions among organisms exhibiting predation, parasitism, commensalism, and mutualism; and investigate and explain the interactions in an ecosystem including food chains, food webs, and food pyramids.

(E)

Biology (13) Science Concepts. The student knows the significance of plants in the environment. The student is expected to (A) evaluate the significance of structural and physiological adaptations of plants to their environments.

Objective 4:

The student will demonstrate an understanding of the structures and properties of matter.

Integrated Physics and Chemistry (7) Science Concepts. The student knows relationships exist between properties of matter and its components. The student is expected to (A) (D) investigate and identify properties of fluids including density, viscosity, and buoyancy; and relate the chemical behavior of an element including bonding, to its placement on the periodic table.

Integrated Physics and Chemistry (8) Science Concepts. The student knows that changes in matter affect everyday life. The student is expected to (A) distinguish between physical and chemical changes in matter such as oxidation, digestion, changes in states, and stages in the rock cycle; and investigate and identify the law of conservation of mass.

(C)

Integrated Physics and Chemistry (9) Science Concepts. The student knows how solution chemistry is a part of everyday life. The student is expected to (A) (B) relate the structure of water to its function [as the universal solvent]; relate the concentration of ions in a solution to physical and chemical properties such as pH, electrolytic behavior, and reactivity; and demonstrate how various factors influence solubility including temperature, pressure, and nature of the solute and solvent.

(D)

Objective 5:

## The student will demonstrate an understanding of motion, forces, and energy.

Integrated Physics and Chemistry (4) Science Concepts. The student knows concepts of force and motion evident in everyday life. The student is expected to (A) calculate speed, momentum, acceleration, work, and power in systems such as in the human body, moving toys, and machines; Page 3

## Exit Level Science (continued)

(B)

investigate and describe applications of Newton's laws such as in vehicle restraints, sports activities, geological processes, and satellite orbits; and investigate and demonstrate [mechanical advantage and] efficiency of various machines such as levers, motors, wheels and axles, pulleys, and ramps.

(D)

Integrated Physics and Chemistry (5) Science Concepts. The student knows the effects of waves on everyday life. The student is expected to (B) demonstrate wave interactions including interference, polarization, reflection, refraction, and resonance within various materials.

Integrated Physics and Chemistry (6) Science Concepts. The student knows the impact of energy transformations in everyday life. The student is expected to (A) (B) describe the law of conservation of energy; investigate and demonstrate the movement of heat through solids, liquids, and gases by convection, conduction, and radiation; and investigate and compare economic and environmental impacts of using various energy sources such as rechargeable or disposable batteries and solar cells.

(D)

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