TOPIC 12 – SOLVING TRIG EQUATIONS II (USING IDENTITIES

)
In this final topic we’ll review solving Trigonometric Equations (algebraically and graphically), and explore some challenging equations that require the use of identities to simplify.

Explore
 Solve graphically by graphing
(Convert all answers to radians)

Consider the solution to the equation
in degree mode and finding the zeroes. .

;

 Solve algebraically by using the identity  State the solutions on the interval  Provide a general solution.

Solve graphically on
y 2

Solve algebraically:

1

90 °

180

°

270

°

360

°

x

-1

-2

Solve graphically on
y 2

1

- 180

°

- 90 °

90 °

180

°

x

-1

-2

GENERAL SOLUTION:

Connect  Along with FACTORING, we can use the quotient, reciprocal, Pythagorean, addition/subtraction and doubleangle identities provided on the formula sheet to help algebraically solve trig equations.  We can verify an equation’s solutions graphically. Although we can graph in radian mode (and experiment with the window to “see” points of intersect / zeros), it is often easier to graph in degree mode and convert solutions to radians. (if necessary) Consider the equation Graph in radian mode: Graph in degree mode:

If we scale “carefully” (in this case ) we can “see” the solutions are

Again with a scale of

we “see” the solutions are

, and

, and

. (same once converted!)
…And if we use the “zero” or “intersect” function on our graphing calc we get the degree answers which are easily convertible!

First solution is …

…But if we use the “zero” or “intersect” function on our graphing calc we get the radian answers in irrational decimal form, not as exact values in terms of

First solution is …

But calc gives the decimal version of !

Which we can easily convert from !

 We must watch for non-permissible values when our equations involve quotient terms. Solve on

Algebraic approach to determining non-permissible values:

Solutions are But non-permissible values are then every (at vertical asymptotes)
(on

, and
)

Non-permissible values where
(top/bottom of unit circle), that is,

Practice 1. Consider the equation on (a) Solve algebraically by factoring and referring to the unit circle.

(b) State the solutions on

(c) Verify your solutions graphically. Provide a sketch here, and label all solutions.
y 2

1

90 ° -1

180

°

270

°

360

°

x

-2

2. Algebraically solve the equation

. (on

)

3. Algebraically solve the equation

on

, and provide a general solution.

4. Algebraically solve the following equations on (a)

: (b)

(b)

(c)

5.

6.

7.

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