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MSE 308 Thermodynamics of Materials

Dept. of Materials Science & Engineering Spring 2005/Bill Knowlton

Problem Set 12 Solutions

1. For a regular solution, it is known for a two component system, that: Gmix = ao X 1 X 2 + RT ( X 1 ln X 1 + X 2 ln X 2 ) . Consider a system in which ao is -13,500 J/mole. xs a. Derive Gmix . b. Derive G1 . c. Derive G 2 . d. Derive the activity coefficient for component 1. e. Derive the activity coefficient for component 2.
xs

xs

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MSE 308 Thermodynamics of Materials

Dept. of Materials Science & Engineering Spring 2005/Bill Knowlton

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MSE 308 Thermodynamics of Materials

Dept. of Materials Science & Engineering Spring 2005/Bill Knowlton

f. Plot the activity coefficient for component 1 as a function of X2 over a temperature range from 300K to 1000K on one graph using a mathematical program that is not Excel.
1 0.8 0.6 300 1000 K HBlack to Blue L

inc. temp.

1
0.4 0.2 0 0 0.2 0.4 X2 0.6 0.8 1

g. Plot the activity coefficient for component 2 as a function of X2 over a temperature range from 300K to 1000K on one graph using a mathematical program that is not Excel.
1 0.8 0.6 300 1000 K HBrown to Red L

inc. temp.

1
0.4 0.2 0 0 0.2 0.4 X2 0.6 0.8 1

h. Plot Gmix as a function of X2 over a temperature range from 300K to 1000K on one graph using a mathematical program that is not Excel.
0 -2000 -4000 -6000 -8000 0 0.2 0.4 X2 0.6 0.8 1 300 1000 K HBrown to Red L

inc. temp.
1

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MSE 308 Thermodynamics of Materials

Dept. of Materials Science & Engineering Spring 2005/Bill Knowlton

2. For an nonregular (subregular) solution, a two parameter solution model is given by: T Gmix = ao X 1 X 2 (1 + ) + RT ( X 1 ln X 1 + X 2 ln X 2 ) . c xs a. Determine Gmix .
xs xs xs xs xs b. Determine H mix and Smix and show whether or not Gmix = H mix T Smix matches your answer in part a.
xs c. Find G1 and G 2 and use your answers to determine Gmix . Show whether xs or not your answer for Gmix agrees with your answer in part a. d. Determine a1 and a2 (activities) xs xs

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MSE 308 Thermodynamics of Materials

Dept. of Materials Science & Engineering Spring 2005/Bill Knowlton

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MSE 308 Thermodynamics of Materials

Dept. of Materials Science & Engineering Spring 2005/Bill Knowlton

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MSE 308 Thermodynamics of Materials

Dept. of Materials Science & Engineering Spring 2005/Bill Knowlton

3. In the paper handed out in class: J. H. Hildebrand, Solubility. XII. Regular Solutions, Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vo. 51 (1929) p. 66-88 Describe five aspects of the paper that you can relate to what you have learned in this course. This is an open ended question.

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